Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 11, 2015 12:00am-12:31am EDT

12:00 am
and >> the path to peace - columbia's government says it will hold air strikes against f.a.r.c. rebels for a month. hello, welcome to al jazeera, live from our headquarters in doha. i'm elizabeth puranam. also ahead. iraqi forces say they are only a few kilometres from the city of tikrit as they continue to try to retake territory from i.s.i.l. former secretary of state hillary clinton admits using her personal email account to conduct official business.
12:01 am
>> i'm trying to tell you you're making a big mistake, you people how a hollywood classic is helping people in argentina get used to the idea of jury trials. columbia's president has announced announced it will seize air strikes for a month, after the f.a.r.c. or armed forces of columbia announced a ceasefire last year. peace talks have been ongoing in cuba since 2012. >> translation: to boost the deyefl callation of the conflict -- de-escalation of the conflict i have decided to stop bombings over-f.a.r.c. camps for a month. after that time we'll review op behalf and according to the
12:02 am
results. we'll decide whether to continue with the measure. >> we have more from bogota. >> this is the first time in over two years of negotiations that the government decides somewhat reduce the level of attacks on the rebels as president manuel santos made the announcement on tuesday. he announced that he ordered the armed forces to stop all air attacks on f.a.r.c. rebel camps for a month. this comes in response to a unilateral ceasefire on the behalf of the rebels announced in december. and president santos in a speech an tuesday said that the f.a.r.c. have fulfilled their commitments so far, and that's why he is going to try to do the same, just for a month. this is a cautious move by the
12:03 am
government. it's also part of larger de-escalation of the conflict that has been going on sense the f.a.r.c. made their announcement on saturday. another major announcement coming when peace negotiators and f.a.r.c. rebels said that they'll work in a joint effort to remove land mines from the country. what we see is a long conflict is slowly spreading some of its violent aspects and we'll see hor in coming months and we'll see that negotiations will be able to move on further and caster on the main sticking point which is that of transitional justice. >> john lindsay pollen is a co-director of the columbian programme, and says the f.a.r.c. have been observing the unilateral ceasefire declared in december.
12:04 am
>> the pressure has been building for a response on the part of the government to f.a.r.c.'s declaration of a unilateral ceasefire in december. part of that is the f.a.r.c. by the government's own documentation has been observing ceasefire, so the rational for continuing offensive operations on the part of the government has been weakened by that. and there's an obvious logic too responding with - in order to make a bilateral ceasefire. it's for 30 days allow both sides to see how it's working and build the trust. there has been a number of different steps, the appointment of a u.s. envoy two weeks ago to the talks, the agreement that you mentioned for mining. which is particularly important. it's a concrete manifest sayings
12:05 am
tore the talks going on south the country for more than two years. >> and to other news. iraq's military is kilometres away from the strong hold of tikrit. it's a sunni home sound of sus same and res gets fear that shia militias may carry out revenge attacks. >> holding the flag of the islamic state of iraq islamic state of levant - they have retaken areas a few kilometres away. a city where a major offensive is under way. >> the popular mobilization of shia militia me iraqi forces federal police were able to achieve great victories. >> this is a town on the outskirts of tikrit. a predominantly sunni area. people are afraid of revenge
12:06 am
attacks by militias. some of that fear is evident. >> this neighbourhood was burnt down in a village near tikrit. the threat to the population is so great, that one of the top shia clerics issued a warning. the leader of the movement has urged the irane government to vet and punish anyone that uses excessive violence, torture and assault against sunni residents, and warned against demolishing the mosques and the destruction of areas. the reality on the ground is different. shia fighters wanted to avenge the depression under sudan. >> it's a promise that we will defeat the enemy, and get our revenge for the martyrs. iraqi armed forces have made gains on other fronts. this convoy is advancing to
12:07 am
fallujah after troops took control of the strategic down. this peshmerga say they stopped this truck before it could carry out a suicide bombing on one of their positions. they say they have captured more territory from i.s.i.l. it will take time before iraqis can benefit. people are afraid to come back to the homes in towns taken by kurdish fighters two months ago. >> i came back to check. i dare not bring my family with me. it's not safe there. we will not be back. >> that is not just threatened by hard line fighters but deep sectarian positions. >> jordan's king abdullah called on muslim fighters to lead the fight against i.s.i.l. jordan has stepped up air strikes after i.s.i.l. killed a
12:08 am
jordanian pilot in january united kingdom is debating laws preventing airlines carrying passengers that may travel to join fighters in iraq and syria. the move coming after three teenage girls travelled to syria to join i.s.i.l. >> reporter: airline staff could have mistaken the schoolgirls for forehand on holiday to al jazeera. we now know the teenagers left their families to join islamic fighters in syria. it's estimated hundreds of britains have done the same. many are teenagers, travelling via al jazeera, eager to stop them. members of parliament asking the families what signs they could look for. >> we wanted to know what she did when she was on the phone, reading books. to when she was playing games, join in and have competitions. in that sense we feel like we had monitored as much as we
12:09 am
could. we missed something out. >> the father of one of the girls had this warning. >> be vigilant not to fall in the same trap we fall. >> reporter: also under scrutiny the airlines that carried these girls and others out of britain. the government is pushing through measures to make them more than accountable. >> it's the authority to carry scope, and could force people travelling. it could fine airlines if they fail to provide details information on passengers crew and service staff, and stop airlines if they fail to comply with security directions. these and other powers will enhance the ability to monitor, control the actions of those posing a threat. the girls were not on a watch
12:10 am
list. these measures would not have stopped them. the fear is more will follow in their footsteps. in a video uploaded it is said to show i.s.i.l. killing an iraqi civilian accusing him of working for mossad. his father said he was trying to leave, he travelled to syria to fight for the armed group yemen's former president accused the current government of destroying the company, saying abd-rabbu mansour hadi should go into exile. we have this report from aden. >> some describe this as the big come back for former president sala. sala these are his supporters marching in large numbers since coming under houthi control
12:11 am
since september. here is what both sides have been denying all along, that they are allies. >> the posters of former president and his son, and the houthis, displayed side by side. protesters called on him to run for president. sala described the president who was forced out of power by the houthis, as a corrupt leader. insisted he should leave. >> the people cannot afford to eat or drink. you have gobbled up the views. brought the livelihood to a stand still. investment to a halt, and tourism too. is this what you call the modern civil state where universities and schools are. >> he was speaking to some of his supporters and his words provoked anger in the city. students at the university
12:12 am
burned his pictures. the reaction to the statement as well. the president received dignitaries and senior politicians who proved that the city is loyal to him, to the former president. >> a senior politician from the camp comment on the statements. >> this man is confused if he thinks he's the president of yemen, he's forgotten there has been a popular resolution that removed him. he thinks because he has a family and stolen fund from the president. >> reporter: these are more of abd-rabbu mansour hadi's supporters. popular support in places like these creates difficulties for the former president and the houthis in their attempt to overrun the country
12:13 am
still ahead the national security agency faces a lawsuit over surveillance activize. forced to work after requirement, find out why old people in hong kong have to take small jobs just to survive.
12:14 am
12:15 am
>> i lived that character. >> go one on one with america's movers and shakers. >> we will be able to see change. >> gripping... inspiring... entertaining. "talk to al jazeera". only on al jazeera america. good to have you with here in doha. >> bombing raids against f.a.r.c. to stop for a month,
12:16 am
after they declared a unilateral ceasefire in december. the iraqi military claims to have surrounded tikrit in an offensive to recapture the strategic city. earlier the army said it had driven i.s.i.l. out of a nearby town. and the u.k.'s debating new laws preventing airlines from carrying passengers that may travel to join fighters. the move coming after three girls travelled to syria to join i.s.i.l. >> syrian military helicopters dropped barrel bombs killing two people. the town is part of the damascus government. they were accrued with explosives. government forces are known to have air dropped them on rebel held areas. >> former secretary of state hillary clinton defended use of an email act while serving at the u.s. secretary of state.
12:17 am
and raised questions of transparency. whilst u.s. secretary of state, hillary clinton was at the u.n. to speak on women's issues. the draw outside the event. they were there to hear her explanation for using personal email accounts for personal business. speaking for the first time secretary clinton sniffed she broke no rules. >> when i got to work as secretary of state i opted for convenience to use my personal email account which was allowed by the state department because i thought it would be easier to carry just one device for my work and my personal emails instead of two the state department says it asked all former secretary of stateries to hand over official emails on separate accounts
12:18 am
after more stringent guidelines came in effect. secretary clinton was not the only one to use a personal email, so did her predecessor former joint chiefs of staff chairman colin powell. >> he used a personal email account. he did not take hardcopies of emails with him when he left office and has no records of the emails with the account he used having been closed for a number of years. >> mrs. clinton, a democrat expected to run for president, handed over 55,000 pages of emails. and a committee investigating the handling of the attack an attack in benghazi received some 300 related emails that is not satisfying republican critics questioning lack of transparency. the secretary of state has enormous responsibility and jurisdiction said the:
12:19 am
they want her to provide access to her private email server. secretary clinton is happy to make official emails but not the server public. >> hillary clinton came to the united nations to talk about empowering women, an issue worked on for years, and one she would highlight in a presidential campaign. the focus is on an email, and whether having a private act could be hailed as criminal. wiki media, which runs wikipedia has joined several groups including american's civil liberties. gerald tan has the details, the latest case is being billed as
12:20 am
potentially the strongest yet. nine organizations saying the n.s.a. has gone beyond its authority. >> the n.s.a.'s indiscriminate is copying and searching through the communications imposing a chilling effect on basic freedom. the freedom of speech the freedom of expression and inquiry and an invasion of a right to privacy. >> the case, specifically addresses what is called upstream surveillance. information that shed on the internet moves through a series of networks. the computer, phone, and had to connect with ab internet service provider or i.s. b. the i.s. b internalizing cables and routers, topped with others around the world. this is known as the back bone and this is where n.s.a. taps into information with upstream surveillance. here is wikipedia founder.
12:21 am
>> the harm is clear. wikimedia depends on speaking their minds, privately. you know the importance of wikipedia to the world is a place where people can come together and have a discussion about issues that matter from history, science, politics technology, whatever it might be. the surveillance of everyone is incredibly damaging to the collision. it's not the first time the programme has been challenged. it has a strong case. it can show how upstream surveillance can harm individuals, something other lawsuits why not been able to do. >> 17 people have been killed in a suicide attacks in north-eastern nigeria. a female sues side bomber dettionated and it came after a
12:22 am
series of bombs killed and wounded dozens of people. >> our coasts former first lady has been sentenced to 20 years in gaol for a role in post-election violence. more than 3,000 died in fighting. he refused to step down after the presidential election in 2010 simone sits in court in abuan. she was once first lady of ivory coast, and in this trial she was described as having undermined state security. prosecutors argued that when her husband lost the presidential election in 2010, she organised armed gangs after she rejected the results. in the violence that followed more than 3,000 were killed. she and her husband were arrested in 2011. french and u.n. peacekeeping troops in abu jarn. he is awaiting trial in the
12:23 am
international criminal court in the hague, accused of crimes against humanity. at court on tuesday, his wife was found guilty. the verdict was welcomed by groups representing the victims. we are satisfied that the trial took place, it's over promotional votes, executions and forced disappearances that are the way to govern. mrs. backbow's team rejected the legitimacy of the court, calling it political. >> the decision and sentences, and given the accesses and proof against her, this is nothing more than political decision to keep her out of the political game. >> ivory coast is due to hold on
12:24 am
election later this year. with simone contemplateing a 20-year-old prison sentence. her involved may be limited. >> at least 13 people have been killed in two bombings in afghanistan. eight people were killed in a suicide attack targetting a checkpoint in helmand province a separate road side bombing killing four and injuring five others. >> the hong kong government is under pressure with a growing ageing population. >> there's little help available to the elderly and the city, forcing many to survive. we have this report. every morning up to five days a week, this person goes to work. 85 years of age, she earns less than $4 an hour. >> it's obviously not quite yourself, but she manages to get
12:25 am
by. >> in hong kong there's no potential for those that retire. there's what is called the old age lying allowance of $280 a month. they say that that is not enough to cover the rent and basic living. >> i still have to earn a living. i need to eat and therefore i need to find work. >> in a city lacking much of a social safety net, going back to work after retired is common. the 80-year-old has worked in a stall for half of his life. he combines his earnings, and his old age living allowance to pay $200 a month rent. >> if i solely depend on the allowance, it's not enough. since i earn some money from my job. together it's enough. >> the plight the elderly in hong kong is at the heart of the
12:26 am
section. they want to highlight the change that elderly people have to survive. >> everything is expensive. >> reporter: around a third of elderly in hong kong live in poverty. the government pledged 6.5 million. the city's leader all but ruled out creating a subpoenaings scheme. scheme. -- pension scheme. that was a recommendation the author believes out a pension the situation facing hong kong is unsustainable. >> when they are working, they save little for the future. they retire and expect children to support them. in hong kong, i'm afraid that children cannot support elderly
12:27 am
parents any more. >> they said they'd welcome government help, but sadly it's a debate that many the elderly don't expect to be resolved in their lift to argentina, and the country is working to improve its legal system by introducing 12 member juries and is using a hollywood classic to help people get used to the idea. >> it's a common site across much of the rest of the world, but not in latin america. 12 men and women celebrating at random from 12,000 citizens from the province of buenos aires. they are hearing a murder trial in a way seen on the big screen. >> what is going on here. i'm trying to tell you you're making a big mistake, you
12:28 am
people. i know all about them. >> the 1957 classic, "12 angry men", starring henry fonda, has been copied and shown in universities on the advantages and pitfalls of trial by jury. the jurors, the people held there in the judicial branch by dividing the decision. they do not belong to the state. they are accidental judges. that is why the public has more trust in the jury than of the judge. some judges criticized the jury system worried it would undermine authority. it is too complicated for ordinary people. >> the law is not complicated. what is complicated is
12:29 am
explaining the law to the people. >> until now all major charges have been heard by judges. the judge will hear the first trial by jury and is in favour of the changes. >> my work as a judge is a lot different to what i'm going to do with a trial by jury no? for me it is a great and exciting experience. >> the new system requires new structures. secure sound proof jury room with a table and chairs built in time for the first trial and a new way of thinking among judges lawyers and the argentine public. most agree that the argentine system needs restructuring. it's embroiled in a scandal over a prosecutor. highlighting many of its divisions and inconsistencies.
12:30 am
the jury system most hope will put it in touch with the people it is supposed to serve. >> and just a reminder that you can always keep up to date with all the news on the website at hour. on "america tonight" ... >> in maddison, the job of investigating the shooting of tony robinson will not be handled by the police. that is thanks to this man. he turns his grief into action. >> reporter: can you tell me about your son? >> he ha flaws, he had promise. that picture is the last picture i took of him despite the f.d.a.'s serious warning, the government accountability office found one in three nursing home residents cottics. >> dad,