>> having a place like this where things are controlled, it's a godsend. >> so godeski will be back every day he can. hello, this is al jazeera america. i'm david shuster in new york. john seigenthaler has the night off. just ahead... ..the ascertain for clues. -- search for clues, recovering groups are finding more debris and bodies to airasia. the search for the black box recorders is under taken a top house republican steve scalise regrets giving a speech to a white soup rem sift group. house speaker regrets it too,
buts says his deputy will remain in the leadership. working over time boston is making school days longer and what officials hope to achieve and why some think it's the wrong approach disappearing act. >> we should be able to figure out how to preserve the institutions in new york. >> with sky rocketing rent the fight for the heart and soul of new york city we begin in south-east asia where it's wednesday morning and the daylight retrieveal of bodies and debris is under way again. proof that airasia plunged into the ocean, killing everyoning on board. crews are searching through the its. search teams are making grim discoveries not far from the spot where the plane had contact
with air traffic controllers. jazz's scott heidler is in surabaya, where the flight originated. the items discovered, how deep is the water there, and how close do investigators think they are to discovering the all-important black boxes? >> it's not that deep when you look at the waters. compared to the mh370 aircraft go down. this is not that deep it's about 150 meters deep. we know that they decided the operations on wednesday. sector 7, that's where the debris was found, the bodies were found on tuesday. sector 5 is above it. they are doing a operation there, there's retreefl in sector 7, search operation in sector 5. both of these operations or separate operations have been put on pause.
>> i understand that the family members of the souls on the flight, they are following every step of the way. what was the reaction when some of the footage came in showing the bodies in the sea? >> they were distraught, as you can well imagine. they saw that. they saw a large stream of the press conference held in jakarta. here in a crisis center in the airport. we hear now what is going to prble happen -- probably happen. this is the crisis center where the families had been throughout the 4-day process. they are probably going be moved close to the center city. that is because there's a hospital there a police hospital where the bodies once they arrive here they'll be processed. articles will be taken off. bodies searched and that's when
the identification process goes on. we know some d.n.a. has been taken from the family members. at the event of the day there'll be a moving over to the processing center the police hospital in the city center. >> we see the emotional reaction of some of the family members as they leave the airport and getting the information. are investigators closer to telling the family members what they know about the weather situation, whether they have had opportunity to analyse weather dat area or whether this have to wait until the flight data recorders are introduced? >> let go back to your question about the flight data recorders. they haven't done too much searching under the service. their priority in sector sex is to get the bodies out of the water. that is the focus. then search and rescue will focus on getting to the debris field. it's a good chunk of is it
beneath the surface to find the debris. there was bad weather, there was a thunder cloud, high thunder clouds around the path of the flight. no more weather details coming out from officials. they are looking at the history of radar, and weather radar to see what role to could have played in the tragedy. >> scott heidler reporting from indonesia. thanks as always. >> the airasia tragedy is the latest in a string of flights that ended in tragedy, including two jet liners, one was shot over ukraine, the other is missing despite months of searching across the indian ocean. unravelling the mystery could take years. jonathan betz has more. >> it's been a grim year. searchers have a long hard road ahead. a lot of comparisons made to
this one. that plane is missing nine months later. searchers are looking, but have no idea where it is or what happened. now, before this flight this had been the longest search for a moderate missing airliner. eight years ago, somewhere over indonesia, crews thought this one had crashed. 10 days alert a fisherman spotted debris in the ocean. it took three more weeks to find the black bombs. they fought over who should cover the cost. the airline did, and it would take eight months. debris was found in the atlantic ocean five days after the crash. floating debris can be miles from the wreckage on the ocean floor. it would take two more years to find most of this plane and the critical black boxes. searchers found it there.
it would take a week to retrieve the black boxes, and months to recover 95% of the plane. when planes go down rarely do crews find everything. it will be months years. >> a death toll from a fire on a greek passenger ferry stands at seven. to albanian sailors, in the efforts to toe tow the ship. the vessel was carrying undocumented migrants to the officials fear there could be more bodies on board than what the manifest listed. emergency crews evacuated more than 400 people. >> i would say after nearly 24 hours. and this is a long time to fill with hope and with fear that you will die, and it changes.
we tried to be together to be connected to other people, and to say we will be safe. but it was hard to believe that always. >> italy and greece are both investigating the cause of the fire. >> officials in somali say that u.s. air strike on monday did, indeed kill the chief of intelligence for the al-shabab group. according to the pentagon the attack came near a base of provisions for the rebel organization. we have more from the white house. >> a senior pentagon official confirmed to al jazeera america, that the u.s. targeted a man identified as the chief of intelligence and an islamist group affiliated with al qaeda. he is known by two names. the pentagon is not confirming his death in the drone strike in somali. but officials say he was killed in the attack.
pentagon statement issued yesterday said simply that the u.s. military conducted an air strike against the al-shabab, and said the target was a senior al-shabab leader. al-shabab is an ultra conservative group that wants to run somali by its interpretation of sharia law. despite the losses including the killing of a leader in a u.s. air strike al-shabab remains a threat. on christmas day they attacked the main african union base. they said it was in retaliation for the death of al-shabab leader who was killed in a u.s. air strike. troops pushed al-shabab out of major strong holds. al-shabab fighters still carry out attacks in somalia's
capital. >> jamie mcintyre reporting from the white house are you. -- white house. >> mayor bill de blasio met with some of his big critics. the relationship has been continues. another law enforcement concern was highlighted today, the dangers that police officers face every day across the country. paul beban is here with more on that story. >> the national enforcement officer's memorial found tracks line of duty death and compiled data going back decades, and this is what is interesting. last year was a banner year. it was the lowest number of officer deaths since 1944. this year's numbers tell a different and more complicated story. they came to brooklyn from near and far. thousands of users from around the country. wearing white gloves.
honouring a fallen come rad. new york police officer rafael ramos was gunned down with his partner, wenjian liu, two of the 126 local, state and federal officers who lost their lives in the line of duty last year up 24% over 2013. the funeral came amid a heated national debate about the treatment of african-americans by law enforcement. the killer was a man who posted online threats against police after the officer involved deaths of michael brown in ferguson, missouri, and eric garner in new york. >> officers are at greater risk today than i have seen in recent times. we need to do something to stop it. 50 officers were shot and killed in 2014 a 56% increase over last year. 15 of those were ambush style assaults, like the one that claimed the lives of officers in
brooklyn. the most in nearly 20 years. the number of officers killed by gunfire was up sharply, the overall numbers increased compared to last year the long-term trend is unclear. officer deaths are going down. 2014's total is far below the average of 151 over the past decade and a drop from 2011 when 171 died. according to the national law enforcement officers new report this year california led the country with 14 fers killed followed by texas, new york florida, and georgia. >> we should remember that there are 900 thus me women in law enforcement going out putting their lives at risk for our safety and protection. >> putting their lives at risk sometimes losing them their names carved in stone at the nation's capital. >> one other notes.
the officers who died were 41 years old and served for 12 years. it's not the rookies, most of the time it's veterans. >> paul beban, great piece to washington d.c. and troubles for republicans as they prepared to take control. today congressman grim announced he plans to resign. and released a statement saying: grim pleaded guilty to tax eveilings. in november he was still elected to serve a third term. grim will be sentenced in june and faces up to three years in prison. the new york governor will schedule a special election >> one of the top republican leaders acknowledge speaking to a white soup rem sift group. it was said:
scalise was a member of the louisiana legislature when he spoke to a group founded by former k.k.k. leader david duke. house speaker john boehner says he has full confidence despite his deputy's error in judgment. fred caringer was a 2012 candidate. he is president of the group rites equals rites. as a republican should john boehner keep scalise in the republican house leadership? i would yield to him on that. i think he apologised. this is a bone. i think he'll be hard pressed to get rid of him.
i would have to goa long with his colleague, that he doesn't have a racist bone in his body. he believes that he is viable politically. in the interview it was a time when scalise was a republican refusing to condemn david tubing. it's a little more murky. >> we could see more coming out. if it is the case it's up to the speaker to relief him of his job as majority whip. this incident happened 12-13 years ago. he has apologised. we need to move forward. >> does it noble john boehner to immunize himself. as you said he's saying okay i'll keep scalise was an outreach to the tea party. does that earn political ships in getting the tea party to back away from him challenging his
speakership. >> i think so. i think this is a problem for him. he is a lyle guy -- a loyal guy. he stood by government. he'll stand by caucus as long as it did not get worse. >> one person that was not stood by is congressman michael grim who pleaded guilty to tax evasion. he was under a 20 count indictment and the voters decided he was better than the democrat. and there was the congressman grim wanting to hold on. and john boehner convinced him no, he may get sentenced to prison time. for the sake of the house, he had to get out of here. did he embarrass the republican party? >> we are looking at a thug here who was a huge embarrassment. he was under the house financial
services committee, and committed income tax evasion. he needs to go. i think that was part of the deal. it usually is when there's a deal made with a sitting member of the house and senate. where the resignation is part of the plea. my assumption is that with this. >> when the new congress takes session, president obama almost seems relieved that he is not facing another election he's more aggressive. and some domestic policy signalling. how should republicans react to the president at the beginning of the year? >> i wish they'd sit down with him. president obama has not reached out. he has met with i think, mitch mcconnell three times, in his six years, and he needs to do what ronald reagan did, when he reached across the aisle, and they became friend and got a lot done. the president and the house and senate leadership need to sit
down and work things out. try and get together. go to camp dived, use the white house and the paul pit to make friends. it will not be easy but it shouldn't be done through executive orders that the president hopes to do. there's a lot of republicans that don't think ronald reagan has a place. we have you later in the show to talk about advancements in gay rights. we look forward to talking to you. >> all week long we focus on the issue of immigration, more than 68,000 immigrants seized are children and families are stuck waiting to learn their status. hei reports. >> david family units, defined as a personality travelling with one child continues to across the boarder in record numbers. in the rio grande valley border control captures 108 of these
families a day. four out of five from central america. detention centers are so fall that the government processes the families and released them as they wait for deportation hearings. >> it's the same seen repeated twice daly. a homeland security bus pulls in. an officer sustains aside. families mostly single mothers with their children poor out. as the maying rants line up to buy bus tickets to join family they are orderly, nervous and chusted. some have been on the road for 20 days. >> how was your trip here? very tiring. six of the families are from guatemala, another six are from
honduras. nine from el salvador. i asked why did they make the journey now, they said one thing has not changed in their home countries, too little opportunities, too much violence. this woman lived in massachusetts for two decades working as a cashier before returning to guatemala to bring back her son. >> he was a newborn when we left him. the two jourpied for 15 days and swam across the rio grande before they were detained. now they catch their breath. for 17 years they have seen each other in pictures and videos. he has to study and be a good person. >> he can't do that in guatemala? >> no. >> me has in guatemala when she heard president obama's decision to no longer deport parents of
u.s. citizens. she has two daughters born in the u.s. not only me there's a lot of people waiting for this. >> is that what made you come - decide to come new? >> yes. >> what had been lost on her and many other migrants is the recent border crosses have not qualified for the deportation. >> i want to dom back. i had my whole family here. >> she's allowed to regain them in massachusetts. mel meat a recently born grandchild. then a judge will decide how long the family union will last. the vast majority argue for political asylum and the likelihood of success depends on whether they have an attorney and where they land. the case varies from 60%, to as
low as 20% in others. >> kavt heidi zhou-castro reporting from dallas. george h bush has returned home. he was cleared, admitted a week ago after having breathing problems. a spokesperson said the nine-year-old is grateful for doctors, and nurses for their care. >> coming up same-sex marriage is legal in 35 states. in washington d.c. - what the new year could mean for new legislation. plus outrage over the nut rage case on korean airlines led to the arrest of an embarrassed south korean executive.
in russia protesters took to the streets after a vladimir putin critic was arrested. he was picked up by an anti-government rally, breaking a sentence of house arrest to attend the demonstration, critics say the conviction was political pay back. his brother was convicted of 3.5 years, of fraud and embezzle a north korean veteran that threw a tant trump over macadamia nuts is di guesting the consequences. she was taken into kust and harry fawcett was at the courthouse. >> it's familiar if unwelcome. another round in relation to a bag of nuts served.
she shouted at the cabin crew chief. ordered the plane back to the gate in new york and had the man thrown off. she was accused of breaking aviation safety and work place laws and abusing her continue. >> the extraordinary level stems from the fact that it started over a bag of nuts and what all of this says over the nation of hierarchy and inequality in society. >> she made a public apology, and is a third generation member of a corporate giant family. the elite of the leet. this grabbed some of the the public's attention. but i hear of many incidents that happen that does not end up in the paper. >> it highlights the problem of
cosy ragss between reg alators and business. eight months after a ferry disaster that triggered reform. on monday it was admitted that some tried to hamp are the situation. any favouritism has evaporated. they await trial for offenses that could see her handed a prison sentence. next why school days in a major city is about to get longer. plus, they'll never forget 2014 here in the river valley and the reason is obviously. i'm allen schauffler looking back at the oso landslide, the deadliest in u.s. history.
same next marriage is growing. free and clear - hundreds of convicts exxon rated because of d.n.a. evidence. the role of eyewitnesss. and returning to the u.s. university of michigan to coach. and he surprised officials with an unusual demand before signing his contract for advocates of same-sex marriages, 2014 was a big year. gay marriage is legal in 35 states, and the district of columbia, a year ago 30% of americans lived in states allowing same sex couples to tie the knot. we look bag at how far gay rites have come. >> bonny and lynn never expected
there were relationship to be part of a battle that went to the supreme court. >> i feel like i was a part. >> reporter: the two have been together for 13 years, a ban an same-sex marriage didn't allow them to take their vows. >> i lived in indiana, i love the state. that's why we are fighting it. i love them they may not love what i am. >> last year a serious illness sent bonny to the hospital. lynn was prevented from entering bonny's room. >> it was the most awful feeling that i was totally helpless. i broke my knuckles open pounding on the doors. they finally let me in. >> the two took part in baskin v logan. a change on same-sex marriage and won. >> possibility the most important thing to say about the
intersection of the judiciary and sam sex marriage is the pace of change is extraordinary. >> you are joined in marriage as wife and wife. >> that change was evident with a series of decisions that were struck down. the u.s. court declined to intervene most likely because there was no real despite a criterion for the court to take the case is when lower courts are split. there's no disoght among the -- disagreement among the lower courts. >> that change has been evident in public opinion. as it cut across party lines. according to a pew research center poll, half the publish,
54%, faces allowing gays and lesbians to marry. 31% favour same-sex marriage, while 35% oppose it. >> a decision by the u.s. supreme court not to hear cases defaulted to lawyer court decisions. >> i'm so blessed. not only to be with bony hopefully for the rest of my life. being legally married to her. >> to date courts legislators and voters in 5 state, and the distribute of columbia allow them to marry. 15 states wan the practice. >> with this reasoning i three web. >> propon ents say these are bittersweet victories. these two father sued the state of kentucky and its governor they lost. on appeal their case could be amongst several heard by the
u.s. supreme court. when we started this we didn't think we'd be a case going the supreme court. we thought it would be played out like many in the queue before us. we thought it would be settled before kentucky makes it to the supreme court. sure enough all the other circuits ruled in favour of the marriage equality except for the sixth circuit. >> it was here that michael and greg lost the appeal. same-sex marriage was upheld in four states. there's mounting pressure on the u.s. supreme court to weigh in and it's possible greg and michael's case could be the one to set the stage for a same-sex law. >> if we end up being part of the case we will not be able to hide. we are prepared for that. we will be ready. that could happen soon after justices take up the cases at the next private conference in january.
. >> back with us is president of the lbg equal rights group. regarding the possibility of supreme court taking the case are you looking forward to that or is it with trepidation when you think about the supreme court and what it might do. >> no trepidation. i think we'll win it in june. it's time. the supreme court set it up about 18 months ago when they removed the worst part of the defensive marriage act, and thou we see the states, we have 15 to go. it will be a federal law come june next year. florida will start marriages next week. the third-largest state in the country. it will be the courageous plaintiffs that you interviewed and courageous lawyers, putting their lives on the line. it wouldn't surprise me if
marriage equality is supported. here is a guy married to someone of a different race. he couldn't have married his wife virginia in 1967 if it hadn't been for the supreme court. there were 16 states that didn't allow that. i'm optimistic. i look forward to celebrating with a lot of people in washington all over the county and world when the supreme court makes that ruling in june. >> as you know the battle over lbgt right is not just about marriage there has been cases that the supreme court and others handled involving things like equal access and whether insurance companies cover things for couples. where do you see as putting aside marriage where is the next big battle that you see? >> i think the second most important thing is employment discrimination act. it passed the senate last year. we hope it will be brought up in
the new congress. it's illegal in 39 states if you are a gay lesbian by sexual transgender to be in the work place, you can get fired. there's no protection. the f.d.a. loosened up on the blood ban against gay men. we have to remain celebrate for a year. we need to change that. there are things like boy scouts that kicked the door open allowing gay scouts not masters. that will change. there's a number of things to do. the l.b.g.d. community is tired of getting treated as second class citizens. >> fred a former candidate and a president of the lbgt group, rights equals rights. good for you to be on the program. thank you. >> a case of michael brown, a missouri taken killed by a police officer is bringing attention to eyewitness testimony. more than 100 men convicted of
crimes have been exxon rated after d.n.a. evidence proved that witnesses were wrong about what they thought they had seen. tom ackerman has more. >> dennis is a happily married father of two. the 19 years he spent in prison for rapes he did not commit are never far from his mind. nor the realisation that the victims were so many in picking him as their attacker. >> i was trying to reason why it all happened. how could they misidentify me. >> the first victim said i didn't have a moustache, the second said i did. i can't grow a moustache overnight. they went on with the case. >> he is one of 361 convicted if the u.s. who were exonerated thanks to evidence. scientific proof witnessed memories, that were forgotten, restructed updated and
distorted. >> more than 70% relied on inaccurate eyewitness testimony. jennifer was sure the man she sent to prison did the crime, only to learn that d.n.a. showed it was committed by someone else. >> i can remember thinking to myself if that's wrong. if bobby pool raped me and it wasn't ronald maybe everything i thought was true is not. >> police officers recognised the fallibility of witness identification, and have begun to adopt changes to deal with it. >> william brooks the police chief trains his officers in how to avoid influencing witnesses, ein unconsciously. >> the policeman used the witness to pick out a face doesn't know what the suspect looks like. it allows us to testify that we
couldn't have said or done anything because the officer showing the photographs had no idea which one was the suspect. >> the national academy of since raelds witnesses be asked how competent they are. >> we take it at the point of identification and we do not wait. the further we wait the greater the chance for influence. >> so far few it need the safeguards. >> in boston some students may have to wait longer to hear the dismissal bell a change is due to go in effect for 23,000 students. the day will last 40 minutes longer. the proposal based on research saying a longer school day will boost performance for students in school.
students spend less time in the classroom than the national average. chris joins us in the studio. do you think the proposal is a wised in. >> it makes sense. it's hard to argue with the fact that if you had students in school it would be great. there are areas here about what will be getting done during 40 minutes. >> they didn't really inform the teachers to consult about getting the resources. >> right. you can extend the school day 40 minutes or an hour. if there's poor instruction or disengagement. then there's just 40 more minutes of disengagement and poor introduction. really having a conversation whether 40 minutes is enough to do something to transform teaching and learning. >> this has been tried in new york city, it fail. why did it fail in new york.
what did they do wrong is this. >> a couple of things. first, there was not a conversation about what they needed for the 40 minutes, and there wasn't a conversation with student or parents. when you have bureaucrats having conversations about what is going on in classrooms they make decisions on what makes sense. the pack to maintaining achievement gaps - they pay for good intentions. it's not that the folks are poorly intentioned. they have not thought about the nuances of what happened in classrooms and how it translate. >> you have done groundbreaking work in terms of creative ways that people can learn. is that creativity missing from schools like boston and new york. >> well it's not just adding more or less time it's the time that is spent on teaching and learning, and what you are teaching and learn for. if you teach and learn for a
blind assessment and teachers are hyper focused on meeting the benchmarks, there's no space for creativity or being engaged or developing an idea of a joy of learning or teaching. that is absent when they are driven to be successful in a conventional marker. >> we had you on the show i regret not asking you this last time. >> you used hip hop to teach, how does it work? >> it's one of those culture phenomena. i'm about teaching in a way that reflects the needs of the community. youth in certain places or deeply entrenched i make the argument that they have to be represented in the curriculum. if they are not into hip-hop but are in for basks weaving - hip hop is such a powerful tool it captures the imagination. it's aligned nicely to teaching
and learning it should be a part of what we are doing. >> does it show that it lines up with how the brain functions. when kids learn through music and song. they have a better way of remembering it through practice and repetition. >> we are talking about music and culture. not only does it have a music am component. it's has a notion of movement an idea of pain utilizing technology. hip hop serves as a model of all the things that you should be doing to get young people engaged. >> what's the exception to efforts when you talked about this. >> a lot say why don't you just have 45 minutes of teaching. others say the stakes are high. this is engaging young people. they are going well. we had young people across who don't do well in science, asking
for more science classes and doing better on the tests and exams. it's been convincing folks who are not in the classrooms that this is rible available. >> associate professor at the teachers college columbia university. congratulations in your success and work. >> a town in washington state is recovering from the deadliest mudslide? u.s. history. a wall of mud engulfed part of oso. millions have been raised to help the victims. >> allen schauffler looks apt the disaster wh what has happened since. >> in washington still, they will never forget 2014 the land slide that dammed a river, spread mud up to 50 feet deep over a square mile will not let them. it wiped out a neighbourhood, killed 43 people the deadliest slide history.
clearing and preparing the highway, a critical transportation link took six months. a memorial including 43 trees. this is a constant remind are of how many friends i lost and everything else that happened. >> two wrongful death lawsuits brought by a dozen families tart the country, the state. local american tribes and the logging company. more legal action is expected. this shoulder of foothills slid before, and been studied and worked on so often the slide zone has its own name. hazel. the dangers should have been better understood and residents should have been warned about buying property and building homes here. a governor's commission which did not seek to place blame, praises emergency response and recommends land slide mapping and risk assessment. emphasising better use of local
volunteers in disaster zones and calls for smoother coordination between responding agencies. the national card was not put into action until after a full week. the request to activate a multiagency response was turned down because this was not a fire. kathy chaired the governor's commission. did we miss opportunities? >> potentially, yes. can the system work more quickly. y, probably so. >> the report concludes: >> how do you get responders there faster and more of them? once you under the situation is extraordinary. at year's end with memorial industries decorated for the holidays prosk is moving.
the car on the mountain keeps the mountains alive. >> wounds heel. >> you will always see that. >> i will always see the devastation, and - forever. >> marleau says some of her neighbours have simply moved away. just ahead - hail to the victors - jim the head football coach at the university of michigan, leaving the san francisco 49ers, he will not make as much money as analysts predicted. there's a reason. he wanted it that way. plus, the changing landscape of new york city, why the big apple is losing some of its unique character.
the university's football team with the most wins in the history of football has been struggling. many of the faithful and rivals describe harbour as michigan's saviour. >> i want to do a good job and be good and win, and win at practice, i want to win at the practice field, in the classroom and in the community, and on saturday afternoons and we'll have great expectations for that. >> we spoke with john bacon about the deal including harbour speaking to fans and asked how high the expectations are after a large pay check. >> insane seems about right to me. sf you make 5 million even though it could be eight or nine.
the average professor gets many. guess what half the teams on an estate lose. so your team gaent be the champions, obviously. you have to play somebody i think the whole thing in some ways. i love michigan football. and jim is a presented of mine. the pressure on him this even is superhuman. the craziness - i want to put a map on the clean saying in sit after state, the highest is a football or a pasket ball coach. the pressure that that puts on universities to deliver. what has that done to the integrity of ledge sports and what it was supposed to be. >> that's a great question. knowing the integrity of the sports and the university themselves. are you a football factor
biology department. or a university that plays unable. 37 out of 50 states the highest played emimpose is a football pore basketball coach. vermont - it is a university president. it says a lot there. when you put this many eggs in one basks. to me it's a racecourse. you build it up build it up. but the legs and the horse are no thicker. sooner or later they'll break. as much as i love the progress and college football and appreciate harbour taking $5 hill million which is crazy but realistic. sooner or later the whole thing will collapse. you covered college football. what jumps out at you the most over the developments in ann arbor. >> i'm going back to being a fan. check this out. what jump out at me is jim
harbour turned down bigger money, big cities big stages all the fame to follow his heart and not his pocket book and come back. in that sense the craze yiz enterprise of whelming sport as -- college sport was confirmed to be as much a religion as a business. there's hope for us all somewhere down there. >> john bacon, best selling ports writer author. thank you for coming on the show. we appreciate it. >> always a pleasure. >> no better dude than john bacon. >> our picture of the day is next, plus big changes in the big apple as iconic buildings are being replaced by condos.
christopher putzel reports. >> i'm going to have a chicken noodle movementsa ball soup. >> broadway star martha is fighting a tough battle for her beloved institution. the cafe edison for 34 years has been serving up cuisine to the theatre crowd. >> cafe edison is a critical part of the community's history. it's a meeting place and a gathering spot for everyone from broadway stars and factors to to musicians, writers. half the crew is there now having the dinner break. >> martzeder sat down for a favourite meal between performances. >> there are few places left in the area that feel like it's
something that the broadway community uses or shares. >> the menu may be a part of broad way history, a casualty of development that swept across the city. >> being chased out. the owner of the hotel wants to convert the space to a white tablecloth restaurant with a named chef. he doesn't want cafe edison here any more. >> for weeks the broadway community rallied to save the cafe. recruiting local politicians to the cause. hoping to stop a unique icon from vanishing. >> cafe edison to stay in the magical place. a survey found that 82 new york restaurants closed in 2014. guys as many as the -- twice as many as the previous year. the culprit sky high rent increases. another survey looking at businesses that closed found the
city lost 7,000 years of history in a dozen years. it's a sign of a city 2001s forming at break neck speed. wiping out local sfashts that formed its character. >> we should figure out how to preserve the cultural places in the city. >> ron spent decades teaching community development. we learnt how to preserve buildings, we have to learn to preserve culture. we have to fine tune the kinds of programs and incentives to keep laces like edison alive. >> new yorkers expect this kind of thing, we know that change is around the corner. nothing lasts forever, we know this well. >> it domescomes down to how you define the wealth of the city and finally our picture of
the day - the vikings have once again raided scotland. men dressed as historic figures participate in a hug, signalling the start of the scottish new year's celebration. i'm david shuster, "america tonight". >> on "america tonight" - losing track of airliners. as the wreckage of airasia comes to surface - we ask why has a safety recommendation been delayed for years. could a simple piece of technology have saved lives. also - shot and killed by police - now months later the l.a.p.d. releases the autopsy. >> the coroner's autopsy identified that the death was caused by a gunshot wound to the flight flank and a contact wound to the back. >> searching