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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  December 13, 2015 6:00am-6:31am EST

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trying to bring stability to libya, an international conference is under way in rome hello, welcome to al jazeera live from doha, i'm martine dennis. also to come on the programme. 87 people are killed after coordinated attacks on military sites in burundi. the largest loss of life since violence began in may [ speaking foreign language ] history is made in paris with an international agreement
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on climate change, but now the countries must implement it. plus, meet the palestinian family fighting efforts by settlers and the israeli government to evict them from the home they lived in for decades. >> but first, let's go to the international conference that's under way in rome, and is aiming to end the conflict in libya. members of the two main political factions are expected to attend, along with the u.s. secretary of state john kerry. representatives of both administrations have agreed to sign a u.n. brokered peace deal on friday. libya's been in turmoil since muammar gaddafi was overthrown four years ago. libya's two parliament have been vying for military and political
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control since august last year when the militias took over the capital tripoli. it forced out the internationally recognised government to the eastern city of tobruk. the u.n. brokered deal makes up a unified government made up by both sides. the two rival parliament are set to meet on wednesday, agreeing to sign up to that agreement. but the militias fighting on the ground have not confirmed whether they'd accept the u.n. deal and the main obstacles have been the disbanding of the militias and the removal of general khalifa haftar, the tobruk parliament's military commander. live to zeina khodr, who is at the meeting, to find out what is going on. >> the conference as been going on for a little while. who is in attendance, and who isn't? >> the libyan delegation has not arrived. what we do understand is representatives from the rival parliament will be here.
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the main players, if you like, i just got off the phone from a represent tiff from the central city of misrata. he will arrive and says misrata is on board, it is important. it is the back bone of the main armed group in tripoli, the libyan dawn alliance. you need to get as many players on board. it has to be seen as a libyan owned deal. the community is meeting to push forward efforts. to speak in one voice and show the international community is endorsed, showing support to the rival. we understand that the main players are expected to arrive. definitely there are splits within the rival administrations. >> thank you zeina khodr, for now. zeina khodr will continue with her coverage of that important meeting in rome to the political crisis in
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burundi, it's getting worse. military are accused of attacking young many. according to a report, 87 were killed on friday. witnesses say dozens of bodies were found playing on the streets, some with their hands behind their backs. the army says the people they killed are enemies of the state and it began with gord nated attacks by unidentified gunmen on three sites. the u.n. security council condemned the killings saying it's ready to consider further steps we can talk to a journalist with the east african weakly newspaper. it is moses and he joins us via skype from buj. can up tell us the nature of what is going on. who are these unidentified gunmen who have been attacking
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military sites? >> well, it is an ongoing question that has been happen g happening... however the complications... [ audio issues ] ..police and the army being attacked. and the government being attacked. armed group. it's been a long time. they have six months in there i'm afraid we'll have to end it there. as interesting as it is to talk to you, the quality of the line is so poor. sorry, thank you very much,
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indeed. moses. talking to us live from jeddah now, there's widespread opt fix amp a landmark climate change deal was agreed in paris. 195 countries and the european union said yes to the pact. after two weeks of intense negotiations. the agreement urges nations to limit the greenhouse gas emissions where it will be reviewed every five years. here is the environment editor, nick clarke. >> the moment the world agreed to tackle climate change. [ speaking foreign language ] [ cheering and applause ] >> reporter: and so the paris agreement was born. and emotions spilled over. to bring more than 190 countries together to come up with a fact, was an achievement. so much to lawrence fabius banged the gavel again. >> i have been arrived to bang
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-- asked to bang the the gavel again. it's a little gavel, it can do straight things earlier there was drama. the text appeared to put it in jeopardy. the agreement feared was in jeopardy. it was typing errors due to lack of sleep. >> as a result of the finalisation of documents in haste by colleagues who had not slept for day, a number of errors from not detected in the document l9 as it was being finalised in the early hours of this morning. the secretary regrets the errors and i apologise for the oversight. >> reporter: outside the main hall, acknowledgment of a deal down, and the compromises made. >> in the end we all compromised. developed countries compromised, developing countries compromised. that's what a negotiation is about, we all compromised, otherwise you wouldn't have this -- wouldn't have a negotiation. we come out all as winsers.
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>> there was praise, too, from president obama. >> this sends a signal that the world is committed to a low carbon future, having the effect of releasing invention and innovation of clean energy at a scale never seen before. >> reporter: at last a platform from which an assault can be launched. >> this is stronger than we anticipated. it is stronger than we anticipated. we thought it would be about 2 degrees increase. holding to 2 degrees increase. and they did their best to do as much as they can. >> earlier in the day. civil action continued as activists protested despite the emergency in paris. it's taken two years of effort to get to this point, not to say months and years, since -- of pain and frustration since copen hagan in 2009. especially is high, soon it will be about putting the paris agreement into practice.
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we are staying in france. voting it under way in the second round of regional elections, with the far right looking to con sol date its lead. the national front party headed by marie le pen caused a stir, winning the largest percentage of vote in the first round. turn occupant in the second is likely to -- turn out in the second stage is likely to play a role. a live shot of the former french president in paris casting his vote - nicholas sarcozy with his wife, casting his vote, in the second round of the elections, in which in the first round the national front did well indeed. he will be hoping in the second round the vote will turn more on its way. the socialist of the incumbent president francois holland did badly, coming in third in the last round.
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we'll see how it all turns out in these elections. that's a live scene in paris now. now, the far right strong showing in france, as we were saying from last week, is seen as a response to the attacks in november in paris, it's exactly a month since government opened fire on a crowded music venue, bars and restaurants in the french capital. 133 were killed. jonah hull reports. >> reporter: the i.s.i.l. attacks in paris that targeted sports fans, concert goers and diners happened a month ago. a month in which life from the banks of the senn to syria has changed dramatically. >> i think in the short to medium term, the world is only going to become more dangerous as a result of the things that are happening and that's a consequence of the fact that islamic state is so strong, and global jihadism is so strong.
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it was friday the 13th, and at least eight attackers opened fire randomly, with several detonating suicide vests. all were european citizens, some having returned with battle experience from syria, while others had lived as social outcasts in the suburbs of paris and brussels. >> there's an ambillical cord between the wars raging in syria and iraq. you have radicalized networks in the heart of europe. i.s.i.s. could not have carried out this massive attack in paris without having local, local recruits. paris followed a string of i.s.i.l. attacks on civilian targets, including the bombing of a russian passenger jet over egypt, that killed 224 people a fortnight earlier. >> western capitals responded with the rhetoric of war, with
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an expanded bombing campaign against i.s.i.l., amid the fear of attack at home. >> the western powers will not send boots on the ground to syria and iraq. this means that the response is, in terms of rhetoric, basically vocal. we are at war. the reality is we have the same strategy. >> the strikes, along with supporting local forces on the ground. it means it's a gradual strategy that could take years. >> it's been a bad month for refugees still filing into europe by the thousands each day. >> with perhaps two of the paris attackers believed to have entered europe among the refugee influx. border controls have been tightened and support grown for anti-immigrant parties on the far right. it's arguably been a good month for this man, bashar al-assad, whose army is the dominant force on the ground in syria, with the
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spotlight on eradicating i.s.i.l. he may benefit from the proverb, the enemy of mine enemy is my friend. above all, the emerging collision against the western countries in the wake of the attacks signalled a new reality, a threat to innocent life from washington no to moscow, possibly for years to come still to come - to musts for women in saudi arabia as strides are made for greater equality and democracy a group of detained asylum seekers go on hunger strike in the u.s., saying they've been denied due process.
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hello again. let's look at the top stories at al jazeera. an international conference is under way in rome, aiming to end the conflict in libya. they are expected to urge libya's rival governments to sign a u.n. brokered peace deal, which was agreed on friday burundi's army is carrying out raids in some neighbourhoods of the capital bujumbura. the army spokesman says 87 were killed in the violence on friday, after unidentified gunmen targeted military sites. according to witnesses dozens of bodies were found laying on the streets there's widespread global optimism after a landmark climate change deal was signed in paris, urging all nations to
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limit greenhouse gas emissions and report back every five years well, now that the paris agreement is being described as historic, that signals the end of the fossil fuel era. but the way ahead is slightly more complicated, as our science editor explains. [ clapping ] for thousands of delegates and world leaders who spent the last few weeks in climate choice, joy and relief at a deal. but once the cheering subsides, the tougher job of turning proposition into action begins. the paris agreement sets out a parliament to limit warming to below 2 degrees celsius, and strive to keep global temperatures at 1.5 degrees above preindustrial levels. the problem is commitments made by 187 countries in paris are not enough to do this. it's estimated that if they are
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achieved. they'll hold warming to between 2.7 and 3 degrees we are of the opinion that the agreement could have been more ambitious. we share the concerns of several that climate change does not put us on the part to prevent temperatures to below 2 degrees. >> the agreement asserts that greenhouse gas emissions must peak as soon as possible. to do this it relies on voluntary plans, as they stand, these see global emissions rise, and by a significant amount. it's an outcome bringing protesters out on to the streets of the cap fall manila. >> the interest of the countries like the philippines have not been adequately addressed, leaving the issue for countries, and not having a well defined target for emissions. actually makes it more dangerous for countries like the
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philippines for climate change the overall agreement is legally binding. some elements of it, including the pledges to curb emissions are not. in means the success of the agreement depends on political will. with each country setting its own goals and deciding whether to subscribe to a 5-year check up. one of the leading scientists put to this way... >> it's a fraud, a paying. it's worthless words. there's no action, just promises. as long as fossil fuels appear to be the cheapest fuels out there, we'll continue to be burnt. >> the agreement recycles a pledge from talks to raise 100 billion a year by 2020 to rich countries to help poor countries transform the economies. overall success in takeling climate change rests as it has on the shoulders of individual government. it's up to them to honour their
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good intentions. the leader of the armed group al nusra front denounced efforts syria groups. they called it a conspiracy to revive and sustain the government. they criticized russia and iran's roles in the war. >> translation: the russians don't care about dividing the syrian society. what matters to them is to have a number of military bases in syria. iran wants to spread ideology among the syrian people, to control and take over them politically results are coming in from the saudi arabian landmark municipal elections. women voted for the first time and were allowed to stand as candidates. at least three have been elected to sit on local councils. we have the latest. >> reporter: the doors have opened to a new era in saudi
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public life, with two mile stones reached. women gaining the right to vote and to stand as candidates in local elections. >> translation: i feel very happy that the king gave us this opportunity to vote. now we are equal to men. the journey to gender equality has been a slow one. so has the overall pace of political reform. the monarchy applies a literal interpretation of islamic law. and so far saudis voted in three elections to choose councils. >> i want to see the woman, to be more involved in every institution in the government and in the private sector, okay. to be part of the planning, part of the execution, part of the performance, part of the evaluation, she has to be always there. >> goodnight the scenes, saudi
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women do have powerful positions, sitting on the top advisory body, and most university graduates are female. yet even with such strides women did not drive themselves to the polls on saturday. a freedom women elsewhere enjoy. now supreme court judges in israel are considering an appeal from a palestinian family threatened with eviction. the family lives close to the al-aqsa mosque compound. stephanie dekker has more. >> reporter: in the shadows of the dome of the rock, this family has been renting this house in jerusalem's old city for more than 60 years, now she faces eviction to make way for israeli settlers. >> they are doing this to judalize jerusalem and bring settlers. they talk about peace, the reality is that they are taking the land.
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>> reporter: she should fall under protected tenants. who can't be evicted. but based on a court-appointed principle called abandonment, a family can be evicted if they didn't continuously occupy the building. it's been proved even though the family paid rent whilst not there. the family petitioned the supreme court. and the e.u. representative. it's a complicated legal story, boiling down to a wider law saying any property owned by jews before 1948, as this building was, should be returned to its owner. israel maintains that east jerusalem is an integral part of israel. the law applies here. >> settler groups active in east jerusalem usually use the loophole to take over property in east jerusalem, and try to evict tenants that live in such property. this law, of course, is discriminatory. because in the same israeli legal system, the same laws,
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property that was owned by palestinians, like most of the properties left behind by the palestinian refugees in west jerusalem and the rest of israel, all that cannot be returned to the owners. >> reporter: this is known as the muslim quarter of the old city. we are on the roof of nora's house. the fear is that over time palestinians will lose their homes to more israeli settlers. nora breaks down during the interview. it's not fair, she says. her mother died in this house, all her memories are here. over the years there has been an increase in settlement activity. while we were filming, a young girl, under armed guard, comes to tell nora "why are you here, this is ours. you are delusional." >> when i ask her what the problem is, she said the court has kicked nora out.
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now, according to human rights groups, more than 1,000 immigrants detained in the united states took part in hunger strikes since october. we have more from washington d.c. >> reporter: the size of the protest outside the department of homeland security's immigration and custom enforcement agency or ice was a deflection, a wave of misunderstandinger strikes at migrant detention centers that they have received. in alabama, texas, colorado, florida and new york, south asian asylum seekers are protesting against a system and any chance of a fair hearing. this was one of 26. he spent 11 months and 16 days there, travelling through 16 countries before reaching the u.s. fleeing bangladesh in fear of
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his life for his political views. >> there were 76 of us. every one was denied without parole or bond. they decided to send us home. that's when we decided to go on hunger strike. >> immigration advocacy groups say detainees are held in detention even though they pass a screening protest. and should be considered for parole immediately. >> built a system designed for mass detention. it's not about giving people the due process that they deserve. >> migrant rights groups think detaining asylum seekers for long stretches is built into the law. >> ice has a bed quota. it is required to maintain 34,000 beds for detainees at any
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time. it is required to guarantee profitability of private risen contractors. officials declined a request for an interview. the director of homeland securities argue because thousands of beds are maintained, doesn't mean it has to be filled. >> i don't know where he's getting statistics from. we are hearing that people are detained, for a long period of time. they are unable to get out. no matter what kind of evidence is used to show that they should be released. for now, they are not having much luck. going to washington to have a meeting to lay out concerns about the hunger strikers. the agency refused to do so opponents much brazil's president are expected to hold nationwide protests on sunday. dilma rousseff is blamed for
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leading the country into deep recession, seeing unemployment soar to almost 9%. young people are particularly affected as they struggle to find work. we have this report from rio de janeiro. >> reporter: we found vanessa at a job center in downtown rio de janeiro. for the last three months the 22-year-old has been job hunting and trying to get the money her former employer owes her. the delivery company she used to work for went out of business. all 300 employees lost their jobs. >> i can do whatever job comes up. everything is hard. i'm desperate. >> in brazil's recession, unemployment is rising across the board. but among people 18-24 years old, unemployment is highest. it's 19% according to the brazilian bureau of statistics, in the previous three years, it
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was 14% or lower. >> in years past, seasonal jobs offered a pass to a full-time job. this year, not so. stores are hiring fewer seasonal workers, and for those likely to get a job, there's no guarantee it will become full time. >> university opportunity says she beat out 15 other girls to land a seasonal job at a shoe store. initially she was hoping it will help pay for school expenses. her mother lost her job. she's the only one in her household earning an income. >> translation: with my mum win i'll be able to pay for the christmas dinner and language courses. >> while the president tries to fend off an impeachment, brazilians are watching prices rise and drop. >> i don't think it will change. brazil is not moving forward.
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>> reporter: both of these women look to the future and say they are bracing for more hardship don't forget, you can find out all the day's top stories and all the stories moving as well on the al jazeera website. [ ♪ ] hello, i'm richard gizbert, and you are at the "listening post". here or some of the media stories we are looking at. the san bernardino shootings,


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