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tv   News  Al Jazeera  June 8, 2014 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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only on al jazeera america. >> egypt is under heavy guard as the ex-army chief prepares though be sworn in as president. you're watching al jazeera, live from doha. also ahead - f.a.r.c. rebels in columbia declare a ceasefire and a scathing alert to a presidential candidate. the u.s. navy rescues more than 200 migrants after reports of a sinking vessel in the mediterranean. move over messi and maradona - argentinian's female
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footballers prove they are on the ball, tackling miss conceptions -- misconceptions final preparations are under way in cairo for the inauguration of egypt's new president. there's a heavy security presence around the constitutional court ahead of the swearing in of former army chief abdul fatah al-sisi. he has promised to restore security, almost a year after deposed president mohamed mursi was overthrown by the military. after he takes office, abdul fatah al-sisi plans to host a reception for leaders and royal guests at the presidential palace. bernard smith takes a look at how abdul fatah al-sisi, who managed to win 97% of the vote in the polls, got to where he is. >> i am an egyptian citizen. i love my country, and my own
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people. i also serve them by - to ensure democracy, freedom, rule of law. >> reporter: abdul fatah al-sisi came a long way in less than 12 months. as large-scale demonstrations against mohamed mursi clogged central cairo on july the 1st, the hand of the military delivered an ultimatum to the egyptian president. "negotiate with your opponents or the army will intervene" abdul fatah al-sisi warned. two days later abdul fatah al-sisi led the coup that deposed mohamed mursi. it launched the general on a trajectory that propelled him to the presidency. a year earlier mohamed mursi had given abdul fatah al-sisi egypt's top military job. the president must have thought he was appointing an ally, someone
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like-minded. abdul fatah al-sisi was to have mohamed mursi locked up. he resided over a muslim crackdown on the mohamed mursi. >> we are calling for legitimacy. this is our point of view. that's why they are killing us. >> abdul fatah al-sisi did it seemingly with popular support. the general was beginning to attract something of a cult following. abdul fatah al-sisi has ridden a wave of nationalism that kept him in the spotlight since summer. he hasn't discouraged comparisons with abdul nasser, a general, described as the first leader of an arab nation to challenge western dominance of the middle east. abdul fatah al-sisi is known as being religiously devout. he hasn't expressed an opinion. in a speech to the military he
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said religious discourse is the greatest battle and challenge. there's a need for a new vision and comprehensive understanding of the religion of islam. >> before the conversation starts, abdul fatah al-sisi knows his priority is to turn egypt's economy around. >> during two revolutions, egyptians were aspiring. i need to give them security and stability and complete development. >> reporter: abdul fatah al-sisi says within two years he can improve the economic condition of the egyptian people. he'll need to retain the popular support he claims if he's to have a chance of achieving the ambitious goal. let's take a look at how abdul fatah al-sisi came to power. now, in july last year the military deposed president mohamed mursi. the head of the judiciary
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mansour was installed as interim president. the next day security forces launched a crackdown on the media. hundreds of people in august were killed as security forces stormed protest camps in cairo. the muslim brotherhood says that the number of those killed is in the thousands. while in september, the interim government banned the muslim brotherhood, and in december, the muslim brotherhood is declared a terrorist group, and any links, including reporting on them became illegal. now, in the same month three al jazeera english journalists are arrested, and their trial conditions. >> in march, the man who let the coup, abdul fatah al-sisi, quits as army chief to run for president. then in may, he wins the election with 97% of the vote. joining us live from london is carol kirsten, a senior lecturer in the study of muslim in kings
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college. thank you for being with us. it's one thing to lead an army and another to lead a country. egypt had several army generals who became leaders as well. how different do you see abdul fatah al-sisi's presidency being? >> it is, indeed, going to be a different challenge which the former field marshal is going to face. today it closes a chapter of a turbulent year of transmissions. it's difficult to compare abdul fatah al-sisi to a figure like nasser, in spite of popularity of abdul fatah al-sisi, for the fact that he's mature and senior. he was a colonel in his mid 30s and a leader of young turks.
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abdul fatah al-sisi earnt his military laurels through the stable years of the hosni mubarak era, so he is very much a remnant of that time, and in that sense almost a return to the egyptian situation before the winter of 2011. and in that sense i think the main characteristics will be that he is going to look carefully after the huge political and economic interests of the military, but the immediate challenge for egypt is to return that sense of stability, and work on the economy. and that, of course, for a military man, is something different than establishing internal security and maintaining law and order. >> he inherits a huge political divide in egypt, between secular groups and groups that are pro-islamic as well. he does paint himself, though,
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as a conservative devout muslim. do you see him as being able to win the hearts and minds of the supporters of the muslim brotherhood? >> i think there he will have a very long way to go because, indeed, egypt is not just fragmented and divided, it has become polarized for people that feel a cross injustice has been done to the mohamed mursi presidency, and the muslim brotherhood who, no matter how you turn it, has a substantial support base in the egyptian population. abdul fatah al-sisi has a constitiunsy of his own, but it is not bigger that that of the muslim brotherhood, and the fact that he was able to rise to power was because of theest iing nation of large parts of the egyptian population, who were tired of the upheaval.
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>> a man who promises security that he says he wants to deliver. ever since the overthrow of president mohamed mursi, many egyptians have a taste for a revolution. if abdul fatah al-sisi is unable to deliver, and deliver stoon economic reforms and alleviation from poverty, will we see him experience the came revolution that his predecessors had experienced. >> it's very difficult to predict. first of all, the current regime is probably prepared and has been warned that things that were unimaginable before 2011 can take place, so i think the president will move cautiously and prudently and realise that the 2011 arab spring was not
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only trailed by matters of principle in terms of democratic society. it was born out of the despair of people with unbearable economic circumstances. there are clear indications that the field marshall is aware of these kind of things. a new advisory committee has been put in place, driven primarily bit the united arab emirates who make available a date availed of in the past and i think that will be priority number one, to find a way of getting the economy back on the rails and that probably will avoid any immediate political upheavals or disturbances in the near future at least. >> carol, thank you for your insight. carol kirsten, senior lecturer in the muslim and are ab world
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at kings college in london. there we have ali mansour, there to attend the swearing in of abdul fatah al-sisi. we'll bring you more on the coverage of the ceremony throughout the day. let's stay in egypt and an appeals court overturned the egyptians of four policeman accused of killing 37 detainees. the victim suffocated when tear gas was fired into a police van taking them to prison. all were supporters of mohamed mursi. security officials said officers were forced to respond was the detainees were rioting. the appeals court in cairo ordered a new investigation, and human rights watch says there appears to be a culture of impunity among police officers, supported by the judicial system. >> i don't think the judiciary
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is operating on political orders from president abdul fatah al-sisi, or from anybody else politically, but it seems that many members of the judiciary itself have been caught up in what appears to be sort of an hysteria, in which, you know, the rule of law goes out the window, and, you know, anything involving protestor, mohamed mursi sympathizer, a brotherhood member, they throw the book at them. anything that involves charges against a police officer, they are acquitted. they go scot-free. meanwhile 10 muslim brotherhood supporters have been sentenced to death in their absence, accused of inciting violence. at the same time the court postponed a verdict on the group's spiritual leader. the date for his verdict is july the 5th. a senior member of the muslim
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brotherhood who is in prison condemned the death sentences. >> reporter: judiciary is creating bravery. the judiciary stands for prisons and killings, taking orders from israel. al jazeera continues to demand the release of its journali journalist detained in egypt. three staff have been held for 162 days. egyptian prosecutors demanded the maximum penalty, and they want sevens years in gaol for peter greste, and 15 for mohamed fadel fahmy, and baher mohamed. a lawyer for another journalist, abdullah al-shami, requested his immediate release on medical grounds. sham has been held without charge since august and has been on hunger strike for four months. he insists that he will not break his fast until he is released. >> dozens of people have been killed in a series of car
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bombings across the iraqi capital. the attacks happened in shia neighbourhoods of baghdad. 23 were killed in one explosion. violence in iraq is at its worst level. imran khan joins us live from baghdad. do we have any details as to who or which organization could be behind the attacks? >> well, no. no organization has claimed responsibility for this. iraq's deposit is firmly pointing the fingers at the islamic state of iraq and levant. the types of bombings that we see follow a pattern mounted for 13, 14 months here in iraq. we see them placing car bombs into residential and commercial neighbourhoods and busy shopping markets. they happen during rush hour, early in the morning or late at night when people are taking
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advantage of cooler air to be out on the streets. there was a period of about three hours when seven car bombs went off. not consecutively, over a period of three hours where it 152 died and hundreds injured. it's a pattern we are seen again and again. no claim of responsibility so far. >> remind us again of the motives behind the attacks? >> well, i.s.i.l. are fighting in syria and iraq. they are a sunni group who feel the deposit is hera tick. they are too close to iran. they are a shia government. they fear the groups they have are not following the right path of islam. that's the bottom line. beyond that, there's a power struggle going on between the sunni groups, the sunni al qaeda
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groups. the leader is abbual bacar al-badadi. he has been critical of al qaeda's leader. he says aman al, saheri is not fighting. those are the reasons - it's syria, the internal power struggle. it's within al qaeda. it's within iraq and syria that it's playing out. >> as we mentioned earlier, the violence seems to increase. do you see it abating. what needs to happen for that to happen. >> well, that's a million dollar question. prime minister nouri al-maliki based his election campaign saying he'd bring security to iraq. we are tracking, as we speak to
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you, at least four potential incidents across the country. these attacks are happening across the country every day. and people are asking themselves when will it come to an end. what needs to be done, do we have to negotiate with these people. do we need to go to war with these people. >> thank you very much for that. that's imran khan speaking to us from baghdad. libya's newly elected prime minister promises to fight a terrorist group. he has condemned violence between rival groups in tripoli. dozens of supporters of a rogue leader stormed martyrs square on friday. >> translation: what happened at martyrs square with the conflict of groups is against the
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democratic path and not salentible. the terrorism phenomenon in libya has become a leading threat. >> at least 74 people have been killed in flash floods in northern afghanistan. local officials warn that the number is likely to rise. the flooding occurred in a remote district and forced thousands of people to leave their homes. and this time they report from kabul. >> reporter: trying to salvage what's left. these people's homes were damaged in flash floods. the distribute in northern bagram is the worst affected area. the government and aid agencies struggled to get to the remote region. most of the region has been washed away. >> so far 74 have been killed and body handed over to their families. the search operation continues.
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hundreds of houses have been destroyed. >> resident who lost loved ones buried their bodies wherever they could find dry ground. often it's the vulnerable that suffered the worst. these people were given first aid after their house collapsed. a government minister promised to airlift them to a nearby hospital. many don't just want aid they want their houses to be rebuilt. >> i want president hamid karzai to know that we don't just want food from the government, but a house to live in. as citizens we deserve this. don't feed us for a few days and forget us. give us homes. >> given the scale of the disaster, badly affecting four villages, it's unlikely that will happen soon. floods and landslides are common in afghanistan. 2014 will be remembered as being particularly bad. over the past several months thousands of people have been
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displaced and hundreds have lost their lives in natural disasters. raising questions about the government's ability to take care of those most at risk. >> at least 33 have been killed in an attack in the democratic republic of congo. it happened on friday in the mineral-rich region of south kidal. the victims, mostly women, were stabbed, shot and burnt. it's believed the attack was part of a dispute about cattle. we have more from goma. >> reporter: what we are hearing is that most of those killed are women praying. the attackers surrounded and started indiscriminately. some of the people were killed in their homes. the cause of the attack is not clear, but i have been talking to human rights groups saying that this is a conflict, an ethnic conflict between sunnis, and farmers. this has been an ongoing
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conflict of land. this is not the first time. 14 people were killed. they are saying also that this is politically motivated, that some politicians have been stalking ethnic tensions in that part of south kidal. the police told us that they are investigating this incident. they do not know the cause, and have not made any arrests. >> the u.s. government says nigeria must take the lead in the fight against boko haram. nigerian army commanders say boko haram fighters are on the run. hundreds of nigerians have been burredered in the north-east. 270 school girls are missing after being kidnapped in april. an american politician says support is being given it the nigerian government. >> nigeria as a sovereign nation must take the lead in combatting the violence. the united states government and others are all trying to play a very robust supportive role,
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especially through intelligence. i.e.d.s, which were terrible in iraq. they are being used with impunity, as are other means of killing and maiming. f.a.r.c. fighters in columbia declared a 3-week ceasefire. as peace talks continue in cuba, the head of the f.a.r.c. negotiation team told reporters they are getting closer to a peace deal. the truth was announced in a scathing letter. f.a.r.c. accuses the president of trying to provoke more fighting by making inflammatory statements. cocaine has been seized from a boat off the coast of the costa rica. 800 kilos the drug were found hidden in a double lining. four crew members were arrested. the seizure was a joint operation between costa rica and drug patrols. >> one of ukraine's separatist
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groups have been shot dead. he used to work for the self-declared donetsk people's republic. his murder was an assassination attempt on their leader that went wrong. investigators have been inspecting a car and bullets. no group has claimed responsibility to for the attack. >> it's the first day in office for ukraine's president petro porashenko. during his swearing in ceremony he promised to end violence in ukraine and offered immunity from prosecution for some leaders. we have the latest from kiev. >> reporter: he may have the red carpet. petro porashenko has a mountain to climb if he's to save ukraine from conflict and economic ruin. at his inauguration the international community was there to show its support.
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for an elected leader at last in ukraine, after months of uncertainty. president petro porashenko promised to take the fight to the rebellion in the east, and russia, over crimea. >> translation: what comes with the sword dies by the sword. citizens of ukraine will never enjoy the beauty of peace unless we settle relations with russia. russia occupied crimea, which was, is, and will be ukranian soil. >> reporter: from europe he said this time there'll be no turning back. >> translation: what exactly do we have to do to live free and prosperous lives. all this is enshrined in the agreement on political association and trade zones with the e.u. many of you and myself put
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together this document. now i aspire to make it a reality. >> reporter: president petro porashenko pledged economic reforms, involving power and parliamentary elections. this is the parliament that invested presidential powers in petro porashenko. today this is the parliament that stripped those powers from viktor yanukovych. this is the parliament that president petro porashenko now wants dissolved so that he can have new deputyies to press forward with reforms ukraine so desperately leads. >> these are the men he commands. a solution to the violence in the east of the country may ultimately lie with russia. talks are expected. there's hope that diplomacy but this country is virtually at
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war. the commander in chief has to choose which path to tread. more to come, including the top story, and that is the swearing in of president elect abdul fatah al-sisi. this is him arriving at the constitutional court, awaiting his swearing in ceremony. we will, of course, cover this top story throughout the day. we will, of course, be bringing you a lot of analysts and analysis, i beg your pardon, on his ascend to power, shall we say, on him becoming egypt's next president. as a reminder, abdul fatah al-sisi was violetal in the -- vital in the coup that deposed former president mohamed mursi in july of last year. abdul fatah al-sisi, of course, was a former army general. and he won by a landslide in
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may's presidential election. he secured 96.9% of the vote then. the turn out, however, was less than 50%. his only challenger at the time was left winger hamdeen sabahi, who received 3.1%. abdul fatah al-sisi, overthrew mohamed mursi last july in a military coup. he has been battling mohamed mursi's muslim brotherhood. the interim government declared the group a terrorist organization and arrested thousands of members. we will carry the story live throughout the day. also ahead on al jazeera - sandbags are the last defense for many in bangladesh where rising rivers are washing away people's lives. plus, date day. >> i'm in sao paulo brazil where
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