tv Weekend News Al Jazeera January 16, 2016 11:00am-11:31am EST
>> taiwan's presidential candidate claims a big win and that could have a major impact on relations with china. >> sanctions over iran's nuclear program will be lifted in the coming hour as diplomats gather if vienna. burkina faso's security forces storm a hotel that was taken over al-qaeda-link. 23 are dead.
this entrepreneur in india said that new help for start ups could be just his cup of tea. well, tie want will get its first female president. the economy in taiwan's relations with china has been the main election issues. we have reports from taipei. >> history was made on saturday night. the first woman president was elected by a landslide. tsia ing-wen was elected, and on this night, the woman who likens herself to angela merkel, stands
as president. >> we have told the international community that democracy is part of the lives of th taiwanese people. >> sorry, everyone, i, eric chu, let you down. we have been defeated. the kmt lost the election. we didn't do well and failed our supporters' expectations. >> some nationalist party supporters are not sure of what comes next. >> this is a big impact for our country. i feel taiwan is stepping into an unknown situation. we don't know what will happen in the future. >> you canning in a new championship for for taiwan, it is now the ruling party, representing a shift in power that this island has never seen, and something that the younger
generations are eager for. the future of taiwan will be better, and young people will now have a better future and the next generation will be much better. >> in her victory speech, tsai. a knicks g-wei ing-wen thanked the people of taiwan and warned china against provocative acts. >> we'll continue to communicate with china. i'll follow taiwan's best interest and make sure that the relationship will carry on as it has before. >> within hours of winning the new president walking the delicate balance that will be the core of her job over the next four years. pushing forward with her position on independence while maintaining good relations with taiwan's huge neighbor across the strait. a neighbor who still views the island as it's own territory.
al jazeera, taipei. >> we go to the china national studies who tells us that the outcome has been watched extremely closely in china. >> ms. tsai herself does have a track record of promoting the indians of taiwan, and not recognizing, one, china, which includes both taiwan and mainland china. on that note there is concern that once she becomes president of taiwan, if she'll continue in that dangerous direction and jeopardize the over all relations. i hope she will not. i hope she will have enough judgment and sanity and sufficient amount of caring for the benefits and interests of the people of taiwan. what people in taiwan really want is peace and stability, and a good relations between the two sides of the taiwan strait both
in terms of economic and trade relations but also eventually in terms of the political relations. there are extreme elements in taiwan, which want to push more independence. that goal is not realistic, and it will never be fulfilled. >> the iran your deal is expected to be imprin limited thby the end of the day. there will be discussions in the plan of action to implement the court. iran's foreign minister said he believes the sanctions will be removed after the atomic watchdog report is published.
>> today is a day when we prove to the world that threats, sanctions intimidation don't work. respect works. true respect, true dialogue, true negotiations, we can impact reach mutually acceptable restitutions implement mul-- reach mutually acceptable solutions, and move forward where not force, not pressure, we'll prevail. >> there has been another development in the holding of jason rezaian who has been released from iran in a swap deal. rezaian is a bureau chief for the "washington post" and has
dual u.s.-iranian citizenship. the u.s. will release seven, a . >> 39-year-old jason rezaian was arrested with his wife and two photo journalists in iran in 2014. his five and colleagues were subsequently released. but rezaian was put on trial for charges including espionage. rezaian grew up in southern california the son of an iranian father and american mother. he has dually nationality. he became the "washington post" correspondent in 2012. according to state run media he was accused of collecting confidential information and spreading anti-iranian propaganda. they repeatedly called rezaian a spy. those are accusations that hi
the post deny. rezaian's family said that he has been deteriorating and has not had access to family and friends. the first idea of a swap was brought up back in august saturday's announcements still came as a complete surprise. paul brennan, al jazeera. >> we'll get more on that in a moment were roslind jordan. you can see her in washington, d.c. first to jacky rowland where the deal is expected to be announced. could anything go wrong this late in the day, jackie? >> well all the mood music we're getting at the moment suggests
that we're going to receive a positive announcement very soon. there have been meetings in vienna, i'm at the international atomic agency itself at the moment where everyone is poised in this corridor for the arrival of the secretary of state and foreign minister to make an announcement that the conditions have been met, and that the deal lifting sanctions against iran will be implemented as of now. that would mean unfreezing iranian assets, $1 billion of iranian assets are frozen in the west. and there is a lot at stake for everyone here. >> it's not going to happen in one go. it's going to be bit by bit
depending on meeting other conditions as well, yes? >> well essentially the main package of conditions would need to be fulfilled as per the iaea report, the due diligence, which we're expecting to have published shortly. those main conditions were that iran had to drastically reduce it's enreached uranium program. and usually heavy water reactor at the facility. the core of the reactor had to be removed, and that hole had to be filled in with cement basically rendering the reactor useless. those are the key conditions. once they're fulfilled we could see about $30 billion of those
facets unfrozen immediately, and then the whole question of western firms, shell and other oil companies in iran ready for talks there. did it would still not be possible for companies to sell weapons to iran, and the u.s. has a number of sanctions in place on issues regarding human rights and the state department terrorism list. so it's primarily in europe certainly that the sanctions, the lifting of these sanctions will be important. but also it will mean that european companies can start doing business with iran without fear of being punished by the united states. because up until now if an european country decides to try
and do business with an iranian firm, then they risk losing contracts with the u.s. it's all been quite complicated. layers of sanctions, but given as as long as the positiv positive positive announcement comes, then that whole network of sanctions will start to be undone, hopefully the irans are suggesting pretty emanantly easing on saturday. >> you mention there had what might happen in the united states. roslind jordan live for us now in washington, d.c. okay, some of the sanctions are more complicated as it involves iran, but i wanted to ask you about congress. there have been noises from inside the capitaling in. they don't like this at all, and they could make life walk arrested for president obama, who wants to see it go through. >> there has been a lot of criticism particularly from congressional republicans about
whether the executive branch, whether the white house really had the authority to even negotiate this deal in the first place because there is a provision in the u.s. constitution that allows congress to basically have the final say on treaties, and i use that word in quotes. the administration argued that this is an international negotiation it's not technically a treaty. so the white house has been very firm in saying that any sort of legislation that could restrict it's ability to work on this deal to try to change the terms of the deal because it's not something that the u.s. once did by itself could basically take a lot of vetoes. if it were to go through it could torch what the u.s. said is in the country's clear national security interests getting rid of the potential nuclear weapons program in the middle east.
there are still a lot of noise coming from capitol hill, david, that even if this does go through implementation does go through, that they're trying to find ways to thwart the u.s. ability to make good on its promise to lift sanctions depending on iran's performance under this deal. >> and it could end up in the courts if congress decides toughie to itto veto it. , etc., etc. what about the others. there are those in your country at the moment who say hold on this is a prisoner swap, and some of those prisoners, we tonight think they should be leaving. >> there are at least 11 iranians, some of them with dual u.s.-iranian citizenship who have in prison.
they were in prison for selling equipment or material to the iranian government or to iranian companies in violation of existing u.s. sanctions. they are prosecuted in the u.s. courts. they have been sent to prison from anywhere to two years to upwards of 10, 15 years. they've had to pay a lot of fines as a result. obviously the idea that of doing a prisoner swap even though it would get back jason rezaian, a christian minister and one other person, even though they would welcome this, they would not like the idea of these people who were tried and convicted and sent to prison for violating u.s. sanctions to suddenly get out of jail free card, which is essentially what would be happening. what is curious, though, is we have not had any official comment yet either from the u.s. state department or from the u.s. justice department, which was responsible for the
prosecution of these 11 people to talk about whether or not there is, in fact, a prisoner swap under way. >> thank you, roz. you're watching al jazeera coming up in just a couple of minutes. thousands in the german city of stuttgart showing support for an open door policy for refugees. and nepal's black market spring up in kathmandu to supply fuel and other essentials. >> understanding the epidemic. >> it was terrifying. >> it's like navigating a minefield. >> go inside the new medical breakthrough. >> you had quite a reaction there. >> that's crazy. >> i really feel my life changing. >> the freedom is unbelievable. >> techknow's team of experts show you how the miracles of science... >> this is what innovation looks like. >> ...can affect and surpise us. >> i feel like we're making an impact. >> let's do it. >> techknow, where technology
pro-democracy candidate tsai ing-wen would become the island's first female leader. iran is confident that international sanctions will be lifted over a deal of its nuclear program. the "washington post" journalist jason rezaian is one of four men freed in a prisoner swap. at least 23 people some of them foreigners are now known to have died in an attack on burkina faso's capital. attackers stormed a building and took more than 100 people hostage. >> gunfire running out throughout the night as explosions were heard from inside.
mass gunmen stormed the upscale hotel setting cars on fire and attacking the cafe across the street. >> it was horrible because everyone was panicking. everyone were lying on the ground, and there was blood everywhere. they were shooting people at point blank range. the explosion was really loud. honestly, it was traumatizing. i think these people are really wicked. >> french troops were called in to help security forces retake the hotel. they rescued dozens of people. many were shot and are receiving treatment in hospital. >> we did our best to get out. she shot me in the arm and i have an open fracture. they destroyed my vehicle well. >> al-qaeda's regional affiliate called al-qaeda
islamic maghreb claimed responsibility for the assault. the president was elected two months ago as burkina faso's first new leader i this is his first crisis to deal with. >> it is important that we can share information with our neighboring countries and share military means to fight against the scourge. >> the challenge for him now is to come up with a long-term plan to tackle armed groups. >> staying in burkina faso, an austrian doctor and his wife has been kidnapped. they had been working as
volunteers. the bodies of two men and three women have been recovered. the coast guard released the video of their latest rescue of refugees crowded on to a dinghy. they hit rough seas and they were taken to safety off the italian coasts. >> saturday morning in stuttgart and thousands of people were on the streets, drawn here to show their support for the coalition government. recent opinion polls suggest a growing number of germans think
they should not be quite so welcoming. but in stuttgart that sentiment was absent. >> we're here to show a strong signal against right-wing populists. this is a long difficult path, but we're on the right one. >> for these people the issues were clear. >> violence like what happened on new year's eve cannot be blamed on the refugee. this is unfortunately part of hupty, and we need to stand against it every day. not simply the violence against women, but violence in general. >> we want to make sure that everyone knows that they are safe here and that they're welcome here. >> the organizers of this demonstration had called for around 10,000 people to come out on the streets of stuttgart today. in the event around 3.5000 people here but the events have been overwhelmingly peaceful.
>> that was in stark contrast to these scenes in cologne. when supporters of the far-right movement pegida through rocks and other objects at police, who were forced to use water canon to restore order. then more violence on monday at another far right rally in the eve eastern city of lipstig: they would come out in stuttgart to show their short of germany. they would select a new parliament in march providing the first test of how german voters really view their government's asylum policy. >> another official blockade of fuel and other essentials supplied into me mall has forced illegal black markets to spring up. the bloc blockade was brought
about by nepal's new constitution. >> it's early morning in kathmandu. these people have traveled long distances every bus is full of fuel, petrol and cooking gas that will be sold in the city illegally. >> we have to buy from the black market. can the government stop us? the police is right there in the police station. >> since september imports of fuel and other essentials have been limited. that's because there have been protests against nepal's constitution that have blocked roads near the border with india. only half the required amount of fuel is coming to the country through legal channels to get petrol from this pump they have to get an official letter from authorities. >> the black market price is
around three times the amount. cost of cooking gas is around $80. which is seven times the government price. for those with enough money and the right contacts the blackhawks market provides a way out of the current crisis. >> we found a person willing to take us to a village near the indian border. that's where most of the black market fuel is coming through. the journey takes us 12 hours overnight. our source does not want to show his face. >> they tell us to be discrete. sometimes they tell us to put money under the tents or between papers. these activities are normal. >> when we arrive we notice almost every house has become a fuel shop. people from across the border in india come to sell fuel each carrying up to 300 leaders which
is are store in these barrels and sent across nepal. an estimated $10 million of fuel is sold through the black market every month. >> you the either the government should subsidize fuel for the people or it shouldn't make it difficult for those transporting fuel into the country. the government should bring in fuel wherever possible. >> by the end of the day a lot of money has exchanged hands. many worry about their future if this crisis continues. but for those with a chance to cash in, it's a golden opportunity. >> indian government is trying to give young interprets a boost with the new initiative that encourages them to start new companies. the country's bureaucracy and complicated tax systems are proving to be obstacles.
>> this high-end chai store is a success story. within a few short years it has more than a dozen locations in and around india's two largest cities. but as with any new venture it was not he is. it's especially difficult in india why no nor forrously slow bureaucracies can make it difficult before a venture even starts. >> the government is launching it's start up india program to encourage and promote new businesses. something that entrepreneurs hearsay they've been waiting a long time for. >> tax incentives and less bureaucracy are among the main goals that entrepreneurs hope the government will address in its program to promote start ups so investment and starting their business is easier. and encouraging start ups in
india could be enough itself to give the sector a boost. >> entrepreneurs say people's mindsets about start ups are changing. adding it's a different environment now than it was when he set up the his first business 12 years ago. >> the biggest thing is people are accepting it more. even when the supplies and no one would take me seriously. but now customers also expect a lot from start ups where they don't even understand them. >> analysts say promoting start ups over large-scale businesses may be of national importance because india will need an estimated 140 new jobs in th 140--140 million new jobs for the next decade. >> back at the chai shop they
hope that the new program will make it easier for the business to grow. for the government, it hopes these small companies will encourage investment and drive growth. al jazeera. >> a reminder take a look at www.aljazeera.com. together, paul kagame is also accused of brutally suppressing dissent. so is kagame a savior or a dictator? we sent journalist sorious samura to find out. >> for centuries the tribes of this country lived together without tribal atrocities, and nothing like the rwandan