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tv   News  Al Jazeera  January 12, 2015 9:00am-9:31am EST

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>> afghanistan's president names his unity cabinet three months after being sworn in. >> you're watching al jazeera live from our headquarters in doha. also ahead on the program we're getting reports of an attack by boko haram against a military base in cameroon. we'll bring you the latest on that. [ gunfire ] >> more peshmerga fighters killed by isil as iraq's prime minister criticizes what he calls the slow response by the international coalition. back to school children in
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peshawar resume lessons after the attack that killed hundreds of their classmates. plus how the thousand-year-old cantonese language is under threat. >> news just in as boko haram talked a base in cameroon. let's speak to al jazeera's correspondent to hear about any casualties. why this military base in cameroon would be a target? >> reporter: we heard one soldier was killed during this attack then the security forces
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have killed many boko haram fighters who have attacked the base. now the target of boko haram has expanded. initially it was security forces now they're attacking military bases both within nigeria and outside of it, as we just heard in cameroon. simply because the military in those countries are trying to take back territory. push back boko haram in areas they're known to operate especially in northeast nigeria. this is not the first that bee co-had a ram attacked a base in cameroon. remember ten days ago it attacked a base in northeast nigeria where soldiers from chad and cameroon were supposed to be operating. although during the attack the
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base contained only mostly nigerian soldiers at the time. >> ahmed, how much coordination is there between the nigerian authorities and cameroon authorities in fighting boko haram, and have they said anything on the latest attack against their military? >> well, basically they say there is some form of coordination between the two countries. as we all know everyone country makes decisions that it seems necessary to defend it's own people and defend it's own territory. so nigeria and cameroon are seeking different approaches to deal with boko haram. there has been corroboration and it may not work all the time but they are taking individual steps to try to restore different areas.
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at this moment what we're hearing from security forces inside cameroon. >> thank you for that update. cuba has released 53 political prisoners as part of last month's historic deal with the united states. it led to an agreement for the two country to restore diplomatic relations after a 50-year freeze. prisoners in prison for activating social and political reform in cuba. the afghans afghan president has now nominated the key members of his administration. ashraf ghani has nominated ministers and chief of the national bank.
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another announcement for afghanistan by ashraf began ashraf ghani. >> that's right. afghans have been waiting for three months for this cabinet. it includes three women none of them have been ministers before. that's something that ashraf ghani and the co-leader of his unit government, the ceo abdullah abdullah have been promising. ashraf ghani saying he wants to see things change in government of course, corruption part of the government before. the defense minister an peace council would be head of foreign affairs. this all still has to be confirmed by parliament. parliamentarians said they would
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look at them very carefully and make sure they can could the job, but for the afghan people many things have been paralyzed since the presidential election process started last april. many people have been reluctant to do anything, and lack of ministers during this new administration meant that many of the government offices have not been operating as normal. afghans will be watching and waiting, hoping that these 25 new ministers head of central bank and head of intelligence will be confirmed fairly quickly so life can move on in afghanistan. >> you mentioned corruption, and there are new allegations of corruption and misuse of money. what do you know about that? >> that's right. this is a new report on from the united states inspector general
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relief funds give by the u.s. to pay for afghan's police. this report shows there is widespread corruption in using that fund, an twice as many police i.d.s issued as there are police, but there is no electronic payroll system in place. there is no way to guarantee that the money paid is going to the afghan police officers. the reports say that as many as 20% of afghanistan police are in jeopardy of not getting some of all of their salaries. there is suggestion that latitude for his chiefs to abuse this fund, line their own pockets, to create ghost policemen. this fund is very controversial here. at the end of year president ashraf ghani asked the international community to allow this fund be paid out by the
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afghan government. this shows how difficult how challenging things will be. the infrastructure still not in place. many in the international community believe to stamp out that corruption, but ashraf ghani still very keen to see his government take control of those kinds of finances. >> jennifer glasse reporting from a kabul afghanistan. the speed of the response by the international community to the threat post by isil is under further scrutiny. iraq's prime minister said that it's too slow. speaking in cairo he maintained that the coalition failed to provide snuff military--enough military support to his troops. meanwhile isil fighters have killed 24 members of the kurdish security forces. it's the deadliest single attack against the kurds since last summer. it took place near gwer, southwest of erbil.
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we have more from erbil. >> reporter: peshmerga has confirmed that they lost dozen of their men after a fight with isil in gwer, near the capital of erbil. they said that the town, most of the people fled, fearing isil. there are continued isil fighters around the town of gwer
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gwer in a town where peshmerga have been in control. now in daring attack five kilometers away from erbil shows how daring isil is becoming by the day. >> libya's general national congress is meeting in tripoli to does the upcoming mediated talks with its rival parliament, which sits in trobruk. the talks are scheduled to take place in geneva next week. al jazeera continues to demand the release of its three journalist who have been in egypt for for a year.
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mohamed fahmy, bader mohammed, and peter greste have been accused of spreading false news and aiding the outlawed muslim brotherhood by al jazeera denies. their retrial may begin in a month. >> turkey's security said that a gunman from france crossed into turkey last thursday. hayat boumeddiene is believed to arrive in turkey before the attacks. she is believed to have arrived a day before four people were killed in a hostage taking in paris. a group has been planning attacks with detainees held at a prison in beirut.
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security agents stormed the detention center early on monday. even though they blame isil, the al nusra front claim they were behind the attacks. nicole johnston has more from tripoli. >> reporter: this is an alawite community. they are in direct opposition with their neighbors in tripoli. the majority sunni muslim, and they're supporting syria's rebels. relations between the two communities here have been tense for years. since the war started next door in syria things have gotten even war. on saturday night there was a shock for both sides. two suicide-bombers who live down the road, they walked to
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this busy cafe area in the middle of the aloe white community, and blue themselves up killing nine people. now the al nusra front has claimed responsibility for this. this is an al-qaeda-aligned group. they said they did it to take revenge fortuneys who had been killed in lebanon and syria. it's an example of how the war in neighboring syria is impacting lebanon. >> still ahead on al jazeera, how senegal preserves vaccines in remote regions without power.
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surprising talks with the most interesting people of our time.
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>> hello again. the headlines on al jazeera, boko haram fighters have attacked a military base in neighboring cameroon. at least one soldier was killed and an unknown boko haram fighters killed as well. the u.s. has sought prisoners release in cuba last year which led to an agreement for the two countries to restore diplomatic relations after a 50-year freeze. these months after taking office the afghan president nominated the key members of his administration. ashraf ghani has named 25
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ministers and financial chief to head up the national bank. in an attack where mostly children were killed in december. walls have been raised and electric fencing added to boost security. we have more from peshawar. >> reporter: schools across the country will reopen. as you can see the students are back. the mood is defined. they said they want to go back to school no matter the risk, but the apprehensions are also high. they're concerned about the security of their children. while the military-run schools will have top-notch security, private institutions like the one in peshawar will have to beef up their limited security. they're putting up razor water
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metal detectors. this is a country in a state of war, and the government has appeared that it does not have any plans to effectively stop these attacks from happening again. they're not in a position to deliver, and the people of pakistan particularly the parents, want security for their children so they can go to their schools without any fear. and many people are afraid about the future of education in this country. >> sri lanka's new president is in the process of announcing his new cabinet. maithripala sirisena is only a few days in his new job and he's busy forming a new government. he has promised a new government system and route out corruption. charles stratford has more from
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colombo. [ cheering ] >> reporter: thethese are activists for the new president to act on his promise to deliver an independent judiciary. they're very anger about the continued employment of the top judge in the country. they said former president raja rajaapakasa's appointment of the judge was completely illegal. >> there has to be rule of law in this country it has to be independent. the chief judge and every other judge needs to be free from political parties. >> reporter: the previous meeting had absolutely no respect for democracy.
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judicially, it became the judicial of the president. >> reporter: part of the new president's hundred-day plan to remove what he called cronyism. they want action now. >> indonesia's search and rescue team has found one of two flight recorders from the airasia plane. 162 passengers and crew were killed when that plane crashed into the java sea two weeks ago. >> the announcement came two weeks and one day after the plane crashed at sea in singapore. the data recorder was found two kilometers from the airasia plane. >> i received an official report from the national transport safety committee. at 7:11:00 a.m. local time we
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succeeded in lifting a part of the black box known as the flight data recorder. >> the recorder contained up to 50 hours of flight information will be opened in jakarta. indonesia set up a laboratory to inspect the airplane accident back in 2009. the team from france will assist in the process that can take a few months to finalize. >> if we have converted all data experts will analyze it. of course, we'll have several possession earths looking at the different flight process. engineers will look at the engineering part, and human parts will be analyzed. >> they'll hope to find some answers. all flight data will be analyzed right here. in a few months relatives of the victims should get some clearance. the relatives of the 162 victims
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hope that the conclusion could be presented to them soon, and they hope to find the bodies that are likely still trapped in the main body of the plane. >> south korea's president said she's open to holding a summit with north korea's president kim jong-un: she said he should be part of that discussion. >> firebombs the tax come weeks after the two-month long protest rally camps were removed by police. protesters are demanding the right to choose their leader. many speakers of cantonese
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believe their language is under threat of mandarin. it is spoken by 60 million people. it sounds like a lot but it's just a fraction of the billion speakers of mandarin. we're in southern china where the cantonese community challenge is trying to keep their identity alive. >> reporter: in the southern chinese city of guangzhou u it is the language on the street. tracing it's roots back a thousand years it can claim a far longer tradition than 100-year-old mandarin. but there are signs fewer people are speaking cantonese. >> now at work people will speak mandarin more. it's easier to communicate with colleagues from other places. >> when i'm at home with my child i will speak cantonese.
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and it's up to him to choose between cantonese and mandarin. >> academics run a project for students to record and archive variations of cantonese before they disappear. >> in more remote areas a lot more regional dialects are dying out. many in their 20s and 30s can't speak their dialect any more. >> fears that cantonese is under threat has led to street protests in the past. they believe that it is a way for the central government to impose it's will in different places. in doing so the cantonese community could suffer as well. >> the concern for the chinese authorities is that the country should have an unifying language to match its status as a global power and a report last year revealed that a third of the population that's 400 million people still can't speak
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mandarin. >> as china grows the challenge for the minority cantonese community will be to keep it's distincttive identity within it. al jazeera. >> senegal is pursuing an immunization program to reduce child mortality. getting the vaccines to remote areas is a real challenge. >> visits from the team are a special occasion. there are no hospitals in this remote region. their arrival always attracts a crowd. especially when they're spotted carrying vaccine coolers. no one here has ever been vaccinateed. [ baby crying ] >> it's great. all of the kids in in the village are getting it. all children under five. >> but getting it to those who need it most is difficult. vaccines need to be kept between 0 and 8-degrees celsius.
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vaccines can be damaged because lack of storage. >> there is no electricity to power a fridge. sometimes we have ice but there is no way to control the temperatures. it's trucial that we find a way to transfer the immunizations otherwise the work is useless. >> many children continue to suffer from infectious diseases like tuberculosis, polio or yellow fever. 100million children died last year because of-- children--1.5 million children died last year because of lack of vaccinations. that is unacceptable. >> these coolers are manufactured to with stand the tough sub-saharan client.
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this cooler is powered by rechargeable batteries and can preserve the vaccines up for a month. there is a microchip to access remotely to monitor the temperature tears. there is work on a solar powered one. but some say that these latest designs are i i am practicable. coolers need to be sturdy enough to survive transport. the team is on the road again. these vaccines need to be used before they're damaged. ahead is a walk to the next village where more children are waiting for the next life-saving injection. >> for as long as anyone can remember members of south africa's biggest tradition of religious groups have worn
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leopard skins, but with the big cat facing extinction, many are wearing fake furs. >> members of the church go through the steps of a traditional religious dance. january is a holy month for the shemba and thousands of the faithful have gathered for a special ceremony. but this year the men have swapped skins for fake fur. >> this protection of animal. therefore, we don't have to kill the animal in order to beautify ourselves. >> but opinion among church members is divided. leopard skins are a symbol of pride, and some don't want the tradition to change. >> i believe this is as a church
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we cannot try to change things. we may have found ourselves having lost the identity. >> there are estimates that there are only 7,000 leopards left in south africa. their decline is largely due to poaching. while fake fur is a cheaper and more animal-friendly alternative, some church members say the debate about ceremonial dress has become a distraction to more important issues. >> treating holiness of man it's not about how you dress. to me i will not wear it. [ singing ] >> a few years ago conservation conservationists were worried that as the shembe church grew that leopard would be pushed to extinction but they're wearing
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fake fur playing their part in the fate of the leopard. >> just a reminder, you can keep up-to-date on all the latest news at our website at >> people are on the move. the largest number of refugees since the end of world war ii. this is "inside story." hello, i'm ray suarez. around the world people who have concluded that staying where they are is just too dangerous hit the road, leaving their homes, crossing international