have you with us. the show may be over but the conversation continues. you can see us on twitter @ajconsiderthis. we'll see you next time. is. >> good evening everyone this is al jazeera america. i'm john siegenthaler in new york. near miss over the skies of florida the very close call between a jet liner and a drone. advance warning. could the kidnapping of the 276 school girls in nigeria have been stopped? plus our special report, what you don't know about boko haram. made money, the real cost of fake cash and you'll be surprised just how easy it is to print. plus in person. facebook friends that's one
thing. meeting them is another. and one man is going on a cross-country trip to remember. >> we begin saturday night with this close call between a commercial flight and a drone tch it appears the first time a passenger jet here in america almost collided with a small unmanned aircraft. we have a lot to get to right now but first we will talk live to a foreigner -- former american airlines pilot jay roland. but richelle carey with what we know. >> this is pretty jarring. march 22nd he came extremely close to what he called a small remotely pilotaircraft. about 2300 feet above the
ground. tallahassee, florida. the incident became public knowledge just earlier this week. jim roland of the federal aviation association reported this. it was so close to his jet he thought for sure he had collided with it. it was a 50-seater from charlotte, north carolina to tallahassee, the pilot described it as small and camouflaged. according to the faa the drone sounds like a model aircraft flown by a hobbyist. whether it was civilian or government. authorities worry the risk of the drone being sucked into the engine is very real. according to the faa, it should be a thousand feet vertically and many miles apart laterally.
mairn airlines is investigating this -- american airlines is investigating this problem. can you imagine? >> richelle, thank you. jay raulins, welcome. >> thank you very much john. >> how do you view this problem, how big is the problem? >> well, it isn't a problem yet because they haven't really gotten the uavs integrated into the air space but as they do i suspect this will become more and more of a problem. the faa is working on exactly what regulations will be in place to keep those aircraft separated from manned aircraft so to speak. but there will be inevitable close calls because you will have helicopters operating the off-airport locations. >> just down the street from our studio in new york there is a
store that sells drones, they are drones can you get for several hundred dollars that go up several hundred feet high. it seems to me if birds are a concern you know in airports going into engines that these drones could very quickly become a concern for faa. >> well, you're absolutely right. right now, the faa allows recreational use like you're describing. they're supposed to be keeping those aircraft below 400 feet and away from airports without special numents had they're -- special announcements they're going to be using them close to airports. we're also allowing some police departments to use drones. bullets sooner or later they'll come into commercial use and that's where you'll goin see hundreds if not -- going osee hundreds if not thousands across the country. >> you don't think hobbyists are a problem? >> they are a bit of a problem right now but the devices
generally have not created a big issue up to this point. i think that the faa is concerned with the increasing numbers, though, that they will. >> all right, as a pilot, if a drone you know comes near your commercial jet liner, what sort of damage, what sort of problems could it cause? >> well, it's a big problem. just like the large birds caused a great problem for the sulle sullenberger flight, that u.s. airways that landed in the hudson river, if a bird did that to a jet engine, imagine the same problem with a small aircraft like that, that's made of plastic and lithium batteries, all of that going into a jet engine is sure to cause havoc. >> we have a lot of airlines up in the skies, you look at those maps, you see how many jet liners are all over the skies in
make today. -- in america today. you are saying when there's an increase in commercial use for these drones this is going to become a much, much bigger problem. >> that's what the faa is trying to head off. there's a big exhibition later this month. i was also reading of an incident that occurred with alitalia, near jfk earlier. this is not a huge problem but we can expect it to increase. the faa is going ohave to work that out. did nothing else, all aircraft are supposed to be able to visually see all aircraft. even professional drones the pilots are located someplace else and they can only see what the tv cameras are allowing them
to see outside the aircraft. in some cases they're talking about adding extra planes, extra drones alongside the other one so they can serve as a lookout. they have to work that out, coordinating it with the airlines with the users of the air space from police departments, the tv news stations, all of the user, general aviation have to be coordinated with these things being introduced into u.s. air space. >> it sounds like something the faa is going ohave to work out. jay, thank you very much. >> thank you. >> a developing story in virginia, a hot air balloon hit a power line catching fire. there's a picture. according to police there were three people on board, one pilot, two other individuals, so far no wreckage, the people on board have been found. it happened on eve of the mid atlantic balloon festival. now to nigeria where new evidence suggests the military
knew about boko haram's plan to abduct hundreds of school girls from a school in chibak. borno state where chibak is, credit officials knew but failed to act. amnesty international backs this up. yvonne ndege reports. >> are nigeria's military ignored twarnlings had boko haram was -- warnings that boko haram was about to attack this school. >> they were out-gunned and by the number of boko haram fighters who attacked the town and they had to flee for their lives together with some other villagers who fled to the bush. and that is a shocking revelation. we have been repeatedly calling
on the nigerian authorities to provide adequate security for people of nigeria. and especially for schools because these schools have become vulnerable targets in the past couple of years. >> reporter: the you nierch government's response have -- the nigerian government's response last led to proses across the country. president goodluck jonathan admits he doesn't know where they are. specialists are in nigeria to help with the search. the nigerian government says it will investigate claims the military ignored warnings of an attack. if the claims are substantiated, it may continue the outrage. ee scroyvonne ndege, al jazeera. >> in crimea today a celebratory
visit from russian president vladimir putin touring the region for the first time since it became part of his country. nadi manufacturdim bab afertion. >> hours after tenant victory celebration in moscow, as he alluded to crimea annexation just a month ago. >> i'm sure 2014 will go down into the annals of the country, where crimea dpirml -- firmly decided to become part of russia. >> earlier in the day a much larger than normal march watched by thousands of people. here in sevastopol they are also celebrating 70 years since the
soviet army lib ratethe city from the nazis. many spectators drew parallels to break away as well. >> now i understand what they felt during their victory day. and when peace returns to ukraine, will celebrate their victory day. >> reporter: the day's especially poignant for veterans like ivan who several in world war ii. he's thinking of more recent events leer. >> translator: crimea became russian without the use of any force. there have been stories of people with force. it's all nonsense. >> reporter: for russians it's the day to celebrate the disappearance of fascism.
nadim baba al jazeera sevastopol. >> joining the chorus of the resignation of eric shinnseki, 40 people died for va appointments in phoenix. >> it took months for you them to see him. it took months. they wouldn't call us back. finally when they did -- >> towel town hall meeting with senator john mccain. reports of va problems are surfacing nationwide. mccain vowed to get answers and stopped short of joining the call for shinseki to step down. president obama stepped inside a walmart store today. obama announced he's bypassing congress. to try lower energy cost.
mike viqueria has more. >> it's another example of president obama going around congress to enact his agenda. this time on the environment. in california today the president announcing moves to promote solar energy. among them $2 billion to increase energy efficiency in federal buildings. support for training programs at community colleges around the country, training programs involving solar energy and new standards for electric motors including the type among them that power escalators, walk in freezers and coolers. he's also encouraging the use of solar power in public housing where the federal government last a stake and touting the increased use of solar in major american businesses like walmart. the president spoke at a walmart in mountain view california in the bay area where he hit republicans one more time for what he says their attitude towards global warning he says they have their head in the sand. >> unfortunately inside washington we still have some
climate deniers who shout loud but they're wasting everybody's time on a settled debate. >> in choosing walmart the president has a backlash, the low wages paid at walmart flies in the face of another president initiative, why and the white house has finally come through. they promised back in august that they were going to put solar panels on the roof of the warehouse. they put a video to credit announce those panels are now online. mike viqueria the white house. >> ranked the most dangerous place to work in america. the survey done 50 afl-cio points to north dakota's booming oil and gas industry. workers are flocking there for high risk high paying jobs. the death rate has doubled over the past be seven years. there are 18 deaths per 700
workers. compare that to texas which has only 5 deaths per thousand. millions are out of work and including many young people. in sacramento looking for job is taking a toll on some. melissa chan has the story. >> brian has spent the past year looking for a job and has had absolutely no luck. >> it's been a struggle and i've been looking for a job and put in applications and gotten virtually no responses. >> he now lives with his mother. >> i felt bad for him. you know i've always raised him to be very independent. and it's hard to do that if you can't support yourself. >> my mom's been wonderful. without her support, i might be -- dare say i might be homeless at this point because my mom's been so supportive. she's allowed me to stay here virtually rent free when i'm
trying to get back on my feet. >> he's heard the prediction that mil millennials will be the first generation in history to do worse than their parents economically. and he's heard the complaints that millennials look entitled and spoiled. >> you start to question yourself as an individual. >> while parts of the country have started to recover from the financial crisis the sacramento area is not one of them and continues to struggle with an unemployment rate higher than national average. it floats between 8 to 9% here and for millennials those between the ages of 18 and 31 it's even worse. almost 20% of them have no jobs in the sacramento region and almost 40% now live with their parents. according to the latest census, the damage can be permanent. >> for example, young people who enter the labor market during recession are observed with lower wages and higher
unemployment rates even years after the end of the recession. >> for the past two decades, places have trended apart from places like san francisco and the recession has made this be difference more dramatic and more poignant. >> the upside, the millennials tend to be amobile bunch. if you are a young person in a city like sacramento look around. extend your job search to nearby cities, consider moving to san francisco. the jobs here are plentiful and your career will benefit in the long run. >> that's exactly what he decided to do, apply for jobs in san francisco. >> you're going to do so well. >> and that's whether he got the call finally for a job interview in customer service approving at least for him that there's better look in the bay area. melissa chan al jazeera,
sacramento, california. >> the nba takes the next major step towards forcing los angeles clippers owner to sell the team. well-known corporate executive dick parsons, will oversee the daily operation of that franchise. sterling has been banned for life for make racist remarks. coming up counterfeit cash, bogus money can you tell which is face? next, finding facebook friends. the man traveling america to meet all of his facebook friends online.
>> counterfeiting u.s. currency may be easier today than ever before. half of all bogus cash confiscated last year was made on household ink jet or laser printers. the federal government recouped more than 88 million in counterfeit bills. of all the phony u.s. currency the $20 billion appears to be motion most common.
joining us is evie pomporu is, evie, welcome. >> hello. >> how big is this a problem in your opinion? >> this is a big problem because as technology advances and people from the luxury of their own homes to be able to create counterfeit currency, traditionalltraditionally creatn offset printer, now people can create currency and that's the epidemic problem. >> you give clerk $100 billion or $50 billion they sometimes hold it up to the light, what are they doing? >> when they hold it up to the light they are looking for that little strip of film that we see to make sure that each bill has that, that's emwednesday in the bill and they are also looking g
for the thread. somebody can take a bill, and print over it a $100 face. if you see that strip you want to look at the microprinting on the strip. if it's a $5 bill, it will say $5. but if it's a $100 bill you know it's counters fit. when they do it on an ink jet printer they will draw the threads in. so you can show the difference between counterfeit and genuine. >> they draw something with invisible ink on the bills, what are they doing there? >> there is an ink you request draw on and it will tell you whether the bill is genuine or not. but they can bleach the bill, put a different face on the
bill, taking a $100 will and making then a 100 bill. >> that's interesting. let's show a couple of these and we've got a graphic much one that is fake and one that's real. now, i know which one is fake. it's the one above. but can you explain how you identify what's fake and what's real in these $100 bills? >> you're correct, the top one is faked. first one you want to look at is the serial number. the treasury seal on the right, the letters db are exactly the same linear and evenly spaced across. they are not. they are slightly lower. the letters db are a different color ink than the rest of the serial number. the color green is supposed to be uniform. mean thing the db and all the numbers are supposed to nach-toh
the treasury seal above. >> i have a difficult time seeing the difference. one looks like a different color. is that the main difference? >> the color is the difference, if you don't know what to look for that's difference. if something is played in an ink jet printer, the black and the green will almost touch and bleed. however if it's a genuine currency, it will actually float over the green seal and that's how can you determine the difference prp. >> on some of the new $100 bills i'm seeing it looks like a high tech new design. can you explain that? >> they added colors and layers to make it much more difficult to retchly cait. green and white -- replicate.
what they're doing is adding a lot of different colors, hollowl hologr am scnches make it much more difficult for people to counterfeit. adding these layers for a counterfeiter to do too many things to make a strong genuine bill. >> we'll continue to collect that on other bills. thank you very much. >> thank you sir. how many facebook friends do you really know? one man decided to glump a car and track down all his 377 friends. first person report. >> recognized i had a lot of facebook fans and some of them had no knowledge about, no significant relationship at all. wondered if i could have some interactions and something more
than a facebook friendship on them. day zero, go hour drive bloomington minnesota to st. cloud, minnesota. i've committed to maybe 31 days being away from home from my wife. i had a lot lot of second-guessing when i was driving, wondered if i could do this even if i wanted to do it for a full month. that was a little scary to start. i had a good experience on the first day with my friend and made me feel just really comfortable with the distinction i made. from there i website to the west until i got to the ocean. went south and essentially just returned headed east went through utah, colorado, nebraska, iowa until i got back to minnesota. that first leg took 31 days. i've met about 100 of my facebook friends. when i started i had 302 facebook friends. it's about a third of the friends i've met.
launching violent attacks in nigeria. if i told you that a free ten-second test could mean less waiting for things like security backups and file downloads you'd take that test, right? well, what are you waiting for? you could literally be done with the test by now. now you could have done it twice.
>> boko haram, the ruthless radical group accused of kidnapping hundreds of school girls in nigeria. and the local outrage. a group so frightening many nigerians refuse to speak the name out loud. in the country rich in oil, this violence threatens to disrupt the global economy. what do they want? how can they be stopped? >> not thuf is being done to rescue our daughters. >> our special report, what you don't know about boko haram. >> i'm john siegenthaler in new york. boko haram, the words loosely translated, means western education is sinful. members say they want islamic
state ruled by islamic law. their methods are cruel and fishes. killed 1500 just this year. the world paid more attention to boko haram after 256 girls were kidnapped on april 13th. experts into nigeria to help find the girls. britain says its experts will try rescue the girls and defeat boko haram. nigeria's military had a three hour warning about those abduction he. in nigeria protests by people who say the government ignored the warnings and have not done enough. al jazeera has the first international why journalist on the ground. amid edris spoke to some of the
families. >> a traumatized plotting, esther hasn't come to ternlts th the abduction of her daughter. our daughter is over 270 girls taken by boko haram fighters. more than three weeks on they remain repliesing. >> i prefer if they were are my suggestion, they should go into my house burn my house break everything inside my house, it would be better than me than taking my daughter. even they take my life at that moment i think i'm satisfied more than they take my daughter away. honestly i'm not happy at all. i just feel like kill myself. >> her pain is shared by motion in this community. for them life will not be the same. homes and government offices were set afire by the attackers
but the biggest pain was here at the girls secondary school. a month ago this school was full of life. hundreds ever girls were looking forward to fulfilling their dreams and now it lies in ruins and the girls are all gone. the attackers came just before midnight and bundled more than 300 girls on board trucks taking them into the forest. 53 escaped. this father who hid his identity fearing he might be targeted following death of protesters. >> i and three other girls lied to them saying we needed to use the toilet. that is how we ran away. they chased us but we kept running. >> there is a sense of fear in the community. but people are outraged at the suggestion that the abduction never took place. >> not only baffling and
amazing. but that initial tragedy. a global calamity. >> the news that some help from some foreign powers is underway is reassuring but the scars of the april 14th tragedy are deep and the trauma long-lasti long-lasting. mohamed nedris, al jazeera, northeastern nigeria. >> tracking the growth of boko haram closely. >> every time the group has evolved particularly when their political demands or promises that they believed were made by political leaders particularly in the northeast, failed to emerge, the group and its relationship with various political leads broke down in 2009. you saw an uptick in violence and various confrontation
between the group boko haram and state security forces and you saw the group expand in terms of its tactics and the violence it would pursue in terms of the violent it would pursue, going after politicians to going after onders citizens indiscriminate attacks, you've seen teachers, clerics, children, health workers, everybody now been under the focus of boko haram. the group claimed to be focused on wanting sharia law, wanted an islamic state, in the last four years we've seen this group emerge from an interim monster that is no longer controllable and i think it's walked away from some of the ideology that
it's seeing unfolding from the northeast and it's coming down, further down as we saw into the federal capitol of nigeria. >> those who study boko haram say young men join for three main reasons. poverty, be lack of awareness of the teaching of islam and insecurity with the national leaders. for more on that, randall pinkston. >> for more than five years, boko haram's leaders have used viability attacks, wanton destruction of property. >> we are boko haram. >> self proclaimed leader, abu bakar claka, have says his group wants to establish islamic law in nigeria. leaders put a $7 million reward on his head.
took over after the execution of the group's leader, mohamed yousef. boko haram does not have widespread appeal. >> boko haram is a fringe movement, it is a terrorist group which has assassinated muslim learned men, it has terrorized communities and it is a small group relatively speaking but it casts a large shadow. >> this month's mass killings and the kidnapping of school girls are the most recent teefnts in a series of -- events in a series of bold attacks. nigeria surpasses south africa's wealth, boko haram is based in the poverty stricken north which is mostly muslim. in 2010, boko haram engineered a
prison break which freed more than 700 inmates. the next year it launched a suicide attack on the united nations credit outpost. and blew up a bus station killing nearly 100 people. boko haram has a credibility problem and so does the nigerian government. >> the biggest issue ask credibility. boko haram started out and preyed ton grievances of northern nigerians. they tried to fill a gap in which the government was not seen as credible or worthy. the problem is the nigerian government did not manage to step up and fill that void. >> reporter: most of boko haram's leaders are poverty stricken young men, one reason girls schools are targeted is
because boko haram's leaders believe educated women are a threat to male authority. randall pinkston, al jazeera. >> emerald woods joins us from washington, d.c, from the institute of policy studies and focuses on diplomacy studies. good to have you. >> good to be with you. >> how sophisticated is this group when it comes to weapons and strategy and training? >> the issue is this is a fringe group that started off really elevating a decade or so ago, the demands of northern nigeria. nigeria is a country incredibly wealthy, exporting oil since 1956 and yet the northern part of the country remains underdeveloped, remains impoverished. they started back in the 1990s
essentially elevating these very real concerns. and so what you have between now and then is a real platform being given to and expanded by the international community, given to boko haram, linking them with al qaeda, linking them with this designation particularity in the u.s., terrorist association, expanding the megaphone and the platform in which they operated. at the same time you have had a steady flow of weapons into the region. this is often the approximate -- the problem. so while there are efforts underway to have for example an arms control treaty which the u.s. has not ratified, you know weapons continue to flow to these types of extremist groups really around the world. so i think you're right to ask where the weapons are coming from. i think many of asking that question.
how they are able to be able to get them into the country across borders. and so readily available throughout the region. i think it's a very valid question. >> why can't the government of nigeria stop them? >> you have a government that has africa's most powerful military force, nigeria partnering with the u.s. for decades now in terms of its military training and advancement. it's quite skilled and equipped and yet what you have seen is this military has also had its own issues of human rights violations. its own issues of atrocities against civilians even. so there's an issue of credibility and also an issue of really accountability. when it comes to the nigerian military. so i think there are calls now for the nierch government to do all -- for nigerian government
to do all that it can, to protect human rights, human dignity of these incredibly courageous school girls that these dpeams are anxiously -- families are anxiously awaiting news on, all nigerians throughout the country should have that measure of hux rights protected of also -- human rights protected of also the rule of law throughout the country. >> maybe you can help us with the question we've been asking all along how is it that 276 school girls can be kidnapped from a community and almost vanish into thin air and no one knows where they are? >> what you have because of the political situation in nigeria is extremely volatile, we're going into an election year in nigeria and we have quite a few people who are expression discontent with the government. what you have is a situation where communities may not be as
frank and forthcoming as they could be. where you have police, military, other officials that may be explicit. be -- complicit, you have a complex situation of conclusion and people doing not what they can to protect human rights, to protect human dignity. >> so sad, thank you for being ton program. >> thank you. >> the mass kidnapping of nigerian girls, violence against women is a global reality. lisa stark has more on that. >> the protests are growing. the pressure is growing to find the young nigerian school girls, the teenagers only crime was getting an education. amnesty international feel the girls are facing daily violence including sexual violence. >> i'm very concerned about their safety, i'm very concerned
about the nearly 300 girls missing for three weeks with no action to find them. >> on the ground in nigeria and seven other countries working to empower women, credit they are rattled even though not in the area where the girls were taken. >> devastation and can as you can imagine for all girls in the area, seeing that this is happening and not being able to move quickly and do something themselves. >> the kidnapping of so many young women from the same place at the same time, has really caught the world's attention. >> i hope what's happening right now can continue to open one's eyes to, the violence against women and girls that are that is all too common. >> a study released last year by the world health organization found that 35% of women
worldwide have experienced abuse by their partner or sexual violence by someone other than their partner. >> w.h.o. called violence against women aglobal health problem of epidemic proportion. >> sexual violence has gone hand in hand with wars and conflict. in the 1990s after the systematic rape of tens of thousands of women in bosnia became a crime, crime against humanity. >> we have seen people taken to the international court because of their perpetration of sexual violence in war situations. 40 years ago that would have not been imaginable. >> that's a start but these groups say to end sexual violence against women requiresl changes. the outcry is focused firmly on the kidnapped school girls and
>> award winning producer and director joe berlinger exposes the truth. >> our current system has gone awry... >> a justice system rum by human beings, can run off the rails. >> sometimes the system doesn't serve and protect, and the innocent pay the price. what goes wrong? >> it's a nightmarish alternative reality, sometimes you can't win... >> an original investigative series. when justice is not for all... the system with joe beringer only on al jazeera america
arriving, from abuja, as you can package the recent violence is getting quite a bit of attention. after this car bombing in abuja last we, the nigerian government put out an appeal to delegates heading to nigeria for the economic forum. don't let terror win. but the reents attacks are casting -- recent attacks are casting a shadow on the event. the focus would prefer to be on the country's booming economy, the goal to become one of the world's top economies by 2020. noornlg reent -- noornlg recent, makes $80 billion a year on oil. it is the world's fifth largest exportser. there are doubts however whether that money actually reaches the
nigerian people. wash dog group transparency are international ranks it one of the most corrupt nations on earth. $20 billion in oil money is missing, and poverty is widespread. especially in the northeast, the home base of the armed group boko haram. there 70% of the people live on less than $100 a day compared to 50% of the south where most of the oil is located. >> boko haram. >> boko haram has tried to capitalize on that sense that northerners are not getting their fair shay. >> corruption could be said to indirectly contribute to the insurgency in the country. and it's said that corruption has led to a clear position of dislocation of economy. it has impoverished the people.
it has destroyed industry and lives and it has also created a conducive atmosphere for extremism to thrive. >> and that's when observers say nigerian leaders have to face. >> the general authorities strategically nighstrategicallye that if nigeria is set to become a number 1 nation they have to focus on the north. >> malmalnutrition is more focud in the north as well. it shows that nigeria's visibilities as a developing country that that is really a problem. >> thank you, david rice is a professor at new york universi university. he joins us vie skype. david, welcome good to have you
on the program. >> thank you, good to be here. >> could you give us a sense? this was supposed to be nigeria's shining moment, the conference. how has the violence overshadowed? >> the world economic forum choosing nigeria to host its summit is extremely important for country. it coincides that the country has been determined to be the largest economy in africa and it was meant to be a celebration of the fact that nigeria has a rapidly growing economy that's quickly diversifying and a lot of opportunity for international investors. but the conversation so far has been muted, the economic conversation has been muted by this national tragedy. but the message that's come out from the government as well as from a lot of the attendees from around the world is that terrorism will not be tolerated and people will not shy away from nigeria and the
opportunities here and the need here simply because of an isolated incident that occurs in the northern part of the country. people are very upset. it is emotional, it's a tragedy but the best way to combat this situation is to create more economic opportunity for people around the country and throughout subsaharan africa. >> now there's another incident a massacre today in which or that apparently happened on monday that some are saying that boko haram is responsible for. talk about security there now. what is security like? >> well, security in the capitol is extremely tight. the city has essentially been shut down during this conference because of those concerns. but the rest of the country is moving on. the rest of the country is functioning. as far as the government's response i think that they're
trying to balance the need to pursue the terrorists to try to get the girls home to their families, while also not trying to tip their hand to the terrorists. obviously they have satellite phones, they have access to television, they have access to information. the government is trying to walk this balance about keeping the public dpoard about what's being done but so as to not compromise their ability to get the girls home safely. >> thank you for staying up late tonight, we appreciate it. >> okay thank you. >> oil is a resource that can make any area wealthy but in the niger dale most people are living on less than $100 a day. we hear from photo photojournald cashi. >> over the last 20-plus years
nigeria has become one of the top 10 oil producers in the world. at the beginning of oil and gas in nigeria, nigeria was a poor country at that point. and somewhat, quite undeveloped so oil was a very new commodity that brought in tremendous wealth. but with it brought you know real problems for the people. what's happened in the niger delta is a really classic case of something i've seen throughout most of the world where oil and gas is produced except maybe in the gulf states, the arab gulf states, it creates much wealth for the politicians and the credit government, but for local people on the ground and quite observ often for the e it ravages them.
subsistence farmers and fishermen, now many of the waters that they used to fish in are degraded or the fish stocks are quite low. with farnlg a lot of the land -- farming a lot of the land has been taken up by the oil works the oil industry and the land has been polluted. it's less the people with fewer aopportunities in the traditional sense how they survived and made a living but oil industry has not created a olot of jobs -- a lot of jobs for the people. they are living on $100 a day the are average niger deltan. sitting on land that produce he billions of dollars of wealth -- produces billions of dollars of wealth, they are not of the size of the bp spill in the gulf of mexico let's say but this is a constant problem. you have infrastructure that is
not only 50 years old but it's in a place that is quite inhospitable. the dangers of the impact of being theory the oil industry sort of hit on a number of levels. first of all the degradation of the land. another impact on the people is that there's been very little infrastructure development. so for instance, schools, the electricity grid, they're terribly lacking in that region. to look at a situation like the niger dell aand say well, that's their problem. because the reality is the united states takes almost half of nigeria's oil and gas. so we have to realize that we are connected to these issues. that we cannot turn a blind eye and say oh, that's someone else's problem. that we are explici -- complis n these stories. >> ed cashi has a book called curse of the black gold.