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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  April 3, 2016 3:00pm-3:31pm EDT

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al jazeera america. armenia accuses azerbaijan of continuing to fight in the disputed region. ♪ ♪ hello, this is al jazeera live from london. also ahead, greece is poised to return hundreds of refugees and migrants to turkey, path of a deal aid groups say is deeply flawed. the al qaeda-linked al-nusra front says it killed 50 syrian soldiers and retaken two areas around aleppo. and unraveling the mysteries of the universe.
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melky way like it's never been seen before. ♪ ♪ armenia is accusing azerbaijan of continued fighting in the disputed region. that's despite announcing a unilateral ceasefire earlier to end the worst flare up of violence in the ring none more than two decades. al jazeera's robin reports. >> reporter: despite claims of a ceasefire biaser by john, armenian forces in the republic report that there have been more attacks biaser by john's military. both sides are accusing each other of firing the first shots on saturday they blame each other for violating a 1994 ceasefire that ended a six-year war. >> it was a clear violation of the ceasefire, the international
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law, international humanitarian law and the geneva conventions. >> reporter: some have called it the frozen conflict. it began with a decision, soviet leader joseph stalin made in 1922. stalin placed the mountain justice ethnically armenian an clayed inside the newly-created azerbaijan, soviet social i was republic. christian armenians and muslims lived in peace for nearly a century, then in the late 1980s, when the ussr was breaking up, o armenians held a national referendum for independent from azerbaijan. and self rule. but azerbaijan said the region did not have the legal right and sent in its military to retake the area. thousands of muslims from the area were forced to flee and after years of fighting and more than 30,000 deaths, the region, oarmenia and azerbaijan reacheda
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truce in 1994. >> translator: we are fighting on our own territory. if an armenian soldier doesn't want to die, then let them get off azerbaijan territory. >> reporter: in the the republic is not recognized by the u.n. analysts believe the renewed skirmishes too lead to a greater regional war. >> the big question mark people worry about is it probably wouldn't stay confined to those two countries. there is a good possibility of turkish intervention and even more serious a good possibility of russian intervention if the fighting becomes an all-out war. >> reporter: the o.s.c. minutes group cherry by ambassadors from the u.s., russia and, france has been trying to negotiate a peace deal for years now. the group will meet again on tuesday in vienna. >> al jazeera's robin is in the armenian capital. what can you tell us about the
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situation and if the fighting is still going on? >> reporter: what we do know is that despite the call for, as i described it a unilateral sees fire by the authorities. on the or mea armenian sidearmes and journalists on the ground have confirmed that the fighting very much continues. in fact, just over an hour ago we saw an update from the defense ministry of the so-called republic claim that go there has -- there was continue be to be heavy shelling. the journalists that were there were in a village very close to the frontlines. they actually themselves had to take cover from artillery fire. so a conflicting picture. if we are to believe the forces they have entered a ceasefire.
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but the armenians saying that's not the case. >> and what about efforts to try and bring this latest flare up under some sort of control, robin, is anyone making any kind of overture or leading any effort to try to bring the parties back to the table to try and sustain the 1994 ceasefire? >> reporter: well, we have had international condemnation and calls for restraint on all sides over the weekend. and as i referenced in the report, there is the minsk group which was formed after the ceasefire to bring the warring sides to the table. but the problem is -- and that, of course, is expected to reconvene next week. the problem is, that neither or mean i can't or azerbaijan has really shown much willingness for compromise. and also i should add, that those people, the officials, the
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government, is not party to those peace talks. and the armenians certainly see that as an important step forward in the resolution without their participation, azerbaijan doesn't recognize that republic, but without their participation it's very difficult to see at least on the armenian side how there could be a peaceful resolution and this military -- militarization has just continued at a pace over the past 20 years. >> all right, robin, for now, thank you very much. following the situation there around the region for us. he's there in the armenian capital. ♪ ♪ it's just hours till a highly criticized deal to send refugees back to turk friday greece comes in to force. greek state media says more than
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700 will be sent back monday morning. over a million refugees reached europe in 2015, but the crisis reached tipping point when countries began closing their borders. in october, hungary built a fence along its southern border forces thousands to travel through the neighboring balkan states. the rerouted influx prompted austria to limit the number of refugees it was letting in, triggering what was effectively a domino impact as serbia, slovenia, croatia and macedonia quickly resulted in to closing their borders. this resulted in bottlenecks on the route to germanyal them it led to this a makeshift tent town in greece. the e.u. deal with affect refugee that his landed from march 20th f their is al jazeera sigh jump application has been rejected they will be sent back to turkey.
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>> reporter: since march 20, migrant camps. it is in line with a deal between turkey and the e.u. to stop the illegal flow of migrants. a young syrian man inside sent this video to us because journalists are barred from entering. we managed to get this from him. but he had more questions than answers. the level of anxiety and i uncertainty. i defecteded from the syrian army and i can't be sent back he explained. the syrians qualify as refugees were just some of his questions? it is a concern expressed by the united nations which fears that asylum applications are not being properly processed and safeguards are not in place. >> we have seen gaps in both
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country that his need to be addressed. we are not opposed to returns as long as people are not in need of international protection. they have not applied for
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>> reporter: this is where the refugees coming and migrants
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they say they are worried about crime and the effect on the job market and tourism. the government says it has no plans to set up a permanent camp here that these people will be processed here and then sent on. we don't know exactly where that will be. the turkish interior minister has been talking earlier on sunday, he says this deal is already having to some extent its desired effect in reducing the numbers of people trying to get in to greece from the coastline here in western turkey. he says the numbers are down below 300 a day. and the coast guard has been picking up people and preventing them from crossing. certainly what we are hearing from smugglers along here is that it's becoming more
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difficult. the security has been increased. but there remain questions
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we meet syrian refugees making new lives for themselves in senegal. also we are in argentina to find out why kids are struggling to get a good education. ♪ ♪
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♪ welcome back. you are watching al jazeera, let's take you through the top stories. armenia is disputing reports of a ceasefire biaser by january forces. dozens of people, including civilians died on saturday in some of the worst fighting the region has seen in over 20 years. the al qaeda al-nusra group says it killed 50 syrian government troops near aleppo as it battles to take back the region from assad forces. turkey is looking to build a facility for refugees the day before a e.u. deal and the resettlement of asylum seekers is set to come in to force. now, as europe tightens it borders some syrian refugees are going even further away from home in search of a better life. we have a report from dakar. >> reporter: it is a lonely life. so far away from home, selling
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perfumes at a market sa stall in dakar. he lived on the outskirts of damascus, the fighting, the senseless violence and the smell of death was too much to bear. nearly three years ago, with no end in sight, he left it all for a better life here in senegal. >> translator: i am not a refugee. i have my job here. the moment i feel my country is fine, i will definitely go back. i hope all citizens can return to their country. >> reporter: and this great exodus in which 5 million syrians are fleeing their homes to whenever they can find sanctuary, he considers himself one of the lucky ones. he's made it out alive. and found a decent enough place to work and live. here he says he's free, not like those who chose to go europe.
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>> translator: europe to me is a big prison. you can't move freely. every move needs permission from government. they also have restrictions in europe. life is tough there. >> reporter: you might think west africa isn't an obvious destination but hundreds of people fleeing the war in syria have registered as refugees in neighboring mauritania which citizens can enter without a vehicles a many are hoping to cross the sahara and then the mediterranean to reach europe using the well known migrant trafficking routes. and then there are those that have made west africa at home. like he did finding work in senegal thanks to friends and family connections. people from the middle east have settled here for generations. there has long been a small syrian community in senegal along with the lebanese. like mohamed, born in senegal to
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syrian parents he sells curtain made in aleppo. >> translator: we are not going let the war stop us. our suppliers have moved to turkey and we try to continue our work as best as we can. trade is the lifeline of our people. >> reporter: news from syria is just a few swipes away. again, it's not good news. pictures of his home or what's now left of it. this feeling of loss is only broken by the arrival of a new customer. a chance to forget the war for just a moment and focus on life here in senegal. nicholas hawk, al jazeera, dakar. dozens of pakistani christians have held a vigil in scratch i for the victims of last week's bombing in lahore. they lay flowers, lit candles and prayed for the 72 people killed in an tack on a public park on easter sunday. representatives of different faithslso med to express
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solidarity and unity. well, the families of the victims of easter sunday's bombing there say a climate of fear looms over the city. despite governmentest to his beef up security. and some say they'll never go back to the popular public park where the blast hit. imran kahn has visited some of the victim's families. >> reporter: they gather at the graves of those they loved. this family lost three children. two sons and one daughter. they were among the 70 people called in lahore last week, most of whom were children. their mother tells us how the family was looking forward to a holiday weekend at the popular park. >> the weekend is a holiday for the children and the next day they had school. so their father says the house is small let's go to the park and they can be a little free. we got to the park and they played. i watched as they ran. then there was this loud noise and smoke. i couldn't hear anything. people were on fire. and others were lying dead. i found my children underneath the bodies of others.
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my husband lost a leg and is in hospital. i'll never go back to that park again, i am too scared. >> reporter: at home, through their grief they talk about the short lives of their children. five years old and seven years old and 12 years old. like many in the park last sunday they came from the poorest parts. it was a rare chance for hard-working families to relax and enjoy a picnic and an ice cream. an off shoot of the pakistani taliban claimed they did the attack. which was designed to target christians celebrating easter. for this family and others like them, the reasons for the attack simply don't matter. they say no justification is enough for them. most of the people who died in this attack have been buried in ancestral villages like this that dot the region. but for these people the reasons why this attack took place do not matter. only that their lives changed in an instant and their children died violently.
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lahore is still coming to terms with what happened. the government is increasing security in the city, but there is still a sense of fear and nervousness. immaterial roimmaterialimran ka. brussels airport is partially reopened after the attack. the first plane departed earlier. airport staff observe aid minute of silence ahead of the plane's did he pa are time passengers arriving now face new security procedures and a temporary terminal. the major hall was damaged. a metro station was attacked on that same day. 32 people were killed. police in the maldives have arrested 19 journalists during a demonstration over press freedom bench 50 protesters rallied near the president's office. the journalists and activists were protesting against the government's move to criminalize defamation. now, education standards in south america are among the
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lowest in the world, argentina, which once prided itself on its education system has seen a steady did he complain in standards over the past 20 years. in the latest studies they paint a bleak picture for the country's youth as teresa bow reports. >> reporter: four ours away by boat from the nearest town. in an area filled with small rivers and islands. these children are trying to make it to school. it's in places like this where people say it's clear argentina's education system is in crisis. >> translator: we have problems with the ceilings of the school. electricity, drinking water. now there is a problem with dang a. we do what we can but education say challenge of it's not just the infra structure. the delta area so isolated that people have to sleep here all week so children is "consider this" have classes every day. but many have told us, that some
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times going on strike is the only option they have. >> keepers go on strike to demand better conditions and salaries. the building is in terrible condition. no gas, no electricity. >> reporter: 40 minutes away, another school. the head mistress says the problem is there is no drinking water. water is brought in cans but now there is a shortage because of unpaid bills during the previous administration. >> translator: getting drinking water is a challenge. we don't have our water sanitation system so it's dill. that's what we need, we are trying to give children a good education but teachers should have better salaries. >> reporter: there is more than 10 schools in the area. and what happens here is a reflection of what has been going on across the country for a while. the school year started early in
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march but many institutions around the area remain closed because workers have gone on strike. it is estimated that last year children missed around two months of school because of strikes and problems with infrastructure. and latest international tests have shown that the situation has affected education here. argentina, colombia and brazil are amongst the lowest ranking countries in the world. >> translator: education b shoud be a state issue. public education is important it's the only one that can bring equality, because rich and poor children are getting the same. this is not happening in argentina. >> reporter: and that's why immediate change is needed. so that these children can get the education they deserve. teresa bo, al jazeera. in are indigenous australians are calling for a slice of a multi million dollars fishing industry they say they have been excluded from. they are saying they have been made criminals for trying to fish under a strict regime that
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ignores their cultural practices. andrew thomas reports from the south wales coast. >> reporter: off the coast of, south of sydney, are lobsters, oysters and ab loan i. commercially they sell for hundreds of dollars a kilo, but keith and wayne say they weren't fishing commercially. they are collecting seafood for their families. just as their aboriginal ancestors did. strict fishing limits they say shouldn't apply to them. but he is a repeat offender and that attitude has meant jail. he was caught with 75 ab loan i rather than the 10 a day he is allowed under the law. he was sent to prison for more than a year. >> i looked at the judge said to myself you are kidding, ain't you? and the judge virtually didn't even look at me. >> reporter: authorities say limits are necessary to protect stocks and insure fishing is sustainable for commercial
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fishermen who pay big fees for licenses. what is in dispute is whether strict limits should apply to aboriginal people whose ancestors have gathered fish here for thousands of years. wayne feels the strict limits have compromised his identity. >> it's our culture to be able to go and practice what we were taught as a very young age. >> reporter: he was caught with too many ab loan i three years ago. he was initially problem count counted. but when his lawyer brought hits native title cultural rights the charges were dropped. >> they have a right to take those fish it's a legally protected right. and so on the legal front they are just doing what they are entitled to do. >> reporter: andrew does have a commercial license. he pays nearly $15,000 a year to fish and sell prawns. but as an aboriginal man he resents that. >> we should not be paying for something that belongs to us.
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we shouldn't. i know, if that's our right, why should we pay money for it? >> reporter: with the legal case, indigenous all bees have now in effect won the right to small-scale cultural fishing. but they think they should be allowed to sell fish too. keith admits he has sometimes sold abalone on the black market protesters say that trade should be legal. >> at the end of the day went to be part of that commercial industry instead of being made out to be criminals, i suppose. >> reporter: indigenous communities around here suffer from chronic levels of unemployment. fishing for profit they say would help tackle that and protect their culture. andrew thomas, al jazeera, australia. nasa and the european space agency has released a new series of high definition h images of e center of our milky way galaxy. a tron hers used the infrared capabilities of the hubble space telescope to peer through the dust when normally object secures this part of space, the
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imageses reveal more than half a million stars? the defense i was and biggest cluster. let's hope it helps scientist understand how the milky way is evolving. there is more on everything we are covering right here. the address, you can see it, patients can't get it fast enough to save their lives. much of the recent outrage orover rising rice rising pricer prescription drugs is martin screlling.


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