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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  May 31, 2015 12:00pm-12:31pm EDT

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>> isil fighters launch a string of attacks in iraq, killing at least 20 soldiers. >> this is aljazeera america live from london. also coming up, the sustainable farming scheme helping to provide food for millions of starving syrians. secretary of state john kerry falling off his bike and breaking his leg.
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>> hello fighters from islamic state of iraq and the levant have launched a string of attacks on the iraqi mill stare targets in anbar. isil fighters designated eight car bombs killing at least 20 soldiers. in a separate assault another 13 soldiers died in a rocket attack on the air base east of ramadi. the city has seen some of the heaviest fighting in recent weeks. >> with all of these attacks what we're seeing is isil once again using car bombs to devastating effect. the iraqi security forces have a problem, iraqi military analysts say that the forces don't have the kind of reconnaissance and intelligence to be able to stop these suicide car bombs in advance. also, some of the weaponry they are using is ineffective against reinforced car bombs and this is something isil are now becoming very, very good at. they are splitting iraqi forces in half and are able to attack
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military bases, as well as civilian targets and military targets. also we're seeing the shelling of air bases where the security forces are based and reinforcing troops. that's not to say that they haven't had suctions, they've taken over towns and villages within anbar, using them as a staging post after clearing them of isil fighters for this push into ramadi. they are attacking the outskirts of ramadi from the north. we have seen an escalation of the violence in the last 24 hours. >> a video of shia militias are shown to be carrying out violence. the video appears to show a man hanging over an open fire.
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they say he's an isil fighter. it's unclear whether the fighter was alive at the time. >> we are joined live now from doha. the content is violence from isil fighters, now recent incidents in the last months of this kind of brutality. why do you think there is such an escalation of brutality in iraq? >> this is the nature of civil war. in fact, if we look at the study of civil wars, the two or three must not civil wars since second world war, we will see that either they end rather quickly or they escalate in the most inhumane ways. basically the moral fabric of society breaks down. the various factions, or the fighting factions within the country turn against each other in a way where all means justify
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the ends. or all ends justify the means, i should say in a way that whether it is for ally or omar, sunniism or shiaism they give themselves the right. we see the kind of escalation that unfortunately is basically deepening the sectarian divide, deepening the violence, and going to basically an unknown territory for iraqi's. >> interesting that it is not just the fighters targeting each other. the special representative on sexual violence in conflict told some of the refugee camp people managed to get out of syria and iraq and said isil are institution liesing sexual violence. the spill over is not just knows
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fighting each other it seems. >> that's right. they have lived together peacefully for years. you have the dehumanization, demonization that allows anyone to do anything to anyone who belongs to the other. in a way that kind of escalation we've seen it around the world over the last century. we know the result. the result is that it simply gets worse. it becomes impossible for the parties themselves to arrive at a solution. everyone knows that there needs to be a solution for the security but we also know that the foreign parties that makes this a proxy war are going to need to stop arming the groups, they're going to start pushing
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them towards reconciliation and they're going to have to start guaranteeing that each community is going to demand for itself. after the demonization and violence we have seen, it's going to be impossible for these committees to even trust one another going forward. it is a complex situation. unfortunately, it is getting worse unless other parties step in and try to help iraqis and syrians resolve problems there. >> ok, thank you very much indeed. >> isil sources say key groups have taken over in aleppo. the road that leads to the opposition strongholds, 16 people are also reported to have been killed in government shelling in idlib. >> syrian activists say more than 25 civilians mostly women and children have been killed at an explosion in a hospital.
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barrels of fuel caught fire in the hospital. the cause of the fire is not yet known. it happened while families were waiting to have their families vaccinated. >> syria's four year war has killed more than 220,000 people. the united nations say 10 million people are going hungry. lack of security, funding and access means it's really hard to help. a. >> scheme aim to say help syrians help themselves. >> this urban farm was set up eight months ago. thirty families get a regular supply of eggs. others have the option of buying into a cooperative that make a living off the farm. >> the aim of this project is to achieve food security for aleppo, a means of protection if a blockade is imposed on the city's liberated areas.
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>> it's funded by the foundation, a u.s. based charity. they provide what they call smart aid, finding the most impactful way to help syrians based on their request. >> of course it creates food security for syrians. it creates the kind of food security and general life security for the people that we serve. that's why we are so passionate about giving this kind of smart aid. >> people without food in war zones are vulnerable not just to malnutrition, but exploitation. in this video, nusra front hand out food to people, part of a campaign to win them over. the world food program is 4.25 million people in syria each month. because of the war, many areas of inaccessible to the world food program. it can't get into the eastern parts of the country, including
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douma and yarmouk and able only to reach others near aleppo. >> some people resort to eating whatever's available, like in yarmouk refugee camp, one of the many places blocked from food supplies and aid. >> in syria, what we're seeing is two types of tactics using food as a weapon of war. the first is that parties are confiscating the food production and food distribution services so that includes farms and markets. the second is that they are impeding access to humanitarian aid. >> the farmers in aleppo with the help of international donors have created something more sustainable. there are more than 4,000 people who need more food in this neighborhood alone. at least with this project, a growing number of people know where their next few meals are coming from. >> al jazeera.
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>> in yemen more heavy facing between houthis and pro government forces in taiz. a houthi leader was killed there and four civilians. on the border with saudi arabia, a sawed border guard has been killed and others wounded by shelling by houthi rebels. >> saudi arabia's foreign minister accused iran of being the only country interfering in the anniversary of the middle east. he was speaking at a joint news conference with the egyptian foreign minister. >> we reject the negative behavior of iran. we also reject iran's support of terrorism. we look forward to a day where we can have normal relations with iran. this dependency on how iran will behave and the dependency on how iran will stop supporting terrorism and stop interfering in other country's internal affairs. >> in nepal school children have begun to return to classes in some parts of the country.
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it's been a month since an earthquake killed 8,000 people. they are working hard to make lessons as normal as possible. >> a month after the earthquake, it's back to school for children in nepal. >> we begin this news our in >> it's a big morning for the children. i want to play board games with my friends.
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i want to find out what happened to their houses. >> their mothers remind them not to panic if there is another earthquake. >> i know they'll be safe at school, but i'm worried. my mind is not at ease today. >> the family's house was one of many to crumble here on the outskirts of kathmandu. schools reassure students that their building has been declared safe, but the teachers were taking no chance. earthquake drills practiced, even this a welcome chance for a laugh with friends. across nepal, schools were marking an important day. here, the principal welcomed his students, far more than he was expecting. he offered reassurance they were safe out here in the open. if the ground shook, it would be just like dancing. >> their minds are full of fear, but while they're at school, they become engaged in activities and our hope is to help them overcome fear and trauma. >> classes are built of bamboo huts, put together in the shadow of the original school building. it is just over here, damage from the quake. the cracks are visible, but they're worst inside. that red sticker means it's condemned. the principle wants the government to act as quickly as possible to bring it down to prevent further threat to the children that will now be coming to this temporary school. >> 8,500 schools across the
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country have been damaged beyond repair. many aren't in a position to put on lessons and games but all are asked to do something today to show that the earthquake only interrupted and didn't destroy the education that their children deserve. harry fossett, al jazeera, nepal. >> russia hits back with travel bans on 89 european leaders a year after the eu imposed its own sanctions. >> a meeting of cultures, more on the unique link up between australia and the u.k.
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>> next on al jazeera america. technology, it's a vital part of who we are. >> they had some dynamic fire behavior. >> and what we do. >> don't try this at home. >> techknow. where technology meets humanity. coming up next.
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only on al jazeera america. >> a reminder of the top stories. isil fighters designated eight car bombs near the army headquarters in fallujah, killing 20 soldiers. a separate attack on the air base east of ramadi killed at least 13 soldiers. >> isil sources say the armed group has taken control of key villages in aleppo, leading to two opposition strongholds. >> school children have begun to return to classes in some parts of nepal. it's been a month since an earthquake killed more than 8,000 people there. >> the past week has seen the largest number of migrants crossing the mediterranean so far. the most recent arrivals were brought into the sicilian port sunday morning by the italian
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safey. onboard were 554 migrants. following migration routes, she is now in at this timely where she met one arrival who's three year journey has reached its final leg. >> it's a moment she's been longing for the chance for a new life away from the turmoil she was born into. her journey started across the sea, 4,000 kilometers away in eritrea. it took her three years to reach the shores of europe. it's a world away from where we first met back in libya. it was a few weeks ago. it was a few weeks ago. she is the girl at the back in white and orange, tense and silent. there were no smiles at the time. >> the prison was awful. we knew nothing. where we were for how long, i was thinking all the time what will i do, where will i go, how. i thought it was the end.
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the day you came to visit, we were happy. we were hoping you could get us out but next day they took us to tripoli. they put us in a building. we were not allowed out until we paid. when we got the money, we paid the sea smuggler $2,000 and he paid the guys at the prison and we left. first, we walked in the sea. the water was up to my chest. then we got on a small boat, and then we reached the big boat. >> on her third day in italy, by coincidence or perhaps fate, we meet again by the sidewalk in front of a reception center for newly arrived migrants. with her, some of the other girls who were also held in misrata, now travel companions they met in the journey through the sahara desert, they gave
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each other courage then and now are making their baby steps together. she is seven months pregnant. her final destination is holland. she says that some are still held in tripoli. they don't have money to pay for the bribe to be freed or for the smugglers to make the sea crossing. soon, she will be on the move again. she wants to reach her cousin, who's already in denmark. >> i found europe just like i dreamed it. my country is nice. if there was no war, i would have stayed there, but there is no work. i still don't know how i will travel, there are other people. i might travel with them. then i will study, first learn the language, and then work. any job, whatever will give me some money. i have nothing now, but i am happy. i am out of libya. here i can walk around, even sleep in the street. no one attacks you. here, there is peace and safety.
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>> at the moment, her most prized possession is this piece of paper filled with phone numbers. along with lots of hope that her dream of a new life could finally come true. al jazeera, rome. >> the u.s. secretary of state has broken his leg after falling off his bike in the french alps. he was to go to paris to meet the iraqi prime minister. he is being treated in geneva and is said to be resting comfortably. >> how long will he be out of action? >> well, it's not really clear. the secretary is going to spend the rest of the day in geneva and then be flown late on sunday evening to boston, where his surgeon, who breakfastly replaced his right hip is located. he's going to be examined, and then they'll have to determine basically how to reset his right femur, or his right thigh bone. that's apparently what he broke
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when he hit a curb near one of the parts of the tour de france routes in central eastern france. what does this mean for his work schedule? he is conscious, he is alert. he is said to be in good spirits, and an tuesday when other foreign ministers were supposed to meet with him in paris to talk about the fight against isil, the secretary of state will be joining them via teleconference, rather than being there in person. now, what does this mean for the on going talks to try to curb iran's nuclear weapons ambitions? the secretary of state had planned to be able to travel through june 30. of course, now his travel plans are going to be based on whatever his during says is advisable for him at any given moment. >> thanks very much for that jump date there. >> east african leaders urge
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burundi's president to delay elections scheduled for friday after more than a month of violent unrest. at least 30 people have been killed in demonstrations since he announced he was standing for a third term, something his opponents say vitals the constitution. the president is not attending a summit of east african nations in tanzania where the unrest is top of the agenda. >> china reacted angrily to u.s. criticism of construction on reclaimed land in the south cline in a sea. six countries have overlapping claims in the area. it has dominated a meeting on regional security in singapore that came to a close on sunday evening. we explain the situation in more detail. >> the south china sea rich in marine resources and minerals, a third of the world's shipping passes througher here. the shoreline is shared by eight countries, each with claims to the sea many of which overlap. china's claims are the most
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extensive, including the vast majority of the sea but it's these two small sets of islands that are the main focus of territorial spats and china's ambitious land reclamation program. it includes a runway, harbors and sea walls. so the south in the spays china's land reclamation has been most extensive a base being built china says it is for search and rescue, but will be able to accommodate long-range fighter planes. >> i want to reaffirm these constructions well within the scope of china's sovereignty and justified, legitimate, reasonable. they do not aim to pose a threat to another country or affect the freedom of navigation. >> chinese aircraft recently challenged a u.s. surveillance plane flying over the
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spratley's. there are fears the chinese government plans to set up a zone meaning all aircraft military or civilian would have to ask permission to enter the area. >> a social media campaign calls for a boycott of american airlines after a woman accused them of refusing to serve her an unopened soft drink. she was recognized as a leading muslim female in the united states. >> european leaders he reacted angrily to russia imposing travel bans. russia said its responding to e.u. sanctions imposed last year over its role in ukraine. we have more. >> the e.u. is calling it arbitrary and unjustified. the 89 are from over a dozen
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countries, some high profile otherwise less so. a big name in brussels and soon to be foreign policy advisor to angela merkel, the german foreign minister expressed his displeasure in ukraine on saturday. >> at a time when we're trying to diffuse a persistent and dangerous conflict in the middle of europe, this does not contribute towards that. >> a former belgian prime minister, now leader of a liberal block in the european parliament and from sweden, head of its national tax authority. >> what we understand is that it's some kind of response to the e.u.'s on list. that gives a reason for the names on the list. >> it is a cold war style retaliation and stems from the e.u.'s decision to impose its own sanctions and travel bans on
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russians it holds responsible for destabilizing eastern ukraine. some noticed the russian list concentrates on e.u. states vocal in their criticism of moscow and as much could be an attempt by the russians to exploit internal differences. >> by looking at this list, you may drawing a map see the map of russia is that's friends and russia's opponents. it's very selective actually. russia is conducting large scale exercise on ukraine's border again. the minsk agreement meant to separate forces and start peace talks is still not implemented and both ukrainian and western officials fear russia and its ukrainian allies are gearing up for another round of fighting. russia admits there is another
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list for banned u.s. officials but that has yet to be published. al jazeera london. >> two cultures with seemingly little in common are being brought together by a british academic the aboriginal people are australia are sharing their thoughts with visitors from the other side of the world with a unique cross cultural link up. >> one community lost its land, independence and identity when colonialists arrived. another lost identity and independence when 30 years abgovernment action took away that community's industry and purpose. there's a comparison between the two. is it too much of a stretch? >> i think it's crazy actually. a british academic brought them
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together how do their experiences compare. >> if we are to understand aboriginal experience in australia we have to understand the historical context in the u.k. which may give aboriginal australian people that they have potential allies in the world who happen to be white. >> some of those in the north of england he said suffered repression and discrimination on the base of their identity just as the aboriginals have in australia. karl is unemployed after what he describes as dead end jobs. >> the worst part is not wanting to be unemployed, wanting to earn your income instead of begging for it every fort night. >> what he learns and what they learn from him will field into the academic reports.
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>> i know it is a completely different situation but there is still impoverishment in northern england and how do those people cope with it? >> the british participants have taken part in demonstrations calling for indigenous rights and have been taken to sites of cultural significance. in june, the aboriginal australians will travel to england for the other end of the exchange. >> the hope here is that if parallels can be found with it comes to the issues facing communities which on the face of it have little in common, parallels can be found when it comes to solutions. one community's experience can inspire the others. >> the costs of this exchange are met by universities and public grants, but it's not a free holiday says johnson. the exchange works out cheaper than most academic conferences and this is real life research, exploring cross cultural parallels with those on the sharp end of change.
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al jazeera on australia's gold coast. >> you can always catch up with all the news by checking out our website aljazeera.com. you can also watch us by clicking on the watch now icon. aljazeera.com. >> this is "techknow". a show about innovations that can change lives. >> the science of fighting a wildfire. >> we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity, but we're doing it in a unique way. this is a show about science... >> oh! >> oh my god! >> by scientists. >> tonight, saving the macaw. >> i'm in the peruvian amazon and we're on the search for endangered macaws.

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