baiyangg baiyangg baiyanggou the icon of a struggle, the father of a nation. south africa's a.n.c. party gives nelson mandela a final farewell. hello. this is al jazeera live from doha. also ahead: a show of support in columbia for the mayor forced out of office. in ukraine a demonstration planned for sunday after the opposition says the president failed to meet its demand. >> and a mission to the moon, china's rover ready to make its final approach.
>> the body of nelson mandela is about to begin its final journey to its ancestral visit ahead of his furniture on sunday. his body has been at the air base, where members of the a.n.c. gave him his final farewell. many speaking at that memorial service on the saturday morning. nelson mandela's grandson mandla is one of them. >> the grandson of nelson mandela that the world cast its eyes on south africa. and took notice of the severe and organised repress of black south africans. yet it was also through nelson
mandela that the world would lend the spirit of endurance and the triumph of forgiveness, and the beauty of reconciliation. >> one of the final speeches was delivered by the current south african president jacob zuma, who described nelson mandela as a towering leader. >> so many things have been said about madeba, because he has done so many things. he has distinguished himself so many times. in everything you can think of. he combines to things that is not easy to do, to combine practices. he did it more than many.
>> here is the team covering events. first to the eastern cape. and tania paige in pretoria outside the a.n.c. such a feel after a week of celebrating the formal sombre mood. >> absolutely. there was a much more sombre solemn mood at the memorial service as compared to the one on tuesday, the big one in the stadium, lots of members of public, singing, dancing. this was nelson mandela's party, his friends, family and his coffin was here. there's the tangible evidence of the loss that people are gradually, i think, coming to terms with. it was a more intimate,
emotional service. not only members of the national congress, but the union that they governed with, members of the community, coming up to the stage bowing. there was a section of schoolchildren and members of the nelson mandela family. not only manda, but two others. it was a political centric ceremony though. this was, you know, a hall draped in a.n.c. colours, removing the south african flag and put the a.n.c. flag on him, folded and demanded to graca mandela to be replaced bit the south african flag. a party farewelling perhaps their greatest leader. when he spoke graca mandela said, "rest assured comrades, everyone here, he'll have his a.n.c. membership card with him." >> i'm glad you brought up the
political aspect. you felt with the way that jacob zuma was speaking, he knew it was important for him to show he was in control or a worthy bearer of nelson mandela's legacy. >> sorry, i lost communication. >> let's tell you about the event in the next few hours. after that ceremony where tania was in pretoria a south african defense force aircraft will fly nelson mandela's body to an airport three hours from the home. from the airport a hearse will continue, driving the coffin to the village of qunu. the airport is on the eastern cape. we go to our correspondent there. >> things are picking up speed. it will be an emotional personal homecoming for nelson mandela. i'll get out the way and show
you what is happening. the sold yours are at the checkpoints. basically the cars are lining up. you need to get checked. people are arriving, mainly children wearing nelson mandela t-shirts. the idea is once the coffin goes up and down, they'll hold hands and form a human chain. you can see the security is tight and the armoured vehicle, and the soldiers - every car that goes through, the soldiers go through and check every vehicle. a lot of vips are here. people are checking that everyone is safe. people are like up down the roads to the airport. see how beautiful this place is. the hills. this is where nelson mandela spent a lot of child hoot. this was the best moments of his life. it will be an interesting colourful send off. security very, very tight. more soldiers will come and line
the streets and check people coming in. this is as far as people go. we are told the family members will be allowed in and other vips as well. >> it should be - this would be the last moment or one of the final moments of a public celebration. once we get to qunu, it's about the villages, family and ancestral home. >> exactly. anyone that wants to get a klims of what is is going on, this is where they do it. they won't see what people in pretoria see, where they filed past the body. they'll see the coffin drive through the highway. their way of showing adoration for nelson mandela is to hold human chains and sending a farewell. saying, "we love you." for people here it's intimate. they know he came from here. it's a sign of hope. he was a poor shepherd boy from the village and became the first
great president and a world icon. he's an inspiration to many. that's why so many are on the road today. parents are saying, "come out and see this great man one last time." if he can do it, you can too. >> lovely sentiment. that's from eastern cape. we reconnected with tania paige at the a.n.c. memorial in pretoria. i was asking before and i was glad that you brought up the political aspect of things, it was important for jacob zuma to show he is in control and a worthy bearer of madeba's legacy. >> 100%. nobody would want to stand in the shadow of nelson mandela, whether it be anyone in his family or anyone following his political path as well. it's been an important speech for jacob zuma to deliver.
of course you remember at the public memorial service he was booed. that's embarrassing, humiliating and took him and the other a.n.c. leaders by surprise. they had to go into the crowd and tell people to keep it down, and publicly reprimanded the crowd saying, "you must show respect." that is the freedom of expression and freedom of speech that nelson mandela went to prison for, being exercised against the party that he loved. this was on important speech for jacob zuma, and he did better. he sang, which the crowd loves, and was speaking more from the heart, more personally, which is what people want to hear from the president at this time, reassurance that the party of nelson mandela is in safe hands. however, outside of this arena and, you know, this week of remembering and celebrating, we know that the african national congress is in trouble.
there are widespread allegations of corruption. jacob zuma has been facing difficulty on the spending of taxpayers' dollars on his home. the full report has not been released. it was for security, they say. these things make people angry. and then the mining strikes, police shooting. and the response from many of the public was that the government was too slow. they didn't take it seriously, they are out of touch with the people that nelson mandela went to dinner for. that was a massive problem. one day they have to combat and do something about. >> thank you for that. that's tania paige live in pretoria, and also we heard from qunu, near the airport. >> continuing coverage, but we'll move to other news. tens of thousands gathering
around columbia's city hall in a final push to keep gustavo petro from being sacked. some say it could affect the peace process. alessandro rampietti has more from bogota. >> the mayor needed a strong show of force. that's what he got. in the largest demonstration since the removal of gustavo petro by the conservative inspector general for his perceived ms handling of the city's garbage collection system. what started as a process against the decision has turned into a movement in the sense of democracy. >> translation: i'm here under collective interest and a personnel one, i demand my vote be respected. the majority are here for that reason. it's not to do with a political belief. >> for the former rebel fighter turned politician his removal is an attack on the future of the
country. >> what we are defining here is if peace is possible, if real democracy is possible or not. >> petro was seen as a presidential contender. he had a hard time running the city. most agree on the short comings of gustavo petro as mayor, critics were troubled by the removal. >> political science professor says the decision doesn't bode well for the ongoing peace process. >> it's not a good message to those members of the guerillas who aspire to participate in politics legally towards the future. the question i think that remains based on this case and others is what constitutional ideas are there that the
political left will participate in the legal political fold. >> gustavo petro knows the demonstrations alone will not be enough to change the inspector general's ruling. his legal team filed 500 legal complaints to the constitutional courts. on wednesday he'll fly to washington to meet with the head of the commission of human rights. he'll need his supporters to keep the pressure on back home. >> an armed student opened fire at a school in the u.s. state of colorado, wounding two students before killing himself. police say he entered the arapahoe high school in a denver suburb armed with a shotgun. the teenager was looking for a specific teacher before being confronted by another student. two petrol becomes were found in the school, all this a day before the anniversary of 20 elementary school students in connecticut. >> in ukraine the president and opposition failed to reach an
agreement to end the ongoing political crisis. they've been meeting in kiev. viktor yanukovych is offering on amnesty to demonstrators facing criminal charges. the interior ministry admitted to an abuse of power. the opposition leader say they want to hold new elections. now with the latest from kiev. >> prayer in a time of crisis. in ukraine many support the pro-european movement. st. michael's cathedral gained protesters beaten. the patry ark made his position clear. >> translation: the question is europe or a new confrontation. the premier has been constantly trying to build the empire. because of a split, the church is divided.
some priests criticised european integration. some reporting to moscow claim not to be taking sides. >> translation: all of them. our children are believers and we'll treat them like christians in a christian way. >> the greek catholic church showed support on kiev's independent squarely being there. >> the political crisis could reach such proportions in the ukraine. it's impossible for faith to stay out of the equation. >> on the square they fear the corruption of the ukrainian state. others fear the corrupting influence of liberal europe. ukraine is facing a moral and a political struggle and the faithful know this too well. >> in the news ahead - germany is likely to get a new
the top stories this saturday on al jazeera. the body of nelson mandela is about to be flown to his ancestral village ahead of his funeral. south africa's a.n.c. party held a farewell ceremony for nelson mandela. >> thousands of people in bogota have protested against the sacking of their mayor. gustavo petro is accused of
acting illegally while trying to buy off private garbage collection contractors. >> a massive demonstration in kiev. the opposition failing to reach an agreement. a pro-government demonstration planned for sunday adding to the tensions. >> later on saturday germany may get a ruling coalition after three months of deadlock. if the social democrats join, there'll be new policies, one maybe benefitting immigrants. >> in berlin neighbourhood, this man works as a tailor since coming from turkey. he had to give up his turkish passport a long time ago to become german. that hurts him. >> translation: my routes are my roots.
i'll be nostalgic. i don't understand why it should bother the government if i belong to two countries. >> the turkish came in the '60s and '70s, labour for the post-wore miracle. they were called guest workers. the assumption was they'd go home. most stayed. gradually they have been given immigration status. now they are on the verge of another important step forward. a new grand coalition will allow children of immigrants to hold dual citizenship. until now most this to choose whether to become german or take the original nationality of their parents. for germany's turkish minority it's a significant change. also we met the lawyer who helped negotiate the deal. >> i would appreciate if the
germans would say yes, you are allowed to have the citizen because you are a german, but at the same time i think this could be a very respectful political symbol. >> not everyone is happy. outside the headquarters a demonstration by some in the turkish community, complaining that the new law is a messy compromise, because it won't help children over 23. >> i belong to both culture. i should have rights. >> they say it will integrate them into society. everyone has to wait to see if the party members voted yes.
>> iraq - masked gunmen killed 18 working on a gas pipeline in the north-east. 15 of the workers were from iran, laying the foundations for a pipeline that will transport gas from iran to iraq. >> in egypt two protesters have been killed in fighting between supporters in proponents of the deposed president mohamed morsi. these pictures show demonstrators in support of mohamed morsi. tear gas was fired. similar scenes in cairo with anti-coup protests. 16 people were injured, more than 50 arrested there. hundreds of thousands of syrian refugees seeking shelter in lebanon are facing a battle. children are struggling to cope with the harsh winter weather sweeping through the middle east. we have the report from the
bekaa valley. >> syrian refugees struggle to keep the snow off their doorstep and out of their home. despite freezing temperatures most of the children at this camp have no clothes, proper shoes or socks. is 11-year-old azan says there's not a heater in his family tent, only a few blankets to wrap themselves with at night. aid agencies tried to alleviate some of the suffering, offering extra blankets. it's hardly enough. senna is five months pregnant and said her 11-month-old has diarrhoea and has been coughing for the past week. no duration are available. >> lebanese officials are frustrated, saying the international community is available. only half the money promised had
been given. lebanese say alone they can't meet the needs of hundreds of thousands. >> it's hard for the newcomers, who are not registered as refugees and are not entitled to help. this woman came two weeks ago with her husband and three children. her eldest son is 14. he's traumatised. he was so cold he started crying hard, wanting to go back to syria, to our old home. it's destroyed by the war. winter has begun. the know is not likely to melt away soon. >> cotton farmers across india are feeling the pinch. they produced bumper crops but many are struggling to make a profit. with a dwindling workforce of cotton pickers some are considering leaving the
industry. >> this report in the western side of the country. >> cotton fields for as far as the eyes can see. india produces 477 kilograms of cotton per heck tare. there are 11 million. supporting 70 million farmers and over 400 million others in related arse. it generates over 1 billion u.s. for the indian economy. it's big business. new seedlings have been planted. they take time to mature. thousands of acres of land has been prepared for the next cycle of cotton. it's been a difficult year. producers are wondering whether growing the crop was worth their while. farmers lost 75% of his crop.
he's not the only farmer suffering. cultivating takes time, money and labour. people are needed to pick it. demands are becoming harder to meet. >> pickers are hard to find. there's more money in other industries. this is tough work. profit margins are low. i tell investors not to invest in this work. >> in some cases landowners pay advances to staff to stay in the area to help them but throughout the year to till the ground. >> i knew we could get good money, we never get the rate from cotton traders. our outlays eat into many profits i make. many members are in debt. >> india is a the second largest producer of cotton after the usa. if it wants to maintain its position, the government will
need to address the issues cotton farmers face. if not, the government will see this, former cotton fields growing cash crops. less labour intensive with higher profit margins. >> mr patel took those steps. many more cotton farmers pay follow him. >> and a report as part of a series. the next is in the united states, which is actuality the world's largest exporter of cotton, and the industry there heavily subsidised leading other countries to accuse of it unfair trade practices. that report on sunday. >> china's lunar mission spent the last eight days. in the coming hours it will make attempts to land on the lun or service. it will be the first controlled landing on the moon. the chinas quest could spoil the
results of a wonderful mission. the delicate task of bringing a 1200 kilogram spacecraft on the moon's surface. it will be a breakthrough moment. around 50km above the moon's service. for the last month it's been studying dust and the thin lunar atmosphere. there are fears that the chinese landing could jeopardise that mission. >> we are contaminating with the rocket fuel of the spacecraft which is landing, contaminating the atmosphere of his month. we said that would be spoiling the experiment of the nasa. >> others suggest the chinese mission is a gift for the americans, as it gives them a chance to track a real-life landing. >> it's been there and operating for a while before the rover
lands. they can see the before and after and watch how long it takes for the dust to settle out and exhaust fumes to dissipate. it provide a nice test. the lock of coordination between the two missions represents a broader mistrust between the u.s. and china. china has not been involved in the international space station. add to this new laws to prevent spying but stopped nasa funds from being used. >> as the chinese space agency developments they'll come to review that. some would benefit scientifically. >> more than 40 years ago they explored the moon with this buggy. it was examined up to 100
metres. what mineral resources it finds will be of interest not just to china, but the americans too. >> so much more news we know that on al jazeera go to aljazeera.com. i'll break it down for you. also the boss is watching you, american workers under surveillance on the job like never before. what you don't know about cracking technology, bus i go one-on-one with former president jimmy cart for set the record straight for america on apartheid and nelson mandela. i'm ali velshi, and this is "real money." >> this is "real money."