Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  June 26, 2015 3:00am-3:31am EDT

3:00 am
e.u. leaders agree to relocate thousands of migrants that have arrived in italy and greets. italy says it doesn't solve the problem. ♪ ♪ this is the world news from al jazerra. also coming up. ramping up the pressure, euro zone leaders say greece has until the weekend to agree a debt deal or face leaving the euro. senior police in south africa are set to face a criminal investigation after an inquiry in the mine killings. and fleeing the volcano.
3:01 am
we are in indonesian as as the volcano erupts again. thousands of have have been evacuated. european leaders have agreed to relocate some of the record-numbers of migrants who have arrived on european shores in recent months. thousands of people have womb .com to italy and greece will be sent to other countries. but a system of quotas for each e.u. country was rejected. the voluntary scheme is aimed at speeding up the relocation of migrants that arrive in italy and greece, these are offense the first destinations for people crossing the mediterranean. on thursday hundreds more were rescued off the waters of italy. the european leaders have agreed to the following plan being carried out over the next two year old, 40,000 migrants will be relocate to other european states. the people having left desperate
3:02 am
humanitarian situations in their countries of syria and eritrea. 20,000 living outside camps in europe will be resettled within its borders. but these numbers pale in comparison to the 150 million migrants have that have already landed this year. that's an increase of 149% when compared to the same pest last year. the president of the european commission jean claude spoke just after an agreement had been reached. >> translator: the fact we took hours to agree about the system to be set up obviously shows that europe is not living up to the values it promotes in each and every occasion when it speaks a proud. >> italy's prime minister was scathing about the proposals, he was quoted by sources from inside the meeting as saying if that is your idea of europe, you can keep it. either give us solidarity or don't waste our time. however, after the meeting, he
3:03 am
was more diplomatic. >> translator: we reached an agreement which is based on the initial proposal. it could be much more ambitious it mentioned 40,000 persons but it's the first step to say that finally there is a european policy rather than the policy of one single state. >> lawrence lee is live for us in brussels. apparently these were very heated discussions that went on in brussels, laurence. still no agreement on a mandatory quota system. >> reporter: no. and you heard from the italian prime minister had to say. very very angry because obviously these border countries, italy greece, for example, feel like they are shouldering an unfair burden when actually a lot of the people coming through the countries really want to go somewhere else. but the plain fact is that there are as many countries in europe now who don't want to take anybody as there are who are prepared to take some. and, you know, if you speak to human rights groups and people
3:04 am
they complain bitterly that inside europe now the difference between economic migration and the sigh asylum seeking is completely being loved and mentally and psychologically european countries are not making a distinct. between people that want to come because their lives are at risk where they have come from. in the end in broad terms it's all about whether you think that country have his any moral obligation to try to help people out. you might, for example argue that a country like the u.k., which was heavily involved in the iraq war with all the con tip gent things that happened there or which bombed libya which is now heavily destabilized might think it has some sort of duty to help the people all displaced and whose lives are at risk. they don't think that at all. they tend now to see people, if anything, as something of a threat. and they are much more interested in shifting the terms of the debate around keeping people out. so, for example bulgaria is building a great big fence on
3:05 am
the border with turkey. hungary is building a great big fence on the border wither is into, a talking in much more terms about policing the med mediterranean, wanting to set up a center in niner to try to offshore these sorts of asylum claims. there is no sense at the moment in europe that they have any moral duty to try to help people. >> you mentioned the u.k., hungary, very reluctant to take on more numbers of migrants. and the numbers they are talking about, of resetting, 40,000 from italy and greece, 20,000 from syria and iraq, these figures are just drops in the ocean. >> reporter: drops in the ocean. 500 people came overnight to a boat to catania. 40,000 people is the equivalent of five boats. there is nothing. the sort of psychology.
3:06 am
there is a complicated bit of law called the dublin regulation that says a ref yi is supposed to try to claim asylum on the first country that they arrive to. hungary and bulgaria says that's unfair on us, because these people don't want to stay in our countries, they want to go to germany or britain but then they are supposed to get sent back to hungary, they say that's unfair on them. per poor and can't cope with all the people. but a lot of richer countries like britain and france and these sorts of places. they see these people as a threat and there is a springalling in anti-muslim. there was a demonstration where people were holding up banners saying hang the refugees. that's very extreme. but it goes some way towards dwell straighting the mentality of how european countries see these people from all these
3:07 am
playerses. >> thank you for that laurence lee. live for us in brussels there. talks in europe also focused on greece's debt crisis yet again they failed to reach ideal. e.i. leaders said a solution must be reached this weekend or greece could face an exit from the euro. if greek prime minister alexis tsipras can't make an agreement they won't be able to make the 1.5 billion euro payment to its creditors. >> translator: we agreed that there is a need for further work with the three institutions. the meeting on saturday with the euro group and greece is of decisive importance. bearing in mind time is very short and that everyone in the european council agrees that a solution must be found on saturday. >> so i think that european history is full of disagreements, negotiations, and then comprises. so after the comprehensive growing proposals, i am confident that we will reach a
3:08 am
compromise that will help euro zone and greece overcome the crisis. >> let's speak so joe head of training at etx capital a q based brokerage firm, good to have you with us, joe. alexis tsipras there sounding very upbeat about the possibility after finding a deal. let's start with the worst case scenario, what if a deal isn't reached? >> i think if a deal is not reached we'll get a technical default. i don't think we'll get greece leaving the euro over the weekend, i don't think -- i guess there is a possibility that suddenly we come in on monday and dropping ma is no in excess tins, i think we'll see the possibility of a technical default. they missed their payment of 1.5 billion back to the i.m.f. and the i.m.f. declare a default and some bond issues there, i don't think we'll see a cataclasmic effect next week, just more of the same. more delay more talking.
3:09 am
>> it's interesting the market seem to go sharing your view. there is at least a prospect of a greek default on the horizon. >> the markets are sort of -- we have. [ inaudible ] just to put it in perspective. we are talking about one and a half billion and it's dominating the trading floors greece is a relatively small country. so i think the fallout could be relatively small, it is dominating trading here. and is leading the agenda. so although the markets are xterra theboyxterra. i think people are concerned. more so it will set a precedent if they do leave the euro for other country most notably spain and italy.
3:10 am
and how we deal with their debt repayment overtime. so that's the real concern. >> is greece particularly critical of the fact that international creditors keep rejecting their own proposals for make savings, what is the problem with that are they just not making enough spending cuts to suit the i.m.f., et cetera? >> i think the greeks really -- tsipras is in a really difficult situation. he was voted in to bow down to astare at this, but also the greek population really wants to stay in the euro, so he's trying to be tough but he's really in a difficult position. and the negotiation has really been a joke between both sets of parties and this should have been dealt with sometime ago. and really it's coming down to the wire. and that's because no one wants to blink. but i think ultimately, if you step back this will be a lesson in how not to negotiate an international bailout and how there there could have been a much her sensible and timely approach to this. so i think this will probably get a deal on saturday of some
3:11 am
kind. and it may require the intervention of the euro zone leaders, although merkel says it should come down to the finance ministers. but i don't think it will be a long-term deal. we'll be talking about this probably in two weeks time again. >> okay, well, we'll look forward to that. joe, thank you very much indeed for that. joe rundle e.t.x. capital in lop don. ray south african commission has recommended a criminal investigation be open ed in to police over the deaths of 34 striking miners three years ago. officers have always claimed they were acting in self-defense when they opened fire on the miners. but victims' families say video evidence proves it was a case of police heavy handedness. now here is more. >> reporter: a horrendous tragedy that has no place in a democracy. those are the words of south african president jacob zuma when describing the deaths of 34 striking miners on three years ago. it's taken that long to
3:12 am
determine who is responsible for their deaths. a commission of inquiry set up by zuma, has now laid the blame at the feet of the country's police. who opened fire on the workers. there was complete lack of command and control by police. >> the commission found that the police operation should not have taken place on the orders because of the defects in the plan. the commission has found that it would have been impossible to disarm and disburse the strikers without significant bloodshed. on the afternoon of the 16th of august. >> reporter: the commission also wants the country's police chief investigated to determine if she's fit to hold office.
3:13 am
one of the miners injured that day says he's lucky to be alive. he was shot eight times and says the investigation is not enough. >> translator: what is important is that when you have wronged someone, especially if you have taken a life. even though one cannot buy life you need to confess and ask for forgiveness, the sad things is they don't want to ask for forgiveness, and they are still making our lives miserable. >> reporter: but her husband was killed at the mine and continues to work at the mine to pay per bills but says the constant reminders of how her husband was killed has been unbearable. >> this is affecting our minds because we know that the police caused these problems. when you look at the individuals it's clear that it is them who killed people. >> reporter: but mine bosses and unions have not escaped criticism. there continues to be concerned around workers' living conditions and the role the
3:14 am
unions played in provoking unrest. now the report is finally out the families of those killed are preparing to make civil claims. but they know it will never bring their loved ones back. al jazerra. still to come, the only lifeline out of anbar iraqis make the difficult journey to flee isil's biggest strong hold. plus. >> reporter: i am adam rainy outside a hospital in honduras, coming out the story of how corruption is costing lives and millions of dollars.
3:15 am
3:16 am
3:17 am
♪ welcome back. let's reminds you of the top stories. european leaders have agreed to relocate some of the record numbers of migrants arriving on european shores. thousands arrived in italy and greece will be sent to other countries. but a system of quotas for each e.u. country was reject the. e.u. leaders said a solution to greece's debt crisis must be reached this weekend or greece could face an exit from the euro. if talks fail, greece won't be able to make a 1.5 billion euro payment to its creditors. a south african inquiry for nba to the death of 34 striking miners three years ago has recommended that police should face a criminal investigation. officers have also always claimed they were acting in self-defense when they opened fire on the miners. fighters in syria have launched an offensive to push government troops out of the southern city of duh rah. they have been dropping barrel bombs in the area. the control of is split between
3:18 am
government troops and a an alliance of rebels taking over regime checkpoints. dozen of people have been killed in the fighting. pushing even more people from their homes. with isil controlling almost all of iraq's biggest province, there are few options for those trying to leave. jane arraf reports from a bridge on the outskirts of baghdad that has become almost the only way out of anbar. >> reporter: it's just a few meters across the bridge. but for most who crows cros it, a painful journey. on one side is anbar. a sunni-majority province that is isil's biggest strong hold hole in iraq. on the other side are the outskirts of baghdad. they left fallujah three months ago for the countryside. now they are heading further to
3:19 am
the kurdish region. >> translator: they were ready to attack fallujah from the first day of ramadan. they were aiming missiles at fallujah. everyone is leaving. >> reporter: she says there are no doctors left around fallujah. the area is under isil control. and there is no electricity or government services either. despite the risk and hardship in staying, the decision to leave is almost as difficult. iraqi security leaders worry that isil fighters wilin fill trait baghdad just 10-kilometers from here. to get to baghdad those escaping anbar need someone in the capital to vouch for them. isil control more than 80% of anbar province, including most of the border crossings. and almost all of the major highways. so this small bridge has become a lifeline between anbar and the rest of the country. and the only way out for many families trying to escape the expected fighting.
3:20 am
for security reasons cars and trucks aren't allowed to cross the bridge without special permission. this crossing on the river is the only route left to eastern anbar, everything comes across by cart. he had to leave his car behind. but he lost so much more than that. their tent collapsed two months ago killing his young daughter. >> translator: a storm came up at 10:30 at night. we felt the bars of the tents falling down on us, there were six of us, four of us survived, but my two-year-old died and my four-year-old had a ruptured inning tess fine andintestine and broken hip. >> reporter: some will trying their luck in turkey or other countries, there is also traffic going back to an bark including some returning for the final time. a year ago few people had set foot on this bridge, now 10s of thousands of a iraqis have
3:21 am
walked across it. each step taking them further and further from their homes. jane arraf, at the bridge in iraq. rwanda's intelligence chief has been released on bail after appearing before a court in london. he was arrested at heathrow airport by british police act on the ground a european warrant. he's wanted in spain in connection with war crimes after rwanda's 1994 genocide. the latest round of talks on iran's nuclear program are due to start in sienna on friday. western powers are trying to negotiate a deal in exchange for relief of sanction that his have crippled iran's economy. john kerry says he's hopeful a june 30th deadline can be met. ray flotilla of trips is trying to breakthrough an israeli blockade of the gaza strip. activists are attempting to take surprise there. israel has sealed off access to the strip by sea lands and air. u.s. president obama has scored a major victory in the
3:22 am
fight to get his healthcare reforms implemented. supporters cheered as the u.s. supreme court upheld tax and subsidies crucial to enforcing the affordable care act. the decision end the last significant legal challenge to obama's signature law. >> the affordable care act is here to stay. this morning the court upheld a critical part of this law. the part that has made it easier for americans to afford health insurance regardless of where you live. if the partisan challenge to this law had succeeded millions of americans would have had thousands of dollars worth of tax credits taken from them. anti-government protesters are expected in honduras later on friday over alleged corruption in the country's healthcare system. officials have been accused of stealing hundreds of millions of dollars crippling the health service, adam raney reports. >> reporter: he died two years ago. doctors say it was lung cancer. but her daughter says there was
3:23 am
no conclusive test. still her mother underwent chemotherapy treatment and died after a few sessions. >> it was medical negligence and malpractice on the part of social security. >> reporter: she blames the social security system for her mother's death. the same system that is at the center of a corruption scandal here. officials allegedly inflated costs, cut deals with vendors and made off with some $300 million. leaving the system short of medicines and services. at least 11 women are reported to have died after taking faulty drugs. this is the hospital where her mother died. now, one out of every eight hondurans rely on social security system for their healthcare and here at this hospital people are struggling just to get the basic care they need. inside long lines, and only a little medicine. patience is wearing thin.
3:24 am
>> we come from far away to get medicine and when we get here they don't have any. it's like they think we have nothing better to do with our time. >> translator: we constantly have to buy our own medicines they gave me this precipitation for my son and they don't even have it. >> reporter: lawyer victor fernandez is pressuring the government for more information on cases. >> translator: to assure this isn't just isolated to the social security system, it's a criminal structure that also drained funds from other government ends institutions. >> reporter: the scandal has reached all of the way to the highest levels of government. earlier this month thousands of protesters called on the president to resign after he admitted his campaign took donations from companies tied to the corruption allegations. the vice president of the country's congress has been charged with fraud too. the army has taken over public hospitals while investigators
3:25 am
build their case. both anti-and pro-government protesters are planning marches for friday. marchs in a country already marked by a 2009 coup where taking a stand often leads to violence. adam raney, al jazerra honduras. french president francois hollande has condemned violent protests by thousands of taxi drivers over rival cab company uber. riot police were deployed as drivers blocked streets around train stations in paris as well as two main airports, uber was banned in january but the rules have proved hard to enforce. a state of medical has been declared in the russian resort of sochi because of flooding. a torrential down floor with two months of rain in just one day. rivers broke their banks wrecking homes and carrying cars away. most transportation links have been cut off. in nepal protesters marched against new rules that require both parents to be nepalese for their children to be granted
3:26 am
citizenship. foreign men who marry nepal east women will be denied citizenship. forcing 4 million people to become stateless. >> reporter: should nepal i mothers be able to pass on their citizenship to their children? well these activists here say yes. but the constitutional deal made by the major parties says no. which means as many as 4 million napolis, 4 million people residing in nepal could end up being stateless. citizenship document is need today do everything in nepal from opening a bank account to getting a job. so far citizenship laws have been. [ inaudible ] with napoli fathers able to pass on documents to their children. there was much hope that the constitution would be more progressive and politicians promised that either parent could mayors citizenship to the children. the clause that has been passed is both night either parent has
3:27 am
to be a sit sin. now they have been fighting for citizenship for her doubt force a very long time. what is -- what does the new constitution do in terms of getting citizenship for your kids. >> the new constitution has clearly said that father and mother must be citizens to get citizenship for your children. for people like us, i raise my two daughters all by myself and i am not associated, i do not want to associate my name with any other person. now for nigh children is not considered as a human being. they do not practice any human rights the simplest of human rights, she needs to produce citizenship and to produce it she has to produce her ghost father who is not there anymore. >> reporter: activists say that. [ inaudible ] the chaos of the earth quakes to make this deal.
3:28 am
hoping that people would not notice that. and many of the other agreed deals. [ inaudible ] have also been overturned. for now the supreme court has issued honored but activists worry that at this rate statelessness will be institutionalizes. al jazerra kathmandu. ash from a rumbling volcano in indonesia has fall won't pro vinprovincial capital. more than 4,000 people have been forced to leave. stefanie dekker witnessed the the eruption first hand. the army has come to villages just outside the danger zone to have people living here masks and these masks are supposed to protect them from the air which is quite thick with ash here, it's hard to believe. and you can also see it if you look down some of the areas here the this is usually lush green
3:29 am
everything has turned a very sandy, dull color. >> translator: as we -- >> reporter: as we were interviewing a military commander something seems to happen. it was quite an intimidating sight. and so we decided we would leave the area. there has just been a big eruption of the roll volcano we were talking to people in a village up the road. we are driving to get away with it. it's up credibly scary when you see this cloud come to you. it moves incredibly fast and really does highlight the power of mother nature and makes you realize there is nothing you can do just try to get out of its way as fast as you can. over 10,000 people have been evacuated from their homes. no one knows when the mountain will go back to sleep. stefanie dekker, al jazerra.
3:30 am
and you can keep up-to-date with all of the news and all of the day's developments on our website, including those top stories of e.u. migrants being relocated and resettled in europe's shores. the address there on target - saved by the court. obama care survives, but there's still flaws and critics stinging allegations - scientists try to solve the mass death of bees, say they've been censored by the u.s. government. the united states supreme court handed a major victory to president obama by upholding a key part of the law that will help define his legacy, the