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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  December 13, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EST

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87 people killed in burundi after coordinated attacks on military bases, the largest loss of life since violence began in april. live in doha. also ahead trying to bring stability to libya. an international conference gets underway in rome. history is made in paris with an international agreement on climate change, but now countries must implement it.
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find out how science fiction is helping to revive an ancient art in malaysia. the political crisis in burundi is escalating where security forces are accused of targeting young men in the capital of bujumbura. at least 87 people were killed in attacks on friday. that's the worst incident since the violence began. witnesses say dozens of bodies were found lying on the streets, some with their hands tied behind their backs. the arm says the people they killed were enemies of the state. it began with coordinated attacks by unidentified gunmen on three military sites. the u.n. security council has condemned the killing say it is ready to consider further steps. more from our correspondent in kenya.
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how are you streets in burundi right now? -- how are the streets in burundi right now? >> reporter: there is an uneasy calm on the streets in bujumbura, the capital of burundi. some of the airlines have that had cancelled flights have now resumed. the operation that is continuing in some suburbs of the capital, they are targeting young men and some of the suburbs being targeted the whole situation seems hayesy. do we-- hazy. do we know who were behind these attacks and launched them? >> reporter: no. no-one is claiming responsibility for the attacks
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on the military base and also on the streets at night. the government blames the opposition. the opposition say it is not them. that is one of the reasons why the government has been attacking young men who they not only blame of taking part in the demonstrations against the president successful third time bid, but the people they're blaming for the violence the big worry is, is burundi on the verge of civil war? >> reporter: indeed, that is one big risk that many people are fearing. it is also because of that fear that the international community is now talking about the deployment of u.n. peacekeepers to burundi. yes, people still remember what happened 10 years ago in the civil war. in burundi that began in 1993 and stopped in 2006 in which more than 300,000 people were
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killed when the groups were in action. we must say that so far the violence in burundi has been political. people have been fighting on political and also on both sides of the political divide. they are members from both ethnic groups. however, they're targeting, the continued targeting of the suburbs that are dominated by toutsin and leading to fears that civil war could be rekindled again a situation we need to keep watching closely now. thank you for that. an international conference is underway in rome with an aim to ending the conflict in libya. dozens of the country's representatives are expected to attend the meeting along with u.s. secretary of state john
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kerry. a u.n. brokered peace deal is to be signed. the nation has been in turmoil since gadaffi was was over thrown four years ago. our correspondent in rome. tell us what they're trying to put together there. a government that truly represents all libyans or just simply one that can fight i.s.i.l.? >> reporter: the international community's strategy at the moment seems to be to get as many libyan actors on board, as libyan players to agree to the u.n. deal and hopefully others will join at a later stage, others will sign on to that agreement. the message that is going to come out of this conference is that the international community wants to speck in a united, in a strong voice saying that the u.n. deal with the only way forward. now, they may be speaking in one voice, but the lynians are not.
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in deal has-- libyans are not. this has caused divisions in the government. there is internal frog men thugs within the rival governments. on friday they agreed to sign a deal on wednesday, but we have to make it very clear that the people who made that announcement in no way represent the parties on the ground. tows this tubruk is on board. the men who represented the gnc in that meeting has been sacked and the gmc released the statement saying he only represented himself and tunis. if you want an exclusive agreement to stabilize libya, you have to bring the actors on board. if the west decides to push ahead, recognise the government which is not exclusive, a government which does not-- inclusive, that does not enjoy
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consensus, this will enjoy further violence. who is going to defend that government especially since the armed groups on the ground are not supporting the u.n. deal all right. a big concern there no doubt. thanks for that. the leader of the armed group al-nusra front has rejected efforts, a conspiracy to revive and sustain the syrian government. he also criticised russia and iran's roles in the war. >> translation: the russians don't care about defying the syrian society. what matters to them is to have a number of military bases in syria. as for iran, it wants to spread its ideology amongst the syrian people to control and take over them politically there have been protests in the iraqi capital baghdad against the deployment of turkish troops near mosul.
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iraq's government has asked the u.n. security council to intervene and is accusing turkey of violating international law. turkey's president has refused to withdraw the soldiers. >> reporter: the dispute between the governments of iraq and turkey over the deployment of turkish troops into iraq seems to be spilling beyond political speeches. thousands of members of iraq's shia militias came out in the capital of baghdad. they're calling on the government to push out turkish troops from the north. >> translation: today turkey is at our doors. they're saying that they will end the turkish invasion by military means. we are watching these people who say they want to fight turkey. if necessity don't do their duty, then we will take action after a while. >> reporter: iraq's government has filed a formal complaint with the u.n. the prime minister want turkish forces to withdraw from iraq immediately. >> translation: sending
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turkey's armed forces without the permission of the iraqi government is not considered a help against terrorism. it is a blatant violation of iraq's sovereignty. there is no other military armed forces of any other country except turkey on the iraqi land. it is without our permission or knowledge. all said otherwise is pure fabrication. >> reporter: many believe other regional powers are influencing iraqi retrospect rock. since turkey recent shot down a russian war plane moscow is using methods to tell ankara that relations are no longer friendly. >> translation: they have been here for years. there is an agreement between the peshmerga iraqi troops, turkey and the u.s. to deliver mosul from i.s.i.l. but training fighters. they came in at a request. i think purr key will not pull out. >> reporter: turkey feels the
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prvens is importance not only for the fight against i.s.i.l. but for its long-term interest. they said they were sent there with mutual consent >> translation: we will not withdraw our troops. we can determined to continue the training process. we haven't dispatched combat troops to the area to fight but we sent reinforcements to protect our sol engineers who are training iraqi fighters. >> reporter: the disagreement between ankara and baghdad is an sensitive matter in iraq. politician and military officers have been told not to voice their opinions. others here will tell you that this war of words is not helpful for kurdish fighters who are manning a front line against i.s.i.l. that is more than 900 kilometres long plenty more still ahead including. >> we will make the voicing a stern warning from
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zimbabwe's 91-year-old leading to parties trying to succeed him.
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welcome back. recapping the headlining. burundi's army says at least 87 people have been killed in friday ace violence. dozens of bodies were found lying on the streets some with their hands tied behind their backs. an international conference is underway in rome with the aim of ending the conflict in libya.
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they're expected to urge the government to sign the u.n. brokered peace deal that was agreed on friday. the leader of syrian armed group al-nusra front has rejected saudi arabia efforts to unify the syrian position. it is called a conspiracy to revive and sustain the syrian government. 195 countries and the european union have said yes to a lapped mark deal on climate change after two weeks of intense negotiations at the co p21 summit in paris. the agreement asks all nations to limit their greenhouse gas emissions which will be reviewed every five years. nick clerk reports. >> reporter: the moment the world agreed to tackle climate change. so the paris agreement was born. emissions spilled over. to bring more than 190 countries together to come up with a universal pact was an
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extraordinary achievement. he banged the gavel again. >> translation: so i have been asked to bang the gavel again. it is a little one, but i think it can do great things. >> reporter: earlier there was a moment of high drama. suddenly the text appeared to throw up a difficulty. fears grew that agreement was some jeopardy. then apparently it was just typing errors due to lack of sleep. >> as a result of the finalisation of documents in haste by colleagues who had not slept for days, a number of errors were not detected in the document l9 as it was being finalised in the early hours of this morning. the secretariat regrets the errors and whoa apologise for the-- i would apologise for that. >> reporter: an acknowledgment of the deal done but also of the compromises made. >> in the end we compromised, dipping and developed countries.
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that is what it is about. we alcompromised. we come out all as winners. >> reporter: there was praise too from p.m. obama >> this agreement sends a powerful signal that the world is firmly committed to a low carbon future. that has the potential to unleash investment and innovation in clean energy at a scale we have never seen before. >> reporter: but at last a platform from which an assault can be launched. >> this is a good agreement. they have put on the table doing the best to get as close as they can to 1.5. >> reporter: earlier in the day civil action continued as activists were allowed to protest despite the state of emergency here in paris. it has taken months and years of
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pain of frustration since 209. spirits are high but very soon it will be all about putting the paris agreements into practice. nick clerk of course the details are important here. environmentalists are not entirely happy with it. the goal of the agreement is to limit warming to below 2 degrees celsius, but the commitments made so far by countries are not enough to accomplish this. they could hold warming to around 2.7 degrees we're told. poorer countries have pushed for a legally binding feel forcing rich countries to provide 100 billion dollars a year to help them cope with climate change, but in the final wording that figure isn't legally binding. so countries can choose what they want to pay. then there's accountability. how to make sure nations stick to their pledges. countries will how to report on how they're curbing emissions every five years, but it's not legally binding.
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countries can say they will make cuts but not follow through. china india and the philippines, we get their reactions. >> reporter: china's leaders are basking in the glory of being connected to an agreement. we will know what they will do when they produce their five-year plan next year. i have been to south-west china to a former steel mill town where the mill closed nine months ago with the loss of some 16 thousand jobs. why? the government labelled it a heavy polluter. the question now is whether this former mill is in a sense going to be a template for what's going to happen to other industries in other parts of the country. china has given a commitment that it will ensure that its
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greenhouse gas emissions peek by 2030. that is significant because china, of course, is the biggest emitter of those gasses. it also says that it hopes that at least 20% of all of its energy needs come from renewables also by 2030. china is in a unique position not only is it a heavy polluter, it is also possibly spending more money on efforts to combat pollution than any other country. >> reporter: a mixed response. on one hand the government is hailing it a victory, particularly for india's persistence when it comes to the needs of developing countries. on the other hand there has been some criticism. a leading environmentalist from india suggests that the deal say compromise. she said a number of key issues that developing cubs, including india were raising, haven't been agreed upon. they're not in this agreement and as a result india is going to have to continue fighting.
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it is also pointed out in terms of emissions cuts and finance developing countries don't have to begin this process of cutting emissions or adding to this global fund until 2020 which, perhaps, is a little too much time given that time is of the essence as we've been hearing from paris. also suggestions that key things india was looking for, sustainable living as well as climate justice are in the agreement which is what has made the indian environment minister very happy, but interestingly they're not in the operational part of the text which means there is no real commitment in terms of enacting these things on part of developed or developing countries. so a mixed bag here in india this morning. >> reporter: though not as per effect as they might have wanted it to be, the philippines delegation to the paris conference say they essentially feel the deal is acceptable and they see it as a significant step forward. what they would have wanteded to see, however, is stronger
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language used in some portions of the agreement. for example, they found it still too soft in terms of making it obligatory for developed nations to cut down on their carbon emissions. they wanted to see a more concrete figure put in place as opposed to an operational one. they also wanted to see more of a plan in terms of climate financing for countries that have the most to lose in terms of dealing with the effects of global warming. one such country, of course, the philippines that sees on average some 20 typhoons a year. now, these typhoons are increasing in number and becoming stronger as they cut across these islands. the philippine government is struggling to cope with the communities that are affected by these super typhoons. before one community can be recovered and be rehabilitated, another typhoon is already coming in. they wanted to see, again, a concrete figure and a mechanism put in place so that developed nations might help countries
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like the philippines become more resilient to the effects of global warming. however, the philippine delegation says they are happy with the intent and the spirit of the agreement as it stands right now and they can work out and fine tune the details in time we're getting reports of a blast in northern pakistan. we have been told 15 people have been killed and 50 wounded in a busy town. we're not clear what caused the blast, but let's go to our correspondent. he is joining us live and things might be a little bit clearer with him. what are you hearing? >> reporter: indeed. that powerful explosion rocked a busy marketplace which is about 240 kilometres north-west of the city, close to the border. we're told that the explosions were planted in a market where people do trading in used
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clothes because it is winter out there and, therefore, a number of people who were shopping there are amongst the victims. also we have reports from the political agent in that particular area that at least 15 people have been killed, a number of them in serious condition and the number is over 50. we expect the death toll to rise as well give us a little bit of background about this area. has it been embroiled in the fight with the taliban? >> reporter: first of all, it has seen for years the secretary tearian fight between the - sectarian fight between the shias and sunnis. it is not clear what nature it is of. we have to wait and see if there is an organization that claims responsibility, whether this is
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a secretary tearian anti shia attack or whether it's more than that - sectarian. at least 21 people have died in a fire the at a mental health clinic in russia's south-west region. many of those who were killed were bed ridden when the fire began at the state-run facility of the 50 people rescued at least 20 are badly injured. the death toll could rise it is feared. they're trying to figure out what caused the fire. hundreds of people in montenegro have held a progress march against joining nato after the balkan country was invited to be part of the alliance. the rally was led by pro-russia parties who want a referendum. those against the membership is because they bombed kosovo. zimbabwe's ruling party has ended its two day conference
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which highlighted divisions about who will take over from the president. the 91-year-old has led the country for 35 years and insists he will continue in office. that hasn't stopped two factions within the party discussion is who will succeed him. the president said there is no debate to be had. >> reporter: the president says he is the center of power and people shouldn't be talking about taking over from him one day because he is still in charge. he has this message to rival factions within the parties wanting to take over from him one day. >> this is the people's party. it is not your party. you will make things worse. >> reporter: factions and divisions within the ruling party dominated this conference. some people are saying nothing has come with more pressing issues as the struggling economy. many people know there are problems within the ruling party, especially when it comes
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to who will take over from the president one day. succession will continue to be a contentious issue the gam bia is now a republic. the move is to distance the west african nation from it's colonial past. it was controlled by britain for more than 150 years until independence in 1965. 95% of gam bia's 1.8 people are muslim. others are assured they will be able to follow their own religions results are coming in from saudi arabia's elections. so far three women have won seats. women voted and stood as candidates for the first time in saturday's local poll. around 900 women and six thousand men ran for the councils which is the only elected bodies. france is voting in the second round of regional elections with the far right looking to
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consolidate its lead. the national front party led by marine le pen caused a stir by winning the largest amount of votes in vote 1. the turn out in the second round will be key. only 50% of those el scrabble voted last week. -- eligible. china is remembering the issue. 30,000 people were killed after being captured by japanese forces in 19 is 37. the 7th star wars film is due for release this week. for 40 years the film has influenced many. it is now being used to update and revive interest in an ancient traditional art form. >> reporter: r 2 d2 and c3 po
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easily recognisedable. this is star wars in shadow puppets. elaborate shadows cast by intricately crafted leather puppets are projected onto a screen. the master puppeteer controls every move, provides the narration and the voices. while the traditional band of musicians plays the soundtrack. it is a concept dreamt up by designer and a friend. >> we do this so we want to reconnect youth with this traditional art. maybe if you use something which they can easily recognise, such as darth vader, then it will help the project. >> reporter: it came to fruition with a veteran of the art form, dane. he has seen the art dwindle over
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the decade. he hopes to keep this art alive. he started a gallery for visitors as well ace school where he trains puppeteers, crafts men and musicians. in the past it attracted crowds of us to a thousand people. that has more than halved with the juninger generation choosing to watch movies and concerts instead. the renewed interest in this comes as a pleasant surprise. >> i never expect there are so many audience come to watch our aappreciation. it is a good sign to me. >> reporter: the troop travels around malaysia giving performances which are being well received. >> most of the young people are excited because they think it is a crazy idea. how can you do something which is science fiction and with very old cultures. >> reporter: however, the show
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which has received permission from lucas, the produce of the star wars films, needs funding. until then it's only a 15-minute performance but still enough to revive a dying art >> it's still months before college football season kicks off, but the team at northwestern university is in the middle of a 40 hour work week. >> they are traveling more than even 10 years ago, they're being asked to sacrifice more they're asked to treat their sport as a year-round endeavor. so the demands on them are so intense that it has put them in a situation where it's like a fight or die situation.


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