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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 21, 2015 5:00am-5:31am EDT

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north korea's leader kim jong untils the troops on the border with the south to be ready for war. ♪ from al jazeera's headquarters in doha, also ahead, macedonia police fire tear gas to stop thousands of refugees crossing the border through greece. just hours after the greek prime minister quit members of his own party announce plans to go it alone plus. >> the terror, the confusion, it
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was something unbearable. >> reporter: two years since chemical attacks in syria killed hundreds and we speak to survivors still waiting for justice. ♪ hello, north korea leader kim junk unhas troops to be ready forward in south korea and held an emergency meeting with the commission late on thursday. according to state media he has told the front line troops to be fully prepared to launch operations and relations from the north and south has been strained but it has become worse in resent weeks and accused the north of planting land mines which injured two south korean border guards and they restarted broadcasting propaganda across the border on huge loudspeakers, the north fired shells to the speakers in retaliation. the south fired dozens of rounds
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back and raised alert to the highest level and harry faucet is in the town in the county near to the border between south and north korea. >> reporter: here in the county we are about five kilometers away from the de-military zone, there is an air raid shelter entrance and a handful, fewer than 20, mainly elderly people and children who are still under ground in the shelter and say there is a level of worry even though they are used to the warnings living where they do on the edge of the border and heard the retaliatory fire coming back from south korea after the rocket was launched on thursday afternoon. south korea says it will respond to any further north korean provocation, north korea says it's the south doing the provoking and denies having launched artillery or rocket fire on thursday afternoon. it does say south korea has to end loudspeaker propaganda on
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saturday, 5:00 p.m. or there will be military action and the alert levels here remain high. >> via skype is robert kellie professor of political science of the national university in south korea and thank you for being with us. what do you think is going on here, obviously tensions between north and south korea are nothing new and should we be more worried this time around? >> i wouldn't be based on past history, just in the last few years there was a major war crisis in the spring of 2013 and there were two in 2010. there was a lot of saber rattling and angry rhetoric and north korean threats to start war and shell various locations and stuff like that and nothing came of it. it doesn't mean this time is different. we don't know how north korea makes decisions so maybe something changed internally we don't know about but from the history i say this will stop sometime in the next week. >> when you talk about north
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korea there is a lot of guesswork involved because the regime is so opaque but can you put this down to saber rattling from the north, wanting to drum up more support? >> i would say so. i mean north korea faces a constant legitimacy program and why do they exist now the cold war is over, germany is gone and why does north korea exists and it's a poorer version of south korea right there is no reason not to be unit if ied and they need to gin up the crisis and driven by north korea provocation and 2010 when they sank the ship for example and all this is necessary for north korea to justify to itself and the people and why the people are more poorer than the fellow koreans that live the south and they need these things and why they come up every couple of
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years. >> do these provocations then from the north simply show up their weaknesses rather than their strengths, do you think? >> i'm not sure. north korea is actually fairly strong. they would lose the war of course but north korea has a very large military, the north largest man power in the world and would actually put up a fight. i think the issue more is regime justification, they need to explain to their people why their ideology never finishes. why korea is never unified despite seven years of talking like this and why are they living a third world lifestyle and they have known for 20 years that south korea is much more wealthy and why can't we have cars and nice apartments and t.v.s and stuff like this and this is the answer, south korea is in hawk with the americans and stuff like that. if we don't have these crisis and have normalization then there is no need for all this. >> it will be very interesting
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to see how this plays out and no doubt the north and south korea's neighbors will be watching closely here and good to get your thoughts on this, robert kellie joining us from the university in south korea, thanks for your time. >> thank you. now police in macedonia have fired tear gas to disburse thousands of refugees trying to cross the border from greece. macedonia declared a state of emergency on the southern and northern borders on thursday and 42000 entered the country in the last two months and fleeing conflicts in iraq, syria and afghanistan. in greece international humanitarian agencies are stretched to their limit. they say they are not getting enough help from local authorities and we report from the island of cos. >> reporter: the sea front in cos at the height of the holiday season has become a refugee camp. tourists may have lingered here for the view, they don't
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anymore. outside the police station frustration rises by the day. those with more claims like syrians fleeing civil war are given priority and processed fairly quickly, others fend for themselves. >> thank you, thank you. >> reporter: international agencies are trying to help speed up a process that is grindingly slow but say they are getting little help from the local authorities. >> we have offered to the municipal authorities our support and we can provide tents and we can provide services. >> how quickly? >> we can provide it very quickly but we need them to provide us a site where we can put the tents. >> so the greeks are dragging their feet? >> let's say we haven't received a positive reply yet. >> reporter: this is what passes for formal accommodation an abandon hotel with meager facilities. >> contagious and infectious
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diseases, we are facing diseases that are coming from their countries with malaria cases and some typhoid and some t.b.s. >> could the authorities be doing more do you think? >> they could help a little bit more, a little bit more. >> how long have you been here? >> 20 years and 5 days, 15 days or 20 days. >> in that time have you had any help, any support? >> no, everything is very bare here. >> where do you want to go? >> want to go to germany. >> germany? >> yes. >> germany. >> germany. >> reporter: there was a day when multiple nationalitys gathered around this pool, germans, dutch and britt i and come from nigeria and mali, pakistan and afghanistan, the hotel captain offers holidays from hell. back on the coastal strip the
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restaurant people complain the refugees have driven business away. in the mayor's office there seems to be a reluctance to offer more practical assistance and the tourists meanwhile walk on in search of a place to eat with a better view. al jazeera, cos. greece's ruling party has split, 25 members of parliament say they will form their own movement and dissent since the leader accepted a bailout program with eu creditors. that will lead to more austerity measures and the split is hours after he resigned and call for new elections and john has more from athens. >> reporter: approximately two dozen members of parliament from the party have broken away from the prime minister's line and said they will form a separate far left wing group. they have said that this is going to be called the consolidated antiausterity front
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or united antiausterity front and this is a play on words because it is an echo of the commonist resistance during world war ii which after the war fought all civil war against national forces and that was called the national freedom front. there is no coincidence here, the far left wants the name of its new party to sound like the continuation of the commonist fighting formations of old. it wants to suggest to voters that they are the true leftist and true inheriters of the ward war two communist generation and will carry the torch forward against austerity, in this case in the upcoming election. >> reporter: we will take a quick break but stay with us on al jazeera and when we come back a bitter pill to swallow, the
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european union says no to hundreds of generic drugs from india. and surrounded by sewage, why these people in south africa are forced to live in dangerously unhygieneic conditions. ♪ >> now, new cutting edge technology that could help prevent future disasters... >> the system has really evolved. >> and what it means for new orleans. >> our big take away is new orleans is on a good track, but the job is not done here. >> techknow investigates 10 years after katrina.
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♪ hello again and top stories on al jazeera, north korea says it ordered troops to be ready forward with south korea after exchange of artillery fire and the south put the military on highest alert level.
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police in macedonia fired on people trying to cross the border from greece and declared a state of emergency on the southern and northern borders on thursday and 42000 entered the country in the last two months. greece party split, 25 members of parliament say they will form their own government and comes just hours after alexis tsipras resigned as prime minister and call for new elections. the syrian army says an israeli air strike killed one of its soldiers and left several injured and responding to rockets fired in northern israel and golan heights and blames the islamic but say the government is also responsible. 15 people have been killed in government air raids over eastern aleppo in syria. medical sources told al jazeera the planes targeted a town in the aleppo countryside. it's under i.s.i.l. control and
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a regular target. but opposition activists say the syrian government is targeting civilian neighbors. 1500 people died when rockets filled with gas struck the syrian town and the government denies being behind the chemical attack and survivors are worried they will never get justice and we have the story. >> reporter: the dead and the dying. there was no blood on their bodies, no visible injuries. the attack was different than what syrians had seen before. rockets carrying chemicals landed in the damascus suburb in the morning of august 21, 2013. >> it took like seconds before i lost my ability to breathe. i wasn't able to breathe or even to scream to alert my friends so i have to like pound my chest really hard just to try to take a single breath. i felt like somebody was tearing
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up my chest with a knife. >> reporter: he survived, hundreds of others didn't, two years later he has a new life in the united states but he remembers that day clearly. >> it was a scene from judgment day. dozens of people, men, women, children, running and falling on the ground, sophisticated. the terror, the confusion. it was something unbearable. i just didn't know what to do. >> reporter: he did, at the time he was a photographer working in syria and wanted to document the evidence of a crime he believed the world should see. >> i asked the doctor about what i need to know so he showed me, he showed me the dark, the dark of the color that had been changed. the eyes and things coming out from their mouth. >> reporter: even though he covered the war for many years he says he cannot forget what he saw that day. >> i'm a war photographer and
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for me to see a dead body with blood it's normal. when you see them the first thing you think they are sleeping. then you realize after like one or two seconds your reality becomes facing what is really going on after the shock. >> reporter: reality faced years before and an activist where he filmed the suffering of people who continued to live under siege and since the attack he tried to raise awareness at the u.n. and u.s. congress but says it has all been in vain. >> honestly i feel like i did nothing. i feel like after all this talking all the people that i met, not just me like thousands of people here felt like there is no hope. >> reporter: the u.n. did conclude that gas was used in the attack but didn't have the mandate to blame anyone, there is now a new resolution to investigate chemical attacks in syria but attacks before april 2014 won't be included and yet
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again denying justice to the people here. dana, al jazeera, beirut. australia is considering a request from the u.s. to carry out air strikes against i.s.i.l. in syria. australia is already involved in an air campaign in neighboring iraq and tony abbot has legal issues in the country's involvement in syria and also says he will carefully consider the pentagon's request, decision expected in a few weeks. now the speaker of brazil's lower house of congress and a former president have been charged in the country's largest corruption scandal. he is accused of taking a $5 million bribe on contracts linked to state oil company. he is the first sitting politician to be charged in the multi-billion dollar bribery scandal. ♪ on thursday thousands of supporters and opponents of the president marched across the country and approval rating is
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at an all-time low. unemployment is the highest in five years and the economy is sliding into recession. and we have more now from rio. >> reporter: people here came out in support of the president, not necessarily because they see she is doing a good job as the leader of the country but many of the banners and stickers say no to the coup because they think what is made by the opposition really amounts to destroying the democracy in this country. they are also calling for edward to step down, he is a speaker of the lower house, once a political ally of the president and in a few months waging against inside congress and he has also been indicted in this scandal surrounding this oil giant that has galvanized the
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country. >> translator: marvelous he has been charged and we can change the power and for us it's very important so the government can start working for the interest of the poor. >> reporter: even though they are no match to the anti-government protest the people here are a cross section of society. now many would tell you this country has been through a difficult time during the military which was not so long ago so they say unless he is proven and legally guilty of something then she should be allowed to finish her term and anyone who wants to oust her shun run in presidential election in 2018. haiti elections about to be reheld in 20% of districts and violence during the first round on august 9 left two people dead, dozens of voting centers were forced to close and a
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reetvote will be held in late october. jimmy carter is being treated for cancer. the 90-year-old reflected on his life and his future in a frank and open news conference to discuss his resent diagnosis. patty reports. >> reporter: former u.s. president jimmy carter has not shied away from criticism since leaving the office and offering strong reviews on allies, that continued as he briefed the press on his cancer diagnosis saying in the time he has left he would like to see peace between israel and palestine but he won't. >> right now i think the prospects are more dismal than any time i remember in the last 50 years despite the whole process. the government of israel has no desire for a two-state solution which is the policy of all the other nations in the world and the united states has practically no influence
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compared to past years in either israel or palestine. >> reporter: he did say he would like the last guinea worm to die before he does and he had great success combatting, a tiny parasite found in water is being killed off and facing melanoma that spread to his brain the former president was sureen about his prospects. >> i thought i had a few weeks left but i was surprisingly at ease. i've had a wonderful life. i've had thousands of friends and i've had an exciting and adventures of existence and i was at ease much more than my wife was. >> reporter: that was his greatest accomplishment of marrying his wife 69 years rose lynn and what he wished he had done differently is regarding the u.s. hostages in iran.
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>> i wish i sent one more helicopter for the hostages and i would have been reelected. and that may have interfered with the foundation of the carter center. if i had to choose between four more years and the carter center i think i would choose the carter center. >> reporter: a center for decades promoted peace, human rights and better health across the world. the former president says he will now focus on his own beginning treatment soon after leaving the stage saying he is not angry or sad but grateful and looking forward to this new adventure. patty with al jazeera, washington. sri lanka has been sworn in as prime minister and won 106 seats in monday parliamentary election and 7 short of majority but made a deal with faction of the opposition group to build a coalition government. peru congress passed a law allowing the military to shoot
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down any aircraft suspected of smuggling drugs and the policy was ban in 2001 after the army fired at a plane carrying missionaries and an american woman and baby were killed and the top cocaine producer according to u.s. state department and maul small planes transport tons of cocaine abroad. 700 generic medicine made in india will be ban in the eu from friday. the eu alleges that the clinical trials for the drugs were manipulated. india's pharmaceutical industry is considered the world's third largest and exported $15 billion worth of medicine last financial year and $3 billion drugs went to europe and the industry body in india say it will cost businesses $1.2 billion and india has respond to the ban by referring talks on a free trade deal with eu and we have more from new deli.
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>> reporter: india's multi-billion drug industry has been hit by a ban on 700 generic drugs and eu regulator alleges that clinical trials on the drugs are manipulated and the drugs will be ban in all 28 member states until retesting can be done and generic manufacturers say banning all the drugs based on a technical issue is unfair. >> have already done so much of the work on those molecules, they should be given and analyzed in another lab. >> reporter: even if and when that happens those in the generic drug industry say the damage to their reputation has already been done. >> i say we lost perspective buyers which we could have got as a contract manufacturer. secondly we talk about companies or small indian companies like us we will face a lot of difficulty. >> reporter: the fear is the bad reputation could spread and
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affect sales in other countries including the luke tiff lucrative u.s. market and drugs ban by the eu are widely available here and other countries and local manufacturers are asking the indian government to do what it can to lift the ban but this whole issue goes beyond a single industry and effecting negotiations for a free trade deal between the eu and india. india has cancelled talks that were set for the end of august in response to the drug ban. further stalling the free trade deal that was supposed to be signed last year. this trade-ex period of time and former government consultant says the free trade deal has been delayed over issues of human rights and trade protectionism and the drug ban will slow negotiations even more. >> this is a main exporter and the point at some point the indian side will say what is the point of going through the fda anyway. >> reporter: india is saying
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it's willing to wait to ensure the major industries get the best deal and trade analyst say the drug ban may end up being a case of bad medicine pushing india to focus on trade-in other parts of the world, al jazeera, new deli. some areas of south africa are facing a sewage crisis with rivers of waste flowing through several communities. many of its treatment plants are not coping with the increased demand and that is causing a smelly and unhydrogenic problem for people living nearby and tonya page reports from dennysville. >> reporter: it's filled to the brim and operating at double capacity because it has not been up graded to handle the number of people living here and it's pumped on the road forming a wide, shallow river with a dump and people's homes and dead animals and some living float
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by. cows have been wallowing in it and nearby people are trying to make a living recycle rubbish and worse by the health hazard. >> we are going through the water. >> reporter: it flows through farmland to the dam and the water is treated before being supplied to 10 million consumers and half of the municipalities around the dam it contains unsafe levels of e.coli bacteria. >> we need to fight because constitution and human rights being violated here. >> reporter: in a government order of south africa 824 sewage treatment plants roughly half failed the inspections and 30% were ranked critical. although the picture looks dire overall the government says the water and sanitation situation is improving.
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>> even though we are looking and seeing progressive up ward movement but we cannot be satisfied that we are where we need to be. what kind of assistance do they need and what is it we need to do. >> reporter: a planned upgrade of the plant can't come soon enough. these cows are eating grass that is growing in the dirty water, the overflow from the sewage treatment plant but activists say what is worse is there are plans to replace the cows and farmland with 2 1/2 thousand new homes to put more families like these in harm's way, her backyard is regularly flooded by sewage and she has photos to prove it. >> they will come and fix this pipe but they don't do anything. >> reporter: while the government insists its doing something progress is too slow for family whose have to walk past pools of sewage everyday, tonya page, al jazeera, at the
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dam, south africa. and reminder there is of course plenty more on our website, al get the latest on all the stories we are following there and for news of the united states "inside story" is next, for every one else a round up of the international headquarters. for every 10,000 americans, 20 have no place to live. across the country that homeless population would be big enough to fill the state. in good economic times and bad, the number of homeless is difficult to push down. what drives the loss of shelter and works in getting a roof over people's heads and keeping them housed.