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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  December 13, 2015 9:00am-9:31am EST

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>> trying to bring stability to libya, an international conference is underway in rome. >> hello, this is al jazeera live from doha. also healed in the program: >> violence disrupts the constitutional referendum in central africa republic, a test for whether national elections can take place this month. >> a landmark agreement in paris on climate change, but now
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countries must implement it. >> two milestones as strides are made for greater equality and democracy for women in saudi arabia. >> russias defense ministry summoned the turkish military attach each. moscow say a surveillance vessel fired warning shots to avoid a collision with a turkish fishing boat. the ministry said small argument were used against the boat after it failed to respond to radio contact and also warning flares were used. for more on this, omaral sala is in turkey gathering more information. what else have you learned? >> first of all, we spoke with the turkish foreign ministry.
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they confirmed the attache was summoned. when we asked for details from the turkish side, they said no comment. according to the russian version of events, early this morning, around 9:00 a.m., moscow time, a turkish fishing ship came close to the russian surveillance ship and the russians had to fire some rocket flares and visual signals trying to persuade them. the russians say they tried to establish communications with the approaching turkish vessel. that also apparently failed and then they had to file small arms. they came close, about 550 meters from each other. after the russians fired those
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small arms, the turkish. i sped away. >> can you put this hundred perspective for us against the backdrop of what's been happening between these two countries in the past weeks. >> we've seen escalated tensions, heated rhetoric. it all started, relations deteriorated when turkey downed a russian fighter jet on november, last month and the turks said that plane violated turkish air space. russia adopted economic sanctions against turkey and then there were heated accusations and counter accusations. the turks and the russians, well actually turkey tried to calm down the relations. the russians refused. a week ago, a russian naval ship
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passed through, one of the naval shapes was carrying a rocket. relations between the two countries are not going well and it could actually escalate even further. >> that remains to be seen. omar, thank you so much. and international conference is underway in rome told the conflict in libya. members of the two rival political factions are attending along with the u.s. secretary of state john kerry. they agreed to sign a u.n. brokered deal friday. libya has been in turmoil since momentum good was overthrown. the deal creates a unified
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government made up of people agreed to by both sides. the two rival parliaments were due to most wednesday to sign the agreement. they have not confirmed whether the troops on the ground will accept the deal. zeina, tell us how this meeting will impact whether or not this deal will actually happen, really affect what's happening on the ground. >> further meetings are being held with world leaders that have influence over libya factions. here are some of representatives of rival forces on the ground.
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some members from the two organizations are here. powerful players are here. we understand that negotiations are continuing. we're waiting for a press conference to be held by the u.s. special envoy, the u.s. secretary of state and the italian foreign minister to update us on what actually has been agreed. this whole conference is about giving support to the u.n. deem that is on the table. the international community wants to give the libyans a message that this is the way forward. there is an urgency for libyans to unite because of the growing strength have size as i will. >> thank you, we appreciate that very much. there are reports of heavy weapon fire in a muslim district in the capital.
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a research fellow at the thurmond institute of global -- we will get to that story in a moment. in the meantime, let's talk about what's happening in the climate change deal in paris. there's global optimism about the deal signed. some activists warn that the real hard work, that of implementing the work begins now. we have more on the challenges ahead. [ applause ] >> for thousands of delegates and many world leaders who have spent the last two weeks in climate talks, obvious joy and relief at a deal. once the cheering subsides, the
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much tougher job of turning promises into action begins. paris agreement sets out a target to limit warming to below two degrees celsius and strive to keep global temperatures at a maximum of 1.5 degrees above preville levels. the commitment made are not enough to do this. it's estimated that even if they achieve, they'll only hold warming to 3.7 to two degrees. >> we share the concern that the agreement does not permit us to keep below two degrees. >> as they stand, these plans would see global emissions continue to rise and by a significant amount. it's an outcome that brought
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protestors on to the streets of the philippine capital manila. >> the interests of countries like the philippines have not been adequately addressed, leaving the decisions for countries and not having a very well defined target for emissions absolutely makes it more dangerous for the philippines for climate change. >> the agreement is legally binding. some pledges are knot. this means the instructions of the agreement depends entirely on political will, with each count rip setting its own goals and even deciding whether to sign up for a five year checkup on what progress it's making. one of the world's leading scientist puts it this way. >>ized a fraud, a fake, just worthless words, there is no action, just promises. as long as fossil fuels appear to be the cheapest out there,
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they will continue to be burned. >> the agreement recycles a pledge from previous talks to raise money from rich countries to help poor countries transform they are economies. overall change rests on the shoulders of individual governments as it always has. it's up to them to second basemannor their promises and good intentions and turn their words into actions. >> the burmese army is carrying out raised in some neighborhoods of the capital. the army spokesman said 87 people were killed in violence after a gunman targeted military sites. dozens of bodies were found lying on the streets on saturday. we have this update from the kenyan capital, nairobi. >> tension is high in the burundi capital bujumbura. there is a massive police swoop that is targeting some
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neighborhoods of the city where police have arrested a number of young men and taken them away. others were also shot on the streets. the government has denied it has killed civilians and say all killed are people it's calling he mys of the state. the opposition has denied, however, that they have been involved in the violence with the man who's considered the face of burundi opposition. it is up to the government to tell the people who is actually carrying out the killings and who is continuing with this violence, saying that the opposition are not even united enough to come together to issue one press release and that they do not have the capacity to carry out killings against anyone. now with the continuing violence in burundi, there are fears that
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it could rekindle civil war in the country. this country has gone through civil war from 1993 to 2005, and this is something that is still fresh in people's mind. that is why more than 200,000 people have crossed the borders to seek asylum in rwanda and the united nations is concerned on the issue of civilian protection and now is contemplating deployment of u.n. peacekeepers. >> still to come in the program, the new reality after last month's attacks in paris and the feelings that city streets in europe are no longer safe. >> here in new york, street art is becoming more prevalent and the street artists themselves gaining worldwide attention. that story, coming up.
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>> "inside story" takes you beyond the headlines, beyond the quick cuts, beyond the soundbites. we're giving you a deeper dive into the stories that are making our world what it is. >> russia's defense ministry summoned the turkish attache over warning shots being fired. an international conference is underway in rome, aiming to end the conflict in libya. members have the two rival political factions are attending, along with u.s. secretary of state john kerry. representatives of both administrations agree to sign a u.n. brokered peace deal on
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friday. >> there are reports of heavy weapons fire in a mostly muslim district in the capital of central african republic. the weapons were being used near a school where people were queuing to vote in a referendum on the countries new constitution. the international front party led by marie lepen caused a stir by winning the largest share of the vote in the first round. this round suggestion the party is likely to win control of france's 13 regions. now the far right's strong showing in france's regional polls is seen as a response to response to november attacks in paris. 132 people were killed. jonah hull reports on the impact of those attacks. >> the isil attacks in paris
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that targeted sports fans, concert goers and dangers happened a month ago, a month in which life has changed dramatically. >> i think the world is only going to become more dangerous as a result of things that are happening and that's the consequence of the fact that islamic state has become so strong and jihadism has become so strong. >> it was friday the 13th and eight attackers opened fire randomly with several detonating suicide vests. all were european citizens. >> there's an umbilical cord between the wars that are raging in iraq and european security. you have radicalized limited
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networks in the heart of europe. isis could not have carried out this massive attack in paris without having local recruits. >> paris followed a string of isil attacks on civilian targets including the bombing of a russian passenger jet that killed people a fort night earlier. russian expanded bombing in syria amid the creeping fear of attack at home. >> the western powers will not send boots on the ground to syria and iraq. this means that the response is in terms of rhetoric basically vocal. we are at war, the reality is the same stretch, airstrikes, along with supporting local forces on the ground.
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it's a long gradual strategy that will take years. >> it's been a bad month for refugees still filing into europe by the thousands each day. with perhaps two of the paris attackers believed to have entered europe among the refugee influx border controls have been tightened and support has grown for anti immigrant parties on the far right. it's arguably been a good month, however, for this man, bashar al assad, whose army is the dominant force on the ground in syria with the spotlight now on eradicating isil, he may benefit from the ancient proverb the enemy of my enemy is my friend. >> the wake of the paris attacks has signaled a new reality, a constant threat to innocent life from washington to moscow possibly for years to come. al jazeera, london.
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initial results are coming in from saudi arabia's landmark municipal elections. women voted for the first time. they were also allowed to stapled at candidates. seven women have been elected to local councils so far. we have the latest. the doors have opened to a new era in saudi public life with two milestones reached, women gaining the right to vote and to stand at candidates in local elections. >> i feel very happy to the king has given us this opportunity to vote. now we're equal to men. >> the journey to gender equality has been a slow one. so has the overall pace of political reform. the monarchy often applies a literal interpretation of islamic law and so far women have voted in three elections. >> i want to see the woman to be
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more involved in every institution in the government and the private sector, ok, to be part of the plan, part of the execution, part of the performance, part of the evaluation, she has to be always there. >> behind the scenes, saudi women do already have powerful positions. they sit on the country's top advisory body. women still didn't drive themselves to the polls, a freedom women elsewhere enjoy. an appeal from a palestinian family threatened with eviction is being heard by the court. we have more. >> in the shadows of the dome of the rock, this family has been renting this house in
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jerusalem's old city for 60 years. she neighborses eviction to make way for israeli settlers. they are doing this to jerusalem and to bring settlers. they talk about peace, but the reality is that they are taking the land. >> she should fall under protected tenants who cannot be evicted but based on abandonment, a family can be evicted if it's proven that they didn't continuously occupy the property. that's been proven by the jewish trust even though the family continued to pay rent while they weren't there. it's a complicated legal story but boils down to a wider israeli law that says any property owned by jews before 1948 should be returned to its historical owner. israeli maintains jerusalem is an integral part of israel to the law applies here.
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>> groups that are active in east jerusalem usually use this loophole to take over property in east jerusalem and try to evict the tenant that is live in touch property. this law is discriminatory, because in the same system and under the same laws, property that was opened by palestinians prior to 1948 like most of the properties left behind by refugees in west jerusalem and rest of the israel, all that property can be returned to the former palestinian owners. >> we're on the roof of norah's house. the fear among palestinians living here is slowly over time, them lose their homes to more israeli settlers. norah breaks down during our interview. it's not fair, she says, her mother died in this house. all her memories are here.
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over the years, there's been an increase in settlement activity here. while we were filming, a young girl under armed guard says this is ours, why are you still here, you are delusion al. she says the court has already kicked norah out. israeli police say a palestinian woman has been shot after allegedly stabbing an israeli in the occupied west bank. there is no information yet on the condition of the palestinian or the israeli. now of course going back to september, 119 palestinians and 12 israelis have died in a wave of attacks across israel and the palestinian territory. >> the leader of the armed group al-nusra front reject saudi efforts to unify the syrian opposition. it was called a conspiracy to
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revive and sustain the syrian government. he criticized russia's and iran's role in the war. >> the russians don't care about dividing the syrian society. what matters to them is to have a number of military bases in syria, as for iran, it wants to spread its ideology to control and take over them politically. >> passengers have been left stranded in indonesia off the voluntary vain knowic ash forced one of its airport to close near the city often used by tourists. seismic activity has increased over the past month. it was one of dozens of active volcanos around the shores of the pacific ocean. opponents of brass still's president are expected to hold nationwide protests on sunday. president rousseff is blamed for the deep recession with unemployment of almost 9%.
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we have a report from rio de janeiro. >> we found vanessa as a job center in downtown rio de janeiro. 22-year-old has been job hunting and trying to get the money her former employer owes her. the delivery company should used to work for went out of business and all 300 employees lost their jobs. >> i can do whatever job comes up. everything is really hard. i'm desperate. >> in brazil's recession, unemployment is rising across the board. among people 18-24, unemployment is highest. it's 19%, according to the brazilian bureau of statistics. >> in year's past, seasonal jobs in brazil offered a certain path to a full time job. this year, stores are hiring few
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err seasonal workers and those lucky enough to get a temporary job, there's no guarantee of full time. >> university students she beat out 15 other girls to land this seasonal job at a shoe store. she hoped it would help pay her school expenses, but her more recently lost her job, so now she's the only one in her house hold earning and income. >> with my money, i'll be able to pay for the christmas dinner and pay for my language courses. >> while president roussef tries to fend off an impeachment. brazilians are watching prices rise and wages drop. >> i don't think it's going to change. brazil is not moving forward. >> both women look to the immediate future and say they are bracing for more hardship. al jazeera, rio de janeiro.
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>> an anonymous street artist has been placing video game characters made from tiles on new york buildings. it's part of street art making some artists world famous. we have this report from new york. >> all over new york, some interesting and unique new art has people looking up. works by a parission street artist have been popping up all over the city. the artist goes by the name invader, taken from a classic video game. new york was the target of tile murals he has in 65 other certify cities throughout the world. recent works have sold at an auction for hundreds of thousands of dollars. some earlier works have disappeared from their original spots. >> engee what he does and stuff. i want to see him.
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a lot of people will destroy it, so you've got to act quick to say them. >> pretty much every single piece that he put up was stolen. now he has to be higher. >> sometimes as high as a building's top floors. graffiti and street art may have started as reaction to urban blight and decay but street artists are gaining worldwide attention. >> i think of street art as growing up in a moment of more gentrified cities where the experience on the street is of ads and brands and then people come along doing this more poppy, stencil based, image based stuff creating their own brand and taking back space in that way. >> classic art collectors may look down on street artists, but people here continue to look up at the next piece of art to appear. al jazeera, new york.
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>> there's plenty more news happening throughout the day. you can always check out our website for all the breaking news. we have an eye to what is happening in rome and libya. keep it here. >> religion. long the spiritual nourishment of the soul. now groundbreaking research on how it impacts the brain. >> because it's the biggest question out there. >> scientists analyzing the minds of believers. >> can you tell the difference between the brain of mother theresa versus a terrorist? >> measuring the divine one brain scan at a time. >> this is "techknow". a show about innovations that can change lives. >> the science of fighting a wildfire. >> we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity, t


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