>> this is "eva bee's jamboree" live from new york city. i'm richelle carey, and these are the top stories. indian prime minister narendra modi is in new york city. the pro-democracy protest in hong kong intensifies, going into the fourth day. in the battle against i.s.i.l., snowing who is who -- knowing who is who can be a deadly challenge. a fire in a traffic air control center.
cancellations and delay and indian prime minister narendra modi drew a crowd of 20,000 people during his appearance in new york city this afternoon. in the united states for the first time since his inauguration and ahead of a white house visit, narendra modi got a rousing reception at maddison square garden. mostly indian american, most supporters of the prime minister. most, not all. we were with the crowd outside the arena. >> 20,000 members of the indian-american community turned out at maddison square garden to here narendra modi speak. he was joined by the corporate leaders and spoke of his humble
beginning. it wasn't all adulation in new york. 1,000 protesters turned up outside. it is dwindling. narendra modi should not have been given a visa to go to the u.s. they say he shouldn't have been given a role due to the deaths of 2,000 dying during protests in 2002. and that he helps the 1%, the rich. the economic record is not all it made out to be, they say. voting goes from here to washington d.c. on monday and tuesday, and he'll meet with president obama and other senior leaders of the united states. for nearly a decade prime minister narendra modi was barred from entering the u.s., despite being unable to, his popularity soared. >> the indian prime minister's
visit to the united states is reason to celebrate. to say the family is a narendra modi supporter is an understatement. >> we welcome him here in the united states, we are excited to see him. >> reporter: patel's father sent 7 months in india campaigning for narendra modi. he has raised expectations within the american-indian community ahead of a meeting with president obama. >> we need excellent relationship between the u.s. and indian government. it helps indians living in america and in india. indians make up 1% of the population in the united states, as a group they are an extremely successful bump. the average household income far exceeds that of others, and many hope that better relations between the united states and
india will elevate their status here. it's a remarkable turnaround for the indian prime minister who arrived in new york to cheering crowds. he was barred from setting foot in the u.s. over accusations that he did little to stop riots in the state of gugarat when he was chief executive in 2002. 2,000 muslims were killed in the violence. this woman if the south asian collective, starting a campaign, protesting the visit. >> it's the ideology that narendra modi is part of that muslims are coming from the outside, when they have been there for thousands of years. >> on friday, the u.n. federal court summoned narendra modi to
report to the supreme court. it is largely symbolic. there's a lot of debate about how to define the indian civil cast. it's a vast consumer market, and that is what has been tempting to a lot of american investors. investors are hoping the excitement in the indian community is matched in washington. later tonight we'll look at current relations between the u.s. and india as prime minister narendra modi visit the united states. do not miss it tonight. it is monday morning in hong kong. and already we are seeing crowds in the streets. it will be the fourth day pro-democracy demonstrators rally. they are angry over the decision to vet candidates for the election in 2017.
tear gas was fired to disperse the protesters, scott heidler has been following the protests. >> tens of thousands of protesters in the center part of hong kong. this has evolved on sunday. it started earlier in the day. numbers grew, there were conversations, pepper spray was used. a lot of protesters used umbrellas to propel that. that continued in the day. in the late afternoon we saw the use of tear gas by the police. it started in this area here, and it pushed a lot of the protesters down the channel and a lot less. more came back. around that time. the father of the democratic movement in hong kong came and saw the protesters before the tear gas was fired. >> when you say you were winning, what do you mean? >> people power. the police tried to block them
unsuccessfully. they are calm, peaceful. we say this is a movement of peace and love. >> in the early evening, something we hadn't seen before. in most cases you saw the confrontation, the protesters pushed back by the tear gas and pepper spray. in a bridge in the central part of hong kong, we saw something interesting. a lot of protesters sat in the middle of this walkway. police were coming up with riot gear, and there was a stand off. what we had seen around the area where the government complex is, the police unfurled a sign saying police line, do not cross. when it happened a big cheer went up and the confrontation ended with the police coming down. this is a big financial industry, banking industry. what will happen monday morning when tens of thousands are out
here. what will the police do in the coming hours, and what will monday morning look like. >> scott heidler reporting from hong kong. >> now for the latest developments in the fight against i.s.i.l. a syrian humanitarian rights group said u.s. forces carried out three strikes on oil refineries. the group would fight back, it was warned, if air strikes continued. strikes are targetting nusra, al qaeda's syrian affiliate, as kurdish forces halt i.s.i.l.'s advance. more than 140,000 syrians crossed into turkey to flee the fighting. stefanie dekker has the latest from the turkey-syrian border. >> the town of kobani is nestled across the border from us here in turkey. it's been a quiet day. i say relatively. saturday, four shells landed fired by i.s.i.l., there were
injuries reporting. just in the last few hours, more military activity has been on the eastern side, and a couple of loud explosions, and we spoke to sources with the ypg, fighters protecting the area from the i.s.i.l. vanses, and they seem to fire artillery behind the hill to the west. i.s.i.l. has three flanks. the western side is where they are closest, 2km. at its most, 12km to the south, and 10-12 to the east. it's a fluid battle and humanitarian impact is enormous. 150,000 had to flee into turkey. at the moment it is a difficult situation, and they are terrified of the advances. i have to tell you at the moment the kurdish fighters have been able to keep i.s.i.l. back from reaching the town. >> the city of kirkuk has seen
an influx of sunni arabs, making it hardest from supporters to determine who is an i.s.i.l. loyalist and who is not. >> in a building site in the south of kirkuk, kurdish special forces follow up on a tip off that an i.s.i.l. sleeper cell is hiding. they discover a container buried under ground. hidden inside a large cache of weapons and explosives. three men were at the site, moving to kirkuk, after fleeing fighting in the village and boasted to the officers that they were i.s.i.l. the men and evidence were handed over to the iraqi police to be sent to the courts. kurdish security officers had little hope that the suspects would be connected. . >> translation: many judges told us that their homes are in the south, and are not protected. i.s.i.l. attacks them. others are afraid to put their
families in danger. we found that some of the judges are arab sunnis, and nationalistic. that's why they released them. >> the sunni arab population in kirkuk increased enormously over the past few months as or 100,000 fled the fighting. it's become a nervous city, with a security force finding the difficult to track down those suspected of being loyal to i.s.i.l., hiding in this community. >> there are two kind of sunni arabs, some are in league with i.s.i.l., and some against them. it's important for us to give updated information to the air strikes, so they don't attack the wrong side. we have good relations and telling them to stay away from i.s.i.l. >> the frontline is 30km outside of the city. >> i've been asked to keep my voice down. we are so close to the i.s.i.l. position.
it's 50 meters away across the river. the problems the fighters have of clearing the area is there are 45 sunni arab villages living in the three villages across the way, and they don't want to kill the civilians, they are saying "we can't force i.s.i.l. out of the villages." a coalition air strike hit across the river, killing four, including two senior i.s.i.l. commanders. the operations hub will not lunch attacks where civilians are living, and they cannot help to weed out i.s.i.l. sleeper cells. only a fully functioning security team can do that. german authorities believe 400 german citizens have joined i.s.i.l. in syria and iraq, many from berlin. muslims fear they'll be treated with more suspicion than normal. they have more to fear from the radical islam than non-muslim
germans. >> the president obama emphasis the international coalition making up i.s.i.l. it was reit rated in a series of interviews, and the white house's opposition to using ground forces. >> the main emphasis is to move i.s.i.l. back, get them on their heels, off their toes. we are seeing an impact on iraq. we have been moving them back. same thing in syria. you have seen the fires days of strikes. this will be a long-term effort, it will be sustained and effective because we'll be work working with partners on the ground. >> the defense department showed a video. the strike took place yesterday in a town near the turkish border. house speaker john boehner
believes that they may need to use ground forces. >> at the end of the day it will take more than air strikes. someone's boots have to be on the ground. listen, the president doesn't want to do this. if i was the president. i probably would talk about what i wouldn't do. maybe we can get enough of these forces trained to get them on the battlefield. someone's boots have to be there. boner said if other nations are unable to destroy i.s.i.l., it will have no choice but to send in troops. an employee sabotage brought flight to a halt. brian howard set equipment on fire and cut wires at a control center causing flights to be cancelled. our colleague is one of many
stranded passengers, joining us from o'hare, stefanie dekker, how are you and thousand of other? >> i'm standing here at the united terminal in o'hare, and 550 flights out of o'hare were cancelled - among them, my flight back to new york, which is why i'm standing doing a live shot. you see the departure and arrivals board. i counted the cancelled flight - there are about 50. i was one of the lucky ones that took one of the few flights that flew out of new york into o'hare. i was here to attend a wedding of a good friend. several guests didn't make it. a bridesmaid had to drive from demoyne, others were difficult verted through -- diverted through nashville. this is the plight of a lot of passengers. you can see the passenger - i'm doing this on my iphone.
it looks normal. this is busy travel day, sunday at o'hare. but you see a lot of passengers that come up to the board, they see the cancelled and are really disappointed. >> i would imagine so. obviously airports in chicago are where so many connect to get to other places. which flights are the most effective. >> that's right. chicago is the second busiest airport on the planet. united airlines has a major hub. i'm in the united airlines terminal. what that means is a lot of people transit through chicago. even those that might have made it might have gotten stuck, because the second leg of their flight didn't take off. when i look up at the board, a lot of smaller cities, where you see the most cancellations, kentucky, cedar rapids, iowa.
the fact is that there are dozens of main line flight, the flights to new york, dallas that were cancelled today. so that really gives you an idea of how deep the systematic problem is of the one facility in aurora taken out. >> a couple more questions. it seemed to be slowly getting back to normal. situations like this, when people are stuck together people make friend. are you making friends there? >> i have to say i've not been able to get a flight out of united. so i have rebooked my flight for tomorrow morning. i'll do live shots for you and the morning programme and there'll be a replacement anchor. can't say i'll be making friends. i overheard really frustrated people. this is the kind of cancellation board you may see during a snow storm in chicago. the fact is this is the work,
apparently, of one person, in one facility, and you have thousands the flight cancelled. not just out of chicago, but the domino effect and flight affected nationwide. a lot of people that will not be able to make it to work. and again this was not an act of god, but the act of one person, and it's extraordinary to those of us that have been stranded that one person can achieve that damage on the nation's transportation system. >> remarkable and frustrated. i hope you make it back soon and the other stranded too. and i hope the boss is watching how you went above and beyond. >> he'll pay for my hotel tonight. >> you know it. >> take care. let's talk about air travel. relief for air passengers in france. a 2-week strike by pilot coming to an end. next, the death toll climbs as
violence overnight in ferguson, missouri, the same town where protests erupted after an unarmed teen was shot by a police officer, the police officer is wounded and the suspect is at large. courtney kealy is here with more and things are tense in ferguson. >> yes, there has been more gun fire in ferguson, the two incidents took place in parts of town not connected with the protests over the shooting of michael brown, and don't appear to be related, but they definitely add to the tension in the city. >> reporter: a ferguson police officer was shot in the arm during an altercation on a routine patrol. the officer fired in return, but there was no indication that he hit either suspect that remains at large. the injured officer was taken to
a st louis hospital and is expected to recover. overnight an off-duty st louis officer was shot at while driving in his car, and suffered minor injuries from the broken class. president obama spoke at the black congressional caucus about the issues coming to light after connor brown's shooting. >> in too many communities around the country a gulf of mistrust exists between local residents and law enforcement. too many young many of colour feel targeted by law enforcement. guilty of walking while black, driving while black, judged by stereo took place. >> reporter: on friday ferguson's police chief thomas jackson issued an apology in a video statement to the brown family. >> i'm truly sorry for the loss of your cop, and sorry that it
took so long to remove your son from the street. >> i wouldn't talk to him. i don't want words, i want action. >> reporter: a grand jury weeks away from deciding whether darren wilson, a white officer, who shot michael brown will face criminal charges. with african-american residents and local law enforcement, it's clear it will take more to ease the deep distress between the community and the police. >> we'll continue to follow that. >> the death toll has risen to 30 people following the sudden eruption of a volcano, most hikers found at a popular climbing destination. mt ontake erupted. right now rescue workers were trying to help the injured. wayne hay has more. it is outside tokyo.
>> reporter: when mt ontake roared to life, it caught people by surprise. the eruption happened, with hundreds of climbers enjoying a clear autumn day. >> translation: for a while i heard the pounding of thunder for a number of times, and after climbers started to descend. they were covered in ash, covered in white. i thought to myself this must be serious. >> reporter: a hiker captured the eruption on cam yes, and he realised he and his group were in trouble. they were enveloped by the ash cloud as (ry rained down on them. it's one of the most popular climbing destinations in japan, and some were trapped on the mountain overnight. >> i'm so relieved, i couldn't sleep. >> among the rescue workers are defense force personnel, ordered to the scene by shinzo abe.
and they are met by a mountain spewing ash. the area surrounding the volcano is closed, but nearby towns have not been evacuated. mt ontake is one of 10 volcanos, one of seven under 24 hour surveillance. the last time it had a major eruption was in 1979. there was an increase in volcanic quakes christopher gibson at -- earthquakes on sunday, but they this subsided so the alert level was not raised. an american doctor exposed to ebola in west africa is to under go treatment in the u.s. the doctor was volunteering in sierra leone. he will be admitted to a clinic in maryland for observation. in liberia, u.s. troops are on the ground to fight the spread of ebola. navy is overseeing the construction of an officer.
despite the dangers, those sent in are ready for the challenge. >> i'm happy to be here. it's good to do our job and have a mission that supports others. we are able to make a difference in another country that needs help. >> more than 3,000 u.s. military personnel are being deployed to africa. the mission to train health care workers and build a dozen field hospitals. >> afghanistan's government will be sworn into office on monday. ahead - we examine the legacy of outgoing president hamid karzai. and the struggle to provide migrant children with home and an education.
time he had a rousing reception at madison square gardens. kurdish forces continue to push back i.s.i.l. they have been advancing on kobani, forcing 150,000 syrian kurds to cross into turkey. passengers are strapped, airports recovering in chicago after thousands of flights were grounded. an act of sabotage brought thousands of flights to a halt. brian howard was arrested and charged after setting equipment on fire and cutting wires in a control center. yemeni security forces say a suicide bomber killed many in a hospital. an offshoot of al qaeda claimed responsibility for the attack. hundreds of yemeni's demonstrate the security forces take back the capital from the houthis. they seized the capital a week ago, and have yet to leave
despite signing a deal on saturday with the yemeni government to leave. on saturday a drone killed four. the fighters were killed this a north-west travel region on the border between pakistan and afghanistan. a strait blast in north-west pakistan killed ate. >> security is tight in afghanistan ahead of a presidential inauguration. police and soldiers have been posted in the capital city of kabul. that's where ashraf ghani will be sworn in. his opponent agrees to a power sharing operation. tensions are high after the bitterly contested rape. >> the police force has taken strong security measures, especially in the city. we will do everything to make sure that this is in a very secure environment. of course we have international delegations in kabul today and
tomorrow, and for that we have taken our measures, and we do not see any major problems so far. >> jennifer glasse has more from kaboom. >> reporter: the bomb on an army truck exploded outside the presidential palace 24 hours before the inauguration, injuring a driver. the attack underlines the security changes the new unity government will face. taliban fighters are battling afghan forces. the defence minister says troops are suffering their worst losses, an average of 18 afghans a day, soldiers and civilians. despite that, at the u.n. in new york, the foreign minister was optimistic. >> translation: while we face more challenges, we are confident that the new government which enjoys the full government will strive to bring about political security and
social economic prosperity, and by extension to the region and beyond. >> international support including u.s. secretary of state john kerry helped to resolve the political impasse created when presidential candidates couldn't agree on a winner. while that has been dealt with, what has not changed is afghanistan still relies on foreign money for its budget. >> to attract financial commitment, they have to fight corruption, god governance, and these are difficult asks. >> corruption is pervasive and the economy is hurting because of the political crisis that dragged on. the government asked the united states for $537 million to make up for a budget short fall to pay for salaries and operating costs. the question is whether the rivals will be able to work together, and can they form a
government that can solve afghanistan's many problems. italy is the home for hundreds of young people rescued by the mediterranean sea. the unaccompanied migrants sailed in boats from north africa. some have run away. we have a report from catania. >> having fled the familiar for a chance at a better life, these boys arrived in italy four months ago as outsiders. now placed on what is called a family home in the port city, they are learning italian, determined do more than survive. 18-year-old left senegal when he was 14, and now sees himself as a mentor in the home. he crossed the desert, was beaten, robbed. he arrived to civil war in libya. >> the first boat he took from tripoli sank. that, he says, made his next
attempt more frightening. >> on the second trip i was convinced i would never set foot on lamb ped usa. i was scared. >> reporter: the boys want to call italy home. they are encouraged to continue their own too. friday procedures at the mosque in central catania are important to the young men, not only so they can carry out normal activities, but so they can talk to other young men, many of whom are in the same situation. >> this 17-year-old, who doesn't want to be identified is one of them. from gambia, he is living this a crowded reception center and remembers his trip from north africa vividly. >> i don't know how to describe it, what it's like, the journey.
in the boat, we aware that it was overloaded, and then the boat was in the water, the water is coming up. >> under italian law, unaccompanied minors can stay in italy until they turn 18. many escape from reception centers, headed nor northern europe. the boys don't know what the future holds, but surviving the journey and being placed in a family home means they've been luckier than many. >> undocumented immigrants have many things in common with u.s. citizens, and can enjoy the same benefits. undocumented teens don't have access to aid for college. in this week's "edge of 18', alex gibney, producer, introduces us to an undocumented immigrant that cannot afford her education. >> people say i don't belong
here, but this is where i grew up. i'm american to. people have stereotypes of being undocumented, what it means. i heard that undocumented people take their jobs. when my personalities came to the u.s. to give me a better future. as far as the college process goes, being undocumented means the situation is complicated. i don't qualify for federal aid. i applied to more selective, out of state schools that are private. . >> officially she is not here in some fundamental sense. yet she is here, and she's striving to make it work. and to reach beyond the expectations of her parents. >> some of the parents of the kids in this series want to keep them too close, and are not letting them fly. >> the whole point of me coming
to this country was, you know, to, like, do good, do good on my own. i almost feel like they don't see the big picture. >> i feel like i am going to be stuck here forever. i got rejected from my dream school, and i only applied to one other school, and so i'm kind of worried i will not get accepted. >> the new plan as of now, i'm planning not to go to school. >> the problem with that is when you fake a break, that's the -- take a break, that's the end of the schooling. as smart as you are, if you get a college education, you can make it. >> i have no intentions on going to college. i feel you can't teach creativity or taste. >> kyle is an up and coming wrapper and i'm a part of the soupa crew. and i perform with them. >> in my field you don't need
college, you are born with it or you are not. in addition to performing on the stage with kyme, i run the blog and instagram. i'm a videographer, photographer, editor, creative director. >> to be an entrepreneur takes a level of courage. you can't let anyone side track you or be afraid to take risks. if things don't work out by the time you are 20, then what? >> i don't have a fallback plan. i have no excuse for this not to work out. >> i'll make it happen. we have to follow the kids, don't we? you can watch the new episode of "edge of 18' here on "al jazeera america". . >> coming up, families of thousands of missing people are demanding answers about their loved ones, lost and missing after 26 years of civil war in
thousands of air france pilots are ending a 2-week strike. the union says flights would be restored, but negotiations over unfair treatment are not over. >> reporter: if planes are not in the air, they are not making money, air france has been haemorrhaging it. $250 million is what a fortnight's crippling strike has cost of the more than half the strikes are cancelled. the skies above paris are quieter, the noise on the ground
anything but. unions and pilots furious about what they call gross inequality. this is what is fuelling the feud - the budget options. the likes of easy jet, cut price carriers slicing into the profits as they expand their roots in paris. the french airline's response is to have its own offering, but its pilots do not get the sally, $100,000 to start, nor the meal allowances and all refused to work until they did. new talks failed on sunday, but the snpl union representing the pilots agreed to call off the strikes saying:
>> essentially they are expanding their root network, no europe, it's not so much that the long haul roots will operate, but some of the medium hall roots around europe itself will be. and that, again, is an issue that the pilots union is - is concerned about. >> the union says talks condition continue in what it calls a calmer setting. paris's skies are about to get busy again. the question is will they stay that way. sri lanka's 26 year civil war, ending in 2009, killed nearly 100,000 people. thousands disappeared during the conflict. according to the u.n., sri lanka has the second-highest number of involuntary disappearances. now there's a new commission investigating those cases. we have this report from northern sri lanka. >> reporter: praying for the
safe return of a husband and father, this woman is waiting news of her fisherman husband. >> he went out fishing to find food for the children during the last stages of fighting, i heard from others that he was arrested at see by the navy. >> she has not heard from him since, and is struggling to cope with her six children. she has taken her case to the presidential commission on missing persons. the commission appointed in august 2013 has received close to 20,000 complaints, including 5,000 for military families, it's inquiring whether the security forces or tamil tigers violated international law. >> it's difficult to find out details about the missing person, but as human being, you must try our best to find out what happened.
and we must go the furthest point that we can. >> reporter: the sri lankan government faced allegations of human rights violations and cover up during the final stages of the war. charge have been denied, pointing to domestic mechanisms to show it's directing such questions. for families the agony continues. >> the search has been a train on families of the missing. >> despite being disputed on previous occasion, they say they cannot give up hope. >> their daughter and sister was abducted, she left and couldn't be found after a shell explosion. >> what is important is to know it they are alive or not. if you say they are not there, what is the proof. if they are there, show us, a letter, a picture or a statement. >> the commission promised to
deal with all complaints of missing persons from 1983 to 2009. with cases related to the end of the war likely to draw the most attention. this woman was pregnant with her daughter when her husband disappeared. she hopes he'll be more than a photograph to her child. >> nuclear power plants can store radioactive waste on site indefinitely. it's a quiet change authorised by the regulatory committee, meaning that spent fuel will not be stored in a location deep underground. which is what scientists and government agree is the safest way to get rid of it. >> the nuclear industry has a storage problem. radioactive waste is piling up with no place to put it. now reactors are brought online. over the past 50 years the nuclear energy industry produced
about 72,000 tonnes of spent fuel. enough toxic waste to cover a football field 7 feet deep. the initial plan was to bury it. in 1987 president ronald regan decimated the mountain as the country's permanent nuclear waste disposal site. it's called geological disposal, isolating the waste 1,000 feet below ground until it's no longer dangerous - about 10,000 years. the department spent $15 billion to evaluate environmental and technological detail to ensure the site's safety. no amount of study could convince the people of nevada to turn their backyard into a nuclear dumping ground. in 2010 president obama stopped the review process, killing the site as a storage option.
the white house hasn't offered an alternative. most spent fuel is stored at waste facilities, many on-site at the power plants. there's 90 storage facilities in 34 states. most of this waste is kept in cooling pools with water circulating to keep them from overheating. it's a short-term solution that is far from perfect. >> after an earthquake and tsunami hit the plant in 2011, the facility lost the power needed to cool the rods. the waste melted through casing and caught fire, spewing radiation into the surrounding area, where more than 100,000 people were forced to evac utility. half of the plants used dry storage. the steel and concrete casts used the air to cool the fuel
rods, with no outside power required. scientists say they are less vulnerable to disasters or attacks. the containers have a 20-60 year life span. the obama administration insists that it is developing a long-term storage strategy with plans to open an interim test site by 2021. the permanent geological site will follow in 2048. officials are looking for railroad equipment to haul radio active waste to its new home. where that will be, nobody nose. >> phoenix residents are cleaning up after storms hit. storms caused flooding, flights, and knocked out power for thousands of people. 30,000 residents were waiting for power to be restored. there has been dozens of reports of trees falling on cars and fires.
crashes, all sorts of things. i'm meteorologist dave warren with a look at flash flooding in two areas across the country. first with the area of low pressure over the south-west. a lot of moisture pulled to the north, and you are getting rain and thunder storms going over the same area, heavy rain leading the flash flooding. the area flooding today, pushing east. flooding advisories in arizona. western colorado seeing the participation for flash flooding. you could see storms over that area. flooding happening across the east is now, a frontal boundary stalled out. now there's an area of low pressure, a lot of moisture is in place. and heavy rain along the gulf coast. flooding around tampa, flash
flooding across the area, focused across the panhandle of florida. that's where the areas are in effect. this greener area is a flood warning. that's for the larger rivers above the flood stage. flooding could happen in the area. not much in the way of rain, but changing colours across new england and northern minnesota, as the colours spread south. changing colours moving south over the next few weeks. >> it's a growing trend in the u.s., farm to table movement. farmers are filling up their tables. it's the in the one friend for the last five years. as reported, there's a dirty little secret in the hot trend. >> ask almost any u.s. foreman, they'll agree, the job is not about making money. >> i'm blind, my back is gone,
i've been doing this since i was 14, out of love. and will never we a rich person, and will continue, no matter what. >> bran is an oyster man on long island sound. >> my plan is to die on the boat. >> reporter: he grows oysters, clams and seaweed and harvests salt and sells them to restaurants. he's part of a trend. 29% of u.s. farmers sell their wares to customers through farmer markets, or community supported agriculture and restaurants. the farmer-table movement brought a slew of new customers, sales volumes are too low to translate into wages, and profit margins slip. >> oysters sell for 55, 60, and in new york city at the best restaurants it's sold for $2.80,
$3.10 a piece, that's a lot of mark up that is not going to the farmer, when the farmer has risk. >> reporter: he says the farm to table movement is critical at raising awareness, but is not putting money in the pocket. trouble is students are on a tight margin. >> the rule of thumb for chefs is you cope the food cost to 30% of the plate. it's not much. if i stuck to that, it will be continually a beggars game. >> maybe that 30% on the center of the plate is a model we need to rethink. >> reporter: one of smith's clients, chef and owner of a restaurant and cheese shop specialising in local, fresh organic foods. he pays more than the 30%, but says local sustainable food is expensive, making the menu expensive. with an annual dinner entree costing $20.
>> it's expensive to be healthy. >> one out of every five farmers is new to the business. smith said last year was the first time he made money, because he diversified hits business. >> i want to celebrate the first stage of the food movement. who would have thought it would be a centrepiece. when we come back... >> the kids here are the kids involved in violence, in gangs. >> a south african programme helping troubled kids in an unusual classroom.
>> oscar winner alex gibney's edge of eighteen. an intimate look... >> ...wait...is that a camera? >> at the real issues facing american teens >> whoa...code red.... >> dreaming big... >> i gotta make it happen... and i'm gonna make it happen... >> choices made.... >> i'm gonna lose anything left that i have of the mexican culture... >> fighting for their future... >> it is imperative that i
get into college... it's my last chance to get out of here... >> the incredible journey continues... on the edge of eighteen only on al jazeera america okay, i want to tell you what you are seeing. an excited football fan getting the tackle of a lifetime, he tried to rush the field during the cincinnati-ohio game and was stopped short by a strong dude. the strength coach for ohio body slammed the guy as he sprinted up the line. fan is short for fanatic, in case you forgot. young south africans are taught the thrill of surfing the the instructors hope that they'll really learn life-long lessons. >> reporter: it's winter and
windy in cape town. a warm-up is necessary. after a quick jog, it's time to warm up the spirits. william is one of the instructors at waves for change. the organization target vulnerable young people, teaching them to surf. they may not have the best gear, and some of the wetsuits do not pick. for many, this is the first time someone showed an interest in them. >> the key here are involved in violence. when they are here, they face the challenges, and one the challenge, and we let them surf free. >> reporter: it's a chance to teach them to avoid h.i.v. through safe sex. it's a holistic approach to investigation and a unique classroom. >> now that the lesson is over, they are hitting the water. some dream of being good enough to compete on the world tour, or to catch the next wave.
the surf is not good, but everyone is having fun. they couldn't afford to pay for this themselves, but the wave for change investment pays off by keeping them off the street and out of trouble. >> i have been learning to surf and learning life lessons about confidence, and sharing if i have a prble. >> the cold is getting to everyone. it's starting to go home. over the tunes, the wetsuit is gone, but the salt sticks. it's a reminder every day in his small way, he's helping people from the neighbourhood with lessions that are valuable in and out of the water. >> china marks an important birthday, as the 2,556 anniversary of the birth of philosopher confucius. they handed out wisdom cake in taiwan, and shanghai, a celebration included reading
classic chinese poems and singing. thank you for joining us. "edge of 18' airs tonight at 9 eastern, 6 pacific. i'm richelle carey in new york. i'll see you at the top of the hour, 6 eastern. do keep it here. thank you for your time. the united states is spending more than $7 million a day on its air campaign against the islamic state, and the man who trained the troops who showed the iraqi army to fight says we didn't have to be in the position. it's green versus green - i'll look at capitalism and economy in this climate crisis billionaires hiding behind their money, i tell you about the people pumping hundreds of millions into the midterm elections, who don't want us to know