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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 12, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EST

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the e.u. offers more than two billion dollars to african leaders to stop the flow of refugees coming to europe. hello. you're with al jazeera live from doha. kurdish peshmerga fighters say they've launched an offensive to retake the iraqi city of sinjar from i.s.i.l. australia and indonesia try to mend their troubled relationship. malcolm turnbull goes to jakarta. creating a buzz, how one of the
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world's smallest and isolated countries could save the global bee population. the e.u. has signed off on an agreement that creates a 2.2 billion dollar emergency trust fund for africa to help tackle the refugee crisis. they have been meeting in malta. what is this money exactly supposed to buy for the europeans? >> reporter: well, it's a sweetener, to be honest. that's not my opinion. that's what a senior european official described it to me last neat night as being. it is basically trying to get over the migration crisis is to appeal to african countries and say, look, if we give you this as an additional amount of money
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for economic development, then in return we expect you, they say this is legally binding, to help remove african economic migrants from the continent and help repat tree eight them into africa. they're wanting to send money back home and more managed migration, but this trust fund was always going to be the center piece from the european perspective of their offer, if you like, to africa and so it was signed one-by-one by european leaders in malta a short time ago. just before that when they arrived, you had the most polarised opinions you could see from some of the african leaders and some of the european leaders on what exactly europe demands and what africa really wants in return. some of the most notable came from the prime minister and then shortly after from the
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presidents of mijare. let's have a look to what they want to say. >> migration ask not a win win situation-- is not a win win situation from those countries where they come and arrive. it's a bad situation and we don't speak openly about it. we should change the language of the discussions and do not consider migration as a positive thing because it's totally against the impression of the european citizenss. >> translation: it's not enough, 1.8 biller euro is far from enough. we have requested our partners to participate more money and above that we don't just want aid, we want reform clearly there's a slight differing of opinion there, but what i'm wondering is whether the european union is making the distinction between refugees, african refugees, for instance, the second largest number of migrants to europe and others who are merely in search of a better life, economic migrants.
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>> reporter: i map, formerly they said they would. many apply for asylum in eerp get. i think the problem is for european leaders, public opinion inside europe doesn't make a distinction between legitimate asylum seekers and economic migrants. people just see them all, to put it bluntly, as being a burden. this is really the problem that the african leaders have with the european approach to this, when people speak about reform, what they really are saying is it's simply no good and far too narrow for europe to say here is a couple of billion euros, now take them all back. what we heard this morning is if you really expect africans to stay in africa and not try and seek a better life, there needs to be a better reconstructing of the economic balance between africa and europe.
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they talk about agory culture, because they feel that massive western corporations are undermining agory culture inside africa, but there's nothing on the table from europe around these things at all. from the african point of view, they fully expect people from afternoonry ca living in dire poverty, who europe would see as immigrant migrants, to see-- economic migrants would seek a life because it's legitimate to do that thanks for that. live in the maltese capital. kurdish peshmerga forces in iraq has taken the northern town of sinjar. recapturing this town will effective cut off the supply line between the i.s.i.l. strong holds of raqqa, which is in syria, and mosul in northern iraq, backed by the u.s. air led campaign over 7000 troops are battling the fighters. when sinjar fell to i.s.i.l.
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last year, tens of thousands of people from the religious minority were trapped after fleeing up mount sinjar. going live to the correspondant. this operation started in the early hours of the morning. >> reporter: that is absolutely right. that's when the ground troops began to move in. now, the operation is called operation free sinjar and it is taking place on three fronts, the south, the west and the east. the ofd is that they push towards the town of injar where i.s.i.l. are embedded. we've seen air strikes over night and heavy shelling going on from the kurdish peshmerga troops. they say they've taken at least four villages around the town of sinjar. they will use those village as a staging post to go into the town itself. now, the president of the region is on the front lines, he is monitoring. this is how seriously the
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kurdish peshmerga and the government here are taking this operation. if they get it done swiftly, if they get it down without too many casualtys it will be seen as a real success against i.s.i.l. but it won't be seen as iraqi success. sinjar is seen as kurdish territory. it is cutting off the main road between raqqa and syria, but mosul is seen as arab held territory. this for the kurdish is a very important step taking this town of sinjar. now, it might not happen today. it's probably likely going to take a few days of them to get into the outskirts of the town at this early stage, do we know anything about the kind of resistance that they're meeting? >> reporter: yeah. we also do. what the kurdish authorities have told us, that over a number of these towns and villages that they have taken before they go into the town of sinjar have gob booby trapped houses in there.
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they know there's a number of improvised devices, suicide car bombs, and so i.s.i.l. have been very well prepared for this offensive. they knew it was coming. they have rigged these houses with explosives. this is a tactic that they have used across iraq and syria. they make it very dangerous for any fairss to come in trying to take that territory thank you very much for now. myanmar military leadership has congratulated the opposition leader aung san suu kyi on winning the elections. results have put on her party on course to take power for the first time since the ends of 50 years of military rule. the australian p.m. is trying to reset relation whiz indonesia as he visits the country. it is his first over assess visit as prime minister. many is seeing this as a charm offensive after recent tensions.
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in the indonesia our correspondant. >> reporter: indonesia and australia love/hate relationship has a lot of work to do. it is now in a warmer place today. both leaders were at length to show that everything has been for gotten and everything, of course, is the executions that happened to two australians drug traffickers earlier this year. none of that was discussed during the meetings here. both leaders were stroling through the palace gardens behind map, talking very freely and at relax about the issues at stake, which are mainly the economy and trade and that's why indonesia was so keen to mend thinks relationship with australia because they want australians to come. turnbull is listening the largest trade delegation to indonesia more than 300 business people are visiting the country this week
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the russian president has ordered an investigation into allegations of doping against russian athletes. on monday an official report detailed allegations of russian state sponsored doping, extortion and cover ups. >> reporter: until now russian sporting authorities have remained defiant in the face of doping allegations, but with russia facing possible suspension from world athletics this weekend, the russian president has struck a more conciliatory tone. after meeting with sports chiefs, the president said russia must do everything possible to eraid indicate doping eradicate doping. >> translation: we must carry out our own internal investigation and unsheer it is the most open professional cooperation with international anti-doping organisations. here in russia we must do all we can to get rid of this problem. >> reporter: on monday the w.a.d.a. recommended russia be suspended from world athleticss,
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including the olympic games for repeated and systemic doping offences. it accused russia from running a state sponsored program. the report says there's' deep rooted culture of doping. it alleged that money was demanded from top athletes to bury medical tests which would have exposed the use of performance enhancing drugs. on tuesday the kremlin questioned the evidence before the respondent and the russian sports minister denied doping was endemic, but hours after the presidential's comments, new measures were announceed to cut down on doping. >> translation: we can improve the quality of testing. we want to consider tighting responsibility and maybe think about criminal responsibility and thirdly, we want to increase those responsibility to the federation. i can't >> reporter: the director of the anti-doping laboratory has resigned after being stripped of
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the lent's accreditation. the issue about banning russia is to be considered over the weekend we've got a lot more to come here at al jazeera, including seeking british investment in the world's fastest growing economy. india's p.m. is about to arrive in the u.k. a different class as south korean school is offering an an alternative in a country famous for its high-pressure learning.
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hello again.
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looking at the top stories here. european leaders have created an emergency fund of more than $2 billion for africa to help tackle the refugee crisis. african leaders says that amount isn't enough. their talks continue for a second day. kurdish peshmerga forces have launched a ground offensive to take the town of sinjar from i.s.i.l. recapturing this town will effectively cut off the supply long from the i.s.i.l. strong holds in syria and mosul in iraq. australia's p.m. malcolm turnbull is in indonesia in an effort to reset relations. despite execution of two australians for drug trafficking have strained ties recently. ethiopia is experiencing the worst draught in decades. the u.n. is warning that more than 50 million people will need
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emergency food aid by january and as charles stratford reports, the lack of rain has meant that the crop fields in the worst affected areas are down by 90% this year. >> reporter: this man harvest is ruined. every plant is dead he tells me. we have nothing now. he like hundreds of thousands of farmers in many parts of this country is the victim of a phenomenona that neither he nor his government is control. el nino. the hot winds originating in the pacific have wrecked the lives of millions of people across this region this year. the well he used no use dried up a few days ago because many people from surrounding villages had no choice but to use it. he sold one of his three cows to buy enough food to give one male a day to his children. hay says he has received no help from aid agencies or the
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government. >> translation: we have nothing to eat now, he says. we need food and water. in some parts, the livestock are dying. we spoke to one herd erred who said he has begun to receive food aid. he said that 40 of his cows had died and he only has five yet. >> translation: the cattle die first, he tells me. now has the draught is getting worse, goats and camels are beginning to die too. >> reporter: which is the worst draught to hit this country and other countries in the region in decades. the united nation says around 8.92 million people need emergency agency. they say that could rise to 15 million next year unless the international community step up with donations. the government says here that its emergency foot program is helping but it admits it needs urgent assistance. aid agencies tell us
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malnutrition cases in the area are rising, but they praise the government for what they say is the crisis management and fast reallocation of budgets money. the approximate 100 million giving by international donors is no we're near enough. they say they need five times as that in the next few months. we were told this is a very different situation from the 1980s when a draught compounded by political unrest developed into an fam ironings ne-- fanine. of the government is trying hard to save the lives of their citizens and relocating money from its budget. during the previous drought we lost a lot of lives and animals. now because of government's action and progress, we as a country are more resilient. >> reporter: for many people like this man struggling to feed their families, just how long
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can their resilience last. charles stratford health officials in the west bank say a palestinian man has been killed when undercover israeli forces stormed the surgery unit of a hospital. it happened at the hospital in hebron. the 27-year-old was shot five times when he tried to stop the israeli forces arresting his cousin who was receiving treatment. 81 palestinians and 10 israelis have been killed in a wave of violence since october. india's p.m. begins his first official visit to britain in a few hours. he is hoping to attract investment to india. mr modi will hold talks with his counterpart mr cameron before making a speech at the houses of parliament. more now from new delhi on what can be expected from mr modi's visit. >> reporter: decades of aid flowing from the u.k. to india,
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much of it to help reduce poverty will stop by the end of this year. the reasoning is given india's economic growth and technical logical advancements, such as sending satellites up into space and probes to mars, demonstrates it doesn't need help any more. it was said that aid from the u.k. was a peanut and not needed. in fact, p.m. u.k.'s visit will include signing trade deals with britain hoping to cash in on india's growth. many in india are fairly come foreladyable and confident that they will be able to fill the funding shortfall, but some here worry the new money from the government might become plight plight sized. while traditional aid may be ending, it will still be giving expertise in areas such as poverty reduction and clean burning energy afghanistan's government
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says at least 8 million children are enrolled in school, but activists argue that as many 70% of the schools on the official list are actually bog us or only have a fraction of the students they claim to have. in the last of our three part series, the forgotten province, jennifer glass reports on the gloeft schools. >> reporter: the children of the village say they want to learn, but their tent school in this tiny province is empty. they say they haven't been to school in weeks. >> translation: the teachers come two to three times a week, but they don't give us anything to stud. >> reporter: the teachers do, however, collect their salaries. the afghan human rights commission say there are hundreds of those so-called gloeft schools in this province. >> translation: i cannot say it's exactly 70 or 80% or more or less than that, but i can tell you the situation of education here is worrying. last year we monitored one
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district. out of 52 schools only three were working. >> reporter: in this area there is a padlock on the gate. no sign of learning here. there are supposed to be six or seven teachers and dozens of students. the chief says the salaries of the teachers are being paid. in all he says he has 22 ah,000 students in 812 schools and that none has been closed by violence, but he can't prove it. >> translation: because of security, we as education officials are not able to monitor and visit in order to control and make sure that teachers and students are actually at the schools. >> reporter: me says security isn't a problem at the two schools are visited that monitoring teams visit regularly. when we showed him our video of the schools, he couldn't explain why we found them empty. he blamed a lack of classs on irresponsible teachers and parents unwilling to send their children to school.
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that's not what the parent here says. >> translation: when we asked the teachers why are not you educating our children? they claim our children are not coming. when we send the boys, the teachers are not there. >> reporter: but the money continues to flow. teachers' salaries alone are about a half million dollars a month. no-one knows exactly where the cash goes, but there are widespread allegations, at least walmart of it ends up in the hands of taliban or other fighters through extortion or corruption. the schools that do have students are in areas that can be monitored like here in the capital, but elsewhere in the province thousands of children have no schools and no teachers. local education officials have known about the problem for years, but don't seem to want to do anything about it. jennifer glass. central afghanistan staying with schools, an exam that practically stops the whole of south korea in its
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tracks. the university entrance exam can open or close the door on future jobs, even marriage prospects. harry faucet reports now from seoul. >> reporter: it's the kind of excitement usually generated by kpop stars or actors, but these girls are greeting no one more famous than their older school natures arriving for the college entrance exam. >> translation: we think we should muster up more energy so that our senior classmates can have more energy. that's why we're cheering harder than for other schools. >> reporter: emergency services are on stands by to deliver late comers. for parents who spent small fortunes on tutors and countless hours coaching their kids through daily study, there's nothing left to do but pray. >> translation: my daughter studied hard. i felt bad watching her. i wondered whether the kids need to go through this, but the society is like this so she can get a good job and have a happy
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life. >> reporter: this is exam taking at the extreme sport and cost to the children and parents. opting out of this is almost unheard of. almost, but not entirely. a 90 minutes drive from here you find a school day starting like few others. morning assembly tending to vegetables to be made into food. conversations rather than lectures and sampling the season's first radish. this is a boarding school designed as an alternative to the high pressure learning that so dominates education in this country. >> translation: normal high school's focus on college entruants, i wasn't going to achieve a good outcome in that exam. i was interested in reading and writing. the school helped me. >> reporter: this type of education is very rare in a country of 11 thourngs schools just a few dozen define themselves as alternative. for the overwhelming majority of school children, study off at
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private schools goes on well into the nudists. south crown is top in achievement and come last in childhood happiness. >> it is not simply educational policy. it is part of culture. deeply rooted culture or values. >> reporter: outside a buddist temple in seoul they lay extra mass for parents to play. in a land dominated by so-called education fever, alternative schools like this one seem destined to remain isolated outposts. harry faucet the south crow's supreme court has upheld a lifetime sentence for the captain of the fer eau that sank last year killing more than 300 people. me was convicted of several charges, including murder.
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four other officials were also jailed. the fer eau sank off the south-west coast in april of the last year. the city of montreal has dumped untreated assuming into the st lawrence river. this has angered environmentalist. 8 billion liters is being released into this major waterway. it is expected to last ouch to a week. the mayor's office says it's necessary while work is carried out to replace ageing parts of the waste treatment system. in the u.s. wild fires in southern california continue to burn. the so-called brush fire is among several blazes still out of control. one of the fires has destroyed at least 20,000 acres. fire warnings are still in place in ventura and las angeles. a bee keeper on the small island in the south pacific thinks he
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could have the answer to one of the biggest problems facing global agriculture today. honey bees policy nature a third of the world's food but they're rapidly disappearing because of disease and modern farming techniques. drew ambrose has been to the remote island to find out more. >> reporter: east of the international date line newway is a small nation home to 1200 people. hidden away in the forest are hives of honey. the local bee keeper says these colonies are the cleanest bees in the world. >> 90% of people would like to see this. they would be envious of these ticking along. >> reporter: i'm not going to do that even with a mask on. that's crazy. andy is producing a range of organic honey products to fund his treatment. a pacific bee sank tree to come
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back deceases and mice playing the world's bees. he says this is the perfect climate to calm queen bees all the year around. >> you've got to get the right sized island. if you go too small, you can't get the scale up. if you go too big, it's too hard to manage with the transport and everything. this is the perfect sized size. >> reporter: the nearest country from here is 300 kilometres away, which is why a bee sank tree could work. the leader of newway supports the plan because it's a struggle to make money from ago angry culture here due to a small workforce and long shipping routes. >> if we need to borrow money for the process, we will. we're talking about the possibilities of becoming joint venture parts. >> reporter: critics say newway is cyclone prone and says the
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bees can be killed when expiffard overseas, but the company want scientists to come here to experience the buzz for themselves remember you can keep right up-to-date on the al jazeera website. cascadia. a gentle name but an impending threat. scientists chart a fault deep under the pacific that could devastate the northwestern u.s. first by earthquake, then tsunami. the data is in, the research is clear, so why is this major subduction fault largely ignored? >> this is "techknow". a show about innovations that can change lives.

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