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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  September 22, 2017 2:00am-3:01am AST

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and new village officials are struggling to demonstrate goodwill. among morial is trying for a calm maggi sacrificed his life the political change. but really event tonight i'll drive a wedge between the village and. crack pot three of a six part series filmed over five years. china's democracy experiment at this time on al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera. hello i'm rob matheson this is the news our live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes as washington steps up the economic pressure on north korea kim jong
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un says president trump will pay dearly for his actions. in mexico the death toll from tuesday's earthquake passes two hundred and seventy officials say that is still expected to rise. i reckon maria hits the dominican republic and appears to be headed for the turks and caicos islands next. and more protests in catalonia and spain central government steps up its attempts to stop an independence referendum. u.s. president donald trump is ramping up pressure on north korea by imposing further sanctions on top of those passed by the u.n. the e.u. and china are also stepping up measures against pyongyang over its nuclear program our diplomatic editor james bays reports from new york. days after he threatened to
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destroy north korea militarily now a fresh attempt by president trump at economic destruction today i'm announcing a new executive order just signed that significantly expands our authorities to target individuals companies financial institutions that finance and facilitate trade with north korea he was flanked by the leaders of the two countries most at risk from north korea the prime minister of japan and the president of south korea not present the nation which will probably be most affected by the new sanctions china but it appears there was some coordination before this move was taken china their central bank has told their other banks it's a massive banking system to immediately stop doing business with north korea
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in his speech to the general assembly china's foreign minister wang ye made no mention of that and again stressed dialogue was the only way to solve the crisis so one of. the d.p. r. k. not to continue in this dangerous direction we call upon the u.s. to honor its former commitment and we call upon all parties to play a constructive role in easing tensions there is still hope for peace and we must not give up negotiation is the only way out which deserves every effort. in a special security council session on nuclear weapons the us secretary of state rex tillerson cited south africa kazakstan and ukraine as examples of countries that have thrived after giving up the bomb parts in its official statements north korea often quotes another example libya gave up its nuclear and chemical weapons program in two thousand and three eight years later its leader colonel gadhafi was toppled
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with the help of the u.s. and its allies james zira at the united nations where north korea's responded with a rare statement from leader kim jong un referring to trump's u.n. speech he said quote his remarks which describe the u.s. option have convinced me that the path i chose is correct and that it is the one i have to follow to the last we will consider with seriousness exercising a corresponding highest level of hardline countermeasure in history i will make the man holding the prerogative of the supreme commander in the us pay dearly for his speech calling for totally destroying the d.p. r. k. ok let's talk to mike hanna he's joining us live from the united nations in new york mike mike it's been a very fast moving day a lot of complex issues in this but one of the two of the main factors are the u.s. sanctions but also china's additional help in this matter.
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that's very much a key issue when president trump announcing the fact that china has instructed its banks not to do any business with north korea this is significant firstly on a level that it will help cut off revenue streams to north korea which is the whole intent of this new round of sanctions trying to politically it also signals that china is on board with the process it has been voting in favor of resolutions in the u.n. security council but this particular example indicates as well that there was a. working together between president trump and president xi jinping on this issue and that is something that could play out in the weeks and months ahead the idea that china will now be prepared to bring more pressure to bear on north korea remembering that the sanctions that are already in place that have been imposed by the u.n. security council have not been fully implemented in the past this may be the signal
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that china is going to implement these existing sanctions and the new ones being introduced unilaterally by the u.s. and of course my monitoring those actions by china is going to be key in this it's one thing to say that they're going to do it it's another thing for them to actually carry through with that isn't it. yes indeed it is one must remember too that china has insisted that there is a diplomatic solution to all of this it has called for example on the u.s. to withdraw or reduce its military presence in the region as a quid pro quo for north korea stopping its armaments process this is something that the u.s. says it will not do so china has been exploring other ways initially it was somewhat reluctant to impose sweeping sanctions against its ally and close neighbor but the fact that president xi jinping has issued these instructions to chinese banks is a signal perhaps that china will be acting more vigorously in terms of imposing
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or enforcing sanctions that are already in place because one must remember too that some ninety percent of north korean revenue imports and exports go through china mike hanna live for us at the u.n. thank you very much indeed. well president trump also met with his afghan counterpart on the sidelines of the u.n. general assembly both expressed optimism that increased u.s. troop numbers could be a turning point after sixteen years of war in afghanistan but a new report costs doubt representatives from the u.s. defense department have now met with the report's authors looking at ways of implementing its recommendations defense correspondent particle hain explains. thank you it was all smiles as u.s. president donald trump now which president ashraf ghani. troops that it's been sent. to enhance that assists support it vice mission and that is
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playing at a. victory. politically it. is within our sight both took pains to stress this is no longer a us fight so i think it's important to understand that the afghan soldiers are doing the fighting we're training and we're working with them very closely but it's the afghans that are doing the fighting but this new report from the inspector general says that training program has huge problems right in the u.s. didn't understand just how hard it would be to train afghan forces overestimated their abilities and didn't have enough staff the mission it says is chronically understaffed by more than fifty percent and many of the staff it has were not trained mean a helicopter pilot was teaching afghans how to patrol and it says one u.s. officer turned to the. crime dramas from television to learn how to teach being
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a police man this is just the latest report highlighting problems with the training program the strategy the u.s. is relying on to eventually get out still the report's author says he is optimistic we have new presidents in both countries we have a different leadership team on the ground. and i'm optimistic about them. h.r. mcmaster general mattis general nicholson it's a different team i think they recognize some of the problems and want to fix it and the training program can be fixed according to michael o'hanlon the taliban has gained perhaps ten percent of the nation's territory in the time since nato pete back in the early part of obama's second term or towards the end of his first term and the trend line is therefore in the wrong direction needs to be reversed but i would not say that the military and police have proven themselves incapable of
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battlefield success they've actually held on to most of the country president guy is predict. and he will have control over more than eighty percent of his country in four years' time this report says if he's going to reach that goal the u.s. is going to have to change the way it's been trying to win the longest war in its history political again al-jazeera washington. mexico's president says he believes there could be people still alive in ten collapsed buildings after tuesday's earthquake but hope is fading in the nation's capital it's been three days since the quake struck killing two hundred seventy three people official say that number will probably rise rescue crews are working around the clock to reach an adult trapped under the rubble of a school in mexico city nineteen children and six adults died in the school collapse heidi jocasta is in mexico city she's joining us live now as with all situations like this one of the first problems is that information gets very confused. that's right and that we saw that happen here
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because for several days you know it's been forty eight hours since the earthquake it was believed that the person trapped in the rubble of the school was a twelve year old girl that started out as reporting in local media quickly spreading captured the world's attention and led to a plethora of resources being deployed at this site alone but about an hour ago that mexican navy which is the leading the rescue effort here clarify the fact that they do not believe any children are left inside the building nineteen children were discovered dead along with six adults but eleven have been pulled out alive the rest among the four hundred people which attend the school are either safe at home or in hospitals the person who is remaining here though there's still hope that this person will happen chance of getting out alive rescuers say that they have detected using thermal imaging that this person may be inside they've also
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seen traces of blood that maybe this person losing their body through the rubble down there and you're seeing now a moment of hushed silence as the rescuers behind me are waiting for those who are deeper inside the disgrace to make audio contact they've been hoping for this for hours now to make audio contact with this person and are asking for silence of any minimal noise. can be heard here but i have to reiterate though this is just one of many such sights of of devastation and and just the drama that we're seeing unfolding across the city of mexico this morning i was at an office building that had six stories collapsed family members of those who are missing inside were gathered outside holding vigil now for the second day straight i spoke with one woman whose husband was inside that building to attend a business meeting just top an hour before the quake struck she has not heard from him since that found his car parked nearby this is just one of the hundreds of such
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stories in the city was desperation as we're going by the minute and the hope of finding more survivors is diminishing rob and hard as you say it's not just about finding people who are missing of course it's trying to look after the thousands of people who have been rendered homeless by days. that's why this is a massive humanitarian crisis so big in fact that we have not even really moved to that chapter which should be grabbing headlines itself there are two thousand people without a home currently in mexico city they have been sheltering in gymnasiums in the recreation center the focus here though still on saving those who may still be saved and although the mexican government has called for three days of mourning in this city not many are staying home and feeling sad about this people are still taking action just clogging the streets with cars that have laden with real there
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arose and water and shovels people from all walks of life helping each other forming human chains that we've seen passing the rubble from one hand to the next they know that every person still counts in this rescue effort and they're still trying their best not giving up hoping to reach more of the living rob thank you very much indeed. r.j. maria has caused her. flooding in the dominican republic but the damage is not as bad as feared the storm which has been downgraded to a category three is heading to took. on the southeastern bahamas meanwhile the island of dominica has been devastated i did still without power. reports. the world is beginning to see what hurricane maria did to the island nation of dominique the country is destroyed all of it not one corner was spared days after the hurricane hit and streets remain covered in debris the country is still without phone service internet electricity or running water by some estimates eighty
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percent of the buildings in the country are badly damaged or destroyed but the full scale of the devastation won't be known until aid crews can get in but that hasn't happened because the two airports also badly damaged remain closed the real legacy of the storm felt the most by the seventy five thousand dominicans who are struggling to make sense of it all. mr roosevelt skerritt on thursday spoke to a local t.v. channel from a neighboring island nation does when they don't and brutal. when i was in such destruction. unprecedented grounds for saddam to them there's nowhere to take the injured the main hospital on the island remains without power in the intensive care unit totally destroyed. this was the nation in better times the government trying to promote the country as an eco friendly tourist destination
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that is now gone thanks to this tiny island with limited infrastructure took a direct hit monday night from the at the category five hurricane it could not have been any worse people from all walks of life were affected we are very vulnerable. we're exposed to do to do ravages of climate change and we need access to resources to be more resilient societies the prime minister will travel to new york on friday to meet world leaders taking part in the united nations general assembly he's going there he says to remind the world that his tiny vulnerable nation needs help now more than ever gabriel's on the al-jazeera. then you more ahead on the news hour including me and my government tells the u.n. that a crisis is easing but many continue to flee to to escape the violence buying two weeks of pressure facebook agrees to reveal the political ads sold to russians
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ahead of the u.s. election. and in sports generative l. ners is identified in the frame of a former n.f.l. superstar who committed suicide in prison such an it's going to have all the details. protesters in barcelona gathered outside the supreme court to demand the release of several catalan government officials they've been arrested by spanish security forces earlier this week for planning next month's independence referendum reporter called pan holder has the latest from barcelona. synchronized defiance. or not it's now or never it's impossible to delay this referendum and if the castle and government negotiates we will occupy the streets. the target of pro independence
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protesters on thursday was the supremes court in boston lona. the trigger was the arrested of more than a dozen cattle and government officials are directly responsible for the going izing the referendum. that prompted some older demonstrators here to draw parallels to general franco's dictatorship four decades ago this human to stop this franco style dictatorial regime must explode and we must set up a republic spain's central government has vowed to shut down what it declares is an illegal referendum so protesters brought along their own card for ballot boxes. others printed their own voting slips with the kind of potato you know radio earlier spanish security forces confiscated more than ten million ballot papers that were. in there were no of the way or.
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the. other three. was interior ministry has said that next step now is the least reinforcements to keep the peace the focus the now i am sorry that all this was the first for now it's more music than muscle but nobody's forgetting that the stakes are high breaking away from the spanish government and its king. the e.u. calls for independence that to the central government sound like a cry of rebellion. spain. gagnon president says the court's ruling that an old his election victory last
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month is a coup that could throw the country into judicial chaos kenyatta says the supreme court has stolen democracy from the people kenya's election board says the presidential election will be rerun on october the twenty sixth accord blames the electoral commission for its decision to nullify the result saying it ran a poll that was neither transparent or verifiable. by admitting they've got to get away for a little like kenya what has really happened in our country is nothing short of what kenya has so successfully managed to avoid over the last fifty years or so of our independence that has happened in many other countries where we have seen military coups overthrowing civilian government but today we have broken our history with a coup in the republic of kenya that has been done by four people in the courts this is a coup and i must call it what it is and i will never be afraid to say it speaking exclusively to our visitor the kenyan opposition leader raila odinga says he's
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fully behind the court's decision. the court did. the right thing because as you know i know that i didn't lose elections i know the one delusions and the results were just manipulated so this is what we just. did the right thing. the evidence before us and nullified those illusions facebook c.e.o. mark zuckerberg says he plans to share information about a russian link with the us congress according to facebook some three thousand political ads organized by operatives based in russia ran on the site before last year's presidential election. we are actively working with the u.s. government on its ongoing investigations into russian interference we've been investigating this for many months now and for a while we had found no evidence of fake accounts like to russians link to russia
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running ads and when we recently uncovered this activity we provided that information to the special counsel we also briefed congress and this morning i directed our team to provide the ads we've found to congress as well now as a general rule we're going to be limited in what we can discuss publicly about ongoing law enforcement best occasions so we may not always be able to share all of our findings publicly but we support congress in deciding how to best use this information to inform the public and we expect the government to publish its findings when their investigation is complete so our white house correspondent kimberly hauck it has more than facebook has announced that it will continue to work with the u.s. government as it continues its probe into russian meddling in election interference it will also continue its own investigation and will be wopper to have in sharing the information results of those investigations but it's also taking other steps to
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to ensure election integrity and to ensure that facebook increases its enforcement in terms of ads that are purchased just closing where those ads came from who paid for them and what their political motivations might be it is going to try and increase transparency and security and share that information with even compact heating tech companies or competitors as well to facebook c.e.o. mark zuckerberg has announced that it hopes to increase is partnerships with election commissions around the world and increase the effort to get out the vote the goal zuckerberg says is to not only be a force for good but also to make sure that the elections around the world not just in the united states are free and fair. more than ten thousand people have been rallying against philippine president rodrigo to the rally also marks the forty fifth anniversary of martial law being imposed in the country many people who were tortured and jailed under then president felt an unmarked calls were at the rally
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saying their human rights are once again under threat. reports. it's been more than thirty years since people power brought an end to the government of president for dinner marcos but protesters here say they are even more defiant and angry now the martial law or years were deeply oppressive they say more than three thousand people were killed and thousands more were jute and tortured but decades on they see they are now reliving it on their president would be good to take his government. to right more than thirteen thousand people have been killed since president did there to launch the so-called war on drugs more than a year ago many of them killed by vigilante groups believed to be linked to police protesters here say they are no longer intimidated by president. threats they call him a fascist and with the police killing army. has also
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come under fire for a multimillion dollar drug smuggling case implicating members of his government and even his own son his refusal to sign waivers that will show respect accounts has angered many here they demand transparency from his government. this says these are baseless accusations his government is focused on institutional reforms and the opposition is merely using commemorations like this one to destabilize his administration but public anger continues to grow they say just like marcos has all the qualities of a dictator. there warns of nationwide martial law if protests like this one turn violent activists say they are not afraid. we stand up and say we cannot. get
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a lot of pressure. despite this dictator to shows no sign of softening his policies very fiery temper so they're they're scared. and that is that. the people are. too scared to get rid. of the majority of those who joined that rally here were born after the martial law years marcus's rule was brutal and abusive they say they will never let history repeat itself again. duggan al-jazeera manila. still ahead on al-jazeera china unveils the world's fastest train but many are asking at what cost. and in sport how traditional martial arts in asia of fighting back against the rise of and i.
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still have tropical storm making its presence felt across the northeastern corner of the united states swirling away some big and heavy seas just pushing into new york new jersey across new england maybe into the southeast corner. canada as well a little area of cloud there also making its way across the aches and then another area of cloud just pushing in over the mountain states because see some snow coming through here just six celsius in calgary very much on the cold side of twenty degrees warmer than that for new york there is at least some warmth around but so that windy weather the rough seas the choppy waters they remain offshore on friday sas they starting to edge way twenty nine celsius in new york by that stage so some pleasant warm sunshine coming through and also we're could also see highs of around twenty nine degrees some wet weather there into central parts of canada though through the canadian prairie is coming down through the northern plains pushing
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over towards arizona new mexico could see a little bit about whether one in dallas thirty four degrees celsius with want to drive to southern parts of the u.s. not suffice at a not so dry into the caribbean of course we do still have hurricane maria making its presence felt it will make its way further northwards over the next couple of days. we all have stories. some that enrich our memories of. others that define all futures. in a breathtaking new season al-jazeera staff members open their hearts and invite us into the extraordinary lives al-jazeera correspondent coming soon.
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germany's birth varian alps where stunning sceneries play host to europe's latest arrivals. separate in origin. they share a common roof and together dream of a german future. welcome to germany café vald left a witness documentary at this time on al-jazeera. now you're watching al-jazeera a reminder of our top stories this hour u.s. president donald trump is impose new sanctions on north korea targeting anyone who
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does business with pyongyang. says trump will pay dearly for his actions the e.u. is also considering new measures and china is ordering its banks abide by existing sanctions rescue efforts are being stepped up to find any survivors in mexico up to choose these powerful earthquake more than two hundred people were killed and officials say this number is likely to rise xico as president says he believes people may be alive in at least ten collapsed buildings. deadly hurricane maria caused heavy flooding in the dominican republic destroying buildings and knocking out power across the u.s. territories of puerto rico. ok more now on our top story the new u.s. sanctions on north korea and pyongyang's response scott snyder is a senior fellow for korea studies and director of the program on u.s. korea policy at the council on foreign relations the c.f.r. he's joining us live now from washington d.c. we appreciate your time very much we've actually had two announcements today as i'm
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sure you're aware the one of the u.s. sanctions and also china's announcement about limiting its banking its banking business with north korea from north korea's point of view which do you think is going to carry more weight. well the u.s. treasury announcement is really the driver for china's announcement to cut off north korea financially essentially the u.s. treasury has announced the financial equivalent of a nuclear option toward north korea and the chinese banking system is simply reacting to that declaration because any chinese bank that is doing business with north korea is now at risk of having its funds frozen by the u.s. treasury if it does business also in the united states in practical terms how much business between china and north korea are we actually talking about. well in terms of the financial relationship trade relationship between china and north korea it's
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about six billion dollars a year obviously the u.n. security council resolutions have already targeted a portion of that. and really it's about finance being the skids that griese those transactions and essentially. all of those interactions between china and north korea are now potentially targeted by the u.s. treasury one of the issues in this of course is be to be monitoring whether or not china actually does follow through with what it is promised to do with the banking sector how easy is that going to be how transparent is that process going to be do you think well we're going to find out that the u.s. treasury believes that it has the capability to monitor those kinds of transactions the assistant secretary for treasury billingsley said last week in
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a house hearing that this is the equivalent of hand to hand combat between the u.s. treasury and north korea in illicit financing and clearly the battleground for that combat is occurring in china. both the state department and the treasury and the us president have said that the people the businesses basically have to choose between whether or not they're going to do business with north korea or whether they're going to do business with the u.s. in the event that china is finds to have carried on banking business financial business with north korea what options are left open to the u.s. can it actually cut off business with china those firms that are engaged in doing business with north korea will be subject to financial freezes by the u.s. treasury for assets that are being held in the united states it's also possible that the u.s. treasury could try to levy fines on chinese financial institutions that are doing
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business with north korea the main message here is a major deterrence message to the international financial community that there are real costs of doing business with north korea. that may preclude maintenance of access to the global financial system how in practical terms would it be possible for the u.s. to be able quite to be quite as harsh on china in the event that it is fine that chinese banking is still going on with north korea because as i understand it as of december twenty sixth in china had something like one point zero six trillion dollars of the american national debt that's a lot to unpick in the event that china doesn't do what it says it's going to says it's going to do. well i think the focus is going to be on a case by case basis the u.s. treasury is holding chinese firms accountable for whatever business they do with
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north korea going forward so it's not retroactive and also i think that the u.s. treasury is going to look at each case by itself rather than hold the entire trading relationship with china risk but it now is empowered to be able to follow through and issue penalties and freeze funds of chinese financial firms that are also doing business with north korea and have assets in the united states scott snyder always good to get your opinion on these matters thank you very much indeed for your time. i know issue on the agenda at the united nations this week has been alleged abuse by its peacekeepers according to an associated press investigation there have been at least two thousand cases of sexual abuse or exploitation by u.n. peacekeepers over the last twelve years advocacy groups say not enough is being done on malone explains. some of the world's most vulnerable men women and children
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have been raped trafficked and exploited by un peacekeepers who were supposed to be protecting them they've been more than five hundred locations of sexual exploitation or abuse reported in un missions globally since two thousand and ten and since two thousand and fourteen in many cases have been reported in the central african republic the code blue campaign and then go seeking accountability for the abuses says it's found the u.n. had mishandled at least fourteen of those cases in the country including many where the victims were not even interviewed as part of an investigation then there was the child sex trafficking ring set up by shoreline can u.n. peacekeepers in haiti between two thousand and four and two thousand and seven the u.n. can look into whether staff of breach rules but has no jurisdiction over criminal offenses more than one hundred of those sri lankan soldiers were sent home but there's no record of any of them being prosecuted or going to jail this week at un headquarters the sri lankan president was among fifty seven people who've joined
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a new circle of leadership against sex abuse within the un in june a decision was made under pressure from the us to cut un funding by six hundred million dollars and to close twelve missions the secretary general antonio terrace has announced a new push against abuse to root out the problem you're dealing with a problem of the un as a whole we want you dedicate because you do something that isn't acceptable for our organization and they also cannot allow the unspeakable acts of the few diminish the work of dollars of men and women well paul developers of united nations charter often it's a great personal risk and certainly five but in every allegation of abuse there's a person who suffers there are two hundred nine cases involving one hundred seventeen children who are suspected of being abused by human peacekeepers over the last two years more than one harf of those cases are not yet resolved. but as protesters and me and mark have heard petrol bombs at
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a boat carrying vital aid to iraq and state the group was stopped after police fired warning shots humanitarian efforts have also been hampered in bangladesh where the red cross truck carrying food supplies crashed nine people were killed and ten others were injured a military campaign in may a mars rock kind state has forced more than four hundred twenty thousand to flee to bangladesh meanwhile myanmar's army chief has defended his troops actions in iraq and state is encourage buddhists who were displaced by the violence to go home but stopped short of mentioning that muslims. the national races who fled from their native villages need to bank i explained this while. it is important people are living on their own land it is also necessary that if groups are able to take care of those areas we cannot do anything without people there there have been tense scenes in the streets of paris where thousands of people are protesting against president emanuel knuckles labor reforms
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. police used tear gas to disperse crowds out to some the start of throwing rocks and other objects macro months to make it easier for small and medium sized businesses to hire and fire employees the unions say the changes will erode workers' winds. the leader of france's far right national front has vowed to rebuild the party after its deputy quit the loss of flowing all filled pot is a big blow to marine le pen whose party has suffered from bitter infighting phil part quit over policy differences after being demoted by le pen on wednesday night it was responsible for drafting the manifesto for this year's presidential election and was behind the proposal for france to leave the euro zone that has more from paris. well it's not been a good year for marine le pen five months ago she had a good chance of winning the presidential election but she lost and now the cracks are really starting to show in her national front party now there's always been
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a lot of infighting in the party but that's all become a lot more public since the resignation of le pen's right hand man. the flipper was something of a golden boy for the national front he was tossed to dragging the party into the mainstream making it seem more acceptable he tried to clean clean up its extreme image he tried to shift the focus away from issues like immigration and more on things like sovereignty and protectionism but one of the pen lost the election many in the party turned around and said it was his fault that he simply had the wrong strategy and that he had alienated the base supporters what will happen to the national front now remains to be seen by many though all wondering whether or not it will actually slide back to its more hollow droit origins from seventy five dollars a day to seventy five dollars a year that's the price difference in a deal announced at the u.n. to supply a new drug to millions of patients in developing countries aids activists say could
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be an important moment in the fight against the virus the new page reports from johannesburg. bongani and his wife gina looking forward to a long healthy marriage thanks to lifesaving hiv medicines he's excited and even greater drug will be available next year thanks to a multi-million dollar deal announced at the un the deal means a new combination till known as t l d which costs about seventy five dollars a day in the us will be available in other countries for seventy five dollars a year give. our community. and assure it. giving them the assurance that you can move the deal was brokered by the bill and melinda gates foundation and announced at the un is about the quality of medicine but is about equity is about the dignity is about access to
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medicine as a human right the foundation has guaranteed large orders to the makers of generic drugs and india to keep the cost down it could save millions of lives and millions of dollars for the governments who will benefit about half of the world's thirty seven million h.i.b. positive people are already on lifesaving medicine but the number of new infections is increasing and everyone that starts n.t. retroviral zn aids to stay on them for the rest of their lives so the scale of the epidemic is quite staggering. it isn't only the price that will make the new drugs special because it's new it will be more effective than all the drugs to which some people have become resistant but activists are warning it won't just solve the hiv aids epidemic whatever the cost of a medicine however good or medicine you need doctors and nurses and health care workers you need clinics or hospitals to dispense those medicines you need
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counsellors to make sure that the person who is going on to those medicines understands that they must take them that is a challenge in developing countries like south africa where the public health system is under pressure but for the news that a cheaper and better drug is on its way is something to be thankful for turning a page out just there at your hand as burg. two years ago the european union last member states to accept refugees seeking asylum in italy and greece to alleviate the pressure on those countries that relocation scheme is going to end on friday while it was a test of european solidarity just thirty thousand people were actually really hated less than a fifth of the number the e.u. had hoped for. before we go into that report from john psaropoulos let's go live to the united nations general assembly in new york we're expecting the bangladeshi prime minister sheikh hasina to speak let me remind you of a military campaign in myanmar as washington state forced more than four hundred twenty thousand to flee to bangladesh that's here which is going to say.
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on your election as president of the second seventy second session of the general assembly. my delegation assures you of our full support in discharging your priorities on people. peace and planet. so yeah. mr president this is the fourteenth time i address i am addressing the un general assembly and this time i have come here with a heavy heart but i have come here just after seeing the hungry distressed and hopeless writing goes from me on mar who took shelter in the caucasus bazaar. this forcibly displaced people of myanmar are fleeing an ethnic cleansing in their
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own country where they have been living for centuries. i can feel their pain as i along with my younger sister had been a refugee for six years after my father the father of the nation of bangladesh. bunga bundu shake ruckman. and. almost all members of my family were assassinated in one thousand nine hundred seventy five. in one thousand nine hundred seventy four in the first ever address of bangladesh in the us assembly my father by the. man said i know that the souls of our martyrs join us and pledging that the bengali nation fully commits itself to the building of a world order in which the aspirations of all men for peace and
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justice will be realized. mr president we are currently sheltering sheltering over eight hundred thousand forcibly displaced from me on a march. the ongoing atrocities and human rights violations in that iraqi state of me and once again aggravated the situation at the bangladesh myanmar border hundreds of thousands of rohingya go from the wrecking state are entering bangladesh to flee violence as estimated by the iowa and in the last three weeks over four hundred thirty thousand entered bangladesh we are horrified to see that the me and mara thora days are laying landmines along their stretch of the
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border to prevent the routing go from returning to me on mars. these people must be able to return to their homeland in safety security and dignity. at the same time i condemn all kinds of terrorism and violent extremism too. our government maintains a zero tolerance policy in this regard. i thank the members of the security council and also the secretary general for their proactive attempts to stop atrocities and bring in peace and stability in the wrecking state of me and mark. i further call upon the united nations and the international community to take immediate and effective measures for
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a permanent solution to this protracted or hinder crisis in this regard i propose the following actions first me and mar must unconditionally stop the violence and the practice of ethnic cleansing in the backing state immediately and forever second secretary general the united nations should immediately send a fact finding mission to me and mar. third all civilians irrespective of religion and ethnicity must be protected in me and mar. for that safe zones could be created inside me and mar under un supervision for if ensure sustainable return of all forcibly displaced writing goes in bangladesh to their homes in myanmar. fifth the recommendations of coffee and commission report must be immediately implemented unconditionally and in its
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entirety. mr president in the one nine hundred seventy one war of liberation we endured an extreme form of genocide in the nine month long war of liberation against pakistan three million innocent people were killed and more than two hundred thousand women were violated the pakistan military launched a heinous operation searchlight on the twenty fifth of march which was the beginning of the nineteen seventy one genocide the one nine hundred seventy one genocide included targeted elimination of individuals on the grounds of religion race and political belief the intellectuals were killed brutally to pay homage to the victims of the genocide our national parliament recently declared the twenty fifth of march as genocide day.
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in bangladesh we have already undertaken the daunting task of bringing the key perpetrators to justice through the international crimes tribunal i urge the international community to take collective action to prevent recurrence of such heinous crimes anywhere any time i believe recognition of past tragedies like the one nine hundred seventy one genocide would guide us to achieve never again mr president. since our birth as a nation we have pursued peace centric domestic and foreign policies. mr president. as i said before since our birth as a nation we have pursued peace centric domestic and foreign policies with that spirit bangladesh has been taking the lead in tabling the resolution on a culture of peace every year in the general assembly since the year two thousand.
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we reaffirm the call for resuming the middle east process and for ending all forms of hostility and discrimination against the brotherly palestinian people. in recognition of the potential role of the u.n. peace building architecture we look forward to bold and innovative proposals from the secretary general on financing for sustaining peace. i am pleased to announced a token contribution from bangladesh of one hundred thousand u.s. dollars for the un peace building fund. mr president as a major troop and police contributing country bangladesh underscores the importance of upholding effectiveness and credibility of un peacekeeping operations.
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we shall maintain our own capability readiness remain open to further smart pledges . enhance the scope of our peacekeeping training and deploy more female peacekeepers. we maintain a zero tolerance approach to any allegation of sexual exploitation and abuse as an endorser of the voluntary compact on sexual its exploitation and abuse. i have committed myself to the secretary general's circle of leadership to combat this scourge that i am also pleased to announce a token contribution of one hundred thousand us dollars to the victims support fund established for this purpose. mr president
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terrorism and violent extremism have become a major threat to peace stability and development terrorists have no religion belief all race having been a target of a number of terrorist attacks myself i personally empathize with the victims of terrorism and appreciate their need for protection. we denounce the use of religion to justify violent extremism. i have involved families women the youth the media and religious leaders at the community level to offset the spread of violent extremism. in this regard i reiterate my calls first stop supplying arms to the sir terrorist second stop terrorist financing and third settle all international
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disputes peacefully. i also urge the un to address the growing threats emanating from the cyberspace to prevent money laundering terrorist financing and other transnational organized crimes. mr president we believe in bangladesh in promoting safe orderly and regular migration. last year we proposed developing a sound migration governance framework through the global compact on safe orderly and regularly migration. i am pleased that currently the un is delivering on the formation of the compacts for migration and refugees. mr president the paris climate agreement remains our bastion of hope for climate justice by recognizing
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climate vulnerability we are building resilience against the grave impact of climate change so we believe in the potential of the green economy in advancing the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and seas the blue economy. bangladesh has achieved exemplary success in building resilience against floods and other disasters. crop intensification and invention of water resistant crops have helped us achieve self-sufficiency in food we have officially responded to the massive flood that struck the entire south asian south asian region this year. as a member of the high level panel on water i attach high priority to implementing its comprehensive action plan. bangladesh has assured safe access to water for
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eighty seven percent of its population by two thousand and fifteen and we aim for full coverage of access to safe water for our population by twenty thirty. we believe that there are close interfaces between peace and stability and development. we share the conviction that addressing poverty hunger illiteracy unemployment and inequality is crucial it is crucial for building peaceful just and inclusive societies. we are committed to implementing the s d g's. for that our government has adopted the whole of society approach the s.t.g. complement our vision to transform bangladesh into a middle income country by twenty twenty one and a developed one by twenty one forty one.
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even before the adoption of the s. t. g.'s we initiated unique social programs that reflect the themes of the s.t.g. such as active body become our one household one farm or community clinic are shy and the shelter project or digital bangladesh education support women's empowerment education for all social safety net environment protection and investment and development. are voluntary national review presented to the un this year showcased our progress and commitment to achieving the s d g's . in two thousand and sixteen to two thousand and seventeen bangladesh's economy posted a g.d.p. growth rate of over seven point two seven point two four percent and our foreign
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currency reserves reached thirty two point one billion dollars we have brought down the poverty level from fifty six point seven percent in one thousand nine hundred one to twenty three point two percent today our per capita income is expected to grow to one thousand six hundred two dollars by the end of the current fiscal year it was only five hundred forty three us dollars in the year two thousand and five to two thousand and six our life expectancy increased to almost seventy two years. these figures indeed are indications of our inclusive development in which no citizen is left behind to ensure inclusive growth promote investment and employment opportunities for all we have taken the initiative of developing one hundred special economic zones around the country our extensive social safety net work measures give coverage to many vulnerable segments of our population including
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elderly people persons with disabilities victims of domestic violence and vulnerable mothers under economic hardship. a special emphasis has been placed on unlocking the potentials of physically challenged children and people one hundred three service and care centers along with thirty two mobile therapy vans attend to the needs of persons with disabilities including those affected by autism eighteen thousand five hundred community health clinics are being complemented by medical services throughout mobile phone through the use of mobile phones and web cameras in districts and subdistricts. there is now a public primary school in every village of the country. thirty eight thousand three hundred thirty one educational institutions have been equipped with digital laboratories and multimedia classrooms a special emphasis is being given on promoting technical and vocational education and training for young people. mr president our youth are the main movers in
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realizing my vision for a knowledge based digital bangladesh we are working towards creating an environment to allow them to pursue transformative education find decent jobs and turn into truly global citizens. i am happy to announce that bangor bundu satellite one which is our first ever satellite is scheduled to be launched this year on our victory day sixteen december . mr president. to conclude i would like to say. we do not want war we want peace we want people's well being not destruction of humanity we want sustainable development let this be our collective goal. i thank you long live bangladesh thank you.

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