>> more strikes against isil targets in kobane. syria sends its troops to the border. hello again i'm martine in doha. also to come on the program tens of thousands of pro-democracy protesters occupy hong kong's business district. signing in as afghanistan as new president, ashraf gandhi and abdullah abdullah pledge an unity government for the people.
and gambling with their lives in indonesia, jockeys just eight years old race to keep punters and their families in the money. >> we'll start with the tensions on the border between syria and turkey in the we seeinge besieged town of kobane. turkish tanks meanwhile have positioned in the hills near the syrian border as mortar shells landed on both sides. stephanie deckter i decker is there. >> reporter: the attacks have intensified over the last few days and it's intensifying the anger on the turkish side of the border. many kurds have protest saying that the government is not doing anything to stop the assault.
if kabo kobane false, we won't care about the turkish government. >> they were soon dispersed, and some were injured. the security forces are taking no chances in the border area that it has created. turkish security forces have now pushed the protesters right back up that hill. they've managed to get them to the other side pushing them further and further away from getting to the border with kobane. the fall out mortar shells are landing here in turkey. as we're filming a mortar from syria lands just across the road from us. the turkish army has a heavy presence here but for now it has not responded. head a few kilometers east you can see one of isil's positions. it is this proximity that is worrying and anglering many
kurdish villagers. >> we're afraid because we feel threatened. shells are landing and we're at risk. the turkish government. >> for now the armed groups control the large border of turkey. these turkish tanks are now facing the town of kobane. >> well, it's been a week since the u.s.-led coalition started striking isil in syria. we have more. >> reporter: oil facilities across eastern and northern syria have been among the targets of airstrikes. the u.s.-led coalition wants to deny the islamic state in iraq and the levant access to one of its main sources of funding. by doing so it is causing more suffering for the civilians in these areas. activists are scared to reveal
their activity because they live in isil-coaled territory. they tell plus is a shortage of fuel and prices have doubled. >> winter is around the corner most of the oil operations have been hit, and people are scared. >> the coalition targeted grain storage east of the aleppo city killing workers and not fighters. we cannot independently confirm this but there is no doubt that the grain provided food for the people. it has been a week since the start of the military campaign against isil. it has stopped a group from making mortar toral advances, but it is not clear what the coalition will do next. there is a consensus that a ground war will be needed to defeat the group. >> who will fight on the ground.
the u.s. said it hit a group affiliated with news are nusra. it does enjoy support on the ground, and it is now warning other rebels not to become u.s. proxies. >> don't let the west take advantage of the oppression as an excuse to join the coalition because they want to destroy the jihadists in the region. they did not come oh to syria to help you get rid of the tyranny. >> an many in the area agree with that. they've been taking to the streets. criticizing for not targeting government forces instead. anti-western sentiment is
growing because of civilian casualties. activists say people have been killed in the bomb, raids. u.s. officials say they under estimated the strength of isil and this war may take years to win but many syrians are saying those airstrikes seem to be doing more harm than good. al jazeera, beirut. >> we've been hearing from the syrian government within the last hour or so. the foreign ministers have been speaking to the u.n. general assembly in new york. >> we reiterate that we stand with any international who stands for fighting terrorism and stresses this must be done in full respect of the lives of innocent civilians and within the frame of full respect of national sovereignty. >> now the trial of 46 belgiums, who are accused of being terrorists have started.
the group called "sharia for belgium" is accused of recruiting. only eight of the accused were present in court. most of them are believed to be fighting in syria or have been killed there during the war. >> now tens of thousands of pro-democracy demonstrators continue to rally in hong kong despite calls from police to go home. they're quickly escalated. relatively peaceful and in sharp contrast to sunday night. let's go live now to hong kong. and there amidst all of the demonstrators. it seems they're determined to stay the night again. it's midnight locally, isn't it.
>> that's right, martine, the people have set up, and there are some people behind me who have fallen fast asleep, they've set up provisions for themselves. there is movement, but it's usually movement from one area through the area. this is one of the financial centers. i would say a kilometer away, this is the main business district. there, too, thousands of people have gathered. the police have closed off roads and there is almost a festive feeling, friday-night feel, but people are prepared with provisions of cling film and gas masks and goggles just in case. as we see the other night when unexpectedly the police fired tear gas at them. they are in clusters and in certain road sites in general you don't see very much of them. people have free run of the road here. >> and the great fear was, the
great concern was perhaps the authorities would become rather heavy handed when it came to the start of the working day. of course, hong kong being a center of finance and commerce did the protesters eventually manage to stop trading? did they manage to stop the business of this financial district that you're in? >> i wouldn't say that it stopped business. it stopped people from getting to work. it was inconvenient, i would say, rather than stopping them from entirely being able to go. shoppers and people stayed away from this area, but many carried on with business as usual. the main fear is the investment in hong kong. they see it as a place where it's unlikely to be unstable. but also this is a week when lots of mainland tourists have a week off.
usually there are hundreds of thousands of hong kong to go shopping, but because of this, many have set up and many high-end stores are exactly in the areas where people are protesting. there is that worry. that worry again has a flip side to it because the fact that china does not want, and the hong kong government does not want it to be affected financially so much, they're treading very softly with these protesters and they're trying to figure out what to do with them. they pretty much are standing back and watching what happens, and as they're standing back, more and more people are joining the protest. it will be interesting to see what their next movement is. >> it seems very much as though all of the protesters are pretty united when it comes to calling for the resignation of the chief executive because they don't think that he has handled this protest terribly well.
there. >> there was a feeling that he was more of a mouth to beijing, and he was not about the interest of the people this was an ample opportunity, and they expressed the distrust in him and expressed that they don't want him leaving them. >> okay, thank you very much, indeed. live from the protests in hong kong. and as she was saying so far the authorities are taking a solve approach, china has not been reacting particularly strong to the process, but it has made it clear that it won't tolerate dissent. adrian brown has more. >> china's leadership has been restrained in its response to events in hong kong but it's clear they think unnamed countries are hyped the unrest.
>> we oppose any country that interferes with china's internal affairs. we also firmly oppose any country that supports the occupied central movement in any way. >> the student-led protests in hong kong bring back uncomfortable memories of what happened in beijing more than 25 years ago. when the occupation of tiananmen square ended in bloodshed. but what will china do if unrest wasn't in hong kong, where it has 6,000 soldiers? >> we do not need to go to the last step. it is very pragmatic to led the whole process run it's due course, and people will come to the realization that peace and stability are more precious than chaos and instability. >> but is this another hint of government thinking? the article says china's armed
forces could restore law and order in hong kong. on the streets of beijing most people told us they were unaware of what was happening in hong tongue. >> there must b--china hopes that the protest it calls illegal will taper off, expressing confidence that the hong kong authorities will contain the unrest and insisting that it will never give in to the protesters demands. a display of solidarity by students in taiwan, the island china regards as a breakaway
province. it's president spoke oh to al jazeera before the hong kong protests, insisting beijing must be prudent in how it handles dissent. >> it is not only important to the people of hong kong, the people of taiwan are also watching. >> but no one is watching more closely than china's government. adrian brown, al jazeera, beijing. >> there is still more to come at al jazeera, including the spanish government in madrid saying no to barcelona, and the catalonia's bid for independence. >> reporting from the island where children are racing for their lives. hard hitting series... edge of eighteen >> i'm never going to appoligize for the type of person that i am >> facing tough challenges... >> we do feel cheeted, by the american university process >> taking a stand...
>> hello again. these are the top stories at al jazeera. syrian activists say isil fighters are now within five kilometers of the besieged border town of kobane. turkey has sent tanks to the border after artillery shells landed in turkish territory. in hong kong, demonstrators continue to defy police appeals to go home. the protest against chinese plans to hand pick hong kong leaders are now into their second week. watcashraf gandhi has been sworn in as afghanistan's new president. he's pledging to build an unity government to serve the people. >> now to yemen where the al-qaeda linked group has
killed houthi fighters in three attacks. the houthies are under attack after taking control of large parts of the capitol of sanaa. houthi leaders say sanaa is now calmer and secure but many say their livelihoods are at stake. hauthi leaders also say that they have no intention of leaving the capitol of sanaa soon. >> only then will the houthi pull out when the time comes.
we are no partners to the initiative. we don't see any place for him in yemen or the houthi political partners. >> on monday they will be trying to find a solution to the crisis. after fighters allied took over the capitol of tripoli. talks are being held close to the border with algeria. described as the driving force behind a genocide campaign. war crime prosecutors are concluding their case against him against the icc, the international criminal court in the hague. they're calling for life imprisonment. he has been on trial for five years. he's accused of persecuting more than 8,000 muslim men during the
bosnian war in the 1990's. he's expected to present his closing remarks on wednesday. now the new president of afghanistan is threatening to build an unity government to serve his people. ashraf gandhi said that corrupt officials need to be removed. and just before his swearing in ceremony a suicide-bombing killed seven people at a security checkpoint close to the airport in kabul. >> reporter: promising to obey afghanistan's constitution and protect the rights and interests of the afghan people, ashraf gandhi is sworn in in an historic tran transition of democratic power. then he signed a decree creating a new job chief executive to be filled by his former rival abdullah abdullah. now they must work together in an unity government.
abdullah said he'll make the changes that afghanistan needs. >> based on the agreement of national unity government we're in a government for the sake of reforms. in all political and social sectors of the government we're together. afghanistan today needs national unity, security, and prosperity based on the agreement for national unity, economic development, and administrative reforms as required by the nation of afghanistan we are committed. >> gandhi in his inauguration speech echos the themes of his campaign, that the government will serve the people. if they want a rule of law, they should have a transparent judicial system, and for all those wh. >> and he promised a new type of relationship for international partners. he acknowledged that the government has much to do and
the job won't be easy. >> we have a huge economic challenge that we need immediately. but overall i think rule of law is something that needs immediate attention. >> before the ceremony hamid karzai reviewed the presidential guard for the last time and promised to help the new government in his role as citizen. >> the new government has asked for the support of the people. while everyone has been effected by the economic down turn, afghans confidence in politicians have been shaken after the deadlock. >> in the days add there will be a new cabinet and a chance to show afghans that the unity government can work together. jennifer glasse, al jazeera, kabul. >> the spanish government has moved to block a planned independents referendum in catalonia region.
they called an emergency meeting earlier on monday. the government has asked the constitutional court to declare the vote illegal. >> while it was widely expected that they would take the decision to refer the idea of the referendum here in catalonia to the constitutional court. it has long been the position of the government that the idea is illegal in terms of the 1978 constitution of this country and prime minister mariano addressing a press conference saying it was the government's duty to preserve and protect the constitution by challenging the decision taken by catalonia president saturday to sign a decree announcing the date that have referendum, and look at the clock they put up in the central scar square here. they're determining to ahead. the constitutional court, however, could put an absolute
block on those plans in theory now the date of the referendum is suspended, campaigning for the referendum. they also become illegal, and it will remain to be seen how the people of catalonia will take that. many say they would vote yes. and there is an enormous climate for support for a referendum now. this is a genie out of the box that would be extremely difficult to put back in. >> rescue workers in japan has brought down four of the 31 bodies found on the slopes of an erupting volcano. it erupted unexpectedly on saturday trapping around 250 hikers. most of them made it down to safety by saturday night. oon the indonesia island children are risking life and limb on a regular basis to racehorses even though it is illegal for them to work
children as young as five are skipping school to earn money for their parents. we have reports where rac racing is seen as a tradition. >> he was three when he started training. at eight he has become one of the island's most popular jockeys. he's fast, furious. for deck late they have raced horses, and the young riders have provided the lightweight afghanistan they want over their competitors in a sport fueled by gambling. >> i'm mostly afraid of the small horses because they're still wild. when they start hitting the horses i'm afraid to fall. >> his twin brother can't race any more. his fall left him unconscious for six days. when he woke up he found himself partially paralyzed.
even with that the boy's desperate parents believe they have no choice but to let the boy continue racing. when he does he earns around $70 a day. >> of course i'm afraid because they are my children. but if we don't go to races my daughter cannot go to college. her little brothers are paying for her education. >> it is seen as a cultural frustration, but in reality these races are all about money and excitement. and the safety of the jockeys seem of little importance. during al jazeera's visit three jockeys fell while racing. none of them used saddles or had protective gear. neither were ambulances are on site. after one boy fell, he was forced to race again. there are child protection laws in the country but the police and local officials, are
unamonthly jeun unapologetic. >> we have to discuss this with all involved, we cannot just change the rule because this is our tradition, and the tradition is above any law. >> some ask why are the child jockeys still allowed to ride without protection. one of them is a photographer, who for the last four years has documented their story. during that time he says at least two jockeys have died. but his photographs, he hopes to persuade the national government to change the rules. >> a country needs to protect it's children, and give them safety and opportunity to get an education. i don't see this at all with the jockeys. even during the races there is no ambulance. i took two children to the hospital myself on a motorbike after they fell. >> after seeing the photos, they said it's clear that action is
needed. >> what we want is a regional regulation that for bids children under 5 years to become jockeys. if they insist to use younger once there has to be restrict regulations. >> this boy has already paid a high price, but until few an eight-year-old boy will continue to race at high speeds without the protection he deserves. al jazeera. >> now apple has launched it's new iphone ten days ago. millions of people have said they love it, but apparently so do the criminals. >> reporter: apple's newest iphone is leaving some bent out of shape. not the hordes of people who slept in cues overnight to be the first to get their hands on the iphone. but security officials concerned abouconcernedconcerned about the encryption coding that could take five years to break.
it has come under recent criminal simple for its mass data pooling methods won't be able to gather people's e-mails, contact photos stored on the phone. >> android has offers similar encryption for several years not straight out of the box. the iphone is the first to do so, and google said they're close behind. >> the highest profile official to criticize the cutting edge technology saying what concern me is companies marketing something expres that allows people to hold themselves beyond the law. >> there are still so many ways to get information that is on a phone, and there are still so many other places that that information is stored that to say that this is a thing that is going to let criminals run free is really a misstatement. >> but the new technology does raise a number of questions, including whether it's legal for the government to take
information off a smart phone. congress passed a law 20 years ago that requires telecommunication companies to make their technology accessible to wiretaps but it has not been updated. >> slavery in nepal has been abolished, by law. but behind the high walls of many city homes here, young girls continue to serve as slaves. known as kamlari, they are the