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tv   Indias Nuclear Riddle  Al Jazeera  September 21, 2017 12:32pm-1:00pm AST

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year nearly three days of mourning have been declared in mexico or at least two hundred thirty people have been killed in the worst earthquake to hit the country in thirty years rescuers pulled one survivor from the rubble after being trapped there for more than thirty six hours. north korea's foreign minister says the u.s. president sounded like a dog barking when he threatened to destroy his country donald trump made the comments during a speech at the u.n. general assembly in new york thousands of people are expected to join protests in the philippines on the forty fifth anniversary of the declaration of martial law in one nine hundred seventy two the late leader ferdinand marcos imposed martial law for eighty years citing a threat from communism now a group calling itself the movement against tyranny is using the anniversary to highlight human rights violations under the current president roderigo to thirty and his crackdown on drugs thousands of people holding a rally in the yemeni capital sana'a it marks the third anniversary of the hoose the rebels takeover of the city on weapon city
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a top leader accused the west and its arab allies of causing chaos in the country those are your headlines the news continues after people and power i will see you very soon. deep in southern india a mysterious construction project is making the country's neighbors nervous some see it as evidence of an escalating arms race that could one day take the subcontinent to the brink of firm a nuclear war. so what's going on behind these walls we sent indian journalist man to kenya gallops to investigate.
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a coastal state in india is famous for its sun signed and tourists. but for five days in march this year this beach paradise played host to india's defense expo. and. today india is the largest importer of arms in the world and has pledged to spend
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two hundred fifty billion dollars over the next decade to modernize its military hoping to cash in on seniors and companies from across the globe have flocked to the defense expo in the hopes of selling that to the indian government. my name is my. i. at the forefront of india's military expansion is the devil up into four feet of nuclear submarines which will be powered by enriched uranium and capable of firing thermonuclear weapons each one over a thousand times more powerful than the devices detonated over hiroshima and nagasaki joining world war two. but in order to power in on this fleet india will need a large stockpile of sufficiently enriched uranium. according to a recent investigation by foreign policy magazine a new top secret facility is under construction in the south indian district of
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china kerry and it is here that many believe the highly enriched uranium needed to fulfill india's military ambitions will be produced though this is a claim that has been hotly contested by the indian government itself. so i've come to the expo to seek out india stop defense and military leaders and see if they will explain what is going on. our first port of call is the defense ministers press conference where i ask him about these alleged plans to build a new uranium enrichment site. so how can you know what you. will . be the. one. when.
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you. his answer is they visit but that's not really surprising indian officials are famously tight lipped about the country's nuclear weapons program because it is covered by a draconian official secrets act we are the same evasive responses from a long list of people at the defense expo. i don't recall that. we ran into the same apparent wall of silence when we approached the company that built india's first nuclear submarine during remote from the country. even the country's vice chief of naval staff was unwilling to address the subject. under the counter. while india
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is keen to discuss and debate its growing military prowess the nuclear weapons program is a subject that remains off limits. but many analysts across the world believe that india is indeed by suing a ball a sea of creating a weapons many times more powerful than anything in the country's arsenal to date if you're saying that. and india's historical for pakistan has already taken note pledging to do whatever it takes to keep up with indian nuclear capability. whether they want to burn bugs on endurable whatever put it. there because their debts will not bother me much as long as i retaliate. with regional superpower with china already holding
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a vast stockpile of these weapons experts fear a new nuclear race on the sub continent could threaten the existence and livelihoods of heart of the world's population. is also taking their shape in south asia because of concerns of china's so india. against china. want to have for example. on the areas it is very close. but concerns that india is planning to expand its nuclear arsenal first came to light in a rather unlikely backwater of rural south india the lush plains of china. it was here that a group of local shepherds on earth details about the government's alleged plans to construct a secret nucleus city. for
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generations shepherds like. had unfettered access to common pasture land stretching all the power because they use this land to grow food and graze their animals i didn't two thousand and ten the indian government suddenly ordered back ten thousand acres of these common grasslands be walled off no information about the intended purpose of the new facilities was made public and local community members claim they were not even consulted or informed about the appropriation of the slimed before it happened almost overnight even local politicians and civil servants had been kept in the dark. knight. i want to marty. then in two thousand and eleven
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india stopped nuclear official admitted that among the projects slated for construction and. is a year a name enrichment site that could feed the country's military nuclear programs as well as civilian. this announcement came shortly after the launch of ins arihant the first of several nuclear powered ballistic missile submarines being built for the indian navy. slowly this information made its way back to the local community in. when they. organized protest the attention of the government including boycott of the two thousand and fourteen indian general election. but it soon became clear to them
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that this was a battle that would have to be fourteen. so they got in touch with environmentalists . when the father was discovered the walls were coming up of almost forty years ago secret the farmers had already filed a case in the i thought it was not going to run for them which is when we took it to the national bank. in response to the green tribunals government agencies were compelled to go on the record and reveal important information about the purpose of the site so they very clearly said that in that effort to produce i need enriched uranium which is used by both civilian and military including for nuclear ballistic missiles and. if you pick what has happened in iran basically the. united states government has forced the suppression between the. weapons grade uranium and the energy post that separation is important sort of there is no proof
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. through the shop it's. managed to get a government agency to admit for the first time that the site will be used to enrich uranium to build weapons. according to national security experts can not building a city sized complex to house the entire process it's not uncommon. the best way to make a weapon. and have industry and industrial size process making a weapon drive it in one place where the russians have. for instance. just a city in some remote part of siberia or something where they make nothing but bombs. may be are adopting the russian people i don't know and i'm really saying as
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an outside person looking image but. the point a prototype of your former theory is credible but it's nearly impossible to get any confirmation from the indian government our search for more concrete answers takes us outside india to washington d.c. . in two thousand and eight india signed an historic deal with the united states allowing international inspectors to regulate reactors used for its ambitions civilian nuclear energy program in exchange the country was granted a waiver from the nuclear suppliers group to import fuel and by civilian nuclear technology that for decades had been kept out of its reach since then western analysts have monitored india's military program closely. at the institute of science and international security we meet sabrina. who's tracking the proposed and
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richmond site. we were able to discover the plan for the construction of a new enrichment facility by analyzing open source information this is very up here does not have any construction so far but the plans are to build a uranium centrifuge program here and you enrichment facility means that india will be expanding its talk of highly enriched uranium. serena do is concerned but the new site could trigger a nuclear reason the subcontinent it's significant because it indicates that india's uranium enrichment needs are growing and we believe they're growing because india needs to fuel its nuclear submarine program. we worry about pakistan because pakistan has a tendency to want to match any new advancements that india makes and currently we
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are worried that pakistan might want to match india's efforts when it comes to creating a nuclear submarine program china is also nearby and any advancements in this nuclear program are going to create are going to have destabilizing effects in the region and yes we worry about escalation. suing such a bullish policy on nuclear armament has the potential to destabilize the region why exactly is it but the indian government is so hell bent on improving its arsenal after all the country already has nuclear weapons doesn't it. in contrast to the big boys nuclear as india and pakistan account for only two hundred to two thirty bombs between them india's program dates back to one nine hundred seventy four when prime minister indira gandhi gave the go ahead to test the. and she's first bomb the smiling but exploded deep in the heart of the rogers trying to assert taking the world by surprise india described it as
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a peaceful nuclear explosion pakistan saw it as an act of aggression the nation reacted swiftly accelerating the pace of its own program prime minister is a figure of crime he declared that pakistanis would eat leaves and grass or even go hungry but they would build the bomb things came to a head in may nine hundred ninety eight when under the cloak of secrecy india tested five more bombs a move that led to swift condemn nation from the world. less than three weeks later in a tit for tat move pakistan detonated six devices sanctions were placed on both nations . while the tests proved conclusively that both nations had nuclear capability a shadow was cast over the credibility of india's doctorand in two thousand and nine. decent a number of key member of the scientific team responsible for conducting the tests
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made a shocking revelation. be. much lower than was predicted was obvious but for some reason. kept hidden. more go down. and more plainly written a naked man. that was intact indicating that the. was. claimed to be. the government was quick to refute design a geisha but sometimes claims was seized upon by those national security experts such as barker knight who have been calling for further testing and asking the government to build a full scale thermonuclear arsenal. only proven and dish to weapon is
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a twenty kilometer we can be a one hundred five plane we had were two and twenty five a claim you have a two hundred five but unless you actually test. there's no credibility to your claims if it's mind game before the nuclear war starts the chinese have an edge because when you say ok join she ok you want to start a nuclear war ok i'm going to open up with my one megaton do you have a very accurate ridiculous ok well not everyone shared the same tos ee as in for further proliferation but sometimes revelations had left those on all sides of the political spectrum wondering whether india's arsenal was. enemies. pakistan with whom the country's relations have often descended into. in fact hostility has been a defining characteristic of the relationship between india and pakistan for nearly seventy years now a period marked by several wars and endless military standoffs. and this mutual
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enemy is perhaps best illustrated by a ceremony that takes place at the border every evening both sides put on a grand show of aggression. by their countrymen. but even the spectacle underplays the very real threat but both nations bolster one another. india and pakistan continues to kill weapons today on. was going nuclear weapons program india nuclear weapons aspirations the right way with china looming large over these nations many but a new one no weapons race breaking out. we arrived on may twenty eighth. to the days since pakistan tested its bombs.
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for the mobile. world america. adding fuel to the fire of hostility between pakistan and india is this man a.q. khan the father of the pakistani bomb. he's a controversial figure accused of setting up a network sensitive information. and. we were able to sneak past. giving a speech. the pakistani government has publicly distanced itself from but he continues to be a celebrated they go up and down the country. getting
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access is nearly impossible. to meeting with. from pakistan's nuclear program. is a high ranking member of pakistan's strategic planning division an elite branch of
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the military that has command over the country. at university in islamabad. in the wake of revelations about india's nuclear ambitions pakistan has no choice but to escalate the production of its own weapons. people are generally willing to accept india's logic that the i'm in school district is from china in terms of strategic weapons as well if there is a mercedes or a nuclear weapon. which the indians may claim that it is intended for china what stop it stops indians from pointing the same weapon towards pakistan what i would india does who should be able to in minute elliot reward was. unbearable damage today and saw there they will hopefully to free him from. for the bugs and the postgres. but pakistan's dismay for the nonproliferation has always
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been a huge concern globally and the recent introduction of tactical nuclear weapons to its arsenal short range missiles equipped with nuclear warheads that can be used on the battlefield have caused many particularly indian military officials to balkan horror the only fact there is a substantial part of forces is engaged in conduct there is a more pressures on the western borders so that has created a kind of a liberty which indians seem to be willing to exploit so pakistan had to look for those who should to their and pogs thousand sponsor this was done in by the way over the introduction of short range battlefield nuclear weapons so we're loading our nuclear threshold pakistan has also delegated the command of tactical nukes to battlefield commanders with some analysts believe lives their arsenal worryingly open to attack and even passed by extremist organizations in the region for his
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part pakistani peace activist and physicist expects things will only get worse in the years to come the release is also taking it bad shape in south asia because in south asian situation is not just india pakistan situation because india has concerns of china as well so india builds up again against china and india wants to have for example a trial which was nuclear weapons on on the air as it has in the season somebody. and therefore pakistan would feel more certain and bug them are also going that for those who track strategic weapons closely one area where the reasons most apparent is in the building and testing of bomb delivery systems such as messiah was. both india and pakistan have a large stockpile of subsystems most recently india tested the list to decide on
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board its first nuclear powered submarine leading to fears that the indian ocean is on course to become a nuclear eyes so on in the winter two thousand and fifteen even u.s. president barack obama voiced his own concerns about the direction south asia's taking at the nuclear security summit in washington d.c. the other area were i think we need to see progress is pakistan and india. making sure that. as they develop military doctrines that they are not continually moving in the wrong direction. india resents any attempts to link its nuclear security and doctrine with that of pakistan's and quickly protested president obama's remarks but for those charged with analyzing india's national security strategy expanding the program appears inevitable if you're saying that.
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you really ought to be patient china. the other countries are not really trips to india so we don't india shouldn't really be concerned not pakistan not trim pakistan as you know i mean i'm a very small country but the initial large. one can ever be certain that our nuclear weapons can be destroyed in exchange while we can be certain we can make an extinct as a social organization. the walls of china carry continue to obscure india's allegedly new nuclear program from view. but many on all sides agree that a nuclear arms race on the subcontinent is underway. the potential fallout in the wallet tiled region is thinkable and while the indian state seeks to secure its debt or into capabilities against its neighbors a lot more thought must be given on how to prevent the strays from spiraling out of
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