dead by market attack - truck bomb explodes in a marketplace in baghdad - killing dozens, injuring 200 others castro's birthday wish on the eve of an historic opening of course the u.s. embassy in havana - castro celebrates his 89th birthday by calling on the u.s. to pay the island nations millions. the apocalyptic aftermath, a
day after an explosion rescue workers race against the clock to find survivors, as the death toll continues to climb going too far, five guatemalan soldiers caught on tape beating two young men. they now face the justice statement of claim accused of abuse of power this is al jazeera america. i'm libby casey. antonio mora is on assignment. we begin with a major accusation against i.s.i.l. the u.s. says it's investigating claims that i.s.i.l. used chemical weapons against forces in northern iraq. accusations reported by german officials, saying that kurdish leaders told them several dozen of their fighters were attacked with chlorine rockets two days ago. this is not the first allegation of chemical weapons used against
i.s.i.l. back in march it was alleged that there was evidence that i.s.i.l. fighters used chlorine gas during a suicide bombing in northern iraq. the allegations coming as u.s. officials condemned a deadly suicide attack in baghdad. 70 killed when a truck packed with xe pleasives detton -- explosives detonated. we go to baghdad for the latest in the blirnink of an eye, scene turned from mundane to horrible. this is one of the capital's densely populated, as some searched for survivors, others found the dead. because the early morning attack was apparently planned to maximise civilian casualties, many knew this would be the work
of i.s.i.l. it was the third attack by the group in as many days, understand scoring how tenuous the security situation here is on tuesday, i.s.i.l. attacked two other areas where many shia muslims lived. dozens were killed, dozens more injured. attempts to deepen sectarian lines at a time when increasing numbers of iraqis demand the government work together. >> fed up at the lack of services such as electricity and clean water, tens of thousands demonstrated against corruption, a call alarming iraqi leaders who passed sweeping reform proposals protests are planned for friday in several cities, it's unclear how the attack in sadr city may affect the turn out, especially here in baghdad, which may affect a reminder of the security crisis meanwhile, the pentagon confirmed that u.s. war planes
begunmaned air strikes against i.s.i.l. in syria. officials say several f-16 fighters were launched from the air base, they come a month after turkey authorised a mission, allowing access for u.s. and n.a.t.o. planes to bomb i.s.i.l. in nearby syria. turkey has begun building a 10 foot high wall in the city, near the syrian border. turkish armed forces built a mile of the wall. once completed the length will be over 5 miles. iran's foreign minister is calling on the islamic community to speak out against terrorism and extremism during a news conference with his counterpart calling for peace in the region now that we have moved an unnecessary consequence, we are prepared to concentrate on our area, with issues that unite us
in this region mohammad javad zarif added decisiveness feeds anti-muslim sentiment. >> the leader of al qaeda is said to have pledged allegiance to the new leader of the taliban. the loyalty pledge in a 10 minute audio recording posted on social media, following the announcement of the death of founder mullah omar two weeks ago. he said he supports the new leader, mullah mansour, calling on god to protect him. the recording is being vetted. former cuban president raul castro celebrated his 89th birthday. these handout photos shows him hanging out in bolivia with evo morales and madura. he repeated assertions that the
u.s. owes cuba millions for the decades long embargo. he made no mention of secretary of state john kerry visit to havana tomorrow. >> at the newest embassy workers ply finishing touches to the flag-raising ceremony. many of the dissidents are speaking out. >> translation: here it's very important to give everyone their place when and where necessary, and we are not given the place we require at a civil society in cuba, this is a way to exclude us and let us in through the back door. >> we believe that things are not down the right way regarding the promotion of human rights, which is crucial in promoting democracy u.s. officials invited dissidents to a flag raising at
the home of the chief of missions. let's go live to antonio mora live in havana. americans and cubans thought they wouldn't live to see diplomatic relations restored between the u.s. and cuba. is there a sense of excitement and anticipation on the streets of havana? >> a lot of both, libby. people here on the island are overwhelmingly in favour of improved relations with the united states. even though the cold war ended 20 years ago, the cold war between the u.s. and cuba continued for 54 years plus. people here are excited. the acrimony lasted longer than most americans who are alive today have been around. >> fidel castro triumphantly entered havana days after the cuban dictator, an ally of the united states, fled the country in the early hours of knew
year's day 1959. four days later, he visited the u.s. looking for help. he laid a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldiers and met with senators and vice president richard nixon, but his anti-american, pro-soviet rhetoric was on display, praising russian leader. >> he is good friend. you leave us we sell petroleum. your leaders speak about aggression to cuba. defending cuba president eisenhower avoided castro, going on a golfing trip. it may not have made a difference in light of words when asked if he was a communist. >> well, wait for the history, the history will say what we are. >> u.s.-cuba relations went
downhill from there. castro following through on threats on cuba, raising taxes on american goods. the u.s. retaliated by slashing trade with cuba, leading to a full embargo this day. the u.s. broke off relations with cuba in january 1961, and president kennedy started the bay of pigs invasion. led by trained u.s. refugees, it was a failure, pushing castro closer to the soviet union. >> in 1962 an american spy plane spotted soviet missiles in cuba, 90 miles from the coast of florida. >> the purpose of these bases can be none other than to provide a nuclear strike capability against the western hemisphere. >> that touched off the cuban missile crisis. in october 1962 the world stood on the brink of nuclear law.
>> it shall by the policy of the nation to regard nuclear missiles launched, as an attack by the soviet union on the united states. >> the crisis ended with a deal. missile strikes with a pledge not to innovate cuba. relations would remain poisonous after the cold war ended. in 2006 fidel castro's power failed and he handed power to raul castro. relations grew especially after raul castro and president obama shook hands at nelson mandela's funeral. secret talks followed. leading to cuba releasing american alan gross, who had been in prison for five years. >> welcome home. glad you are here >> reporter: and exchange president obama returned the
three remaining members of the cuban five. and the two neighbours in december announced they'd setatide five decades of hostility. >> today the united states of america is changing relationships with cuba. >> reporter: that officially happened at midnight, july 20th. hours later the cuban anthem played and the cuban flag raised over cuba's embassy in washington. >> we reaffirmed cuba's willingness to move forth in a constructive spirit. it's a relationship that has a long way to go. >> i've been clear we'll continue to have serious differences. however, i strongly believe the best way for america to support values is through engagement. >> that engagement will reach
its highest point within half a century, it's not without controversy. the obama administration is facing harsh criticism to not paying enough attention to human rights violations in cuba and not inviting activists to the main flag raising ceremony at the embassy. >> there'll be special guests there tomorrow. tell us about them? >> there are a lot of emotional stories this week here in cuba. one of the more emotional ones involve three former marines, and back in january 1961, they were the ones that lowered the flag for the last time. they'll travel with secretary kerry, and they will be the ones who will raise the flag over the embassy in havana. today is the 89th birthday, and
many people thought that diplomatic relations would never be destroyed while fidel castro was still alive. how much is his influence felt in cuba? >> i have asked a lot of people that, it's not clear. he made a couple of appearance, he's been lucid, is sharp and connected in the conversations, and is known to write the reflections, and grasp the organs of the government. he wrote fewer of those in recent times, but had one that was issued today. in that he went after his traditional enemy, the united states, and complained that the u.s. owes cuba many, many millions some things don't change. >> antonio mora live in havana, thank you so much tomorrow at nine eastern, antonio mora hosts a special hour of coverage live from havana. an indepth look at cuban-american relations,
including thawing tension, and what life is really like on the island. >> rachel is an assistant director at the counsel. her work focussing on u.s. cuban relations. she joins us from washington. as we watch the secretary of state visit to havana, this will be the first time someone at his level of government visited since 1945. is this more symbol or substance. >> it's an important symbol that aclous for substance. this is the united states ending its policy of regime change and implementing a policy of engage. sending a top government official to the country saying this is a regime we not willing to engage with. you've been watching the cuban dissidents, and it's getting a
lot of attentions. what does it say about how u.s. officials are handling the new stage of the relationship with cuba. >> well, the important thing is that secretary kerry is meeting with the dissidents, and it shows us that the united states committed to walking a tightrope with its relationship with cuba and countries around the world where we have disagreements with them, where we have working relationships with the government, and engage with the dissident community and support human rights. these things are not mutually exclusive. >> what signals will you watch from the obama administration when it comes to human rights in cuba? >> i think we are going to have to see an engagement with dissident community, and we see that from the visit. we are going to see continued activism and engagement. through the embassy that will serve as a resource, as a home
base to continue negotiations with one another. >> as we watch the embassies open, what will business as usual look like in this era. business as usual is not that interesting, but very important. so that things like cooperating on issues of mutual concern is very important to two countries close in geographic proximity. things that we deal with countries on a staying to day basis. this expands the capacity to deal with those things. that would be beneficial to both of those countries. >> an expansion, american companies looking to go into cuba, how fast do you see outsiders moving in. and what do they need to consider? >> well, for one thing, some components of the u.s. legislation stand, and that
prohibits american companies from entering cuba. there's a lot of obstacles within cuba. it's a difficult country for a company to get into. you have a high cost of operations, expensive electricity and poor infrastructure, so i am not sure that this is a business venture that a lot of companies are anxious to get into rachel, with the atlanta council in washington d.c., thank you for joining us. i.s.i.l. is well-known for mitting horrible atrocities. bringing attention to the mistreatment of women china devalued its currency again, amid allegations they are taking the actions to boost exports.
our in context segment focuses on i.s.i.l.'s use of sex slaves, a year ago this month they stormed sinjar mountain, rounding up members of the yazidi community, a religious minority, and the months that followed were horrific for its victims. >> when i.s.i.l. stormed across northern iraq last summer, the yazidi were the target. men were slaughtered if they refused to convert to islam. boys mr swept away, taken to
camps where they were trained to fight. women and young girls were kidnapped and sold into slavery. >> islamic state fighters killed scores it not hundreds of men, before carrying off their relatives. this girl told us that she and other young women and girls were subjected to group weddings. he she describes the ceremony, where she was married off to a fighter. her story is one of thousands. some survivors who spoke with the "new york times" told stories of being traded in a
marketplace setting. and girls as young as 12 being raped because they believed it was a right to do so, saying the koran allowed them to. this woman found out that islamic state fighters captured her newly wed sister, when she tried to reach her by phone joining us from toronto is an emergency senior researcher
in the human rights division with human rights watch, and spent time with the yazidi of iraq learning about their experiences. thank you for talking with us. why are the yazidi targeted specifically. are other groups at risk as well. i think other groups are at risk as well. the yazidi are at risk. because there are non-believers, and as such they don't have the protection that other groups would normally receive. front of what we have documented, a captain of systematic rapes, forced conversion, the worst abuses that anyone can imagine. these women and girls have lived through that. what were the women and girls spirnsing. how are they coping. >> this is a big issue that we struggle with, there's a lot of attention that's been focussed on what happened to the women
and girls. not the same amount of attention in terms of them being released. they are in need of psychological support. they need adequate medical services. they need training, all the things that little girls and young women need to flourish, and for get about the trauma they have undergone. >> what is the international community doing at this point. what sense do you have of how many women and girls are captured, are treat as sex slaves. >> the number of areas, but according to the government last week, about 3,000 yazidi still remain in captivity, mainly women and girls. as they come back to kurdistan. they have been in castivity for so long, some are pregnant. there's no ambulances to help
them with their babies, and the community propping up the government. they've been inundated with displaced people. and last year alone there has been 600,000 people who fled to kurdistan. not only from brick, bit syria. there's an e-nos.amount. dealing with a high number of people. these women are getting the services that they need. >> how is the slave market working. do locals get involved? >> for the most part, what we document tends to be followers. and including members in iraq and syria. some are captured by neighbours,
unfortunately. it's foreigners. at the same time, it's people from the community as well. >> is i.s.i.l. using this as a tool for men. >> yes, i wouldn't be surprised. if that's the case, at the same time, anyone that joins the organizations, to do these abuses. >> human rights watch has been documenting this for quite a while. thank you so much for joining us. julian assange is criticizing sweden for closing some sexual abuses into him. the swedish prosecutor said time ran out on the sexual assault investigation. in a statement. julian assange said he was disappointed by the move calling himself an innocent man. sweden is looking into a rape allegation. thursday, sweden said it would file a formal protest with
welcome back to al jazeera america. i'm libby casey in for antonio mora. coming up in this half hour of international news, the debate over greece's bailout programme threatens to split the governing party. first a look at the stories across the u.s. in our american minute. the navaho nation prejudices to take legal action against the e.p.a. for inadvertently causing a toxic spill into two rivers. it dumped 3 million gallons of mine sludge into the waterways. the e.p.a. said waters has returned to prespill safety levels washington state is fined $100,000 a day over a school funding gap. the state supreme court failed to fund basic education for washington's 1 million schoolchildren. the court ordered state lawmakers to come up with a plan to boost the budget by a million over the next five years
the connecticut supreme court deemed the death penalty unconstitutional. death sentences for future dayses have been eliminated. the law allowed sentences to be handed out before then to be carried out. >> a team of nuclear and chemical experts is investigating a massive explosion that rocked the city. the death toll stands at 50. 700 injured. thousands left homeless. a blast used to measure earthquakes and it can be seen from space. officials are concerned about the environmental impact caused by the explosion. here in the port city, with a population of 15 million people. there are many more questions than answer's today. we don't know for sure whether
the air, the people breathing in are safe. the government insists that it is, there's no traces of cyanide in the area, even though we know the company where the chemicals had been stored had in the past stored cyanide in the warehouse. behind me you can see evidence of destruction which bears testament to the force of the explosions happening on wednesday evening. one of the explosions had the force equal to more than 20 tonnes of tnt. we are some 2 tms away from the epicentre of the blasts, yet you can see the devastation is complete. some 6,000 have been evacuated from their homes, spending the night in temporary accommodation in tents and a local school. we know this morning some 50 people are confirmed dead, there's 71 people injured, 17 of
the dead we know were firearm. one was 17 years old. there has been a lot of chat and comment con social media about why the firemen were so young and weather they were adequately trained to deal with a chemical disaster on this tail. sadly chemical accidents like this are not uncommon. during the past five months, there has been one chemical incident. that, of course, is focused attention once more on china's safety, its industrial safety record. there is a pattern here, because as rapid economic development happened, you are seeing factories built closer and closer to residential areas. for instance, 20-15 years ago, the area where i'm standing will be patty fields, now it's an industrial zone closer to
residential areas. what will happen. people are demanding answers, we don't know how this disaster happened. we don't know why dangerous chemicals were stored close to the residential area. china's government is watching closely, they worry about incidents like this, we know that stress and anxiety leads to one thing cleared most. which is anger on a mass scale china lowered its currency for the third day run, and officials offered a reason, dismissing stories they are doing it to boost flagging exports. let's start with the basics, how has the people's bank of china devalued the uni. >> it's not like -- uni. yuan. >> the people's bank of china
sets a guidance rate, and traders can trade 2% higher or 2% lower. tuesday was the people's bank of china in a surprise move dropped a bombshell. they lowered the guidance raid by 1.9%. the single biggest drop, calling it a one-off deappreciation. they devalued it by 1.6%, and today, thursday, by 1.1%. on the same day they did that. they announced they'd change the mechanism and changed the mechanism to give market forces more of a say going forward. >> why is someone calling this an escalation in the currency wars. >> this is an export driven economy. lately china's economy slowed down. they had weaker than expected
exporters in july. also keep in mind that the people's bank of china, they cut rates in december. that was in an effort to boost exports and help out the stock market. they had steep sell off. when you couple all that weak trade data, cuts that didn't work, and change the mechanism. that sparks suspicions around the globe. this could possibly be a currency war, because what happens is a country competitively devalues their currency for a trading value, when the juan is chief. it is keeper to go abroad. >> what is beijing's reasoning. >> beijing is saying this is it not the says, we are not competitively devaluing the currency. the i.m.f. wants us to do it, it's been on our back to give market forces more of a say in
how it is valued. the i.m.f. wants to see that if the yuan is going to get the status of reserved currency. it was reserved to four others. the british pound, the japanese yen and the euro. >> are people buying the splaingts, is that impacting the global economy. >> they are confused about what the explanation is, is it the start of a currency war, is it opportunistic timing, beijing introducing market forces at a time it works towards policy goals? this is felt around the globe, we have seen luxury goods exported, that have taken a hit. it harms the price of oil. they are not going do consume as much. this complicates matters for the federal reserve. many expect the reserves to raise interest rates. wait a minute.
wait a second, the dollar has been strong. it harmed exports, and here is the dollar giving more strength against the currency. this puts the fed in a tricky position. >> thank you for explaining it. >> we are looking at live images of the greek parliament where members are debating a bailout. the prime minister alexis tsipras is bushing for the $95 billion, needed to pay loans to creditors. his opponents, say the bailout's austerity measures creates too much hardship for citizens, dozens gathered to protest the deal. >> people can't pay more taxes unless we become homeless and eat at soup kitchens, shut schools and hospitals and let people died. i discovered a kidney medicine, basic to my health is out of stock. from this point of view, i don't
think more measures can work. >> prime minister alexis tsipras said he's confident the deal will pass. >> a dire warning from north korea. coming up on al jazeera america, what is behind pyongyang's threat to bomb united states and south korea. and all eyes on japan's prime minister as he porption to mark the 70th anniversary of world war ii.
ahead with planned military drills, on state media pyongyang called the exercise armed aggression, saying the two countries risked nuclear retaliation, if they moved forward. >> translation: the u.s. and its follower the south korean public regime should like straight at history's lessons, the reality, and not act recklessly, if the u.s. and regime provoke our back to revolutionary force will teach lessens to wore mongers and invaders with bomb showers. drills are planned for august 17th sz, tensioning have been high after a land mine attack injured two soldiers it's friday morning in japan, all eyes is on shinzo abe. he is expected to apologise for his country's role in world war ii. it comes on the eve of the surrender of japan. there are concerns that japan's leader may downplay the scale of
atrocities. harry fawcett reports every wednesday a contentious shared history plays out in person, in the minds of the young. >> translation: even though a lot of time pass the since liberation, japan has not settled past issues and offered on apology. >> they are here to support these women, forced into prostitution by the military. the army used up to 2,000 asian women in this way. the united states called it a terrible violation of human rights. this woman was tain from her home in south korea, aged 14. told she'd be sent to a factory, instead shipped to brothels throughout asia, people talk about august 15th coming up, for us liberation has not come. even now, we are fighting against japan.
>> conflict goes ban hundreds of years, a hit show charts an invasion. the colonial rule dominates relations. koreans forced to adopt japanese names and languages. south korea's president called on tokyo to confront its past. >> the catalogue plains political animosity between the two countries, is it can be drawn on to serve present day political differences as well. >> for some, south korea relied too much on historical grievance to build its national identity. with military exercises around aislelets and a campaign to have waters recognised as the east sea, and the sea of japan. >> if south koreans stepped back, it would put away the fig leaf. >> others say japan's prime
minister shinzo abe is refusing to deal with the military past. they look to free it. >> translation: the core of all of this is to disregard japan's constitution, and a starting point for all that, denying a story of aggression. as south korea marked 17 years of freedom, the history bared down national identity and international relationships pore more on the statement, we are joined by tobias harris from torneo intelligence. >> what are the key words that south korea and china hope to hear from the prime minister. >> the key words are drawn from past statements on anniversary of the war. most notably from the statement in 1959.
the key statements are reduced to the colonial rule, aggression. these phrases were repeated in prime minister's statement at the end of the war, and both seoul and beijing stressed they want to see the phrases. and they'll likely be included. the question is how are the words used. what spirits surround the use of the words. rather than the use of the words himself. >> you talk about past apologies, why is there a feeling that there's a need for an apology now. >> the problem is that even though you had statements of apology from japanese prime minister's before, and japanese governments before, and acts of remorse, reparations paid, even though they were not called repatriations, paid to china and south korea, and others occupied by japan. you have a genuine debate over
how japan should thing about the history. you have prominent intellectuals talking about new understandings of history. they say japan needs to understand history. they need to feel more pride. and the survival depends on having pride in the past. and the result. the immaterial until result, it is alive. they here what japanese politicians are saying, it looks like they are not remorseful. the apology is hollow. >> how much pressure is the prime minister getting, not to apologise from his supporters. >> the prime minister is pulled in a lot of different directions. they want him not to include the words in the earlier statement made by a socialist prime
minister. they have no particular attachment to those words. >> on the other hand there's a partner, more centrist to china. certainly the understanding of their feelings. an anti-milt tarrist party. >> it is stressed to the prime minister that they should be included. they have to sign on to it. it was a big part of the reason it was included. the other pressure point is that they care about improving relations to china and south korea. the result is they are trying to be solicitous of the views. there's views that it doesn't see the need of more apologies, they had a view of the war that doesn't view it assist something to celebrate. you see this among older
japanese. prime minister shinzo abe is pushing to allow japanese soldiers to serve overseas for the first time since world war ii, how does that play into tomorrow's statement. >> it certainly, i think, casts a shadow over proceedings. the reality is statements can be made and can get back to debating what the laws should look like. whether they pass it on. if there's one thing we learnt from the summer of debate over the national security laws, it's incredibly controversial to suggest that the troops may serve. going forward. japanese governments will have to think hard about the circumstances and the manner in which they deploy their forces. going forward we'll see an increase in the use of time, and government and the prime
and 8,000 cases of sexual violence against children were reported. the latest incident. we have this report from guatemala city. >> reporter: an abuse of power captured on video. guatemalan soldiers viciously beat two young men in a town two hours west of the guatemala city. it was rumoured that the men were delinquents, and ch is how the men were trained. guatemalan authorities launched an investigation. thursday the soldiers in the video were arrested and brought to the public posterior's office. -- prosecutor's office. they'll face a judge over allegations of maltreatment of a minor they helped with civilian
policing. combined patrols were set up so assist a police force. but the police have been unable to curb violent crime and the president, a retired general ordered more soldiers on to the streets. the analyst says that the government must have patrols under police command. the police are trying to serve the community and guarantee the state for citizens. soldiers do not have specialised training. military seek to highlight the role and the support they receive at home. community leaders in the town where the video was report.
>> it's an isolated incident. we are cooperating with the authorities to deal with it. i don't think it will have serious reppar cushions in the way it was seen, as violators of human rights. we are here to help insure the safety of citizens. >> reporter: some call the soldiers heroes, the court will decide if these men went too far the israeli conflict is heating up on the streets of paris. they have deployed police to protect the beach festival. organizers use it as an opportunity to celebrate a foreign beachside city. activists are protesting a decision. and they say it constitutes an
endorsement of israeli policy in the west bank and gaza. >> we are here to explain to people with our banners, leaflets and pictures, the face of occupation. what palestinians are living through. >> when the controversy erupted, it was clear it did not give in. we'll have the event and what we'll do in the public space. >> so spar there's no security issues, and they organised a pro-palestinian event. now the global view segment - it's written in the year since the death of michael brown, some progress has been made in eefrts to create a fatality in the united states. it states that the issue would not solve the problem, but could
begin to change the united states and world. japan writes - johnan welcomes refugees, asylum seekers says it's one of the greatest humanitarian changes. in the past three years, status went to 35 people and calls on the justice ministry. making it easier for people to find safety in japan. the times of london focuses on hillary clinton's email. hillary clinton quoted - i did not have email relations with that classified i information. >> in the off the the radar - hundreds are using a new cooking fuel. it's not gas it's oil. it's promoted by a nigerian manufactur
manufacturer. we have this report this woman is using a new cooking fuel, she suffers from asthma is is glad to use a fuel from a biosource. . >> it definitely will be good for me. it gives life as we need. >> the gel releases carbon dioxide but is less toxic than fumes produced by wood and charcoal, and uses the left over sawdust from mills that go to waste. and water hyacinth, an invasive weed. when they grow, they absorb carbon dioxide. that makes biofuels like this better than fossil fuels. >> we could create a world
that's a green, that is clean. that has helped my thinking in ways by which i want to the invest, and the way i want to put our money to work, and the legacy i want to leave behind. >> other biofuels, maize or sugar gain denies people food sources. to make green fuels accessible, we need to sake sawdust weeds used in start-up. >> the amounts you need for a truly sustainable solution for africa, in the next two, three decades are significantly. therefore it's important to start now looking at much more advanced fuel. the bio gel is produced in nigeria, and sold in ghana and requires a special stove costing the equivalent to the dlt 14.
a litre of fuel costs $0.05 and is selling to $315,000 households. cooks converted to the gel with a promising future. >> that's it for this edition of al jazeera america, i'm case your, thank you for watching. on "america tonight", doubts about rebuilding afghanistan. >> reporter: how much are you getting from u.s.a. d. >> nothing. stopped. >> reporter: 10 years, billions spent. what did the u.s. effort buy? also tonight - hiding in plain sight. behind tinsel town's glittering facade is a major environmental threat brewing. >> the bed room windows - they have no notification that t