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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 6, 2016 9:00am-10:01am EDT

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morning at 7:00 a.m. eastern time. until then, go out and have a great day. hello, i'm nick clark. this is the news hour. coming up in the next 60 minutes, risking everything to make it to europe, we meet the refugees who say they have nowhere else to go, even as the e.u. calls on countries to equally share the burden. victory for republican ted cruz and democratic presidential hopeful bernie sanders who beat the front runners in the presidential primaries.
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we're live from washington on what prompted this decision. changes for the millions of people who use what's app, we'll tell you about new measures to better protect your messages. we begin with the refugee crisis in europe. the european union's deal with turkey to return ref jeers and migrants across the mediterranean is continuing. for now, the next group of refugees will be returned friday. the commissioner said the process is off to a good start and will be scaled up. the commission launched an initiative to change the e.u.'s asylum rooms to better share the cost of dealing with the crisis. turkey says the new deal is working and has decreased the number of illegal crossings. it's agreed to take another 200 refugees from greece. let's go to harry fossett.
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what's the latest? >> the turkish prime minister is in finland this wednesday, and he's been praising the effects so far of this deal which came into force marsh 20 and his implementation we saw on monday with the first returns, saying that it had really decreased the numbers trying to get from this turk inbound coastline into greek territory. that is certainly the case from all observers, all parties saying that number has gone down from the thousands to the low hundreds, less than 500 in recent days and even today, the unhcr saying only 26 people had made it into the greek islands. 155 people were picked up by the turkish coast guard here, trying to make it across the aegean sea, and it does show that there is still a substantial group of people will to risk it all, pay whatever it costs to get across and there is a group of people
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still happy to try to convince them to do so and facilitate that dangerous crossing. >> you hear it before you see it. anxiety, exhaustion, desperation, so many children have drowned making this journey, yet more still come. even if this is one of the rare life jackets that actually floats, it's of no use to the tiny body inside. others make do with rubber tubes. even then, not everybody's wearing them. these are iraqi families who probably paid hundreds of dollars ahead for passage to the greek island of lesbos, but the boat is sue small even for the 40 or so packed into it. these are how families separated in a moment. he can only call out look after the woman. >> it's been a chaotic few
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minutes here. the message from the e.u., from turkey, from greece is that these voyages are futile, these people will be sent back but still, they are desperate to go. >> a handful are left on the shore. we ask why they are risking this when under the rules they have little chance of getting further than a greek holding center before being sent back. >> we were under oppression, living with bombs, killing and kidnapping. greece don't want to accept us, turkey doesn't want us to stay. is it better to sink into the water with our children? >> this time, no sinking, no death, but no safe passage. a coast guard patrol intercepted them. it's a trade if as i will today by men. he's been struggling people to greece for nearly a year. he said with business down sharply since the e.u.-turkey
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deal, agents are trying to convince reluctant customers that they still have a chance of making it into europe. >> we tell them that i can still get residency in greece. they don't understand. they think they will be sent back. >> of course such chance are slim. europe is trying to close the door. wednesday was supposed to see the first official batch of syrians sent back from greece under it is terms of the controversial deal, which sees syrians in turkish camps sent legally to europe, a one for one trade. instead, the only arrivals were those that have been on the water a matter of hours. >> we were going to greece to escape the war. do you think it was a holiday? we cannot leave here. everyone treats us badly. they exploit us. >> what happens now is far from clear. the children play a warped version of a morning on the beach, a life jacket whistle
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becomes a toy instead of a call for help. so what we saw monday was really a very stage managed return of the first 200 or so people. the question now is whether the sort of thing we are seeing in that report, people desperate to get to greece who don't want to stay in turkey combined with the people on the greek islands who have applied for asylum in much larger numbers, because they're worried about coming back, how this whole process will go in returning those people and then in managing them here and potentially deporting them to our countries. it's important as far as the e.u. is concerned that this seems to work. so far we have the delay on wednesday as the greek authorities try to get up enough numbers of those who are colonel able to be returned here to turkey. i think the other interesting thing is what we heard from some smuggler saying that they were trying to market this trip as still worthwhile to those that
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they could, because the squeeze on their business that taken root, so they are trying to convince people and drop their prices. as well as that, he was saying if he was on a spectrum of this trade, which is a pretty cynical afraid, you look at it, he would be on the more benign side he would say and look after people and try to ensure their safety. many other people were trying to lure people down to those coves, cram them on to those boats with very little safety and they're doing that even more aggressively now that trade that come under pressure, because of these fall numbers as a result of this deal. >> still very trouble. harry, thanks very much for that update. >> the republican democratic presidential hopefuls are now turning their attention to new york where the next primaries will be held in a few weeks. both the front runners suffered defeat in suicide's primary in wisconsin, democratic presidential candidate bernie sanders picked up another win or hillary clinton, winning now
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seven out of the past eight primaries. on the republican side, ted cruz won against the controversy businessman donald trump. cruz called it a turning point in the race. candidates will now prepare for the next primary in new york. let's join our correspondent who joins us from milwaukee in wisconsin. both winning candidates very much talking up their positions, but how realistic are they being? >> well, it certainly is a crushing defeat for donald trump, as well as hillary clinton, the democratic and republican front runners. what these losses in wisconsin suggest is that their pass to the nomination just got a lot longer and more difficult. >> it was a decisive victory for ted cruz in wisconsin. it was a win cruz promised would change the course of the republican race for the white house. >> tonight was a bad night for
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hillary clinton. it was a bad night for the republican primary and it was an even worse night for her in the republican primary. [ cheers and applause ] >> we are winning because we're uniting the republican party. >> the cruz campaign claims the latest victory will propel him to win future state contests and cause trump to fall short of the 1,237 candidates needed to win the nomination before the july republican convention. it's a convention where cruz hopes to become the party nominee to take on democratic front runner hillary clinton, but the path to her party's presidential nomination has also become more complicate for clinton. bernie sanders was the winner of the democratic contest in the midwestern state. >> with our victory tonight in
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wisconsin, we have now won seven out of eight of the last caucuses and primaries. and we have won almost all of them with overwhelming land slide numbers. [ cheers and applause ] >> sanders says his grassroots support will propel him to win bigger upcoming contests and allow him to increase his delegate count, but the math favor clinton. she still has the lead in delegate support. the next contest in pennsylvania and the especially new york will be a challenge for sanders, given clinton once represented the state as a senator in the u.s. congress. >> secondly, how are we fixed now? is it a fact that better off, the contest as we run now into the final stages?
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>> well, what this suggests is that donald trump may not be able to win the delegate count outright in advance of this convention for the republicans that will be held in july, in cleveland and that is what ted cruz is counting on. he knows that he needs to gather more delegates. he may not be able to do that by the convention date, so he's hoping to force a contested convention. what that essentially means is that this process would start all over again and that he's hoping he can sway those who pledged support to goto to switch to ted cruz. not surprisingly trump said ted cruz is just acting on behalf of the party bosses like a puppet and criticized him for that. the loss for donald trump is one has he to own, given the fact that he had some pretty bad press. much of it is self inflicted. on the democratic side, bernie
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sanders, it will be difficult for him. hillary clinton has been picking up delegates in wisconsin, so the math is still in her favor. what really counts is the support of those all important super delegates and trying to get them to sway allegiance is going to be much more challenging. as well, bernie sanders has to win big in upcoming contests and that is going to be difficult for him, as well. >> plenty more still ahead on the news hour, including we speak to an indian businessman who has no idea why he was named in the panama papers league. >> a new warning that some of the world's natural heritage could be lost forever. >> in sport, manny pacquiao gets ready for what is likely to be the final fight of his career.
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one of the two rival governments in libya is standing aside to "prevent anymore bloodshed." the announcement comes after the u.n. national backed unity government arrived in tripoli. since 2014, libya has had two tom peteing administrations, the one in tripoli backed by powerful militias and other in tobruk. we explain. >> the u.n. special envoy to libya is all smiles. he's managed to reach the capital of typically to meet the unity government he helped form. he knows further progress won't be easy or quick. >> we all have to push together. >> martin was greeted with the
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new government that will step aside. the government based in group has consistently refused the g.n.a. veteran politician has been tasked to head the g.n.a. and the challenge to unite a fractured libya. he arrived in typically last week by sea because threats were made if he arrived by air. this his the first chance for libya to be optimistic after fighting that caused a power vacuum being exploited by armed fighters, including groups linked to isil. >> our main demand is to be like other countries, have government, security and an army. we don't want militias. we want a government of unity. we want an army, police, and stability. we want to state that can protect its borders.
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>> these simple demands are a major challenge for libya, which remains split between militias and other armed groups. >> a libya political analyst says the task of uniting the people with him not be easy. >> suddenly it's a time of massive instability and changes are coming so rapid that it's very difficult for libyans to unite. you may find counter demonstrations. i don't necessarily think that people given that the stories that are told over the past year and a half of the civil war, it doesn't seem like it is exactly right for this kind of unity government. it's a time of massive instability and concern for many libyans. in the last 24 hours, there has
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been a compromise in that the national solidarity government has stepped down. the g.n.c. has said we'll come on for the new government of national accord. that is marred by the former president of the g.n.c. who has come out in the last 24 hours and said i will take this government then, in the same way that the government of the to before you can government has come out and said he will easy legal power to try to bring this government down. both of those individuals have been against each other and in civil war. both are against the national unity and on the u.n. sanctions list as of this week. >> there are questions whether the ceasefire is holding. there has been four days of conflict. the ceasefire held overnight, but the defense ministry reports 115 armenian violations in the
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past 24 hours. turkey's president says armenia needs to put down its weapons. >> i hope armenia will respond to azerbaijan's efforts to stop armed clashes. if it doesn't respond, this crime is armenia's fault. russia says turkey is taking sides. if you're looking for those taking sides, the most significant country doing that is russia. it loves to take sides. it took sides in ukraine, georgia and now syria. pfizer has scrapped a $160 billion merger with rival elegant. the u.s. government is cracking down on companies using over seas acquisitions to move tax debt offshore. it will limit participating in
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these deals. we are joined from our in the morning correspondent. tell us more abouten turnaround and why the deal fell apart. >> well, it fell apart primarily because it was just yesterday that the u.s. treasury department, new rules went into effect trying to close essentially what is this global corporate tax loophole that companies such as pfizer were trying to take advantage of. this is a major win for barack obama who had been pushing to have these new rules put into place and now clearly less than 24 hours after they went into place, one of the biggest in version deals in history seems it is not going forward. this is why pfizer wanted to do the merger, because in the united states, pfizer, where they're based here in new york city, they pay 30% or 35% of corporate tax rate. that's billions in taxes every year. if they were to have merged
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withaller began, they could have moved their headquarters essentially and said they were a company based out of ireland and ireland they would have only paid 12% corporate tax rate. companies have been doing this for years, but this clearly would have been the biggest so-called in version deal to ever go through. now it appears that it's not going to happen primarily because of these new treasury department rules. >> you can see the self serving argument that pfizer must have had about this. what about their public argument? why did they go through this notion? >> well, pfizer said when this deal was announced last november, this merger, they said that they would make them more competitive. a lot of their competitors in the pharmaceutical industry, such as astrozenica were based in other countries. the u.s. saw it as pfizer being in the united states, being able
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to take advantage of everything here in the united states, the good economic environment here as well as taking advantage of lucrative u.s. government contracts, as well, but essentially, make their mailing address in ireland, where they pay very, very little attaches. it would have been good for the corporate bottom line of pfizer but certainly would not have been good for overall business environment. it would have essentially meant pfizer was trying to in some ways get around the system without paying taxes, so this sends a big statement not only to pfizer, but other cross, as well, that this is no longer going to be accepted. >> thank you very much indeed. the so-called panama papers have claimed their first high profile casualty with the resignation of iceland's prime minister. he stepped down following outrage his family used a shell company to shelter moneys offshore. the law firm showed he owned the
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offshore company with his wife but had not declared it when he entered parliament. >> from politicians to bollywood stars, hundreds of india's rich and powerful have been named in the panama papers leak. the government is launching an investigation. one industrialist told al jazeera he has no idea he was implicated. we have more. >> behind these gates in the heart of calcutta is the residence of one of the 500 indians named in the panama papers. industrialist and politician is listed as a web official owner of a she will company set up last year. >> i don't even know this company. let me elaborate and tell you when i replied, giving the newspaper all the details of my corporate holding and my personal holding, including dates when moneys were limited,
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how they were limited, everything, because both of above the law as far as india is concerned. >> according to investigations, residents and passport details were found as proof of identity linking him. he shows us an email from the first named group, the corporate service provider which he admits he has accounts with. >> they come back to me saying you are not in any way, shape or form. >> part of the newspaper team that led the investigation, he has been corresponding before the reports were released. >> as reporters, we have access to certain data and after due diligence, after talking to the persons we found, we are putting out those reports. now what is legal, what is illegal and what is in between is for the agencies to decide. >> the panama papers revoked
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much reaction from the public. in a country where 20% live below the official poverty line, since the reports were reds, the issue has been on the front pages of almost every paper daily. >> there is a big gap in our country. these people are taking advantage, giving their money to other countries, it hurts us. >> that is a worry forar spokesman of india's party, a state which is now in the pros of elections. >> they came to power on promises to crack down on tax evaders and punish those trying to hide legal wealth abroad. the panama papers come at a time they are trying to win over voters in five states where they never had a foot hold before. this might make it even more
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difficult. straight on to weather. >> north africa, there's a lot of heavy rain. the satellite picture, you can see the area of cloud responsible. it's given a lot of wet weather over algeria and tunisia, as well. algeria, 27 millimeters of rain, that is a lot for algeria, the ground is baked quite hard from the sun. any rain rubs off and causes problems with large standing areas of water. lots of rain, sticking around through thursday, as well. more rain for algeria, but the clouds are over tunisia at this time. we are going to see the wettest of the weather thursday, including tunis. ahead of it, all looks fine, doesn't it, but the winds are speeding up from the southwest and bringing dust and haze with them, and also bringing an increase in the temperatures, as well. cairo, we'll see the temperatures shoot up as we head
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into friday. this time our maximum will be up at 39 degrees. that's a long way above what we should be at this time of year. we should be at 28, not 39. warm weather is feeding up into the southwest corner of europe. at the moment, it's all very pleasant. this is what it looked like in prague yesterday. we had more unsettled weather pushing across, but for the southeast, it's staying hot. >> we'll see you later, thank you. >> the instant messaging service what's app is in crypting data sense between 1 billion users. the app says it will be virtually impossible for hackers to read government or independent voice calls. authorities in the united states and brazil pressured technology companies to release data. the case has been dropped against apple over its phone encryption. >> a cyber security analyst said many people will welcome the news. >> that means anybody who send
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as text message or makes a phone call through the app can rest assured that their communications are only going to be heard, seen or read by the person they are communicating with, or the group they are communicating with. it means the government won't have access, not the u.s. government, chinese government, any government. it means the criminals won't have access. it provides a greater level of protection and of course i'm sure as a lot of people are thinking, makes it harder for law enforcement to eavesdrop on those communications, and of course is a challenge for law enforcement. i'm not sure why today as the announcement came, it could be that they timed it because of apple story, but my guess is it's been planned and it's happening in the wake of snowden revelations. i think that snowden's revelations stimulated a lot of people to think more carefully about security and privacy, knowing that the government had eavesdropped on communications around the world be the u.s. government in this case.
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in terms of impact, i think governments are going to be concerned. you mentioned brazil and many others, for a variety of reasons. some just want to know what activists are saying, others because they want to do something about criminals plotting terrorist activities, or robbing banks or whatever criminals do, so there's a lot of sort of controversy about this issue. let's face it, a lot of people wanton corruption for legitimate reasons, business deals, personal information. they may have health data, other private information at their location. it's also protecting themselves and they are children intersection the. law enforcement brings up. >> plenty more still to come, including rights groups report, an alarming rises in the number of executions last year and most were carried out in three countries. plus. >> i'm tanya page reporting from south africa on rising food prices means many of families
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are struggling to put food on the table. >> we have sports coming up. we'll hear from golf's number one who now has his sights set on his first masters title.
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the european union is looking at changing asylum seeker rules to better share the burden of accommodating refugees across member states. the migration commissioner said a deal to return refugees from
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greece will be scaled up. >> ted cruz has fee feet donald trump in the wisconsin primary. democratic bernie sanders managed to add to his recent victories over hillary clinton, but that is a much tighter contest. j drug maker pfizer scrapped a merger with allergan. the u.s. government is cracking down on companies using overseas acquisitions to move assets offshore to reduce their tax bill. thousand was people in peru marched against the daughter of former leader, she is running for president but protestors don't want her on the ballot. >> they shouted never again, remembering thousands of innocent people killed or disappeared by security forces during alberto's government in the 1990's. >> the people are safe here with so many killings her father is
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responsible for. so much injustice. they remembered the level of corruption. his right hand man is accuse of bribing politicians, businessman, journalists. >> we will never forget. no one came out clean. judges, prosecutors, everyone had a price tag. >> demonstrators protested against her candidacy for the presidency and chose april 5, 24 years ago, a coup d'etat occurred. >> again the country is divided as it did with her father. she's crying to distance herself from her father's let's, but she
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carries of weight of her family name. >> supporters say critics are unfair to her. >> she can't be guilty for her father's mistakes. she's young and has many projects to fulfill. >> she signed an honor agreement to among other things, respect human rights. she promised she won't use power in favor of her family, meaning she won't free her father from jail. she has led a presidential campaign with more than 30% of the vote but hasn't been able to gain more support. >> although kiko distanced herself, some voters say there is no way i will vote for her. >> her strategy is to disassociate her from her father's legacy at 50% of voters
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say they will never put her family back in power. turkey is threatening to strip citizenship from people supporting so-called terrorism. police are looking into a possible breach that compromised identity data for 50 million turks or two thursday of the population. turkey's president vowed to find those responsible for the attack. the philippines is experiencing one of the its worst droughts brought on by el niƱo. the island often the heart of the agricultural heart left hand is suffering. they say they are suffering from a lack of government action. the drought in south africa is causing food prices to rise dramatically. people are also dealing with higher in rest rates and energy costs. many families are finding it
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hard to make ends meet. >> in her small shop, she makes a hollowed out loaf of bread filled with toppings. the drought is now hitting people in the cities. in the last year, the average price of a bag of maize has risen by a quarter. potatoes cost 25 cents more and the sunflower has raised by a third. >> if i increase prices, my customers will walk away. they say food is expensive. they cannot afford it because people have no jobs. >> farmers have warned parliament that continuing food prices could trigger food rye i don't say. the country will have to import more food but its weak currency
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will make that more difficult, too. >> we expect to see further increases in the next three months. what is more painful is that increases you are seeing now are likely to be sustained until mid 2001. >> up to 50 million people may eventually be affected across the region. at this orphanage, it's all right difficult to feed the kids. they're giving thanks for what little they have. >> 20 children live here at the center, but another 30 come to lunch from the wider community, because their families can't afford to feed them. they're among the most vulnerable citizens. >> a rat has gotten into the orphanage's food store. most of the supplies of safe. as prices have risen, dough nations have decreased. >> it will be terrible, really, terrible, because this is what the kids must eat, the kids must
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go to school, the kids must be fed, because some of them are undernourished. >> she thinks as more families struggle, more kids will come to her for help. in one of the world's most unequal society, it's those at the bottom who will suffer most. 20 million people in bangladesh are forced to drink tainted water. human rights reports say it's contaminated with arsonic. the government promised to clean up the water supply, but efforts are hampered. >> for the longest time, she couldn't figure out what was wrong with her. she couldn't go near the kitchen stove unable to handle the heat. it got to the point where she couldn't be outside in the mid-day sun. it was years before doctors finally pinpointed her problem,
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the water she was drinking. >> my parents and my husband took me to many doctors, they all said i had a skin condition only. it wasn't until someone from an arsonic outreach program figured out what was wrong with me. >> according to a human rights watch report published wednesday, thousands of people suffer from arsonic related problems that are not detected. doctors rely heavily on noticing skin leagues, which sometimes alert them to arsonic related diseases. the problem is, most people suffering from such i am insists don't develop these leagues. the condition is not diagnosed, and they don't get treatment. >> it's a forgotten tragedy. about 20 years ago, arsonic in the water was a big news story both home and abroad. government agencies and international donors promised to stamp out the problem. >> at the old days, people would
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drink frock the like and there was nors nick problem. then we started to fill tube wells to combat disease and that's when the ground water became an issue. >> the solution was to build deep tube wells which reached deep ground water past arsonic contaminated zones, yet people continue to die every year from water borne illnesses. the deep tube wells end up in safer zones that are often closer to the homes of people with connections to politicians. >> i think the claims of corruption are overstated. our officials are working around the clock to identify victims in areas that need wells. >> human rights watch has called for donors to investigate where wells end up being installed. it might be too late for her, but she hopes it's time to save
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her child from suffering the same fate. al jazeera, bangladesh. >> we can speak to richard from dhaka, a senior researcher of human rights watch and author of the report. how does arsonic get into the wore supply? >> arsonic is naturally occurring in bangladesh. it's a chemical reaction that happens under the ground and it affects huge swaths of central and eastern bangladesh. as the introductory remarks made, 20 million people are effected by arsonic and they're getting arsonic through rural tube wells, so essentially wells that are drilled deep sue the ground. the important technical point to understand is if you go to in most parts of bangladesh, if you go down 30 or 50 meters, a shallow tube well, that's where
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most of the arsonic is. in most parts of the country, if you go down 150 meters, so a deep tube well, most of the time, the arsonic that you draw and you have that well is safe. it's arsonic-free. so arsonic tends not to affect the deep aquifer, mostly the shallow aquifer. that's why what's happening to the government's program to install the deep tube wells, which can provide potentially life saving water for hundreds of people, a single well, is so important. >> ok, so where is it going wrong? the government is in the prepared to spend the money to drill deep or what? >> no. the question is essentially, the question that we tried to answer in the report. where it's going wrong is essentially no longer a technical set of issues. bangladesh has a lot of experience in solving the
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problem of how you get safe water to rural bangladesh. 10-15 years ago, there was a government response, funded by international donors, supported by many n.g.o.'s that did a very good job of getting deep tube wells out into the countryside. our report is that 10 years later, we still see approximately the same number of people, 20 million, who are still drinking water above the national standard. we looked at what did he say happening with the government projects to install deep tube wells. we found three things. firstly, we found that politicians are diverting a large number of tube wells to their political allies and supporters. put simply, they are not going to the people who need it most. this is not a small problem opinion this is a widespread and pervasive problem of political influence. it's also a problem that is in national policy in terms of how
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bangladesh gives rural water to its areas most affected. >> richard, we're going to have to draw a close there. we're running out of time. we do appreciate you coming on the program and bring to go light the problems that are on going in bangladesh's water supply, thank you very much. human rights group amnesty international said the number of executions carried out globally more than doubled last year. they found at least 1,634 people were executed last year, up from 1,061 in 2014. iran executes more people per capita than anywhere else and along with pakistan and saws rain, carried out 90% of the executions. china is not included in the list, because the country keeps its numbers a state secret. human rights groups indicate thousands of people are executed there every year, as well.
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congo, fiji stopped execuons in the last year. let's go to new york speaking to director and founder of death penalty worldwide and clinical professor at cornell law school. sandra, you've got two sides to the story here, some good news and some bad news. >> what did he say striking to me, nick is how few countries actually carry out executions. what amnesty's report i will strays is that there's an increasing tendency or trend around the world toward abolition of the death penalty. if you take china and pakistan and iran, who are the three leading executioners in the world, together, they probably account for over 9090% of the world executions. there were no executions in all but four countries in africa. there was only one country in the americas that carried out
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executions and that's the united states. even there, it was the lowest number of executions in 25 years, so what we're seeing is that the death penalty is increasingly restricted to a tiny number of the world nations. >> you are saying that the trend globally is towards abolition apart from in those very few countries where it seems to have increased laterally. >> absolutely. it's an unmistakable trend. we saw four countries abolish the death penalty this year. when you look back over time, it's an accelerating trend. sixty years ago, after world war ii, only eight countries abolished the death penalty. when you look at the number of countries that actually carry out execution, that's really what is where we should be
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looking, because a lot of countries retain the death penalty in the law books, but they actually don't use it, which to me illustrates the maxim that you often here, support for the death penalty is a mile wide but inch deep and there's a lot of ambivalence in countries around the world, not just in europe where the death penalty has been abolished in all but belarus and south america, which is an abolitionist continent. in cuba they maintain the death penalty. some have the death penalty but don't use it. diabetes affects one in 12 of the world's adult population.
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1.5 million people are killed by it each year. the number of people affected by the disease is set to rise. we have this. >> ice a long way to see a doctor at this diabetes center on the outskirts of the pakistani capital, islamabad. it's the only one of its type in the country. it's seen a number of people with the illness rise every year, many with no knowledge about the condition. >> we are so busy at home with the children, we don't have time for ourselves. we don't take care of ourselves. the doctor told me not to eat too much bread or sugar or rice. i'll do what he said and hopefully i'll recover. >> globally, 1,414,000,000 people have diabetes. it results in 1.5 million deaths each year. its rise is connected to the increasing rates of obesity and more people being overweight. the trend is most apparent in
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low and middle income countries. >> the numbers of raising at an alarming rate. at the moment, we are ranked one in every 10 persons is diabetic. it might work to every one in four. you can see one person in each family is affected by diabetes. >> wealthy countries such as qatar are seeing a steep rise in diabetes. education programs like this one aimed at young people are stressing the importance of a healthy diet and exercise. >> these startling figures in this report underlie the fact that diabetes is trowel global health issue and require dramatic changes to the ways we live if current trends are to be halted. >> there's no one answer that can be given to all countries and say this is the recipe, it's going to work. it's not, it needs loads of community discussions, involvement of community leaders together with health care
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professionals and policy makers in order to come up with a solution. >> many countries are struggling to pay for the increasing costs of insulin. they come at a price. in some case, the drug costs have doubled in the last 10 years. >> back in the clinic, it's bad news for this elderly man. he was diagnosed with diabetes three years ago, poor blood circulation as a result of the disease means he now risks losing his foot. the w.h. ooh says individuals and governments need to do more and without drastic action, diabetes will continue what it describes as its unrelenting march. al jazeera, doha. >> still to come here on the news hour, all the sport. find if the miami heat can warm up for the nba playoffs.
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>> hello, again, welcome back. almost half of all natural word heritage sites are directly threatened by industrial activities. the worldwide fund to nature issued this warning in a new report. gerald tan has the details. >> the great barrier reef in australia in tanzania, falls bordering brazil and argentina, these are some of the most beautiful places that the united nations has designated at natural world heritage sites. altogether, there are 197 of them around the world, and about
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90% provide jobs and contribute to economies through tourism, recreation and natural resources. it's estimated 11 million people depend on these sites either for food or work, but a new report by the worldwide fund for nature says that harmful industrial activities including mining and oil production are posing a threat to almost half of these places. >> these are very special sites. these are very special places. not many places make it to the top list and if these sites are threatened, con we measure has what that is to other natural places around the world, so this is indicative of a much growing pressure of places not just for nature but also for our own development and well being. >> the belize reserve system is particularly at high risk. offshore oil drilling, mangrove
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clearance and coastal construction have damaged about 40% of it. more than half the population of belize, 190,000 people rely on the reefs for fisheries and tourism. the w.w.f. warns government that is it's not just about protecting the environment, but also the people these eco systems support. let's go straight on to sport. >> reminding his players they are not untouchable ahead of their champions league final, fresh off their classico win, real madrid are now in germany. it's the first time they've ever made it to this stage of the competition. the same can be said of manchester city. a long time ago, crowned french champions, they are looking for just the second time to reach the semis.
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>> we play against a very strong team in barcelona. now we improve the system. we know it's a very difficult game that we must play tomorrow but i think we have chances to continue and that will be very important for all of us. >> barcelona still have plenty of work to do. tuesday saw them winning 2-1 at the new camp. suarez saw them recovering from being a goal down and reconvene next wednesday. >> we needed to turn around the result, because they share a good approach in the first half, but he also knew that in order to take advantage of the rest of the scoring opportunities, we needed to jump on to the pitch with a good attitude and we needed to play good football. >> an early goal saw them vying
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for an appearance. >> favoritism is connected with history, the past, names, in football, it doesn't matter anymore. you need to score and create more opportunities. >> one of scotland's most famous cups will be in the league next season. the champions folded in 2012. the class co club had to reform in the country's lowest professional rate. >> golf's new world number one jason day has his site set on the first master's title. having won six of his last 13 tournaments, they won the final. the p.g.a. championship, augusta was in 2011 tying for second. the defending champion is jordan
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speith, equaling tiger woods record of 18 under par last year. >> i feel good about my game. i feel confident with where i'm at, walking around the grounds, at number one in the world, it's a good feeling. i know that i can't take it for granted, because obviously in this game, things can change pretty quickly. >> it's great being back here. i've had a fantastic couple days thus far preparing, and the game feels great. going to try and just use last year as momentum. we know we're capable of playing this, we've proven it to ourselves the last two years, so the focus is on this week. >> in the number, the golden state warriors have suffered their second loss in a week. the defeat against the minnesota timberwolves mean they have to win their final four games if they record the most successful
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season in nba history. the miami heat are assured of a playoff spot. dwyane wade returning from injury. miami all but assured of a top six seed in the eastern conference. >> manny pacquiao arrived in las vegas ahead of what he says will be his final fight of saturday. he'll take on timothy bradley for the third time pacquiao has lost three of his last six contests, including the so-called fight of the century against floyd mayweather. pacquiao is the only man to defeat bradley during a career where the american has beaten 12 world champions. >> this is going to be more opportunity for me to fight, because i believe there is a new coach and more action in the
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ring. >> this is the happiest i've been. i did the right amount of work this time. i didn't recovery train, i'm ready to go. how much professional female athletes earn is has been a recent debate. they are set to receive a pay rises. they were beaten at the final of the word 2020. the money offered to them will be almost doubled. the best players will be earning in excess of $100,000 a year. plenty more build up, that is it for now. >> thanks very much in deed and that is it for this news hour. i'll be back with another full bulletin of news in a few minutes. don't forget our website, see you in a bit.
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bye for now. >> ali velshi, getting to the heart of the matter. >> what if there were no cameras here, would be the best solution? >> this goes to the heart of the argument. >> people out here are struggling and just trying to get by with whatever they can. >> new york city has a higher level of inequality of wealth than honduras and india. >> people need to demand reform. >> it's coming together little by little. >> we're making it the best that we can. >> we're not deterred. we're building a historic project here. >> how big do you see this getting? >> we're trying to get a feel for what the people of iran are thinking right now. >> the galleries and the art and the parties, everything. it's getting better. >> greece is this close to running out of cash. i went there to show you first-hand. >> if you paid taxes, you expect to having something back. >> the city is a powder keg at the moment. >> we're back square minus one. >> now it's time for something
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different. >> this is the entrance to the global seed vault. nations around the world contribute stashes of every kind of seed imaginable if something really bad were to happen, humankind can start all over again. >> all year long we are continuing with our conversation on america's middle-class. >> i'm on a mission that i have to keep. keep this business going. >> the middle-class is a reflection of a city's economic health. it fuels the local economy like it's been doing here at philadelphia's italian market for the last 100 years. >> these are middle-class people who decided it's much better to come back here and they're working to fight to make changes. >> proud to tell your stories.
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risking everything to make it to europe, we meet the refugees who say they have nowhere else to go, even as the e.u. calls on all countries to equally share the burden. victory of ted cruz and bernie sanders who beat the party front runners in the wisconsin primary. toxic water, we're in bangladesh where millions of people don't have safe drinking water.