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tv   Inside Story 2018 Ep 30  Al Jazeera  January 31, 2018 10:32am-11:00am +03

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capital sana targeting hit the rebel weapons stores explosions were felt in an area north of the city as coalition forces carried out several raids president say the strikes resulted in flying shells and explosions russian sponsored talks aimed at finding a political solution to the war in syria have ended with the call for elections but the main syrian opposition which boycott at the event in sochi says key demands were ignored no formal agreements have been made. british prime minister theresa may has began a three day visit to china it's aimed at securing a free trade agreement with beijing as the u.k. prepares to leave the european union she's brought along a fifty strong delegation of business leaders from sectors including financial services health care and for a structure. the u.n. children's fund is warning that around sixty thousand children are risk of starvation in north korea but the situation made worse by international sanctions last week the u.s. announced new sanctions on several organizations and people because of korea's
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nuclear and ballistic missile programs unicef says the sanctions are making it harder to get a into that country. those are the headlines the news continues keep it here on al-jazeera inside story is next and then more news. ahead of the september twenty fourth national election survey showed a census divide to the states and their economy this is easily a slow news biggest tech success story the company was bought by microsoft in two thousand and eleven we bring you the stories the economic world we live in counting the cost of this time zero. russia hosts talks to end the war in syria but the main opposition stays away and others are suspicious russia is the biggest back of syrian president bashar al assad so can it play fact or will it simply enforce it's only vision of peace this is inside story. the at
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me the it was. hello there and welcome to the program i'm laura cairo a new round of negotiations to saddle the syrian conflict is being held in the russian resort of sochi but moscow may have a hard time convincing the wilds it can act as an honest broker russian military might has helped tip the nearest seven year long war into the syrian president's favor the main opposition is boycott of the talks the western powers say sochi could undermine efforts in geneva which is backed by the united nations and as roy hallums reports from such a these latest talks have already got off to a rocky start. the saatchi congress almost on ravel before it had even begun with a group of turkish backed opposition figures arriving in sochi airport in the early hours of this morning seeing lots of syrian government flags all over the place and
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sided in deciding that they were going to go home unless these were change q lots of to ing and fro ing between the russian foreign ministry and the turkish foreign ministry to sort this out the upshot was that those delegates did go back to where they came from but they handed their author a t. to turkish government representatives to bring to the dialogue here in sochi it's been a perennial problem really for all the various stages of syria peace negotiations to try and get to the disparate opposition groups buy into it and get on board the problem that many of them have with sorting particularly is they feel that this is a way for moscow and damascus damascus to push its agenda on the syrian resolution squeezing out the opposition voices they say that basically if this channels directly into geneva which is going to be the ultimate settlement for syria then that is probably ok what they don't want to happen is for russia to try
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and side tracked a need for russia for its part has always said that that is a fallacy it has every intention that this is going to push into geneva and just kick start that process once again. well russia is a longtime ally of the syrian president bashar al assad supplying his government with almost as the earliest stages of the war the russian military directly intervened in september two thousand and fifteen launching airstrikes against opposition positions that suborder helped syrian government forces to key victories the following year including the capture of opposition stronghold of aleppo parallel to un efforts in geneva russia has initiated this same peace talks the first two in the catholic capitalist ana and three rounds later they are in russia in such a but what are the prospects for progress. well as discussed that point now with our guests and joining us here in doha we've got more on carville and he's director
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of policy analysis at the doha institute for graduate studies in moscow pavel felgenhauer columnist with. and in dubai via skype dr masson a syrian opposition member a very warm welcome to all of you thanks for joining us on inside story so pawel we've got these geneva talks which were led by the un we've got a standard talks which were led by russia and turkey why do we now need such she talks. well this was seen and planned as a kind of grand conference that would give the ultimate authority to the russian vision of the future of syria and the kind of a solid the farai of the russian. turkish reigne and access in imposing a solution on syria that these three countries want and for russia of course the
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presence of turkey is a suppression important because turkey is most work with the key right now in the entire russian policy in the region ok as a new member of the s.n.c. why you know there. i would never go to sochi because. this is not and utra place this is an occupier who is killing children and civilians in the thousands and supporting a war criminal who used chemical weapons where they raped women as a weapon to make rebels surrender their rapes continue it was on france do with a documentary that was on fortunately only aired in france but we are busy translating it and sending it even to the russian people we have no problem with the russian people or iranian people or american people it's always a problem with politicians and extremists including the jewish people we have no
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problem of them we have a problem with the extremists xanthus policies of never and you know so we would never go to a mickey mouse conference where they invited sixteen hundred people for a one day of talks that's point two seconds per person nobody is going to be able to talk it's just a place to. cement the interest of russia and pretending it's a and honest broker when it is not its interest is in supporting assad so that it's forty nine year lease on the military base and the taking of the oil from syria cetera and the prestige that putin is getting now that is on the world stage that's one of the key factors in the u.k. apparel how much does it matter to putin that k. opposition members are not at sochi. well it's unfortunate that the opposition come
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it's also unfortunate the kurds are not there but of course of their conflict right now with their the ground but for russia as i already said that turkey is right now the most important player russian the whole incursion into syria was to survive the base in the mediterranean sea bass that we already had but now it's being expanded and much more strategically more important airbase in mamy him and of course russia has supported the assad regime not just simply assad per se but as a kind of stabilized syria stabilizing factor in syria that will provide the russian bases with a good backup but all this russian activity in the mediterranean and the middle east its main objective has been i mean it's an old strategic russian game or
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a gold strategic goal to control the straits of the black sea straits for centuries russia wanted to have either to folk and throw or a friendly regime there and mediterranean forces to plug up this these traits in times of war that nato doesn't come through and so now turkey which seems to be in conflict increasingly with the united states and with the west in general pulling it away from nato and from the united states even to some degree would be the jackpot of russian efforts in syria so that trumps everything else the syrian opposition even the asaad regime ok mon do you agree with that that such a talks to last about finding a peaceful solution or a political solution to syria more about russia's care policy. well i think i mean of course i mean you can't bring fifteen hundred people and put them in one place and ask them to negotiate that is not how negotiations actually work but i believe
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that president without right now at this particular stage is desperate to translate his military victory in syria into a political one he's having presidential elections like two months from now and he would like very much actually to capitalize on his when in syria in order to. have a very big. election election victory but this is not going to be an easy task for him because the americans in my opinion are having now. more strategy more clear strategy in syria we have. secretary of state. a couple fifths ago giving this very important speech in their home for the center in stanford university california in which he said that the united states will be staying actually militarily in syria and that it will not actually withdraw from syria as it did from iraq in two thousand and eleven and it will not actually leave
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syria after the defeat of eisel to the iranians and he was actually talking about how to use the u.s. military presence in the east and north part of syria in forcing some sort of a political solution to the syrian conflict apart from the russian one because the russians are russians are trying to impose their own vision. bashar assad in power but because they're like bashar al assad as has said but because actually they believe that bashar assad in fact got a lot of interest geopolitical interest in this and this bought off of the world so . in my opinion conference light now might be turned into another. beast process in syria because as you said we have geneva we have and now we are having sochi so i sat down at. she was designed from the very beginning to deal with military issues the cease fire that the escalation zones and so on and so
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forth. right now sochi is going to be dealing with more political issues like the quest a jewish and the elections and and and the likes so now we are having a field actually process which makes things even much more complicated for them. to kick place in syria because we can see some sort of a competition between these different processes in fact the americans they want very much to focus on the americans i'm talking here about france but in. jordan and saudi arabia who actually came up with the no paper paper the other day talking about their vision of the political. that is through the book or the such and the in my opinion the pressure on the main syrian opposition not to go to sochi because going to suit you will be actually giving a legitimacy to suit. something that americans the french and the british actually
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also the arab allies jordan saudi arabia they don't want to see that. but if political issues are on the table at such a which they appear to be does it not concern you and other opposition groups of boycotts said that you are not that to be a pos of that process whatever it may be we know that the agenda is not. the right one they invited sixteen hundred fifteen hundred of which are people inside syria who are either from the baath party or from the security agencies they are they are not the opposition they are pretending they are covering every ethnicity and every group and every interest and every city in syria this is true but they selected all those who are puppets and pro-government they are not of opposition so the opposition is diluted way so much that they are it's
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insignificant so whether we go or not we know the outcome the outcome is going to be something that assad and russia wants the the the war in syria will never end until russia versus america decide who won or quit fighting russia is and turkey are now a line because they are fighting for. the turks now are with russia because they want to stop that's for them drums every interest this is their national interest and america on the other hand would like to divide syria where as russia wants it to stay or one country so in that sense we like the russian agenda but the turks and the russians want to stop right now the turks but the kurds whereas america is pushing the kurds because they want the kurds to be used against turkey
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and limiting its power and dividing syria because that ensures that their way of bases and this they will stay forever and taking the oil in syria and it is good for israel's security to divide and destroy the country so until one or the other settles they either say forget it we're not going to be able to go in to use the kurds and they give up the americans or the turks lose and will i would have loved to see the free syrian army supported by somebody nobody has been supporting it because it is some solution that does not involve religion unfortunately turkey which will and ever gan who has sympathy to the plight of the syrian people for him the number one issue is the kurdish issue and he is sort.
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also the islamization of the revolution the revolution started with a call for freedom ok the i just want to pick up a lot of it that you made about turkey there and just as put that to pervert because of he said that turkey was a key player the most important at the table but many commentators do say they agree with masm that turkey's key concern now is the kurds and it's mainly wanting to see that border area cleared of kurdish fighters and it's not so interested in the rest of syria. well for russia it's important that the kurds and the americans are right now to some extent at least heads and russia sees a lot of possibilities arising from that and also russian special forces special service officers have been working and very much in for some time in syria in the center of pacification trying to work out agreements or different
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syrian fractions basically moscow would want to see the opposition as much as it is being under one kind of weed or ship or some entity that they can use and we negotiate with and if the turks can terry covert the opposition they already control parts of it and recent where the ground of saying about turkey taking over control not only of the border area but those surveyed leep province which is right now the main leftover of what the opposition controls inside syria so russia would want to see of course turkey being in charge sort of the patron of the opposition in the lead in the north and then russia can negotiate directly with turkey over the heads of the syrian opposition and that's much better than negotiating and trying to find deals with the very splintered syrian opposition forces but one is
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russia interested in being a patron of rebels and let. turkey turkey turkey is in fact having a very important leverage over a very important part of the syrian opposition because those people actually who are now taking part in sochi or have actually traveled to sochi last night actually they were they left from ankara from turkey which means that there has been some pressure on them by the turkish government not about submit and in sochi because as we all know today there has been disorder of bargain between between the russians and the turks and we should the russians be allowed the turkish army to enter syria and who started this all of branch operation against the kurdish forces in in exchange for putting bashar on the syrian opposition or at least part of the city opposition to participate in sochi so we have seen in sochi to be. the major
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military factions syrian factions of the north a ticking bought in so in fact yes i mean turkey is a major part of the syrian opposition or important part of the syrian opposition both military and the military and the political one which actually have access and they have support of the turkish or the turkish government but after all we don't we shouldn't be forgetting actually that. the president. and when we talk about him i mean he's he's clearly the president of the turkish republic and he was elected actually to take care of the interest of the of the turkish republic of the interests of his own country not the interests of the syrian people so we have been seeing this shift and changes in turkish foreign policy towards the syrian conflict from from the first to the from the early stages of this conflict in which he was actually calling for president bashar assad to step down and until then there are stages in which he actually started to become their hopes more interested actually in containing the core dish issue in the north of syria let's move on what do you
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think u.n. special envoy if there is that hundred missed or is doing in sochi what's his. well i think he's trying to capitalize on this meeting in sochi because the installer believes that if he can actually channel that that the outcome of the sochi conference because after all he believes that russia is a very important part of this discount flecked and is also a very important part of of solving this this this this crisis so in one hand he's saying actually to abuse the russians to. try to risk you the whole project of sochi because had he not participated it would have been very in in my been a very big slap on the fears for for the russians so he went there on the one hand to take the russians well i'm trying to help you actually do something with this so you have to to to give to give something in return is number for the geneva process
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of course and number two is he's trying actually took everything lies as a said on that and any outcome that might come out of the sochi because in sochi the people there are going to talk about almost the same issues that the talks of geneva are actually focusing on two things here the constitutions and the elections so if something happens in suits that could actually help them in geneva that would be good for him also to. exploit that is that not a fair point that sochi could make some progress that convent be carried to geneva and help break the stalemate of those talks. well what will come out is that if if we put sort she as a prerequisite to move on to geneva fine let breast let who don't have electricity etc but at the end of the day nobody believes that sort she is illegitimate plays an illegitimate process but let's get over it sort she so that we get to geneva and
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the misery of the syrian people unfortunately the there are so many agendas and the least of everybody's agenda is the plight of refugees and the plight of the people at cetera and hopefully the turkish invasion or incursion into syria will end within north fly zone that allows the two million drive in and the refugees in in camps in southern turkey to move on and live their lives the ultimate would be of course a peaceful solution but until those agendas are worked out i don't see any solution anytime soon ok and until frankly the usa decided to to end it and have it stronger or leaving the whole thing to russia is not good and to turkey is not good because dorothy is is not accepted by the gulf states because
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of its support the muslim brotherhood and it's not it's the place for the syrian opposition who are the islamists a small fraction and the america needs to be involved instead of it's not going up and the love that people have that their point is that that that many people are not involved they're not happy to see russia as an honest broker they just simply don't see it as an honest broker but it does reflect the reality on the ground that russia iran and the government damascus assad have the upper hand. and so therefore that reality reflected in sochi is that they're able to lead the process here. the reality on the ground of course has changed a lot in the past year but the this does not. mean peace there indeed as it was already just said very differing agendas around in
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syria and the diminishing of the climate state which went into underground those of course exists there in the underground does not did not bring kind of solution actually it brought more problems as the other agendas are now cooperating and there is also the problem of israel of iran and. his interests which are maybe more with iran than with russia because russia is an ally with israel and now i would side but asad and israel and israel and iran are not allies at all their enemies so these co-writing agendas right now in syria may create even more war than there was before when there was a uniting kind of enemy the state and now there isn't. unfortunately momi have run out of time we could do
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a whole nother program on this i'm sure we will so many thanks to all of you for joining us today on inside story. on kabul and most capable for going to and ended by dr mussen salah. many thanks to you tube for watching the program again any time by visiting our website is al-jazeera dot com of a discussion to go to our facebook bases facebook dot com for slash a.j. inside story is going to say also join the conversation on twitter at a.j. inside story from a laura call an old saying here let's buy and i. never get this risk. but nothing can stop them in their tracks chasing the american dream escaping poverty but the route is their only option and their hope
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