Skip to main content

tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 1, 2016 11:00am-12:01pm EDT

11:00 am
drivers in place. thanks for watching, more news next from doha. >> and a very welcome to the news hour much i'm nick clark, live from the headquarters in doha. coming up in a few minutes, worsening conditions in refugee camps. the panic is real. an israeli soldier accused of the killing of a palestinian released in a military camp. myanmar's parliament votes to give an suu kyi a role.
11:01 am
,. >> ? greece, the refugee situation appears to be getting worse. in greece and turkey, the deal comes into operation, makeshift refugee camps in greece. the high commissioner is urging support for that country's system, which is under pressure from an influx of people. more from the greek-macedonian border. >> reporter: the u.n. is again expressing concern about the eu-turkey deal, just three days before it's to be implemented. hundreds of migrant refugees who landed on the shores from
11:02 am
the 20th of march are now being held in detention facilities. the u.n. is concerned about the conditions inside of those detention facilities, which are basically prisons. they are overcrowded, lack of sanitation, but it's not just that. the world organization is worried that these people, their asylum requests, are not being properly processed because of the lack of time. and there are also concerns that international law could be violated. >> today we're urging the parties to the recent eu and turkey agreement on refugees and migrants to ensure that all safeguards are in place before any returns begin. this is in light of continued serious gaps in both countries. >> reporter: the u.n. is also concerned about the 50,000 migrants and refugees who are now stranded in greece. these people are not part of the eu/turkey deal. they have been trapped since
11:03 am
they closed the borders, and the frustration is growing, and tensions have been on the rise. and yes, we have heard of fights between the different communities on the ground. many of those stranded in greece say that they have not been able to apply for asylum. no one picks up their calls. and the u.n. is in fact worried that greece does not have the capacity to process the asylum requests. >> without further eu support, the further capacity for them to process asylum claims will create more problems. there are very limited hours of registration, lack of access to the skype system for registration, whereby people receive their appointments and their interviews via skype. this is adding to the anxiety. >> reporter: the eu seems intense on implementing the deal. it would be an important show
11:04 am
of force to show migrants and refugees that they're serious, especially since the deal came into effect on march 20th, but the deals continue with a much lower number in the past. but still people continue to land on greece's shores. deportations could be seen as a deterrent. amnesty international is forcing turkish refugees back to their country. turkish refugees have been expelling 100 syrian men, women and children daily. and in some cases, children have been forced to return without their parents, and registration of syrian refugees has been scaled back. it will come into effects next week. under the deal, the migrants going to greece are expected to be sent back to turkey if their asylum claims are rejected.
11:05 am
the international director for europe and central asia, he says that it puts the legality of that deal into question. >> what we have domed in the eastern provinces in turkey last week were a series of incidents, groups of 100, 200 syrian refugees being rounded up, collected, sent back in buses across the border, back to the conflict that they're fleeing. combining this with numerous sources in the region, aid workers, and lawyers and other refugees, for who a near daily practice of return of this kind is an open secret in the region, and it really points to a deeply problematic practice that has fundamental significant consequences for the legality and the humanity of it. most are handed back across the border to the local militias.
11:06 am
and there they end up being in camps. some we spoke to, the conditions are notoriously bad and deteriorating, with growing allegations of abduction, and really sent back to extremely poor conditions, and growing numbers of people gathering in those camps, fighting elsewhere in syria. so the risks are very real for them there. >> an israeli military court has ruled that an israeli soldier accused of killing a palestinian man can be moved to open detention in a camp. he was lying on the ground after being severely wounded following an alleged attack on an israeli man. >>joining us, tell us more about what happened.
11:07 am
>> reporter: well, we heard from the israeli military's chief prosecutor. he tried to appeal the decision made by the judge late last night to send the soldier into what's called open arrest. he'll be at a military base, but unconfined. the chief prosecutor, the points he made to try to get the soldier to remain in detention. he said that the terrorists posed no threat, these are his words, but however many movements the terrorists made at the scene, none of the people were alarmed and this speaks volumes, and he criticized the soldier for saying that he kept changing his testimony, and he wouldn't reenact the scene. this is missing that they asked of him. and this raised doubts about the credibility of the offenses, to put it mildly. but of course this didn't happen. and the soldier is released into open arrest and the next
11:08 am
court hearing will be on tuesday. >> and given the context of it all, given the upsurge in the tensions in the region? >> well, the significance of this video is that it captures a moment, unlike any other like we have seen. what happens, you have the attack, and you have two palestinian men stabbed, an israeli soldier was lightly wounded. the soldiers shot both of the men. one was killed. and the 21-year-old was shot and was lying wounded on the ground. even the army spokesperson came out in the last few days, saying that the army adhered to protocols when it came to neutralizing the terrorists, but when it came to moraling and ethical values, he said this was a grave incident. what we see on the video, moments after, you see the palestinian lying on the ground, and you see the settlers milling around, and we looked at the video and met
11:09 am
with the man who shot it, and it was uploaded to the internet. and it's a very casual scene, and all of a sudden, you have a soldier walking to the back of the screen, and appearing to speak to a settler, and he takes something out of his hand which appears to be a hat. and at the takes his weapon and it takes 5 seconds to shoot the palestinian in the head. it seems very unprovoked and all of the protocols, there was no reason for him to do that. we have criticism high up from the israeli prime minister, and not saying that the soldier is a hero, but he's a soldier gone wrong. and criticizing the soldier, a lot of support from the army. it's an incredibly sensitive issue, and the orthodox community, fathers, sons, mothers, daughters, all serving, and that's why you have the family network almost
11:10 am
when it comes to the army. so it's an incredibly intense debate, and again, the soldier released from prison, something that the prosecution did not want, but the trial continues and the army accused him, looking into the accusation of murder, and that has now been downgraded to manslaughter. >> myanmar as approved a new government post for san suu kyi. and her boss will be state counselor. they are expected to vote on it on tuesday. suu kyi is barred from being the president because her children hold noren passports. >> a large majority in the upper house, a very crucial bill, which will give extended powers to san suu kyi. she was barred from running for
11:11 am
president because her children have foreign nationalities, and now she has created a very powerful position for herself, which seems to be at a similar as the president, and the military still has 25% of the seats here in the parliament. they were very much against t the majority of the upper house has spoken in favor. >> it's important because the whole country, they give votes for san suu kyi, and not i, the whole country would like to see san suu kyi as the leader of the country. >> because it's a very new position, created for san suu kyi, it seems that not only have an advisory role to the government, but to parliament, which gives her the position as head of state.
11:12 am
but her power is even higher than that of the president. >> still to come, north korea's latest provocation. plus, more sex abuse allegations against u.n. peace keepers in the central african republic. u.s. female footballers step up their fight for equal pie. >> north korea's ambassador to the u.n. said that his country needs a nuclear deerternity, in defiance of the u.s. and its allies. they launched a short missile on friday. and that came after the u.n. said that they would increase
11:13 am
pressure because of the nuclear program. our political affairs analyst, he said that kim jong un. >> this is the playbook that he inherited from his father. but this is very different from those times. right now, it's a slap in the face for xi ping as he's meeting with obama about issues. china was very helpful in helping to draft the new restrictions against north korea and they have said that they're going to enforce them. it's bewildering why he would choose this time. this has changed things. the chinese public is not very fond of kim jong un, who they call lit fatty 3. he's widely derided. this will be seen as a slap in the face to china, and there
11:14 am
was a piece of paper that was handwritten that was supposedly saying that north korea is now seeing china as an enemy, and this was supposedly broadcast. but it has not been verified. if it is in fact true and the represent rick goes against china, there could be sharp reactions. >> president obama's final nuclear summit is getting underway i ever in washington d.c. right now. it comes against growing frustration over the international approach to reducing nuclear attacks and reducing stockpiles. north korea of course is going to be a big focus at the discussions there. >> that's right, north korea has already been a big focus of the discussions. the president met on thursday with the leaders of south korea and japan, which are very concerned north korea's efforts to develop a nuclear program. and all three agreed that they
11:15 am
would work as hard as they could to keep that from being a reality, though the suspicions, as you know, nick, are very strong, and north korea has developed some sort of a nuclear weapons capability. we had a bilateral meeting, the main one between president barack obama and chinese president, xi ping, where they stopped their effort to be a nuclear weapon state. what does that mean? some way of starting the 6-party talks out to be found. but north korea has to stop whatever it's doing before the u.s. will return to talk. it's not going to award them for past bad behavior, behavior that has been sanctioned, not just by the united states, but by the u.n. security council as well. >> and the age old issues,
11:16 am
nuclear stockpiles and the trafficking in nuclear materials are very much the focus. >> that's very much the central focus of this security summit. but not the organization, such as the iaea and other international treaties, dealing with the storage of nuclear materials. and the trafficking. the president has long argued, trying to make certain that the countries have a better handle on how nuclear materials are stored within their boundaries, and using certain controls when transferring this material from one location to another is an important backstop, as it were, nick, to the overall issue. there are critics, how have, who suggest, and we're about to
11:17 am
hear from president barack obama as he's starting the opening session. this is a real matter that has to be dealt with apart from the issue of nuclear weapons itself. >> all right, thank you very much indeed. to kurdistan, the pkk is claiming responsibility for a car bombing. the blast killed seven police officers and injured at least 27 others. >> shattered the calm of this residential neighborhood. a car, packed with explosives, detonated here. the damage is clear. the family is shocked. they survived the attack. >> my parents were cooking in the kitchen. i was in the bathroom, my children were studying in the living room. all of a sudden, a powerful explosion, we felt it, and something very strong coming on to us. it was like an apocalypse.
11:18 am
>> many onlookers stood in the street and many more scared. >> we heard an explosion, we thought it was been earthquake. >> reporter: the car was parked here, and detonated by a remote control. the explosion was so powerful that it shattered the windows of the buildings. the security officials said that they have identified the man in this footage as the main suspect. targeted last month, the suicide attack, carried out by an isil suicide bomber, killed several tourists in istanbul. they have seen this since last year, the government said that several councilors have closed, and they have warned the
11:19 am
western states' citizens against traffing in the country, especially southeastern turkey. it only increases the fears of more attacks. >> in syria, at least 31 people have been killed, and dozens injured. civil defense buildings were damaged. france said that it violates the truce in parts of syria, and britain, they have rejected the syrian president's proposal for a unit government. the british foreign secretary said that only a truly representative government and one without president assad can offer a way forward. >> a unity government, bringing one or two hand-picked regime friendly oppositionists.
11:20 am
there has to be a change of direction in syria, the government represents all the people. all of the communities in syria, and it has to be a government that is not, or at least in the future will not be led by bashar al-assad. >> reporter: at least three kurdish policemen have been killed by a suicide car bombing in the south of iraq's kurdish region. the attack happened in front of a government building, and on the outskirts. there were no reports of casualties from those attacks. indian police have arrested five employees at a construction company. at least four why killed. and 90 have been rescued. but police say no further survivors will be found. >> reporter: the street, once under the shadow of a flyover,
11:21 am
now being concrete slabs and mangled metal. >> workers say that it will take up to three days to remove a precarious slab that's hanging off the bridge, held together by pieces of concrete and twisted iron. residents look on with a bird's eye view, the building barely touching the flyover. people in vehicles have no choice but to pass under the building. two members of this family lost their lives. the concrete slabs fell onto a ricksha that was taking this man's son and daughter-in-law to a nearby market. >> i have lost everything.
11:22 am
my entire family is gone. i don't know how i'll -- i'm already 75 years old and i'm left with my grandson. what do i do about his future? i don't know what to do with out my son. >> reporter: the search for vehicles trapped under the debris continued through the night. and police say no one was pulled out alive. she canceled all of her campaigning for state election, vowing that those responsible will be punished, and there will be an investigation. but in the light of day, the locales say that they're sceptical. they worry that the elections are because of politicians had intentions now. though there were no casualties, people say that the government had taken action back then and created policies and checks and balances for construction, a tragedy of this scale may not have happened.
11:23 am
but even here, memories are short. despite carnes that the area is safe, they gathered to watch the machinery taking part. vehicles parked under the bridge. aljazeera, call cut a. >> one of india's great cities, struggling to keep pace. it's becoming all too common, and the industry analysts say that substandard buildings get approved because of corruption. many have been accused of compromising on the quality of the materials to keep costs down, and amid corruption claims, under construction since 2019, missing several deadlines for completion. ceo of the foundation, the restoration of national values,
11:24 am
and she says that corruption and bribery is arrive within the indian construction industry. >> it's important to understand at this point that india in the united nations against corruption. which means that they have to be brought to international standards. so they're being made, but what's very important is businessmen have to understand, corporations have to understand that business has to be conducted in a fairway. if money takes or bribery, the country is going to lose. the country will become bankrupt, deaths will rise, people will suffer, and eventually, economic in the country is bound to suffer if this continues. >> a woman has died just months after the united nations
11:25 am
declared. civilians abused by those who are supposed to protect them. >> we talked to the families about what has happened to their daughters, who, in many cases were raped by the soldiers, or had relationships with the soldiers when they were very very young. and who are now left carrying terrible stigmas as the
11:26 am
soldiers have gone back to their countries with no accountability, the victims are left here, ostracized in their communities, and devastated by the experience. >> the u.n. headquarters in new york, this was the reaction from the world organization's leadership. >> the secretary general is shocked to the core at the latest allegations of abuse in the central african republic. his focus is on the victim and their families. we're talking about women, young children who have been traumatized in the worst imaginable way. >> the peace keepers, some of the most serious claims are the ones against the most serious militaries. nato and france. it says that it will investigate allegations against members of its separate force, which is not under u.n.
11:27 am
command. james bays, aljazeera, at the united nations. >> still ahead, how thousands of migrant children have been denied their right to asylum in central america. in sports, india turns the table on the world in 2020.
11:28 am
11:29 am
11:30 am
>> and again, welcome back. the top stories, the u.n. is calling for safeguards before the refugees return to turkey under a deal between ankora and the european union. accusing turkey of forcibly returning syrian refugees back to the war-torn country. an israeli military court is accusing a soldier of killing a palestinian man. he was shot in the head in
11:31 am
hebron in the occupied west bank last week. the pkk is claiming responsibility for a car bomb explosion in turkey. the blast killed seven police officers and injured at least 27 others on thursday. two of the biggest u.s. states have reached deals to sharply raise minimum wages. workers in california and new york will be paid at least $15 an hour. in new york, it's $9. it will affect an estimated 2 million employees. president obama has been pushing for an increase since 2013. william black, professor of law at the university of missouri in kansas city,
11:32 am
william black, what do you make of this? from $2 to 15, on the face of it, it sounds like a lot, but is it enough. >> yes, it's actually a bold move, and in the right range, according to many economists, the federal minimum wage is still stuck at about $7.25 an hour. and that would produce an annual income of 14,500. and basically, you would be in poverty right on the poverty line. so this is an attempt to create a minimum wage that would actually be in real terms, a bit higher than it was under the reagan administration. >> right, but a long way from being universal across the united states, how long would it take for that to happen? >> with the, it's not going to
11:33 am
happen except by federal legislation, and right now, the republican party won't vote for any material rise in the minimum wage. the aei, a conservative think tank in the united states in brooks has just voted for a substantial increase in the minimum wage, and this is one of the issues that cuts across party lines in the united states. while the increase in the minimum wage is strongly supported by deputies, it's actually spored by the majority of republicans as well. >> strongly supported by the majority of republicans, and supported by democrats, but there are arguments, not least from the american action forum that says that the increase could cost several hundreds of thousands of jobs. what do you say to that. >> that doesn't track with any of the economics. the economic studies find that there are very modest effects
11:34 am
on employment. in the city that i grew up in, dearborn, michigan, who is famous for henry ford, who from the opposition of other business leaders doubled what was then the prevailing wage, and the result was very favorable. ford motor company was able to hold onto employees, and the employees were actually able to earn enough to buy a car. and in the service sector, there's a real problem with retention of workers, so there are substantial efficiency gains at some employers when they have a higher minimum wage like this. >> so a lesson to be learned from employers to pay their staff more money, and indeed, it will have an impact on the whole u.s. economy. >> yes, california and new york are big enough by themselves that they are a substantial chunk of the u.s. economy, and
11:35 am
even with that, the u.s. economy is so large, we're talking about maybe one ten account of one% changes in aggregate figures in the united states as a result of all of this. but to where you started, it is one of the fairly powerful ways of reducing income inequality near the bottom of income distribution. >> interesting to get your perspective. and thank you very much indeed. now, thousands of migrant children in mexico are being denied their rights, according to human rights watch. they don't inform them of their status. reporting from mexico. >> tens of thousands of desperate children enter mexico every year. some want to go to the u.s., and many want to stay in mexico. they want to escape gang
11:36 am
violence back home. many have applied for refugee status, but immigration agents usually don't tell migrants of their rights. diego, a 17-year-old from honduras, fled home after a gang murder of his father. >> they don't tell that you you can apply to be a refugee. you have to get a lawyer to file an application, which is a process. >> the report says that immigration agents often discourage under aged migrants from applying for protection, and they often place children in detention centers instead of youth centers, which are required by law. this is from southern guatemala, a few minutes, all the way to the northern border of the united states. it's a long route, especially for young migrants who encounter many dangers along the way, from criminal organizations and
11:37 am
extortionists, and also from immigration officials. >> the immigration officials didn't respond to our requests for an interview. but the government's own numbers show how few child migrants are applying for protection. 20,000 unaccompanied children enter mexico each year, and in 2014, only 131 applied for protection, and 57 were given protective status. it appears they don't know their rights. and this could be from pressure from the u.s. in 2015, record numbers of central american youth arrived in the united states. >> in particular, along the southern border of mexico since the time the u.s. was commit to money, and engaged in diplomacy for mexico to do just that. >> despite the pressure, young
11:38 am
migrants keep coming, a chance to escape some of the most violent countries on earth. >> more people are now underweight across the world. the medical journal predicts that ten years from now, one fantastic of the world's population will be obese. it has tripped with women and doubled for men. by 2025, 18% of men worldwide and 21% of women will be obese. china has the largest number of obese women, while the u.s. ranked second. almost a fifth live in australia, canada, ireland, britain and the united states. the spokesman from the national observobesity forum, mr. fryer,
11:39 am
disturbing figures. what are the health consequences of these kinds of numbers, the magnitude of being obese? >> the health consequences are considerable. if you get to a certain level of obesity, you start to acquire die beet us and these can be lifelong, expensive to cure and in many instances lead to death. the consequences are tragic. >> how do you defining obese? >> well, its divided into body mass index. from 25-30, you're winding up to be obese. at 30, you are obese, and then
11:40 am
you get to 35, you're severely. and 40, you're morbidly. you have to keep glow the bmi of 30, because that's the critical number. >> and the biggest culprits, living in the high income countries. >> yes, surprisingly so. the high income countries, however, they ever a workforce, which is times 4. and what they do, they exist on preprepared food and convenience food, because they don't have the time to cook, and it's those foods which are the most dangerous, because they're processed and full of fats, salt and sugar, and those are the three ingredients that cause a lot of damage. particularly to children. because with the high levels of sugar, it affects their teeth as well. we have in the united kingdom, 25% of our five-year-olds having to have their teeth extracted because of the consequences of sugar.
11:41 am
>> who should be in the cross-hairs n. the battle to take this on? >> well, basically, the responsibility in my opinion, is governments. governments wherever they might be in the world. they're the people who can set the playing field upon which everybody lives. individual by themselves of course have the responsibility to what they eat and how they exercise, but it's what they actually buy from the supermarkets, and buy in the stores, which is controlled basically by governments. and the moment governments have been very lax in making sure that the food industry produces food which is as healthy as it can be. that's where we have the problem. what we now have to do is tell industry, and that's already starting to happen in the united kingdom. we have to tell industry that they have to clean their act up and ensure that the products which they produce are not stacked high into these fats and salt and sugar levels. >> thank you very much.
11:42 am
thousands of protesters in brazil have rallied to show support for the embattled president, roussef. from the capital of brazillia >> they will not let their president go down without a fight. tens of thousands of president dilma rousef's most ardent supporters are supporting a president trying to stave off impeachment. >> it is a very delicate situation, but there's nothing against the president to justify her impeachment. >> we say the impeachment is a coup, orchestrated by the oncision. >> if the president is
11:43 am
impeached, it's absurd that a democratically elected president by the majority and by the rules would be removed by this. >> many of the people are poor or working class. the ones that have benefited the most from the socialist economic policies of roussef's workers party for a decade. today they're on the street for a reach. >> thursday marked the anniversary of the 1964 military coup, supported by congress, that ousted the president from power and led to two decades of dictatorship. today, they before that democracy is at risk. a constitutional lawyer said that the impeachment against roussef is going through all of correct legalocables, so is it a coup? >> no, it's not a coup because it is working. this is a legitimate legal
11:44 am
process in the constitution. >> if the impeachment process is a lel process, and constitutional, why is the president calling it a coup? >> maybe calling it a coup is part of the identity crisis of rusroussef's workers party. i have no doubt that there's stealing of funds going on. >> in the coming days as well, but today it was roussef's supporters heng a beleaguered president to hold onto a job that seems more tenuous by the day. >> germany's longest serving foreign minister has died at the age of 49. he arrived as a refugee. and he used diplomatic skills for germany and helped moscow
11:45 am
to accept a compromise with the west. japan's prime minister said that he will go ahead with the hike on goods and services next year, as part of the effort to reduce the debt. the move could do more harm than good. >> running his basement noodle shop, and sometimes working 20 hours a day, he feels every percentage point of every tax hike. with the increase in tacks charged, goods and services two years ago, from 5-78% reduced his margins. >> with the first tax hike, we didn't want to burden our customers. >> higher prices, though his business will suffer. upscale his problems to the size of the world's third
11:46 am
biggest economy, and you have japan's dial emma. raising the prizes, japan's public detect. but it has the process of slowing the economy, and what it receives overall and defeats the purpose. many believe that it helped to push japan back into recession last year. all of this cast doubt on his strategy of revitalizing the economy. with wages rising a tiny half a percent every year, many economists can't bear another tax rise. the government will be looking for reasons to postpone it. >> they can not say they're going to postpone because of the weakness of the domestic economy. that's why they have to --
11:47 am
responding to the hike. it's a very tricky thing for the government. >> tricky too for him, as he tries to set his noodle prices to keep his business going. >> i wish they would do something for the ordinary people, instead of helping big businesses all the time so, we can build some benefits. >> it seems tha aljazeera, toky. >> more to come here on aljazeera, including -- the world's best surfers ringing in the new season.
11:48 am
11:49 am
>> welcome back. >> quality in u.s. football may continue for some time to come. the members of the champion women's team have filed a federal complaint, saying that they are only paid a fraction of their male counterparts, and u.s. soccer is refuting the claims. >> american strike, alex morgan, breaking another u.s. record 12 seconds into this qualifying match. the u.s. women's teams is drawing fans to the stands and beyond. the victory of the world cup final was the most-watched telecast in the u.s. ever. topping the men's match.
11:50 am
but the women's players say that their male counterparts were paid four times as much money, though they generated more revenue. they were paid $2 million for the world cup, compared to the men, when they were knocked out early. >> the pay disparity between the men and the women is just too large. >> acting on behalf of the full team, five players say with the complaint with the employment commission that the disparity vitals the u.s. pay equity laws. >> in the past, they have generated revenue generation as the reason why the women weren't paid as much as as the men, and now that excuse no longer exists. >> it comes at a strategic time. the women may go on strike, threatening it's appearance in the rio olympics.
11:51 am
the soccer federation has already sued for a collective bargaining agreement next year. u.s. soccer said that it hasn't seen the complaint, adding that it was disappointed in the women's action. but tim howard, the national goalie, said that they support the women's fight. >> any time there's a labor dispute, athletes should fight for their rights, men or women. gender aside, they should fight for what they believe and is fair compensation, so i have no problem with that. none of the men's players he a problem with that at all. >> reporter: this gender equity expert said that the women have a good case. >> i think that the u.s. soccer federation will have a difficult time showing that it's a justifiable disparity. >> reporter: the equal opportunity will have a difficult time, but it's already serious friction
11:52 am
between the american football federation and their best players. the 2020 host in india said that he's not about to quit his job. in the west indies, and it leads to an unexpected exchange between the journalists after the game. >> you can continue on after the tournament? are you going to continue on after the tournament? >> oh, yeah. >> do you want me to recap some. >> no, i want to ask you.
11:53 am
[ unintelligible ] [ unintelligible ]. >> securing her spot in the fins ten years after she last won the tournament. the world wants serena williams. she was the winner in the finals in switzerland. 7-5, 6-3. continuing in australia in straight sets. she's one win away from her second victory. in the men's, 6-4, 7-6.
11:54 am
japan sharing the lead after an opening round of the insperation. the world's best female surfers are competing at a famed beach in victoria. the second stop on the world tour. in the final hit, in the
11:55 am
standing, a big chance to ring the traditional bell. >> we'll see you later, greg, thank you very much. onto chroma, where a restaurant is bringing together people. hiring unemployed army veterans, persuaded to go one step further. >> one of latin american's top 50 restaurants, and for the past eight years, it has been serving more than food. now, rebel fighters. >> a perspective employer wants to know your experience, and who can recommend you. but here i didn't have to lie. >> for years, never fully recovered.
11:56 am
she left her hometown and couldn't find a job to feed her children. when a government agency connected her, she worried about not being able to work in a restaurant and feared working shoulder to shoulder with her former enemy. >> when i saw him for the first time, i had the shivers. i didn't know what his reaction could be. but that same day, we talked and i cried. and since then, he has been my supporter. >> her colleague, reuben, lost his left eye and right leg to a land mine. >> my first reaction was harsh. it was hard for me to accept the idea. but we shared our stories, and i accepted that there were victims as well, and moved on. >> reporter: the restaurant foundation originally only hired soldiers. and hirer him was a bigger leap. >> there were a few fears about security, but at the end,
11:57 am
we said, hey, if we don't do it, no one will do it. >> his kitchen has become a symbol o colombia's efforts. it's still an uphill battle. some say that the country would never hire a former fighter. >> it's not enough for the government to create opportunities, and train these people with responsibility. it's a society that's not ready to receive them. >> back here, workers know that a restaurant alone is not likely to reverse decades of fear and distrust, but they are convinced and hold the key to reconciliation. >> that's it, my colleague, barbara serra is standing by in london.
11:58 am
11:59 am
12:00 pm
>> up certain fumes, the united nations issues a stark warning about refugees that could be sent back from greece to turkey. hello, i'm barbara serra, and you're watching aljazeera live from london. also coming up on the program, world leaders discuss how to keep the world safe from attacks with nuclear weapons. an israeli soldier accused of unlawfully killing a palestinian is moved from