tossed mubarak from power. >> the barricades rejecting the president's latest peace offering. plus, in the on the guest list. violence erupts in convenient i. >> we have all the sports including the new women's champion in melbourne. all the action and reaction later in the program. >> the moment that many thought would never come. after three bloody years and 100,000 deaths the two sides in syria's bitter civil war have sat down for talks.
neither side is speaking to one another. they're speaking through brahimi. >> what have we been saying from these two sides today. >> both sides interpreting geneva one i i in a very differt way. geneva i calls for setting up the transitional body with full executive powers. there is an army, institutions, schools, healthcare, the government is still paying salaries. so he doesn't feel that a transitional body is needed. they'll discuss the terminology of geneva i and offer their constants.
now the opposition came here as part of a political process to find an end to this war. very conflicting agendas with the government stressing time and time again. the priority should be to focus on the fight against terrorism. so they've been exchanging accusations, blaming each other, really, and calling each other terrorists. these two warring sides are supposed to be making peace, but as of yet they have not started negotiating peace. >> the regime has to allow people to have food. we cannot use starvation has a weapon in this struggle. that is unacceptable today. so that's part of the consultation. the other part is releasing prisoners of conscience. there are a huge number of them. we're expecting to see women and children released first, and then the west will come. so the today and tomorrow the
focus will be on this consultation. negotiations will start on monday and these negotiations are about forming transitional governing body. >> we have to discuss the whole package. plus of course we may have reservations with regard to this point and that point, but we will discuss everything on time. today today we will not get into the substance. today is about formalities. >> today it's a slow-moving process, but let's look ahead into the possibilities that something does come up even if it is just on the humanitarian side of this argument. how difficult is it going to be to implement on the ground? 7. >> well, the second session is supposed to get under way any minute now. what we understand from the opposition is there will be a proposal for a cease-fire.
we understand that they're going to put this on the table. when we asked them how are you going to guarantee that this truce can be implemented on the ground, the smc has very little influence on the ground. the response we got was that you will see, we have spoken to those on the ground, but we're hoping the regime will stop bombarding these areas. this is going to be a test. it will be very difficult. we understand that there won't an political deal at the end of these meetings, but maybe short-term deals alleviate the plight of millions of syrians, possibly opening humanitarian corridors. it has been made clear that they are not here to discuss the transition but to open
humanitarian corridors. they have said time and time again there have been ups and downs, but the process remains on track. >> we're expecting to hear from the u.n. negotiator, in a few hour's time, and we'll bring that to you as it happens. well, inside syria no let up in the violence. [ explosions ] >> reporter: now, we're unable to independently verify this footage, but it does appear to show military helicopters dropping bombs. this is mostly under rebel control. fighter jets have reportedly carried out airstrikes i in aleppo, also a rebel stronghold in the north of the country. in the past few days we've seen further violence.
most of the city is under government control. the old corridor remains in rebel hands. opposition leaders in geneva are proposing a cease-fire in that city. multiple explosions in egypt on the day the country is marking the third anniversary of the revolution that swept mubarak from power. a second bomb followed also in the east of the city. the third bomb went off later on saturday in the port city of suez. at least four people have died in clashes with police and anti-government protesters. police fire tear gas dispersed demonstrators in central cairo. thousands of military and government supporters are also gathering across the capitol. we've got mike in the studio for us reporting expensiv extensivem
cairo. first of all, can we look at these protests 37 are you able to give us idea of who is out on the streets. >> it's a mixture of people and no greater sign of a divided nation than the fact that many of the people are celebrating what they see as a successful revolution. many are protesting against what they see as a hijacking of the revolution. interim government put in place by the military. very much a reminder of divisions on this particular day. those supporting the interim government are out there celebrating. they're out in tahrir square, and we've seen those opposed to the interim government and opposed to those who bring us into power. there have been tear gassing, and one remembe must remember tt they're not only are they armed with a tear gas.
>> they are demonstrating against the government, and seeing this coordinated series of attacks yesterday and today. we have seen this rise in violence since morsi was ousted back in july, but never quite to this extent. >> reporter: not to this coordinated extent it would appear, and within the capitol of the nation itself in cairo. a number of explosions yesterday two more minor ones in the course of this day. but the number of them and particular venue of them, the fact that this is happening in cairo is a very strong signal to the interim government that there are those within the country who are intent on upsetting it and destroying whatever process the interim government and military backers must have in mind. one must be very cautious about portioning any form of political motive to those who are carrying out the bombining attacks. there a has been a claim of responsibility from an
organization that has been operating in a period of time. the muslim brotherhood itself is an organization which the interim government has been pointing as responsible for these attacks has been absolutely adamantly protesting each of these attacks every time they have happened. so one has to be very cautious in terms of understanding the motives of those carrying out these particular bombings, and it's not necessarily judicious to throw in the bombings along with the protests that have been taking place. they may not be operating with the same motives and the same intent. >> yet, is this in the government's interest to do just that, to link these two vents together? >> yes, the government has been arguing very strongly while it has introduced what has been regarded as draconian legislation, as a wave of anti-terror laws as they have described them, and the muslim brotherhood has been completely
outlawed. the interim government said this is necessary in which true democracy. at the same time. double edgdouble-edge sword, its undermining the security that it proposes, and it is not succeeded in what it is meant to do, which is to create a secure environment or so it says because there is a potential cause of ongoing security. >> thanks very much for joining us here in the studio. al jazeera is untieable report inside cairo itself because our reporters have been held for 28 days. they're accused of spreading lies and joining a terrorist group. allegations al jazeera says are totally unfounded. two other journalists from our
sister channel are also being held. they have been detained for over five months. well, peter greste has written about his experiences in four weeks in jail. in a letter on the internet he describes his life in prison and the relief found in the prison yard. he said i want to cling onto these tiny joys and i want to protect them almost as much as i want my freedom back. he continues, i have sought until now to fight my imprisonment quietly from within to make the authorities understand that this is all a terrible mistake. this is a dangerous situation. it valley ladies th validates te and my colleagues and the
freedom of egypt. i have no interest in supporting the muslim brotherhood. but as a journalist i'm committed to the freedom of the press that no one in my profession can credibly work without. one deemed vital to any open democracy including egypt with its new constitution. you can read the full transcript of peter greste's letter on www.aljazeera.com: the libyan foreign ministry has confirmed five egyptian staff have been kidnapped in the capitol of tripoli. the egyptian attache were among those abducted. ukraine anti-government protesters after rejecting the president's latest peace offering.
>> reporter: nora, thank you. the demonstrators say it's too little too late after viktor yanukovych said he would amendment a law and reshuffle his cabinet. protests have spread to a number of cities around the country. al jazeera's nick schifrin is in receive. take us through the developments with the latest there. >> reporter: yes, the very latest development is a bit of a surprise, talks have resumed between the president and leaders of the opposition. there have been talks before which frankly went nowhere, and were followed by violence on the streets of kiev and the deaths of a number of protesters. many more regional administrative buildings have been seized. he has also been losing
personnel, members of his party of reagents have left. as well as a greater part of the presidential press service. so there is a certain amount of pressure on the president. certainly the people down on the barricades which i visited this morning, are gearing up and reinforcing fortification should there be any more attacks by the police forces. they're reacting to the reality of increasingly losing ground geographically and politically in this country. >> yes, you mentioned the pressure on the president, a significant figure has broken his silence about the stand off. tell us a little bit about that. >> it's ukraineed richest man worth around $15 billion who hails from the east of the country significantly as does president yanukovych.
what is most significant he is his biggest financial backer and biggest financial backer of the party of regents. he has said that the use of force is unacceptable, and that a peaceful solution could be found. now significantly because he could have just sat on the fence and said nothing. there have been people demonstrating outside his home in london where some $200 million calling on him to speak out, hoping to put pressure on president yanukovych, what the real relations of the two men are at this point. of course, it's unknown. but the fact that they chose to speak out apparently on the side of demonstrators by saying the use of force is unacceptable, and the government saying the use of force may be required is something that could change the situation as the billionaire businessmen play a huge role in
political life in the ukraine. >> president yanukovych has made these concessions and the protesters have said that is not enough. is there a resolution likely at all? >> you talk to the protesters and the end game they want is yanukovych's departure. it's that simple. they're not happy with the cabinet reshuffle, however how is he going to leave office with his head held high. and his son has flourished under his father's presidency. many people feel that his money was not acquired i in the most honest of ways.
they want to make sure that money that was accrued by members of his family is protected, and i wants to be sure that he won't come under harassment in the future. this is the kind of thing that will be discussed with members of the option. this is not just an ukraine story. the united states saying they might be looking at the visas of top officials of ukraine wanting to travel, and they are saying that they may wanting to through people with a fine tooth comb. creating jobs, employment remains a major issue. delegates say they're particularly focused on tackling youth unemployment. that's something that has hit
the eurozone hard. >> this is not going to be solved by government. this is not going to be solved by business. it's not going to be solved by ngos. it's a ability to create innovation and allow companies to create jobs and have the appropriate training and development programs, and for businesses to step up and make sure that they take their fair share and taking some of these youth off the unemployment rolls so they get some experience. >> serbia is headed towards election as they make the push to take the top job. the serbian progressive party has. clamoring for an early poll saying that it want to speed up major reform. the country is recovering from a decade of war and isolation in the 1960's. a coalition of formal lies who died while on trial for
alleged war crimes. theserbia is in talks with the european union hoping to become a member. here's what the prime minister had to say on saturday. >> i will propose it tomorrow at the meeting of the party presidency to confirm the will of the people. >> okay, the deputy prime minister speaking there. let's go to belgrade, how significant is this, calling this snap pole especially with european talks going on? >> well, apparently there will be hardly any changes in serbia's e.u. path because all political parties in serbia besides one are actually and publicly because o all of them
would like to have serbia in the e.u. the current government is supportive and would like to see this path towards the e.u. continue because they would like to see serbia with a different set of laws. with a different value of standards functioning inside the country. that's the reason why they would like to become members of the e.u. not just because of that, they would like to be minute of bigger european club of european family, which will decide about the fate of not just the area but the entire region. they would like to be part of the decision, and not to be side lines. that's why the majority parties, they would like to see serbia
continue that path. so after these elections, which will probably be scheduled for march 16th, i don't think that there is any major or significant changes of the e.u. path will happen for serbia. >> okay, thank you. live for us there in belgrade. and i'll have more news from europe later in this news hour. for now it's back to laura. >> thanks very much. a politician has been hacked to death as he got out of a taxi in bangui. his father-in-law managed to escape. nine other people were killed in other parts of the capitol. as muslim gangs roamed the street. they have been asked by the president to lay down their
weapons. the central african republic has suffered from political instability since it's indians from france in 1960. many people still look back to a late national hero and wonder what would have happened had he lived long. >> a memorial to the father 69 nation in a small village where he was born. killed in a plane crash in 1959 on the eve of independence, and mourned by his people ever since. he was the catholic preach who campaigned for freedom from the french. he could have been a giant of african liberation, equal to congo's mumba if not for his premature and tragic death. in the village the deputy mayor remainders him and wonders where things went wrong for this country. >> if he could see what is
happening now, the desolation, the criminality, it would hurt him old people are hiding in the bush. it makes no sense. he didn't like violence. [♪ music ] >> reporter: the capitol bangui pays homage. his reputation towers above that of other leaders like dictators. the flag he designed in the 1950's is still the national flag today. we'll never really know what sort of president he might have been. but we do know that those who came after him failed in different ways.
>> we regret his death. if only he had lived ten more years, we would not be in this situation today. >> in the village the deputy mayor wants me to see his private papers, or what's left of them. seleka militia has burned them. he doesn't know why. history destroyed, the present in ruins. the ghost of the past can't rescue the central african republic. it's people need new heroes. >> well, the president of afghanistan said he won't sign a security deal with the united states until there is a genuine
peace process with the taliban, and hamid karzai warned he will not sign anything under pressure. >> this relationship which benefits them cannot come at the cost of the lives of the people of afghanistan. it cannot come at the cost of the lives of women and children of afghanistan. we want peace and security for the people of afghanistan. without that it's better to leave and leave afghanistan to it's on future. >> there has been an escalation of violence by the taliban. a series of suited and bomb attacks have injured 50 people in several days. the ] has called on the government of myanmar to investigate reports of violence against a minority.
more than 48 people were reportedly killed in the last month. still to come in new hour, homes auctioned off many greeks say they're being made homeless by a new property tax. and in sports sergio garcia wins in a thrilling playoff. all those details later in the program. al jazeera america. we open up your world. >> here on america tonight, an opportunity for all of america to be heard. >> our shows explore the issues that shape our lives. >> new questions are raised about the american intervention. >> from unexpected viewpoints to live changing innovations, dollars and cents to powerful storytelling. >> we are at a tipping point in
america's history! >> al jazeera america. there's more to it. there's more to finical news than the ups and downs of the dow. for instance, can fracking change what you pay for water each month? have you thought about how climate change can effect your grocery bill? could rare minerals in china effect your cell phone bill? or, how a hospital in texas could drive up your health care premium. i'll make the connections from the news to your money real. in the village the deputy mayor remembers him an
>> our journalists are the best journalists in the world. >> she's the first female executive editor of the new york times. >> there's no question that the editorial stance is a liberal point of view. >> the head of the paper of record goes on the record with talk to al jazeera. only on al jazeera america. >> hello again. these are our top stories on al jazeera. for the first time in the three-year war syria warring factions have sat down together. they are not talking with each other in geneva. four people have been killed in egypt. three bombs exploded on the third anniversary of the start of the up rising which overthrew
hosni mubarak. and anti-government protesters in ukraine, you can see reinforcing their barricades and rejecting the president's latest peace offerings as too little, too late. viktor yanukovych said he would amend the anti-protest law and reshovel his cabinet. let's get more on egypt the third anniversary of the start of the revolution that forced hosni mubarak from office. we go to omar. we see all these people out on the streets of egypt. some are celebrating, some protesting where the country is today. if we look at the big picture for a moment what do you think about the state of egypt three years after the ousting of mubarak? >> i think egypt is passing
through one of the most dangerous episodes of its history. it appears the hopes for justice and democracy, and more or less a form of present government, but right now the two periods between 2011 to july 2013 you saw deep polarizations. yes, there were freedoms and at the same time there were very bitter rivalries between political rivals, and the military that never really left the scene. they decided to take over again and come forward. this was followed by a period of unprecedented oppression.
there is no comparison between what happened especially 52 and 54 and what happened following the july 2013 where you saw hundreds killed publicl publicle streets in front of cameras. you see on the pictures on one side there is live music an, ann the other side just a few hundred meters away the other protesters are getting live bullets instead of live music because they're chanting against general al sisi. >> he is the man in charge and there is talk of him running for president if elections happen.
if he gets into power will we see egypt going back to square one? >> i think it will be--you know, we have patterns here. when you see elected institutions getting removed by military force and then the head of the military force taking over, you see that as we saw in spain after the franco takeover. we have you that in 1973, you see general bashir in sudan, in 1989. these are all generals that took over the country, oppressed the others and the unfolding was never democracy. >> but when you look at the people of egypt, the egyptian society, we do see people out protesting against al sisi. but over all as we look at the population as a whole are they
more interested in seeing a secure government, an government in which they can get on with their lives. >> yes, that's true. the society is divided. all of the dimensions where they had societal sort. the military used to have societal support. even in greece, and in 2013 this was the days of the hunter, when the coup happened, so you always have society support military rule because that brings security and prosperity. but this is a meth. they brought neither stability and security. they brought oppression and corruption. and the guys in the uniform were quashed and instead of bringing stability to the country, it really doesn't happen.
what rings transparen--what br security, this is what we're not seeing in egypt at the moment. >> thank you very much. very interesting speaking with you. social media played an important role in the egyptian revolution. every twist and turn was broadcast and commented upon across twitter, youtube and facebook. we have been investigating the role of social media in egypt. >> egypt's revolution gave social media credibility. they got a very good sense of the power of the medium. if we go back to the time should a tweet be in the news?
is it valid? >> now we know it is, and it gave us our start. >> one thing that is important for us on this program and our al jazeera english programs, let's go back over the last three years, what does it mean to you? >> we've seen this common vision and goal divided into many pieces. >> the fighting in egypt, the muslim brotherhood and army, and the release is in between them. they're basically being called killed. >> i have pain white friend, but we believe the future is ourselves and we'll win this one. >> he said he had many friends in prison, and they are not alone. in this werwe havet trending has in prison now awaiting trial.
>> so we're looking at the anniversary of the arab spring revolution. but january 28th is big deal. that's when egypt actually went off line. the internet was turned off look at other countries during that year that also went off line. and it will bring us up-to-date to 2013. we're also looking at iran and sudan that went off line for the last couple of months. >> and major impact. the introduction of tools to help people make change. this was started in 2008 after the fall of mubarak to identify state security officers accused of torturing independent
civilians. this one is a twitter account that people. protests can tweet to for protection against sexual harassment. and this allows a contact list that they have been arrested. >> we like to look at what goes viral. 33,100,000 hits on youtube, this is called january 25th. this was trending. this was viral. >> world leaders now can see people [♪ music ] >> released february 7, 2011.
back to doha. >> violence has broken out in austria's capitol, back to selena with details. >> what started out as a protest turned into running street battles in vienna in which police officers were injured and many were arrested. we have this report. >> they were the uninvited guests who came in the thousands to protest agains and send a clr message that they and their followers are not welcome in vienna. 20,000 police were on patrol, and parts of it were cordoned off. anger among some demonstrators did spill over with bottles thrown and shock from damage. there were several arrests and injuries. ithe ball was organized by the
right wing party. it won a fifth of the vote in last elections. >> we want to stop it because many extreme right student corporations and members of the fbo. it's the link between the parliamentary extreme right, which is accepted, and violent right wing organizations. >> reporter: the leader of the freedom party condemned potential violence. the fascism of the 21st further. the event was held just days before international holocaust people to remember those killed by the nazis. >> in greece hundreds of thousands of homeowners are struggling to pay a new tax
introduced by the government trying t. >> her father gathered all that he had saved as a copper minor in south africa and moved his family to greece. they invested everything in real estate hoping to build a better life in their native land. in the crisis she and her husband have lost their jobs and they can't pay for their home. if they don't way the government could take their home. >> this is a sue sure of my property and my parents' property which they earned working so hard overseas. after taking our savings they found a way to take whatever else we have. >> alianni has sought help for championing the cost of
homeowners. they say the taxes aren't fair because they know that everyone can't pay i. so it cuts it in two parts. those who are going to pay the tax, and the others who are not going to pay, and they'll lose their property because they won't pay the tax. you're creating a rupture. prices have fallen by almost a third in six years. but the fortunate has little choice. it was demand and that it earns 4 billion each year. >> what bother greeks is that the government is not just taxing current earnings but r retaxing past income that has been past.
>> we see the number of people who have debts, and it's very characteristic that we have 200,000 people fewer owing to the tax office. so this is beginning to make a difference. >> it seems that greeks will do what it takes to preserve their property. aliani and her husband may go back to south africa to find work effectively what her father did i, repatriating income to support the greek economy. >> finally from europe, one smell of a problem outside hamburg in germany about 4 million leaders has liquid manure hazard accidently been touched around the land. a broken valve is being trained.
well, you're up-to-date with the news from laura. >> neck we'll be taking the train in china along with hundreds of millions of workers off on holiday for the lunar new year. it's a quite twice enbore in sport. there will be nor celebrations in china. their colden grade lena will accepted fans into a frenzy at melbourne park. al jazeera america gives you the
. >> the year of the bull is about to begin, and in china that means the biggest migration on the planet for the lunar new year. many will crisscross china to get back to their families. in some areas the standing room only for many. >> the 50-year-old much to lives in her home village but for the past decade she has worked in beijing as a cleaner seven days a week earning $600 a month. >> it's much easier to make money in beijing and then spend it in your hometown. >> a part of the great lunar new year migration where hundreds of millions of chinese migrants head back to their village's from the country's economic zones. 3.6 billion trips will be taken in the next 40 days making the
spring holiday the biggest migration of people on the planet. >> from beijing, sometimes it's 39 sometimes even more than 40 hours. to my hometown is another three hours by bus. >> the need for rail travel is high. 280 million tickets will be sold but it's only a fraction of demand. for most passengers on this train its standing room only. >> it's 3:00 in the morning. it's bitterly cold, and the bathrooms have just stopped working. but that's the reality for 1800 passengers on this train, and as you can see for most there is very few places for them to sleep. the for 25 u.s. dollars you get standing room only. >> china has spent billions modernizing it's rail network. it has added 100,000 kilometers of tracks. the gains are impressive but
there are still not enough trains to cope with the holiday rush. the over land train drops every hour oh dropping off and picking up new passengers. by the time it arrives in chendou, it has dropped off and picked up a million passengers. >> you could not take a good rest on the train. it was very noisy. >> more than 800 buses are deployed. they have two buses to catch, the small county of just 860,000 people. from here the couple negotiate the fair for a mini cab ride to the village. it's just a short 30 minute journey to their home. they gather outside of the family court yard. the travel sacrifice that they
have made reunite four generations of family. it's a sacrifice made by hundreds of millions across the country every spring holiday every chinese new year. >> extraordinary journey. now let's go to sport with more big news from china. >> more celebrations will continue in china as their golden girl alina has won her second grand slam title at the australian open the number four seed was playing their third final in four years. but the second set was a different story. lee breaking her slovakian opponent as she cruised to
victory. >> i have to say this is my favorite. i am so happy i can win title here. i cannot wait and looking for a comeback. >> our correspondent was at the melbourne park where it all happened. >> the final score line makes it look as show she had an easy win. even though her win was emphatic in the end, there were genuinely tense moments. the atmosphere was quite incredible. particularly in the upper sections of the crowd. those are the seats sold in the last couple of days. the big chinese community here in australia, and they were out in force. when she won the first tense tie break, they erupted. chinese flags waving and that
whole section of crowd up on their feet. and this is what some of the chinese fans said to me as they left the stadium. >> it's huge, huge. i love her. sheriffshe was awesome. fantastic. >> we're excited about today. and this is a third time but feel lucky. >> so a big moment for fans of chinese tennis. her second grand slam following her win at the french open in 2011. big commercial opportunities for companies trying to get into china. during the match you may have noticed some of the mandarin writing around the court. this is a big moment for tennis in china and advertisers as well as fans know it. >> sergio garcia has won the title after playoffs.
the paraffined level at 16 under par it took three extra holes to separate the two golfers. garcia left with the simplest of puts to win his 11th european tour title. having already won the right to host the world cup qatar is now turning its attention to quiccricket. it is hoping top level mens cricket is not far behind women's. >> international cricket has arrived in qatar as the gulf state builds on the success of the games and puts the host of the 2022 world football cup qatar now plans to flash into so
cricket. >> the international stadium with the hope of increasing the popularity of this game and attracting more world class cricket. >> this will bring another to bring more tournaments in qatar. >> it was just a dream to have a football world cup here. what is your dream for cricket in qatar. >> cricket world cup. >> qatar's more immediate goal is to showcase one day matches. they're confident this will soon be a reality. the fan base is already in place. they are ecstatic about the prospect. >> i am very good feeling. >> we are really happy to support here, and it has grown really nice. >> qatar is hoping to become a second home for men's cricket team.
they play their matches in the u.a.e. because of security problems at home. >> with nations like south africa and other teams we want them to come out and play with us. >> qatar needs one more stadium before it's recognized as an international venue for men's game. the event many believe is just a matter of time. >> it's been amazing. we didn't know what to expect coming to qatar, the conditions, but it's been amazing. >> qatar came out i on top and they hope the men's team will come as well. >> south africa's grant baker has won the mavericks big wave contest. organizers called the event 48 hours in advance to be assured the waves were set to be the biggest in the world. we have reports from california. >> they say it's the mt. everest
for surfers, and an invitational only event a select brave few gather. hawai'i may be the obvious destination for surfers, but it is northern california that boasts some of the biggest and potentially dangerous waves. surfers ride down 40 feet wall of water. waves so powerful they show up on earthquake monitors in francisco bay area. >> we're taking a huge risk with our lives, but the guys who do this really, really enjoy it. we're out there and feel comfortable. >> you never know who is rising up. it's something that it's party of your dna if you love it or not. >> and at sunrise with little ceremony the best of the best pushed off to face the sound the
fury. the mythic waves are offshore sometimes as much as two miles out 2345 in the open sea discovered only in 1975. during the competition the beach is closed to spectators for safety. fans party and watch the contest here onshore. the closest they can get to maverick. >> oh, it's absolutely amazing. it's incredible. they say the olympics surfing and it's so true. >> it's incredible to watch but also for apartment participants. they say they come to wide the wave but to survive it. >> thank you very much. that's it for us, too, here. stay with us, though, we'll be back for another full bulletin of news right ahead.