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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 13, 2014 9:00am-10:01am EDT

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>> announcer: this is al jazeera. hello there. welcome to the newshour, i'm here from doha with the top stories. standing trial egypt's ousted president hosni mubarak denies ordering the killing of protesters. nouri al-maliki still refuses to hand over power to his successor. the u.n. urges the community to do more for fleeing islamic
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state fighters. plus... . >> wherebying -- where buying food and vegetables may mean bringing home period of time sides for dinner. egypt's ousted president hosni mubarak testified in a court in cairo, saying he didn't order the killing of protestors, nor spark chaos. he and others are charged with killing 850 unarmed demonstrators during 2011. the court will deliver a verdict on september 27th. >> translation: after i gave up my office as a president, i, together with my family, have been targeted by fierce campaigns of defamation and my tenure as a president. it also came under similar
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attack. turning a blind eye to all the achievements made, failing to remember any achievement and all the setbacks. after more than 62 years, i have exhausted serving this homeland in addition to the long years i have been serving in the armed forces. then a vice president, then a president. i have fought in all the wars let's take a look at the event leading up to hosni mubarak's trial. on-january 25th, 2011, tens of thousands of egyptians took to the streets calling for hosni mubarak to step down. rubber bullets and tear gas were fired. protests continued, 17 days later hosni mubarak resigned. by then more than 800 killed. hosni mubarak left for his home in a seaside resort.
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on april the 12th he was taken to hospital for unknown reasons, and a day later prosecutors ordered hosni mubarak and his two sons to be detained. his first trial began in august, and he was sentenced to life in prison in 2012. he successfully apeed. he's waiting for the verdict at the retrial. >> joining us live is the lecturer from kings college. good to have you on the programme. he spoke for 25 minutes. he said he did his duty, never ordered the death of protesters, stepped down to avoid bloodshed. it was a passionate defence of his 35 years in presidency. >> yes, the picture we saw today of hosni mubarak was different to his appearance in earlier trials, where he looked like a sickly defeated old man. this was the hosni mubarak of old, and proud.
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in his statement he appeared clearly very defiant in regards to the major charges that have been levelled against him, such as shooting to kill demonstrators, and also the charges of widespread corruption. there were a few minor expressions of repentens, and, of course, he was not infallible as a leader, but quickly i think he started to emphasise his track record as a loyal soldier, and egyptian patriot. i think apart from the substance offered, which was a kind of predictable, i think the timing of this particular hearing is interesting as well. >> you say that he sounds confident and more like the hosni mubarak of old that we knew. is that partly because the political picture now is very different to the government that was in place in 2012 when he was
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first convicted? >> i think that is certainly the case. i think he feels much more at ease and confident even probably about the outcome of this trial now that there is a fellow soldier in charge of the country. that's why i think the timing of this hearing seems not copies dental. coming at the eve of another massacre that will have its first anniversary tomorrow, cooing on the back -- coming on the back of a human rights watch report, of what transpired last i can't remember. you get the impression that today's court appearance is intended to deflect attention from these event. they also illustrate the difficult and painful issues egypt is currently facing. >> it's interesting, isn't it, that hosni mubarak's overthrow has been painted as a popular uprising. there seems to be a change in
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the regime, and i don't know if it's the old government, trying to change it to a conspiracy of foreign powers. >> it's the tendency since abdul fatah al-sisi intervened in the political process and ousted president mohamed mursi. there has been a concerted effort since to discredit what transpired in 2011, and all the event that followed from that, that it was orchestrated, or an exercise of only a very small segment within egyptian society, involving the muslim brotherhood, and ever since there has been effort and sustained efforts to paint the muslim brotherhood of having a secret agenda in taking power. that's been the vindication for abdul fatah al-sisi to step in,
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interrupting a democratic process. in their view the stability and integrity of egypt was at stake. >> thank you for joining us. kersten life from london. >> now, iraq's prime minister, nouri al-maliki still refusing to hand over power to his appointed successor. nouri al-maliki described the nomination as a constitution violation, saying it was up to the federal court to decide whether to keep his job. >> the counter government continued, and it won't be changed until the federal government delivered a decision. it's a constitutional violation, hatched outside the country. we can not have a constitutional breach. >> there has been four separate bombings in and around the iraqi capital in and around the capital. the latest in baghdad killing at least 10.
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one was at a checkpoint at a home owned bit the prime ministerial nominee haider al-abadi. and we'll speak to zeina khodr live from erbil. nouri al-maliki says he will not leave fought a federal court ruling. can he still hang on to power? >> hundreds of iraqis took to the streets in solidarity with nouri al-maliki. he is increasingly isolated and lost the support of iran, a close ally in a country which yields a lot of influence in iraq. iran welcomed the nomination of a new prime minister haider al-abadi. the international community welcomed the nomination of haider al-abadi, so the european union, the arab league - nouri al-maliki is calling it a conspiracy. he is not giving up without a fight. really, he's doesn't have much support. now, haider al-abadi has
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support. we expected him to have his first public address today, addressing the nation since his appointment. but it was cancelled with no explanation. he really has a lot of challenges ahead he needs to create and form a government, a broad-based government, one that represents all communities. each should feel they have a say in governing the future of this country. a lot of challenges ahead, but there's optimism that this is a positive first step. breaking the political deadlock will not end the crisis because iraq is at war, the iraqi army collapsed and the territory is mainly the heartland in the hand of the islamic state group. >> as far as the battle against islamic state, the kurdish fighters have support from the u.s., and we hear they'll have weapons from france. are they making progress against
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the islamic state? >> well, it's a very difficult fight. first we have to remember that the islamic state group is well armed and well trained. they do have weapons, they managed to capture a lot of weapons from the u.s.-made weapons left behind by the iraqi army. they are controlling a territory, sharing a 1,000km border with the kurds. they have been appealing for aid. the u.s. sent ammunition, and the peshmerga spokesman said they need heavy weapons, helicopters. france is sending weapons. that will be a difficult fightment the islamic state group managed to take a fm of towns and villages, previously held by the peshmerga, who managed to recapture one townment what we saw were people leaving. as we approached the entrances of mack more, we saw a stream of
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vehicles heading out. people returned to the town south-west of erbil, only to pack what they could, and leave again. mack more was in the hands of islamic state group. peshmerga forces recaptured it, but not without a fight and the help of the u.s. air force. many of the residents still do not feel safe. >> next door - this is why i moving. i don't want to die for nothing. >> islamic state group fighters retreated. they are not far away. it is hard to see how an ilequiped force can hold the open ground if it weren't for u.s. air strikes. they opened on friday. after the fighters advanced into areas controlled by the kurds in northern iraq. mack more was the only territory it managed to retake.
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kiddish troops are stretched thin. >> this is one of many front lines. kurdish forces shared a 1,000km border with the islamic state group. they are well armed. it captured us of made vehicles, from the iraqi army, when they abandoned their positions. officials are asking the international community for military support. the u.s. provided them with ammunition. that is not enough. they want weapons because according to them, the islamic state group intention is to target erbil. >> we know it's president obama's decision, it helped us win the attack, by their aer planes. i.s.i.s. is on the ground, the peshmerga - it helped them. i believe it is important to continue with the support, otherwise there are dangers.
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>> reporter: it is about an hour from erbil, the capital. for now the u.s. air strikes slowed down the islamic state's vans -- advance in the north. it is acknowledged that it will be hard to beat them without the sunnis. the iraqi communities need to unite against what many see as a growing threat to the country. there's so much attention, but there was a sunni uprising, a protest movement, people taking to the streets, demanding change from the shia-led government. we spoke to a tribal elder, and he said replacing a prime minister is not enough. we want to see an end to iran's influence. we want political influence freed. it shows you it's not the question of forming a government, but reforming a system, if you are going to have
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all of iraq's communities on born. >> zeina khodr in erbil there. >> the united nations warned 20,000 yazidis dropped in the northern iraq mountains could be massacred by islamic state fighters. tens of the thousands managed to escape the territory into turkey and syria. we have more. >> reporter: they are hungry, thursdayy and exhausted after walking through remote mountains for days these people from the yazidi minority fled when attacked by fighters from the islamic state. some tried to fight back. >> translation: we put our families into the mountain, and we stayed behind fighting. we fought for four hours, until the armoured vehicles reached the barricade. >> we came down from the mountain and walked for 12 hours. we were transferred by car to
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syria. >> reporter: now they have rasped relative -- reach the relative safety from the kurdistan province. it's a life line, this bridge, for the tens of thousands on the run. other families made it over the border into turkey, where they register with authorities. from now on the tents will be their homes. many of the islamic state fighters that they ran away from feel marginalized by the last iraqi government. they embraced radical islam and attacked and killed the yazidi, and people from other groups. officials say the arrivals need help. >> translation: the majority of the displaced are people and young children. what we need most at the moment is food supply. as the number of refugees is rising, the situation is difficult. >> the first aid supplies has arrived. meanwhile the u.n. secretary-general ja ban ki-moon urged the world to do more for
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iraqi civilians. while they may be safer, life will be tough for months to come. they don't know when it will be safe to go home. coming up on the programme - why these containers are in the middle of road leading to the pakistani capital. plus... >> i'm rory challands in russia, where a new law imposes fines on anyone who doesn't declare that they have duel nation altsy. -- nationality. and we find out if manchester united's new manager enjoyed his night at old trafford. there's a threat of renewed fighting in gaza as a 3-day truce enters its time hours. israel's assault began on july the 8th, on gaz a. 64 israeli soldiers, and three civilians, including a thai
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national has been mixed 1,957 palestinians died. nearly three-quarters civilians, 359 children. more that 10 thouds palestinians have been -- 10,000 palestinians have been wounded and more than 209,000 are seeking shelter. >> reporter: gazans know they may have a matter of hours of peaks the 72-hour ceasefire running out at midnight. so many turned out in gaza city to do their shopping. over the past month it's been dangerous to love the home and move around the streets and stock up on groceries. there's a sense of happiness that people are able to enjoy a semblance of peace. there's a degree of urgency. this could be the last day that they get to go about their normal daily lives. six people, including three
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members of a palestinian police disposal unit and a foreign journalist have been killed in the gaza strip ja. an unexploded bomb blew up in an area where there was fighting. talks between israel and hamas are beak hold to try -- being held in cairo to try to find a solution. israel's defense warned of a resumption of fighting. >> translation: again, i'd like to warn as of wednesday midnight, i don't know if we'll have an arrangement or that we can extend negotiations. shooting too erupt, we will fight, we will begin operations and they'll carry out terror attacks of one form or another. >> al jazeera spoke to the leaders, when asked about demands and the fighting, here is what was said. >> israel wishes to delay the palestinian stand. we are youngified.
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speaking of -- unified. peak speaking of what is to exist. we are not concerned. we have one government. we wish the yazidis to end the assault and aggression against gaza. open the crossing to open this large prison of 2 million gazans. we wish the seaport and airport, and the gazans living like any other people in the world who is to oversee the border lines. this is our own domestic affairs, and israel has nothing to do with this. joining us from west jerusalem ja is kimberley. it's hard to see progress about the talks. we here there's an egyptian proposal put forward. what can you tell us? >> i can tell you that both sides, both delegations are
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working hard to find common ground and agreement. we are hearing about marathon sessions, working in the talks with mediators. what i can tell you about the proposal, it has key points important to both sides. the palestinian delegation going into the talks, looking for a lifting on the blockade of gaza, we hear the egyptian proposal, a plan to open the flow of goods and people in and out of gaza, as long as it includes strict palestinian authority and israeli authority and supervision and agreement. we can tell you the issue of cement being brought into gaza, the fear that cement that is brought in will not be used for rebuilding, but could be used to reconstruct tunnels destroyed in recent weeks. tens of thousands in gaza have been displaced as a result of the conflict. the proposal will include
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allowing the cement to come in and strict international supervision and a key concern for hamas, a demand that money be allowed to be brought in to help ta pay salaries for bureaucrats. there's a proposal to allow money to come from the third party to pay the bureaucrats and ease the banking crisis contributing to a lot of unrest. >> it sounds as though a lot more time is needed to discuss all of these. is there a hope that the ceasefire might be extended, that is due to run out at midnight local time together. >> it's unclear at this point. i can tell you that time is running out. it is less than eight hours to the midnight local deadline when the ceasefire will finish. binyamin netanyahu is facing a lot of pressure domestically in opposition to any of these proposals that have been emeg g
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emeginging -- emejing. there was a security cabinet meeting that was cancelled on tuesday, and the prime minister worked to lobby individual ministers to build support. at the same time one of the members of that cabinet instead was working - the economy minister was working to build opposition to the egyptian proposal. from israeli citizens there's opposition, especially those living along the southern border with gaza. many said they feel the operation needs to continue, that it has not gone far enough, and the israeli military needs to finish the job. >> i guess we'll have to wait and see what happens. ukraine is refusing to let a russian aid convoy inside its territory as it intensifies a military campaign. the prime minister had harsh words for moscow. >> translation: the level of
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russia's cynicism knows no bounds. first the tank, missiles and terrorists. then they send water and salt. we as a government of ukraine are sending important goods to liberated territories. we are capable of looking after our own people. >> at least three have been killed in the rebel-held city of don esque as the ukranian government continues a shelling campaign. the shelling is some of the heaviest the city has seen. at least 12 government fighters were killed in an ambush near donetsk. emma hayward reports from a ukrainian city where fighting has driven many to seek shelter. >> reporter: this woman arrived from luhansk, after being offered refuge in a friend's house. she is 75 and knew it was time to leave when hit by shrapnel.
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>> translation: shelling started suddenly. i went into my yard. a shell fell 20 metres away from me. there was app explosion, dust, shrapnel, small stones and small pieces of metal. i felt i was injured. i was lived up and fell down and there for a few hours. my hearing came back. i couldn't live any longer in that place. >> she is staying with nine other refugees. many in ser bill opened up the homes for those that fled the violence. the population of this town has grown by a quarter. and the red cross here told us that around 10,000 refugees arrived in two months, and it's time to act. >> translation: for the situation to improve, the world should support the peaceful people who live here. they should help to support the humanitarian disaster.
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the help was too small and not sufficient. it's important that the international society puts an end to it. >> in the separatist strongholds, fighting goes on. people are struggling here and running out of supplies. russia, which has been accused of supporting the separatists is sending what it says is an aid convoy. ukraine will not pass its border unless they check what is being sent. >> translation: we don't consider the possibility of the movement of a russian convoy into ukranian territory, this delivery has to be done according to ordinarily procedures, delivery to the border, and it has to clear customs in a transit area. we have to involve sources and the red cross is responsible for the coordination and deliver of the aid. >> reporter: all this has they
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are left to rely on one another, waiting for the conflict to end. so they cap try to go home. russians with duel citizenship have until october the 5th to declare foreign passports are risk being criminalized. the new law is making them uneasy. but they say it's necessary to guard athemselves. >> reporter: this man lives in the suburbs of moscow and can show a russian birth certificate to anyone that wants to see it. because he is israeli he must register as a duel citizen, he is considering whether to stay. >> translation: i'm concerned about the law. i think it's not the enof it. they may force people to kooz between two citizenships. people do not have a choice on
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whether to follow it, because fines are imposed. human rights groups say the law is not particularly bad, but are worried about how it might be used. >> there was a huge staggering wave of hysteria. it some like the law was, indeed, adopted hastily on the wave of that anti-western hysteria. and that is why they are afraid of implementation, that it will be problematic. >> how many people will the law affect. how many dual nationals are there in russia? that's a big question mark. the government has never properly countered. >> some put the figure as high as 10 million. that's a lot of potential fifth columnists. >> the russian government believes if some of the people give part of their heart to another country, probably they will have some duties in their -
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with another government. and this - if this government like great britain, united states, it's reasonable to look carefully. >> crimeans have until next year to apply. russian expats will have to register the next time they are in the country. now, in the u.s. washington state has been a bit dusty. steph is here with the weather. what has been going on there? >> usually the dust storms are seen in desert places. that shows how dry it must have been in washington state. if we have a look at the pictures. they are increasing. first of all, it looks a bit murky. you can see the clearly defined front on that. there's a wall of dust heading towards you. these are hab oobs.
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they are windy and feels like you are being sandblasted. most of the time we see it in the desert. this time we saw it in washington state. they formed in the thunderstorm. the air hit the ground. it picked up a lot of dirt and debris. there has been plenty of thunder storms over the we were part of the u.s. recently. some gave us dust storms. else were they've given us a fair amount of rain. this gave us a lot of wet weather, and here we saw around 50mm of rain and it gave us a problem with flooding. that is what is going on in the western parts of the u.s., and in the east, as we play the satellite again, we see a huge area of cloud that we had with us as well. this has given us more wet weather, the wettest i have seen, at baltimore where there was 161mm of rain. it's trying to pull away, but for the east of canada it will stay unsettled.
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>> thank you stef. still to come - the business of smuggling. will closing borders help venezuela and columbia. and we look at the crumbling legend of the athens olympics. that's after the break.
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welcome back, a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera - egypt's ousted president hosni mubarak testified at his trial in a court in cairo, saying that he didn't order the killing of protesters or spark chaos during
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the 2011 uprising. the court will deliver a verdict on september 27th. >> nouri al-maliki, iraq's president, is not recognising his successor, he says he's waiting for the federal court to decide whether he can keep his job. >> it's the final day of a 72 hour ceasefire between hamas and israel in gaza. a foreign journalist was killed in the gaza strip ja. let's get more on the situation in iraq. michael stevens is the deputy director of think tank in qatar. good to have you with us, michael. nouri al-maliki is now saying that he is not going to go without a court decision. why is he happening on so strongly when the u.s. and iran seem to have abandoned him? >> it's surprising, isn't is it,
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but nothing by nouri al-maliki surprises me any more. he feels he has a constituent, through which is loyal to him and they'll support him. he feels like he should be the person in power and he has the right democratically to govern iraq and the right to form a government. nouri al-maliki is more and more isolated from the general public and the political classes that have basically turned against him, including many in the department. nouri al-maliki is probabliling to what he wants to listen to and has a chance of staying in power. >> meanwhile there's pressure on haider al-abadi to form a new government within 30 days, if he does manage to do that, the question is is he going to be able to salvage iraq or will there be a petition. >> well, it's a difficult question. obviously you have the situation in the north right now, which is raging between the kurdish
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peshmerga forces and i.s.i.s. you have the iraqi air force intervening. the situation on the ground is as bad as its ever been. the u.s. is trying to leverage military power to get a political consensus in baghdad by helping to clip i.s.i.s. back in return for consensus in baghdad, with a new deal to support haider al-abadi and the sunni factions and once they have a unity government to peel the sunnis away from supporting i.s.i.s. that is why they are strong, they have ground swell for from sunnis in mosul and tikrit. the key is to get the sociopolitics right, and maybe we can get the security situation ritement in the meantime there's debate over how best to help the kurds. the u.s. wept in -- went in with
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air strikes and is provides ammunition. france will arm the fighters. will we see more foreign help for the fighters in northern iraq. >> yes, we are. it's clear that there's a general consensus amongst france, britain, the united states, intervening in the conflict that the kurds must be supported. if they are not, i.s.i.s. has a chance of going close to the up tos and cities and creating the disaster we have seen. it's important that the assistance which comes from the kurds is done rapidly. and in a way that doesn't upset political players. we don't want a situation after this where baghdad and erbil comes into confrontation and another war springs up. there has to be political conditions attached to the military help to help battle
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i.s.i.s. >> there's more fighting to come. a lot to think about. michael stefan live from london for us there. >> thank you. foreign fighters in iraq and syria include dozens from south-east asian nations such as indonesia and malaysia, we have a report from jakarta. many fear it could revive violent networks in the region. >> reporter: indonesia and moving fast. sympathizers of the islamic state are being arrested around the country. officials say it's ideological messages drawing 50 indonesians to the fighting in syria and iraq. they responded to videos like this, made by indonesians allegedly in syria already. [ speaking foreign language ] >> translation: if we don't act
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against us it will revive terrorism, we suffer, not iraq. >> reporter: the islamic state group made its presence felt in indonesia at a protest. it was blamed for an attack on musicians during an election campaign rally. the government prides itself on the success of previous campaigns against militant networks. the attraction. i.s.i.s. message remains. hundreds like the network responsible for the bali bombings swore allegiance to the group. never has there been a strong response against the network like this. indonesia and malaysia are worried it will revive violent networks in the region. some say the threat was xag rated. some questioned indonesia's
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response. >> translation: i think they are going overboard. the islamic state is not our threat. they are in iraq, they don't have the power to intervene or invade our county, it's in the sure they can free their own country. [ singing ] . >> reporter: many others support government actions against the islamic state group. in mosques across the country people are urged not to join the group. >> translation: there's not a single islamic organization that supports the group. all of us reject is. they are against the use of islam. having failed the impact of islamic mill tansy, there's no intention of feeling the ideological affects of a war
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fought in syria and iraq. >> the pakistani government blocked roads to stop potential protesters from entering the capital. opposition leader imran khan planned is mass rally on thursday. we have more. >> reporter: all major entry points into the city rawalpindi have been sealed off by containers. few routes are open. they are expected to be closed on. the prime minister speaking before the nation said that he was for economic progress, and those who were threatening to march on islamabad were against progress and wanted to take the country back. he said that he was ready to form a judicial commission to hold an inquiry into allegations of rigging. however, imran khan said that that was not acceptable. that whatever happened, that he and his supporters would be marching on islamabad on august
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the 14th, and therefore the authorities here are taking no chances, wanting to present the crowds from entering the city of islamabad. there is intense criticism into the government has perhaps panicked and overreacted by sealing off the cities. there are difficulties because of the blockade and sealing of the cities. people are not able to go to hospitals. schools are closed. the capital of pakistan is at a virtual standstill. families of the victims of south korea's ferry disaster say they'll ask pope francis to push for an independent inquiry into the tragedy the head of the roman catholic church arrives in seoul on thursday, and will bring a message of peace to the divided peninsula. harry fawcett reports. . [ bells ring ] >> reporter: a midweek mass in sole. and this woman is in her place. a devout catholic, thee
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remembers pope john paul ii's visit in 1984 and hopes this visit will be as powerful. >> translation: pope john paul's visit saw an increase in the number of catholic believers. the pope's visit this time will be about bringing peace and love. >> reporter: pope francis will be in south korea and meet political and rel igous leaders, taped a pan pacific youth day. >> translation: i'm delighted to meet him up close. there are numerous conflict. we are in a state of confusion. >> the centrepiece of trip will come on estate in tral seoul. a beautification mass for 124 martyrs in front of up to a million people. in the midst is a tented village. parents of some of those killed
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in april. >> translation: i heard that pope francis cares for the people that hurt the most. please remember us. i lost my daughter, who is more precious than my own life and continue my strike for a 31st day to find the truth of my daughter's death. >> it's a sign of sensitive issues during a time in south korea. plays host to a first aeroplane visit is prestigious in this country. she has been the object of criticism from some figures within korean catholicism. >> i think he is not duped. when he met vladimir putin. the dialogue with the ukrainians, and he is going to be very outspoken. he'll be very direct. it's not going to be an endorsement at all. the visit ends with a mass on monday at the south korea's oldest cathedral. the pope will focus on
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reconciliation between north and south korea. officials of the north catholic church declined an invitation to taped. new delhi's high court says some of the fruit and vegetables indian families eat every day are toxic and unfit for humans. we have this report from the capital. >> reporter: an amateur former for the past year and a half, this man grew organic vegetables and herds to make sure his family eats healthy. the fear of pesticides from store-bought vegetables pushed them to grow their own. >> i'm edsue kated. the -- educated. the food i consume and my son consumes, it's so toxic that 20, 30, 40 years down the line we don't know what diseases will be witnessedment. >> this awareness is not common. most indians by vegetables daily
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or weekly, unaware of where the food comes from or what it's sprayed with. roots and vegetables may be safe, knows from another could be contaminated. we bought a kilogram of mangos, all common at this time of year, at random locations across the delli -- new delhi and sent them to labs. this result, no pesticides of any aim on any of the food or vegetables we tested. the government's testing found some pesticides. it contradicts the battery of tests, which found excessive amounts of pesticides. >> one of those groups is consumer voice, whose report was accepted by delhi's high court. it says there's a good reason for the anomalous results. >> it depend when and who is using the pesticides. no one will say they are
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misusing them. the government agrees there's misuse. >> this man adds that the testing for pesticides is difficult. he warns, however, that heavy metals, which are not tested for, are a bigger problemful. >> what is in the body of the vegetable no amount of cooking or washing will take it away. they are chronic exposures. >> people are doing their best to avoid contaminants. to eat toxic free they don't mind the extra effort. venezuela and columbia have started to close their shared border every night for a month. it's hoped it will curb the smuggling of subsidised food and gasoline to columbia. it is important because of the difference in prices of sedges goods in both kupties.
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a litre of -- countries. a litre of gas costs under $0.02, and in column by a$1.12. a kilo of cornflour, $0.20, and $1.21 in venezuela. we have this report from the venezuelan-columbia border where opinions are divided on the issue >> reporter: it is one the longest most porous borders in latin america, and a haven for smugglers. now it's being shut down, at least at night. 17,000 venezuelan soldiers have been sent here to curb the massive trafficking of subsidised goods into columbia. venezuela considers it responsible for the shortages affecting the country. columbia complains of a loss in tax revenues and unfair
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competition. >> translation: i agree with closing the border. hopefully in this way we'll find food and more. these people take it all. >> from 10:00 p.m. to 5am no car, motorcycle or person will be able to go flow. trucks are banned from 6:00 pm. the presidents of columbia and venezuela agreed to the measure as a part of what they call a shock plan for the border. many say it's affecting regular people. >> translation: i guess i'm not going home. i'll have to wait until tomorrow. they are hitting people like me because the real criminals don't operate here. years of subsidies and price controls made smuggling a huge business, controlled by former paramilitary groups. >> the venezuelan governments say 40% of all the food sent to border state is smuggled into columbia.
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by the look at what is sold at the wholesale market, it may not be too far off. this vendor would rather sell propers product but they concompete. >> they come in. the police and army receive a cut. the goods keep coming. corruption is the problem. >> reporter: they say this time it will be different, the plan bringing back legality to a region out of control. it sounds impossible - a quadripleemic moving a habd through the -- hand through the power of thought. that is happening is a man in the united states thanks to a chip implanted in his brain. >> reporter: as he grew up in ohio, ian burke hart says the two words that described him best were active and independent. >> tried to do whatever i could on my own.
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>> four years ago when ian was 19, all that changed dramatically in a split second on a north carolina beach. >> hanging out with friends. we went to the ocean. i dove into a wave, pushed me into a sandbar and i broke my neck, c 5 and c 6 vertebrae. >> reporter: ian was paralysed over most of his body. what do you miss most? >> the biggest thing is independence, doing things for myself. >> when the doctor suggested he take part in a revolutionary experiment, ian jumped at the chance. scientists here spent 10 years developing a way to translate signals from the brain and send them to human muscles, bipatsing the spinal coward, calling it the neurobridge. >> there was a lot to consider.
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i was saying "sign me up for brain surgery i don't need". >> this doctor at ohio state implanted a chip the size fz a pea in the motor cortex of ian's brain. >> we have to be precise and get the exact spot on the surface of the brain that controlled the movements. >> the chip, containing electrodes is attached to wires that pass through a cylinder screwed into ian's skull. they are hooked up to a powerful computer that decodes the signals, literally reading ian's mind. the computer sends the translated command to a sleeve wrapped around ian's arm, all in the blink of an eye. >> how hard do you have to concentrate? >> you have to concentrate very hard. in june came the moment of truth. could ian move to manipulating
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the computer hand to mastering his own? [ clapping ] . >> reporter: for the first time scientists bypassed the spinal court to move the muscles of a paralyzed person with his own brain. >> i don't have sensation in my hand, but for me to see my hand open and close after four years was a great feel, and gave me a lot of hope for the future. >> ian keeps pushing. understand that he may never regain the independence si lost on the north carolina beach, but knowing, too, that his pian earring effort may make it easier for other patients to move their muscles with their mind. that's an amazing story, isn't it. let's get the sport now. >> thank you. we'll start with football. cristiano ronaldo's world cup disappointment already looks to be a fast-fading memory.
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he scored as real madrid won the supercup. his efforts enshored he took top billing. despite the new sign ngs of tony crews and rodriguez. cristiano ronaldo beat the last year winners 2-0. >> it was an important trophy. and the other team played fantastic. i scored two goals, which is in my opinion, was very important for me, to build confidence to start well this season. some good, i'm happy. won trophy. very good. uruguay's strikers learn whether an appeal against a 4-month ban is successful. a verdict will be announced by the court of arbitration. the barcelona signing was banned from signing after biting an opoment during a world cup
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match, and luis suarez was suspended from nine international games. his legal team argued it was expensive. a winning start in old travored. unit beat valentia in a final pre-season game. the new manager is unbeaten at united after six friendly games. the dutchman named wayne rooney as club captain for the new league season starting on saturday against swansea. united are locking to recover from the worst-ever premier league ja season which saw them finish in seventh place. >> south america's club contribution reaches a confusion. paraguay played buenos aires in the final of the copa deller as. it's level at 1-1.
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the nationals are yet to win. neither side have won this type of game before. >> translation: the team received support. it means a lot to paraguayan football. we have given our all and warned so many titles. this is an opportunity to be seen on an international statement. >> the estranged wife of l.a. clippers owner donald sterling says she's happy the franchise has finally been sold in a $2 billion deal. shelley sterling has given her full support to the new open are of the n.b.a. franchise, technology billionaire stooep balmer. donald sterling was banned for life from the n.b.a. after making racist colleagues. we are losing the team but it's going to a person that will make us proud. in life sometimes you have to
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step down and make someone come along and go from there. i know he'll bring a championship to the city. tennis - novak djokovic struggled for his place. the reining wimbledon champion taken to three sets by his french opponent. novak djokovic - if he wins this woke he'll be the first player to win titles at all in my opinion masters event. and the biggest casualty, tsonga crashed out of the tournament after winning the rogers cup in toronto, he was beaten this straightsets. 6-1, 6-4. in the women's, the second seed is through to the third round. french open runner-up needed 87 minute to dispatch her belgium
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opponent. in straight sets, 6-4, 6-2. >> 10 years ago to the day, the greek capital of essence was starting its time as an olympic host. as the birthplace of the olympics, it was hoped the event would kick start a new era of economic and sporting stress. instead the country fell into financial crisis. many of the venues were allowed to fall apart. 10 years on it's hard to imagine this is where olympic medals were woun. it should have been a new start. many venues built for the 2004 athens olympics have been left to crumble. >> translation: we simply made the biggest mistake in our history. we turned the lights off eman l emanueled up the stayed --
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locked up the stadium and let them fall apart. it cost $11 billion over the original budget. those that helped to organise the game commits there was little lan on how the money would be earnt back. >> no one thought at that time what will happen the next day. many of the sport face itties were constructed -- facilities from constructed. no one thought that they required a lot of money for the maintenance after the olympic games ja. >> a country whoms -- ploemsar. a -- olympic games ja. a country has become an example future host are determined not to follow. that's it for me. and there's more news here on al jazeera. for me and the rest of the newshour team, bye for now.
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>> on the stream, >> american palestinians on hamas... and jewish americans on israeli government. some with critical voices carving a new path. join us... >> the stream, on al jazeera america >> hundreds of days in detention. >> al jazeera rejects all the charges and demands immediate release. >> thousands calling for their freedom. >> it's a clear violation of their human rights. >> we have strongly urged the government to release those journalists. >> journalism is not a crime.
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>> al jazeera america presents >> we all live for the moment that's all i'm trying to do 15 stories, 1 incredible journey >> edge of eighteen coming september only on al jazeera america iraq in crisis, it's prime minister clippings to power. thousands of refugees struggle to survive and the u.s. sends more military advisors, and the robin williams death, the links between depression and commission. hello, i'm antonio mora, welcome to "consider this". those stories and more ahead. >> as many as 35,000 yazidi refugees are stranded on mt sinjar in iraq. >> an iraqi helicopter