>> defense secretary ash carter meets to plan the next steps in fighting i.s.i.l. economic anxiety. the corporate and political elite are meeting in davo switzerland against a backdrop of plunging stock market and oil price he. nasa and noaa determine 2015 was the hottest year on record, what that means for the future. good evening, i'm antonio mora, this is al jazeera america's international news hour. we begin tonight in northwestern pakistan where gunmen stormed a university killing 20 people mostly students and teachers including one who fired back at the attackers allowing some students to escape, military killed the four gunmen in the
hours long battle. pakistani prime minister nowaz sleef. the white house joined sharif in condemning the attack. al jazeera's victoria gatenby has the story including why part of the taliban is distancing itself from today's events. >> reporter: the students who survived the attack are recovering in hospital. some came face to face with the men who tried to kill him. >> translator: i was sitting in class when the firing started, we ran upstairs to the third floor of the office, i came in and the terrorists opened fire at me. i ran upstairs then fell unconscious. >> armed men stormed the building and opened fire at students and staff. the attack was apparently timed to cause maximum devastation. 600 guests were visiting the
campus to mark the anniversary of the death of the man the university is named after, he was the founder of a liberal antitaliban political party. the pakistani army is investigating the attack and says it has identified some of the men through evidence found at the scene. >> translator: we recovered two cell phones, telephone calls were made among the terrorists, the voice recordings are listened to and analyzed and an intelligence figure has been formed of the terrorists. >> pakhtunkhwa university, pakistani taliban says it is not behind this assault and has discredited the group that claimed responsibility. ffers. >> the terrorists have carried out an act of cowardice which
killed many of them but some are still on the run. they attacked a soft target, a university. i've spoken to some of the students. they are determined to continue their education. >> reporter: attacks by fighters affiliated with the pakistani taliban have declined over the past year, that's in part because of the increase in military operations and the pakistani government's determination to shut down the source of funding. but there are some who are committed to continuing the chaos, victoria gatenby, al jazeera. >> fred burton is vice president of a security firm, fred, always good to see you. i'd like to start with a big picture question. we're seeing a significant terrorist attack somewhere in the world every other day it seems. is the so-called global war on terror failing? >> i think it depends on how you define success. when you look at this at a tempo
perspective of the horrific attack of the university in pakistan, this is an example of a tempo attack on a soft target and very easy to pull off, like we saw from san bernardino to pakistan, these aren't complex attacks. all you need is willing participants with access to automatic weapons and explosives and you're goo good to go. >> in today' today's terrifying, we see differing claims, claimed it was behind this attack as well but a spokesman for central organization condemned the attack. what do you think is going on? >> well, i think it's hard to make sense of. there's so many different frawrts anfractures and layers,a very complex situation with different kinds of loyalties, depending upon the day. what i find very curious is
about a month ago, four of the suspects that were linked to the attack last year which killed over 100 students at a school, the four suspects were hung. so was this just simple vengeance or retribution for the hanging of the four taliban for carrying out the past attack? we simply don't know at this stage. >> could it also be a backlash to the fact that pakistan has apparently increased its military operations against the pakistani taliban would it show strength against the taliban or could it be more of a desperation attack that shows weakness? >> they are trying to make themselves relevant but at an extreme measure of killing these innocent kids at schools. when i look at this in perspective, i think the pakistanis need to do a better job in protecting their universities in some of these outlying areas. when you look at the response it was just too late and that's
part of the problem too. most of these incidents are over and this one dragged on for quite some time. >> and there was a backlash, a big one after the other school attack and this is another case of muslims massacring muslims. at what point will we reach a tipping point, outrage where people will really revolt against these groups? >> i've been in this business a long time and i'm not optimistic that that will stop i'm afraid. >> pakistan and its intelligence service isi, you have dealt with the isi, which is often accused of being duplicitous, it allowed bin laden to be there. and pakistan has suffered a series of attacks over the years. >> that was an interesting situation, i was on the plane crash will killed president zia
and our united states ambassador and a whole range of attacks for the years. so when you are looking at the isi you are looking at a government within the institution and it's very difficult to police the police. >> and talking about duplicity, pakistan has been soft on the afghan taliban, accused of supporting it. is that part of the problem? >> it very well could be but it's a very complex issue and you get back to your counterintelligence threat not only within the isi and the police services as well as the different diplomatic corps that's engaged on a dave day day basis. it is a difficult situation to get your arms around. >> always good to talk to you. thank you. >> thank you for having me. in afghanistan, a taliban suicide bomber killed seven
people and wounded at least 25 others. the victims worked for tolo, afghanistan's first 24 hour news channel. afghanistan has seen six such attacks since the new year. secretary of defense ash carter is lead meeting with leaders of the opposition, trying to figure out their next step. al jazeera's jacky rowland reports from the meetings in paris. >> the first high level meeting with the seven countries the most heavily engaged in the fight against i.s.i.l. their objective to intensify the campaign in iraq and syria. the u.s. navy launches bombing raids from an aircraft carrier in the gulf. the coalition wants to weaken i.s.i.l. and degrade its ability
to capture and hold territory. part of the strategy is to target i.s.i.l.'s logistics and resources and that includes oil. these images from the british defense ministry apparently show jets targeting oil facilities controlled by i.s.i.l. in eastern syria and western leaders also need to counter i.s.i.l.'s message. >> translator: its resilience should strengthen our action. we should keep fighting this organization on all fronts. we'll root them out on the ground and in people's minds. >> reporter: when it comes to the fighting on the ground the coalition depends almost entirely on local iraqi or syrian forces. several countries are providing them with training but there's no talk of putting their own boots on the ground. >> we are as jean is yves yves
indicated, the only practical approach not only defeating i.s.i.l. but also sustaining its defeat thereafter. >> reporter: it was a large gathering, nevertheless there was some notable absences from the table. russia carrying out its own air strikes in syria and turkey that serves as a route for i.s.i.l. supplies. >> we saw this coalition already, in afghanistan and i don't think was hugely successful in afghanistan. the second main reservation is two important partners are missing, turkey and russia, there's a huge role between turkey and russia. >> i.s.i.l. is gaining strength in libya and has extended its reach further into africa and europe. i.s.i.l. is not a conventional
enemy and this is not a conventional war. the battle lines keep shifting sometimes even to the heart of western capitals. another meeting will be called in three weeks' time bringing together a much larger group of coalition members. a tacit acknowledgment that i.s.i.l. is proving more tenacious than expected. jacky rowland, al jazeera, paris. >> u.s. troops have taken control of an i air field in syria according the a spokesman for american supported rebels. the pentagon would not comment. the air field is in the northeast close to the borders of iraq and turkey. this was previously controlled by ypg. gave the u.s. the air base for weapons delivery. iraqi prime minister haider al-abadi vowed to go against those sowin sowing said ition.
sowing sedition. mohammed jamming reports. >> while many children are back in classrooms and bakeries are selling bread once more the remnants of last week's sectarian violence are easy to spot. the wreckage of a cafe attacked by i.s.i.l, to the burned out remains of a sunni owned market fire bombed in reprisal attacks. >> translator: the sunnies are often accused of siding with i.s.i.l. and harboring terrorism. the displaceare not able to return to their homes. >> reporter: the displaced, the last thing they wanted to do was to leave. >> we were ordered to go. we were forcefully displaced by the militias. i have my entire family living
in one room that i can barely afford. >> they have temporarily moved tto to baquba city. >> now we have got nothing but the mercy of god. >> muktadia is located in diyalla province. made up of sunnies and shias. shia militias have been in charge of security there. when iraq's prime minister visited on tuesday he vowed to restore security for all residents. but to many sunni lawmakers those promises ring high school
low. >> translator: in diyalla there has been many retaliations, the government is not able to control the initial action or the reaction. >> as it battles i.s.i.l. and confronts a growing humanitarian crisis, iraq's security and government are stretched very thin. the threat of rising sectarian violence already makes a volatile situation that much more dire. mohammed jamjoom, al jazeera. >> the oldest christian monday industry in iraq was reduced to rebel, the monastery was preserved for 1400 years. the search for three
americans in iraq, kidnapped by a shia militia that is backed by iran. the first americans taken captive in iraq since 2011. the u.s. does not believe the men are being held in iran. the washington post reporter just freed by iran is now being treated at the u.s. military medical center in germany. jason rezaian made a brief appearance in front of the media, along with his wife and mother. >> good to be out. >> rezaian also issued a statement in which he said he feels physically fine and is eager to catch up on current events. the post's tehran bureau chief added he will eventually return to writing about america and iran. oil prices keep dropping. coming up the serious financial problems world leaders face and why some say a drastically different approach is needed.
from a precipitous fall, at one point it was down 565. the nasdaq and s&p were also down. many analysts blame the decline on the still falling price of crude. down to under $30 a barrel a price not seen since 2003. the economic forum is underway in davo switzerland along with 40 heads of state and prime ministers. kamal is there. >> you are guaranteed two things in davos, snow plenty of i.t. and economic news. but in 2016, the word was mostly bad, for so long we've talked about economic recovery now it's a situation potentially worse since the financial crisis of 2007. the organization for economic cooperation and development
reckons we're out of ammunition to fight for down turns. now time for secretary-general for new thinking. >> they have run out of ammunition because they have been the heroes of the last four or five years. now it's a time for the finance ministers for trade ministers for the environment ministers for the environment ministers for education ministers it's a time to go structural, it's a time to go green, institutionalist, it is a time to do all the structural measures that we did not take. >> but is it too late? markets and currencies are already crashing. and here in europe, where the brakes were so strongly applied, there was a real struggle to get moving again. >> i think we should have worked harder particularly in europe but elsewhere to cut debt, to restructure debt more strictly than we did and boosting demand
more strongly at once, introduced austerity too soon in the u.k. so we don't get any momentum. >> so the talks go on. what do we do now? opinions are as abundant as the snow. committed to improving the state of the world, when they feel it's a bunch of rich people in a ski resort in winter. getting them talking that includes those who might be struggling shall we say with international development. think russia, it's gotten involved in the war on syria, fallen out with turkey, and finding economic partners is a rough business. >> hillary clinton and donald trump mentioned that russia should be treated with respect.
we believe in isolations many people try impose is hopefully will become a thing of the past this year, russia wants to be an integrated stable player in the world and in the middle east. >> with oil taking a dive below $28 a barrel and so much of the global economy department on its health, knows that 2016 will be tough to think it's only january, kamal santa maria. al jazeera, davos. >> do more to fight poverty and global inequality. pope francis called them to create business models that allow for dignified work and do little to damage the government. the little black car that pope francis rode in when he was in
the united states, could be yours. the car that symbolized the pontiff's concern for the environment and disdain for excessive luxury is valued at $30,000 but no one knows how much it will bring in. proceeds will benefit diocese in the united states. gavi will provide $5 million for merck, to be made available for emergency use. officials for the centers for disease control say future flare-ups of ebola are still possible in west africa. robert ray reports from atlanta. >> over two years after it
began, the ebola outbreak that took over 11,000 lives the deadliest in recorded history appear to be over in west africa. >> we have to be clear that although today is a milestone it is only a milestone. not the end of the ebola response in west africa. >> tests on a person who died in sierra leone was ebola. dr. oliver morgan of the centers for disease control arrived back in atlanta last week from sierra leone. he says health investigators are focusing on about 150 people who came in contact with the woman who died. and they're working closely with government officials, local doctors there, and border authorities.
the world health organization and cdc are warning that more flareups are expected. over 4,000 people have died from the ebola virus since the beginning of the outbreak in sierra leone. now one of the biggest concerns is the lingering effects that many of the survivors are experiencing. >> and it does appear add this point that at least for male survivors, ebola virus can exist in the semen for quite a number of months. >> without a proven vaccine, scientists and the cdc say rarn rather than beginnings and ends of the outbreak, there is need for continuing vigilance in west africa. >> i'd be afraid for future because the system remain weak. >> the cdc says small clusters of the virus are inevitable and
expected but outbreaks and epidemics are preventible. a job easier said than done in a vulnerable west africa. robert ray, al jazeera, atlanta. >> and the cdc has confirmed another case for ebola, a woman has tested positive for virus. discontent in tunisia, security forces, why this could be a key moment for government and the future of the country. and shedding light on germany's complicated history with nazi looted arts, why it's still difficult for families to get paintings returned.
all kinds of health effects. >> we're already having trouble, but now what little i have has to completely go towards water. >> only on al jazeera america. welcome back to al jazeera america, i'm antonio mora. coming up in this half hour of international news, cuban immigrants who have been struggling to make it through central america for months are reunited with their relatives in the united states. but first, the american minute. recovery and salvage efforts are underway after the search for 12 marines were suspended. coast guard officials say they are still not sure what caused
two marine helicopters to collide last week. underwater crash site and debris field. memorial is planned for friday. president obama was in detroit today, visited the north american auto show. last year the industry sold a record 17.5 million vehicles capping off a decade of growth, from the recession in 2009. bill called for heads of fbi homeland security and national intelligence to personally sign off on each refugee saying they don't pose a threat. democrats prevented the bill from going forward. the republican led house passed the bill, the first 200 out of nearly 8,000 cuban migrants stranded in central america and mexico are starting to arrive in
the united states. al jazeera's adam rainey traveled with them across mexico. the families finally made it to miami where they're beginning to start new lives. >> reporter: crossincrossing m mexico into the united states. a brief celebration, then back ton road. from the state -- back on the road. each has their own destination, one here in texas, the others different points in florida. soon a checkpoint. cubans unlike other migrants are immediately granted political asylum. no holdups, no worries. 36 hours to go. a lot of time to take in new sights especially since they've traveled so little in their lives. >> all of this is really new to me, i'm surprised by everything, the roads, the cold weather, the
shops, they may seem insignificant but they're new to me. >> introducing them to all that offer even at u.s. gas stations. their first purchase, lottery tickets. a new land, new culture, new things to buy. anin the country less than a day they are already dreaming big. >> we are in a transition after dreaming for so long. we are in a place we want to be. >> a trip that they thought would last just a day, texas, louisiana, alabama, finally florida, it seems endless. we just pulled into miami, daisy's long trip is about to come to an end. over thousands of kilometers, finally after two years is about to be reunited with her husband. a long time coming a count even
modifier emotional, she had to leave her son behind and could only travel after her father died. >> i kept saying, how much longer how much longer. >> my batteries almost died waiting for her and she is here now. >> thousands of other cubans in central america are still waiting their turn. adam rainey, al jazeera, miami. >> in cuba it is getting harder for low income families to put food on the table. the government opened some markets to competitive pricing, make it easier for farmers to earn living wages. now increasing price controls, buying food and distributing it themselves at ifnlgd fixe fixed. in tunisia, hashem ahelbarra
reports from el sharim. >> security forces trying to break up an angry crowd, water cannon used to break up the crowd. thousands of young people mostly unemployed will say they have been marginalized by the government. >> the government, the government send someone for help this place but don't do anything just to steal the money. >> translator: we have nothing here, we're completely abandoned, there are people graduated six years ago but never able to find ojob. >> antigovernment sentiment on the rise. local people accuse the government of favoring rich coastal areas in expense of the poorer regions in the south and
center of the country. the government has imposed austerity measures because of the declining economy. but there are thousands of people asking for immediate solutions to the problems of poverty and unemployment. as violence continues, the governor tries to defuse tension. but this angry crowd hits back shouting we need acts, not words. >> translator: we gave the protestors guarantees and they were convinced. unfortunately there is a minority that is still on the streets causing violence. peaceful demonstrations and dialogue are the only way to solve social problems. >> reporter: this is the worst crisis facing the government in months. there are side protests that might spread across the country. a critical moment for security forces who not far from here face a major threat. they are on the offensive hunting down armed groups in the
mountains of shambi. hashem ahelbarra, al jazeera, central tunisia. >> protestors in moldova stormed the parliament building, demanding early elections after parliament approved the third prime minister in less than a year. moldova has been without a proper government since october when lawmakers dissolved the previous administration in the wake of a $1 billion banking scandal. the ambassador to china, reported confession made by a swedish human rights activist who is be being held in china. peter dahlin endangered the inflation's security. he disappeared earlier this month. the group dahlin was working
with says his confession appears to be coerced. the artwork world gasped. treasuretrophy is believed to be works stolen by the nazis before and after world war ii. a new book untangles a web of deceit and violence, al jazeera aps john terret explains in in context report. >> munich 2012, investigators find 1280 works of art, 121 still in their frames, the rest stuffed into cabinet drawers. among them works by matisse, ren
renoir, and others. >> they are in a relatively good condition, some of them dirty but not damaged. >> the greatest find of art stolen 50 nazis in 1945. >> the people that deal with these kind of art, would all be fighting with each other like ferrets in a sack. if it knocks the value and prices down of others they have. >> museum curator and one of hit lers's art dealers. under hitler jewish collectors were either forced to sell their art at ridiculously low prices or abandon their art when fleeing the nazis. now all these years later, the relatives want their artwork
back. but approving is well nigh impossible. >> they may have difficulty doing that. they may not have the original records. >> cornelius died in 2014, in his will he left the collection to a museum. he is quoted as saying losing his paintings was worse than when his mother and father died and he considered himself to be a steward for their safekeeping. john terret, al jazeera. >> katherine hickley, joins us from berlin. katherine it's anth credible story, works by monet, degas, chagal, how could that remain
hidden for so long? especially since cornelius sold some to survive. was there complicity within the art community? >> there were some who knew he had an art collection. whether they knew the dimension and what exactly he had, was another question. it wasn't widely known that's for sure. and the fact that he kept all of this incredible art secret in his apartment and in his home really was possible because he was such a recluse, he was cut off from the real world. in his own world, it was easy to keep the rest of the world out and stay at home with his collection. >> fascinating in its own right but how his father hildebrand amassed the collection, and then managed to keep it even after being detained by the allies,
defies belief. >> yes, hildebrand is a very interesting very ambivalent, very contradictory character. and it was him who i found particularly fascinating while i was doing the research for this book. he became a museum director at the age of 25 in svitkow which was extremely young and while he was there he managed to start acquiring these artworks for the museum and then he became a dealer later on i in hamburg and he started working for nazis, he was selling the degenerate art, that they had seized from all the museums across germany. and he became hitler's number 1 dealer in paris buying arts for his fueeher museum.
became increasingly explicit and bought from juice, who needed to emigrate and needed money. seized from juice already confiscated and made a lot of compromises within his integrity. remember he himself was a quarter jewish so this was definitely a huge contradiction. >> now, i've seen estimates that about 500 of the works were illegally in the family's possession as you said, likely confiscated from victims of the nazis. but couldn't the argument be made that even the artwork purchased by him should be returned because they were acquired under duress? >> yes, but those are definitely
included in that 500. and the 500 artworks are works where it cannot be ruled out that they are -- they were looted by the nazis. the other artworks in the collection it can all be ruled out in one level or another. still 500 artworks is a lot and to do the provenance, takes a massive amount of time a massive number. >> a few paintings have been returned to the families that own them. do you expect that we will see more? >> do i expect we will see more, yes. but it's a long and unwieldy process, it's all taking longer than it should and in other cases there are artworks where there's clear signs that it was looted but the actual original owner needs to be identified. so i'm sure there will be many more returns. >> while all the legalities are decided, shouldn't all these be
displayed together, wouldn't that be useful from a historic perspective to tell one more story of what happened under the nazis? >> that is actually the plan. the german cultural director, monica gritters would like to display the network as soon as the challenges are cleared up. there is a challenge to cornelius's will, he left the entire collection to the museum in berne. but there's challenge that he was not of fit mind to make a will. until there's a decision the artworks are all in this storage warehouse outside munich, a specialist art storage place and no one can see them. >> is there any sense of how much more nazi looted art may still remain hidden somewhere? >> no. it's impossible to say.
part of the problem is that a lot of artworks, a lot of the thousands and thousands of artworks disappeared during the war may have been destroyed. it is impossible to know whether they were destroyed or whether they were stolen and they're still circulating still in the art market or in someone's attic somewhere. all we can say with certainty is there are hundreds of thousands of pieces that are still missing and more will probably emerge at some point in the future. >> katherine hickley, again the book is the munich art hoard. thank you for joining us. >> thank you. proposing moving swastikas, ancient symbol known as mongis, the nazis later adopted it and
turned it backwards. 2015 is deemed the hottest year on record. coming up signs of global warming and the political battle over human responsibility for rising temperatures. also, controversy over children learning the chinese language. the war crimes case, believed to be the deputy of fugitive joseph kony. only on al jazeera america.
now to our global view segment with a look at how news outlets across the world are reacting to various events. the jerusalem post criticizes israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu, should have played a constructive role during the talks not an obstructive role. severely damaged the u.s. israel relationship. the japan times says although financial markets have taken a hit the crashing oil prices oar great thing for most people. most industries are consumers of fuel not producers so the paper says everything from manufacturing to farming to shipping and construction will benefit. the paper also suggests it will take time for investment to flow back into other industries but the positive effects will outweigh the negative in the long run. in tasmania's the citizen,
says, relocation of refugees in israel and greece has been a failure. the sexual assaults in cologne have only hardened people's reaction and leaving refugees in a state of limbo. scientists have said that 2015 was the hottest ever recorded, breaking the record of the previous year. more extreme weather is predicted if the climate is on the same trend. tom ackerman reports from washington. >> this visualsization shows the long term warming on earth, orange colors indicate a steady progression of rising temperatures, especially in the upper atmosphere where carbon dioxide levels are the highest.
record keeping began more than a century ago and in 2015 the average temperature across the planet was more than 20% higher than the previous highest year. have in the u.s., last month was both the warmest and wettest ever, partly accountable to the periodic el nino weather effect. the tren trend isn't just beingt on land, more than 90% of temperature energy winds up in the ocean. over the past 18 years the amount of heat put into the sea has doubled. despite a broad consensus among scientists, acceptance of global warming and human responsibility for it remain a political issue in the u.s. the leading republican presidential candidate donald trump along with others in his party denies that it is real. >> i think there will be a little change here. it will go up, get a little bit
cooler, it will get warmer, it's called weather. >> but the democrats have ranked it among their most serious concerns. >> the debate is over, climate change is real, already causing major robs. if we don't act boldly and decisively, a bad situation will get worse. >> on his last year in office, president obama says he recognizes the effect of fossil fuels on climate change. tom ackerman, al jazeera, washington. >> scientists have revealed the 9th planet in our solar system, no not pluto. scientists say it has not been observed directly. coming up in 20 minutes we'll speak to a writer from space.com about what this means for the
solar system. zimbabwe's court has outlawed child brides. struck down the law allowing girls to marry at 16. activists say nearly a third of girls in disma zimbabwe get mard before the age of 16. some as early as 12. in today's off the radar segment, haru mutasa describes why not everyone welcomes the chance to learn. >> welcome to a mandarin chinese class in south africa. these children are learning one of china's popular languages. ♪ ♪ >> what is this all about? >> it's about three little
kittens. they're singing together and they're walking together. >> but these seven-year-olds admit it's not as easy as it seems. >> then you're going to say, because it's not the right term. >> the government is piloting the project in at least 30 schools in the province. >> children are like sponges, they can absorb, the beth part is they can remember for a long time. >> reporter: children here have to learn two south african languages in school and any third is an additional optional. south africa have 11 special languages. most people speak at least two. children won't get a chance to speak the other indigenous language. the education department says mandarin is not being forced on
children. >> this year all schools that currently don't offer an african language now have to offer an african language as a compulsory language and this will be started from grade one and incrementally introduced so next year will be grade 2, so on so forth so eventually the whole system does at least one indigenous african language. >> china is the biggest african trade partner. >> emphasizing that china or chinese people should also learn our languages. we looked at it as perhaps another form of colonization. >> reporter: others feel that african schools have other priorities, the government admits there are huge challenges in the education sector but officials say exposing children to other languages could amount
to more direction. haru mutasa, al jazeera. >> 1977's a special day starring sophia loren and marchello mastroiani. italian renzi paid tribute, calling him a master in interpretation. that's it for al jazeera's international news hour. coming up, why some activists say it is time to tear down the dams on the columbia river. i'll be back in two minutes.
>> good evening i'm antonio mora, this is al jazeera america. another troubling day for stock markets, the role played by oil prices and china's economy. also: >> the warmest year on record. by a sizable amount. >> american scientists sounding the alarm about the earth's climate in 2015. the dangerous impact it had across the u.s. and the world. plus. >> you don't regain trust within a matter of seconds because a statement was made. >> political anger and blame in flint michigan, and the financially strapped city's water