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tv   Iraq After The Americans  Al Jazeera  February 12, 2018 9:00am-10:01am +03

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the workplace bus us cheryl is defying expectations but will it make life more difficult for opec counting the cost at this time on al-jazeera in india five million children have genius level i.q. but most live in poverty and go undiscovered when he's means two child geniuses fighting for their chance to shine at this time without his era. hello i'm down jordan in doha with a quick reminder of the top stories here on al-jazeera investigators in russia say they're looking at all possible causes as the hunt for clues begins into why a plane crashed soon after takeoff near moscow or seventy one people on board were killed were challenge reports. the answer no their lineout with sixty five passengers and six crew on board came down four minutes after it took off in bad
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weather conditions wreckage was scattered across snowy fields near the village of going over eighty kilometers southeast of moscow rescue teams were unable to reach the crash site by road and walked to the scene. i saw an explosion on the ground and i called emergency services they asked me many questions i told them there was a fire it was very visible and the debris of the plane is spread over radios of at least one kilometer investigators are using modern equipment taking into consideration the large territory there using quite a couple hours to get a view from the air the short hole set a lot of airlines jet took off from moscow's dumb idea to airport early sunday afternoon on its way to the city of or sq in the urals most of the sixty five passengers on board were from the region at the airport their family and friends of those on board the flight began to wait for news with little hope that anyone had
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survived. we have found a breeze from an a n one for a plane and bodies of stupid hymns. to show us the most important thing now is the organized collection of debris in the remains of the victims by ministry of emergency situations workers transport to authorities soon confirmed everyone in the plane had died russia has suffered two major air crashes in recent years in december two thousand and sixteen a t u one five four military aircraft crashed into the black sea with the loss of ninety two people it was blamed on pilot error in october two thousand and fifteen a russian air bus crashed in egypt's sinai peninsula killing all two hundred twenty four people on board i still said it placed a bomb in the aircraft. right to me putin has canceled a trip to sochi which was show jeweled for monday he was due to meet the palestinian leader mahmoud abbas now that meeting will now take place in moscow
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from where putin will monitor the investigation investigators have found a flight recorder from the plane and this will be crucial in determining why this relatively new aircraft came promising out of the sky various causes are being considered including pilot error bad weather conditions or perhaps something else really chalons al-jazeera moscow in a rare criticism of israel u.s. president donald trump has questions its commitment to peace with the palestinians in an interview with an israeli newspaper he says israel's settlements in the occupied west bank are complicating the peace process and the u.s. vice president says washington is open to talks with north korea mike pence made the comments to the washington post as he was returning from seoul where he avoided direct contact with the north korean delegation attending the peelings china lympics. iraq is hoping to raise billions of dollars at
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a donor's conference due to start in kuwait to fund reconstruction after its war with i so an estimated one hundred billion dollars on needed to rebuild cities and infrastructure but many iraqis doubt that money raised at the conference will ever reach them. who are the. everyone here is rebuilding their shop with their own money no one has received any money from the government or anybody else no one has given us any compensation and they won't be any either with. the british foreign secretary as a man miles leader and sang suchi to allow the un to supervise the return everything to refugees boris johnson made the plea to the visiting displaced muslim villages in rakhine state and refugee camps in the bangladesh. a new york state's attorney general has filed a lawsuit against the weinstein company alleging it's failed to protect its employees against disgraced former c.e.o. harvey weinstein is one of hollywood's most influential producers for more than seven to the woman accused him of sexual misconduct into the rape which he denies also stalled the sale of the company but those were the headlines the news
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continues here on al-jazeera after rewind statement that's a little laugh at. hello and welcome once again to rewind i'm come on santa maria in the decade or so since the start of al-jazeera english back in two thousand and six we've broadcast hundreds of moving powerful documentaries and here on rewind we are revisiting some
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of the best of them and looking at how the story has moved on today where rewinding to two thousand and twelve when fault lines sebastian walker returned to iraq to assess the state of the nation after the withdrawal of u.s. troops that was supposed to be the end of nine years of occupation following the downfall of saddam hussein since that time of course iraq has had to endure chaos in the wake of the rise of eisel a government widely seen as exacerbating think tarion divides and the virtual destruction of cities like mosul in the attempt to drive thought out in retrospect said walker's film is an. extraordinary snapshot of a moment in time a very personal journey through a devastated land with hopes of a better life and merging from the ashes hopes that were to be cruelly dashed from two thousand and twelve his fault lines iraq after the americans.
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it's been five years since i was last in iraq. back then coalition troops were still deployed in the southern city of basra the military has left but many of the british soldiers who are based here have stayed on. this time they're here for the money. business is booming for their clients to iraq is pumping record amounts of oil and production contracts to develop the country's massive southern oil fields. to foreign companies. many tell you. if. you think you know. why a. little. country company come here. china's national petroleum corporation has partnered with british giant b.p.
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to develop the remaining oil fields the largest in iraq. newly arrived chinese oil workers and other foreign employees meet their security details in this complex. to a private security escort is still obligatory and this is. the first city to fall in the two thousand and three u.s. led invasion. i came here that summit to report on protests against the lack of electricity. today there isn't much improvement in the basic services people were protesting for nine years ago last rest still suffers power cuts. unemployment also is widespread here almost a quarter of people under thirty don't have jobs. and while there are signs of new
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money flowing in the cost of living is rising fast. oh my god i need to do what i think of the place. them in the. place where you can see that's a look at what is at the mall and then michelle can always find a second community in that budget has shot up for nine years union leader. has fought to keep iraq's oil wealth flowing to iraqis not just to foreign companies iraq's deputy prime minister for energy says that the deals the government has signed with foreign investors are reaping rewards we have already increased our production to three million barrels per day and during this it will add another. half a million or more better the president so the progress is there. but despite record outputs of this frustration the company's developing the fields importing labor. and that there is no meaningful legislation to protect iraqi jobs.
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and that it isn't to be affected and it is called hobart and to be i'm in this mind that i'm on you might talk about this is your government but you could be and that is that and that. i lash out and i wanted to. get. saddam he says it was the u.s. decision to dismantle iraq's army and national industries in the name of the both a vacation that caused widespread unemployment. and created a launch pool of angry men ready to take up arms. from basma we joined north toward men jaf. along the road lined with symbols that commemorates a battle lost and injustice done. the same a trio of want to yell solemn of peace surrounds the city. it is possibly the
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longest burial ground in the won't and the final resting place to which many shia aspire. the scale of this place is say breathtaking for fourteen centuries shia from all over the world have been bringing that they had to be buried head it's so immense that in that job they say that since he is fall for the living and haul for the dead. in two thousand and four the serenity of the valley of peace was violated . that spring finds his loyal to mactire around the side of the son of one of iraq's most revered shia clerics for u.s. forces in baghdad and the holy cities of karbala. and here in the jaffa but up up e.g.o.'s this movie as. i landed here. destroyed everything. at the beginning of august trying to root out sand as mud the army and take control of man john u.s.
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marines invaded the cemetary. well been taken into a part of the graveyard where you can actually see the destruction from the fighting that took place in two thousand and four there's r.p.g. holes in the walls some of these graves are completely destroyed a member speaking to iraqis at the time who simply couldn't believe that things had to tarry to such an extent that this one of the most holy and sacred sites in all of iraq had turned into a battleground between the mahdi army and the americans. hundreds of monte finds his dined in the battle. in a new section of the cemetery built for sound his followers killed in the uprisings and sectarian violence that the u.s. led occupation provoked. families come to honor their dead. governments. so much. no one knows how many iraqis have been killed since the invasion. the mits range from more than one hundred fifty thousand to over
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a million. for years the u.s. claims not to keep a body count. but there are some six thousand graves in this cemetery learn where the grief seems impossible to bury. early shock a saddam's mother died during the violence in two thousand and four his brother is buried here in the section reserved for those killed by u.s. forces. and of course we are. in the huddle too little to follow from the front of allah to call for. a new look in the heart a lot of be. unmovable. i thought and i don't know what i thought enough. these were the people the u.s. military expected to welcome them. but they soon made enemies of people like allie and his family. what.
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but then. if i thought i should be. ok if it's. ok for. a living a job it could be him in america they think this is over. here. who. think. that you don't want to. his followers listens to him deliver some of his most incendiary sermons against the occupation here in his base in the nearby city of coup for. now santa spends much of his time in iran and on this friday he isn't here but the message is political populist and doesn't shy away from criticizing the government
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in baghdad. well there is if yeah it was you know there was and there was you're here where here you are here for the sermon addresses the deepening conflict between iraqi prime minister nouri al maliki's party and opposition blocs that has virtually paralyzed parliament for months was there a sheet where he was. over the years santa has cultivated the image of an independent champion of the dispossessed shia who make up his base. and he's transformed himself from a leader of a militia into the leader of a political party an important one on which maliki reliance to maintain power. for years saddam hussein had banned public celebrations of shia festivals and limits of the flow of iranian pilgrims to man jack. now the pilgrims and tourists
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are back prompting a booming trade in hotel developments. and there are unconfirmed reports that iran is planning to spend a billion dollars to refurbish the showing off the decades of being victims the shia majority in iraq have emerged the victim is. a shia who now holds the top post of prime minister and commander in chief and government positions are distributed according to ethnic and sectarian quotas. the new balance of power in iraq has raised fears that iran's influence is growing both in baghdad and here in the jafo. ayatollah ali al sistani is the top spiritual guide for iraqi shia and the leader of the school of clerics that go on to try and . keep ation he demanded the us organize direct elections while opposing
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iranian style theocratic governance. system is eighty one years old and there are reports that iran is campaigning to have one of their ayatollah succeed him. in iraq these days regional ambitions run like undercurrents reshaping the country. but over the past nine years political violence has literally refashioned the landscape. i haven't been back to back that in about five years marnie just entering the city but immediately the first thing that strikes you as you drive in is one thing that's really changed these walls. baghdad is battle scarred and sectioned off by blast walls that were raised first around government ministries and military bases then around hotels filled with foreigners and then the sectarian attacks escalated around neighborhoods. the
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city was reconfigured is iraqis fled mixed areas for the relative safety of religious and ethnic lee homogenously enclaves. harboring the wounds and stories of the bloodshed the occupation unleashed many remain there protected by concrete walls checkpoints and each other. more than one point three million people across iraq a still displaced. and in baghdad almost half a million remain in camps like this one on the edge of the shia neighborhood of cademy. sit on us one another. abu said john's family was living in town near a sunni neighborhood north of baghdad where resistance to the occupation was fierce . al qaeda also found a home there as it too. it is somewhat of. a shame when the family fled they left everything behind
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and squatted here. and although they live in constant fear of eviction they say they can't return to tommy. yet and that he had to step. it. up but that had. that as a. bout with. a life. in the sunni neighborhood of gaza where they came to escape threats from the mahdi army in two thousand and six hundred ninety five and a mother in law struggling to care for their household including his two kids. like almost one in ten women in iraq they are widows. and it's husband hussein was killed by u.s. forces during a raid on the markets in two thousand and five. she had just learned she was pregnant with their second child a book about the. mahdi and shimmered neighbors total can have been almost.
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on a hard time. aside moment i've met that also got a little bit to the. diameter of the thought of how to take the bad suck out of that i want to but i don't want to go to gets me home by saturday i'm on cyber attack and having no money. two years later as monday is second son nuri was killed in a miniature attack the family lost another breadwinner and bureaucracy has made it difficult for them to get the support payment the government extends to widows or so there is a reference to the no harm no money i'm not sure none of them must have been so good some of them how cool mom had to say on my times when you're not i don't know how come i am and have been begun to notice you know not to us ahead of us out of a shot of the day. that was. but as you became another i was that is
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that i that i said that. chatting with what they will as you were telling me. what i wanted to run on you and your innocence tied to manage the new model no i had a photo message you home on i had gotten to the first seven of us at nationals it's going to make. the other then homeless. and then would you have a career and then who must i do it for couldn't be joe you cool i'm going to up that no no no i'm one up of nothing in common you might add the only child would you have a shout. about how to we could help in a song try soon maybe last spent seven months seen us custody at abu ghraib prison and more than a year and a half an hour the us run detention camps. he has testified to us military investigators that abu ghraib he was stripped and paraded naked with
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a sack over his head dressed in women's underwear cuffed and hung from a window frame for hours when he asked to pray and beaten into unconsciousness did the been. there herman. how many did it. feel good and i thought i had a little so on with. them and i didn't get the. money he says it was part of u.s. interrogators strategy is they trying to quell resistance that the u.s. terms terrorism or detaining people across the country especially those from sunni areas. as much. you know. over the past year human rights groups have reported that iraqi government security forces have conducted sweeps preemptively arresting hundreds of
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people detaining and sometimes torturing them in secret prisons inside the international zone some of the same people who were detained by the americans and were accused of being terrorists then many live in sunni areas in and around baghdad from where armed groups still orchestrate attacks. the government says there are no secret prisons i could say that there is no secret detention so we will come now he will not arise for amnesty organization and united nation organization to come and check and to find out whether there is a secret detention center and. out but the arrests have fueled the perception in communities like this one that the government is targeting them much like u.s. forces used to. we've come for friday prayer in and i'm in. a sunni neighborhood that for many years was an important center of anti occupation
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resistance. getting here hasn't been easy and we currently being stopped from getting access to the main mosque anatomy or by a police checkpoint further down the street our soldiers through our security guards currently negotiating with them to get approval for something we already have approval to do. and when. no one here is willing to speak to us. people here are definitely scared to speak on camera they're saying that if they talk to us they think they'll be arrested down the line and we've now been told that we're not allowed to film anywhere outside the compound around that the main mosque the guards have taken down the details of our security guards and said that if we go outside that gates and stop filming will be arrested. i kind of many people the deputy prime minister asylum looked like tells us that the fear we felt in and amir is warranted he receives frequent reports that those arrested face extortion by security forces when that again to go to the trial they have to pay
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money in order to work through that otherwise than what they would like with their will is their what i love ten years. as the sunni deputy prime minister with temporarily suspended shortly off the u.s. troops withdrew in december and off that he called prime minister maliki a dictator that i cannot be abandoned by one one one. especially when it was raised on sectarianism but there are many political parties that exist there were elections held here there are ministries controlled by different ministers and this isn't a dictatorship who is it and they get a minister over the fence or is that only the minister of interior who is not only of intelligence who is the only go all the security department so there this country. next destination is the only city in iraq where victory celebrations were held as the last u.s. soldier left the country. protested the u.s.
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military presence in their city from the beginning of the occupation. and when the mutilated bodies of four american contractors were strung up on this bridge across the euphrates in two thousand and four baluchis fate was sealed. what followed with two of the largest assaults of the entire war with u.s. marines using devastating firepower to bombard the city into submission. the bloody campaigns had a profound effect on the residents of fallujah. needs to be on the. list but you know. i don't like. being told that these graves are actually for people who are still dying as a result of the fighting that happened back in two thousand and four these are the graves of babies who died having birth defects and other diseases. nine year old cannot speak eat all walk on his own. his two younger siblings are
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buried in what's called martyrs cemetery i'm going to die i'm going to hit you and all of us i'm going to. let. you know what i said was done it. like what does your dad. when he was born just months after the u.s. led invasion seemed healthy. but after the siege of two thousand and four doctors diagnosed him with brain atrophy. there's no question in his father's mind as to the cause. was out of. the wire. in with an oh i don't want to. be either one of them harlem in new orleans how many parents dread the future that lies ahead for him here in fallujah.
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what makes this moment this era we're living for so unique all this is really an attack on truth itself is a lot of misunderstanding a distortion even of what free speech is supposed to be about that context is hugely important level right above the ship it out to be offensive or provocative or whatever it is people do setting the stage for a serious debate up front at this time on al-jazeera. i think one of our biggest strengths is that we talk to normal everyday people we get them to tell their stories and doing that really reveals the truth people are still gathered outside these gates waiting for any information most of them don't know whether their loved ones are alive or dead or miami really is a nice word to the world's me we can get to washington d.c. two hours we can get on jurists in the rest of central america at about the same time but more importantly is where those two cultures north and south america bits
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of strategic very important place for al-jazeera to be. a young so miley refugee thrilled to gain us residency in twenty sixteen. there was a lucky too good to hear i was a really really good answered my prayer but with anti immigrant sentiment under the trump presidency al-jazeera world ask sally was whether his american dream is still alive. in america at this time on al-jazeera. and hundred forty twelve on the i j z the u.s. and british companies have announced the biggest discovery of natural gas in west africa but what to do with these untapped natural resources is already a source of heated debate nothing much has changed they still spend most of their days looking forward to for the dry riverbed tonight case one five years on the syrians still feel battered for even those who managed to escape their country
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haven't truly been able to escape the war. al-jazeera. and free. hello i'm daryn jordan in doha with a quick reminder of the top stories here on al-jazeera investigators in russia say they're looking at all possible causes as the hunt for clues begins into why a plane crashed soon after takeoff from an airport in moscow old seventy one people on board were killed. in a rare criticism of israel u.s.
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president donald trump has questioned its commitment to peace with the palestinians in an interview with an israeli newspaper he says israel's settlements in the occupied west bank are complicating the peace process the u.s. vice president says washington is open to talks with north korea like and made the comments to the washington post as he was returning from seoul where you have avoided direct contact with a north korean delegation was attending the winter olympics. iraq is hoping to raise billions of dollars at a donor's conference due to start in kuwait to fund reconstruction after its war with eisel an estimated one hundred billion dollars is needed to rebuild cities and infrastructure destroyed in the three year conflict but many iraq is down to the money raised at the conference will never reach the. full your who are the. everyone here is rebuilding their shop with their own money no one has received any money from the government or anybody else no one has given us any compensation and
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they won't be any either with. the british foreign secretary has urged me and must lead a young son suchi to allow the un to supervise the return of range of refugees or is johnson made the plea to visiting displaced villages in rakhine state and refugee camps in bangladesh he says suchi appears to be out of touch with the reality on the ground oxfam's facing new allegations that it stopped use prostitutes in the african nation of chad in two thousand and six it follows growing criticism for the way it handled accusations of sexual misconduct by its workers in haiti with a child he was working in the aftermath of the twenty ten earthquake its own investigation led to four people being fired and the resignation of three others. new york state's attorney general has found in the lawsuit against the weinstein company alleging it failed to protect its employees against disgraced former harvey weinstein seventeen women accused on the purchase of sexual misconduct including he denies the allegations but also stole the plan set of the company for half
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a billion dollars well those were the headlines that let's get you back to rewind statute that's a much lighter. in the neonatal ward of general hospital dr samir a lonnie has grown used to seeing babies born with cancers and congenital malformation but has as you know one hundred four fingers not one to missing. same jasim is twenty four days old during the siege in two thousand and four a mother so dear was living in a village on flu just outskirts this is why i say you should have more and more serious cases like many residents of fallujah lonny fled the worst of the fighting in two thousand and four. when she returned she and her colleagues were immersed in treating the injuries and trauma in its wake then they started seeing a new crisis and the incidence of but they think not as
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a way to see before. we are facing this effects nearly daily. now she documents every case she sees. she has hundreds of pictures and video clips saved on her laptop of newborns with cleft palates be formed limbs cancers and launched and after a few brains going to have to the top of the list of a lot of difference. have many many cases of. difference the misshapen hearts are harder to detect and those babies are often miscarried stillborn or die shortly after birth. in a year long survey alone he conducted at the hospital she found one hundred forty seven incidence of congenital malformation one thousand births. about five times the international norm. and in another study she and her colleagues found higher
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than normal levels of enriched uranium and mercury in the hair of parents of children born with congenital malformation and cancers how do you explain that something happened. as you know you're going it was not present in their kids' toys and not. they didn't buy it by the from the shops that something happened in the city where everybody knows what happened in the theater actually we need more investigations we need our d.n.a. has to be examined our chromosomes have to be examined you know what happened in japan after hiroshima. what happened here is after that study by study lonnie is trying to confirm beyond a shadow of a doubt what people in fallujah convinced is true that there's a causal link between the weapons used by u.s.
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forces in two thousand and four the amounts of uranium in their bodies and the alarming rise in numbers of sick and malformed children here my personal experience although i don't want to talk about it is so harmful. but one of my brothers have lost two kids because of i know these. the year after the two thousand and ten two thousand and eleven. off to the us assault on fallujah many of the foreign fighters fled north and set up camp in the city of mosul. or used to live there until al kind of linked groups moved in. while the violence has dropped significantly from its peak in two thousand and six civilian casualty rates across iraq are on the rise again. since i left in two thousand and four mosul has been under siege from car bombings and assassinations of government officials. governor i feel i knew jay feels
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pre-disaster was killed in one of those attacks will people know why he blames the americans for moses plight and he says it's taking on new dimensions that american met sellable mystic in the uk not just bought a car identified he but also in the open here told gulf on iraq. leave iraq but they give iraq to iran. and to iraq like this. if not the americans here knew jeff he says his forces have made great strides to rid his city of al qaeda i thought than the. need. in the. one that men knew how would and your show and maha wolf. a with a high def it was a one a what up. on earth. but
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with armed police a school to get us to our next destination it's clear that fear still remains mosul streets are eerily quiet and this is a sense that the violence for which the city is notorious is never far away. the family i'm about to meet protected me from that violence and this is the first time out of seamen since their youngest son and the reuters photographer whose work is on exhibit here was killed by u.s. soldiers. you see i want to hear. what you feel when you hear that right i mean it's still. it's very sad still have outs. i was in doha. we saw the story. a pair on the reuters wire. so i called you i think at that time and i asked you to call not be able because i couldn't go through it and i think it was in syria yes
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maybe. now me is older brother now below was in charge of the reuters operation in mosul we used to be a team the three of us traveled around together reporting on the growing insurgency timing mosen streets into a bloodbath. two thousand and three doesn't follow it's good yeah look like that now and nothing not like in their two thousand something very difficult to believe that the amazon and just went. starting to have it right there but i think you saved me your head. as the situation deteriorated and the man was moved from mosul but he continued to document life under occupation and the violence that had unleashed. more of the sort of the. the study from the airlock. and just.
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when. i said what's that to john when the. model. one of. the. well i. just came. for the. sword and to me that's it but that. would be. within three years to me and was killed by u.s. forces in baghdad. his death captured forever on video shot by the us military and eventually leaked to the public by wiki leaks. and then. yes he was started running. to get fired. i mean.
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more than. then he was going. to america sure i had to be. i mean i have. kind of you had had this. less than an and was drawing the notion of iraq as one fan is now disintegrating. the prospects of kurdish autonomy has been a phone line cutting across the north since iran's food has been drawn but when i was based here it still at least looked like the same country now it looks like a different planet and that seems to be the master plan of the kind of. massive foreign investments and regenerate. in an infrastructure projects transforming the way these cities look. kurdish leaders. regional governments when a u.s.
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sponsored no fly zone was set up. and they welcomed u.s. forces during the two thousand and three invasion. in the years that followed washington lavished political and financial support kurdish leaders billing the region as tomorrows iraq today an example of how a liberated iraq could look. so if there's one place where the u.s. can be proud of its legacy in iraq it should be here. and on the surface at least the future seems brighter than ever. it's a bit surreal to see the architecture transformed and major international chains selling goods at western prices and it doesn't entirely make sense most iraqi kurds only around four hundred dollars a month these malls are full of people but it seems like those actually doing the shopping on cards from this region it's iraq our bank the rest of the country
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tourists who come in turkey and even iran. influence may be expanding in the south turkey's footprint here is growing by the day thirty rock has become turkey's second largest trading partner most of that trade is with the kurdish region. off the years of animosity economic potential seems to have won out over turkey's antagonism toward iraqi kurds and their dream of independence and the kurds appear to have found a new patron. from constructing the roads to rebuilding the souk signs of the deepening ties are everywhere. the turkish company building on this site has some of the biggest contracts with the municipal authorities. but ninety percent of the workers here from turkey. so not everyone is feeling the benefits of those boom.
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among them. that i can. remember them. is now than it was. you know the same. than i'm. standing. now. that. the kurds have always been strong supporters of their own political leaders in the struggle for self the time a nation that they have represented. when i was here five years ago i never used to hear the levels of frustration with the kind of leadership that we're hearing now. and as we travel from. discontent becomes even louder when.
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the families who've been living in this building have been told they have to leave the government is making a move to the city limits so that this area can be redeveloped. they say they don't have the means to build homes that. had. she she what i mustn't yeah. i mean. what. do you know. there's a growing perception that the money flowing into the region is ending up in the pockets of a small business class all of them politicians and party men. a year and a half ago frustration here in so many boiled over. it was february two thousand and eleven and inspired by peoples uprisings in tunisia and egypt kurdish activists
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took to the streets against government corruption and repression launching a protest of thousands the last sixty three days. that we have guys that have. i mean that. funny. that's a. really good question that on the first day government security forces opened fire on demonstrators who had surrounded political party offices and were throwing stones dozens were wounded one man was shot dead over the next two months government forces killed at least nine more protesters among them zahir mahmoud demands fourteen year old son sauk you. could be packing them you could be. many good. shade wound critical.
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but the kurds have other worries tensions with the central government are escalating kurdish leaders have been signing development contracts with foreign oil companies asserting it's their right to do what they please with resources in their territory baghdad says that's just not true the k r g this is a kiddish regional government. feel that they have the right to negotiate and decide on the oil that is. located in the region they feel they have the right to solve his contacts and this is what their real disagreement lies. with their u.s. allies gone iraqi kurds of feeling less secure than when thousands took to the streets a year and a half ago demanding democratic reforms in their lives only. shot if you will.
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manage even though you know what you want to your door when you get. there i believe that moment about the said i'm going to tell you this was you know as that yeah you know and it was it yeah make a bid a major good you know we're up to this here now. but as kurdish leaders defied bank bad and brokered deals for oil pipelines with turkey it seems they're betting that this new alliance will protect them even if it costs them the promise of an independent kurdistan. democratic membership in the head of milan kartika could you know it. when you saw me shift or heard me talking a can just stand up we could toss them to forty with them with a quick quicker the terms of the veto had. been. limited to this and then if there's one man who appeared surmises claims that iraq is in danger of
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sliding back into office or tearing rule its fugitive vice president tyrant can hashimi. the day after u.s. troops left the country in december prime minister maliki issued an arrest warrant for iraq's most senior sunni politician accused of financing death squads targeting shia he fled to the kurdish north to escape arrest cities just two years we caught up with him shortly before he left the country for turkey my kids his straightforward sectarian politically motivated in no way could. be engaged. in any sort of violence hashimi says that his security guards have been detained and tortured into making false confessions against them members of his entourage show us photos they say or of one who died in custody his body appears to show signs of torture and this is by
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their religion a process has to be respected and if. believes he is innocent he should go to the court and prove that in a sense he cannot fled the country or said somewhat and the start of trying to politicize the issue of. the drama is the most visible manifestation of a political crisis that threatens further fragmentation. and iran's read a sentence of violent conflict. that we don't have the real democracy in this country. that's fake and is moving towards a very dangerous situation as again. bob and i secretary anyway. throughout our journey across the country from bands wrote to a bill financial after bank band and most of. the post occupation landscapes have
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buried. every city unique. every stretch of road another distinct piece of iraq. but in each place the people we've met have voiced similar things impatience at the lack of basic services and jobs. anger political corruption. distrust of the regional powers that seem to have more influence over their destinies the natives. and the lingering bitterness about what invasion and nine years of u.s. presence here has created. that legacy for nearly everyone that we've met can be summed up in a single word fear. fear of the prime minister and his grip on power. fear of government security forces in the armed groups of sectarian politics and regional power struggles fear that the ghosts of the past will never stop until the present and defrock of the crew going to continue and that where this is going to
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be divided and there would be a war of before a very divided and after the arrival of. iraq after the americans a powerful and moving film which is made yet more poignant by the fact that the terrible events following the rise of iso had yet to happen we're going to talk about those issues now with sound as there is middle east correspondent imran khan just back from baghdad himself maybe you can just give us a rundown of well those last five years basically since the end of that film and i still comes along well that's i think to really explain it that we have to go back to two thousand and six seven and eight when iraq was a breaking point it was a new civil war between the sunnis and the shias and also there was in iraq at the time now al qaida in iraq were able to form because a lot of anger towards the shia led government within baghdad itself but it was really the precursor to everything that we've seen since then harder in iraq were
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defeated by sunni tribal militias the second was the awakening councils supported by the americans now when the sunni tribal militias got rid of al qaida in the rugged they were promised all sorts of things by the sheer led government and. you fast forward out two thousand and twelve and the americans leaving. in iraq had been defeated there was a a a group coming up at the time called the islamic state in iraq again another threat to iraq and what happened was the shia led government in baghdad really completely ignored the concerns of the sunnis particularly any province and for years the sunnis protested saying they were promised all sorts of things jobs within the military civil service things like that for defeating al qaeda in the things they were never given things are getting better i mean that sounds like a very bleak picture but things are getting there because prime minister howard rather body is pushing forward with with reforms but these reforms are being met
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with with stiff resistance from those people who have entrenched positions and well let's just pause for a second because i want to bring someone else into our conversation to talk a little bit more about the human cost of these last few years joining us from beirut right jaron who is amnesty international's advocacy director for the middle east and north africa it's nice to have you with us right in runs giving us a really good rundown of how the politics of change i guess in the last five years and bringing eisel in our film talked about one point three million displaced people half a million lived in just one camp how if those numbers and situations changed the numbers are much wore snow amnesty international can confirm the number of i.d.p.'s in iraq is over three million now there are few government has unfortunately been a part of the problem many of these internally displaced people were displaced because of the actions of the iraqi government and militias affiliated with the
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iraqi government and their conditions. be bad because of the actions of the iraqi government many of the internally displaced people are taken through screening procedures what families are separate. to many of them of address to the suspicions of collaborating or walking for isis that are tens of thousands of there are keys who have been adjusted to the last few years with no due process with no access to turning. mostly based on a tip from an informant or other suspicions so there are some government is definitely a part of the problem in many cases it is the reason behind the problem and reconstruction effort that was promised has not even started in many cases tell me about outside influence and i'll also ask you imran about this after
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we heard from the raid and specifically talking about iran. and if he has not commented on the politics of what's going on in iraq this in three to four months or a mandate i mean i can say from from a person point of view that many of iraq's neighbors have been interfering in iraq's domestic politics different levels iran for example has a lot of leverage and water all over iraq you put it the iraqi militias some of the militias seem to be. there after the or even controlled the by iran so it's one of the countries that has been involved very heavy in iraq's the mystic issues i do think the iranian influence is absolutely key also turkey you know and we're looking you know saudi arabia as well they're opening an embassy
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again which they haven't done since one thousand nine hundred one so these are all people that have something to play for within iraq and the influence is all but what ride was saying is very very important what you saying earlier about the sunnis and about the people who for feisal or not as the case may be being separated from their families that will lead to a lot of anger why i'm very concerned about the future of iraq is those people who are absolutely angry at this government won't again be given what they were promised they'll go back to their homes they'll be abandoned and that's what led to iceland coming into existence in iraq in the first place that sunny so the next fight may well come from the very people right was just mentioned. in beirut thank you so much for your time and your thoughts in iran town as well with us here in studio thank you and that is it from us to join us again the next weekend check out the rewind page at al-jazeera dot com for more films from the series on come off
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santa maria thanks for joining us and see you again soon. these explosions were not. these nuclear bombs were experiments by the soviet union. to the kazakh people who lived in the vicinity the motives might be little different rewind silent. on noticing. how it is more significant rain likely in eastern iran more especially afghanistan obviously snow some height then a bit of a gap to we pick a little more familiar sight of the clouds been streaming out of east africa for a week or two it's been benign for the most part it's been sort of cloud in the sky
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not bringing i think now is thickening and it's bringing some rain some rain for egypt and iran maybe with the south or bringing walks up to baghdad but the rain becomes rather more widespread by tommy get to tuesday snow in the caucasus snow in eastern turkey run through syria lebanon jordan and probably trust society border as well that baghdad is cooled down a little bit by this time and the rain is going in this general direction so we're not actually bring in the cold for the south if anything it is surprisingly warm in riyadh to thirty three in doha or twenty six and in mecca or thirty eight and the following day we're back on tuesday again it warms up a bit more dusty braised mostly coming out of the south even the empty quarter could be and he quite full of dust but still pretty hot and dry for this time of year. showers are barrington southern africa and they've come back to south africa i think the concentration will not be in cape town it's more like to be further
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east. facing realities growing up when did you realize that you were living in a special place the so-called secret city getting to the heart of the matter why is activist to live in jail just because she expressed herself hear their story on talk to al-jazeera at this time. rising from the ruins iraq seeks billions of dollars to rebuild after being devastated by isis. take it this is al jazeera live from doha also coming up russian invest.

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