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tv   News  Al Jazeera  March 21, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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>> yemen's power struggle expands as the houthis deploy troops deeper into rival territory. hello. this is al jazeera live from doha. also an the programme - more violence ahead of nigeria's election. 70 bodies found dumped in the north-east of the country. foreign ministers from china and others talk for the first time in three years. and the lengths some parents in
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india go to to help their children get better exam grades. we begin in yemen, where pro-houthi forces are on the move following attacks in sanaa. some entered tiaz a site of anti-houthi protests in the center of a country and they are now reading south. the prime minister said the sanaa blast is an attempt to drag it into sectarian wore. >> reporter: worshippers scrambled to save the injured. their clothes stained with blood, rescuers moving between bodies piled high on the floor. this was the second suicide bombing in the space of a few minutes. the first attacker detonated
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outside. having been stopped by security. the second causing maximum damage. that was caught by those filming the fall out. >> translation: we were in the mosque during the sermon. we heard on explosion outside, near the security perimeter. it became apparent when the first explosion happened, they used this in the middle of prayer to blow us up. >> it was one of four bombs that exploded. assertions that islamic state of iraq and levant was involved was dismissed. >> i don't buy the i.s.i.l. propaganda propaganda. i think it's highly unlikely. yennen doesn't have the grounds for i.s.i.l. not yet.
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i think the attacks are politically motivated. whoever orchestrated them wants people to believe it's i.s.i.l. to achieve political goals. >> in aden president hardy, backed by the u.n. is using loyal tribes to rebuild the power base. in the capital, shia houthi fighters allied with the former president are in control. then there's al qaeda in the arabian peninsula, which is active in the country for a decade. all sides trying to fill the emerging power vacuum blaming each other for the violence. >> they are trying to gain from violence all across the country. he thinks he can hold the world at ransom pushing the country to a slide towards anarchy and disaster. >> a quick resolution seems like a far cry.
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the death toll from the attack tips to grow meanwhile, sources told al jazeera that an al qaeda-linked group stormed the administration compound in yemen. 21 soldiers have been killed. it is between tiaz and aiden in the south. the u.s. has pulled out forces from the air space. >> a political analyst and editor-in-chief of the yemen "post", and explained why the forces are stationed in tiaz. and how it is important. >> the easiest way to aiden is through tiaz. there's two ways for the houthis to go through aden. number one is to go through one area that they can't do because they are al qaeda strong holds. they'll have a lot of hard time going through from the two provinces. the easiest way is through tiaz
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which has no confrontation, few obstacles. it's 10-20km to aiden. but there's a big difference going through there. there are hundreds if not thousands of militants. in tiaz there are those that oppose the houthis, but are not militants. they are not al qaeda. they will protest and will not fight the houthis. it's an easy way to reach there. from our information as of now. hundreds reached tiaz secretly. but their goal was not tiaz it is aiden libyan peace talks in morocco are close to collapse after both parties threatened to stop. the political crisis in libya created a security vacuum
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exploited by i.s.i.l. the u.s. envoy coordinating the talks says the pressure is on to find a solution. >> this should be a decisive moment because we are, as i said before in previous meetings running out of time. you know that in the last days we have seen more fighting air strikes and actions by d.a.e.s.h., not only in libya, but the region. 70 bodies were dumped outside the town in in north-eastern nigeria. troops say that many had their throats slit. the town was recaptured from boko haram by soldiers from chad and niger. no one claimed responsibility for the killing. security is a major concern for
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many ahead of the election. it's expected the issue will determine the way people vote when they go to the polls next saturday. this report from maiduguri, a city that suffered many boko haram attacks. >> reporter: until recently this was boko haram country. the fighters may have left the streets of maiduguri, but the threat they posed hasn't. which is why it's so extra ordinarily. people are turning out for last minute election campaigns. defying the roisk of suicide bombs to better understand who to vote for. >> reporter: after six years of violence which left tens of thousands dead there is a thirst for change. this man had a thriving business 100km north of maiduguri. then boko haram took over and
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he lost everything. >> translation: a few of my sons were killed. i lost everything in my houses stores and cars. people in charge of security - if they cared, we wouldn't have reached the state. >> reporter: pt government points to victories by multinational forces against boko haram. the mood is skeptical. >> translation: why has it tape them too long to realise the enormousity of the problem. 2,000 were killed. why now, before the elections. >> and this anger is shared by many. >> a suicide bomber attacked this market. many were killed or injured. for most security is the piraty. if anyone is going to win here they pust protect lives and
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property. >> in the last few weeks, troops from nigeria dislodged the group from many areas. fundamental questions remain. >> it is one expect. the territory is secure. what the military is interested in doing is winning the battles in many place, but have not won the war. the government may have scored a point by retaining territories. what is not certain is whether the victories are enough to win back support here come election day an independent inquiry says that guards in an immigration center may have traded marijuana for sex with asylum seekers. the facility on the nauru
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island - an 86 page reported saying many detainees were anxious about safety. the inquiry was launched after allegations of sexual and physical assaults surfaced. the white house was ordered to release 2,000 photographs of prisoners being abused. it judge said obama administration failed to prove that the release of the photos would put americans in danger. they highlighted the case to shed lights on what has been treated australia marked the end of military operations in afghanistan with welcome home parades. those that served were honoured. for the battle launched by the u.s. in the light of the 9/11 attacks. more than 300 members of the police force, defense and public service were deployed to
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afghanistan. 21 defense force personnel were killed. 261 were injured foreign ministers from south korea, china and shapan were meeting. aiming to control issues dated back to the world war ii. at the center of the dispute. the japanese claimed islands in the east china sea, which china claims. it's hoped that the meeting would lead to a leadership. we have the latest from sole where the meeting is taking place. >> a number of different issues continue to plague the relationship between the three countries. none more so than the legacy of the second world war. still casting a chateau. in that see awe and china had a chaired grievance.
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both during world war ii and at the hands of japanese forces. crimes for which japan has not atoned in the eyes of south korea and china. they see in japanese prime minister shinzo abe, a resurgence in january niece nationalism -- japanese nationalism. we have a d dispute in china and japan in disputed territories or islands. having the effect of keeping relations for the past few years. at least there has been enough of a thaw for a meeting of foreign ministers, and the real prize will be whether they have done enough works to bring about a summit meeting of three leaders of china, japan or south korea. if it takes place, it would be a game changer in terms of the diplomatic landscape of north-east asia.
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>> still to come on al jazeera - putting on a brave face. tunisians celebrate independence day in a city reeling from wednesday's attack. plus, they have plenty of it. it's not reaching the people who need it. find out where the water is flowing to in landlocked lesuthu. an individual child. >> helping the innocent victims of war. >> what can unicef do? >> there's a very short answer... our best. >> every sunday night. >> i lived that character. >> go one on one with america's movers and shakers. >> we will be able to see change. >> gripping. inspiring. entertaining. talk to al jazeera. sunday, 6:30 eastern.
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>> next on al jazeera america. technology, it's a vital part of who we are. >> they had some dynamic fire behavior. >> and what we do. >> don't try this at home. >> techknow. where technology meets humanity. coming up next. only on al jazeera america. hello again, the top stories on al jazeera. pro-houthi forces in yemen are on the move following attacks on
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sanaa. hundred of troops have been seen moving south. at the center of the country. 137 people were killed in friday's suicide attacks. at least 70 bodies have been dumped outside a town in eastern nigeria. many had their throats slit. some were beheaded. talks between rival libyan factions may be close to collapse. the political crisis in libya created a security vacuum exploited bit the islamic state of iraq and levant. deadlocked talks on iran's nuclear programme have been suspended until wednesday next week. the negotiating team returned to death to mourn the death of president hassan rouhani's 90-year-old mother. they are aiming to march to a
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deadline framework agreement. >> world countries and big powers realised that threats and sanctions are ineffective and showing agreement towards the nation. we stabilized the nuclear rites, broke apart sanctions and it will be successful in achieving lofty goals. >> the u.s. secretary of state john kerry is due to meet to try to mend a rift that opened largely over the lifting of sanctions on iran. france is adopting the toughest stance as diplomatic editor james bays reports. after 6 days of nonstop negotiations with iranians. secretary of state john kerry was still being positive. >> how is it going? >> we are making some progress. >> secretary kerry is heading into a restaurant where he was headed by energy secretary and
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nuclear physicist heading the technical negotiations for the u.s. after lunch news that the talks were being adjourned for now. >> we are recessing the talks. >> when will you rejoin? >> next week. we made a lot of progress. >> reporter: earlier on the iranian foreign minister on what has become a daily walk. he said it would be the start of the important holiday. there were plans for other foreign ministers to join the talks. so why the sudden postponement. there are gaps between the two sides, and secretary kerrry had lea way on sunday to go to washington d.c. for a meeting with the afghan president. the mother of iran's president
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died. his brother is a main negotiator. the break will give the international negotiators, p5+1 time to make sure their position is unified before they return. it emerged in recent days that france is taking a more hawkish line than the others. france vowed to help tunisia defeat terrorism. thousands gathered in the heart of the capital to condemn the attack that killed 21 people as jacky rowland reports from tunis. >> reporter: it's independence day in tunisia. this means celebrations. it's been overshadowed by a shooting attack. >> translation: the first change is the fight against terrorism.
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we are in a war against terrorist. we will not win if we don't stands together. >> there's a visible presence on the streets. not just police but army. here they are guarding the french embassy. the second largest party says the security measures need to go further. >> the countries fought terrorism in europe and did so using special force, judges and prosecutors and courts. that is how we should fight terrorism. tunisia realise on foreign ministers. a tap against a tourist attraction strikes a body blow. the majority of tourists want to go on holiday to a place that is safe and stable. here in tunisia, the tourism industry has started to recover after the revolution of four years ago.
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violent events of wednesday set back the process by several years. >> the owner of this shop has been running it for more than 30 years, and he is upset by the attack itself to consider the effect on business. >> believe me i was deeply moved. i imagined myself in their place. if i visited their country. i was moved because they are innocent. they came to visit our country, us. >> another procession this time by people coming in. they say what happened at the museum had nothing to do with their country or religion. it's now for foreign visitors to decide whether they'll come almost a quarter of people in lesotho do not have access to clean water.
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most countries come from selling water to larger neighbours south africa. erica wood reports. >> reporter: this is a regular routine - six times a day she takes her buckets to collect water - not from a well or top, but a pipe that is bubbling out. >> translation: the water from this well is not always clean. during heavy rain and storm it collects rubbish and dirt and is contaminated. >> reporter: she says up to 500 people from surrounding villages relies on this source. >> it makes me angry that i have to come here to get water. i live far. some of the villages have mother with newborns. others are pregnant. this is a problem for all of us. >> lesotho is not short of water.
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it's referred to here as white gold. that's because selling water to its neighbour is the single biggest export earner. it means while shows living in south africa's biggest city gets clean running water, hundreds of thousands in lesotho is missing out. the government says it benefits both countries. it aims to boost water and is due to start soon and these people nearby have been promised a better water supply. >> the dam is not due to be completed yet. >> the best is yet to be done. the country is poor and was poorer before. >> after the project, we see some benefits going out of the projected.
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it arrives. improving living standards is crucial. the u.n. has identified lesotho as one of the poorest, hundreds dying from poor sanitation and diseases. >> now they build the dam, we hope they give us running water, because that is life. >> reporter: recently they have elected is now government. these people hope it gives them as much access to clean water as it does its neighbour hundreds of schoolkids in india have been expelled for cheating during a major exam. their parents, it seems, are largely to blame. >> reporter: cheating in india on a different level. these climb up four floors of an exam building. folding answer sheets into paper
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planes and throwing them to their children. parents shown passing notes. police accept bribes to look the other way. the state education minister denied responsibility saying it's impossible to prevent cheating without the cooperation of parents. >> there are more than a million and a half taking exams. there's more than 11,000 centers in the state. it's the responsibility. >> there's a great deal of pressure on the 15 and 16-year-old students. passing the 10th grade is compulsory. with more students seeking to attend college. competition is fierce. graduating could transform the lives of millions growing up in
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poverty. 600 have been caught cheating bans from taking bans for three years, forced to take a fine or gaoled. we have a journalist and director of analyst, and says cheating for exams is nothing new. >> this is because it's been captured on camera and has gone viral. these are usual images when exams are on. they have been photographed before, instilled with people ending answers in phoning in the answers. all kinds of thinks. cheating is institutionalized. we have schools run, signs, classes taken. you don't have an education system. this is the struggle between
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education and government. that you have to give more allocations, tension. who is running without desks, chairs and the basic facilities. then the schools want the kids to get out fast. so they are promoting them. when it comes to the board examine nation where outsiders examine your papers they actually encourage the students to cheat. and some pass the examination afghanistan's marble industry is said to be worth 600 million. and the finest coming from herat. every factory in the area closed. leaving 3,000 people out of work. nicole johnson travelled to harr at to find out why? >> a 14- tonne block of marble. huned out of afghanistan's
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mountains, sliced to smooth labs. is this is herats advance marble factory. costing around 11 million to build. it cuts and polishes. however, 75% of its business is selling these raw blocks to neighbouring countries. a month ago the president ashraf ghani announced that all marble had to be processed in the country before it could be exported. >> countries like china and india won't accept processed stop. now we have lost a business relationship with india, australia, europe and asia. >> it may be hard now, in the long run it's better to develop the local industry. >> if they can't process it properly, they can export it. they should bring equipment to process it. >> that is what is happening. more than 40 factories shut
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down. they can't afford to buy new equipment. staff have been laid off. it's silent. except for the falling snow. >> it's not easy when you start a business. the lowest investment is around half a million. the government should help us with free loans. this is not the only threat that the industry is facing. giant blocks came from a quarry more than 180km from here. it's a long and dangerous drive. the taliban is active in the area, there's ambushes and criminals on the road. >> dealing with the taliban usually means paying them money to let the mines operate and the trucks through safely. afghanistan says it's white marble. rivalling the finest stone. the industry has huge potential. right now it looks like it's
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breaking apart finally, thousands of people are gathering on the french island to watch what is called a high tide of the century. friday's solar eclipse and the effect of a super moon is what caused the tide to swell to exceptional heights. this is techknow. this is a show about science by scientists. tonight, techknow journeys into the jungle. this is one of the iconic animals of costa rica.