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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  April 3, 2016 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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>> this game is to celebrate. >> al jazeera america - proud to tell your stories. the worst violence in two decades kills dozens in the disputed region between azerbaijan and armenia you're watching al jazeera live from our headquarters here in doha with me, peter dobbie. the other top stories. running out of patience, protests in greece about the refugee crisis. also to senegal where some syrian refugees have found a safe place to live. brussels airport partially reopens 12 days after being
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attacked by suicide bombers our top story, renewed fighting between azerbaijan and a rshg menia over the disputed caucus refresh. the defense ministry says there have been more attacks on sunday morning. dozens of people were killed on saturday which was the worst day of fighting in more than 20 years. azerbaijan says 12 of its soldiers were killed and armenia reported at least 18 dead. both say there have been civilian casualties as well. the u.s. and russia both calling for calm. the region is marked here on map in yellow there. you can see it quick clearly. it is dominated by ethnics, the area was put understand azerbaijan during the soviet era
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but it has been controlled by local armeniians since 1994. that after a war killed an estimated 30,000 people. d shaded area to the left of the disputed area linking the area with armenia, that is called the buffer zone. that's what it's supposed to do. it's controlled by armenia but claimed by azerbaijan. the government is accusing azerbaijan of violating the ceasefire. >> it was a violation of the ceasefire region, the international humanitarian law and the geneva conventions. whatever official it has done in the zone of azerbaijan conflict was conspicuous manifestation of violence a senior fellow at the hudson institute says because both countries have close ties
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to russia and moscow could play a big part in how the conflict will how play out >> what we're seeing now is a more serious skirmish, but there's several reasons why we probably we won't see an opening war yet. russia has hay military base in armenia and has an alliance with them. azerbaijan is a bit more distant. they have been trying to move closer to europe and the west and russia sells them a lot of weapons, but it's pretty much an economic relationship. russia is seen to be more on the side of azerbaijan. that said, in the past when there has been tensions, russia has sought to solve the cause if not necessarily the long-term conflict which gives some advantage to moscow.
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armenia want to keep the land and azerbaijan wants it back. there's no factor driving them to a peace settlement. azerbaijan is probably stronger military than armenia, is that it wouldn't stay confined to those countries. there's a good possibility of turkish intervention and russian intervention if the fighting becomes an all-out war. then it's unclear what's going to happen, but it will be about bad all around protesters in idomeni have been demanding the clearance of a temporary refugee camp. they say their business has been badly effected. refugees and migrants say they're worse off. on monday e.u. will start deporting illegal refugees to turkey. >> reporter: attitudes are changing, compassion has given way to anger. at first there was solidarity
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with the thousands of refugees and migrants, but now the people of idomeni are telling the government in athens that their looild is at risk. -- livelihoods are at risk. >> translation: when they came here we embraced them and gave them things. now our lives are unbearable. we are scared to allow our children to play in the streets. no-one explains to us why they're staying here. >> reporter: the refugees and migrants have been living in the fields close to the border for weeks. farmers have lost their income. they can't employee their land. the-- plough their land. they say refugees have been stealing their chickens. for the last two weeks the main freight railway line has been blocked by those who are stranded in greece. they hope the protest action will pressure the e.u. to open its borders, but it is adding more pressure on this country's already fragile economy. >> translation: we are now forced to rerout our trains and
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this means extra costs. we are paying 25% more and it takes longer to deliver the goods. >> reporter: the police have tried to move people from the tracks. they have failed because people resisted and greek authorities have repeatedly said that they have no intention of evacuating idomeni by force. this used to be a transit camp. it is now at home 12000 people. some have moved to enters prepared for them by the greek authorities, but the majority of people are relu luluctant to mo. they have set up this information center to explain their official options, even as they argue that the system is not functioning. >> our message is let all the people in. there is no full europe. our message is listen to the people here on the ground that are stuck, that are not treated according to human rights.
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their life is on hold. a procedure that is set in place for people to have asylum system, it doesn't work at all. >> reporter: the people here say they too they're under impossible strain. they blocked the main highway to idomeni hoping that the authorities will act. once they left, refugees and migrants who continue to believe the border will open make their way over what has become the road to nowhere there's also concern about the growing number of refugees in western turkey. about 300 people demonstrated against the setting up of registration desks and the building of refugee camps. they will house asylum seekers that have been sent back to turkey from europe. >> translation: first of all, we don't know who these people are. there are not only syrians in that group, there are members of the p.k.k. there are even people from zimbabwe.
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nobody knows who they are. how can i than sure they're not terrorists? >> translation: we feel sorry for the migrants, but we all know these policies are wrong. there's no need to say more in libya at least five people have been reportedly shot dead by guards at a detention center for refugees and migrants. an malta based human rights groups say people trying to escaped were shot at. two security guards have been killed at an oil refinery in a suspected i.s.i.l. attack at an oil field. it happened 250 south of two other major oil terminals. brussels airport is reopening to a limited number of paerpg flights. -- passenger flights. the departure hall was partially destroyed 12 days ago. the flights will take off later in the day with new security controls in place. a metro station was also
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attacked on the same day. 32 people were killed in both attacks. earlier in brussels protesters from left and right wing groups defied a ban on demonstrations. police arrested nearly two dozen protesters in the city's area. they were renouncing islamaphobia. riot police used water cannon to try and break up the crowd. it has been a week since the lahore suicide bombing that killed 72 people. pakistanis from different faiths have come together to hold a vigil for those who lost their lives. it happened at a busy public park. a faction has pledged loyalty to i.s.i.l. claimed responsibility. the group says it targeted christians. 29 children were among those people who were killed. thousands of supporters of the former colombian president have been protesting against the government. they owe pose ongoing peace talk with farc rebels and believe they will not result in justice.
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our correspondent has more now-- oppose. >> reporter: venting anger and frustration at a president they see as a traitor. thousands of supporters of the right wing party of former president took to the streets in over a dozen citizen towns across colombia. the are protesting against the policy, trying to reach a negotiated peace with the biggest rebel group in the country, the farc, to whom they feel he has given to many concessions. >> translation: the president selling the country to the rebels underneath the table. this process is a lie and people know that. we need help. >> reporter: many demonstrators sported the jersey of the football term as a sign of pay troe on theic pride while calling on the president to
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resign. retired soldiers and policemen came in their uniforms to rally against the treatment of armed forces members accused of human rights violations. >> reporter: these rallies show how the people are when it comes to the peace precise and a show of strength for the president when his rating are at an all-time low >> at any other country in the world it would be inconceivable that such large number of population is rally against peace. it is interesting to see how much leverage how much the party can gain in terms of stirring up opposition on the part of the population. >> reporter: recent delays in the peace process are providing fertile ground for the increased frustration felt by mr people. an eventualual peace dial will have to than submitted to a vote.
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in a country as divide as this one, the result of that vote will be far from certain the former brazilian presidential lula da silva says he will take up the job of chief of staff to the current presidential dilma rousseff. he made those comments in a rally. lula da silva who is under investigations of corruption was barred from the top judge. the just was removed from the case. dilma rousseff is fighting an impeachment against her. plenty more ground still to cover for you, including these ones. going to the depths down under where wherein indigenous people are fight onning r for their ancestry rights.
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g r for their ancestry rights. g r for their ancestry rights. g r for their ancestry rights. g r for their ancestry rights. g r for their ancestry rights. g r for their ancestry rights. >> the southwest side of chicag rights.southwest side of chicag ng r for their ancestry rights. is a war zone. >> taking on the critics.for th rights.ng on the critics.for th >> and another thing... a lot of the people have not seen the film. >> and spurring change armand spurring change through his art. >> we want this film to save lives. >> i lived that character. enia >> we will be able to see change. ghts.
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welcome back. you're watching al jazeera coming to you live. top stories. fighting between azerbaijan and armenia. there have been more attacks on sunday morning. dozens of people were killed on both sides on saturday. it was the worst day of fighting there in more than 20 years. an malta based human rights group say five people have been killed when security forces fired on a group trying to escape a detention center that held thousands of refugees and migrants that were stopped.
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brussels airport is reopening for a limited number of passenger flights with new security controls in place. the departure hall was partially destroyed 12 days ago when suicide bombers attacked it. >> translation: before entering the airport building an initial check will be carried out. we're going to check travel documents, ids and make a comparison between the two, but also going to give them a security check and a baggage check thousands of syrians trying to get away from the war have ended up in lebanon, jordan and turkey, but as record numbers try to get across to europe, some are going even further away from their homes seeking a better life. nicholas hart reports now >> reporter: it is a lonely life here so far away from home selling perfumes. he lived on the outskirts of
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damascus. the fighting, senseless violence and smell of death was too much to bear. nearly three years ago with no end in sight, he left it all for a better life here in senegal. >> translation: i am not a refugee. i have my job here. the moment i feel my country is fine, i will definitely go back. i hope all syrians can return to their country. >> reporter: in this great exodus in which five million syrians are fleeing their homes to wherever they can find sanctuary, he considers himself one of the luck ee ones. he has made it out live and found an accident place to live and work. he says he is free, not like those who chose to go to europe. >> translation: europe to he is a big prison. you can't move freely. every move needs permission from government. they have sections for refugees
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in europe. life is tough for them. >> reporter: you might think west africa isn't an obvious design aing, but hundreds of people fleeing the war have registered as refugees here which syrians can enter without a visa. many of them are hoping to cross the sahara and then the mediterranean to reach europe using the well-known migrant trafficking routes. then there are those who have made this area home like this man who found work through friends and family connections. there has long been a syrian community here along with the lebanese. like this man, born in senegal to syrian parents, he sells curtains made in aleppo. >> translation: we're not going
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to let the war stop us. our suppliers have moved to turkey and we try to continue our work as best as we can. trade is the lifeline of our people. >> reporter: news some syria is just a few swipes away. again, it's not good, pictures of his home or what is left of it. this feeling of loss is only broken by the arrival of a number customer. a chance to forget the war for just a moment and focus on life here in senegal the front runner for the republican party nomination to become the next u.s. president has reiterated his stance on syrian refugees during a meeting. he said he would send them back to syria >> we have people coming in from syria on the migration. thousands and thousands of people. we have no idea who they are, where they come from, there's no documentation. we have to be crazy. no, i will tell you, they're
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going home. if i become president t we have to. we have to. we have no choice. where are these people coming from. where are our leaders coming from? what are they doing? the turkish president made comments while open an ignores islamic center. >> reporter: turkey's president ended his u.s. tour surrounded by pro-turkish throngs. inaugurating a new islamic cultural center, he lamb entitied-- lamented the rise of islamphobia. >> translation: it is not good for muslims to suffer these
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things. >> reporter: he weighed in on the u.s. presidential campaign. >> translation: it is very interesting and shocking for me to observe some of the presidential candidates here using these allegations and labels against the muslim on a continuous basis and openly. >> reporter: despite the supportive ending to his american trip, the road through washington has provoked controversy >> it is a very strong marriage of convenience and he is disappointed at president obama allegation actions in the middle east. -- in a region that is very unstable, but on the other hand we need turkey to do almost anything that we are required to do in the region. >> reporter: outside his speech at the brookings institution, erdogan security forces tried to block critical journalists from entering and clashed with protest dwrers who dogged his every stop.
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even as he toured washington, washington evacuated family members from the turkish base after cities were struck. erdogan had hoped obama would be joining here. this is after all less than an hour's drive from washington dc. obama declined to meet with him here or at the nuclear summit that brought him to washington. he didn't merely side lyn him, he scalded him >> i think the approach that they've been taking towards the press is one that could lead turkey down a path that would be very troubling. >> reporter: we asked erdogan what he thought. >> reporter: mr president, president obama says there are troubling signs in turkey. what do you say? but he kept the answer to him debris found could belong to
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the missing malaysian air flight. it was discovered a month after this was found in mozam bique. it is almost certainly from the aircraft indigenous australians are calling for a slice of a multi million dollar fishing industry they say they are excluded from. many of them have been arrested on charges of poaching. the government says they're not entitled to fish even though their ancestors have done so for thousands of years. >> reporter: off the coast south of sydney are lobsters, oysters and abalone. they sell for $100s of dollars a kilo. this man says they're not fishing commercially. they're collecting sea reasonable doubt food for their family just as their aboriginal
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ancestors did. strict limits shouldn't apply to them, but he as a repeat offender that attitude means a jail sentence. he caught 75 and was sent to prison for more than a year. >> i looked at the judge and said to myself, you're kidding, aren't you? the judged just didn't even look at me. >> reporter: authorities say limits are necessary to protect stocks and ensure fishing is sustainable for commercial fisherman who pay big fees for licences >> reporter: what is in dispute is whether strict limits should apply to aboriginal people whose ancestors have gathered fish here for thousands of years. he feels the strict limits has compromised his identity. >> it's our culture to be able to go and practice what we were taught at a very young age. >> reporter: he was caught with
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too mm-hmm abalone three years ago. he was initially prosecuted, but when his lawyer brought up his native title cultural rights, the charges were dropped >> they have a right to take those fish. ait is ail legally protected right and so on the legal front they're just doing what they're entitled to do. >> reporter: he does have a commercial licence. he pay nearly $15,000 a year to fish and sell prawns, but as an aboriginal man, he resents that. >> we should not be paying for something that belongs to us. we shouldn't. if that's our lease, why should we be paying money for it >> reporter: with the legal case, indigenous australians have now, in effect, won the right to small scale cultural fishing, but they think they should be allowed to selfish too. he admits he has sometimes told abalone on the black market. protesters say that trade should be legal >> at the end of the day we should be made to be able to
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have part of that industry instead of being criminals. >> reporter: indigenous people suffer chronic rates of unemployment and fishing and selling would be able to tackle that liona rshlionardo dicapro m comments on palm oil products. a smokes man said he risks being black listed as he discredit the palm oil industry and the government of indonesia. guinea plans to vaccinate anybody who came to contact with ebola victim. the result is as a result of research that shows the virus can stay in the body for months. the world health organisation says it is no longer an
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international health emergency but it expects what it calls flare-ups at a decreasing frequency. in niger the president's second year term has been sworn in. the voter turn out was low and the opposition boycotted the process alleging that the poll was rigged. so mall i can't has some of the most-- somalia has the most experience electricity in the world. people are saying they're being held ransom to companies wishing to make a quick profit. >> reporter: these electricity workers in mogadishu are in a hurry. they are trying to connect more families to the electricity grid. business has never been better. that's because many people are returning to the city because of improving security. the companies which use diesel
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generators are benefitting from the global low oil prices. electricity here is still expensive. >> translation: we charge everyone what they use. our electricity is the cheapest in the country. we any our customers can afford our price >> reporter: it is a luxury that many people here can't afford. on average a kilowatt of electricity can cost as much as $1 an hour. that's five times more expensive than in kenya and ten times more expensive than in the u.s. consumers say that it is not good >> translation: if i want to change kilometers, they will charge me a disconnection fee which i can't afford to pay so i'm forced to stay with them. >> reporter: some businesses have taken matters into their own hands. this man bought a diesel generator for his ice-making business. >> translation: they give you electricals when they want and
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they stop it when they want. if i was to use this company, my electricity bill will increase by more than 80%. >> reporter: the industry is not regulated. >> more than 7 electricity companies operate. all of them are owned by private individuals, but officials tell us the companies operate without a licence and pay no taxes and customers say the electricity companies charge them whatever price they want. the government says it is a way of the consumers complaints and is looking too it >> the only thing we want to do is provide - to bring about legislation that will monitor these companies that provide electricity. we hope that the legislation once passed by parliament will affect the price of energy. >> reporter: the companies say they're doing their best to lower their prices. consumers hope it is sooner
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rather than later of course, as ever, you can get lots more on all our top stories via the website aljazeera.com. do checkout the website and you will get a good handle there on why the conflict in azerbaijan and armenia. in pakistan, it's cheaper to buy a hit of heroin than food. the country is infamous as a major transit point for heroin and cannabis from neighboring afghanistan to the rest of the world. but its also fighting it's own battle with addiction. i'm steve chao. on this edition of 101 east, we

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