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tv   News  Al Jazeera  December 9, 2015 5:00pm-5:31pm EST

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>> as gulf countries neat saudi arabia, the u.s. call on their leaders to do more to fight isil. ♪ hello, i'm maryam nemazee. you're watching al jazeera live from london. also coming up, hundreds of syrian rebel fighters and their families leave the city of homs during a cease-fire negotiated with the government. more than 70 people are killed in the taliban attack on kandahar airport in afghanistan. and a medical break through in the fight against dengue fear.
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fever, the first vaccine is approved for use in mexico. we begin the program with the latest efforts to end the conflicts in syria. these are the main developments so far. hundreds of fighters are leaving homs with their families, part of a cease-fire deal. meanwhile in saudi arabia member states of the gol gulf country ies meet. >> turkey must do more to control it's often porous border. saudi arabia joined their portion of the campaign in the early days. only the air part. but they have since ben pre-occupied by the conflict in yemen both in the air and on the ground. just this past week i personally
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reached out to my counter parts in 40 countries around the world, in the coalition, and asked them to contribute more in many case contribute much more to enhancing the fight against isil. >> now our washington correspondent rosalind jordan has more. >> there are a couple of reasons why u.s. defense secretary ash carter called on members of the gcc and other military east countries, too, do more militarily against isil. first they had to combat the perception that the u.s.-led airstrikes against isil are really only u.s. airstrikes against isil. carter wants to underscore the point that other countries have been taking part in the air war, and countries there from the beginning including jordan and the unite the arab emirates should be more involved and engaged in destroying isil's
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infrastructure, and in terms of going after isil fighters. here in the united states notably a number of congressional republicans want to see a more robust u.s. military operation against isil, both in syria and in iraq. carter's mission on wednesday was to persuade these senators that the u.s. military could theoretically carry out a large scale operation against isil, but that from a long-term practical standpoint it would be extremely ill-advised. >> well, leaders of the gulf corporation council are meeting in saudi arabia's capital riyadh with syria high on the agenda. saudi arabia's king salman they'd that the countrsaid that the country remains committed to
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finding a solution. >> regarding the syrian crisis, the king of saudi arabia is holding the meeting to find a solution according to the geneva accord. the kingdom of saudi arabia has exerted a lot of effort in this record. we'll continue our efforts with coordination an because our islam rejects terrorism and extremism. >> with us now is associate fellow at the foreign policy think tank here in london. let's pick up where we left off. we spoke about the security council challenge in the region and then we have parallel talks
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on trying to get an united front among the fragmented syrian option. how would you describe the dynamics between these two key meetings that are very much linked? >> it's interesting. these are two programs that pose similar threats and concerns to the gcc countries, especially saudi arabia. the fact that they're happening together is interesting. however, the decreased focus on the syrian front in terms of fighting isil, especially, is due to the fact that the campaign there is not making any progress over the past 18 months. you know, the american-led campaign has not really achieved any meaningful progress against isis. that's the reason why the gcc has withdrawn from that campaign
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a little bit. not only the gcc but jordan. remember the jordanian pilot who was burned alive by isis, jordanians went into a very aggressive campaign against isis for a few days, maybe a week or two, and they have taken a backseat almost in the fight against isis. it's mainly due to the fact that the campaign itself and the way the american administration is leading it, it is kind of given them--so as syria becomes more prominent in the minds of western leaders, we see the reverse on gulf nations and they prefer to focus on yemen? >> yes, absolutely. yemen is a threat to the gcc especially too saudi arabia. there is a fight going on there that they're directly engaged in. and in syria it is a proxy war.
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>> of course, they're worried about, you have al-qaeda and isil operating in yemen again being able to use the chaos to their advantage. but of course, saudis and the gulf coalition are more concerned about the houthis. >> the overriding concern for saudi arabia and everyone else in the gcc is iran. you know n yemen they're not focused on al-qaeda or isis, they're focused on houthis, you're absolutely right. in syria they're concerned about the removal of bashar al-assad because they're convinced that the way forward in syria to even defeat isil is to remove bashar al-assad. without doing that isis will continue to claim legitimacy as well as other groups. i think they understand that the problem is that the united states--maybe they understand that, but they're not taking the
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necessary steps. they're doing more to resolve the syrian conflict. that's why ash carter's criticism is unfair in that sense. i think the american administration has to do more to tackle isis. >> thank you very much. >> thank you. >> well, hundreds of rebel fighters and their families have begun to leave the city of homs under syrian supervision. it is part of a cease-fire deal negotiated by the government. >> this is a result of more than two years of sporadic and difficult negotiations. hundreds of people including fighters around their families are leaving this district in the city of homs. it is a city long known by the opposition the capital of the revolution. the united nations helped to broker the agreement between the syrian government and the
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rebels. >> the first batch of people from our neighborhood of homs has left to the northern countryside. other groups will follow. 160 families left the neighborhood, and fighters are against the truce. >> the evacuation of fighters and their families is the first phase of the agreement. they will head to opposition-controlled areas further north. the syrian government, in turn, will end military operations there. but the warring sides seem to be interpreting other details differently. the government said that the deals means that they will return to state control. it is cleared of weapons, and fighters who choose to stay will have their legal status settled. it also said that all rebels will leave the district in two months. the opposition remies that the district will return to government control. >> i would like to reassure the world that not everyone in the
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neighborhood of homs has left. only the injured and their families. those families who are outside of the area, we're steadfast on the front lines. neither armed groups or the biggest we grades have left. there is no mass depasture. this is our neighborhoods and we should defend it. >> opposition activists say that the rebels had no other choice but to accept the deal because the blockade has caused a humanitarian crisis. the area has been besieged by government forces for two years. only food and medicine supply have been allowed any sporadically. some see the deal as forced because of the blockade. more than 2,000 fight whose were holed up inside were granted safe passage. they agreed to the deal only after they were starved and outgunned. since then few people have
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returned. the international community is trying to revive peace negotiations, start a political process and bring about a nationwide cease-fire. while i it may silence the guns, it is doing little to bring about peace and reconciliation. al jazeera. >> battling isil fighters on the outskirts of ramadi aim to go consolidate gains made in the last few days. the commander said that it's troops have reached the command center northwest of the city there are conflicting reports on whether it has been recaptured. in baghdad six people have been killed in a suspected
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suicide-bombing. a man blue himself up when a guard stopped him. search people were injured in the attack. forces are battling a taliban gunman involved in an attack on kandahar airplane. more than 70 people have killed, and dozens more were injured. >> this video is said to show the gun battle between taliban fighters and afghan security forces at kandahar airport. as dawn broke the damage was he easy to see. at least ten armed men got into a school building without being challenged. they passed through several security check points. once inside the gunmen seized families as hostages. >> the gunmen entered the airfield where civilian families live and where there is a mark market. >> these are said to be the attackers, armed with automatic
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weapons and dressed in what appears to be afghan army uniform it's and equipment. >> the taliban has released this video in which one of the attackers warns u.s. president barack obama that there is no safety for u.s. troops. despite having a newly elected leader and reports of infighting between factions, the taliban seems determined to show it can mount well-planned attacks. this video shows fighters equipped with fake i.d.s and equipment allowing them to pass wit as foreign soldiers and pass through with fake license plate which security forces don't appear to check.
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this was their biggest victory since being removed in 2001. it took several days to regain control. ashraf ghani is in islamabad. they will be discussing the possibility of peace talks with the taliban. right now in kandahar that possibility seems remoted. >> still with al jazeera, more to come. an apology for a woman accused to be the last surviving member of a neo-nazi cell. >> in the jungles of eastern columbia farc rebels are preparing for peace after 50 years of conflict.
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>> welcome back. you're watching al jazeera. a quick update of the top stories. the u.s. defense secretary has called on gulf countries to do more to fight isil. ash carter tells the ar armed service community that the sunni arab nations should be doing more. the taliban has warned the u.s. president that his troops are not safe in afghanistan. it comes amid fighting at the airport in kandahar killing soldiers and civilians. turkish president erdogan
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made comments in a spat between turley and iraq. >> when daesh reached mosul, mr. abady visited us in turkey in 2014 and requested troops for training in response to his request we set up a training camp. they are aware of this, and everything happened with their knowledge. now i ask him, where were you when we set up the camp. he has not said a word since that date. now we've increased the number of training personnel in order to consolidate our efforts. >> climate change talks in paris where significant progress has been made in a slimmed down deal. our environment editor nick clark is in paris.
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he has been speaking with the united nations climate change chief in that final agreement. >> this was never going to be easy. it is definitely the most complex negotiation that there has been, and the most complex of all of the climate change negotiations because we're on the cusp of legally binding agreement. >> we know that they would no --the u.s. would not accept a legally binding agreement. >> i think the united states administration has carefully studied this, and it is very clear that this agreement needs everyone on board, including the united states, and they have carefully studied what they can do from the executive level, and are very much behind us. >> what are you saying, that it not totally legally binding. >> absolutely it's going to be legally binding. congress is not the only one who
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can establish what is legally binding for the united states or not. >> but it has to be passed by congress to get it through. >> maybe not. >> if it's a treaty. >> well, it depends on whether you take the european interpretation of treaty, the u.s. interpretation of treaty, so that's--a very whole chapter of discussion on its own, but it will be legally binding. >> nothing is straightforward in climate negotiation. >> never, never. >> a lot of ngos here, as know, and the developing nations feel they may be left out in the cold, as it were, and it won't assist them in the way that it should, what would you say to them to try to bring them to the party? >> you know, the worst fate of any developing country is not coming to an agreement. that is unthinkable. not coming to an agreement with mean that we would continue with the current trend of rise of
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greenhouse gas emotions, whose impact is directly and first and primarily on developing countries and the most vulnerable of those developing countries. that is the worst fate. >> aren't you absolutely exhausted? >> yes, sometimes. and i'll probably take a few months' nap after this, but you know, this is an incredible, incredible process that we're in. you know, as my daughter says, there is always time for sleep later. you wouldn't want to waste time on sleep right now. this is the most important historical document in front of our highs. not to be here is a waste of time. >> the woman accused of the murder of ten people is denying her roam. it's the first time that she has spoken publicly about it in two and a half years. she denies being a member of the
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national socialist underground group or taking part in the killings, but she did apologize to the families for failing to stop what happened. the group carried out a series of racially motivated murders, bomb attacks and robberies over the decade. volkswagen said that less cars report affected than originally thought. macedonians have refused to let some refugees to cross. they will now go to migration in athens.
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in islamabad there are discussions much peace and security as well as territorial dispute over kashmir. >> to make sure that this comprehensive bilateral dialogue moves ahead we've told foreign secretaries of both countries to sit down and prepare schedule and modality, schedules which will be discussed, and modalit modalities of which level will be discussed. the first dengue vaccine will be released in mexico. the french drug company is aiming to have it approved in 20 countries by the end of the year. the government in colombia is close to signing a peace deal
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aimed to end the war after 50 years. >> farc fighters exercising at dawn, with rifles in hand. but those gathered in this camp are not here to practice how to fight. it's time to start an educational offensive which includes a literary campaign, mathematics, philosophy, econo economy. >> the commander leads the first morning class. part of the farc eastern bloc, the strongest military faction of the group. he tells the rebels that things are about to change in focus. >> recentlily farc highest commander ordered the new weapons and exclusives. the new priorities is to prepare
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these rebels for civilian life. >> for the past three years farc has been holding peace talks with the colombian government while the conflict on the ground continued. the rebels say that they have the cleared unilateral cease-fire whil the government has stopped its airstrikes nonetheless government jets still fly over head, ending this class and sending them to their trenches. marc rebels have been at war with the colombian government for 51 years, but the offensive and mass desertion has reduced their numbers. one of the farc peace negotiators in havana was sent back to lecture them on the agreement. >> we are entering a transitional phase which the government calls post conflict and we call national normalization. >> today he is discussing the
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joint deal to find the 25,000 people who disappeared in the war. >> many of the fighters need basic education. they also has been at war since they were 15, and might soon have to find regular jobs. >> we are convinced at this time there is a real possibility to reach a political solution. that's why we're developing education plans, plans that have nothing to do with weapons, that have nothing to do with war and military activity. >> these classes may hardly be enough to prepare all the rebels for what will come, but they appear to show that the farc is serious about helping its life-long fighters to leave the jungle and their weapons behind. al jazeera, in the jungles of eastern colombia. >> venezuela's electoral
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commission has won a key to thirds majority, and gives the alliance a stronger hand against nicolás maduro after 15 years of rule. >> this is the regional liberation hero and statesman whose dream was to unite latin america under one flag. it was a dream that 200 years later inspired venezuela's fiery populist leader hugo chavez to promote regional socialism bang rol bankrolled by his country's oil wealth. the region has swung to the left. many countries elected center left to far left-wing governments. but sun's electoral defeat of
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venezuela's socialist party is a game changer. >> people want the government being sufficient, being transparent. it is very, very upset with corruption. you know, so i think that's probably what latin america is looking for. i don't think it's a problem. >> horror hugo chavez died, he named nicolás maduro as his successor. since maduro has been in office, a lot of popular opinion has turned against the so-called red tide. brazil's president dilma roussett is facing impeachment. in the short term, venezuela's
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closest ally, cuba, stands the most to lose. the opposition controlled congress will likely cut oil shipments and economic aid. >> clearly latin america's progressive forces have suffered a blow. the defeat on the left of argentina and venezuela are because of mistakes committed by the government. we have to learn from our mistakes. that's the message. >> whether pendulum continues to swing depends on whether that message is being heard. lucia newman, al jazeera, can rather cass. >> now to a story of jumbo proportions. the airport operator said that it reserves the tort to sell or dispose of the 747s if they're not collected within 14 days.
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all right, more on everything that we're covering right here, comment, analysis, video, background information all on our top stories. in part because of what's happening here in north dakota, where advances in fracking have unlocked crude oil in the bakken shale formation in the western part of the state. north dakota is now producing more than a million barrels of oil a day. ten years ago there were fewer than 200 oil-producing wells in the bakken. now there are more than 8,000. >> they call it boomtown usa this is where all the money is. it's crazy the amount of money you can make here. >> this rapid pace of development and the flood of workers coming here, has given north dakota the lowest unemployment rate in the us. but it's also raised questions