Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  October 4, 2014 11:00am-11:31am EDT

11:00 am
we'll see you next time. [music] >> hello and welcome to the news hour. we have your top stories. u.s.-led attacks on isil fighters battling to defend a town. britain's prime minister condemns the killing of aid worker alan he henning. and using gangs to disrupt peaceful protesters. >> we have all the sports.
11:01 am
formula one champion sebastian vettel is quitting redbull. we'll tell you where he's headed next. >> hello, kurdish forces are in a desperate battle to defend the border town kobane on the turkish side of the border there have been angry scenes. tens of thousands of people have left their homes as isil advances on syria and iraq. for people it makes for a miserable flee. we have bernard smith on the syrian border, how far isil
11:02 am
fighters have stormed on the town of kobane at least three times. >> what stopped them from getting into the town were a couple of u.s. airstrikes that came in the nick of time, it seams, and they have killed at least 20 isil fighters according to syrian kurdish fighters who are trying to defend kobane. but today, saturday, there have been more artillery fire. we've heard gunfire all day going into kobane and out of kobane. they came out and said fight necessary there were a little more confident about their abilities to defend kobane because of those airstrikes. that was early this afternoon.
11:03 am
in the last hour we've heard isil forces coming very close to the edge of that town. we haven't heard if there will be any airstrikes or not. but once they get into the town the airstrikes are no longer useable. they're only useable when their target targets are more open. >> has turkey said what it will do if isil fighters get into kobane. we know on thursday the turkish parliament passed the bill to allow military intervention if it needs to. >> yes, to stop terror i am. there is no indication that although the turkish government, they do in the want to see
11:04 am
kobane fall, but there is no indication that turkey will get involved militarily in kobane or anywhere else. they have the legal basis to do it, but interest are no associations that they will do it. the reliance has been on u.s. airstrikes to prevent kobane from falling. >> bernard, thank you very much. bernard smith reporting from saroch. we'll tell what you is happening inside iraq. kurdish fighters in the north continue to fight isil. people are pouring in erbil. what is happening and how is erbil handling the influx. >> reporter: it's very difficult situation. the displaced iraqis fled in a matter of minutes when isil took over their towns. they're traumatized families and
11:05 am
they're here in erbil and the gnos are overwhelmed by the sheer number of people. they are housing them in malls and empty buildings. now we visited a camp that has only been open for 20 days. instead of organizing them and closing down camps, more camps are being constructed just to face the humanitarian situation. they're he wil celebrating eid today. they never really expected to celebrate this religious holiday that is really quite a happy occasion away from their homes with their families, but really with very little to eat or to--no presents to give to their children. they're really wanting to go back to where they came from, but obviously realizing now thats not going to be possible because isil has a very strong presence in a lot of this territory. >> in the north, monica, the peshmerga are fighting isil. what do we know on that battle?
11:06 am
oh. >> the war against isil goes bicycle. there were situation where is they were close to each other but not attacking each other. then the offensive on thursday where peshmerga attacked three fonts. we know that they were in cities, but now it's more of a stalemate. the defense we get from peshmerga is that they want to defend their territory, but they're not really going to attack unless accompanied by air power from the coalition and the iraqi national security forces. it is not a fight they want to take on their own. >> monica, thank you. now world leaders have condemned the killing of british aid work alan henning by isil.
11:07 am
he was taken hostage nine months ago where he was helping to deliver aid. >> reporter: alan henning had no ties with syria. only a deep desire to help those in need. >> everybody watching? >> reporter: the married father of two had traveled there last december as a british aid convoy. he even had syrian aid tattooed on his arm. but after he crossed the border he was seized. his wife had echoed all those calls that had gone on before. >> anyone in doubt of this organization can now see how truly repulsive it it is and barbaric it is as an organization. as a country we must do with our allies everything we can to defeat this organization in the region, but also to defeat it at home. we must do everything we need to
11:08 am
hunt down and find the people responsible for this. >> reporter: the british prime minister will be briefed by diplomats trying to get a handle of how close they are to identifying the killers of both mr. henning and those previous hostages who had been beheaded, and how close they are to combating them and launching airstrikes on top of their heads. alan henning's story has touched the lives fo of many people. hundreds sent a letter to isil calling for his immediate release. in the killing of david haynes prompted britain toss take a bigger role in the international coalition against the group. there are no british troops on the ground, but the u.k. has been carrying out air attacks on isil. and in a video to show alan henning's death, it said that his blood was on the hands of
11:09 am
the british parliament. and now another man has been threatened. >> the hearts go out to the british aid worker, who w believe is in that video camera and to the remaining hostages and families. this is yet quee again another example of the brutality of this group and why the president has articulated and moved i in a comprehensive way. >> he was taken while delivering food and water. and it seems in the eyes of isil even humanitarian aid workers are fair game. >> to hong kong where it's just after 11:00 p.m. local time, and thousands of people are still on the streets demanding democratic elections. it is it it tense.
11:10 am
>> reporter: the last few days with focus on the hong kong movement has shifted from the umbrella to the heated arguments. this is mong kok. for th the first time there was violence and police were in the middle. protesters came out because they saw the attacks on tv. as the street protest reached the end of week one some locals where the occupation is taking place had had enough. the fight for democracy does not give you the right to occupy our streets and disturb us. we can't sleep at night. >> the reason why people here in mong kok are so very upset, the protest has gone differently than other places of hong kong where protests have had sit-ins. in the main shopping district
11:11 am
people are more concerned about the broader impact of hong kong. >> the city's economy has been infected because people are avoiding the areas. >> one historian sees similarities between riots in 1967 and what is going on now. both caused by police violence but then the people of hong kong were on the same side. >> right now it's not quite so clear. seems that you have interesting class divisions and divisions between students and non-students, and then even among the non-students you have differences, too. >> reporter: in the wake of the 1967 riots the government worked to close the gap between state and society that led to reforms. but once this current unrest incidents the oh government is going to have to deal with expanding divisions within the city's population. scott hydler.
11:12 am
>> tell us what the mood is like. >> reporter: it's a very festive mood. people have come together after cracks began to show. there was somewhat of a show as students and leaders addressed the crowd. that ended a few minutes ago. i'll get my cameraman to pan to the scene behind me where thousands of people have been. i say have been since the student leaders have stopped addressing the crowds the show ended with a famous actor addressing the protesters. now the hardcore protesters will stay on but a lot of people have come to show support and to see what they had to say. >> these protesters have been
11:13 am
cold to clear out by monday, and the chief executive has said they have to stop inconveniencing others. what happens if they don't? any sign of them clearing out by monday? >> reporter: that's right. they have stay resolute and said they would carry on with their protest. a lot are leaving to go home. it's a late night on saturday night, but let me tell you what analysts, academics and even politicians are saying. they're saying that the government's patience is wearing thin and it won't be long before they break up the protests and that their actions will be justified. many citizens feel like their daily lives have been disrupted, and in scenes of mong kok, many are concerned with the turn these protests are taking.
11:14 am
there is a warning that they've got to at some point wrap this up. if you speak to the students here you're not gettin getting that sense from them. >> that's what i wanted to ask you. it's been more than a week now of protests. we've seen some incredible scenes come out of hong kong. what are the students saying where they're going take this. >> reporter: one of the student leaders had spoken and talked about the rumors that the government was going to end all of this and crackdown on them. he had said, look, we want to carry on these protests. don't do anything to provoke the citizens here or the public. don't do anything to provoke the government, give them any reason to break this up. the sense is that they want to carry on with this. now from other students and student leaders say that the events in mong kok have now upped the ante and they won't
11:15 am
stop until they get major concessions. first they were open to dialogue, but now they want to be given something because hundreds of thousands of people have shown up for the protests. if they end it now, it's the end of the campaign, and if they don't take this further no one will have faith in them. >> thank you for reporting for us from hong kong. here's what is coming up on the al jazeera news hour. north korean leaders make a rare visit to the south. and the medicalcal wander. the swedish baby whose birth brings hope to childless couples. in sport liverpool look to the english premier league. jo with be here with all the latest. >> first in ukraine, fighting has intensified around the airports in donetsk. the government insists that it
11:16 am
is still in control but the pro russian separatists say they're close to taking over. dominick cane reports. >> this is what is left of donetsk airport. under heavy fire for days it's been the focus of intense fighting. these pictures were taken on friday. they show the pro russian separatists attacking government forces. equipped with heavy weapons designed to take out armored vehicles. they're almost gone. they hold a small part of the airport. their time is almost over. soon we will smoke them out of there. >> the airplane is a main target for the separatists. which is why they have thrown tanks and other heavy artillery into the battle for its part. ukrainian government has said it has the upper hand in the fighting.
11:17 am
>> the rebels make several unsuccessful attacks. our unit killed 12 terrorists. >> a glance at the map demonstrates the back and forth nature of the fighting in the past months. this was held by pro russian separators when the ukrainian government declared an unilateral cease-fire, which did not hold. the ukrainian army pushed the separatists back reclaiming a considerable amount of territory. now the separatists have regained much of that territory and pushed further to control much of the southeastern border with russian. the ukrainian president visited his armed forces academy on friday. he promised the new recruits that the army they joined will learn from its losses.
11:18 am
>> we'll use the experience of our armed forces and modern conflicts. we've learned from our mistakes, unfortunately. >> but separatists are equally determined to learn from their mistakes, and now they hold much mortar tore. dominick cane, al jazeera. >> millions of bulgarians head to the poll to vote on their fifth government in less than two years. the political uncertainties has allowed nationals to dominate the agenda. labeling refugees terrorists and demanding that they be expelled we have obvious from the bulgarian capitol. >> reporter: just a few kilometers outside of the capitol this former school is now a haven to escape syria's brewcal conflict. but not everyone is happy that these people are here. the care that's been offer has created resentment among some
11:19 am
bulgarians facing growing economic hardship in the poorest countries. >> reporter: it's hard that people would resent the people here. pity woul would be more appropriate. but one government official reported that refugees have worn out their welcome because they complained too much. it's become an election issue. the far right champions bulgaria for bulgarians and it's nationalist rhetoric has won it 23 seats in parliament. >> they come in across the border. there is no border. >> thethey are keeping out syrian refugees. those who get through are often forced back sometimes violently. the bulgarians who ironically
11:20 am
themselves often not welcome as migrants in other part of europe say they must curb the number of syrians arriving illegally. 10,000 did so last year. back at the refugee camp in sofia the families, many with young children, tell me that they've been made welcome and treated well. but the camp doctor, himself a sorianoing in bulgaria knows the reality outside of the gates. he's angry about reports of racist verbal attacks and is relurch tonight to become embroiled. >> i'm not a politician, i'm a doctor. i never get involved in politics, never, never, never. the problem is that politicians can't agree about the economy or much else. bulgier i can't's caretaker said that the country desperately needs a strong government after sunday's election to drag
11:21 am
bulgaria out of what he called its post communist swamp. tim friend, sofia. >> thousands of greeks are protesting against extra austerity measures. they want to change economic miles that they say are crippling their lives. >> dollars in sweden have successfully delivered the first baby from a transplanted womb. the 36-year-old mother whose identity has been kept secret received an uterus from a family friend last year. the boy was born by c-section last month. they hope that it helps people worldwide who are unable to have children. >> it brought extreme happiness by me and the whole team, but at
11:22 am
the same time it was an unreal sensation because we, i mean, we really couldn't believe that we had reached this moment. >> well, let's just take a closer look at how that transplant is done. an incision is made in the donor's lower abdomen and the uterus is removed. it an is placed on ice and the a blood vessels are flushed. it is then transplanted to the recipient and takes 40 minutes for the reattached blood vessels to attach functionally. and then it's attached to the patient's vagina and fixed in the uterus. let's talk about this procedure because it sounds like it could be a game changer for many women around the world. >> yes, i believe it is. i think this is a revolutionary at the point. a year ago we knew that it was possible to transplant the u it
11:23 am
ter uterii. now a baby has been born. this is by careful research work in sweden, and this is a wonderful day where we've made a great leap forward in science. >> there have been two prior attempts to this particular one which did not succeed. what are the down sides here? >> well, the worry has been that there with a not be a good blood supply to nourish the fetus until it was born. and in this case the baby was born early. we don't know if it was the cause of the treatment or if the woman had health difficulties. for example, she had just one kiddie. this is a great success story because a healthy baby has been born on this occasion. >> is this a realistic option
11:24 am
for women who are unable to have children? >> yes, i believe itself. of course, there is an enormous cost involved in this, and that's something that will be reduced as the technique is optimized. these are women who have been born out a womb of their own or perhaps they've had a cancer in the past and they had to have their womb removed. this is the first time that this group of women have had been offered the opportunity to have a family of their own. i think the big advantages, which of course goes on around the world, another woman will carry the child for the couple who wants to have a child. here we don't have any other people involved. the ethical issues are much less than before, an of course the birth mother is the genetic mother, and she's able to give birth to her own child, which is absolutely wonderful. >> when you say the research needs to be improved, how far
11:25 am
are we away from that improvement that it actually does become a realistic option as you say? how far away are we from this becoming routine? >> i think we're quite far from it being you teen because of the cost involved, and possibly because of the lack of donors. the donor of the woman in this case was a woman who was altruistic and prepared to give her womb to the woman who gave birth to the child. in the u.k. we're hoping that there are women who have died, if they've signed to offer their organs to other people, then the womb from those women who have died perhaps as a result of the car accident or something else, those womb wombs of those women will be able to be used. this is a first step and a significant step for infertility
11:26 am
treatment. >> the parents are delighted with this. is it possible to say how many families can benefit from this type of treatment? or transplant? >> well, the researchers in sweden are saying there are about 5,000 women in the u.k. alone. i don't know what the global figures are, but that's quite a lot of people. so i think there are certainly many people who will be able to benefit from this, and of course infertility is increasing in all of the developed countries around europe and increasing 8% per year of couples who are presenting with infertility problems. this is really quite significant public health issues, and here we have another treatment of an ibf technology that will be able to benefit couples who can't have their own families naturally. >> thank you very much for joining us on the al jazeera news hour. much more ahead on the show
11:27 am
including, we hear from the relatives of 43 students who are missing in mexico. they want answers from government. >> and inside australia's newest prison. why it's being built with indigenous prisoners in mind. >> and we'll have the latest from the playoffs.
11:28 am
11:29 am
>> it's a chilling and draconian sentence... it simply cannot stand. >> this trial was a sham... >> they are truth seekers... >> all they really wanna do is find out what's happening, so they can tell people... >> governments around the world all united to condemn this... >> as you can see, it's still a very much volatile situation... >> the government is prepared to carry out mass array... >> if you want free press in the new democracy, let the journalists live. >> kentucky, a state that's hurting economically. >> when the mines shut down it affects other businesses too you know, it hurts everything. >> some say it's time for a change. >> mitch has been in there so long. >> while others want to stay the course. >> all the way mitch! you know exactly what these people needs in kentucky.
11:30 am
>> communities trying to cope. what does the future hold? >> the economy, the struggling coal industry and healthcare are all impacting their vote. >> "america votes 2014 / fed up in kentucky". all next week. only on al jazeera america. >> democrat, republican. more americans are ready to answer none of the above, and that's having an impact on races across the country in the approaching mid terms. it's inside story. >> hello, i'm ray suarez. it's not like