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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  December 5, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EST

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an al jazeera exclusive, we meet the armed vigilantes aburundi who say they're protecting their neighborhood from random attacks. you're with al jazeera live from doha. also to come on the program. >> we are now investigating these horrific acts as an act of terrorism the fb asme says there's no evidence that the couple behind the mass shooting in california acted on instructions from i.s.i.l.
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thousands of south koreans take to the streets of seoul in anti-government protests. climate action day, pressure mounts on world leaders to come up with a binding plan to tackle climate change. we're live in paris. we start with a developing story after a raid on a home of a suspected fighter in tripoli. he had been wanted by the authorities for over a year. the taking part in fighting in tripoli between supporters and the presidents of syrian government. some members of the security forces were injured in the incident. the director of the islam institute for public policy and
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he says this is the latest incident in a long-running conflict. >> there are pockets of these groups all across north to northern eastern lebanon. a decade ago they were out in isolate camps in the mountains, and now they're in the poorest areas of tripoli. recently they have been hooked up and in the iraq war some of the palestinian camps in lebanon where areas where they were trained to sent and fight in iraq with the groups against the american army. this has developed now with a syrian law because the hezbollah fighting in syria with the rebel groups in syria, this has spilled over into lebanon where some groups are fighting against hezbollah or against the
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lebanese army and most of the fighting has been in the north-east around the area on the border with syria, but occasionally you get incidents like this in tripoli and very occasionally in other pockets around the country in the capital of burundi three gunmen wearing police uniforms have been killed after attacking a car which belonged to a police commander. this is the latest incident in this african nation hit by violence over the president's third term. the government says it's fighting insurgence. catherine soi are talking to some of the men. here's her exclusive report. >> reporter: when the sun sets work begins in the suburb of burundi's capital bujumbura. pierre and are on the neighborhood watch. they say they're on the watch
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looking for the ran damn an regular killings in the city. we will protect ourselves. a little earlier we met two other young men. they dress like police and dig out a hidden grenade. he tells us he will use this today. they wouldn't say whether they're an organized unit, have a leader or where they get their weapons from. >> translation: police have been coming to our neighborhood to arrest and kill us, but at night we go to where they are and fight them. >> reporter: what started out as peaceful protests in april against a bid for a third time by the pretty has evolved into armed fighting. opposition factions blame each
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other. >> the protests felt not met, but they found another way. they tried to negotiate with the government, but you cannot negotiate with the government when we are committing homicides like this one. >> reporter: the united nations, african union and human rights groups are concerned about the killings which they all say has an ethnic dimension to them. it is a disturbing event that follows the events clearly such as this woman. more people now seem to have weapons. >> if they would decide to come combine forces, the vigilante and more organized armed groups, we could find a rebellion that is much more dangerous, much more sophisticated and be able to gather more resources to challenge the state.
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>> reporter: the armed men told us they won't give up until the president steps down. government forces insist that they will hunt down each one of them. many innocent people are caught in the middle. >> reporter: the f.b.i. is investigating the mass shooting in the u.s. state of california as an act of terrorism. while there are reports that the woman involved in the attack had pledged allegiance to i.s.i.l. on facebook, investigators say it is unlikely the couple were ordered by i.s.i.l. to carry out the shooting. reporting from san bernardino. >> reporter: a dramatic turn of events just 48 hours after a mass shooting that killed 14 people, investigators saying it's a terror investigation. >> based on the investigation and the facts that we know them, we are now investigating these horrific acts as an act of terrorism. we have uncovered evidence that
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has led us to learn of extensive planning. obviously, we've uncovered evidence of explosives. >> reporter: the first picture of tashfeen malik, the 27-year-old investigators say the second shooter. the f.b.i. say a number of pieces of evidence have informed their views on terrorism, but have not said what it is. the investigation is now likely to increase its scope and urgency. there was no evidence released by the f.b.i. that i.s.i.l. directed the assaults be undertook. it is a complex case and neither of the two suspects appeared to be on any f.b.i. watch list and neither had criminal records in america. the f.b.i. urged patience, saying it might take a long time to get to the real motive.
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>> there is a lot of evidence in this case that doesn't quite make sense and so we're trying to be very thoughtful to understand it and to make sense of it so we understand the full extent of what we had here. >> reporter: officials say they didn't think it would be part of a large plot, but that would people are more anxious than ever now it has been called terrorism the lawyers representing the suspects' family are saying the media are paying too much attention to their ethnic and religious background. >> there is evidence that he was made fun of by his beard, he was an isolated introverted individual with no friends that we could identify. maybe one friend or no friends. so i guess what we would say is that when an incident happens like this, when a christian goes to shoot up a planned parenthood
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or an extreme catholic bombs an abortion clinic the headlines don't say "extremist catholic", just like right now every headline is saying "muslim". i think there's a tendency to take a cookie cutter version or paradigm of a terrorist type event and super impose it on a situation just because that person is a muslim. when the f.b.i. chief has literally come out and said that they found no link to a larger terrorist group or terrorist cell, i think people need to listen to that and consider that and every headline until there is absolute clear evidence, every headline doesn't have to say "muslim massacre", or "muslim shooters" thousands of people are protesting in south korea's capital over a series of
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controversial government policies. a court threw out a police attempt to have the rally banned after violence in a similar demonstration last month. our correspondent is seoul. >> reporter: a much more subdued atmosphere than there was here a few weeks ago. many are saying that's because there is a notable lack of police presence that has definitely diffused any intentions here. you can't see police out on the streets. that means the protesters hope the spotlight will be on the issues that they want the government to address. no.1, labor reforms that are not popular at all with the workers which will basically mean they feel that there will just be more irregular employment for them in low paid jobs. another factor is state authored history textbooks which the government wants to replace the eight books that are currently in schools and being used there right now. they say this shows a tendency
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towards authoritarianism and a dick day torial style of leadership which is not happy with the population, but more than that, many are coming out into the streets to express a general frustration with just the way life is in seoul at the moment and in korea in general. they feel there is a widening wealth gap and that workers here are only becoming poorer there is less than a week on go about the climate summit in paris ends. pressure is mounting on governments to come up with a meaningful agreement on tackling climate change. leaders and celebrities are taking to the stabling today for a so-called climate action day. nick clerk, our very own, is in paris. nick, on the table is a deal that would legally oblige nations to take action that
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would limit the increase in climate change to 2 degrees. how are thee negotiations-- these negotiations going and is it looking likely at this point? >> reporter: yes. week one is now complete. what we have is this document that negotiators have been working on. it was around 53 pages on monday and now it has been honed down to 38 pages. it is full of these brackets and these brackets denote disagreements or options. the good news about that is that the number of brackets within this 38-page document have gone down from 1400 to 750. so they're getting there and they've got the rest of the week to try and reach some satisfactory conclusion. later today this document will be handed over to the french foreign minister, who is chairing these climate negotiations, and he will then pass it on to the ministers for the high-level segment which starts on monday and ministers
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like the secretary of state john kerry. much more work needs to be done for the ministers it it is said because this document as it stands is incomplete and he said that his wishes would contain the largest number of trade-off. so it is a question of how weak or strong the final agreement will be it was never going to be easy, was it, but is the divide still pretty much between the rich developed economies and the poorer developing economies? >> reporter: yeah. that's always the main issue. it is a question of finance more than anything on that front. the good thing is that at this time china is very much on board and we're getting very positive noises from them. looking towards india an saudi arabia who traditionally play a hard line role in these negotiations. india is saying we want to bring millions out of poverty and yet you want us to reduce emissions.
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we need more help and more money. there was this agreement a while ago for the rich nations to produce a hundred billion dollars a year by 2020. it's not clear how that's going to happen and also the big focus is on the actual level, the target they're aiming at. we're talking about 2 degrees c. a lot of companies are saying, because scientists have said 1.5 c is a more realistic target, they're saying 1.5 degrees c has to be in the text and india disagree with that and flatly refuse. we will see how it pans out thank you for that. still to come on this program, raising the alarm, the u.n. says half the population of yemen is one step away from familiar in. plus. comic check famine. fishermen are finding their
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let's have a look at the top stories. in lebanon at least four people have been killed close to tripoli after an army raid on the home of a suspected fighter. the suspect blew himself up and three female relatives. he had been wanted by the authorities for over a year for taking part in fighting. one of the neighborhood voyage lon tea-- groups in burundi tells al jazeera it won't give up until the president steps
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down. violence including killings has been on the rise in recent months after the president's decision to stay in office for a third term. the f.b.i. is investigating the mass shooting in the u.s. state of california as an act of terrorism. there are reports that the woman who took part in the attack has pledged allegiance to i.s.i.l. on facebook, but investigators say it is unlikely the couple were acting on instructions from the group the u.n.'s role food program says yemen is at risk in slipping into famine. nearly half the population is classified as being on an emergency level of food insecurity. the u.n. agency says over 14 million people are struggling to feed themselves because of the war. more than a million people have been displaced in yemen since fighting began over a year ago. >> yemen is one of the hardest places today to work, massive
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security concerns with escalating in violence and fighting across the country. we are doing well and improving our reach and getting to more people every month, but clearly with half the country now just one step away from famine we need the international community to come behind us and support over particularly over the next few years the iraqi prime minister is demanding the immediate withdrawal of turkey troops that were sent to the north of the country. tore key has deployed several hundred soldiers close to mosul which is under i.s.i.l. control. an official says they have already been in the kurdish region in northern iraq in a training mission since last year. >> reporter: what is likely going to be another spat between ankara and baghdad, they have sent fighters into mosul. they say these trainers arrived, there may be 100 to 150 of them, but they were escorted in by
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turkish protection forces bringing up the number of troops that crossed that border into the province. what we're hearing is this is likely to be a move that was brought about by the governor of mosul that also runs a militia there. he has probably asked the turks to come and help them in his fight to train his forces up to go into mosul. baghdad says there can't be any foreign boots on the ground here. he has been very clear on that. he says this is an infringement. ankara says they have been helping the forces within the area for the last year now as training forces. where it gets interesting is one source within the camp of has said if baghdad can use them in their fight against i.s.i.l.,
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why can't we use turkish backed militias or at least get training. we're all fighting the same enemy, d.a.e.s.h., and i.s.i.l., and that's what should be the key here, not this spat between ankara and baghdad. this comes down to baghdad wanting to keep control of the fight against i.s.i.l. there will be diplomatic moves and anger and public statements being issued over these troops, but they have been here for a year already in a variety of different training roles. this, however, is an escalation of that training role venezuelans choose a new national assembly or parliament on sunday in a vote that is seen as a referendum on the performance of the president and his ruling socialists. a recession and searing inflation have boosted the opposition's chances of winning its first majority in 16 years. there is going concern over how
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fair and transparent the vote will be. >> reporter: at a community center in this area working class mothers scramble to get free baseball caps. elector alpropaganda being distributed by the ruling socialist party. just ahead of the arrival of one of its top congressional candidates. this woman assures us the voting system is tamper proof. >> translation: the system has been 100% audited and will reflect the true will of the people after going to the polls on sunday. >> reporter: indeed, this time around even the opposition coalition says it's satisfied venezuela's electronic voting system gives sufficient guarantees. is that enough though? it's not the actually voting process that's raising red flags, but everything leading up to it, and at the top of the list is the use and abuse of state resources to tilt the
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playing field firmly in favor of the ruling party candidates. right here, for example, the socialist candidate is distributing a government subsidy benefit to young mothers who are being reminded that it's their duty to defend the revolution with their vote. the government overwhelmingly controls venezuela's television networks, bombarding the air waves with propaganda against the opposition. ngos monitoring the campaign are also concerned the voters could be pressured at the polls. >> translation: i'm not sure the people will have the freedom to cast their vote properly, that when they go up to the machine there won't be someone watching how they vote, that they won't be afraid of losing their jobs if they don't vote the way they're supposed to. >> reporter: the president of the electoral council is widely considered a government loyalist and for the first time no international observer groups have been accredited except for
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one. the south american block. >> translation: would have a double responsibility which is why we are appealing for a peaceful non-violent election and secondly, which is a fundamental in a democracy, that all players commit to recognising and respecting the results of the vote. >> reporter: with so much at stake, the stability of the deeply divided nation will almost certainly depend on it the braziln president dilma rousseff has promised to fight for her platy kilogram survival. she has been accused of masking the extent of the deficit. >> reporter: i will fight this impeachment process because i have done nothing that justifies this procedure and primarily because i have a commitment to the people of this country who elected me she is also being blamed for the country's deep recession and
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as our correspondent reports from the capital, many of her former grass root supporters are now turning against her. >> reporter: this manned his wife say they're struggling to make ends meet. they live on the outskirts of the city where con is degrees is gating to impeach the president dilma rousseff. >> translation: i think the previous government was better than this one. it's difficult to sell anything these days. we're wart about other things. >> reporter: his wife has a small beauty salon in the house. they say they voted for dilma rousseff but now they don't support her any more. we're 15 kilometres away from congress and people say they're not worried about the impeachment proceed serious of
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dilma rousseff but of the economic system. i am told that in the past shops like this one would be a booming business but now they're almost empty. it has been a difficult year for the brazilian president. the economy is in recession and there are investigations involving politicians close to her. now the impeachment by a political enemy. people have taken to the street in their thousands to protest against her government. we're told that more demonstrations are on the way. >> translation: we are planning to carry out more demonstrations to pressure congress to continue with impeachment and show the politicians that they cannot do that. the impeachment is not only by congress but by the people too. >> reporter: annual lives here say the president is facing a really challenge-- analysts here say. >> translation: there is a
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great resistance or rejection we're in a crisis where she cannot govern and we are in a depression which has come from an esrecession and the country is in bad shame. there's no way she can get us out of this situation if she continues in office. the cards in the deck on the table are somewhat stacked against her right now. >> reporter: the impeachment process is going to be a long one, but people like this man say they want it to be over soon for better or worse so that the country's leadership can start focusing on how to get the country's economy going once more earlier in the year we visited a fisherman on the shrinking island in bangladesh. climate change has seen rising sea levels to make his home sink
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below the water. >> reporter: after this year's devastating monday soon, it is time for-- monsoon it is time for this man and his mother to rerebuild their lives. they can barely get out of the house much less work >> translation: it gets muddy here appeared i can't see where i'm walking so i slip all the time. it is very dangerous for me. >> reporter: his home is vanishing fast. half of the island has been swallowed up by the water in the past 20 years. a mosque where we saw people in may now lies teetering on the edge of the water. this was one of the strongest monday soons people can remember - monsoons. >> translation: it has rained so much. i've never seen the water come with such anger.
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the water would eau rode homes away but this time it smashed them away. >> reporter: this was the location of the largest ferry dock. its the main connection to the rest of the country. the landing was swept away by the waves a few months ago, leaving an already remote island even more isolated. with no ferry to the mainland, it's difficult for him to find a job, even though the rainy season is over. it seems there is just not enough going on in the island economy to accommodate those with disabilities. >> translation: you need to get out on the boat all the way out in the water and work with nets with others. i can't do the work without my eyes, so the boats don't hire me. >> reporter: after a rainy season like this one, he is worried that he may have to leave his home once again. with no heating system in a house where it gets so cold, he and his mother are preparing for
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a tough winter don't forget you can find out more about all the stories we're covering here on the website, aljazeera.com, particularly as you can see that row over the presence of turkish troops in northern iraq. >> this week on talk to al jazeera best selling author mitch albom. >> i use death to ricochet your attention back on to life. >> albom's latest novel is "the magic strings of frankie presto", a tale about the greatest guitarist to ever live and the lives he changes. the writer's first dream was to be a musician. >> i didn't write anything until i was already well into my twenties, cause everything i wanted to do was based around music. >> his books have sold more than

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