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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  April 3, 2016 1:00am-1:31am EDT

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people in the greek town of idomeni have been protesting over the expanding refugee camp. they say their livelihoods are at risk but the migrants and refugee $say they're worse off. from idomeni in greece our correspondent reports. >> reporter: attitudes are changing. compassion has given way to anger. at first the solidarity with the refugees and migrants but now they're telling the government in athens that livelihoods are at risk. they say their quiet town no longer belongs to them.
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>> translation: when they came here we embraced them and favor them things, but now our lives are unbearable. we're scared to allow our children to play in the-- children to play in the streets. >> reporter: they have been living in-- they have been leaving in the fields close to the borders for weanings. farmers have lost their income. they cannot employee their land. people say the refugees that the rest of europe has been blocked by those who are now stranded in greece. >> translation: we are now forced to rerout our route and this means extra costs. we are playing 25% more and it takes longer to deliver the goods. >> reporter: police have tried to move people from the tracks. they failed because people resisted and greek authorities have repeatedly said that they
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have no intention of evacuating idomeni by force. it is now home to more than 12,000 people. the majority the people here are reluctant. european activists in the camp are blaming the e.u. for what they say is a lack of transparency. they have set up this information center to explaining to those trapped in greece their official options even as they say the system is not functioning. >> our message is listen to the people here on the ground that are stuck, that are not treated according to human rights. their life is on hold. the procedure that is in place for people to access the system, it doesn't work at all. the people of idomeni say they're under strain. they block the main highway hoping that the authorities will
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act. once they left, refugees and migrants make their way along has become a road to nowhere in the key in western turkey there's concern over the rival of yet more refugees. about 300 people demonstrated. >> translation: there are even people from zimbabwe. nobody know whose they are. how can i be sure they're not terrorists? >> translation: we feel sorry for the migrants, but we all know these policies are wrong. there's no need to say more at least five people have been shot dead by guards at a detention center in libya. an malta-based rights groups say
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forces fired on migrants trying to escape the center. it houses thousands of migrants and refugees who were stopped from crossing to europe. thousands of syrians fleeing the war have travelled to nearby countries like lebanon, jordan and turkey. a record number are trying to get overseas. a few are travelling more than 9,000 kilometers to west africa to find a safe place to live. >> translation: it is a lonely life. so far away from home selling pur females - perfumes. he lived on the outskirts of damascus and it was too much to bear. he left it all for a better life here in senegal. >> translation: i am not a
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refugees. i have my job here. the moment i feel my country is fine i will definitely go back. i hope all syrians can return to our country. >> reporter: in this great exodus in which five million syrians are fleeing their homes to wherever necessary, he has found his life in a better place. he is free here not like those who chose to go to europe he says. >> translation: europe to he is a big prison. you can't move freely. every move needs permission from government. they also have a tough life there. >> reporter: you might think west aftrica is an obvious designation, but a lot have
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entered as refugees. many are hoping to cross the sahara and then the mediterranean and then reach europe. then there are those who have made west africa home, like this man who found work here thanks to friends and family connections. people from the middle east have settled here for generations. there has long been a syrian community in senegal along with lebanese. like this man, born to syrian parents, he sells curtains made in aleppo. we're not going to let the war stop us. our suppliers have moved to turkey and we try to continue our work as best as we can. trade is a lifeline of our people. news from syria is just a few swipes away. again, it's not good news. pictures of ahis home or what's
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now left of it. this feeling of loss is only broken by the arrival of a new customer, a chance to forget the war for just a moment and focus on life here in senegal one candidate for the republican nomination for the u.s. presidency kept up his substance on syrian refugees. donald trump says he would send refugees back to syria. >> we have people coming in from syria on the migration. thousands and thousands of people. we have no idea who they are, where they come from, there's no documentation. we have to be crazy. i will tell you, they're going home. if i become president. we have to. we have to. we have no choice. where are these people coming from? i mean, where are the leaders coming from? what are they doing? large pardons of the kurdish
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city have been damaged from months of fighting. stay for the turkey's president's pledge to build a city in ruins. fighting for their culture, indigenous australians defend their right to fish. stay with us. stay with us.
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welcome back. the top stories here on al jazeera. dozens have been killed in the fighting between azerbaijan and armenia in the dispute region. it is the worst violence there in more than 20 years. people in the greek town of
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idomeni have been protesting over the refugee camp on the border. at least five people have been shot dead at a detention in libya. migrants were shot at while trying to escape the center. turkish prime minister has promised to rebuild the city. the his tore part of the city has been left in ruins. >> reporter: this man is in debt. his café has been closed. fighting has stopped and although his business is open again, he is not happy. >> translation: the people had nothing. they were australian agree. there was to work, nothing. i'm in debt. i'm relying on my credit card
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and i don't know how i will pay back the bank. the government has to help us. >> reporter: he is not alone. many people in the historic part have been affected. the district here is the hardest hit. the government imposed the curfew in late 2015 and launched a military operation targeting p.k.k. members and affiliated groups. the fighting went on for months, house to house, street by street. local aid groups say between 40,000 to 50,000 people were forced to leave. the damage is estimated to be tens of millions of dollars. over two weeks ago the curfew was lifted and life is slowly returning to normal. attentions remain. police in plain clothes are everything. the police say some areas here remain danger. some areas been the district here remain under curfew.
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the government doesn't allow anyone to go back to that area. as you can see there are barricades still set up. the prime minister has promised to curb what he caused the terrorism of the p.k.k. speaking from the city's historic part, he pledged to rebuild. >> translation: we will not leave the city as it is now in the way that the terrorists ruined and left it. we will reconstruct it in the best way possible >> reporter: not everyone here trusts the government. >> >> translation: the fighting was like a living hell. this is dirty politics from both sides. no, i don't believe what the prime minister says. >> translation: i will trust him when i see everything is revealed. >> reporter: turkey's kurdish issue is like a bleeding wound. the p.k.k. has been fighting for autonomy for over 30 years. a fragile peace process collapseed last year.
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restoring trust will take much more than rebuilding homes and livelihoods turkey's president says he is concerned about rising islamaphobia in the u.s. president erdogan made the comments while opening a new turkish islamic center in maryland. >> reporter: turkey's president ended his u.s. tower surrounded by pro-turkish throngs. inaugurating a new culture center in marieland, he lam efed the rise. >> translation: it is unacceptable of the muslims of the world to pay the price of the pain and suffering created by a handful of terrorists here in the aftermath of 9/11 >> reporter: he weighed in on the u.s. presidential campaign >> translation: it is very interesting and shocking for me to observe some of the presidential candidates here in
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the u.s. using these allegations and using these labels against the muslims on a continuous basis and openly. >> reporter: despite the supportive ending to his american trip, the road through washington has provoked controversy. >> it is a strong marriage of convenience, he is disappointed at the president obama's issues in the west. we need turkey to do almost anything that we are required to do in the region. >> reporter: outside his speech at the brookings institution, his security forces tried to block critical journalists from entering and clashed with protesters who dogged his every stop. even as president erdogan toured washington, washington evacuated family members of the military
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from the tur kirn base. everyone hoped obama that he would be here to join him. he declined to meet with erdogan here or they nuclear summit that brought him to washington and that has been seen as a snub. obama didn't merely side lined serdz, he scalded him >> i think the approach they've been taking towards the press is one that could lead turkey down a path that would be very troubling. >> reporter: we asked what he thought. >> reporter: president obama says there are troubling signs in turkey. what do you say? >> reporter: but he kept the answer to himself in brussels protesters from left and right wing groups have taken to the streets defying a ban on demonstrations. a dozen protesters were
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arrested. they were denouncing islamaphobia. in a north-eastern city protesters clashed with youths. water cannon was used to break up the crowd. 32 people died in the airport last month. the airport will reopen for a limited number of passenger flights on sunday. the bombings tore through the departure hall destroying much of it. the opening was delayed over security measures. >> translation: before entering the airport building an initial check will be carried out. we're going to check their travel documents, their id and make a comparison between between the two. we're going to give them a security check and baggage check in eastern libya two security guards have been killed in an oil refinery in a suspected i.s.i.l. attack. it happened 250 south of two
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other major terminals. there has been no claim of responsibility for the attack, but i.s.i.l. fighters have been active in the area recently sunday marks a week sincement lahore suicide bombings. pakistanis for different faiths held a vigil for those who were killed. a pakistani taliban faction affiliated to i.s.i.l. claimed responsibility australian investigators are to examine debris found to ascertain whether it came from missing malaysia airline's flight. investigators say that the pieces of debris were likely to have come from the plane which disappeared two years ago with 239 people on board. australia has led the search for the missing plane. the sdoer comes weeks after the debris found in mozam bique was found to come from the split.
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indigenous australians want a slice of the multi million dollar fishing industry that they feel entitled to. a report from a town rich in aboriginal history. >> reporter: off the coast here south of sydney are lobsters, oysters and abalone. commercially they sell for hundreds of dollars a kilo, but these men say they are not fishing commercially. they're collecting seafood for their families just as their aboriginal ancestors did. strict fishing limits, they say, shunt apply for them. as a repeat offender, this attitude has meant jail. he was caught with 75 abalone rather than the ten a day he was allowed under law. he was sent to prison for more than a year. >> i looked to the just and thought to myself, you're
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kidding, aren't you, and he didn't even look at me >> reporter: authorities say limits are necessary to protect stocks and ensure fishing is sustainable for commercial fisherman who pay big fees for licences >> reporter: what's in dispute is whether strict limits should apply to aboriginal people whose ancestors have gathered fish here for thousands of year >> reporter: this man feels the strict limits have compromised his identity. >> it's our culture to be able to go and practice what we were taught as a very young age >> reporter: he was caught with too many abalone ee three years ago. he was initially prosecuted, but when his lawyer brought up his native title cultural rights, the charges were dropped >> they have a right to take those fish. it is a legalry protected right. so on the legal front they're just doing what they're entitled to do >> reporter: me does have a commercial licence. he pace near $15,000 a year to
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fish and sell prawns, but as an aboriginal man he resents that. >> we should not be paying for something that belongs to us. we shouldn't. if that's our resource, why should we be paying money for it >> reporter: with the legal case indigenous australians have now, in effect, won the right to small-scale cultural fish, but they think they should be allowed to sell feed. he admits he has sometimes abalone on the black market. protesters say that trade should be legal >> at the end of the day we want to be part of that commercial industry instead of made out to be criminals >> reporter: indigenous communities around here suffer from chronic levels of unemployment. fishing for profit, they say, would help to tackle that and protect their culture the former brazilian presidential lula da silva insist he will take up the job as chief of staff to the current
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president. he made the comments during a pro-government rally in the north-eastern town. a judge had barred him from the post but brazil supreme court removed the judge linking the case of louisiana butterflies are coming back. there were three times more than the previous seasons. that comes after countries agreed on protecting the species. a report from our correspondent. >> reporter: monarch butterflied in their home. it is one of nature's longest mass migrations and one of the most precarious. after years of series decline, this season numbers have them in
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mexico have more than tripled. biologist says both nature and man have helped the insects out. >> translation: the climate has been very benevolent this went and this meant more reproduction. the public of the u.s. has helped to preserve and plant milk weed which is the chief source of the butterfly >> reporter: milk weed is the key. they lay eggs along the migration route and it serves as nursery and food for the young. that's why canada, u.s. and mexico have mounted a campaign to get the plant back into gardens, farm land and schools along the route. this class is doing their bit in mexico >> translation: the basic idea which the children are very enthusiastic about is the route from canada to mexico. >> reporter: they go on an
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incredible journey, 2.5,000 miles to get there, and this use an internal compass that guides them to a small forest that they've never seen before. the u.s. government has put more than $3 million into the conservation. with number $still way down from their peak 20 years ago, no-one is getting carried away >> we have to seen what is happening with the long-term population >> reporter: especially environmentalists say herbicides are the biggest danger. >> translation: the problem is that farmers are using the herbicide roundup which wipes out milk weed. >> reporter: scientific data shows that from 1999 to 2010 the increase in the use of herbicides eliminated 58% of the milk weed in these places. with it 71% of the reproductive
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capacity of the monarch butterfly >> reporter: we're seeing if it is a come back or just a brief respite all the news, of course, on our website. there it is on your screen, the address aljazeera.com valuable horn. high demand continues to fuel illegal poaching. today taking the animal to the brink of extinction. in a race against time, scientists are working on a lab-based rhino alternative >> we want to preserve traditions and animals will it pass as real, will it satisfy the demand, will it

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