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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  January 30, 2016 4:00pm-5:01pm EST

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>> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ it is very good to have your company i'm david foster and you're watching the al jazeera news hour live from london and let's look at some stories we are covering in detail in the next 60 minutes, the main syrian opposition group arrives for peace talks in geneva saying it's keen to make the u.n. negotiations a success. renewed tension between erdogan and putin after violating turkey's air space again. clinton secret e-mails ahead of the first vote in the u.s.
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presidential nomination contests. and a new game of drones are tighter controls needed as their popularity grows? in sport for once serena williams is denied success in a grand slam final and germany winning the australian final and then the title. ♪ well syria's main opposition representatives are now in geneva at last and they are due to take part in some version of u.n. sponsored peace talks. they have still yet to commit to direct negotiations over the assad government and a few moments ago a spokesman for the syrian coalition made a statement and our diplomatic editor james base is the one who spoke to him and joins me now. it has been a long journey in terms of what they are trying to
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get out of the u.n. regarding these talks and physically for these people to get here, what sort of reception do you think they are expecting now? >> well, yes, it's a difficult journey actually because as well as coming all the way from riyadh when they arrived in switzerland quite a bit of delay at the airport and some or all of them asked to do bio metric tests and didn't have visas and took time before they finally arrived here. a very large group of press here, quite chaotic scenes when they arrived here because we all want to know the position, the exact position of this, the main opposition grouping. and when he came here, who is their spokesman, said that they still believe that that u.n. resolution at the end of december means there are things that should be put in place now before talks take place. he said they weren't his group's conditions, they were conditions
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of the u.n. security council and i then pressed him as to whether these conditions had to be met before they would sit down for tal talks. >> those conditions are not met will you engage in talks? >> we are ready. we are here to make this a success. we are ready to start negotiation but that at least we should see something. you know, on ground there in syria. we should really stop the massacres against our people. so peace help us, you know, save our children, save the remaining children of syria and we are willing to do anything and put an end to the war and want to put an end to i.s.i.l. and terrorism in syria and we want to attend to what this dictatorship is doing and want to see new syria. >> reporter: we are here to make it a success, we are willing to do anything he says, james and that must be a pretty
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good start, what happens now? >> well, i think the condition has gone out of it that was there before. yes, they want to see those measures that are in the security council resolution put in place but no longer does it seem that that is a condition for the start of talks. and i understand that the opposition delegation is likely and i have this from a number of diplomatic sources likely to see staffan de mistura on sunday for their initial meeting, not quite clear whether that meeting will take place. some sources telling me it will be at the u.n. some saying it will be away from the u.n. but i think it's then a parallel meeting in many ways the one we saw on friday with the syrian government, once those two meetings have taken place i think there will be a little more discussion but it's just possible we could actually see both sides in the same place. not the same room because that won't happen for some considerable time but maybe both
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in the u.n. and geneva on monday. i think that will be the best hope of the u.n. team and who are trying to mediate these talks. >> very small steps but at least the start of some kind of process and james thanks very much indeed and we will take a look at the current situation on the ground in syria in another 15 people reported to be killed and dozens more are said to have been injured by russian air strikes targeting rebel positions near the northern city of aleppo. this is in the west. opposition fighters say they have taken control of the number of checkpoints around hama and the city and region where control is divided between government and opposition forces. one of the key issues being discussed in geneva is ending the syrian government blockade of towns like madaya and doctors without borders msf says 16 people have died of malnutrition there in the last few days despite aid convoys arriving
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earlier on this month. this report is by mohamed. >> reporter: it's continued suffering like this that syrian activists hope will make a meaningful impact in geneva. as demonstrators in various parts of syria are i'm employering diplomates to remember the plight of their people. from those who have too little food to those taking cover from too many bombs. >> we have daily murders and daily kills and many civilians are killed by bombs. just to remember this, okay. >> reporter: a war zone as the year of starts starting and stalling in switzerland many syrians say they are not
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hopeful. >> translator: they cannot deliver mill stock the children of madaya. >> reporter: those in the besieged town of madaya they say with continued aid people are continuing to die of starvation. >> translator: the aid is about to run out. it was delivered more than ten days ago and the u.n. and the red cross know that the aid that we got can't last more than 15 days. even now we still have lots of hunger here. >> reporter: others are as angry with the divided opposition as they are with the syrian government. this is a message urging you to unify. it's not just assad barrel bombs that are killing us, it's not just russia's missions the differences and divisions are killing us, you need to unite. >> reporter: unity and agreement have been in short supply so far in geneva where negotiations have not seven started yet while in syria the death and devastation continues. mohamed with al jazeera.
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diplomatic tensions between turkey and russia have gone up a gear after turkey claimed again that a russian jet violated its air space. this time on friday. turkish president erdogan has warned russia it will face what he calls consequences over the incident which he is looking to discuss he says with the russian president vladimir putin. russia state news agency says the country denies that this ever happened and nato secretary-general warned russia to fully respect his words nato air space and called for calm from both sides. there was already bad blood between the two countries after a similar incident last year, then turkey shot down a fighter plane on november the 24th, you might remember that extraordinary, dramatic footage, that was after it allegedly violated turkey air space for 17 seconds near the syrian border. >> translator: if russia continues to violate turkey's
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sovereignty they will bear the consequences. such irresponsible behavior will not contribute to improving the relationship between nato and russia or to peace in the region. on the contrary it will do harm. >> my colleagues dana is in southern turkey and has more on the response from the turkish foreign ministry. >> reporter: in their statement they describe this incident as quote yet another example of russian ex escalation of behavior and the president erdogan said this was an attempt by russia to escalate tensions in the region. like you mentioned, the turkish foreign ministry said the plane violated its air space on friday. they summoned the russian ambassador and protested the action and condemned the action and tensions were at an all time high and in november when the turkish airforce shot down a russian jet and russia did not respond militarily and yes there
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were a war of words but russia also took severe actions and imposed sanctions on turkey and it took a number of actions inside syria which really tied turkey's hands inside syria. we have to remember these two powers are on the opposing divides in the syrian conflict so this is a very dangerous situation. we've already heard statements from nato urging russians to avoid such violations in the future. >> that was dana in turkey and joining me a turkey expert and associate fellow at the think tank chatam house and the last time the russian aircraft was over turkey air space turkey says for 17 seconds and it managed to shoot it down then and we don't know how long this one violated turkey's air space for but why didn't it try to shoot it down this time? >> turkey did not want to be blamed prematurely jeopardizing the geneva peace talks takes place in syria. at the same time i think the
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united states restrained turkey this time to avoid any direct confrontation between the nato partner and russia. i think that also russia's very, very robust reaction to the previous downing of the russian 24 jet i think played a part in containing turkey's reaction. >> turkey didn't get very much sympathy last time didn't they? >> didn't get much sympathy beyond rhetoric that nato and the united states, united kingdom, et cetera, expressed support for turkey's protection of its air space. but really in terms of action we did not see much response from nato partners towards turkey's confrontation with russia. >> we don't know if it happened and it's a claim put out there by the turkish foreign ministry and erdogan and russia saying it didn't happen but what would it take to take it to another level
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and can they do what it likes in the area now? >> russia brought in very sophisticated weaponry including a very advanced radar, a radar system as well as brought in some 34 jets which are far more advanced than the one that the jet that was shelled on by turkey two months ago so i think turkey's room for man ver is a lot smaller than it was a few months ago. >> how likely with the talks perhaps getting underway or perhaps some talks starting obviously for a diplomatic solution of what is happening in syria, are we going to see more and more and more of what we have seen now for five years with the little side bar issues such as the turkey-russian? >> i think between turkey and russia is extremely remote. both countries are upping the rhetoric against each other. i think both are diametrically
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opposed in terms of objectives in syria and turkey has regime change and russia impose stability. >> the sanctions are they hurting turkey? >> they are hurting turkey and expected this year to affect around $9 billion of trade between russia and turkey. >> we thank you very much indeed for coming in. well, just two days now until americas or some americans at least cast their votes in the run up to this year's election. new controversies over hillary clinton e-mails affect her campaign? we will look at that in just a moment. ancient secrets revealed as a historic church under goes its first proper restoration in 1500 years. we have the sport and action from the top to overcome lower league opposition. ♪
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african union leaders are at a major summit in ethiopia and burundi crisis high on the agenda and catherine is there and she sent this to us. >> reporter: opening sessions of african union summit are all about african unity and prosperi prosperity. u.n. secretary-general ban ki-moon set the tone and disappointment about south sudan leaders to meet a deadline for a government and criticized afric african leaders who want to hang on to power beyond the time limits. >> should never use undemocratic constitutional changes and loopholes to cling to power. we have all seen the tragic consequences when they do. >> reporter: and that was president robert giving a response, lashing out at the u.n. security council. >> but the bosses in the
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security council say you shall never have the powers that we have as permanent members. >> reporter: and got a standing ovation. >> reform the security council. [cheers and applause] what many people here are waiting for is a decision on whether to send african union peace keeping troops to burundi without the consent of the government, how the au will handle burundi will set a precedent on other countries holding contentious elections. >> we need to find a way in which transitions have a space with actors and tied to that we need to find a succession and plan that makes it easier for leaders to contemplate on the possibility of standing down from some power. >> reporter: 17 african countries holding national elections this year and particular interest in burundi the democratic republic of congo where opposition has been
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accusing the president of attempting to illegally run for a third term. the president has not declared his intentions but the government has been violated cracking down on this. this is an election year for the au as well. the council members of the peace and security council have ended and the chairperson of the commission zuma ends later in the year and chad president is the new union chairperson has replaced president robert in his inaugural speech he had no illusions about the task ahead in tackling the many problems afflicting africa, catherine al jazeera. "new york times" newspaper is backing hillary clinton for democratic nomination describing her as a deeply qualified presidents in modern history and yet the scandal surrounding her use of a private e-mail account while secretary of state continues. the state department now saying that 22 messages passing through
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her home internet server while she was america's top diplomate had information which was marked top secret. mrs. clinton has always insisted there was no breach of national security because she didn't send or receive classified material. let's get more on this in des moines and in iowa where the first of the voting contest takes place on monday. and let's talk to kimberly who is there. this won't go away for her, will it? >> no, it won't. but the calls for hillary clinton to clarify just what exactly was on those e-mails is getting louder. the clinton campaign itself saying in fact that it would like these e-mails to be released and nothing to hide and it's pretty safe to make the call or claim because they know it will not happen. the e-mails have been marked as top secret and cannot be releases to the public. now according to the state
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department the problem here david is the story from the clinton campaign do not match with one year ago when it was revealed that hillary clinton was using a private e-mail server, she said at that time she has nothing to hide and the fact that there was no sensitive information on that private e-mail server now the state department itself saying, in fact, there was closely guarded government secrets that were being passed back and forth in an e-mail chain of seven different e-mails, calls into question whether there are two rules of law, there is the case of bradley manning now chelsea manning sitting in jail for passing government secrets. the same with edward snowden now sitting in exile, this is something that has been called into question on whether or not hillary clinton herself has violated the same government protocols and called into question whether there has been criminal activity according to a top republic opponent. >> hillary clinton is disqualified from being president, she is disqualified.
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[applause] this thing with her e-mails is a big deal. okay, just yesterday they couldn't release all her e-mails, do you know why you couldn't release them and you read it because some of the e-mails are so sensitive and classified they could not release them and damaging to release them. what else do we need to know? she believes she is above the law. what she did is she believes she is above the law. [applause] and yet she gets the backing of the "new york times" which must be very pleasing for her. >> reporter: it certainly is a very good indicator when you have just two days david before the iowa caucus is held. but at the same time ongoing problem for the hillary clinton campaign has been hillary's sort of voting numbers when it comes or polling numbers rather when it comes to trust. this does not help that. she scores very low in national polls when it comes to whether
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or not she can be trusted as a future president. the fact is here in iowa she is still holding a lead but expected it will be a real problem for her, this e-mail issue in new hampshire which is the next state to hold its nominating contest where she is lagging significantly behind bernie sanders and it's also going to be a very big problem, should she become the democratic presidential nominee in the federal election campaign because this is something that we have seen already, her republican opponents are ready and set to seize upon. >> kimberly we thank you very much indeed and des moines iowa there where the focus will be on monday. let's talk about this with james base the historian who specializes in the united states and kimberly says it will play big in the general election but will it make much of a difference with the press and the voting public? >> the first question is it's not going away and the media like the story and so do republican opponents and bernie sanders said i'm sick of your
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damn e-mails hillary as many of us are but the question comes up because republicans will keep playing upon it. it raises issues about trust. the president of the united states as well as the "new york times" has said she is one of the most uniquely qualified people to hold office and time and time again we find with the clintons generally they are always these scandals, these issues which keep coming up, which challenge their capacity to hold office in the eyes of many. >> when you throw mud and attempts and the name clinton to it it's a reoccurring nightmare for the american people so perhaps the name is a handicap rather than a bonus in this. >> one of the things i address in hillary rising, this idea we are talking about a clinton dynasty but when you have that quality there are strong pluses as well as negatives so for all the skills that hillary clinton rightfully would bring to the presidency there are these ongoing issues of baggage which go right back to their time in
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arkansas. >> same thing applies the republicans perhaps and jeb bush because i mean he has been a spectacular failure so far. >> his campaign never got out of third gear and donald trump talks about low energy campaign and he is quite right, in many ways the campaign of jeb bush is like george w bush in 1992 when people wondered if president bush at that point was sick with perhaps a thyroid problem. he is no george w. bush, he was a very embolden candidate when he ran for presidency. >> when people tune in on monday night or tuesday morning and they see the results and perhaps they say actually mrs. clinton has not done very well in iowa is that an indication of where it goes from here? because i mean they put her in south carolina at 64% and new hampshire one other state where bernie sanders is ahead. >> i have to be honest when we look back at this on tuesday we will look at hillary clinton victory in iowa. i think the polls are all over the place and we can look at the
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polling we had in the uk as well as in the u.s. over the last couple years and they are out by a long shot. polls conducted in iowa over the last nine days, five put hillary and four bernie sanders ahead and the poll of polls you may win by 6%, she is going to loose new hampshire and move into south carolina and we have 25 states voting before the middle of march. so really this could all be over by what eight weeks from now. >> let's make assumption hillary clinton versus donald trump, going back to july, mrs. clinton had a lead of 19 1/2%. looking at the polls for this week, her lead, if it were to be those two in the election to be held now, 2.7%, what is happening? >> i think what we need to be very careful of here a lot of talk what is referred to as national polling and the reason of national polls that is conducted in the united states that people vote in and if they were al gore would have been president in 2000 and it's state
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by state and only then when we determined who will be the next president of the united states. >> many people would argue that al gore should have been the president with the popular vote. thanks very much. well about a million demonstrators have been in rome protesting about a bill that if approved would legalize same sex civil unions in italy, it's the only european nation without it and we are going now to join the protesters. >> reporter: chose the circus in rome, the theatre of ancient battles to bring their fight against same sex civil unions and adoptions. th tens of thousands of families all over italy together to say no to a law that proposes to give same sex couples legal recognition and the right to adopt a partner's biological child. >> translator: we are against this law because children are not given the right. since the beginning of time children have come from a mother
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and father. . >> translator: two men can't give birth to life so you can't call that a family, it's selfish of them to want children just to satisfy their desires. >> reporter: italy is the only country in western europe without a law that recognizes and protect same sex couples and because of it last year it was condemned by the european court of human rights and one of the reasons why the government is trying to fix the anon-ly but clearly a lot of italians disagree. in a counter demonstration last weekend thousands of gay rights advocates show their support for the law in more than 100 cities across the country. on thursday some of them gathered in front of the senate where the bill is being debated. awake up call for a country they say it can't wait any longer to keep up with the rest of europe. >> translator: we've been trying to have a law for same sex couples in italy for the
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past 30 years. i hope the government finally approves it without compromises because this is already a compromise. as it's not a law that legalizes same sex marriage but it is the first step. >> reporter: the bill will be voted on in the senate starting next week but because of the hundreds of thousands of people to voice their opposition on saturday, the outcome is far from predictable. al jazeera, rome. israeli security forces say to palestinians have stabbed a 17-year-old israeli in jerusalem. well the victim of the attack is said to be likely wounded and security forces are out looking for two suspects, the search focusing near the old part of the capitol since renewed violence began again in october 26 israelis and 165 palestinians have been killed. in same area one of the world's famous church is getting a
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renovation in 1500 years and the church of nativity in bethlehem and italian experts are working on that to spectacular ends as stephanie decker will tell us she has been taking a look at the work completed so far. >> reporter: what is believed to be the birth place of jesus christ has survived the crusaders the ottoman and siege and even an earthquake have taken the toll and since the sixth century the church is being completely restored from ceiling to floor and it's the mosiac and fixing the old has also uncovered something new hidden under the wall plaster. >> translator: we were lucky to discover in angel that has the top part of its head missing and we restored it and will give a different vision of the church because the restoration and this will be a beautiful end result. >> translator: we are known
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what it looks like before the italian team of experts start work and smoke and varnish dulled the image and it's a remarkable transformation and delicate work that is giving the church a complete face lift. the roof and windows restored first as rainwater was leaking inside the church so these are essential repairs but the fact that they are even taking place at all some have jokingly described as a miracle. this holy site is administered by three churches, the greek orthodox and roman catholic and each over see different parts invisible tightly guarded lines and if crossed can turn violent. >> translator: it happened before, in some cases there were serious scuffles between disputes over who cleans which centimeters. >> reporter: just like this priests and monks fighting with brooms following a communal clean and someone may have
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brushed too far and sensitivities that boil to the idea if you clean it or take care of it it's yours. those century old rivalries have been put aside in a rare moment of consensus over seen by the palestinian authority, perhaps the idea dawning that the results will benefit all. the roof no longer leaks and mosiac shines and in time when the scaffolding and sheets removed it will be seen as it has not in centuries, at the church in bethlehem. coming up, in the news columbia said more than 2000 pregnant women are infected with the zika virus and taking huge swarms of locusts before they devore everything in their past. sport ahead of the final appearance and how his brother
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got on to play doubles. ♪
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>> our american story is written everyday. it's not always pretty, but it's real... and we show you like no-one else can. this is our american story. this is america tonight. ♪
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let's go through the top stories turkey's president is demanding talks with vladimir putin after a russian jet allegedly violated turkey's air space. syria's main opposition groups arrived in geneva to participate indirectly in the u.n. brokered talks aimed at ending the civil war in syria. u.n. secretary-general has told african leaders they should not use legal loopholes to cling to power and made his comments at the african union security summit in ethiopia. south korea is holding its first ever expo devoted to the drone industry and it's the military sector that dominates the skies but harry reports and new civilian uses are constantly taking off. >> reporter: it is race day for the pilots and time to get down to business. 80 teams vying for the title on a hazardously windy day.
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>> translator: i was nervous and it was windy and the drone kept rising so it was difficult. >> reporter: drone racing has only been an organized sport here for four months but every place in this contest was snapped up in a few minutes and all happens just a few meters from south korea's first drone show, the largest such expo organized to be held in asia and want in on a fast-growing industry. >> translator: technology has been developed here mainly if the military sector and hope to promote that to the civilian sector. >> reporter: one effort is a tilt drone with take offices and landings and airplane style horizontal flight and military dominates the south korean industry as it does the global one, what is changing the ever easier access to technology encouraging start ups to enter and for instance a drone in the final mimic a bird of prey to keep them away from farms and
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airports. >> use open source technology to develop it fast so the price of this thing is actually affordable to the farmers around the world right now. >> reporter: consumer sector is one of the fastest growing and one analyst suggesting more than $4 billion a year by 2025. it's not hard to see why these things are getting cheaper, producing ever better images and just about anybody can fly them. the problem on the horizon though is increasingly set of regulations and use could be limited to them strictly to find areas. there are concerns over legal liability, privacy and safety and here in south korea the very real threat of north korean drones. several have been found crashed in resent years, south korea enforces strict no fly zones among other regulations partly as a result. some drone makers will mean there are small civilian industry will struggle for lift off. but the racing enthusiasts have something to cheer, restrictions
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for leaser is set to be loosening, harry in south korea. >> growing concerns of the safety of the drone usage just this week the agency reported seven incidents between civilian aircraft and drones four of which were classified as quote most serious. one incident a drone was flying twice the legal altitude and came close to a plane and drones have to be visible on radar. and regulating commercial drones might be slow to keep up drone technology is advancing pretty fast and wasn't that long ago delivering parcels was considered novelty and now inventors tell us they will transport us to and flying drones may even be a sport. drone racing becoming quite a fixture. and not just in south korea.
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let's talk about this a little bit more about the safety aspects with adam bailey vice chairman of the u k professional trade association for remotely piloted aircraft. i would imagine a lot of people would imagine that that sort of thing existed and it wasn't always obviously your business, you were a chartered surveyor but now you make a living at it. >> yes, i've been a commercial pilot for about three years now. previously i was a building surveyor and working in that sector and we use drones to do elevator surveys of buildings and the like. >> do you think more and more people are thinking this is not only a farm but a way of making a living and they are rushing into something they don't really understand? >> well, there is a great number of commercial operators out there and now 1300 holders of permissions for aerial work, civil aviation authority and a growing number of national qualified entities and such as uva resource group and the like who do qualify training on behalf of the cia to get there
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as well. >> let's say i wanted to do it and give up doing this and become a drone pilot commercially, what would i have to do? >> well first you need to decide what you are going to do with the drones. no good just buying a drone saying i'm going to make a living with it unless you know what you're doing with it. have to go and train to fly it and then you have to go and sit at a ground school to understand what the air law and theory behind it is. >> so i do have to do this, it's not something that it's wise to do. >> yes. >> and by law i have to do this? >> yeah, under the navigation order, drones are specifically talked about under articles 166 and 167 and anyone who wants to work commercially with a drone has to have a permission for aerial work issued by the civil aviation department. >> what about the incident with the boeing 777 we talked about and going incredibly closed to it and if it got sucked in the engine who knows what would happen, is that a commercial drone or could it just have been a johnny down the street making
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a mistake? >> if they were commercial they would speak to the air traffic controller long before they under took the flight so with this air proximity report that it was someone who was monkeying around with it or not a drone or previously called a ufo and might have been a plastic bag floating around because they don't know who it was and can't identify it specifically. >> these things could be pretty dangerous, couldn't they? >> drones can get rather large depending what they are used for and the size. the likelihood is this was something like the screen behind you something very small about a kilo in weight but they do grow larger depending on their use and what they are carrying really. >> good advice and thank you very much and advice if you do it for a living make sure you can earn some money but before you actually start make sure you know what you are doing. >> exactly. >> thanks a lot. now as the world health organization gets ready to convene an emergency meeting on
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monday about the explosive spread of that virus called zika the problem is becoming increasingly likely especially on south america and columbia has 2100 pregnant women there are infected, that is significant because zika has suspected links to birth defects in babies and since brazil recorded the first virus last may it spread to 22 countries and territories in the region and moving outside the americas, the u.s. based center for disease control noted resent transformation in the cape verde off africa, cape verde and pacific island of somoa and new zealand with one man hospitalized and thought it was picked up overseas rather than contracting it locally. let's hear now from roxanne. >> christmas eve i was scratching on my chest and they are like whoa and you could see
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the bumps in my lips and eyes and ears. >> reporter: she is feeling healthy now but visiting family in el salvadore over christmas she contracted the zika virus from a mosquito bite. >> no strength to do anything or sit there, all you want to do is lay down and sleep. >> reporter: the centers for disease control and prevention have confirmed at least 30 cases in 11 states and the district of columbia. all those people traveled abroad to affected areas. on friday a top u.s. health official said americans shouldn't panic. >> having said that you don't just want to walk away and be cavalier and say not a problem and are having vaccines and products and better vector control and doing everything you would do if you are anticipating that there is going to be an outbreak. >> reporter: the virus has spread fast mainly through the americas since last year. prompting the c.d.c. to warn pregnant women against traveling to 22 countries in the region.
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the zika virus causes a mild illness in most people but there is growing evidence linking it to a birth defelt called microencephaly babies born with abnormally small heads and brains and cases are surging in brazil, on friday brazil president said they launched nationwide efforts to eliminate breeding areas for the mosquito. >> translator: we are losing the battle against the mosquito, why? because of the mosquito keeps breeding we are all losing the battle against it. so we have to mobilize to win this war. >> reporter: brazil is waging the battle as the country prepares for the olympics in august. on friday the international olympic committee assured teams traveling there the games would be safe from the virus but also urged visitors to protect themselves but using mosquito repellant and wearing long sleeved shirts and pants.
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>> we will ensure the health of the athletes. >> reporter: roxanne with al jazeera. iraqi military reporting that eight soldiers died in attack on their convoy, an attack by the state of iraq and levant east of ramadi nearby in fallujah five people we are told were killed in coalition air strikes which also destroyed five houses and a mosque, medical sources say a woman and a child are among the dead. plagues of locust threatening to devour huge vegetation in northern argentina, thick clouds of the insects have been seen and local people are working with the authorities there to try and contain these bugs. daniel reports from the providence of santiago. >> reporter: a single locust eats it's body weight in a day and any and all vegetation, in the same day a ten centimeter insect can fly more than 50 kilometers, that is just one
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locust. multiplied by millions and that single locust forms part of a devastating force. >> translator: huge swarm of flying locust were out here last october at the end of their breeding cycle and laid their eggs and what we are seeing now is the product of that swarm. >> reporter: this region has seen nothing like this since the early 1950s. >> translator: we are going to where the locust are and they are moving elsewhere and don't want them to form swarms because if they do they will migrate and lay their eggs somewhere else. >> reporter: state agricultural agencies and local people are working together to first find where the locust are concentrated and then they fumigate and most have jumping and the insects can't fly and they have to eradicate them
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before they take to the air because they will be so great and hard to contain. this is a race against time with local people and the authorities working together from dawn to dusk to try to exterminate the locust before they multiply out of control, if they do they will devour all this vegetation in the whole area destroying livelihoods, wiping out whole communities. the climate in this region has changed. resent winters have been milder and rainfall greater. that has created the ideal breeding conditions for the locusts. >> translator: this is a job that can't be done alone. everyone is working together private and public and is going very well. we are all working to lesson the impact of these locusts. >> reporter: as the sun goes down the locust settle for the night and locust hunters for all over argentina work in a coordinated effort to see where to fumigate the next morning and
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if they get it right they are on course to get them and if they don't they multiply and eat everything in their path. daniel in argentina. stay with us on the news hour, we have this coming up. >> i'm andrew thomas in sidney, i'll be explaining the science behind a tiny wherable technology that could one day alert people to when they have been in the sun too long. . we head to the desert to qatar to see whether this man could continue his not having won the masters last year, how did he get on today?
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♪ andy has the sport in doha. >> thank you so much david and aungelique has stunned world number one serena williams to win the australian open and william ls had the 22nd grand slam title this was her first major success. >> reporter: she arrived at the final hoping to clinch a record 22 grand slam titles but her opponent aungelique this was to be the match of her life. this was the 28-year-old's first ever grand slam final but the nightmare for williams said she made 23 unforced errors with a 6-4 lead. it was the first time the german has taken a set off williams in 3 1/2 years. the world number one regained some of her composure in the
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second set to play but matched to take it 6-3 and force a deci decide. williams effort to equal graph of 22 grand slam titles ended with a volly long and 6-3-6-4-6-4 victory in two hours stealing one of the biggest shocks in tennis history. >> my whole life i was working really hard and now i'm here and i can say i'm a grand slam champion and it sounds really crazy and unbelievable. >> i mean every time i walk in this room everyone expects me to win every single match every single day of my life and as much as i would like to be a robot and i try to but i do the best that i can. >> reporter: gerber becomes the first german to win a grand slam
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title to graph in 1999, al jazeera. ahead of andy murray's australian open final appearance his brother jamie won the doubles title and did it with the first brazilian player to win any title at this event. as for murray the result means he is the first britt tin with the trophy in 80 years and brother andy is there to see him get the job done. >> it was funny to see andy there at the end. obviously he had been watching the match in the locker room and i didn't know that. i thought he would go back to the hotel and maybe he came back but when he saw we had a chance. >> reporter: on sunday murray junior will take on top seed and defending champion djokovic in the singles final and won this title five times and looking for 11th grand slam and opponent is in the australian open for the fifth time and yet to win it.
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>> don't under estimate him and no question about it, i have a tremendous expect and admiration for what he achieved in the career, he is one week older than me and we grew up together and as i said we have similar styles of the game and similar trajectory to the professional tennis so it's nice to see that our rivalry keeps on going and we keep playing for the biggest titles. >> many people are expecting me to win on sunday and, you know, i just believe in myself. have a solid game plan and hopefully execute it and then play well but you know the previous disappointments to say it's one tennis match and it doesn't matter what happened in the past really. it's about what happens on sunday. through to the fifth round of the england cup after a
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comfortable win over chester and scoring twice in the 4-1 win. and score is ten away and all competitions and 25 years since top won the last trophy. >> i played well enough and on the squad and tried to fight for every competition and then we will see the reality and then of the season. >> reporter: sanchez in his first start since november and liverer pool will have a replay after a goal was drawn on the field and hat trick for man chester city as they had a 4-nil. >> maybe i received some criticize why we need to replace at the beginning of the season
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and i answered that it's very important for him when he has the chance to do it and demonstrate why he is in the squad so i think that was a very useful gain for him. >> reporter: barcelona made a big move in the spanish title race with 2-1 over second place atletica on madrid-messi and 2-1 win over atletico and had two off barsa and two points clear of the top and have a game in hand. japan came from two goals down to win the asian under 23 title here in qatar, this 81st minute goal are giving japan a 3-2 win over south korea. both teams have been qualified for the rio olympics by virtue of reaching this final with third place and iraq joining them and brazil. south africa's brandon grace retained the qatar masters winning by two shots in do what and shooting 69 with 14 under
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and the 27-year-old first to have back to back titles in doha and seventh win on the european side. >> to win it's tough and it's tougher but it was great and played really good golf and paid off at the end and now i know what it takes to defend a title but you know this is a special one. this is you know one that really put me on the map last year. i said it before and i'll say it again and just now winning it twice is extra special. >> reporter: and world number one jordan spieth played 28 holes on singapore open and weather delays said he had to finish the second round before three and finished six under par and three shots behind the leader. okay that is your sport, i'll hand you back to david in london. >> andy thank you, australia a place known for its sand and surf but over exposure to the sun's harsh raise is blamed for driving up the rate of skin
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cancer there and scientists in australia are taking the fight against deadly melanomas into the digital age and our correspondence dents andrew explains and he is in sidney. >> reporter: when doctors look at a scene like this they see the creation of cancer, skin cancer is more common in australia and new zealand, sunny places with lots of fair-skinned people than anywhere else. today she avoids the beach and sits in the shade and wears a hat and applies cream but she didn't when she was younger and at 19 she was diagnosed with an malignant melanoma on her arm. >> i went outgoing for coffee and out for 5-10 minutes and won't be in the sun that long, before you know it you have been in the sun for a few hours and have gotten quite burned. >> reporter: technology to protect people from accidentsel exposure to the sun and dangerous ultra violent rays are what they are working on in a
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melvin university made from silicone rubber they have thin transparent wearable patches. silicone the material we use you probably know it from your contact lenses, it's durable and you can stretch and bend it without breaking it and the point of the patch is that you can take this patch, slap it on your arm and forget about it. >> reporter: the real innovation is coating the silicon patch with a layer of zinc-oxide and it's thin, a thousand times thinner than a human hair, exposed to different light including dangerous u v light which is invisible to the human eye, the property of the zinc oxide changes and at the moment this equipment is needed to measure that change but scientists think soon the patch will be able to transmit wirelessly to a smartphone information about the amount of uv it and therefore the skin around it has had. it will warn people when their uv exposure is getting high.
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>> it will be an alert you had too much uv and people will not ignore it. >> reporter: there are dangers. >> don't have a meter or a sensor to delay the willingness to put on sun protection right from the word go when they are outside. >> reporter: as addition to traditional sun protection rather than as an alternative wherable technology is seen as helpful. this innovation, the scientists hope can be mass produced cheaply within five years as a wherable technology to alert people when they need to wear more or get out of the sun. andrew thomas, al jazeera, sidney. plenty of sunscreen before you go out although at the moment here not much need for that. al is our website for all the top stories al, for me and the news hour team good-bye for now. ♪
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>> a critical first step on the road to the white house. >> you have to find common ground. >> i'm doing what's right for you. >> that's the kind of debate that we need to have. >> stay with al jazeera america for...
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>> it's going to be about getting people out to the caucus, which is not an easy thing to do. >> comprehensive coverage that's... >> the focus will be on south carolina tonight.
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the main syrian opposition group arrives saying it's keen to make the u.n. negotiations a success. david foster. you are watchingays. coming up: renewed tensions between erduan and putin after turkey is accused of violating turkey's airspace. >> more lives are lost in the agean. the u.s. presidential campaign lets up in iowa ahead of monday's caucus.


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