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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 13, 2014 11:00pm-12:01am EDT

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with an international affairs contributor and asked what the islamic state group hopes to achieve through the horrific act, and how england is likely to respond. >> the islamic state, so-called in iraq and then syria has all along played the symbolic politics. i think we tend to forget it now, but back in 2005 they were beheading captured we werers when they were al qaeda and others. this is not a new tactic. it's to invite a strong response from the west so as to mobilize their own forces.
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>> britain announces that it may not participate in air strikes against the islamic state. do you see it as changing the course of the action? >> philip hammond, the foreign minister of the u.k. said he didn't thing the u.k. would participate in air strikes on the islamic state group in syria. of course, the u.k. is committed to air strikes in iraq. prime minister david cameron, however, seems to disagree with his foreign minister on this issue, and the latest news could well push the u.k. towards intervention in syria as well. >> very well. it's important to point out a number of people are being held by aid workers. what is the main goal with the kidnappings, recruitment? >> yes. they face the difficulty of having competitors among rebel groups rebelling against the government in syria, and the
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government in iraq. so they want to gather people up into their organization, and the more polarization they can create, the better for them. when their opponents are shi'ite government, they kill shi'ites, and i think they want the shi'ite government to hit them hard. likewise the more they can show themselves as standing up to the west, and then as victims of western reprisals, the better recruitment goes for them. >> international contributor juan cole. secretary of state john kerry is on the move. he arrived in paris for an international conference on monday. the topic - how to deal with the islamic state. this on the heels of a trip to egypt where he attempted to garner support for the fight against i.s. >> reporter: the coalition against the islamic state group has gaped a crit -- gained a
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critical ally. >> egypt has a critical role to play in denouncing the ideology that i.s.i.l. dissem nates. it was ab -- dissem nates. it's an important discussion in jeddah, and in cairo. it's something that the religious establishments - they both fully support and understand. egypt's foreign minister offered his country's help and regional support it a largely western international coalition, allied with the islamic state group. >> translation: i support the international efforts to fight terrorism and work on supporting the efforts and measures to put an end to the phenomena, whether in iraq, libya or the arab world or libya. >> reporter: it's not clear that egypt will play a military role, but it offers help in the ideological battle.
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the alliance could look like the coalition of the willing, that invaded and occupied iraq in 2003. >> in baghdad iraq's prime minister says he ordered the army to stop shelling populated areas held by the islamic state. >> he should order and stop targetting civilians. orders were clear. we don't want more incident victims to be killed or groups controlleded by the islamic state group. >> clashes between security and fighters has taken its toll on civilians living in the islamic state areas. more than 1.8 million have been displaced in iraq since january, when a rapid advance by the islamic state fighters began. we invite you to stay with us. later we'll look at the islamic state group, and the countries that the u.s. is recruiting to fight them, coming up in 10 minutes. tonight - a manhunt is underway
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for a gunman who ambushed two pennsylvania state troopers last night, killing one, injuring another. the shootings happened at the barracks. >> reporter: the shooting happened before 11:00pm in blomming grove in pike's country. the state police commissioner called the shooting a cowardly act. >> we have a dangerous, armed criminal who has killed one pennsylvania state trooper and wounded another, that is not in custody. as you can imagine, this is a traumatic event for the pennsylvania state police, and all of law enforcement in pennsylvania. a trooper was leaving the barracks, and another arriving. >> we are talking to many people, there is no specific person that was a suspect. the group was this stable but critical condition. >> hundred of police officers, and a swat team canvassed the
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area for clues on foot and by helicopter. police released scant details as the search continues in a heavily wooded area in the borders with new york and new jersey. >> it seems to be an attack on law enforcement and our former government. i don't know. but i can't quiet anyone's fears because, we don't have the pesh in custody -- person in custody. >> police did not belief the general public is at risk, but ask the public to be on the look out for anything suspicious. >> the violent protests may be over in ferguson, missouri, but there's outrage over the police killing of an unarmed black teenager. a peaceful rally was held for 18-year-old michael brown, killed five weeks ago. the marchers called for the arrest of darren wilson, the officers that killed the teenager. the federal department of justice is conducting its own investigation of the shooting, leading to two weeks of unrest.
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today, a video allegedly shows two witnesses. brown's family says it's proof that the unarmed teenager was shot while arms were in the air. the video matches what others said about brown's death, . in uganda security has been stepped up in hotels after a terrorist plot was uncovered. an al-shabab cell was found planning an attack. suspects were rescued. the u.s. embassy described the attack as eminent. it warned them to stay indoors
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overnight. al-shabab publicly vowed revenge after the u.s. military killed its leader in somalia. now to ukraine, where rebels attacked the donetsk airport. ukraine's prime minister assess the country remains in a state of war. the ceasefire for now is holding. our correspondent reports from donetsk. >> reporter: this is what the ceasefire sounds like on the outskirts of donetsk. gungun [ explosion ] >> reporter: pro-russian rebels wouldn't show their faces, but showed ordinances they claim ukranian forces are using to fire on them and the city. this is as close as we can get to the airport, which is a kilometre beyond the checkpoint where small amps, artillery --
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arms, artillery tank rounds have been raining down on the stronghold that has been maintained for months, it's an important prize strategically that the dpr rebels want to take control of. in kiev, the prime minister admitted the ceasefire was flimsy. >> let me put it bluntly, we are in a state of war, and the key aggressor is russian operation. russia denies its military involvement and sent a second convoy of supplies. residents there need food and support. >> translation: today we received humanitarian aid from the russian federation. until now we have unloaded eight cars with rice, sugar, canned fish and meat. it will be delivered to people with passports from luhansk, and the luhansk region, in different places. pro-russian rebels disrupted the aid. that may -- distributed the aid.
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that may win them trust. >> like donetsk, they must reassure the residents that they can keep the peace. these are traffic police with the new insignia of the donetsk people's republic. the rebel authorities want to show the public that order has returned. some, like the gunmen in the car, are beyond the war. for others, the war may not be over. it's time to get on with their lives. >> there are 600,000 syrian refugees living in jordan, many in illegal structures. efforts to get them in safer drawings failed. we have this report from a village in jordan. >> reporter: when the jordanian authorities evacuated a number of illegal communities, some refugees built cement homes instead, without obtaining construction licences or permits. the government wants all refugees to live inside official
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camps. many say they can't. this person from homs has six children, two of home were born with brain paralysis. they lived in a tent before a jordanian man built them a comment structure to protect them from weather conditions they cannot withstand. >> they cannot tolerate hot or cold weather. if it's too hot, they get diarrhoea. if it's too cold, they catch a cold or flu. since moving into the home, it's better eight people live in the home. it's better than nothing. the room is made from tin, and the wall from cement blocks. in the village, which is home to a large refugee camp, more than 13,000 syrians live in cement homes. some pay represents to landowners if they can, others don't pay anything. >> authorities say there's little they can do to stop the
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refugees building illegal structures, because the land belongs to jordanian tribes, to whom the refugees are related, and they are at times more powerful than the government here. >> this is one of the most influential tribes. and all the refugees here hail from the same tribe in homs. >> the syrians here have jordanian relatives, when they fled, they sought protection with families in jordan, we don't see the building of illegal homes, we see it as a brother helping a brother. >> a jordanian man is building a home for a family. syrian refugees are not allowed to work in jordan, there's sympathy, especially in the tribal areas. >> translation: my living standards will change. there's a difference between living in a tent and having a roof over your head. i'll be pure and living in the wilderness. >> jordanians understand the
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burden the syrian refugee crisis placed on jordan and its resources. they don't want syrians to stay, that they have to return to their country eventually, and they are only helping in the meantime. >> a plea from pope francis who says he feels he's witnessing a piecemeal world war iii. at his whom olly he blamed terrorism for unrest. >> standing here in this cemetery i say one thing, war is madness, ruins the bonds between brothers, it's irrational. it seeks to grow by destroying it. the pope calls for the end of conflict in iraq, syria and gaza. the islamic state claims to
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have beheaded u.k. aid workers david haips. we look at -- david haips. we look at the group. many american farmers say they are squeezed out of businesses. the many challenges they face coming up. >> tough realities... >> we chicago ch-iraq, because we have more killings... >> life changing moments... >> shut the camera.... >> from oscar winning director, alex gibney, a hard hitting look at the real issues facing american teens. the incredible journey continues... on the edge of eighteen only on all jazeera america
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tonight we take a deeper look at the islamic state group, and the coalition president president barack obama is building to fight it. earlier, i.s. claims to have beheaded british aid worker david haines. he was kidnapped in idlib province, the latest development as president obama calls for a global coalition to fight i.s. tom ackerman has more. >> reporter: if there was an underlying vision in president obama's call for action against the islamic state, these words were the closest. >> it's the core principle of my presidency. if you threaten america, you'll find no safe haven
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>> reporter: it's not the first time obama followed that rule, as he did in pursuing and killing osama bin laden. he has been more explicit in saying what he'll avoid doing in relation to the armed forces. >> reporter: last may he told graduates. >> from world war ii our mistake was not from restraints, but rushing in without thinking though the consequence, without building international support and legitimacy for our action. >> reporter: in keeping with the belief, u.s. secretary of state john kerry bescan talks in saudi arabia with -- began talks in saudi arabia with allies to wage a campaign against i.s. >> arab nations play a critical role in that coalition, the leading role, across all lines of effort. >> republican foes in washington
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have not challenged a pledge that u.s. ground forces will not be sent into combats, but they say he is not going fuf. >> we must kick i.s. hard in iraq. an iraq only approach will not work. obama described the emission to degrade and destroy the islamic state as a counterterrorism effort, not an all-outer war, like the ones that defeated saddam hussein, also with allied support. it took the u.s. a few weeks to declare victory then, obrsh effectively -- obama effectively left this campaign open-ended. >> he did not say anything about a time frame. that's wide. if he said "we'll do it in a year, two years", he would have been held to it. >> obama's foreign policy ratings have fallen lower than the overall rating, a painful dilemma for a pledge to undo
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predecessors failed commitments overseas. >> let's take a deeper look. joining us, michael kay a retired colonel and advisor to the british ministry of defense. he's a foreign policy and economics correspondent in new york. also, jamie, a senior staff writer at al jazeera america and reported on the middle east. great to have you both with us. michael, your reaction to the brutal murder of david haines. >> yes, it's a despicable act of violence by i.s., and my thoughts and prayers are with mr haines' family, who are being courageous and strong. this is an incredibly emotive subject. as hard as it is not to be dragged by the emotion, we have to maintain focus in terms of the west's reaction to what is going on in syria at the moment. what i mean by that is we need
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to focus on a strategy that is a military strategy fused with foreign policy that tackles the issues on a long-term basis. >> britain has been a friend to america. as far as the coalition and the latest beheading - will it change britain's course? >> i don't think it will. but what it needs to do is make sure what its foreign minister, philip hammond, is saying is what is in the prime minister's mind. there was a discrepancy last week about their actions. mr hammond indicated in no uncertain terms would u.k. get involved in air strikes, but mr david cameron and his spokespeople were quick to say all options were on the table. there needs to be a fusion. >> all options on the table. when looking at the coalition, how different was it to the one we saw in 2003, in iraq.
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>> in 2003 it came two years after 9/11, and just the movement around the world and the rush to side with america after inch, and the attacks that day, and everywhere kind of agrees that afghanistan and moving into afghanistan was a smart idea. the iraq coalition, not so much. people were not as willing, that's why they called it the coalition of the willing. many of the arab states pulled out. they withdrew, they were quiet about their involvement. it caused so much dismay in the middle east. you know, again we are seeing a tepid response. they have their own issues to sort out right now. we see na in egypt and having a secretary of state coming out and saying that iran was not involved in any way. and that's because of nuclear talks on the other side, or
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because of the influence of revolutionary gods in syria and iraq. those are questions we need to see. >> we talk about iran, and two players. perhaps you can add, iran and russia. is there a true coalition without the participation of iran. >> i don't think we can. we are not focussing on the commonalties, we are focussing on nuclear capability. we have to understand and prioritise the threat to the west. is it coming from iran, putin, russia, and purported ideas of expansionism or is it an is lappic caliphate. -- is it an islamic caliphate. we have to draw on the commonalties, we have to get russia, china on side. there needs to be a rehabilitation from the united nations security council, because it's been infective when it has come to syria, so far. i.s. is a symptom of a broader problem, and that is syria,
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bashar al-assad, and before we do anything that targets i.s.i.s. and funding moderate and supporting moderate rebels, we have to have a plan that goes with bashar al-assad, or replaces bashar al-assad, but we have to look at the secondary and tertiary effect. >> i want to talk about more of what you are calling moderate rebels. when we talk about syria and the involvement of syria, was it an involvement to not involve the government. can they effectively be involved? >> it was the choice from the beginning. in terms of bashar al-assad, and his treatment of the civilians, a horrific chemical attacks, the blatant bombing and mass casualties, i think people lost counselled of the numbers of civilians killed, hundreds upon thousands of refugees, and the ripple effect that the problem in syria had across the region, they are all in lebanon, coming
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across the border into iraq. everyone who is dealing with this has kind of ignored syria all this time. when you listen to president obama's rhetoric before announcing his strategy, he had been talking about the islamic state, in and of itself and the effect in iraq without talking about syria. as michael said, you cannot talk about the islamic state, without talking about syria as well. >> is there anyone within syria to work with? >> well, i mean, i think there's a really interesting, you know, situation that we have here, maybe once this all started, and we had, sort of, a place of people coming out and speaking, maybe at that time, but, you know, a lot of the moderates were killed. who is left now? and it really - all this time when bashar al-assad was saying "i'm fighting terrorism", it's happened. he is fighting terrorist groups. this is - you know, i know
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senator john mccain was vocal, talking about how if anyone listened to him a year ago we wouldn't be in the position now. there's a lot to be said about that. >> we hear the term moderate rebels and syrians, how do you define the group. where are they? >> it's a million dollar question. there are key aspects and worries that i have with the strategy involving funding and supporting rebels. the first thing is that we don't know who they are, and they are part of 1200 military rebel militia thugs prailting within that -- operating within that region at the moment. there's no governance, no army, no police that can control them. we don't know who they are. we don't know how to vet them. they will also be fighting on two flanks. a free syrian army which is effectively what we are talking about when we are planning on supporting and funding the rebels. they'll fight i.s.i.s. unless something is done about bashar al-assad.
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they'll fight bashar al-assad as welling. will we support a militia fighting two wars within the same country, which is effectively aiding people like saudi arabia's long-term aims in pushing bashar al-assad out. there are so many different secondary and tertiary effects that we need to consider. we need to look at history. we have done this with the mujahideen, and he turned into the taliban, and we saw the sitinger missiles used against us and the taliban, to great effect, defend afghanistan against the coalition. we need to see what happens when afghanistan moves into iraq. and they wipe out the security structures, the air strikes in libya, and the lack of governance, and there's so many examples that we need to learn from. >> you are shaking your head. >> no, i agree. we don't need to look as far back as that. what happens in libya, john
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mccain is on the ground. they said they have to arm the people, fund them, support them. they were up against a brutal dictator, and it ended in a pile of blood and bodies. if that is not an example of the way syria could go, i don't know what else there could be. >> there are reports of sectarian tensions on the ground in iraq. shia groups deny they are conducting offensives sue turton reports from northern iraq. >> reporter: a shia militia checkpoint north-west of amerli. we were told men from this group, the badr brigade are looting and torturing after groups allowed the islamic state group fighters to hide out. nine days earlier the militia welcomed us into the town, fighting alongside the army and
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the peshmerga. today the atmosphere is different. we were told to pull over the mimisha men -- militia men aim sniper rifles, rocket propelled grenades at us. >> we have been trying to negotiate our way through the checkpoint. there are peshmerga fighters on the same checkpoint. it's clear the shia militias make a difference. we are trying to get to film a village that they flattened and torched. a village that had sunni arabs in it. eventually they let us through. the peshmerga say the sunni mosque we pass was shelled by the militia. we arrive in the sunni village, it's deserted. houses have been torched. one is smouldering. the peshmerga has a position close by, they are pulling out.
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the commander says his men respect the house they set up camp in. >> we are giving our life to unite iraq, protecting all people's property. others are not doing this. in particularly the badr organization. >> the peshmerga have gone house to house dismantling devices. in this command wires buried under the road. they found explosives left under a toilet seat. our escort takes us to a nearby town, where the shia fighters beheaded an arab sunni resident. >> translation: when we witnessed it it made us angry. we cannot accept it. if it happens again, we'll fight you. we order them to stop, they do no do so >> reporter: the shia don't take orders from them. this man was filmed, an iranian giving orders in farsi.
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many iraqi fighters were alongside the shia. in response, the spokesman for the badr organization said:. >> as president obama announces an expansion of air strikes across northern i can. re risked the militia taking control of the arab territory. it will do nothing to win the hearts and minds of the sunni community. joining us again from anashour michigan is international affairs contributor, juan cole. what are the risks in the
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president's approach? >> well, the united states is offering to provide air support. the enemies are the shi'ite militia, kurdish peshmerga, who are not arabs, and the iraqi army, which is shi'ite, and then you do have some iranian forces on the ground. if we give close air support to that coalition of fighters. it looks like a non-sunni crusade against the sunni arabs. if they are mainly wanting to overthrow the islamic state group, they'll take sunni arab villages and there are dangers of that being seen. >> president obama and his staff tout an inclusive iraqi government. what role do you see the
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government playing right now? >> the new government is somewhat better than the predes tesor nouri al-maliki -- predecessor nouri al-maliki, and being a government of unity, they have given high positions to sunnis. they haven't announced the minister for homeland security, or announced who the minister of defence is. and so far they have not given a lot to the sunni arabs. they hope you can use a shi'ite sectarian government. which is still what this is, which has an alliance with the kurds, to be more inclusive of the sunni arabs. that's a hard task. >> was the plan mapped out sufficient. >> i think it's a stop. there are a couple of white elephants in the room.
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it doesn't address the problem of syria and bashar al-assad. we need to have a hard conversation about what the world's view is, and where we go with that. we talk about iraq. iraq is important, but it is something that will prevent the contagion of i.s.i.s., rather than resolve the issue, and the importance of iraq at the moment is about political unity and uniting the sunny and sunni sects, to come together as iraqi people, it's important, about recognising themselves as a sovereign identity, as an iraqi person, rather than a shi'a and a sunni, because that will prevent participation sunnis of maybe going across i.s.i.s. in order to reach the islamic caliphate. it's the importance of iraq, but it's not the solution to the problem. >> we'll talk about the few other nations getting involved. saudi arabia and turkey. >> saudi arabia has agreed to host the training camps for the
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syrian opposition, and it strikes me as convenient for saudi arabia, which has been supporting opposition groups in syria all the time, and it almost legitimizes what they have been doing. and rather than - the thing about saudi arabia, and it speaks to the delicacy of the relationship between the u.s. and saudi arabia, the fact that it is a strategic security relationship in the region, washington overlooks human rights and the fact that saudi arabia beheads people. they have had so many executions here. they called the area where they had the executions, chop, chop square. people that are killed for nonviability crimes. >> 19 since august the 4th. it's okay for saudi arabia - you have to understand the mentality of someone who lives there and to see that they are so used to
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escorting the sons of islam. they have been funded all over the world, and to see the behaviours - they are not doing enough to do the funding. they are not doing a lot to prevent people going over the borders and going in. whatever they can do, you have to step back and look at it as the region, and they don't see syria or iraq, but iran. they'll say we'll do what we can because we lost the foot hold in iraq. ultimately at the end of the day - this is the problem, whatever we end up doing in iraq and syria, and i say this earlier. the u.s. is choosing a side, when it chooses who to support. if you choose to support the sunnis because you are upset with iran, this will damage the ethnic landscape of the region for a long time. >> a difficult, complex subject. it will be a tough sell.
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we'll have to leave it there. thank you both for joining us. >> still ahead on the programme - a major social issue in the headlines. athletes and domestic violence, and the responsibility that sports fans have going forward.
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welcome back. drug smugglers dumped 1.5 tonnes of marijuana into the caribbean, throwing it overboard while being chased by the coast guard. it was all recovered. the coast guard had a tip from smugglers heading from jamaica to panama. troubling headlines surrounding the start of football seen is not what the n.f.l. envisioned. two star players will not be on the field. we report on the unsettling
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off-field developments. >> ray rice has become the face of domestic violence, he was not the only one accused of abuse. the assault to his fiance was caught on video, sparking a debate, putting a spotlight on the disciplinary action. it dolls out in comparison to other offenses. rice received a 2-game suspension for the assault and never stood trial. according to new jersey judiciary data, the pre-trial intervention programme the ravens' star back was offered was granted to less than 1% of all domestic violence assault cases from 2010 to 2013 that were resolved. it took a second video for the ravens to release rice, and the league to suspend him. while ray rice sits at home. two other players facing domestic abuse players are on the field. 49ers defensive linesman ray
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mcdonald was arrested august 21st, on suspicion of domestic violence against his pregnant fiancee. his court hearing was postponed while police continue an investigation. the coach says he's on the field due to due process, as he hasn't been charged. it's a stuffer argument in carolina, where greg hardy was found guilty of threat thing his girlfriend and threatening to kill her. despite hearing the 911 tape, hardy is on the field. the front office says they'll let the legal system play out. and vikings adrian petersen indicted and arrested for negly get injury to a child. the pictures show that he unintentionally gave injuries to his son as punishment for fighting with another child. >> a grand jury looked at the
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injuries inflicted on the trial, determining that the discipline was not reasonable, and did not reflect the community standards of what was reasonable discipline. the team deemed him inactive for a contest against the patriots. peterson turned himself in, released on 15,000 bail. >> the organisation for women weighed in on the n.f.l.'s handling of the incident, calling for the ousting of ffl commissioner roger goodell. >> ray rice needs to be held accountable for his actions, there's no question about that. we have said that the n.f.l. doesn't have a ray rice problem. the n.f.l. has a violence against women problem. and roger goodell throughout his tenure as commissioner of the n.f.l. - once we looked into it, what we found is he had
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consistently tried to sweep domestic violence incidents under the rurug, denied, evade e victim, silence people that want to speak out against things like sexual harassment going on on the job. roger goodell is not the person that can credibly commit to making the kinds of systematic changes that we believe need to be made in the n.f.l. we have called for goodell to resign, but his successor to review top to bottom all the domestic violence, stalking, dated violence in the n.f.l. community, and to unpack why it's happening. look, there's a number of things we know that an jeghtor should look at. look at the way employees are treated. particularly the cheer leaders. is there a sexual harass.
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is there - look at the way that another thing, the n.f.l., should be looking at. is have they gone in and tried aggressively to protect the personnel against being held accountable throughout the system. if that is so, why. we have many questions that need to be answered, and that is why we have called for an independent investigator to go in. >> terry o'neil says they cannot run or take responsibility for what goes on in the community of the n.f.l. still ahead - a virus believed to have sickened hundreds of children, spreads to the north-east of the details after the break. with major competition from large farms, most family farmers are struggling to stay in business. >> tonight there is good news for the future.
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. >> new york joins the list of
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states with confirmed cases of the entero virus 68 respiratory illness, bringing the numbers of state with the virus to seven. according to the centers for disease controls, almost 100 cases have been confirmed. new york is one of the first state in the north-east to develop the entero virus. it's hitting children, especially those with asthma. symptoms are like the common cold, including sneezing, runny nose and a cough. some children are having trouble breathing. there's no vaccine, and because there is a virus, there's no cure. >> the 29th farm aid concert is winding down in north carolina. several musicians started the event 30 years ago. courtney keeley reports a lot changed in three decades, the assistance family farms need keeps growing. >> farm aid was launched by willie nelson, john melan camp
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and neil young, it raised more than 45 million and donates to programs helping to keep family farms in business. farm aid communications director talks about the economic tough times formers are faced with in 1985 when farm aid kicked off. >> the first thing about farming is you put your money. >> the ground and hope you make money. you don't always. farmers defaulted on the loans, their business is tied up in their home. they are not just losing a business, they lose their home. in many cases for the farmers, they lost the legacy of their family. >> federal law was passed in 1987 to help the farmers keep their forms, the 1990s brought new challenges, the rise of large corporate farms. to put it in pe spective in 1945, there were 6.8 million farms. today it shrunk to 2 million farms. 90% have a profit of just over
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2500 a year. 74% of all income generated nationally comes from only the top five" of farms. >> they say we are against an army of goliaths. corporate control, corporate power, big guy versus little guy is a huge issue in the food system. and that and what we are working on, informing people of the fact that the power is concentrated in the large farm, but 90% of family farms earn most of their living off the farm, and, you know, that's not right, it's too important to us to relegate to the few. some of the hurdles privately-owned farms face stiff competition. one-sided contrast with
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wholesalers, for example. the severe drought california is facing. there is good news for farmers. in the last 14 years, a movement to revive communities with locally grown food has taken off across the country. there's a record 8,000 farmers' markets, and food hubs are springing up, where produce from several farmers pulled together and sold to distributors, like grocery stores, hospitals and universities. small gains many will be kept in business. >> earlier, al jazeera's richelle carey spoke to a professor of economics at cornell university. despite the struggle for small farmers, it's not only their livelihood, but their lifestyle. >> today we see a great bifewer sayings between large farms, where in many ways the bread basket and those that fill
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niches and are diminishing in total number. >> why would someone want to be in farming, a smaller person. there seems to be many challenges. >> many farmers tell you it's a way of life, something they embrace because they enjoy it. smaller scale farms are augmenting income by working off farm. the smaller scale have negative farm income and get up above zero because they work off the farm. that's a lifestyle choice saying if i have to work outside that's fine, i want to live on the land. >> where do you see the future of it? more corporations? >> i hesitate to use corporation, that terms, almost all are family businesses, just large family besides. one of my friends likes to say you have to get big or you have
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to do something special, and the point is you either have to have low cost, which tend to come with size, or you have to create a value that the big guy can't do. you have to serve a niche market, specialised product, be local, give the consumer who is able and willing to pay more tore something, that thing that they want, and we are seeing that happening in agriculture left and right. community supporting agriculture, farms, cheese processing, a variety of things where innovative farmers are meeting the niche market opportunities. texas is slammed by flooding. >> up to 5 inches of rain fall in places west of brownsville texas, along the border through the rio grande valley. great news - they have something thou that helps with all the
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flash flooding. we have the details to that coming up next.
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a lot of heat in southern california, in fact, we had record warm low temperatures to start the day, and that got the temperatures soaring into the triple digits in many places. for instance, thing about a low temperatures of 87 degrees. palm springs. warm start, hot finish. we did have a couple of smaller record highs broken in parts of southern california. over all, it will be a hot stretch, through the rest of the weekend, heat advisories and warnings in place for southern california, away from the coastline. further inland, the hotter it will get. speaking of the further inland you go, it will get a little wetter the further south. new mexico's deal with an area of - it's a hurricane.
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category 1. we expect it to weaken as it moved to the north, north-west. current ensemble miles indicate that it will stretch up as it falls part. weekends, moisture will be spurring showers and thunder storms into parts of the south-west. keep in mind it was six days ago because of hurricane norbert that we had feepism get an all-time day-time record amount of rainfall. it was three and a third inches. we are expecting another round of showers and storms. what is really helping with the tropical moisture causing flash flooding in texas. there was a new launch, it will help to speak spanish, not texas. >> thank you. originally it was a wrish drinking song -- british drinking song. it was given a new set of lyrics
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and became the "star spangled banner." the 2-century old fort that guarded the harbour of baltimore attracts more than 600,000 tourists because of the song that is america's national anthem ♪ oh say can you see ♪ by the dawn's early lig light ...♪ >> reporter: >> reporter: it was the successful defense of fort henry by the invading british, and the flag that flew after the battle that inspired francis scott key to write the words to "star spangled banner." words that are recited every day. >> tis the star-sprangled banner, long may it wave...
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>> reporter: if not for the anthems, americans would just as soon forget the war of 1812, gaining neither territory or political advantage. before ending the british burnt oun washington d.c., including the white house. the "star spangled banner" had its critics - it's too worthy, too many high note, worst of all, the melody is not american. >> it was a tune composed for a london gentlemens coral society. >> i talk to them, they have no idea what we are talking about "what, we inspired the national an them? >> yes, we bloody did. >> one that americans take ownership. >> i represents america. >> every time it plays, i get
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tears. >> yes, i do. >> no matter how it's played. it's a beautiful song. i'm thomas drayton in new york. thanks for watching. 13 years after 9/11, news that the islamic state group may have tripled in seize in three months. the son of a hamas founder who switched sides to spy on the group for a decade joins us with the israeli intelligent agent who risked everything to keep him alive. hello, i'm antonio mora, welcome to "consider this". those stories and more ahead. >> it has now been 13

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