the paper documents shocking violations against civilians. >> the u.n.ing paints a bleak picture of life in areas of syria controlled by isil. [ explosion ] meanwhile iraqi forces make progress against isil, forcing them from the oil town of beiji. ♪ hello, i'm martine dennis. you are with al jazeera, live from doha. also to come, flying into a political storm, the russian president arriving for the g20
summit against a backdrop of conflict in ukraine, and warnings of a new cold war. and equatorial guinea wins the right to host the african cup of nations as morocco pulls out ♪ but first, u.n. investigators say the islamic state of iraq and the levant, isil, is committing war crimes on a huge scale across syria. the report paints a bleak picture of life in isil-controlled areas. executions, amputations, and floggings in public are a regular occurrence. mutilated bodies have been put on display and left people, particularly the children, terrorized and traumatized. the u.n. says the group is targeting the children with propaganda to try to indoctrinate them and girls as
young as 13 are being forced into marriage with isil fighters. we spoke with one of the authors of the report, and he say isil is guilty of war crimes. >> the commission paints a devastating picture of civilian life inside isil-controlled areas. executions, amputations, and larks in public space have become a regular occurrence. the display of mutelized bodied have only further traumatized the people. the paper documents shocking violations against civilians, and in particular against women, children and minority communities. the group has always attacked journalists and activists trying to communicate the daily suffering of those living under
its yolk. the so-called isis has committed war crimes and crimes against humanity. the abuses, violations, and crimes committed by the so-called isis against syrians have been deliberate and calculated. the commanders of isil have acted willfully perpetuating these war crimes and crimes against humanity. they are criminally responsible for these crimes. meanwhile iraqi forces say they've managed to retake the town of beiji, driving isil out. the army is now trying to take back the oil refinery. imran khan has this. >> reporter: it might not look like much, but this small act of iraqi pride sends out a loud message.
this is the beiji town council building that isil captured and used as a base. in some ways this military operation has been a blueprint of future battles with enchanced cooperation. >> translator: we are proud of the collective effort and the perfect combination of security apparatus us, for this battle in particular, which include rapid deployment force, and federal police force and the rest of the army formations. >> reporter: with such team work newer and more sophisticated equipment has been put to use. a quick calculation, and isil positions in the north come under fire. [ explosion ] >> reporter: the iraqi army are still facing stiff resistance from isil fighters, and their confidence has been boosted by an audio recording released by
their leader. in that audio recording he says that no amounts of american-made weaponry or coalition air strikes will be able to defeat the group. but those words ring hollow here as the iraqi patrols wind through the streets. in two other provinces, however, isil is still formidable enemy. but with gains being slowly made, many iraqis are hoping that soon iraqi armor like this will be driving through all of the territory that isil has taken since june. the british prime minister david cameron says he intending to introduce new laws to deter u.k. nationals from fighting in syria and iraq. now the laws would deprive the fighters of their travel documents and preing event air fliens flying them to war zones. >> we will shortly be
introducing an an ter terrorism bill in the united kingdom. stop suspecting travels, and stop british nationals returning to the u.k. new rules to present airlines that don't comply with our no-fly list, or our security screening measures from landing in the u.k. the director of international security says the government is amending laws in order to reflect the current situation. >> the government has been trying to consider what new counter terrorism measures it could do or implement to try to prevent people from going abroad. whether these measures will prove effective, well, i think this question of taking away people's pass ports or physically removing the object from them is something that has had some success in the past. but i think what we're seeing is
the government taking the existing architecture and tweaking it a bit to reflect the current evolving picture. yemen houthi rebels are making more gains in the country. security has deteriorated since houthi fighters seized the capitol in september. and forced the prime minister to resign. fighting has intensified in rada' over the last few days with both the houthi fighters and tribesmen backed by al-qaeda massing hundreds of fighters in the area. but the houthis have managed to control two main areas that were al-qaeda strong holds. dozens were killed in their latest spat of violence in the area. the houthis insist they will continue their fight until
al-qaeda is completely defeated. as far as the government is concerned, it doesn't really have that much authority. the army remains divided along sectarian lines, and we're waiting to see whether the prime minister can deploy the army to restore calm. it remains quite delicate because the government faces a host of problems. the rise of al-qaeda, the rise of the houthi rebels, poverty, and declining economy. the days ahead are going to be extremely, extremely delicate for the government and for yemenese in general. there have been vying lenth con frontations in the occupied west bank between palestinians and the israeli police. police fired tear gas and stun grenades at stone-throwing
protesters. it comes as israel lifts age restrictions on muslims who pray at the al-aqsa mosque. >> reporter: you can see israeli security forces trying to disperse the crowd. they are firing tear gas and using stun grenades. again, this is a scene that has been going on here for -- for fwheter part of a few hours. again, as israeli security forces confront the protesters. you can see it is a pretty volatile situation as they try to disperse these crowds. these crowds aren't huge, they only number in the dozens, but, again, it's enough to warrant this kind of response. in the background of all of this, of course is concessions made by the israeli government to allow people to pray at the al-aqsa mosque. many hoped that that would calm
the unrest, but as we have been seeing, it really hasn't done much, so, again, a very volatile situation, as palestinian protesters confront israeli security forces. israeli security forces here again are firing tear gas using grenades to try to push back these crowds. but really, it is just quite a site to see, to see these -- these two sides just battle with each other here at the check point. the check point, of course, a place which has seen frequent confrontations between israeli security forces and palestinians, and yet here we are again with even more violence. al jazeera continues to demand the release of our three journalists who have now been detained in egypt for 321 days. peter greste, mohammed fahmy,
and baher mohamed are wrongly accused of helping the outlawed muslim brotherhood. they are appealing against their convictions. peter and mohammed were sentenced to seven years in jail. baher mohamed was given an extra three years for having a spending bullet on him which he picked up at a protest. equatorial guinea has been named as the nation to host the african cup of nations. the tiny oil-rich country replaces morocco who has been replaced because of asking for a delay due to fears over ebola. the world health organization has given guinea 66 land kuzers to help fight ebola.
agreement has been reached over burkina faso interim government, but there's no word on who lo be the new leader. the army has been in charge since the resignation of the president last month. more now there the capitol. >> reporter: the agreement is significant. it mean the lieutenant colonel has agreed to step down and hand over power to a civilian. a committee is going to be set up to choose the person that will lead this country. that could take a week, month, or later. until that happens it means he is still the man in charge. speaking to activists who lead the revolution, they were saying now the politicians are in these meetings trying to haggle for positions. they all have different interests and agendas. it could be a long while before a name is decided. it could be as early as monday,
or they have been told it could be later than that. people want a name announced soon, and hopefully then they can start preparing the interim government and move forward towards election in november next year. students in protesting against jobs reforms. unemployment is high as italy continues to be in the middle of an economic crisis. >> reporter: beating the drum for students and workers rights. on friday, thousands of these italians staged anti-government demonstrations in 20 cities across the country. they united against the proposed job ade indication reforms. >> translator: italy offers no future to our generation. our students along with temp workers, unemployed and those
who lost their job have no future perspective. something has to change or we will also be forced to leave the country. >> reporter: this demonstration in rome was the biggest of several protests staged all across the country. marches, sit-ins, and protests brought rome, italy to a stand still. at the finance ministry, tension rose. the same scene was repeated outside of the german embassy. and in northern italy, protesters clashed with the police in milan. >> translator: i'm 40 years old, and i lost my job. i want to know how i can have a dignified life. all i want to do is work and provide for my children and pay for my mortgage. >> reporter: more demonstrations are expected in the coming days and weeks, including a general strike planned for early
december. italy's long road to economic recovery is likely to be paved with protests. boko haram has taken over a town in nigeria's borno state. the town was attacked on thursday, forcing people to flee. nigerian government troops and the civilian force are trying to take though town back. this is where the 276 schoolgirls were kidnapped more than six months ago. a few dozen managed to escape, but boko haram still holds 219 of them. still to come . . . >> i'm lawrence lee in scotland where two months ago people voted to stay in the united kingdom, and now it appears they prefer independence. could another referendum be on where on the horizon?
♪ hello again, welcome back, these are the top stories here at al jazeera. u.n. investigators say isil is committing war crimes on a huge scale across syria. the report says executions, amputations and floggings in public are a regular occurrence. iraqi government forces, though, say they have driven isil out of the oil town of beiji. the army is now pushing to take back the oil refinery that has been under a five-month siege by isil. yemen's shia houthi rebels are making significant military gains in rada', an al-qaeda
strong hold. dozens have been killed in fighting between houthis sunni tribesmen who are backed by al-qaeda. world leaders are gathering in brisbane for the g20 summit this weekend. the russian president, and the german chancellor have arrived to take part in talks about the global economy and trade. andrew thomas reports that other items are competing for attention. >> reporter: it's not easy being russian in australia at the moment. there were 38 people from australia on board malaysia airlines flight 17 when it was shot down over ukraine july. most australians blame russia. >> there is a perception that somebody in russia is sitting drinking woed ka, and laughing at this. no one is laughing at this. >> reporter: as brisbane prepares for the g20 antagonism
towards russia is threatening to overshadow the meeting. australian prime minister tony abbott said he would aggressively confront putin when he got the chance on home soil. russia has responded by moving its navy into waters near australia. >> russia is being much more assertive now than it has been for a very long time. i think there is a heavy responsibility on russia to come marine and return. >> reporter: this man lost both of his parents on board mh 17. >> right now there is an opportunity for world leaders to put pressure on russia to behave more responsibly as a global citizen. >> reporter: the country's representatives make up 85% of the world's gross domestic product. australia's government wants the agenda focused on how to increase world economic growth by 2 percentaging points above
what is predicted. >> people have been critical of the g20 in the past for not delivering tangible outcomes. there will be no single issue that will disinstruct leaders from the task. >> reporter: but other issues will come up. many are disappointed that australia has said climate change will not feature in official g20 talks though following the agreement between u.s. and china to cut greenhouse emissions it will inevitably come up anyway. everything is discussed out solid out comes on anything. australia's government is determined that that won't happen. that this meeting stays narrowly focused on economics. the afghan president is on his first official visit to
pakistan since taking office. he is trying to improve a relationship that was often tense under his predecessor. the u.s. president has urged myanmar leaders to continue their democratic reforms. barack obama met the opposition leader. >> reporter: the message is clear, u.s. president barack obama sees the opposition leader as the future of democracy in myanmar. speaking together, both were critical of the current government's slow move towards political reform. they also referred to the country as burma, its name before it was changed 25 years ago. >> people need to feel safe in their homes and not be subject to arbitrary harassment by authorities, or individuals acting with impunity. people need to be empowered to
pursue their dreams. and as burma approaches important national elections next year, it will be critical to ensure that all of burma's people can participate. >> her party is largely expected to win an election, but she can't run unless the current constitution is changed. >> please don't worry about whether or not we will win the elections in 2015. of course any party wants to win the elections, i'm sure the president will tell you that. but winning is not everything. i would rather lose than win in the wrong way. >> reporter: on thursday the president met with the myanmar president on the sidelines of a regional summit. a show of support for the advancement already made towards democracy, but he didn't hold his news conference there. myanmar government officials say they are pushing reform as fast
as they can, that u.s. friendship is important to them, and they fully intend to live up to expectations. but their worlds ring hollow for many who are now also beginning to wonder if the u.s. may have lifted too many sanctions too soon. >> reporter: this was president obama's second trip to myanmar seeing democracy take hold in this previously isolated country would be a big part in the push towards the asia pacific. many more here would like to see that happen a well >> the latest growth figures for the euro zone has provided some relief for its leaders. germany has narrowly avoided entering recession and france did better than expected. >> reporter: europe's largest economy is growing again but just barely. but it is still enough to avoid a recession.
the second biggest economy in europe, france was a bigger surprise with 0.3% growth. it's all relatively good news that could help change investor's mind sets. >> even in france which is said to be lagging with reforms and such, even there the recovery is bound to -- to set in with moderate rates, but then investment might be justified. >> reporter: but they face a troubled international climate. emerging markets haven't performed as well as hoped for, and that hurts european exports. and then there are the sanctions against russia over ukraine, and that hurts the ability of european companies to make decisions about investments. finally some of the big countries, france and italy, have been reluctant to implement the reforms they agreed to. there is increasing talk that
the central bank might buy up bonds, but many german mp's are opposed. >> translator: what is important now is we don't leave it to the bank alone to improve the situation. it was already heavily involved in rescuing the euro. i see this now as a political task. they need to address this through investment and ending austerity. the german chancellor is unlikely to lend support to anymore softening of austerity policies. the scottish national party has appointed a new leader after narrowing failing to win a independence referendum two months ago. lawrence lee reports.
>> reporter: the scottish nationalists are now amazingly confident. they are in perth where their party is holding their annual conference. and they don't think talk of independence has gone away. >> 58% of people are in favor of another referendum within five years, and two thirds are in favor of another referendum within ten years. so any talk of the september's referendum being the settled role of the people of scotland is clearly nonsense. >> reporter: now many of the 55%, the so-called silent majority admit they might have got it wrong. >> the 55%, i think there is a proportion that now questioned immediately after the referendum whether they made the right decision. i probably was one of them. watching what happened in the
immediate aftermath. >> 81% of the rest of the u.k. would really love scotland to stay in the united kingdom. >> reporter: in the days before the referendum, the no no dengs campaign was offering solemn vows to give scotland more powers. >> english votes for english laws -- >> reporter: yet within hours of the vote results, the prime minister was talking about more powers for england. there has been all kinds of bickering particularly over the european union, but almost no sense that politicians want to attend to scotland's future in the way they promised to before the vote. the net result of that is opinion polls suggest if there was eat referendum now then scotland would vote for independence. the growing english nationalism frightening people like this
furniture importer. if the u.k. voted to leave, he would want another chance to leave the u.k. what is your bet for when there might be another referendum? >> i would say 2018. >> reporter: the year after the referendum? >> yes. >> reporter: in september the english media pleaded with the scotts not to leave. by november scotland isn't even a story. more and more scotts its schemes are intent on getting their independence. the world health organization, w.h.o., is warning that the number of people dying from diabetes every year will double within the next two decades. it is predicted by 2030 the condition will become the world's seventh largest killer. in 2012 alone, 1.5 diabetics
died. lack of aware of the disease, with a lack of access to health services and essential medicines can lead to complications. if you want to find out more about diabetes and the rest of the day's news you can always go to the al jazeera website. ♪ >> two years ago, buddhist mobs tore through rohingya muslim communities in western burma, attacking anyone in their path. it sparked a wave of sectarian violence that spread to other parts of the country, with little hindrance from the authorities. now tens of thousand of rohingya, are housed in primitive camps under government armed guard, while others have tried to flee oversees to malaysia. but as jason motlagh reports, the refugees are being exploited and abused by people traffickers, while aid agencies and govent