tv Weekend News Al Jazeera December 12, 2015 7:00pm-8:01pm EST
this is al jazeera america. i'm jonathan martin in new york. here are today's top stories. an historic deal reached in paris. nearly 200 countries, including the u.s., agreed to take aggressive measures to fight climate change. >> no hate or fear texas stand off pre muslim demonstrators of the a change in
saudi arabia for the first time women are allowed to run as candidates and vote in local elections. tension within the g.o.p. members are openly discussing a brokered convention and possible third party one. tonight we begin with our top story, the landmark global climate deal reached today in paris. 1 # 95 nations have signed on to cut rising greenhouse gas emissions that have been blamed for the warming of the planet. this is after four years of negotiating. the agreement was cause for much celebration amongst the delegates and world leaders. nick clerk was there. >> reporter: the moment the world agreed to tackle climate
change. so the paris agreement was born. emotions spilled over. to bring more than a 195 countries to come up with a universal pact was an enormous achievement >> i have been asked to bang the gavel again. it is do great things. >> reporter: earlier there was a moment of high drama as suddenly the text appeared to throw up a difficulty. fears grew that agreement was in jeopardy. then apparently it was just typing errors due to lack of sleep. >> as a result of the finalisation of documents in haste by colleague colleagues who had not slept for days, a number of errors regrettably were not attended in the document l9 as it was being finalised in the early hours of
this morning. we regret the areas and i would apologise for the over site. offer the main hall acknowledgment of the deal done >> in the end we all compromised. developing countries compromised. that is what any negotiation is about. we all compromised, otherwise you wouldn't have had anything. we come out all as winners >> reporter: there was praise too from president obama >> this agreement sends a powerful signal that the world is firmly committed to a low carbon future. that has the potential to unleash investment and innovation in clean energy at a scale we have never seen before. >> reporter: at last it is a platform >> it is a very good agreement. it is strong in the ambition to hold down temperature, stronger than we anticipated, ale. we thought it would just be about two degrees increase, holding to two degrees increase, but they've put on the table
doing their best to get as close as they can to 1.5. >> reporter: early in the day activists were allowed to protest. it has taken two weeks of effort to get to this point, not to say the months and years of pain an frustration since kopenhagen in 2009. soon it will be about putting the paris agreement into practice some of the highlights of this agreement include limiting greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible keeping global temperature increases well below 3.6 fahrenheit. review in progress every five years. developing countries will receive 100 billion dollars a year in climate finance. now is courtney keele be y. president obama did go live saying this it is the best plan we have for the one planet we've
got. >> even if all the initial targets set in paris are met, we will only be part of the way there when it comes to reducing carbon from the atmosphere. so we cannot be complacent because of today's agreement. the problem is not solved because of this accord. make no mistake, the paris agreement establishes the enduring framework the world needs to solve the climate crisis. >> president obama said it sets up the architecture and that no country can sit on the sides lines. >> it is ambitious with each country having marks, and we will have reviews and assessments to help hold every country accountable for meeting its commitments. as technology advances, this agreement allows progress to
pave the way for even more ambitious targets over time. we have secured a broader commitment to support the most vulnerable countries as they pursue cleaner economic growth. in short, this agreement will mean less of the carbon pollution that threatens our planet and more jobs drooiven by low carbon investment >> divisions remained as late as friday between u.s., india and china. president obama made calls to world leaders from the white house, secretary of state john kerry shuttled between delegates on the ground and paris >> this is a victory for all of our citizens, not just one country or block, but for everybody here who has worked so hard to bring us across the finish line. it is a victory for all of the planet and for future generations. what we do next, how we implement our targets, how we
build this agreement, how we build it out for each of our nations and strengthen it in the tame ahead, that is what will determine whether we are actually able to address one of the most complex challenges humankind has ever face. >> reporter: g.o.p. leaders and republican presidential candidates seem to remain quiet so far. many have made their scepticism of climate change science well-known in the past. bernie sanders was not pleased saying this is a step forward but it goes nowhere near far enough. the planet is in crisis. meanwhile his top democratic rival hillary clinton insisted that the fight to curb emissions must go on saying: former vice
president al gore said our grandchildren will reflect on humanity's moral stance to solve the change thousands of activists gathered near the eiffel tower this evening to protest the agreement. demonstrators say the final deal doesn't go far enough and that it won't save populations from the threat of rising sea levels, melting glaciers and other effects. argentina stands to be seriously affected by the climate deal. the country felt strongly about the issue and demanded that developed countries make bigger sacrifices in the agreement. >> reporter: latin american leaders will be delighted with the agreement reached in paris
because few regions suffer the consequence of climate change more than here. we've had draughts, flooding, the glaciers melting in the south, but the big question will be implementation. many of these countries suffer from fragile economies where the temptation is to go for the short fix, to exmroilt their oil and gas reserves in the short-term, where many of the policies required for lor lowering of fossil fuel is a long-term difficult. the other difficulty they have is in policing some of these policies, trying to check that farmers in the remote amazon juning gel of brazil. these are big problems that some of these leaders will face. they recognised the need to implement policies that will
lower the temperatures thament they will prove to be very difficult to implement in the coming months and years earlier today i spoke with david can'ter, an assistant professor of environmental studies at nyu. he stressed the difference between a framework and solution >> the important part to remember about this agreement is that it is a framework, as the president said, to support action on climate change. this particular agreement isn't going to solve climate change, but it will provide the architecture to provide the ability to reach the 2 degree target these nations will have to give a progress report every five years. >> yes. that was an important sticking point and one that really lasted in the negotiations until the end.
countries like india were pushing for a review only every 10 years. the fact that we are - that the u.s. was successful in pushing for this five year means that we increase the likelihood that we can ramp up ambition over time because right now the individual country contributions are not close to meeting in 2 degree target. the only way to get close to that is if we continue to ramp up ambition over time. these five-year reviews are critical a lot of these talks have been going on for years. we have heard of this for 20 years or so. the u.n. has tried to push it through. what's different here is we have all of the nations participating, not just the rich, but every nation. >> yes. if you look at the atmosphere in the room when it was gaveled in, it was surprising. the ones who have stymied in the past came out and endorsed the
deal. countries like china and india were happy with the language in the deal, countries like the small island states were also happy. the diversity of countries that come to the table with such different requirements and the things that they want to see in the deal, the fact that they are all happy shows that this is a very solid framework for moving forward what was different this time because we know even today or even when this negotiation and the vote was taking place, there seemed to be a little uncertainty. no-one knew if in this would go there you, whether some said at the last minute they're not comfortable with it this. >> you have to take your hat off to the french. they did a wonderful job at managing this event. there was goodwill after the attacks in paris, but the fact that you looked six years ago at the agreement or the lack of an agreement really in copenhagen and it was complete chaos to the
entity, the reason it didn't get the universal agreement was because it was done in back rooms amount 3 in the morning. the french made sure that everyone felt included in this process, that it was a transparent process. laurent fabius made sure everyone felt like their voice was heard more to come. the climate summit in paris is the focus of the deeper look. we look at the goals and how realistic they are for the countries that have agreed to them. other news for you tonight t swiss officials have begun criminal proceedings against two syrian nationals who were arrested in geneva on try. they are accused of manufacturing toxic gasses and explosives and bringing them into the country. four men also have tied to i.s.i.l. are being searched for. the area has been on high security since friday when there was a suspected i.s.i.l. member there in the area.
bernardino massacre the f.b.i. is back at a lake searching for anything linked to the attackers. they're looking for a hard drive of the attacker syed farook. they have retrieved several items, but they have not provided details. they say they have found all social media posts placed by tashfeen malik. she admits wanting to take part in a violent jihad. no background checks revealed those. prior to the attacks it has gated whether a former post should be considered. a 23-year-old man has been arrested in connection with a fire at a mosque. it was contained about 35 minutes later. no-one was hurt there. the suspect is due in court on wednesday. in the aftermath of the san
bernardino attack, anti-islamic sentiment is spreading beyond california. protesters were met by another group of demonstrators. >> reporter: here today we saw the armed members of a group calling its the bureau on american islamic relations demonstrating outside here. they were demonstrating against what they perceived as extremism coming from this mosque, the islamic association of north texas where in 2008 two men who prayed here were convicted of funneling money to terrorists. that investigation was closed and this mosque is an asset to this community. he says while these armed demonstrators were threatening and harassing in the way that they treated the people, he said this was all done out of fear.
>> we're clearly not terrorists. we're not violent, we're not dangerous. we're not the boogie man or anybody that should be feared. we are your friends, the neighbors, the colleagues, the school, at work, the classmates in school. we are your doctors, engineers. like any other american in society >> we don't know how many bad people are in that mosque. ichlt have you ever gone inside to check it out? >> no. what am i going to find? are they going to be wearing a sign saying i'm a jihadist? >> reporter: now it is legal to carry armed rifles in public in texas. so those demonstrators say they were here today invoking their first and second amendment rights and they say they're concerned with the muslim community we've seen what has happened there today, but have there been
any other examples of anti muslim acts or hates there? >> it is. just a few weekends ago the same group was protesting outside a mosque in irving where the 14-year-old who brought a home-made clock to school and was arrested, that's where he called home. the members of the muslim community here have said many times to me that they're feeling persecuted and there has been a rise in tension thank you for that. women cast their votes and stood as candidates in saudi arabia for the first time. it opens up the door for more equal society. saudi arabia is the only country where women can't drive. their male guardians can stop
them from travelling, marrying, working and even from having surgery. more from the capital. >> reporter: the end of an historic day here. polls of closed. it is the first time that women are stand and vote in elections. these is the third time that elections have taken place in the kingdom. vote counting will begin at any moment now. the scene here will be duplicated across all the polling stations across the country. people here are hoping that this is a significant step in the path towards having a more exclusive society, not only for women but also youth because, for example, the voting age has been reduced from 21 years to 18
years. whether any women will win any seats we will have to find out late on sunday. nonetheless, these are significant elections about 100 people held a peaceful demonstration in moscow calling for the removal of government officials that contributed to the economic issues. low oil prices in western sanctions have sent the russian economy into a recession. egypt's trial of hundreds of protesters accused of murder was postponed today after all 739 defendants could not fit inside the court room. the defendants were among thousands of demonstrators that were rounded up in august 2013 who were supporters of the president. it turned into a blood bath when security forces moved in to
clear the protesters. thousands of muslim brotherhood members were arrested and the group band. the cruise industry in australia is growing by 20% every year. so much so that the australian company p&o cruises have added two new ships to its fleet. this is despite high profile incidents in recent years such as the 2012 sinking of the costa concordia. >> reporter: every day during summer a monster nudges its way through sydney city center. in fact, most days there are more than one. the smaller cruise ships fit under the harbour bridge and birth just to its west. the giants get the prime berthing spot opposite the opera house. overall space in sydney is running out. its cruise terminals can handle
three ships at the time but there is enough demand for more berths. >> there is certainly a lot of research around the infrastructure here. >> reporter: the reason for the squeeze on space is it is growing more popular. to describe a ship like this as a floating hotel is to underplay its size. the vessels that are coming in and out of sydney harbour are huge and they're getting bigger all the time. cruising among australians has never been more popular with 20% market growth every year for more than a decade. 3.6% of all australians take a cruise each year. a higher percentage than in any other country. >> you get on and unpack and for the next couple of days whatever you want to do is here on the ship >> it is instant relaxing. >> reporter: on board these mega ships are swimming pools, bars, lots of restaurants and crew from all over the world.
>> you will see any anationality here. they may have tension back home but not here. >> reporter: four years ago off the coast of italy the costa concordia sunk. 32 people died. the share price of carnival, and other brands is almost 50% higher than it was before the accident. as an industry, then, cruises is cruising. -- cruising is cruising still to come, a volatile week on the presidential campaign trail. >> donnelley allowed j trump is calling-- donald trump is calling for a shut down of muslims entering the united states words to fire the storm.
his wife. meanwhile anti-islamic sentiment is spreading around the country. demonstrators protested outside a mosque in texas today. it accused the mosque of funding terrorist groups. >> we need a strong global agreement that reduces global carbon pollution and sets the world on a course to a low carbon future. aa few hours ago we succeeded and that was president obama applauding the global climb deal. 195 nations have agreed to it. some of highlights include limiting greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible, keeping the increase below 3.6 foreign height and the fairer countries will receive 100
billion in funds. >> reporter: the general sense is that this will now spur on greater investment into clean energy and green alternatives to fossil fuels. having said all that, we have to remember, though, that we are also hearing a range of opinions of the sort that nick was reporting from paris earlier. there is this welcoming of the fact that the temperature rise is hopefully going to be limited to under 2 degrees centigrade, hopefully 1.5 degrees, but there's also recognition that some of these key points aren't legally binding, partly because america didn't want it so they didn't have to go to congress. there is nothing legally binding in this deal that commits any country to reduce their emissions and despite what laurent fabius and others are saying in paris, there is no money for developing countries. there's a goal of a hundred
million dollars on the table, but that is not legally binding. it is in the pretext itself. we heard james hanson, the scientist who did so much to alert the world to the process of climate change, who has been called a fraud, and another is in paris who has noted the entire agreement, there's no mention of fossil fuels throughout the whole thing. activists are telling us that there are different ways of looking at it. you can be concept saal and say it is more of the same or say this is the most they're willing to do and we will use it to keep on pushing and mobilising countries around the carribean are fighting an a
threat of sea wood. climate change is said to be the cause. >> reporter: across the area it has become a daily rit aurics l. raking the beach clean either by machine or man. tonnes and tonnes of seaweed has been washed in ashore. >> it has been a really big issue, especially because by the time we noticed, it was a problem, it was already a big problem. >> reporter: this couple can barely stand to live in the area any more. the town's beachses are covered are rotting seaweed. >> it smells like rotten egg. >> reporter: in september a
natural disaster was declared. they paid thousands to pluck clean 100 miles of beach to protect its billion dollar a year tourist industry. >> our economy rests on the productivity of the tourism industry, either directly or indirectly. >> reporter: this man has been studying seaweed for 35 years. >> in the beginning it wasn't really a problem. it was an academic exercise. >> reporter: no more q the floating algae has always been around, but five years ago he noticed a spike. >> this is one of the species. >> reporter: today he is stunned by what he sees. >> i've never seen this much before. no-one can. >> reporter: what is fuelling the explosive growth is still unclear. experts say it's likely a combination of warming ocean
waters, changing currents, and fertiliser run-off from farms. >> if you can sum up for me why we're seeing so much seaweed up there. >> part of this is due to human activities on the planet. >> reporter: countries like mexico are now preparing for the next invasion. it's floating the idea of offshore booms to catch it before it arrives or boats to scoop it up. once it hits the sand it can damage beach and wildlife. >> for me it's not waste. it is just a resource for fertiliser. it's material we use and it's good for using it. so why not use it. >> reporter: all of this helps, but so far there's no complete solution. >> we need to be aware in the whole world that this is everybody's responsibility because the climate change is
everybody's to bear. >> reporter: here it is under their feet. a troubling sign scientists worry of a changing planet the climate summit in paris is the focus of tonight's deeper look. in our next hour, the goals that have been set will be looked at. this week in politics began with the address at the over office at the growing threat of terrorism. the remarks were quickly oversouth china seaed owed by the g.o.p. obama outlined his strategy of i.s.i.l., he called on muslims and ah-- americans to call on passion >> just as it is the responsibility for muslims to root out misguided ideas that lead to radicalization, it is the responsibility of all americans of every faith to reject discrimination. it is our responsibility to
reject religious tests on who we admit in this country the president as words were quickly eclipsed one day later when donald trump unveiled plans for a contentious immigration policy. >> donald trump is calling for a total and complete shut down of muslims entering the united states until our country's representatives can figure out what the hell is going on mr trump's announcement was condemned by many, including prominent members of his own party. >> this is not conservativism. what was proposed yesterday is not what this party stands for and, more importantly, it's not what this country stands for. >> this whole notion that somehow we can say no more muslim, just ban a whole religion, goes against everything we stand for and believe it we learn what americans
think of donald trump's proposal to ban muslims from entering the u.s. a new poll finds that nearly 60% of americans surveyed oppose the idea. 42% of the g.o.p. respondents support his idea while 36% oppose it. also making news republican candidate ben carson is threatening to leave the party following a report that republican leaders are trying to manipulate the nomination process. ben carson is angry about a washington post story that leaders have been meeting to discuss the possibility of a brokered convention. according to the post, some argue that if donald trump wins, the establishment ring should rally around alternative candidates. >> i think the party should not be doing anything that is deceptive and under the covers and that thwarts the will of the people.
traditionally i'm hopeful that we have better leadership now than we've had in the past before he spoke, ben carson issued a statement saying in part i would not sit by and watch a theft. if the winner is not our nominee, then we have a problem. my campaign is about we the people not they the powerful. donald trump has said if he is not treated fairly by the republican party he will consider running as an independent. let's dig into the politics now. a professor of campaign management at new york university and strategist and former aid to president bush. i want to start with you. we know about donald trump saying that he could possibly step outside the g.o.p. and now he is saying how would that fracture the party? >> it would. i think there is some talk fay the republicans would have a brokered convention this year.
it would be highly unusual. we haven't had had one since 1952, so it is not a common thing. if it happened it would be nobody won the majority of the delegates, they go to the convention and donald trump walks to an independent line and ben carson walks to an independent line. it may potentially fracture the party. let's keep in mind their big issue now is not just winning the presidency but holding the down ballot, the senate, the house and the governor ships and legislatures. the republicans own all of american politics, whether it is the legislature and the states. they are doing well. if they lose those in 2016 because they have somebody like donald trump at the top, that would be a huge loss for them. that's their main concern and that's why you've shown ben carson taking exception to donald trump's claim. they're worried about losing the legislature and all the other seats that they hold at the state and local level
we think about the third party candidates and, perhaps, the person who comes to mind, back to 1992 and ross peraau, if donald trump went in that direction would he be successful? >> if he decides to mount a third party candidacy, he would have a chance because again you wouldn't need 50% plus another%. donald trump knows that 68% of his current supporters would follow minimum out of the republican pirolate into an independent candidacy. he before he as way republican he was a democrat. he will speak to vote years who are angry and dissatisfied of both sides. he will speak to vote years who have fears about immigration and terror and those upset about the weak economy in the united states. he would be a force to be reckoned with. he could potentially win the
presidency in a three-way race. he would draw votes from the democratic and the republican do you agree? >> no. i have to disagree. we have never had an independent candidate win. he would have to get on every state ballot. it would be a huge battle. he would have a fractured republican party going in. it is highly unlikely that as an independent he would win the presidency. would he get to 18/19%? that would be an enormous credit to him but that is highly unlikely. he has about 35% of the republican party right now. that is only about 15% of the american population. he appeals to democrats as well, but how many democrats go over. we have hillary clinton looking like she may hold 75 to 80% of latino's at this point. that would make it difficult for an independent donald trump to win the presidency. it will be republicans even if
they don't have donald trump, looking at the demographics in this country keep saying the g.o.p. saying that they want to get behind any candidate. if that candidate is no longer jed bush, who do they support? >> jed bush will be the first choice, but you've got marco rubio, chris christie. ted cruise is an outsider so he is not an established candidate, but clearly marco rubio and chris christie would be ted cruz, speaking of him, he has seen a rise in polls lately. he has got some key endorsements. how someday he keep that momentum going because donald trump attacked him this week. >> absolutely.
as he started to win in iowa, when donald trump came out with this claim about muslims coming into the country, what i'm curious to see what happens at the debate, what are the fireworks, respectful or do they go at it because they have in press. ted cruz has the support of very con sifshtive-- conservative evangelists. is he going to get it? you are hard-pressed to say he could win something like new hemp shire, but ted cruz is. he is not looked at as an establishment candidate but he looked more establishment than a donald trump, so people may flock to him as well this week a big night ahead as the g.o.p. will be back up for another debate, last one for the year. donald trump's comments will come up during the debate, but
in the previous debates we haven't seen a lot of candidates really hit him hard, go head to head, face-to-face with him, calling him out. do we expect that in light of what he said this week that we will see that happen this time? >> well, the candidates hope to get so many supporters. if he ends up not being a republican candidate for president, people won't. he might be attacked by others and there may be something gained in that, but he is ahead by double digits. he is the guy to watch in this. you have to knock him off, take him out of first place with a strong performance and that's likely not to happen in this coming debate what is the risk in attacking donald trump. you hear some talk about donald
trump and disagree, but when it gets face-to-face you don't hear them go at him. what is the risk? >> everyone who has attacked him face on has dropped out of the race. you look at rick perry, you see him flounderring. it is a difficult task. probably fiorina has done the best job, but nobody who has taken him on has risen in the polls. it hasn't been a helpful strategy. i think that's where the candidates are having trouble t do you disagree with him politely, do you take him on strongly. the way to do this because nobody who has done it has gone up in the polls and many have gone down or gotten out of the race thank you both for joining us tonight. we appreciate it. politics is a topic of this week's episode of third rail. host john sits down with sheila
jackson. here is a preview. >> reporter: are you encouraged by the worldwide condemnation of donald trump's islam aphobia? even netanyahu have criticised donald trump on this. >> i am confident that america has voicess from both sides, realising that our response to terrorism should be embracing and our values by no means ever would support the - if i might say, horrific and nonsensical comments of the presidential candidate and this unified condemnation should lead, however, to solutions and so after condemnation, where are the solutions.
>> reporter: i'm afraid the condemnation is not quite unified. as you know, 65% of likely republican voters still say they support donald trump's calling to ban muslims from entering the country. how much does that worry you? >> i believe they are isolated group you can watch the entire opposite of third rail tomorrow at 5.30 eastern and 2.30 pacific here on al jazeera america. when we come back tonight, teenagers who never smoked a cigarette now suffering from nicotine poisoning. >> my heart was pounding fast and it was terrible t i just wanted to cry and go home the dangers of working on a tobacco farm next. plus this. >> reporter: scientists are
>> a deeper look at the divide in chicago. >> a lot of people here are angry. >> we can do something different. any new report out about child labor on tobacco farms in america. working on these farms is making many teenagers sick. the group is calling on the government to do something. >> the first time i went into a farm i was 12 years old. >> reporter: this 16-year-old girl says she keeps working in
these fields to support her family, even though she often gets sick. >> sometimes when i get home, i feel headaches, my feet are sore, my whole body is and i feel sick. >> reporter: human rights watch interviewed many like all and hull reported nausea, vomiting and headaches. >> my heart was pumping fast. i just wanted to cry. i wanted to like go home, but i couldn't >> reporter: these are symptoms of what's called green tobacco sickness or nicotine poisoning. it can be absorbed through the scien. the cdc risk says it rises when it mixs with rain or sweat. a bulletin read:
>> we may not know the long-term effects of absorbing nicotine through the skin, but it makes children sick in the short-term. >> reporter: human rights watch says many of the teens interviewed were also exposed to pesticides and most never got training to train themselves. >> it's about spray from trac r tractors. many felt ill >> reporter: the work is so has ordinarious, the group says the federal government and tobacco company should ban kids under 18 from working in jobs that bring them into contact with tobacco. >> reporter: what happens with this? >> we think they have responsibility to transition kids out of tobacco and to find them appropriate alternative opportunities. >> reporter: human rights watch says it has seen progress. last year the two largest
tobacco companies in the u.s. announced they would ban the hiring of kids understand on tobacco farms. >> reporter: you're citying a 16-year-old is still vulnerable? >> yes. they may look fully grown at 16 and 17, but their brains are still developing. these are kids who are too young to walk into a store and buy cigarettes and yet they're working long hours tending the tobacco that goes into the cigarettes. it has to change a spokesperson for the group which is the largest tobacco group in the u.s., it plans to keep 16-year-olds and older to work on their farms. they have to get consent from a guardian or parent and get training. here with a lock at what is coming up. >> reporter: a deal reached out of paris, nearly 200 countries, including the u.s., agree to
take aggressive measures to fight climate change. we will take a deeper look. >> no hate. no fee. refugees are welcome here. >> reporter: pro and anti muslim demonstrators gather outside a suburban mosque but they were met with opposition. the expected purchase of anguish language newspaper in asia has many wondering if the publication will soon be censored. a few stories ahead thank you. in iraq and syria part of i.s.i.l.'s propaganda strategy has included the destruction of priceless art and sites. they have waged war on the cultural heritage. 21st century technology may help restore it for future generations. >> reporter: packing up 3d cameras and all the materials volunteers in syria will need to photograph important sites of cultural heritage. we can't show the simple
low-cost cameras they will use because it might endanger the photographers. it is a race against time to send the cameras to syria. trying to keep one step ahead of i.s.i.l. fighters and their destruction of ancient sites, including the 2000 year old temple at palmyra which they destroyed in august. >> i.s.i.s. levels rubble behind. we can come in and in very short order put these structures back the way they were and people can get on with their lives. when they walk down the street, they see the family vistas, they go been their business as usual. that's the promise that these images hold. >> reporter: each one of these represents a photograph. >> reporter: the photos are rendered into architectural drawings. if in the future the syrians decide to rebuild the towers, colon structures, 3d equipment will
take over. >> this particular art structure, this is 15 metres high. it's not small. it also has a fair bit of surface detail. we can go from the photographs to an actual physical struck fewer in a period of about three months. it's a much shorter time than it would take from scratch with a solid block of stone and whittle away by hand. >> reporter: the items and cultural heritage of the region can't be underestimated. palmyra integrated various areas. >> it should be a guaivent unified region where cultures living together in a more harmonious fashion. the fact that i.s.i.s. destroys it, it represents disunity fracturing, if you will will, and the sort of symbolic problem that we see. >> reporter: being around
beautiful architecture is good, and if it is gone they loss identity. this is preserving history and an integral part of the region for the next generation i'm jonathan martin in new york. thank you for joining us this hour. the news continues in just a couple of minutes. have a goodnight everybody. body. >> water pressure hitting faults and making earthquakes. >> there were a lot of people that were telling me i need to be careful how i say things. >> how many lives have to be lost? >> "faultlines". >> what do we want? >> al jazeera america's hard-hitting...