Skip to main content

tv   Listening Post  Al Jazeera  August 10, 2015 3:30pm-4:01pm EDT

3:30 pm
did not make a kill. famida miller, al jazeera. fest. >> the blog, send the stories behind the stories, hello, i'm richard gizbert, and you are at the listen post. here are some of the media stories, politics, and problems with the coverage of immigration in europe.
3:31 pm
it's reached a point where it's difficult to differentiate truth from fiction. the slow growth of the cuban bloggos fear, and arrest warrants and publication bands, a government corruption scandal in malaysia. journalists taking the fall. >> the past week, a controversy over migrants trying to get into britain. it dominated the newspapers. some characterised them as undeserving leaches, a security menace and treat to national values. it's making headlines in greece, italy and germany, dealing with an influx of people making the journey, many of which are cash strapped or war torn. mainstream news concern straits on the impact. the disproportionate way the stories are discovered. it often says mar about the
3:32 pm
political agendas doing the reporting than the story and given the climate in europe, the rise across the country. this is a story that needs to be contextualized. terminology analysed, numbers examined and premises exposed. our starting point is the french port city of calais. in the interests of disclosure six journalists worked on the preparation of the report from london. none born in the u.k. a producer of chile, a video editor who is an israeli. an israeli camera operator, and producer. our series producer raised in bahrain, and a reporter born in canada. so this report about the
3:33 pm
coverage of the immigration story was produced by immigrants, or are we expats, migrants or economic refugees. that, the question of terminology, is one. things that confunds news outlets when they try to cover groups much people on the move. >> in mainstream liberal newspapers you'll see often headlines like a wave of immigrants entering britain, right. it's about human story, into something that is a force of nature. we turn it into a wave or flood of some kind. we had david cameron. >> you have a worm of people. >> talking about immigrants. a short while ago immigrants were described as cockroaches. >> the idea that britain is swamped with migrants, or
3:34 pm
europe, has sem ented into the public mind. that is for two reasons, one is media analysis, and the other is the use of certain language by the political party. >> we have no limit on the numbers that can come. >> we have policies to address, problems that come, and we share concerns that people have. >> britain and europe aren't facing many migrants. when you look at the enjoys, it's quite small here are the figures putting scare stories into perspective. in 2014 for every 1,000 inhabitants of the e.u., there were 1.2 applications for asylum. that's neither a swarm nor a wave. some e.u. countries see more refugees landing on the shore
3:35 pm
than others. greece and italy received 1,080, and given the state of the greek economy, one can understand the concern there. britain, again, accord aring to euro stat figures for the first quarter of 2015, pt numbers are the lowest in europe. you wouldn't know that. the coverage pattern pertains not just to political refugees, but migrant workers as well. last year when the guardian looked back at the coverage of five national newspapers between 2005 and 2006, it found that while the number of migrant workers from romania and bulgaria increased by 35%, a third, the number of stories in the times jumped by 900 prrz. -- 900%. it was a similar story at the sun. >> what strikes me most has been
3:36 pm
the lack ever perspective. this is not the army, or hitler's hoards landing at dover. this is a 2,000 desperate people trying to sneak through the channel tunnel one way or another. it's reasonable that the u.k. mediation should focus on the direct effect of the u.k. to do so without putting it in picture. >> the media tend to be dependent on the predominant party yip. and tends to deflect those coming out of the leadership of the parties. what they are doing here, since the credit crunch and global crisis, we had austerity narratives. we spoke about migrants in terms of security effect. we talk about a
3:37 pm
burden on local services and a cause for austerity inflicted on decent people. in some perverse way, the flood of immigrants is sexy, playing into a fear that people have about economic problems in society, getting to the extent where lots of people in the british public have an idea that we are flooded with immigrants. >> the only way to see forward is to turn it into a military area, with check points, et cetera. it's the only way forward. >> the austerity angle aside, the disproportionate access is not driven by ideology alone. we arrived the rup ert-murdoch tabloid for an interview. the head of p.r. refused requests, showing that the sun's
3:38 pm
coverage is in line with how much the media reports the calais crisis. liberal papers use terms like that, crisis, to describe the story, without the numbers that would justify the language. their motivations have less to do with ideology than sales figures and lulls in the annual news cycle. it's august. the british media story and people want something to read in the newspapers or media giving a sense that something has happened. for some, the conflag ration of one. >> this is driven by sometimes. obviously there's an economic concern. to do that, on the other hand you can't explain this in those supply and demand terms, this is part of a deeper cultural shift that britain and europe is undergoing at the moment and has
3:39 pm
been undergoing for two decades. >> the media segmented into different markets. they have owners, and the owners have a particular agendas. there's something else. they have a high level of dependency on advertising. if you are the editor of the daily mail or the sun, what are the fears, what are the worries and the things that will really get under the skin of the read? >> whether you are in politics or the news game, fear sells. some in the media see in this story an economic opportunity. in that respect, they are not unlike the people they are covering. perhaps if they looked at the story that way, they'd report it differently. having them part of an earlier wave of immigrants, we would say that, wouldn't we on the download our
3:40 pm
reviewers on the way the immigration story is covered. >> the combination of language used in the media and the lack of context in the reporting combine to create a sense of public panic and crisis. interestingly it's usually a crisis for british holiday makers or lorry drivers as opposed to humanitarian crisis, on the doorstep. >> one of the biggest myths perpetuated by the media is immigrants and asylum seekers are terms used interchangeably and are subhuman, when describing the calais crisis, journalists said that migrants and asylum seekers stormed the channel tunnel, giving the impression that they were a hume onlienous mass, dehumanize
3:41 pm
>> it creates a huge opportunity for the small business owners. >> these are all different strains.
3:42 pm
3:43 pm
other media stories on the radar, after six years on the outside looking in, bbc has been granted limited access to report from iran. in 2009 iranian authorities expelled a bbc reporter over his coverage of a protest in a disputed election. officials accused the network of waging the war and no bbc correspondent or bureau has been allowed to operate inside the country, tehran says it will allow one bbc crew in the country. coverage to one stories, the nuclear issue and the team will be watched. a spokesman for the bbc told the "the listening post" that it has not received n correspondence from the government. iran's treatment of local and international journalists is an issue. "the washington post" reporter jason is in prison for more than a year after being accused of prom answer gander and esby --
3:44 pm
propaganda and espionage, and another agency today was suspended and another criticized in mexico the names and date line changes, but the story is the same journal. >> ruben espinosa was the 7th journalist killed. bound and tortured in his flat in mexico city. he covered politics and activists issues, including the investigating magazine in the south-eastern state. one of the most dangerous places to be a journalist. four reporters from there have been killed, 41 murdered in mexico. according to various reports, espinosa fled two months ago work. >> several thousand protesters attended a rally in his memory. carlos from the committee to
3:45 pm
protect journalists said: the coverage of a government corruption scandal in malaysia resulted in the suspension of two publications and an arrest warrant. the editor is pursued for her coverage of the relationship between the prime minister and a debt-ridden investment firm called one malaysian development. two newspapers based in kuala lumpur and the edge financial daily were removed from the news stands after reporting on that story. thomas hughes from the freedom of expression group said the report website has blown the bhisle on a corruption --
3:46 pm
whistle on a corruption scandal, raising questions of wrongdoing. authorities display content for freedom of expression standards it happened on july 20th, the raising of the cuban flag outside the embassy in washington d.c. for the first time in 54 years. over the past four months we've looked at the normalization of relations between the u.s. and cuba employs for the cuban media. we examined the state-run newsagencies. from the american side we looked at a radio and television prappa canneda outlet to be the anti-communist message into cuba. journalism on and into cuba is not as black and white. raul castro called on cubans to be more critical, acknowledging that the
3:47 pm
communist party failed citizens, some saw it as cosmetic. connectisty on the island is an issue. voices in the diverse community have grown louder, more flun shl. more nuanced forum for debate. the "the listening post" on three irn dependent journalists pro and anti-castro cubans the wrong way by exercising their right to freedom of expression. in the past few years in cuba, an independent type of journalist started to flourish, an unchartered terrain, no red lines fixed. it is part of a new generation of bloggers.
3:48 pm
he and a group of students two hours from the capital set up the area in cuba, a blog where they started to take veiled shots at the state and reporting on what the media chose to ignore. >> when i started the university, i never saw an email, i didn't demo what the internet was, i barely used a computer. one day my friend and ipart of communist -- and i who were part of the communist party - we set it up without knowing what a blog was, within three or four months an explosion hit. extraordinary. >> an example was set from the outset thanks to its irlevel rens, for example, when it took the authorities to task.
3:49 pm
they published the blog at three in the morning to have enough bandwidth on the network. the authorities shut them down. and something surprising happened, a photo appeared on the net showing bloggers with the vice president. raul castro's successor, hugging they are. straight away they restored the line. >> when a politician like the vice president in cuba defends you publicly, it employs personal responsibility and has an impact on what you do. the challenge was how to do what we were doing after the visit. some might thing having a relationship with politicians will save you. the challenge is to do the same afterwards. that's what we tried to do, to maintain the editorial line. that's become easier in cuba,
3:50 pm
because times are changing and a middle ground is emerging. despite the fact that computer equipment may look like something out of a bygone era, bloggers are updating the resolution by critiquing if from the inside. the issue is it is yet to arrive. here there's little connectivity and communication is face to face. that, too, is it set to change as internet companies fi for opportunities in what promises to be a new era in political and technological communications. >> cuba is one of the countries, estimates differ, but 3-25% of the population can log on, then, it costs $2, half the average weakly pay package, for the outsider, what is striking is a lack of mobile zones, how few are transfixed by hand-held devices, the way people are in
3:51 pm
other major cities around the world. the cuban government blamed penetration on the u.s. trade embargo, a lack of equipment. critics say it's been shutting down debate. a critic is journalist sanchez, a thorn in the side of the government. since 2007 when she started her blog, she's been featured widely in media outlets, hers is a call for a change of the system. just this year she started is it digital news site but the government blocked it for users on the island. >> the usual dynamic is to find blocks on the extremes. there was no extremes online, only black or white. cuba is paradise, it is a country with virtuous
3:52 pm
and colours, this is a country not of black or white. blog. >> let me tell you a joke. the pope is walking along the malicon on a windy day the head flies off. the next day castro walks into the water to pick up the hat. the next day the pope says castro walked on water. >> that he is god. >> sanchez says fidel is so old he can't swim any more. >> ever since raul castro came to power, more debate, cuba's online voices multiplied. beyond the life of sanchez, all current affairs blogs and a curious case.
3:53 pm
by day he's a director, the workers newspaper. by night he writes a blog. the one from cuba. there he hones in on one of the subjects his revolutionary paper would have little interest publishing - gay rights. >> five years ago i started the blog, which is different to what i do assist a director of the state paper, where i cover economic, social and political topics, on my blog i talk about homosexuality, maternity and the fact that i'm h.i.v. positive. in a way i lead a double life as a journalist. it has become an alternative space for me. he got into trouble because he criticized cuba for voting against a resolution defending sexual diversity at the weekend. ketoended up meeting with the foreign minister and the minister ended up apologising for their vote and went and
3:54 pm
changed it. it gives you an idea of the influence a bloggos fear can have because for all the connectivity problems in cuba, things are changing. early this year the first government-funded hub was here in havana. since then, dozens appeared. >> the government says it plans to get broadband to half of people's homes in the next five years. the changes are part of a bigger story. an historical political store with the u.s., and the backers of the revolution defending on news and information. they are having to surrender territory. this is a story that as they say, will run and run, and the growing band the bloggers can't wait to cover it
3:55 pm
more voices on the download on cuban bloggers and the impact on journalism. >> some governments are feared. they are not independent. in this matter i think it is more than 10 years. i think the connectivity will
3:56 pm
>> hunted to the brink of extinction...
3:57 pm
finally, if you are an economic migrant setting out on a perilous journey in search of a better life, where would documenting your travels on instagram we.
3:58 pm
as reported in a couple of sites, this is what this man did when he set out from senegal to spain. within a week 10,000 followed the post with commenters cheering him on. images posted and et personae were fake. the idea came from a spanish film-maker who wanted to highlight western frivolity, and the notion that a life has not been lived if it hasn't been shared. the truth was revealed when penya produced a short with al jazeera america gives you the total news experience anytime, anywhere. more on every screen. digital, mobile, social. visit follow @ajam on twitter. and like aljazeera america on facebook for more stories, more
3:59 pm
access, more conversations. so you don't just stay on top of the news, go deeper and get more perspectives on every issue. al jazeera america.
4:00 pm


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on