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tv   News  Al Jazeera  December 9, 2015 2:00am-2:31am EST

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afghan and pakistan meet to discuss security. you're watching al jazeera live from doha. coming up, freed from boko haram, hundreds of hostages are freed after a military operation in cameroon. >> what was proposed yesterday is not what this party stands for condemnation from home and abroad after presidential hopeful donald trump calls for a ban on muslims entering the u.s.
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lights, camera, but no action while thailand is struggling to maintain its hollywood connection. we begin in afghanistan where taliban fighters are holding a number of hostages after storming the air force compound. they're locked in a battle with the residential part of the compound. at least 22 people have been killed and nine attackers have died. the area is one of the most heavily fortified in the country. the attack happened as a major conference in afghanistan got underway. the president is there and met with pakistan's prime minister. he says it is committed to reknewing the afghan peace process. -- renewing.
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how concerned are these two governments about the current situation, security situation, inside afghanistan? >> reporter: the situation inside of afghanistan is of huge concern because as as the prime minister arrived here, he touched upon that issue saying that there were economic considerations, that afghanistan and pakistan were going to cooperate in bringing the pipeline into fruition. there were other plans as well. it was about connectivity and issues that can only be if there is peace between these two countries afghanistan struggles with a taliban resurgence, how
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successful has pakistan's military been in cam batting the taliban in pakistan? >> reporter: you have to first remember that the pakistani taliban is different to the other taliban. they have been attacking the pakistani. they have sanctuarys there. the major military operation that pakistan has basically pushed these fighters across the border. many of them filtering across a polish border. the other president talked about the fact that thousands of fighters, foreign fighters, including arabs, have crossed into afghanistan because of the military offensive. now, importantly it must be understood that the afghan army is combatting the taliban and, therefore, are not concentrating on the threat that posed to pakistan from the pakistan taliban across the border. the military has been successful to a large part, but still
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problems remain thank you for that update russia's defense ministry says it has fired missile towards syria from a submarine for the first time. it says the strikes hit weapon stores and oil assets in the i.s.i.l. stronghold of raqqa. russian media reported that the submarine arrived in waters on tuesday. syrian activists say the first lot of people have left the city of homs. that's the last rebel stronghold in toms which has been under siege for around two years now. world leaders are planning to meet in new york next week to discuss the war in syria. john carey made the announcement after holding talks with ban
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ki-moon. they are pushing for talks between rebels and the government by january 1. >> we talked about syria and the need for the u.n. negotiations to be able to begin and hopefully for a cease fire to take effect if we can achieve that russia has cast doubts over those talks in new york. >> as far as we're concerned, this meeting has not yet been agreed upon. the things which were agreed during vienna meeting need to be accomplished first and there must be two lists, one list of the opposition, members of the opposition who would participate in the talks with the government and we expect the leading role to be played in putting that list together russia has also criticised the presence of turkey troops in iraq. in baghdad hundreds of people
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rallied outside the turkish embassy. more now on russia's reaction from u.n. headquarters in new york. >> reporter: russia considers the presence of turkish troops in iraq without the express consent of the iraqi government illegal under international law. turkey is claiming that it had permission to be there, but russia, of course, is also still very upset about the shooting down of its fighter jet by turkey on the northern border of syria and russia wanted to bring up these issues in the security council to register its discontent. on the sidelines of the meeting iraq as ambassador said the country was trying to work out differences with turkey and come to an agreement. he said at this stage the government wasn't asking for the intervention of the u.n. the united states have hoped it won't come to that and they have
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encouraged the two countries to come to an agreement hundreds of people freed from boko haram will be meeting their families soon. troops have begun what they call a final push to end the six-year fight against the armed group. >> reporter: these people are finally free. these are some of the 900 hostages, mainly women and children, who have been freed after days of fighting between boko haram and regional forces. >> translation: i come from nigeria. i was taken from my village and put into a prison >> reporter: soon he and others will be on their way home. >> translation: we've received strict instructions from those above us to support them to repatriate them to their countries. we see the humanitarian support.
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there is a place for them to get rest and all the necessary support, including food. >> reporter: cameroon's government has deported thousands of refugees. it says it is concerned about potential boko haram fighters hiding among them. dozens of their citizens have been killed. thousands of young men and women across the region have been taken by boko haram over the last five years. many of them have been forced to join the armed group. >> reporter: there has been a growing sense of frustration that after 19 months there has been no news of the the more than 200 school girls kidnapped. for the girls and their families, their freedom could take longer. >> reporter: this man is related to 3 of the missing girls. he says they aren't giving up hope. >> i have not seen anything difficult in negotiating the
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release of these girls for the government. i am very, very hopeful because it is not just possible to have over 276 girls taken from school. >> reporter: nigerian troops are under-- nigerian agencies are preparing for another wave of displaced persons venezuelan president maduro is to begin a cabinet reshuffle after a defeat in the elections. the government lost control of the national assembly since the government took office in 2009. brazil supreme court has suspended a committee tasked
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with deciding whether to impeach president dilma rousseff. it freezes the process until december 16. scuffles in the brazilian parliament. she is accused by the opposition of mismanaging the budget. donald trump is facing a back lash from across the political spectrum after calling for muslims to be banned from entering the united states. republicans, democrats and foreign leaders criticised his comments as dangerous and divisive. >> i am officially running. >> reporter: from the moment he announced he was run, he tested the patience of others with his rhetoric. many say he has gone too far. >> this is not conservativism. this is not what this party stands for and more importantly it's not what this country
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stands for. >> reporter: he says there are many americans who are muslim who are helping the country. donald trump is standing by his call until threats can be obtained >> a total and complete shut down of muslims entering the united states until our country's representatives can figure out what the hell is going on. >> reporter: donald trump's comments were met with applause on monday and may appeal to voters who are looking for an easy solution to a complex security problem, but not all conservatives support it. many republicans are also christians who believe religious freedom is a part of the u.s. constitution and must be protected. one southern baptist leader criticised him saying anyone who cares about religious liberty should denounce this rhetoric:
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the white house is calling donald trump's comments unrealistic, even grotesque. >> what he said is deeply offensive. as a secretary of homeland security said has consequences for our national security, but the real question for the republican party and for the republican candidates is are they going to be dragged into the tuft bin of history along with donald trump? >> reporter: those who study politics believe republicans will not >> what you're actually seeing is that people are rallying around everybody but him. he is union fig the party against him-- unifying. >> reporter: his party appears angry, anxious and amplified still to come on al jazeera,
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race relations in the u.k. 50 years on we look at the history of landmark legislation. in kenya, where the majority of people believe that government corruption has risen in the past year. year. the only way to get better is to challenge yourself,
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>> the only live national news show at 11:00 eastern. >> we start with breaking news. >> let's take a closer look. welcome back. a look at the top stories. the afghan taliban is holding a number of hostages after storming airport. at least 22 people have died. it happened as a major security
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conference gets understandway in neighbouring pakistan. a russian's defense says it fired from a submarine for the first time. it hit the i.s.i.l. stronghold of raqqa. john kerry says world leaders will be meeting to discuss the conflict. republican presidential hopeful donald trump is facing more back lash after calling for muslims to be banned from entering the united states. republicans, democrats and foreign leaders criticised his comments. the u.n. says that corruption is a global problem which costs trillions of dollars every year. it is declared wednesday international anti corruption day to highlight the problem. >> reporter: one trillion dollars, that's how much is paid in bribes globally every year according to u.n. statistics. as much as 2.6 trillion dollars
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are lost to corruption around the world. that's more than the entire economy of france of the what does that mean for the people? reporter: the world health organisation says there's a link between countries with high corruption and child mortality >> corruption gets in the way of providing people with clean water and sanitation. corruption increases the costs of building essential water infrastructure by as much as 40% which means many of the one billion people around the world who need clean water are not getting it the kenya's president has called corruption a threat to national security. this year he has lost a third of his cabinet as part of a crack down on corruption. many believe that corruption in the public sector is on the
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rise. >> reporter: these protesters are demanding answers from their government. they often wake up to reports of enough corruption scan dales. this girl and her friend travelled from far away to join in the demonstration >> translation: we don't want corruption any more. we want everyone to benefit. i don't have any money and i want changes. >> reporter: the anti corruption commission has taken more than 350 people to court this year. six cabinet secretaries, which is a third of the cabinet, have also been forced to resign because of corruption allegations. many kenyans are angry about corruption, especially in the public service. the president sisct sees corrups a threat to national security.
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the latest scandal is being talked about. two billion dollars was raised in capital after borrowing from european and american investors on the irish stock exchange. this was to pay off loans and fund a project. it's not sure what project it was. >> i think the government has made statements that are empassioned against corruption. however, in terms of action, we haven't seen action that is commensurate to the statements, which demonstrate a lack of political will. >> reporter: earlier this year the disappear appearance of close to 8 million dollars are traced to kenyans and prompted investigations. parliament is being probed for diverting millions in false allowances and unaccount loans and other payments the government spokesman
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acknowledges corruption exists in government, but toll us all is being done to deal with it. >> 70% of it is related to procurement. procurement is about, the private sector and government players. principally, before we have only been able to deal with the government side of that. if we can now allow for the private sector people to also take responsibility for what is, obviously, criminal, then we are heading in the right direction. >> reporter: these protesters have no faith in the government's fight against corruption australia's coal industry is bracing itself for more job losses after one of the world's biggest mining company announced plans to slash its workplace. it says it is going to cut 85,000 jobs as part of a three billion dollar restructure.
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four of the coal mines in australia are already up for sale. andrew thomas has more super sydney >> reporter: the trouble for australia is that the prices have tom belled for everything that the country pulls out of the ground. the iron other price is below $40 a town. it was almost $200 a tonne two years ago. the gas and oil and thermal coal has fallen by almost half in two years. it's not clear how much the jobs will be cut here, but many will. they won't be at the coal face. it and other struggling mining companies employ a lot of white collar staff in australia's big cities, especially in perth and brisbane and here, sydney. there are managers, accountants and lawyers all nervous. at the mines themselves, thousands have been made redid you know taint this year. earlier this week another big mining company, glencor, announced it was cutting forts
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fifths of a mine in the north of australia. that means another couple of hundred jobs. chervon said it is cutting three to six,000 worldwide. many of those are in perth. the australian doesn't rely on mining, but the dollar has sunk 2% on friday. at about 70 u.s. cents it has fallen against the u.s. dollar since 2011. all of this hits confidence. house prices, it has been the only one up. priority prices in some mining town are half of what they were. house prices in sydney are dropping and falling exports for mining means less tax for the government. that hits revenue and spending is down right across the board china has announced a series of emergency response measures as thick smog continues to blanket the capital. this is what it looks like currently in beijing. the government has issued its
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first ever red alert. the highest warning level for air pollution. more than two thousand factories have stopped work and millions of private vehicles have been banned from the roads. smog is affecting a neighbouring city where people are being encouraged to use public transport. france is set to present a streamline draft of a global pact to fight global change in paris on wednesday. leaders from 200 countries have until friday to reach a deal in curbing greenhouse gas emissions. ute the u.n. talks have been billed as the last chance to avoid issues with global warning. a roman catholic church cardinal said if talks stough, the pope may weigh him. the pope has criticised fossil
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fuel economies for impefrishing much of hue mont. >> he stressed deep trust from the capacity and capability of - to be able to come to a consensus. he suggests to over come difficulties. i guess whatever he may alter a statement or comment or whatever wednesday is the 50th anniversary of the race relations act. it was drafted in response to discrimination against black and asian immigrants who had come to britain to work. half a century on has britain moved any closer to aachieving equality? >> reporter: a forum for black nths-- entrepreneurs trying to
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start businesses in bring the. >> it is-- britain. >> it is more subtle and behind closed doors. so whilst people say that we've moved on, i think that the position essentially has remained the same. >> reporter: the race relations act of 1965 transformed the social landscape of britain, a country of empire that attracted migrants from across the commonwealth looking for work following world war ii. prejudiced based on color became the norm. in 1958 riots in the suburb of noting hill were a catalyst for change. >> reporter: when the riots took place, they decided to stay and i think that was a sort of national shock and it brought these two to the surface. >> reporter: trevor phillips. >> we haven't got race equality, but let's bear in mind this is a
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very different country to the one that my parents came to where you could say what you liked about people, you could exclude them from homes and jobs. you can't do that today. if nothing else, that legislation has changed the mood and sentiment in this country dramatically. >> reporter: the things of noting hill today, things don't get much more contrasted. home to the super rich and the slums now gone. campaigners say that the stain of racism remains. race has played a part aalong with poverty and social exclusion in riots that have taken place in every decade since and one of the authors of a new report on equality says it existing legislation doesn't go far enough. >> there's loss overt racism on the streets today. people are less vulnerable to being beaten up and killed, but
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there's still covert racism. in the labor market, you have to send in twice as many cvs. if you look at stop and search, black people are six times more likely to be stopped by the police. these are areas of life where black people don't have good outcomes in our society >> reporter: another change fiefty years on is that the problem today extends well beyond black and white. in multi ethnic modern britain, competition covers various lines the producers of some block buster films from janes bond to star warss used thailand as a backdrop. but that appears to be in decline >> reporter: from its stunning natural landscape to the confused man made beauty of
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bangkok, thailand has served as the living set for dozens of international films. that number has been shrinking the last few years. partly industry leaders say because the country does not have a film incentive program. one where studios get a rebate for the money spent on location. the man has been lobbying the government for such program for 10 years. he has worked on many film productions here >> a lot of thailand's neighbors have film incentives in place, malaysia, korea, new zealand, australia have great incentives. even if economically it's cost effective and if producers might pick your country to film in, without the incentives you don't make the short list. >> reporter: more frequently thailand has not been making the short list. last year the number was down
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nearly 12% from 2013. this year so far it's shaping up to be even worse. the number is down over 33% from last year. >> reporter: if film incentives are approved and there's hope that that could happen within the year, it could provide a boost to the industry. the ones that are filled here will also benefit from the rebate program. small independent films can use that money to kick-start financing. that will build the abilities and capacity of the local film studios and their thai professionals. even more, some feel higher profile films produced by thais and coming from thailand can act as an international gateway. >> we have been waiting for a long time for the world to understand the differentiation between countries and culture in this area and what can be the
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better tool than movies? >> reporter: so for now the decision rests with thailand's government and the film industry waits for rebaits to be approved. looking for a more prosperous second act you can always get more on our website, al the doctor has told you you're sick enough and the tests and the insurance company says?