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tv   Listening Post  Al Jazeera  January 31, 2016 12:30pm-1:01pm EST

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some might argue it's not that much for something you will be wearing for the rest of your life or that in a city like karakas is one of the few things that can't be stolen. much more on our website: hello. you're at the listening post. here are some of the media stories where looking at this week. afghanistan and the suicide bomb aimed at the media there. japan, well-known faces are disappearing. hello. you are at the "listening post" here are some of the media stories we are looking at this week. afghanistan and the suicide bomb aimed at the media there. japan, some well-known faces are
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disappearing from t.v. journalism. moroccan authorities have a problem with citizen reporter d reportersnd, and the court case is underway. what's the store at davos, with the world economic forum, the people who go there and the journalists who cover it? last week, journalnism afghanistan was dealt a killer blow. seven geesbreght of the country's -- country's tolo t.v. were killed when the taliban targeted their bus in a bombing. last year, the militant group declared the channel a military target. this attack was a message to the rest of the afghan media. the targeting of tolo leaves journalists between a rock and a hard place with a threat posed by the taliban compounded from pressure from figures in the government to report in a way that suits their version of the political and social story that progress is being made. until last week's attack on the media, government officials and those with links to them had been responsible for more threats against afghan
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journalists over stories about corruption, land grabs, violence against women and human rights abuses than the taliban were. was the afghan media under fire and under pressure? our storting point this week is kabul. . >> i saw i can braking news that there was a car bomb. that was when our head of news walks in and said that we were the target, our bus was hit by a suicide bomber. i didn't know how to react. i went down stairs. i could see a lot of people on the phone trying to identify which van was it? how many people were hurt. when i went there, it was a kye on theic scene we were trying to
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identify how many of our colleagues were lost in the attack. we deal with a lot of sad stories on a daily basis, but this was different, and we were affected directly. that evening, we had to report on what happened just as one other security incident. >> the story behind this bombing goes back to last year when, after a long battle, the taliban captured kunduz, the first time it had taken a major city in afghanistan since 2001. afghans following the story on either tolo t.v. or one t.v. saw reports of taliban fighters being accused of rape. the militant group dennous ounced the two channels as satantic media, dealing in
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propagandaa and threatening to kill journalists from the both. >> they have been very critical of the taliban does wasn't until the fall of is kundus, it involved anger and the taliban claimed that this was a lie and this is the reason that they said, okay. tolos employees and channel one employees are military targets from now on. >> i think the main fear of taliban is that if people know what they are doing, because they are saying something and then doing quite different. that's why they are very angry because tolo t.v. was broadcasting what really taliban have done. >> what we did was to report what we were seeing and what we were hearing. we did a lot of sessions with our staff right after the threat
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to ensure that they are well-informed about it, they are careful. so we took it very, very seriously. but unfortunately, a t.v. channel cannot protect the roads of a city of 5 million people where every week, a blast occurs and people die. >> in the five years the taliban ruled afghanistan starting in the mid 1990s, almost all modern forms of media were banned. it's been 14 years since they were driven from power by the u.s.-led coalition and afghans now have 75 tell viths channels and 175 radio stations to choose from. but over that decade and a half, 54 journalists have been killed, one by government forces, many by taliban fighters. the group has moved out of the media dark ages, establishing a website and a presence on twitter. but like any political moment, the taliban does not speak with one voice or adhere to one policy, and that is reflected in
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its approach to the news media. >> the taliban are not the media-despising monsters anymore. before, they were known for not allowing any media at all. but it's been a few years that they are very active, and they try to change the narrative by publishing their own information. it's kind of a counter information because most of the information journalists get are either by the afghan government or by nato. so they try to change that. >> i think that we should ask the taliban what it is they do not want us to cover. but as journalists, it is our duty to cover the latest events. the taliban are entitled to their views, but what is important to us as journalists is to portray the injustice that exist and uncover the latest events with an unbiased outlook. it is our job to let everyone know what it is happening, even those who oppose others. >> in a country that went from a
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near total media vacuum to a saturated broadcasting landscape in such a short time, the learning curve for everyone involved, journalists, politicians and movements like the taliban has been steeped. ask any afghan journalist and they will tell you they are more likely to be threatened over their reporting by someone from the government or the security services than by a militant armed with a gun. and sometimes, such is the case of deutsche correspondent, judgists can get it from both sides. >> we have around .20 correspondents all over the country, and one of them last year was taken hostage by the taliban. they wanted to know whether he was a spy or not. and the only reason he was set free was because he was working for dw, which is, as german broadcasters and not an american organization. and what happened next was that the afghan intelligence agency
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knocked on his door and said: what are you doing here? you were with the taliban. why did they set you free? obviously, you are working with them or something. otherwise, they would have killed you. so there is pressure from all sides. >> there are people inside the government of afghanistan, especially in security sfvz offices and military offices that they are not quite aware of the media. they started to have links witness news rooms of media outlets. to have put pressure on me. not directly threaten me here but incorrectly have influence on media sector which is very dangerous. >> in reports which show a particular ministry or other government body in a positive light, naturally, they will support us. but if we are reporting a indicates of corruption, they will not want to cooperate. to some extent, we are still threatened by the government on a daily basis. but at least with the government, it's possible to have a dialogue. the problem is being denied access to information, or to
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some extent, violence towards journalists, but not to the extent of killing journalists. >> voll voltaire wrote that to a pen is to be at war. >> that's where many afghan journalits find themselves. when the pen is put to the sword as it was in kabul last week, the question becomes, the story becomes: what will those with the pen do now? >> we are in a critical juncture at the moment. this is about freedom, giving voice to a nation which will silence for many decades in our recent history. this is what the afghan media has given to the afghan people. i am hopeful we are still going to grow because media and press freedom is something that the afghan people want from the bottom of their heart.
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other media stories that are >> other media stories on our radar, one of the best known investigative journalists in p japanese television is out of a job. he hosted a prime time news called close up jin dai for 23 years. she gained a reputation for asking tough questions of the powerful, which made her one of a rare breed in the japanese media. related to an interview she did with chief cabinet secretary in which she asked an unscripted
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question that upset the politician of tbs will be replaced in april after criticizing the government's handling of new security regulation. a new anchor at nhk andmontsa nino have lost positions. according to the annual press freedom index published by the paris-based reporters without borders, media freedom in japan is deteriorated under prime minister. it was ranked at 11th place in the index in 2010. abi was elected in 2012. japan has sunk to 61st. a trial underway in morocco and another one coming, and combined the two cases are likely to have a chilling effect on journalism there. seven people, 3 of whom worked with the moroccan association for investigative journalism went on trial over a project to train citizen journalists to
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work with smartphones. according to the court papers, the allegation is that citizen journalism may destabilize mo morocc moroccans' trusts in their institutions and charged failing their project was funded by free press unlid. if convicted, they could face up to five years in jail. and ali lamusa is to stand trial, his crime, an interview he did with a german newspaper in which he was quoted western sahara is occupied. that's a red line in moroccan journalism. anusla said his quote was lost in translation faces charges of undermining territorial integrity. add the guardian to the long list of print news outlets facingcu facingcuts, trimmed by 20%. the paper has broken some of the biggest news stories, the edward snowden nsa surveillance story
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and the phone-hacking scandal at u.k. tabloids among them and their partnership with wikileaks which made headlines around the world. it has a successful website, 9 million unique users per day but print advertising fell by 25% last year, digital revenues have failed to make up for that. "the guardian" has long resisted going the paul wall route. every year in the swiss alps, more than 500 reporters congregate to an invitation meeting of the world economic forum. business and financial news outlets find the cast of characters there irresistible. some 2,500 business leaders, political players and celebrities converging to as the brochure says, improve the state of the world. it's a high-altitude sound byte fact o with ceos spinning their profit numbers and politicians marketing their countries. the british charity oxfam
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published a report revealing the planet's 62 richest individuals are as wealthy as half of the world's population where better than for the news media to get at yawning wealth gaps than davos with the gathering of the super rich. on the annual spectacle davos, the media embedded at the event and how the forum is reporting. >> davos, population less than,000 except when the world economic forum comes to town. then the number swells to about 30,000. a significant enough are members of the global media, not just t.v. anchors, newspaper reporters and it hosts, photographs, technicians, all there to report on this annual
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alpine mega meeting. >> you have people from different fields. what unites them is they are super rich and very powerful exchanging information and harmonizing their ideas to the exclusion, of course of everyone else. it's a very good image of how the world currently works. >> the world economic forum is a must-do event because it's a great opportunity for us to speak to world leaders, business leaders and, also, prime ministers about the world changing events that are facing our society. four hours of meeting with vice president biden, you cannot report any progress on reaching a lasting peace in dunbar? >> there is this normalative claim from journalism, contesting power, speaking truth to power. actual overwhelmingly what we do is to reproduce the power. the formum foundation is 50
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years old. what will began as a euro centric super rich club is less european, less white, a little less male but even richer. the media at the gathering has become more diverse. financial news outlets dominate but some of the most extensive operations set up by cnbc and bloomberg and agencies like reuters, however, each year has seen more journalists from africa, latin america, and asia co coming over to cover the event. >> what if the positioning of india? >> the second important point is about the trends that are going to be shapie change across the world. >> china only con assumes 10 percent of the world's oil. the inter play is deep
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embeddedness of globalization is very exciting for media. picture post card setting contrasted sharply with the dark news horizon this year. >> bad news from china. the shanghai index fell 8 and a half percent. the falling your o at 1% of people in the year since the 2008 financial crash, the global wealth gap has been growing wider every year. the annual has shown a steady growth from 1062 billionaires in 2008 to 1,826 billionaires in 2015 with a net worth $2,015 wi $7.05 trillion. the credit suisse bank's 2015 global wealth report stated that, quote, the lower half of the global population collectively owns less than 1% of global we willth while the
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richest 10 percent own 88% of all wealth. many of the richest 10 percent were at the forum. but the inequalities, social and economic, were not high on the news agenda. we try to get to the bottom of business decisions. the world economic forum represents most people who are very important in business. we try to understand their thinking and challenge them under business models. >> the notion that these channels real capitalim. to do so you have to chronicle how they can produce and reproduce and capital along the lives of people. >> i think the easiest thing to do and what most business reporting is being a mouthpiece of capitalism. >> ken killed it last year. looking forward to your fourth quarter results... >> a lot of business journalism is reporting what the people who run business say. in sports journalism, you say chelsea beat arsenal 1-nil and in financial journalism, you say
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the stockmarket fell 1%. you report the score. it's much harder to explain in depth what is going on behind the score. >> that will kind of reporting takes a lot time as your holdings in twitter, i have no holdings in twitter whatsoever. >> interviewing a captain of industry mainly requires air time and news channels have a surplus of that. news channels are also owned by corporations and the relationships they have with governments, industries, and the financial sector can be too close for comfort. organizations by thompson reuters and bloomberg make are based upon the screens they sell to financial organizations. news actually nowadays for bloomberg and for reuters is a tiny part of the total income they make. i don't want to single out bloomberg but when somebody from bloomberg interviews a ceo, they are basically interviewing one
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of the clients. there is not one single bank or financial corporation or big corporation that doesn't have bloomberg. this is people you interview. journalists, individual journalists we will have ed editorialize that will safeguard the interests of bloomberg as an interest. >> we asked bloomberg for a response to the assertion, a spokesperson gave us this statement: bloomberg news tries to achieve balance and fairness in all reporting and does not allow external parties or the commercial interests of bloomberg lp to dictate any editorial decisions. we are extremely proud of the award winning journalism we have produced over the past 25 years.
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dressed up as a high might have minded snow-capped idea factory. alternative events coming up this year in montreal try to rival davos but they lack the heavyweights and ceos and attract a micro fraction of the coverage which leads the world comic for -- economic forum in a category of its own. it's one of those mediaents where the media's shortcomings can be exposed. >> the kind of swagger europe is going to show... >> leaning a little bit towards from standstill to losing steam. so, i think in davos, it's maybe you make sure you are maybe tougher with some of your interviewees that you are sure to get answers to the right questions. >> for a journalit, it's important always to not just take one point of view when you
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are covering a big event like this, you also have to go to the street and see what the reality is and match it to the discussions and the decision making at the global gathering like this. what we see here is really a collection of thoughts and views of leaders in their own countries in their own companies by bringing everybody together, i think there is a score for making sure we have a far more fair world than we have seen. >> we only caught the very i need of that press conference being given there by salim. he is the spokesperson for the syrian opposition at those negotiations in geneva. i'm sorry we actually only got the end of it. i am not entirely sure what he had said earlier.
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but we do know that members have been holding meet. those in direct negotiations aren't yet taking place in geneva, being response orders by the united nations indeed the opposition delegation arrived on saturday. we will try to turn around a little bit of that interview with salim and bring it to you as soon as we can. those negotiations to ends the violence in syria are getting off to a rather difficult start in geneva, the fighting is, of course, continuing on the ground, at least 60 people have been killed until an attack notice syrian capital, damascus. paul brennan has latest on that. >> the triple blast ripped apart nearby vehicles, shattered
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adjacent buildings and killed scores of people in the immediate convinced. the attackers main target appears to have been a bus which was carrying shia militia men in southern damascus as a site of pill xwrimage and home to syria's holiest site. militia men operate road blocks around the shrine. hezbollah and other iraqi and iranian malitias have a strong presence there. many visit the shrine before heal heading in to front line conflict. >> i say mercy for the martyrs and a quick recovery for the injuri injured. syrian state news agency quoting an interior ministry source said a car bomb had first been detonated near a public transport garage and the two suicide bombers then blew themselves up nearby as people were being rescued. the ex mroesz happened just as
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delegates began convening in geneva for the first u.n. mediated peace talks in two years what the group that follows the sunni group of islam claims responsibilities. >> a little earlier from the opposition representative, let's hear now from the spokesperson. >> we are not aware of the other party. they do not nor do we have a final list of the parties. they have delayed six days. they do not have a final list of their names as they speak. there is more than one delegation representing the opposition that's why we have referring to them as the opposition parties rather than opposition party.
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finds mother on our website >> i ended up screwing them over. >> it almost cost me my life. it cost me my kids. it cost me my marriage. it cost me everything. on al ja.
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. >> this is al jazeera. hello, everyone. you are watching the news hour live from london. coming up in the next 60 minutes: a series of bomb attacks hits the syrian capital damascus. at least sixty people die. leaders search for a way to e for a way to end the war. >> 60 are killed in nigeria. the group boko haram is thought to be responsible. >> a palestinian police officer is shot dead after


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