>> watch more "faultlines" on demand or visit aljazeera.com/faultlines. >> welcome to the news hour. coming up on the program. joining the fight against isil, the peshmerga fighters head to the syrian town of kobane. forced migration, egypt displays thousands to create a large buffer zone along it's border with gaza.
the "world health organization" said that more than 5,000 people are thought to have died from the ebola outbreak in west africa. but first kurdish forces battling isil in the syrian town of kobane are being boosted now by more fighters. dozens of peshmerga fighters are on the way to the border town. there is a contingent of rebels joining the fight. >> reporter: for the turks it's an unprecedented sight. armed peshmerga fighters being escorted through turkey by a convoy. this is iraqi peshmerga on their way to do battle in syria. they're allowing 150 fighters to
transit it's territory after the pressure to do more to stop the town falling to isil. isil has been in conflict with turkey kurdish, and see syrian kurds as no different but iraqi iturkey are allowing them through. peshmerga will enter syria, and it has been a place of repeated assaults from isil fighters. >> the united states decided to arm more people and train more people, and this will only prolong the war, and it will be more heavy than it is now.
>> peshmerga are bringing in heavy artillery. there are reinforcements from the free syrian army. added to the peshmerga it means around 200 men. but this is a battle where both sides have thousands of fighters, and isil seems to be able to easily and rapidly replenish it's ranks. >> a syrian government bombing has killed 60 people in a refugee camp in the northern province of idlib. two barrel bombs hit the camp, which houses people who have escaped from fighting in a nearby province. stephanie dekker has more. >> reporter: the man filming this has just arrived on the scene. this is what is left after the syrian regime dropped a barrel
bomb on a camp of people forced out of their homes. a lot of what has been filmed is too gruesome to show. a dead child is picked up, and there are mai many more dead. >> shame on you, where is your conference conscience, this man screams. have you forgotten who the enemy is, he asks? there has been fighting between those two groups around the idlib province. this video appears to show of taking control of the village in the area. al jazeera cannot confirm it's authenticity. >> there is a lot of tension in these areas because of the infighting especially between the free syrian army corpse and
the al nusra front. this is causing a lot of fear for civilians. people are nervous because of this infighting. >> reporter: while that goes on the government is making head way on a highway to south that leads here. and syrian state television wants to show that everything is under control despite the casualties suffered. syria's war is not a simple one of opposition against regime. it seems that nothing in this war is clear any more. stephanie dekker, al jazeera, beirut. >> hundreds of egyptians living in northern sinai are forced to leave their homes for a planned buffer zone. their homes will be demolished to create a protected area between egypt and the gaza strip. egypt said its designed to stop weapons and attackers from getting into northern sinai. we have more.
>> reporter: they have been leaving with whatever they can carry. abandoning homes and livelihoods with what they say is no hope of returning. they are some of the hundreds of people who live within 300 meters of the raffah border crossing. it has become a buffer zone, and to keep attackers and weapons out. the buffer zone will expand to 500 meters right along the entire 14-kilometer border and include water-filled frenches to stop peopltrenches to prevent 9 creating of tunnels. >> many have been evacuated so far, and still there are families refusing to leave. they say it is better for them to die in their homes. the army has threatened to destroy houses, even if the families have not left.
>> reporter: the decision to force people out of the area follows an escalation in the fighting in egypt's north sinai over the last three years. an attack on an army post killed 31 soldiers. the worst against egypt's military personnel in years. egypt declared a state of emergency there. hamas, which controls the gaza strip has been accused of supporting fighters angered in the removal of president mohamed morsi in a coup last year. something that hamas denies but applies stricter border crossing rules. egyptian officials are still discussing compensation, with
hundreds of people now forced to give up their homes. but stay something not an option. anyone still there when the deadline expires has been threatened with arrest. al jazeera. >> now the zambian vice president has been named interim leader ahead of fresh elections. he's temporarilily succeeding the president who died in hospital of an undisclosed illness. while president he was known to be pretty unwell much of the time. looking back now at his life and career. >> reporter: the phrase, if at first you don't succeed try and try again best describes the late zambian president. he lost elections three times running as opposition leader. but he kept trying. on his fourth attempt he finally won.
he initially made foreign investors nervous. he criticized china of mistreating workers. when he took over one of the world's largest cotton producers, he promised to grow the economy and create much needed jobs. on the ground there are signs of development, but many in the country are still poor. >> the life of people improved, i don't think very much has the infrastructure development of the country improved significantly. but there are some infrastructure that have been put in place. the economy has grown. but not grown to a very high level. you don't hear people talking of
zambia being the place to invest, the place with the highest gdp growth. >> reporter: on the political front critics say that his political opposition was critical. protests were not allowed to take place. there was a crackdown on homosexuality, which is illegal in deeply conservative zambia. he was showing signs of aging when elected in 2011. even then there were questions about his health. he became zambia's fifth president. he had his supporters, but he also had his enemies. in a country that suffered economic highs and lows, he managed to keep zambia economi economically stable economical economically. >> it was prayer partners the worst-kept secret in zambia, the
fact that their president was ill. perhaps people didn't realize how seriously ill he was j. >> yes, he was quite ill for some time, actually. >> and of course he was not in the country but he was in britain getting medical treatment. how irresponsible, is it, i would suggest, head of state who felt for whatever reason does not want to disclose what his condition is, and it has the possibility of creating confusion like we see in zambia today. >> we have a problem in africa, and it's by and large cultural, certain cultures prohibit revelation of what people may be
suffering from, particularly head of family. we might have had the same problem here where his family refused to disclose what he suffered from. but eventuallily we knew what he suffered from. in a statement issued today said that he did suffer from cancer. >> and now we've got a certain amount of infighting within his party's patriotic front, and they've agreed to allow the vice president, guy scott, to lead the country. now this marks a departure. this is the first whitehead of state in africa since the departure of f.w. de klerk. >> yes, and for the term, but the fighting is between two people, really. that's where the fight something
at the moment. i think some how they've managed to resolve that, no with standing a couple of days ago there were fist fights where supporters were beaten up outside of the parliament. that's been sorted out. >> but it brings us back to that point, really, african leaders needing to take on the responsibility, if you like, providing for the succession of their demise or departure from the political scene. that certainly doesn't happen very often, does it, but for their demise. this could have turned into a crisis for exam bee y which can ill afford any types of distraction? >> well, i don't think so. i think this strong man mentality that africa's succes successor, zambia is a
democracy, which is very stable. zambiaens have shown that they can elect their own leaders. i think zambians can choose their own successor. >> thank you from our al jazeera center. thanks. >> there is still more to come on the al jazeera news hour. 17 suspects summoned for questioning. including a corruption scandal that has embarrassed the spanish government. and a man is sentenced to death for war crimes. and in sports it's all down to game seven, the kansas city royals prepare to face the san francisco giants in baseball's
world series title. now the indian government has given the supreme court a list of 600 people, some who are accused of illegal lightishing money in foreign bank accounts. this is all part of the government's new crackdown. >> reporter: feeling pressure the indian government moved to bring back money in foreign bank accounts.
>> tackling the black money issue was one of the party's promises during the election campaign earlier this year. prime minister narendra modi said that if elected his party would bring back billions of dollars from foreign bank accounts in its first 100 days in office. that deadline has already passed, and now those who want the government to act faster are demanding the secret list it submitted to the supreme court be made public by s.i.t. a special organization to investigate. >> tens of thousands of indians
have protest. many have promised to crackdown on rampant tax evasion, but this is the first time that any names have about been forwarded to the country's highest court. >> corruption is on a very, very large scale. everything that this would bring, yes, of course, we could hope to see some changes in coming years. >> according to various estimates the illegal flow of money out of india has cost the national economy billions of dollars over the past ten years alone. the government's decision to crackdown on black money has been widely welcomed, but corruption is deeply rooted in indian politics, so the question many indians are asking is just how far are the authorities prepared to go to investigate and prosecute those who may be accused of wrongdoing? al jazeera, new delhi. >> high profile arrest in this
week's corruption investigate in spain is the mayor of a town outside of madrid. now he's due to appear in court. suddenly the mayor is at the center of a nationwide scandal. this is because of granados, arrested earlier this week in a $15 million corruption investigation. he ruled here as mayor for the town's 72,000 residents. according to a high court judge he was allegedly putting more than $2 million into a secret swiss bank account. money paid by builders to win
contracts, according to prosecutors. >> everyone is scandalized now. but we've been living with this for 12 years. >> the citizens are demanding investigation. it seems that some have been amassing fortune here. >> they should not only go to prison they should give back the money they stole. >> we see from all the connections between different town hauls there is a big network of corruption. >> now the focus is on the courts where the accused are starting to appear in preliminary hearings. the police have a huge amount of evidence to sift through. it will be a long process, and the spanish people are quickly losing faith in the country's
political class. >> a hong kong tycoon has been ex-spelled from the government's top governing body. he told a local radio station that he should consider resigning because he has done a poor job of running the city. meanwhile the protesters who are causing all of this controversy have been marking the birth of what has been called the umbrella revolution. after all that time on the streets they're under pressure now to shift their tactics. sara clark reports from hong kong. >> you one month on they return to the sites of what began. what has become the symbol of this protest. >> we can't if i have up.
>> it marks the beginning of the civil disowe beadanc disowe beadance movement. it has become to help the city change for good. student leaders have yet to agree on the next step. it's with that in mind that support for the protest is starting to fray. >> these protests have gone far too long. it is enough. they should wrap it up. >> they say time is running out for both sides to find a way
forward for this month-long stalemate. >> they're under the pressure of time to try to be able to achieve something before they lose public support all together. >> while some students remain resolute, most acknowledge that this will be a long-term battle for democratic change. many are surprised what looks like a central camping site in one of asia's financial districts while student leaders work furiously on their next move. one thing they agree on is to stay put. >> now a new survey out has revealed that latin america cities has the most dangerous transport systems for women in the world. the study looked at 16 of largest city. bogota is the worst. jakarta came in as the fifth
most dangerous city for transport in the world. indonesia's government tried to do something about that by setting up female-only sections on trains and buses. >> every morning and evening they had to push themselves into the over crowded carriages and run the risk of being sexually assaulted, something that very often happened. the government decided to impose women-own carriages. something that many women very much appreciated. inning are train come partments i feel very uncomfortable with hands going anywhere. i had my back cut open. >> the train company said that now less incidents of sexual harassment are being reported,
although it still officially happens. officially the government assigned a whole train only for women, but now they decided to have two carriages on every train only for women. one in the front, one in the back, and this really helps women to travel safely long distance between work and home. but women organizations say that segregating women is not the real solution to the problem. creating awareness about sexual harassment is very important. but for now women-only carriages are still very much needed. >> the world's largest collection of art, historical documents and natural specimen has never really fully been cataloged. now thanks to online crowd sourcing thousands of volunteers from around the world are helping to get that done. >> the shelves in this fast environment controlled store
room contain just a small fraction of the 137 million artifacts gathered by the many museums and research centers of the smithsonian institution. items like the world's largest collection of bat specimen or primary historical documents like the 1894 diary of joseph henry, smithsonian's first head. the staff has a big enough mission of scanning and digitizing its backlog of artifacts and more that keep arriving. but transcribing each item to be fully accessible to researchers that's a task that requires many more hands. more than 3500 people have signed up since the transcription center opened up to the public in june. >> it might be someone who likes science when they were in high school and thought i would like to transcribe this scientist's diary and decipher the
handwriting, pick it apart and see what i can share with other volunteers. >> volunteers like sisters shavon who spent a few hours each week transcribing. >> i recently gone into the bee collection. >> i go in with a lot of volunteers at the smithsonian. we talk about what we discover and help each others out. >> if you thought that humans had made human transcribers obsolete, not yet. scribbles like this still defy recognition, and an ocr machine could not decipher this type-written field note but here is the same document transcribed
by a volunteer. the british museum ha used help, and offering the taste the power of crowd offers to bring forward records. >> russia offers u.s. help after an u.s. supply rocket explodes on route to the international space station. in sport why these football teams are so keen to see the ball end up in their own net?
i think that al jazeera helps connect people in a way they haven't been connected before. it's a new approach to journalism. this is an opportunity for americans to learn something. we need to know what's going on around the world. we need to know what's going on in our back yard and i think al jazeera does just that. >> now available, the new al jazeea america mobile news app. get our exclusive in depth, reporting when you want it. a global perspective wherever you are.
the major headlines in context. mashable says... you'll never miss the latest news >> they will continue looking for survivors... >> the potential for energy production is huge... >> no noise, no clutter, just real reporting. the new al jazeera america mobile app, available for your apple and android mobile device. download it now >> dozens much iraqi peshmerga are on their way to the syrian town of kobane. they are amassing at the border in turkey.
syrian army have dropped barrel bombs on a refugee camp near idlib province. hundreds of egyptians forced to leave their homes. the death toll from ebola has likely exceeded 5,000. nearly 14,000 have been infected with the virus, but w.h.o. said that it's optimistic that the number of new cases has begun to drop in liberia. >> other goal here is the goal of everyone involved with ebola, to reduce the number of contacts that an anyone has.
i think we're seeing a combination of those two cases other than the fact that there are isolating cases in huge numbers. >> u.s. troops returning from ebola-response missions in west africa will now be in quarantine for 21 days. >> the fact is that a military will have more than anyone in the department. that's number one. number two, our younger cohorts are different. they are not volunteers.
this was discussed by the communities, by the families of military men and womenish and they very much wanted a safety valve. >> let's talk now to our correspondent live in washington, d.c. so, chuck hagel is saying that the families seem to be in agreement with this. is there likely to be a public outcry given the controversy surrounding the treatment of those health workers who have already contracted the virus, and their u human rights, some say, have been breached. >> let's make something clear. people who join the volume give up some of their rights in order to be part of the military. when they're deployed whether it's for peace team missions whether it's dealing with the ebola crisis, or being deployed
into a war zone they're expected to follow orders, or they could be prosecuted and imprisoned for disobeying the orders of the u.s. leadership, that starts with president obama. what is being done in this situation is taking a group of troops of all five branches of the u.s. military, who are coming from different parts of the united states as well as overseas bases, and having them stay in one location together for 21 days. they feel that it will be a lot easier to keep track of what has happened to these troops even though they're not supposed to have contact with people who have been infected with ebola. they feel this is a much more prudent way of making certain that people who might have possibly contracted the virus do not inadvertently spread it to their relatives, colleagues and nearby communities.
they're looking at the potential of up to 4,000 people going to different parts of the u.s. for example, and suddenly have a massive outbreak of ebola. the cdc does not recommend this kind of process, but the u.s. military believes it has the legal authority to do this in order to prevent some kind of pandemic taking place, especially here in the united states. >> we've been hearing also from not only president obama, but also i samantha powers, who has been sent on mission to liberia, documenting and reporting favorbly on the impact that the american contribution is having on this battle to contain the virus. >> there is question of what happens to ambassador powers and her delegation, at least one of her children who return from
west africa. the state department said they would follow the federal regulation on self monitoring, and they say that they would certainly do whatever is required by federal law. the obama administration, it is important to point out does not believe that states themselves should have the ability to quarantine people because they say that for ordinary citizens, including civilian workers in the government, they have a number of civil liberties that could very well be violated. we're seeing that practice being challenged right now in the state of maine. >> thank you very much. reporting live from the state department. >> reaction to ebola online has been huge, and as you know from the program "the stream" they have been looking at different ways the outbreak is being
covered by social media in different countries. >> so we know how ebola is effecting the death toll, but what is happening online with social media. take a look at this hashtag. see how many times it has been used since march of this year up to the end of october. this simple hashtag has been used over 40 million times. that's a lot. let's break it down. march of this year, about 156 people have used the hashtag ebola. if you go to this month's, 28 million people actually used that hashtag, mentioned that hashtag in their communication online. most of the tweeting using the hashtag ebola, americans. 58% use that hashtag. breaking down the psychology, if you can, of what's happening online with ebola. we go from helpful to
hysterical. let's take a look at helpful, here. w.h.o. stop ebola. you can see where the focus is on the w.h.o. another great place to go to find out information of what you need is @cdc. it's a u.s. organization. and ebola basics. this is ten months on since the beginning of the outbreak still talking about bodily fluids, object contaminated with the virus and infected fruit bats or primates which may be how it spread to human beings. this #came from a doctor who treated patients, came to new york and then actually was tested positive for ebola.
hashtag ebola nyc. you'll see the good, the bad and the dark side of twitter by looking at this. a particular campaign started online and on youtube as well. a liberian-american has faced panic and hysteria around ebola. this is what she did about it. take a look. >> we're liberians, sierra leonens, guineans. we're from a region devastated by a deadly disease. but we're not all infected. it is wrong to stigmatize an entire people. >> i'll take you to tasteless twister. i'll show you this hashtag here.
this sums up everything wrong #replace movie title with ebola. you can figure out what that might be. this is one of ebola costumes out there online that you can buy if you so wish to. i want to show you, though, give it perspective. this looks like it's an overwhelming disease, the worst ever. scroll up a little bit. back here, 1980, 57 million deaths with the smas spanish flu. the flu kills a lot of people. keep scrolling to just under 4,000 deaths for ebola. ebola is way down this list. i'm going to take you back somewhere else to get information whenever you need to, and this is our very own
here, some of the best flips about ebola. it's a fast-moving story off line and online as well. >> now the leader of angl bangladesh's largest party is being punished for war crimes from 1971. we have reports now. >> reporter: as head of the largest religious party, one of the highest to be tried on war crime charges dating back to 1971. he is the tenth person convicted by the special car crimes tribunal, which has been criticized for lack of fair and legal process. but many believe the trials are long overdue.
>> the trial is necessary for justice. i mean, heinous crimes ordered during the war. it's a crime of genocide, everything. >> reporter: this is banglades bangladesh's national monument built in 1971. the war was marked by atrocit ies against civilians. estimates of 300,000 to 500,000 died. bangladeshi put the number at 5 million. >> they say this is an long overdue way to bring justice. critics, including opposition leaders say that the trials are flawed and politically motivated. >> guilty verdicts against other leaders in 2013 sparked violent protests. the defense lawyer said his
client did not get a fair trial. >> in every country trials against war crimes ends one chapter and opens a new chapter. this trial has talked to the nation. every time a defendant it appears that this trial is not going to solve of the problem. >> reporter: several more opposition party officials are still on trial. >> let's talk more about this with bangladesh researcher for amnesty. what do you say about the death
sentences being handed down. >> we are opposed to death sentences. the death penalty ultimately in bangladesh will lead to execution. it is a violation of their most basic human rights. that is right to life. we think it is a good thing to investigate the atrocities that took place in 1971 when so many people were killed, so many women were raped, and millions of people were forced to leave their homes in search of safety for another country over the border into india. it is very important for those atrocities to be investigated. but to punish one human rights violation with another human rights violation, which an execution be if it happens, is--
>> sorry to interrupt, isn't this a matter of perspective? you're either in favor of death penalty or you're not. the fact is that this is being applauded, the process of this war crimes trials seem to be applauded by many bangladeshis, and as you well know, you cannot have peace without justice. >> well, you cannot have peace without justice, exactly. and what is justice? there is a difference between justice and revenge. justice is based on the principles that are based on human rights standards. they're based on the right to life, a fair trial, they're based on the right not to be tortured, and all of those things. >> you could say exactly the same of china, which executed more than 2,000 people. we don't know the exact number
in 2012. you could say exactly the same to the united states, who executed 43 people, and there are our countries as well. like saudi arabia. you could say the exact same to them. >> you will see that we condemn executions in the united states. we condemn them in china. we're opposing the death penalty, and we know why they're opposing it. also because it does not solve anything. i mean earlier there was a speaker who was just talking about the fact that the wounds
need to be healed. and by the death penalty you are not healing anyone. the government of bangladesh has got to really ensure that the process of appeal against this death sentence is, you know, remaining very fair and impartial to insure that these death sentences are commuted. >> thank you very much, indeed, for talking with us here at al jazeera. >> still to come here at al jazeera, in sport, and andy measure which gets within one win. we will have more in a short while.
they were 2-0 up. that forced the san francisco giants to pull jake peavy from the game in the second inning, and his narrow defeat did not do much better. next the shot of the ball to left field to add another two runs to the home team. butler adds to the rbi double making it seven runs in the second inning for the royals. the highest amount scored in a postseason inning in the franchise history. buster posing grounded out with
the bases load. kansas city added another two runs, the royals taking game six, 10-0. >> when this really started i hoped we could play seven, for the experience of it, for the thrill of it, and we're here now. we feel good about our chances. >> it's exciting, it is. we're going in the seventh game. you have two teams going at it, and it wasn't pretty tonight, but the best thing we do get to wash this off. >> game seven will take place wednesday. >> so kansas city are looking to win their first world series title since 1985. the royals having home field advantage could make all the difference. >> history is on kansas city side.
to go to a decisive game seven, kansas city needs the crowd on their side. hopeful to get to an early start, a fast start and put the pressure on san francisco. they have not won a world series since 1985. their fans are thirsty for another championship. but on the flip side you have an experienced san francisco ball club behind chris bochy. they know how to get things done. they won the world series in 2010, 2012, and they say even years san francisco giant year years 2014, we'll see what happens. right now you have tim hudson on the mound. facing gerem geremy guttery, 35. there is nothing better in sports. >> tennis roger federer was made to work hard.
the swiss world number two with 580 points behind nowak djokovic. winning in straight sets for his 13th straight victory. federer is looking for a hat trick of titles after winning wins in his last two tournaments. and andy murray is just one win away from qualifying away from season door finals and reaching the third round. eighth seed francis 63 6-3, 6-4 in the second round. africa football champions nigerians face a race against time to avoid a seven-month playing ban. fifa are unhappy with government interference in the running of football in nigeria. nigeria won the african title in 2013, but could be banned
from qualifying for next year's event. nigeria's football federation recently voted in a new board only for a court ruling to avoid the election result. it has given nigeria until friday to reverse that decision. indonesia football is facing another test of its credibility after two teams were disqualified from the country's first decision for match fixing. this playoff game saw a total of five goals all of them own goals, and all arriving in the last four minutes. now it's believed both sides were attempting to lose to avoid a semifinal with borneo, and the team went to rea reported lengths to deny mafia links.
>> i would deny that also. we now go to moscow. >> 2.6 metric tons of food and equipment for the crew at the international space station destroyed in an explosion just seconds after lift off. the u.s. space agency nasa and it's commercial rocket contractor now must determine what went wrong. >> it went wrong around 10 to 12 seconds. i do know the initiated flight termination september around 20 seconds, maybe a little bit before. most of this happened within the first 20 seconds of flight, and it was fairly quick. >> another view of the explosion was filmed on a mobile phone as peculiar staters gathered to watch the rocket launch from orbital's facility along the coast. the light in the sky follow bed
by the shock-wave boom. it's the first accident since nasa an 2010. but lack of rocket engine know how have brought soviet brought designs. >> that may be a surprise but these are the only areas of scientific cooperation these two countries have left to engage in. will russia assume the burden of servicing the international space station. moscow said it will help more if
nasa wants to ask, and a rocket carrying fuel, water and food and equipment to the iss. but six russian rockets have failed in recent years. it's reliability record is far from perfect. nasa insist there is no iss supply line crisis. >> the space is in great shape. the crew is in good shape. we have plenty of supplies to keep them going for quite some time. >> in recent years the u.s. has been trying to down size to a new era of commercial space enterprise. recent events suggest that in our cash-strapped era of geopolitical tensions it's an ambition with sometimes explosive consequences. >> now go to the al jazeera website you'll not only get the day's news and back ground there is opinion as well. there are interesting commentary