for the last 100 years. >> these are middle-class people who decided it's much better to come back here and they're working to fight to make changes. >> proud to tell your stories. protests erupt at greek detention centers just two days in to an e.u. deal. illegal refugees sent back to turkey. ♪ ♪ hello and welcome to al jazeera live from our headquarters in doha. coming up in the next half hour look set to getting just not good enough. a new government. brazil is closer to impeaching its president as a congressional
leader says she should be removed. the candidate who is vowing to take on a major super power. ♪ ♪ the greek island of lesbos with an agreement. came under attack on monday after halting the influx of illegal refugees in to europe. refugees are not giving up on trying to make that dangerous journey across the aegean sea, we'll hear from zeina khodr, but first harry fawcett tells the story of those who risked their lives to seek asylum. >> you hear it before you see it. sank eight i, exhaustion, desperation. so many children have drowned making this journey, yet more still come. even if this is one of the rare
life jackets that actually floats, it's of no use to the tiny body inside. others make due with rubber tubes. even then, not everybody is wearing them. these are iraqi family who his probably paid hundreds of dollars a ahead for the passage. but the boat is too small even for the 40 or so aboard. the families are separate ed in a moment. he can only call a look out to the woman. >> it's been a chaotic few minutes here on the west coast the turkey. the message from the e.u. and turkey is that these kind are voyages are few till. these people will be sent back. but still they are desperate. a handful left shore, we ask while they are risking all this when under the new rules they have little chance of getting further in a greek holding center before being sent back. >> translator: we were under
oppression. living with bombs killing and kidnapping. greece doesn't want to accept us. turkey doesn't want us to stay. where else should we go? should we just sink in to the without? is it better to sink in to the without we are our children? >> reporter: this time there was no sinking, no death, but no safe passage either. within a few minutes a coast guard patrol had intercepted them. it's a trade facilitated by men like this, a former free syrian army fighter he tells us he's been smuggling people to greece for nearly a year. he says with business down sharply since the e.u. turkey deal, agents like him convince people that they still have a chance of making it in to europe. >> i still send them to greece because they have a choice to apply for the a eye lum. if they have relatives in one of eight countries they can be taken there. or there will be sent to a country chosen for them. >> reporter: europe is trying to close the door.
the first official action of syrians sent back from greece under the terms of the controversial deal which sees syrians in turkish camps sent legally to europe. instead of only arrivals were those who have been on the water for a matter of hours. >> translator: we went to greece to escape the war. do they think it's a holiday? they exploit us. >> reporter: what happens to them now is far from clear. still in the same country as those they left behind on the shore, but separated from them. the children play, a warped version of a morning on the beach. a life jacket whistle becomes a toy instead of a call for help. al jazeera, turkey. >> reporter: the migrants and refugees are protesting. they do not want to be departed
back to turkey. chanting we want freedom, we are not illegal. they are increasingly worried that they will be sent back. that is a likelihood that that will happen. they are no now applying for asylum. if those claims are not send they will be sent back. this is a huge operation requiring assistance, the e.u. has sent more staff to try to speed up the asylum process. >> i know that a large amount of people which are here have expressed their willingness to apply for asylum. and we -- i need to emphasize here, that this is not an all return system. so this will not be automatically sent to turkey. it doesn't work like that. every case will be treated on its own merits. legislation in place terms that set the conditions where there is the article that sends them
to a safe country. there is also an article about is al jazeera sue limb meaning they have been given protection to another state. so it becomes obvious that this person can be safe and practice texted in another place. >> reporter: the e.u.-turkey deal came in to practice on monday with the first did he deportations but there haven't been deportations since. for a number of reasons. not enough people volunteered to return. the e.u. process. refugees on the coast are still trapped.
the operation was conducted after former general second gianni infantino was named in the papers. inning fan teen was implicated in thousand six to -- the termination to restore was already is now even stronger. i welcome any investigation conducted into the matter. iraq's army has only been available to three week long offensive from isil. now until more forces arrive.
>> reporter: the iraqi army has been trying to advance on mosul the largest strong hold on iraq. after three weeks of the much hyped operation it's on hold. soldiers manage to capture villages. the launch pad for a final assault in mosul. they are now waiting for the arrival of federal police and local tribal fighters to hold those villages before the army pushes ahead. despite renewed concerns about the capabilities of the iraqi army, soldiers are hopeful. >> translator: we are trying to take on the village. suicide bomb, he homemade bombs and hindering their advance will be going back with the aerial of the coalition. >> reporter: kurdish peshmerga forces are staying out of the operation so far. >> peshmerga forces are only here to monitor. but the forces haven't been able to retake the village which they entered then quickly exits.
if they continue like this, then we make mosul, we'll take longer than baghdad had hoped. >> reporter: the mosul offensive is backed by nearly 200 u.s. marines and the united states is also promise is to set up more military outposts. the pentagon feels iraqi forces are on the right track. >> with u.s. and coalition partners supporting them with air power and other enableing capabilities. we have seen steady progress as the i.s.f. continues to recapture territory. >> reporter: and as iraq's government videos of their gains, isil pro propaganda are o active. the group claims its defending its position and showed this video destroying iraqi military vehicles. the iraqi army has had relatively more success in moving towards mosul from the southern anbar province. but the counter terrorism force the ongoing operation is one of
the toughest battles they have fought against aisles think iraqi forces trying to take control of the town that's divided by the euphrates river. isil is said to have sweat to the west. hundreds of families have been displaced by the latest fighting and that number is expected to rise when iraqi forces resume their push towards mosul. al jazeera. cypriot authorities have agreed to send a man accused of highjacking a an egypt plane ba. he took over the plane shortly after it took over from alexandria last week and demanded to be taken to cyprus, he was wearing a fake suicide belt his attempt was apparently to meet up with his rife and children. the ahead of a congressional committee has recommended this a vote on dilma rousseff's future should go ahead.
the man who heads the special commission says the case against rousseff is legally admissible. the lower house of congress has voted for her reprevious on april 18th. teresa breaux has more. >> reporter: wednesday's events put dilma rousseff's possibilities of being impeached carrying out investigation on no whole process has said there is enough evidence that an impeachable crime has been committed but it's up to the senate for a vote and to carry out the impeachment process. a member of the opposition and many are saying this statement he has been given could be tainted by his own opinion by the government. if it passes the mandate it moves to a full house vote and then if that happens it is going towards the sin zen at and
that's what the process begins, that's in dilma rousseff could be suspended from her position. the situation is complicated because a judge from the supreme court is take that the vice president should also be impeached from -- for the same crimes thatilma rousseff is. so that's how complicated the situation is in brazil. there is recession and economic crisis. dilma rousseff has lost key political allies many are saying that her chances of being impeached are being increased every day. still happened here on al jazeera, we look at the fragile ceasefire in the disputed region. plus why the east african nation of gentleman beauty is playing a major role in international security affairs.
♪ ♪ you are watching al jazeera. a reminder now of our top stories this hour. refugees in detention centers on the greek island of lesbos are protesting plans to deport them to turkey. a controversial e.u.-turkey deal aimed at halting the inflection of illegal refugees sent to europe came in to effect on monday. protests continue for a third day outside iceland parliament calling for the formation of a new government. a new prime minister has been nominated after the country's lead are resigned after being inning complicated in the panama papers scandal. brazilian president dilma rousseff may be one step closer to being impeached. the head of a powerful committee has recommended that a vote on her future should go ahead. a fragile ceasefire is in place in the region this week
the area saw the most intense fighting between armenian and azerbaijan forces in 20 years. robin forester walker reports on the aftermath of four days of escalated conflict. >> reporter: the road in to the last armenian-controlled village in northern care back is littered with the site of war. military and civilian. >> reporter: this man said shells started rain on the ground his home. when the family started the family that lived here managed to escape before the house was destroyed. this is where the children excellent. families on both sides of the frontlines armenian and asker by janney have had for years to endure shootouts but it was never as bad as this. the technology of war has changed too. in asker by january truck this
van with a rocket. its driver had a miraculous escape. >> translator: over there is where the bomb hit and over here is where the car ended up. >> reporter: this is another survivor, but the 80-year-old doesn't consider himself lucky. he says his home has been hit twice now back in the war in the 1990s and this past weekend. the guns point in the direction of azerbaijan. while we were there, they were silent. the forces are, we are told, under orders to hold fire. some of those who live here waiting for the ceasefire to hold is not an option. it's simply doesn't feel save for them anymore. al jazeera. the dutch government is rethinking the ratification of an e.u. treaty with ukraine. the move comes after voters rejected the trade deal in a national referendum. domination kane explains.
>> reporter: this was a chance for the dutch people to speak their mind. would they approve the e.u. association agreement with ukraine. in the event nearly 2/3 voted no. the turn out was low. those that did go to the polls explained their reasons. >> translator: it is a corrupt country and you don't need to want a contract like this with them. i mean, it doesn't help the citizens. only benefit multi nation its top five of the top government. >> translator: you cannot abandon 40 million people. that's why i voted for this treaty. >> reporter: many euro skeptic dutch politicians had campaigned against the agreement. for them the referendum result was a welcome endorsement. >> well, i am happy to see that the arguments used in the campaign against this treaty trt treaty have convinced 22 out of
the voters. more than 60 percent said no. >> reporter: the government had campaign ed in favor a yes vote. the foreign minister led the campaign. at an amsterdam polling station he told me why. >> we have to support the ukraine, the ukrainian people. i would say fighting for economic prosperity. and i think it's also in the interests of the dutch citizens. we need stability in europe. we need -- we are a trading nation so it's very good for us to be in the market there. >> reporter: the question is what affect will this result have on the e.u. relations with ukraine. then there are the affect on the e.u. institutions. one analyst told me referendums like these could increasingly be used to prevent effective governance in the e.u. >> this really goes ahead like this and everyone is having referendum on e.u. matters on a national basis, then you may --
the whole decision making in brussels may be completely blocked. >> reporter: the dutch government did not want this referendum and certainly did not want the result. the problem is that in real numbers, fewer than 1 in 5 dutch voters voted no in this referendum and the result is not binding. but the question for ministers is can they ignore the voters' verdict and care on with their ukraine policies, dominic kane, al jazeera in the hague. the french parliament has passed a controversial bill regulating prostitution think the law makes it illegal to pay for sex and imposes fines of nearly $4,000 on the clients. france now has some of the post previc tiff prostitution laws in europe. the tension between china and other nations over the island continues to now. a represent on how the city's mayor has made the issue you a
central part of his campaign. well, it beings look like we don't have steve chow's story at the moment. but we'll try and get it as soon as possible. and he will have an exclusive story on that particular story on 101 east. we move on now to other news. and despite its population of barely 830,000 the east african nation of gentleman brought i ig abouting a significant player in the national cure any arena. u.s., france and, japan have forces there, china and saudi arabia also want to establish bases on its soil. mohamed adow reports. >> reporter: the port of djibouti a growing shipping hub on the east african coast. it lies on the near the swiss canal and one of the world's busiest shipping routes.
>> over 6,000-kilometers of sea coast there is no ports. so we are taking advantage to build, and invest close to 14 billion u.s. dollars in the coming years. >> reporter: djibouti also provides a vital port for ethiopia which has a population of 90 million people. djibouti's location has always been its most precious resource. for a century it's has attracted trader, smugglers and anyone and everyone concerned with the movement and control of goods. and that is [ inaudible ] djibouti's proximate i believe at this to the regions of african and the middle east has made it a significant hub. the united nations world food program uses this center for storing aid destine today generally, so knowledge yeah, ethiopia and south sa sudan.
>> a volume of 3.5 million tons a year, about [ inaudible ] has gone through djibouti in 2016 for all the different operations in the region. >> reporter: djibouti also offers some of the most prime military real estate in the world to counter piracy, threatening the key maritime straight. also to show operational stability. this is home to the largest foreign ministry in djibouti and the only permanent american base in africa. 4,000 u.s. troops live o on on site. the second largest military presence with about 1,900 troops. here u.s. and trench french troops make a lands on the ground the coast. as part of joint military operations they engage in. >> gentleman butte hey is no resources no oil no, minerals, no nothing, just seaports. this military presence i think
has done a lot of good for the economy. >> reporter: signing a deal to establish militaries in djibouti this tiny country could soon be the only plays where the navies of two great military and commission rivals the u.s. and china are alongside each a. mohammeded adow, al jazeera, gentleman duty. let's take you back to that philippines presidential candidate who is taking on beijing. steve chow reports. >> reporter: he has never been known for play nice. the 71-year-old mayor who loves his big bikes, is notorious to allegedly using death squads to stop criminals in his city. and now as a top contender as
president of the philippines he's vowing to take on one of the world's super powers, china. >> what will i do? i will do it. i will send to china alone. i will bring the flag of the philippines and walk through their airport and plant the filipino flag. you want to blow me to bits? do it. i would be happy to go with a bang. >> reporter: china and the philippines have been at heavy odds over who owns this string of islands in the south china sea. >> it is our island, it's always been our island historically. >> reporter: if elected president he says he will first try to negotiation with the asian rival. if talks breakdown he vows to reclaim the islands himself. >> i will not use the lives of the arms forces the philippines. i will go there.
>> he's the most outrageous, the most colorful, and the most interesting character in this upcoming presidential elections. >> reporter: political watchers warn that such talk will only escalate tensions with china. >> we like to their him to trump. he likes his statements and he can be very irreverent and very reckless. >> reporter: reckless perhaps, but for a mayor that has never ran for a national seat. he has amassed a huge following. his tough pledge of getting rid of crime and corruption and making the philippines a strong nation, resonates. what do you think of him? >> he's a good fighting. a good mayor. he performs well. he do the actions. >> reporter: filipinos may love his get-tough approach. but if elected, it will likely
guarantee stormy waters ahead on the international front. steve chow, al jazeera, philippines. one in three american adults is expected to develop diabetes within the next generation. community-based programs are now underway to try to curb the disease before it strikes. tim action marijuana has the details. >> reporter: twice or more each month these women get together to chart their progress at beating a common enemy. >> i have a family history of diabetes is, so it's been down a couple of generations and i my husband has diabetes and his family are all type two diabeteses so my goal was not to get. >> reporter: so for all of those that suffer often fatal diabetes there are more americans that suffer from it. >> physicals i changed my diet i would be dee bit he go in two year old and the numbers just crept increases. >> reporter: at hundreds of centers across the u.s. groups
like this one hope to cope it wajahat the challenge of prediabetes. >> we talk about our personal experiences and thousand what problems we have and what hurdles we have and we have supported one other. >> reporter: the goal is to train them in exercise and diet and lrn how to stick with the changes. >> it's working out. and i can -- i know that i do this, i know i can make this change for life. >> reporter: the weight loss can be accomplished without resort to go drugs or surgery. >> actually we pubbed that to show that many patients actually were able to have partial or complete remission after the weight loss. >> reporter: the government has more than a public health interest in preventing diabetes which cost an estimated $205 billion in medical expenses in 2012. >> these prevention programs will save the healthcare system a lot and the united states a lot of money over the long run.
>> reporter: now the federal government's medicare insurance program for seniors has begun to recover prediabetic intervention. campaigners have adding a dose of humor to drive home their message. >> i love bacon too. and who really likes to exercise. >> not me. >> me neath. >> nobody. [ laughter ] >> so we are good? >> what, oh, you still have prediabetes. big time! >> reporter: part of a campaign that aims to reduce new diabetes cases in the u.s. by more than half the current rate. tom ackerman, al jazeera, our government are doing what they need to do in order to protect their citizens.