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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 28, 2015 5:00pm-6:01pm EDT

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>> welcome to the news hour. this is what we're looking at for the next 60 minutes. hungarian police have arrested four people after the bodies of 71 refugees were found in the back of a truck in austria. the flow of refugees continue acros to cross into budapest. the new fighting force of yemen looking to recapture territory from the houthis. barack obama tries to seal the
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iranian nuclear deal with the u.s. jewish community. [singing] and hope for children in nigeria offer the balance to boko haram. >> hello, i'll have your latest sport. aries merritt wins championship just days before receiving a new kidney. >> the highlighting of the continent's growing refugee crisis. these are things that we've learned the last 24 hours. 71 refugees were found on an austrian motor way.
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100 are missing after a ship sank off the coast of libya. here in belgrade the refugees right down to the small ones, the youngdowns fighting among themselves for food and for water. and as the refugees continue flooding over the border from serbia, hungarian police say they have now arrested 21 suspected human traffickers in budapest. well, we begin this news hour with a report from barnaby phillips in austria. >> the remains of the bodies are being driven away for autopsy, but we already know that the 71 people who were crammed into the back of a track must have suffered an agonizing death. probably by suffocation. and the police can only look for scraps of evidence as to who they were. >> of course, we're sure that these people were refugees, and more precisely were probably a group of syrian refugees. >> austria is a transit country
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for people hoping to reach germany, but it's also become a destination in its own right. the number of asylum seekers this year already the number three times of 2014. this is outside of vienna, the streets are full of people from the middle east and africa, somalia, nigeria, iraq, afghanistan, and, of course, syria. here with his wife and five children, fled here. >> we come here to find nice people, good people. they give us food, medicine, very nice people in austria. >> this extraordinary wave of new arrives has provoked sharp division in austrian society. ththey are expected to do well elections later this year, but
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we met austrians who come here specifically to help people in need. like katie, who has come with her boyfriend and mother to hand out clothes, toys, books, to whoever want them. >> i think it's the least we can do because these people have been through things that we can't imagine, and they have been through hardships. the least we can do is try to make it easier for them to be integrated, and make a new life. >> austria's government said that there must be a coordinated european response, to treat these people humanely, to determine who should have the right to stay, and to prevent more strategies at the hands of traffickers. >> in hungary a candle lit vigil has been held for those 71 people found dead in that track. it was near budapest station
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where more refugees are waiting to travel further into europe. >> in the wide open approach, one of budapest's main rail stations hundreds of people just doing what they can to get by, hoping that they can find some way into the e.u. states. they want to move to find sink aware and safety for a better life. now what has happened recently is that there has been a lot of people smugglers offering alternative ways to get into austria and germany. so many of the people may have papers but they only allow them to move around hungary, and they've taken off in this rim station. earlier there was really a mass gathering, a memorial for all those who died in the van in austria. landels were lit and a large number of people in front of the
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rail station. now they're back to normal living in the rough here. there are moves by the city authorities to move all of these people to a secluded area where they're enclosed really a flee market, and they'll be stopped from moving anywhere. this is another disturbing sign in this crisis in that the authorities here are coming down more heavily on the refugees and the migrants, and insisting that they can't move anywhere. so many people are managing to break free, get away, or take the awful risks of those people who died by getting into advance and paying smugglers to get across the border, and taking another risk. >> that was andrew simmons. more than 100 people have died after a boat capsized off the coast of libya on thursday, and the authorities are still looking for dozens who are missing in the waters near the western city of zuarawa.
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another tragedy. >> the mediterranean sea has become a dark reminder of people's desperation to escape violence, persecution. thousands have been killed crossing from africa to europe so far this year. in the latest tragedy an overcrowded boat sunk shortly after leaving libya. >> we're migrating. our boat sank. it was in bad continue. people died. the they saved us, it's called the route of death. the grave of the mediterranean sea. >> one of the many transit groups for people fleeing conflict and poverty and heading to europe. libya is struggling to cope. putting those who are rescued in overcrowded detention facilities. they're forced to live in poor
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conditions and they lack basic medical care. in another tragic i want a swedish vessel docked in palermo after rescuing hundreds of people from their boat drifting at sea, but thei there were those who were not so lucky. they were found in the hull of the boat. >> this is the first time for the swedish crew and the swedish ship, and unfortunately, it's one of many in total. >> the u.n. he is mates more than 2,400 people have died trying to cross the mediterranean so far this year. hundreds of thousands have made the crossing into europe so far in a desperate attempt to improve their lives. many are families traveling with children. the european union is still trying desperately to find a coordinated strategy to resolve this latest crisis. in the meantime the people do
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comment. >> so far in the news hour we've looked at central europe, and we've looked at north africa and southern italy. now to greece. lesbos is an island one of the major grate ways for families trying to get into europe, but there is little there to welcome them. local authorities have told al jazeera while they've been promised help by athens and brussels, they have been told they have to make due the best they can. >> the chief of staff explains that l, sbos island is sinking under the weight of refugees. >> how much help have you received?
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>> we have not yet received a single of euro. >> the municipalities is doing what it can with minimum resource and expertise to house and process refugee numbers a third of all arrivals anywhere in the e.u. every month. >> are you phoning your family? >> yes. >> he's talking with his family that he's safe and no problems until now. >> dishing out food in the camp, now feeding the recently stateless. it's not just the greek government, it is the european union. the european parliament, the ngos. where are the ngos. here there are only volunteers. >> when you look around you in this camp do you wonder if you made the right decision to leave syria? >> it's hard, it's very hard to leave our country, syria, great
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syria, but no, no, not a choice. it's the war. yes. and here we are safe. >> there is another camp, harder to find. it's run by the police, and we don't get inside, but we're told that the conditions are much worse. they refer to it as the detention center. that's what it was designed to be a detention center for illegal migrants who have been arriving in lesbos for years, hidden away in the hills like a dirty secret. >> what is happening now is quite different. an estimated 3,000 crossed the water from turkey in the last 24 hours. and there is no hiding them. not in the port or the public parks where they weight for ferries off the islands. not in the local cemetery where they lie in anonymous numbered graves. al jazeera, greece.
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>> let's go to washington, d.c. and bring in human rights watch. it is undoubtedly very difficult for an awful lot of european countries. it's very difficult for refugees trying to get there. do you think perhaps european countries are making too much of the difficulties they have given that only hundreds of thousands of people coming in to their countries when there are millions of refugees. in lebanon 25% of the population are refugee. certainly when you compare that to lebanon, the burden that each bears is strikingly different. not only that, but lebanon is a precarious country, politically and economically, and really this represents a real threat to the statement of the country
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itself. whereas europe really is--has a very strong foundation as a rule of law, and strong economy, relatively speaking, and has the capacity, what has not been able to do is to show a coordinated response in a rational sort of way, and to farm out responsibilities among the european member states, there are 28 of them, to basically make this a manageable problem as opposed to a crisis. >> isn't that a shameful position for a modern 21st century state, the european union to be in where they can't unify on something such as this. witnessing a great deal of human suffering. they're crying about the problems that they have. and the problems that the refugees have. >> absolutely. it it is something that the
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rescue committee, an organization working in the poorest corners of the world are working with water sanitation and makeshift camps. thithis is in the european union and makes no sense at all. they have mechanisms set up for emergencies. they set them up in times when there was not an emergency, and they have not taken advantage of the system that they system up for this crisis. >> we're seeing in many countries of europe, well, we've seen for years the word austerity used and the europeans themselves say that they're suffering some kind of hardship. so perhaps the reception of these refugees is perhaps understandable. >> well, it's understandable if you look narrowly at the
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countries that are on the outside periphery such as greece, such as bulgaria, such as malta, that by the structures that have been set up, the double lyn dublin regulation, the country is responsible to register them. this is unfair of the richer countries of the north and central part of the european union. the system has totally broken down, but it needs to be recognized and needs to be changed. there has to be more equitable sharing of what we have at the end of the day call a burden. >> why is it not equal across all of the countries? >> it actually should be. in fact, what is called a common
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european asylum system, which on paper means that bulgaria and greece and hungary share the exact same standards and procedures, reception conditions as sweden or germany. and yet when you look at the approval rates of these countries for asylum claims there is a great disparity between them not to mention the great disparity in the reception conditions between speeden and greece. >> thank you for talking with us from washington, d.c. thank you for your time. appreciate it. >> piles of rubbish, authorities are accused of moving rubbish somewhere else.
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a what happened when usain bolt was reunited with a cameraman who knocked him over. we'll have that later in the sport. >> big rallies involving thousands of iraqis on the streets. the capital of baghdad. they've been protesting about corruption and let's hear now from our correspondent who is in baghdad. ed. >> momentum is only growing, and so are the numbers of protesters. some of iraq's most powerful political parties, they have million of supporters in baghdad alone, said backing prime minister hyder al abadi's push for reforms.
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>> we need different message in iraq. this is very important to us, the valuation in baghdad is. maybe 50/50. >> people are no longer asking for better services. they can't corrupt officials to leave office and reform at the political system, and they say they won't back down. >> no one can stand in front of the iraqi people. >> but that won't be easy. abady has announced reforms but he has not reduced the number of government seats and cut spending. >> he's the prime minister and commander in chief. he has power in his hand, but he can't change things quickly because corrupt officials are in the government, and they are strong. >> this is being seen as one of the biggest challenges yet in post-war iraq.
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the power struggle among factions are now out in the open. this is not an anti-government protest, at least not yet. the people here are throwing their weight behind the prime minister hyder al abadi, who has promised reforms. but the challenges he face comes from within his ruling alliance. >> it would renight powerful forces against him. they're warning that politicians who will be hurt by the reforms won't give up the power and privileges easily. >> they should not divert them from their objectives. they may try to further their own interests. >> the protesters have made it a point only to display the iraqi flag. while this movement may overcome iraq sectarian divide, it is dividing the majority shia community, whose political and
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security factions have grown stronger than the state. al jazeera, baghdad. >> the u.s. president has been appealing directly to his country's jewish community trying to win support for the iranian nuclear deal. barack obama's selling the deal so congress does not try to kill it off. kimberly halkett reports. >> the u.s. president afield directly to jewish americans in an online web address that an agreement with iran is israel's and the regions best hope for peace. >> this deal blocks every pathway that iran might take in order to obtain a nuclear weapon. >> the online apole comes just weeks after israelis argued against the deal arguing that it
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would make the middle east less safe. >> this is a dangerous deal that threatens all of us. there will be more tax and more people will die. >> support for and against iran and the six world powers has deeply divided the u.s. jewish community. roughly 46% support the deal. 31% oppose with so many still under desided, major u.s. lobby groups like the american jewish lobby will try help the president close the deal. >> he's trying to overcome some perceptions that he's not favorable to israel and that he's not taking israel's issues in account.
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he'll continue to try to win over their support. >> if you have a group spending millions to try to oppose this, to try to stop it getting through, how will this help from the president and top levels one-on-ones from the vice president going to change anybody's mind in the long run? >> you know, this is more than what we saw tonight. we've seen president obama made a very important statement tonight. what is important is that this group feel that this won't work. they mistrust the regime that
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has been calling for their elimination for 36 years. president obama said something very important tonight. he said as an african-american i can identify with jewish americans who are worried about people who threaten them. from my background i can identify with your concern. this is something that has been missing. president obama seems to be bridging that gap, and i think that together with the fact that 70 former members of the israeli state signed the petition saying that the deal should be accepted, and together they will help convince more people that this is a good deal for israel. >> when kimberly laid out the figures, it appeared that 22% are still undeeded. if the president manages to sway them or if joe biden manages to sway them in favor of the deal, will they be able to exert
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enough pressure on their congressman to push it through? >> the jewish americans do have influence in their politics, and they're not the only ones. what is very important to know is that president obama, to highlight two things, and he did that very well tonight. number one, this is not just about trusting iran. this is about mistrust, and the other issue is that yes, we're here with iran and iranian politicians saying nasty things about israel and the united states, but what is more important is what we can do to stop the iranian nuclear program. this is not about stopping the rhetoric of iran but to stop the nuclear program from being a threat to the u.s. and israel.
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this is a point that needs to be emphasized more to get more support. the majority of the jewish group care more about the u.s. first and then israel. >> does it seem unpatriotic to support this deal? is this a patient being painted by those who are against it? >> not at all. in israel one of the good things about here, and believe you me we have problems, we actually, i find it easier to debate for the deal than i would in the united states. thein the united states they care very deeply for israel, but the majority of israelis mistrust the iranian regime because of the threats, etc. but
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we here we have--we can oppose government views on this, and a lot of people appreciate another point of view. what carries more weight than the voice of experts in israel is that people of israel find it extremely difficult to trust anything that the iranian regime does, especially after the denial of the holocaust. that there is a negative mind switch towards the irans. >> thank you very much. still to come on this program, the u.n. security council in south sudan's latest. environmentalists with industry
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and human consumption making the dead sea even deader. and crossing the golden gate bridge to honor their colleague. >> my life revolves around my kids becoming champions. >> i guess i just got tired of losing and then something just snapped. >> you know... concussions, fractured skulls. this is a scary situation.
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>> find out what happens when the gloves come off. >> go all out, make this a war. >> the highs and lows of kids' competitive sports. >> you can't go home wondering 'did i give it everything'.
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>> police have arrested four people after the discovery of 71 refugees in a truck in austria, including eight women and four children. 100 have decide and 100 missing from a ship off the coast of libya. >> well, activists in lebanon's capital calling for more demonstrations against the government this sunday.
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they're angry that authorities have failed the streets of mountain of rubbish. >> it would appear that the your i can crisis has been sold. at least from the upper class neighborhood. but after weeks of anti-government protests authorities appear to be trying to resolve the problem or at least make it go away. waste has been taken off the streets, but the question many have been asking is where to. since the mainland fill is closed. take a look at this. meter after meter, rubbish citizen far as the eye can see. one of the most famous sea
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fronts is lined with rubbish. surrounded by mountains and greenery from mountain lebanon, it is breathtaking, but that, too, is under threat. we're on top of one of the dozen mountains around beirut. lebanon's habitat is one of the things that attract tourists each year. i have to put on this mask because of what is in front of me. the smell is disgusting. just a couple of days ago the amount of rubbish here was three or four times as much. locals tell us some of it was burned. others claim that it was dumped into the sea. but the amount still here is huge, and this scene is replicated in other mountains around beirut. this is what is putting
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lebanon's environment and natural habitat at real risk. >> one of the activists calling on people to protest on saturday against the government's failure to deal with the rubbish. he's hopeful that saturday's demonstration will not only help resolve the issue, but usher in a new phase for lebanon. >> we want to show that them demand for something new. they can demand for their righ rights, and at the end of the day they don't have the basic standard the living. >> right now a solution has to be found to deal with the country's rubbish because the environmental damage that can be caused could very well be irreversible. al jazeera. beirut. >> government forces say that
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the country will eventually have a new professional army. opposition houthi fighters and army unities who have been loyal to former president ali abdullah saleh will be disbanded. here is more from hashem ahelbarra. >> they were mostly militiamen who took up arms in the south. now they have recruited to join yemen's new army. the country is known for being divided long tribal and sectarian lines. some of these trainees were forced to retire under former president ali abdullah saleh. there was inherent mistrust from southern yemen. there was fear that they might form a breakaway state. >> we formed this battalion just a few weeks ago right after we defeated houthi fighters and pushed them out of southern cities.
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the battalions have been formed of mostly civilians. >> president hadi's return to power depends on an army that is loyal to him. this is a gathering of tribal leaders, the province on yemen's border with saudi arabia. some of these tribal leaders had links with the houthis. now they're switching sides. they're joining with government forces to recapture the province of saada. >> we regret not taking up arms against the rebels in the past. now we'll shunt them and defeat them and seize their stronghold on saada province. [ gunfire ] >> but the new army has a long way to go. lacking training and resources it remains outnumbered and
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outgunned by the houthis. in the past few months many military units defected and joined the rebels. now there are two armies fighting for control. the one in the north is mostly shia. the one in the south mainly sunni, leaving a uncertain future. >> it's been a frustrating battle for al jazeera journalists facing retrial in egypt. their verdict was supposed to be announced earlier this month, but it was pushed back until august 29th. now the three journalists hope that it will be the end of their long struggle to clear their names. we have the latest. >> for the past 20 months these al jazeera journalists have been waiting to hear the words "not guilty." the egyptian judiciary now has another chance to deliver the
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justice they say they denver. mohamed fahmy, baher mohammed and peter greste spent more than a year of their lives in an egyptian prison. the men were arrested in december 2013. they were charged with aiding the now banned muslim brotherhood. last year the court sentenced them seven to ten years. then last january the court threw out their conviction and ordered a retrial. >> i'm just living day by day. i don't hope anything. i don't expect anything. >> in february peter greste was deported to his native australia. mohamed fahmy, baher mohammed were released on bail later that month, but they've been unable to leave egypt. they stay with their lives on hold. they're still serving a kind of sentence. >> what really matters is what it would mean for the other guys, there is still very serious danger that they could wind up back in prison. that for all of us would just be
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devastating. >> they have inspired a global campaign of support from grassroots to the highest tier of power. >> the issue of the al jazeera journalists in egypt, we've been clear publicly and privately is that they should be released. >> analysts have criticized the evidence against the men and called the entire court process a farce. there are six other al jazeera staff members who are being stride in abstentia. the verdict comes at a time we know those working in media in egypt are facing perhaps their biggest threat. the committee to protect journalists say that there are more journalists sitting in egyptian prisons than at any time since it began keeping track in 1990. >> i'll continue to fight for freedom for those who are behind bars and who are in desperate need for our support and help. >> but mohammed and his colleagues are hoping to clear their names first. >> the united nations security
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council has adapted a statement welcoming the signing of a peace deem in south sudan, but there is warnin warning that those involved have to stick to the agreement. they signed the deal on wednesday. the president was threatened with more sanctions if there are any violations of the deal. gabriel elizondo has more for us at the united nations. i'm guessing in the statement there were pretty strong words. >> there was. this was pretty much an endorsement of the peace deal, david, in a statement, the security council basically said that this piece deal was a first step in trying to reverse the difficult economic and humanitarian situation in south
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sudan, and it called on all sides to adhere to the cease-fire. >> the security council saying that they do endorse this plan going forward. >> gabriel, it's all very well to endorse the idea of these things, of peace agreements, transitional government, etc. but you got to have some ump if you want people to stick to it. what are they going to do about that? >> well, this all comes at a time that there was increased pressure by the security council against the government of south sudan to really sign this deal.
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there had been this past week an u.s.-led circulation that would have called for targeted sanctions and arms embargo if the president did not sign this deal. that sort of is the ump that you're refuge referencing. they said they could fully implement it, and onlookers coo say that's the case because the humanitarian situation remains to be very difficult. thousands killed since the conflict began in december 2013 of the 11000000 south sudanese many are facing food shortages, and 2 million people have been forced to flee their homes. >> yes, time will tell. thank you. and we may well see how effective or not the united nations will be. gabriel elizondo, thank you. hundreds of people have been out rallying in season's capital
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backing a government crackdown on colombian migrants. well, the crowd there pluses president maduro after closing a border crossing last week. venezuela and colombia have met over this crisis. the governor of florida has declared a state of emergency when tropical storm erika approaches. rescue crews are trying to reach isolated communities from the sea. brazil's economy is getting worse with another report from friday which means that the country is now officially in recession.
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a corruption scandal involving petrobras and president dilma rousseff. hundreds of orphans have been given a chance at a knew start. they've been able to deal with the trauma they experienced. >> this is what boko haram want them to have: an education. these children are orphans whose parents were among those killed by the armed group. there is school and home for now gives them a brand new start, but the transition has not been easy. >> we're trying to bring them
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out of the bad experience and help them forget about the bad experience. it is gradual, and they're coming out gradually from the bad situation. >> it's been six months since they've been here trying to adjust. >> the children here may be making progress, trying to be kids again. but most of them will lead with the trauma they experienced with the rest of their lives. some of them have seen what no child should ever see. >> many are still in shock. young boy was particularly sad. boko haram fighters decapitated his father in front of him. the traumatized boy says very little, and deters from the rest. he tells me that he wants to be a doctor to help people in pain. his adjustment to life has been particularly hard. the impact of boko haram vines are physical and psychological.
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he was struck in the face, and the four-year-old is having nightmares. the school run by the government has 100 children and more are expected. >> we take care of the children in this school. >> back at the school it's playtime. at least to help take their minds off of what they've been through. the teachers say that they keep asking when their parents will come for them, and when they're going home. al jazeera, nigeria. >> one of the world's most famous lakes is at the risk of drying up, the question being asked is can you bring a dead sea back to life?
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>> it's one of the most popular tourist destination in the region. the tea sea is shrinking rapidly. the ancient salt lake famous for its water and mineral-rich mud has been losing meters of water every year. they say that the decline of the dead sea and apparent indifference from neighboring governments is shocking. >> it's really one-of-a-kind in the world, and it should be international world heritage, but instead we're destroying it and it's being degraded day-to-day. >> the dead sea is shrinking because 70% of its natural water sources are being diverted by
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israel, jordan and syria for farming and drinking water. the remaining 30% of the deterioration is caused by potash mining operations. while the situation is worrying environmentalists, they're concerned about the hundreds of sink holes that has opened up around it since the 1980s. some are as wide as football feels swallowing up fields and power lines and resulting in the closure of nearby businesses and beaches. >> the drop in the level of the dead sea, and associated with that is the drop of the ground level. that causes the area previously within salty water to be flushed by fresh water. >> some projects have been lost trying to safe the dead sea. but environmentalists warn that
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it could take decades to repair the ecological damage, and until countries stop diverting the water that goes to the dead sea or stop mining, it will not happen. >> the fastest time recorded in 17 years.
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>> hello.
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>> david, thank you very much. the american hurdler who will undergo a kidney separation in four stay's time has medaled at the world athletic championships in beijing. taking bronze in the men's 110 meters hurdles. >> he said he was treating each race as if it was his last. aries merritt in lane three will receive his sister's kidney in a knew days time won the bronze medal in the hurdles. >> to get a bronze medal despite the kidney disorder and despite feeling completely exhausted, i'm just plastered right now. i feel horrible, but god ran my race for me. >> in the women's 200 meters the netherlands posted the fourth
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fastest time in history and the quickest in 17 years. the former athlete produced a stunning late burst to answering elaine thompson in 21.63 seconds. only marianne jones and florence griffin joiner has gone faster. >> i'm so very happy. i did it. but this time i came here for the gold, and this time i can't believe it. i need some time, i think. >> there was a surprise in the women's 100 meters hurdles after american nelson fell over in the semis and missed the finals, it was jamaican williams who took the gold medal in a personal best time.
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tense years later, bartoletta would take the victory. in china, lu hong and liuxinxin. and usain bolt was knocked over by the cameraman. he was offered a band as a peace offering. >> the united states a second with four goals just ahead of jamaica. usain bolt will hope to add to the tally on saturday. germany sailor said he has been treated for multiple infections caused by the rio de janeiro's pollute the oceans.
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he finished early earlier this month and is being treated in a berlin hospital. the case will be raised for th the 2016 rio organizers sailing federation. naming the 3 31 31 rugby club. one of eight players of the team, accused of the lack of colored players in previous springboks line ups. they are knicks game will be in japan th in september. >> barcelona in action on saturday. they take on malegap.
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the 23-year-old scored 29 goals last season. >> i saw him train very well. it's his normal situation for a player who has been away for two weeks. he trained very well. he was very good, and now we shall see. >> well, real madrid will look to get their season going a little later on saturday. rale will help for a draw. >> he has quality e he can dribble. he can play an one-two. he can run into space. he can do everything very well. we have to give him consistency. and he has to work towards that.
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we'll try to help him. i set him that goal, and he has agreed to score 20 to 25 goals and give assists. >> the former fifa vice president jack warner said he wants his trial to the united states to be completed before the trinidad and tobago elections. he was criticizing a decision to adjourn his trial before the contract of concacaf's appeared to court in the port of spain as he fights extradition to the united states. one of 14 wanted in america on charges ranging from bribery to racketeering. he denies the accusations. >> today is 93 days. i don't know why i'm charged. i don't know when these offenses were committed: 93 days, and they're asking for adjournment.
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i don't understand the urgency after 93 days. >> final grand san of the tennis season, the open getting under way in new york and last year's runner up looking good ahead of this year's event. the world number four will play in the semifinals of the connecticut home later. the dane booked her place by beating garcia in straight sets on thursday. 6-3, 6-love. the spaniard who heads the standing, it seems that lossy's level on point back in tenth. >> indy car drivers led a
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motorcade over golden gate bridge over justin wilson's honor. wilson's acciden death was caused by a freak accident where he was hit by fl flying debris from another car. >> the arthur of "the great escape" has died i. he was one of the few who made it home. there was just one other survivor left. i'll be back with more news in just a minute. e.
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>> four people arrested after the discover rif disry discovery of 71 refugees in a truck. 100 people rescued when a boat capsizes. 100 still missing. >> you're watching al jazeera. i'm david foster. coming up in the next 30 minutes. thousands in iraq hold rallies in the streets of baghdad condemning government corruption. president obama tries to seal the