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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 28, 2015 12:00am-12:31am EDT

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dozens killed after a boat carrying refugees capsizes off the libyan coast you're watching al jazeera. live from our doha headquarters. coming up in the next half hour, human rights watch says civilians are maimed by cluster bombs used in yemen's civil war the campaigners who won't stop until nigeria's missing girls are returned home. and we revisit the u.s. city of new orleans, 10 years after
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battered by hurricane katrina a boat filled with refugees sunk off the coast, killing dozens of people. it overturned off sure, with several hundred refugees on board. some of the bodies have been recovered. an official said many passengers were trapped in the hold as the cargo capsized. this is a major launchpad for smugglers taking refugees to italy. the growing number of refugees headed to europe is the focus of a meeting between european leaders in austria's capital. it was highlighted by the discovery of 50 bodies in a truck not far from the venue. barnaby phillips reports. >> reporter: it looks like nothing out of the ordinary, a trub parked on a motor way lay-by on a busy road leading into vena, this is the scene of
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a crime. when police approached this abandoned strike. the driver was nowhere to be seen when police approached the vehicle, the driver was nowhere to be seen, they saw blood seeping out of the back. they were overwhelmed by a terrible smell. inside they found the decomposing bodies locked in. and suffocated. we don't know the country of origin, counting them is a slow gruesome task. >> translation: how many people were in the truck at this point in time i can't tell you, we fink it may be more than 20 people, 20 to 50 transported in the truck, and all the people have died. it's likely they are refugees, and highly likely they are people trafficked from east to west. >> reporter: the summit in vienna was likely to be dominated by the refugee crisis, the latest tragedy drought an urgency to the taxes you. -- to the talks.
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>> translation: we are very much shaken by the news that up to 50 people lost their lives in a situation where criminals facilitated illegal border crossings did not care about them, even though they were on their way to places they thought would be safe. it admonishes the need to tackle and solve the issue of migration and the spirit of solidarity, there are more refugees than ever since the second world war. the austrian and german chancellors want to move to a quota system, whereby european union countries commit to taking in certain numbers of refugees according to size and economic capability. such a system, says angela merkel, would be fair. certain e.u. countries such as denmark and u.k. say they'll have nothing to do with european refugee quotas. the plan for quotas was first suggested by the european commission back in may. at this summit e.u. officials
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called for governments to have the courage to take difficult political decisions. >> these people come to europe, and come to europe to for protection. they need europe to protect them, and we need to live up to our standards of human rights and respect of international obligations to protect them. we need a european approach. everyone says so. >> the leaders also discussed ways of helping the boarder -- balkan countries to cope and stay in the country of origin, that's a long-term solution, there's no immediate remedies to the crisis meanwhile, late on thursday night hundreds of refugees were rescued by the swedish coast guard and taken ashore to a
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sicilian port. bodies were found in the hull of a boat. it's believed they breathed in toxic petrol pupils. >> head of a military task force said military operations need to be step up to tackle the influx of refugees. it needs to be discussed at a meeting in luxembourg. a summit will increase patrol ships, and search and diverting vessel suspected of smuggling migrants. e.u. military operation launched in june gathered intelligence. a political analyst finding a tripoli think tank, and explains why libya is unable to solve the issue of human smuggling. >> there's two big changes. the security approach and apparatus is disorganised and in
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chaos. the important is there's two groups of countries, final destinations, and transit zones. they emerge and are like italy. transit zones, you come to the southern border. libya doesn't feel or the politicians don't feel they want to pick up europe's bim, and pay for a -- bill, and pay for a problem net don't feel the problems of migration with. they fill the problems of civil war. >> they don't have the economics or political will to deal with this. they have hundreds if not thousands of groups. under the auspices of trafficking and economics human rights watch is accusing the saudi-led coalition of killing dozens in yemen with illegal cluster bombs. seven attacks are said to have taken place in a province in the
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north-west of saudi arabia. >> reporter: more victims of the war in yemen. according to human rights watch, they were injured by attacks using cluster bombs they are mostly from a yemeni province on the northern border with saudi arabia. >> we were together, and the rocket hit us. it exploded in the air and cluster bombs fell out of it. before we left the house, two submunitions fell down, others spread all over the village. my cousin and i were wounded. >> human rights watch teams travelled to many areas in northern yemen and met with victims. unexploded cluster bombs littered the area. children especially are high risk of being maimed or killed. by the bomblets.
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three brothers were killed, two children, an adult. it hit us while we were sleeping. we were all wounded, including my brothers. i can't walk, hands were burnt. bones were broken. >> cluster submunitions are inaccurate. they are designed to target a wide area. here, many people were said to have been injured, as they travelled through the region. >> we have found evidence that ground-launched cluster-munition rockets have been used in attacks against seven locations in northern yemen. most likely the rockets were launched from saudi arabian territory. suede official didn't confirm or deny the use of bombs. >> it's a large family of weapon. you can't talk generally, but we can talk specifically about what the human rights watch published in their reports. most of the report tack about it, but we don't visit the
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village, and unfortunately they get information through the houthis. >> the kingdom of saudi arabia repeatedly said it would stop the military campaign when it is confident that the shia houthi rebels no longer pose a threat to the internal security. this is a skud missile fired by houthi forces into saudi arabia. the saudi arabia army said the ballistic missile was destroyed in the air. fighting has intensified along the kingdom's 1,800km border with yemen. the houthis backed by troops loyal to former president say they'll fight for as long as it takes. at least six people have been killed in the ongoing conflict between turkey's government and kurdish separatists. three died when p.k.k. fighters attacked a military base near the syrian border.
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three others were killed near iraq. fighting intensified since a ceasefire between turkey and p.k.k. fighters in northern iraq ended in july. >> it's been 500 days since boko haram abducted nearly 300 nigeria schoolgirls. 57 managed to escape. the fate of the others is unknown. campaigners are back on the streets, drawing attention to the bring back our girls appeal. ynonne ndedge reports. >> this woman's's daughter is one of the 119 missing schoolgirls. she refuses to give up hope. she is bitter at the nigerian government. >> the government responded very slow. it is if these girls own biological daughters. they don't care about them. they don't care about the poor, else we want the government to do something. we don't want anything from them, but our girls.
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>> reporter: this woman is leading the march, at the forefront of a campaign to put pressure on the government to rescue the girls. >> there's 219 girls out there, waiting to be brought back home. we cannot afford not to continue this. one of the programs we ask ourselves every day we are here, when do we stop. we say not until the girls are back. not without our daughters, we may not have carried them in the womb. but they are our daughter. the girls have not been seen since they appeared in this boko haram video last year. the new president says the government will not stop looking for them. >> there has been intensified intelligence gathered, recognising us. in a given location in the north-east. i think in the past the government contended with
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intelligence. that was very thorough. i think we are getting into something deeper, clearer and more specific. >> reporter: the president met with them to reassure them the government is doing everything possible to bring the girls home. the government says it can't tell relatives or campaigners whether it knows if the girls are alive or were they might be. every day the girls are missing, parents and relatives are losing hope of seeing them again more coming up on al jazeera. when your home is a battle ground. south africa's government - how they are helping women trapped in abusive relationships balloons at the center of london's art scene comes with a
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french twist. french twist. this city. >> inspires a community to rebuild its city. >> we gonna bring this city back one note at a time. >> and overcome hard times in the big easy. >> we are bigger, we're better, we're stronger.
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you're watching al jazeera. a boat filled with refugees sunk off the libyan coast killing dozens. it overturned killing several hundred refugees on board. in austria dozens of refugees have been found dead. the discovery overshadowing a meeting in vienna between leaders to discuss the refugees
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crisis. >> human rights watch is accusing the saudi-led coalition of killing dozens with cluster bombs. it is th to have taken place it in the north-west of the country it's been 10 years since t hurricane katrina devastated new orleans. president obama met with some of the residents. a decade on, many have not returned to their damaged homes, the city faces challenges. >> we came to realise and start outed as a natural disaster became a manmade disaster. a failure of government so look out for its own citizens. >> and the storm lay bear to a greater tragedy, cities like
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northerly your, were plagued by structural inequalities, leaving too many people, poor people, people of colour without good jobs, health care and housing. >> andy gallagher has more. >> i think it's the tone of president obama's speech that people will remember, he was here five years ago and made a zeneric speech about progress. he addressed issues with the african-american community, talking about the lack of jobs and houseing. 100,000 african-american never came back to new orleans post hurricane katrina. he addressed the issue concerning a great many people. progress has been made. a burgeoning film industry, biotech, tourism is back to the pre-katrina numbers. many. african-americans, and poorer
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members are suffering. rent prices rose. the fact that they talked about these things is well accepted. fixing the problems may take longer. money and wealth is pouring in. there's a huge health gap, and it may take 10 years for the gap to close. >> the u.s. state of washington is in the midst of a record firefighter season. international firefighters have been brought in to help battle blazes. >> reporter: it started in late june. the dozens of fires attacking the u.s. state of washington has grown so large that dozens of fire-fighters are struggling to contain the flames, that's why hep is brought in, so far away as new zealand and australia. >> thankfully it's not our fire season, in australia there's only one fire of significance.
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>> reporter: they are battling a record system scorch, more than 4,000 hectares of land in the united states, and is yet to be contained. >> this is driven by the dry, dry fuels. the rugged terrain, weather, wind making for extreme behaviour. >> the fires burnt to a few kilometres south of the border. southern interior residents in the canadian province are on alert for fear of high winds, dropping showers of hot embers on homes. in washington state, hundreds of thousands of u.s. residents have been ordered to leave. >> a lot of people are in shelters. >> a congressional hearing is held in washington state to discuss how to finance the high cost of battling the fires, the state's governor has damaged. the estate known for his beauty. >> we hope the wind doesn't do
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what we think it will do. >> nature is not cooperating. with human efforts to distinguish the fires, they are expected to get worse from tinder dry conditions, high winds and warm temperatures hundreds of people marched through mexico city, demanding justice for 43 mying students. -- missing students. >> the students disappeared in the south-western state of guerrero, almost a year ago. it's a rallying point for mexicans frustrated by gang violence and the slow pace of justice. staying in mexico in the country, it is playing host to the first international summit on state arms. officials from more than 100 countries are attending the talks aimed at regulating a weapons business. john holman reports.
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>> reporter: guns long flowed into mexico from u.s. borders. so many programs have been run to exchange them for cash or toys. that makes is a place to start talks. officials from 121 countries flew into the resort town of cannes can. >> translation: we are ensuring guns don't reach the wrong hands. it's important progress. >> reporter: the aim - to hammer out details making an already existing international trades treaty operational. those include empowering a secretariat, enforcing transparency on deals from handguns, tanks, fighter planes and war ships. >> the arms trade treaty, the promise of a peaceful world. i command those estates that are promoting comfortable transfers. >> reporter: the hope is it will
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increase violence in areas like syria, iraq, south sudan and mexico - which are chairing the talks. memories are fresh of us authorities allowing a huge number of arms to pass into mexico to see where they went. it backfired. a number of people died. and an example of what the treaty is looking to prevent. the biggest challenge is to persuade countries to be transparent about exports of weapons, not easy in an area cloaked in secrecy guatemala's attorney-general is urging the president to step down to avoid destabilizing the country. thousands marched on otto perez's palace, causing him to resign. david mercer has more from guatemala city. thousands have been filing into
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guatemala's central park in a show of force against corruption and the government. in particular here, people are calling for the president to resign. now, the president has been caught up in a multi-million corruption scandal that brought down his vice president. on friday, the country stds attorney-general put in a request to the court to have the president impeached for alleged involvement in the same multi-million corruption scandal. people say that they are tired of the corruption, and need to have a splits call change. now u the protests are taking place against the bagged of elections, taking -- background of elections taking place in guatemala in a week's time. they say the president's resignation would provide them with a start for change that they are hoping for. >> thousands of students marched through the streets of chile's capital. they are protesting delays in
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government plans to overhaul the education system. daniel schweimler reports. >> these students are a regular part of the chilean political landscape. demanding fundamental change to the education system. saying it is unfair and should be free for all. wealth pay to send children to exclusive schools and universities, the less worthy sending children to public schools, for which they have to pay. they are underfunded, with poor facilities, and several are in senior positions appointed during the dictatorship from 1973 onwards. the marches result in clashes between the police and the protesters, this was no exception. with tear gas and water canons used and protesters throwing stones. the government is saying with commodity prices falling, it doesn't have the money to
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implement changes that students are asking for. it seems that with negotiations moving slowly, the marches are likely to continue for some time to come. >> a 24 hour call center in south africa is providing counselling for victims of domestic abuse. the country has one of the highest rates of violence, with one in three in an abusive relationship. we have the story from johannesburg. >> reporter: this is jenny, it's not her real name, we are protecting her identity. with nowhere to go, she came to the women's shelter for help. >> at this time, very emotional. i had to do it for my son. >> reporter: jenny
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suffered years of physical abuse and needs counselling to discovery. south africa has one of the highest abuses of women by men. a call center has been set up for victims of domestic violence and allows. bus -- and abuse. >> reporter: since the center opened it has received many calls. the center employs dozens of social workers available 24 hours a day. >> it changes pt way we deliver social work. we never had social workers giving counselling over time. true, we recognise that technology can play a vital role in delivery all social services. including gender based violence. >> there are concerns that some abuse victims are afraid to ask
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for help. south africa's minister of women's affairs says they need to be at change. >> the change is the issue of the mind-set. to what extent we are moving forward to making sure there's a change of attitudes, mind-set, that it's okay within the continent. >> now laws protect women, there are concerns about how they are enforce said. >> when women are killed every die, some are killed with protection orders. we need a dialogue about how different police stations, how do they fail women in the country. >> for women such as jenny, until her partner respects her rights, the shelter will be her home. here is one for the art
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enthuse casts. london's convent garden is a the site of an art installation, consisting of 100,000 white ban ons. it's part of a series in which white balloons are used to fill space. the artist speaks about why london was chosen as a first public display outside of his home france. >> i'm used to do this for my heart. this installation is a metaphor of a huge earth, and thanks to the huge earth, i have created a bridge with the past. i wanted to connect people with the past and refresh memories. >> every year we try to bring a bit of culture to covent gardens, it is surrounded by art, culture and performance. it's parts of its d.n.a.
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what charles is able to do is by his art installation is marry the contemporary with the historic. >> it takes five days to inflate the balloons, and four nights to aim at something like 100,000 balloons. i don't count them, of course. i have put a light inside - like the rhythm of a heart. when i have been contacted by covent gardens to come and discover the space with a new high to find an idea the could be interesting in this place. >> it's a little strange, different. it's cool. i like it. it's kind of beautiful. >> it reminds me of a bit of thunder or lightening coming out of the cloud.
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>> everyone will flock around wondering "oh, my goodness, what is this", it is actually, amazing. you can get the latest news and analysis on the website, including our ongoing series on the desperate journeys of refugees. kind of get to the point where it just comes second nature "america tonight"s lori jane gliha meets a woman determined to change lives for gays and lesbians on the island nation journey. >> i didn't know what i saw, i knew it was not bad. >> "amera