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tv   Inside Story 2018 Ep 79  Al Jazeera  March 21, 2018 10:32am-11:01am +03

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and depending on progress it may lead to a three way summit between the self north and the united states now the u.s. senate has killed a resolution that would have prevented continued american involvement in the saudi led war in yemen the vote was fifty five to forty four now the vote took place after the saudi crown prince mohammed bin son man visited the white house on monday . in syria more than sixty civilians have been killed in the last remaining rebel held parts of eastern they were killed in attacks by the syrian military and its allies another thirty five people died when a rocket fired by rebels landed in the market in government controlled damascus it happened in the kurdish cool area close to the frontline of the fighting between government and rebel forces also police in texas believe they're looking for a serial bomber after another package exploded at a fed ex building a bomb contained in a package exploded near the u.s. city of san antonio on choose state is the latest in
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a series of five attacks those are the headlines of the back with more news in thirty minutes next on al-jazeera it's inside story. just. some journalists decided to sacrifice their integrity for out in the media listening to at this time on al-jazeera. making his debut in the united states the saudi crown prince promotes a vision of looking forward for his country and his foreign policies have left the gulf divided and yemen on the brink of what impression is mohamed bin sound money making in the instructional state this is inside story. i. mean.
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hello there and welcome to the program. saudi crown prince mohammed bin salma is on a charm offensive in the united states as he meets u.s. leaders and signs major business deals and zalman is promoting himself as a social and economic reform reinventing his kingdom for the modern era it's possible his first major foreign trip having just wrapped up a visit to the u.k. but since his rise to power the crown prince has been a controversial figure a saudi bombing campaign in yemen has contributed to one of the walls west's humanitarian crises and reports and also a much of a plan to reshape the political map of the middle east and fracture the gulf cooperation council has more on a secret meeting of arab leaders on a yacht in the red sea organized by lebanese american businessman. thank you claimed george need to organize the power some at least in twenty fifteen five middle east leaders were on the guest list it was mohammed bin some and then deputy
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crown prince of saudi arabia mohammed bin zayed the crown prince of abu dhabi egyptian president abdul fattah el-sisi the crown prince of bahrain prince soundman the king abdullah of jordan middle east i says leader urged them to create a new power block in the middle east to combine turkey and iran and he would lobby for them and moshing to libya was to join the group later its alleged leader a convicted paedophile was told they like the idea that the media were concerned that as the us presidential election was moving into high gear democratic nominee hillary clinton would protect the iran nuclear deal and would be less keen to abandon old alliances with the meeting thought the republican candidate donald trump might be more likely to support the initiative we have seen for the last nine months that there has been a new alliance that has emerged between the united arab emirates saudi arabia egypt and what bahrain as a junior party as a junior partner and what or not that alliance can sustain itself in the long run that is unclear but there are certainly efforts to boost that alliance at the
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expense of the gulf cooperation council and it was reported to king abdullah of jordan congressional leaders in the us that turkey was the main regional threat to stability but he later allegedly fell foul of the group for not truly supporting the blockade against qatar which is no ten months old and jordan voted against donald trump's controversial move to recognize jerusalem as the capital of israel this bloc that has so to speak emerges is not and that a bloc that can implement and carry out actual policy. and what we have seen us that the u.s. prefers a bilateral relationships with each of the six countries and therefore unity us this essential thank you very much leaders. being investigated as a possible key link between donald trump and the m.-a ratties and to see if there was an attempt to buy influence by indirectly sending money to the trump presidential campaign leader also arranged
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a meeting in trump tower in december twenty sixth in the brought together the trump son in law and key advisor joke then chief strategist steve bannon and the crown prince of abu dhabi he was also at the second meeting in the seychelles which brought together significant truck donor erik prince and this man killed dimitri of a russian banker with close links to president vladimir putin several embassies were approached for comment on the middle east eyes allegations no one provided any reaction alan fischer al-jazeera. so margins on line is now on the international stage it became saudi crown prince last year is in line to succeed his father as king and so man has remoted a range of reforms at home including easing restrictions on women's rights and the more open policy on entertainment and public performances and is behind a major anti corruption drive targeting the saudi elite critics say the campaign
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also removes domestic rivals the crown prince is also a vocal opponent of iran in a recent interview he compared the country's supreme leader the elf. let's bring in our guests now and m. washington we have joe macron a policy analyst at the arabs and at washington d.c. in beirut rami corey senior public policy fellow and a junk professor of journalism in american university of beirut and in london sami on the edge and chief of international in chess my warm welcome to all of you. know how different our money is spending nearly three weeks in the u.s. expects trini long trip what's he doing there and his strike to forge the relation with the with the white house this is the third meeting was with straw we have a. big changes of the numbers position now he's trying basically to make the case for the priority of europe the priority of the changes is making at home what the early world vision of iteration was to focus on the g.c.c.
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and the unite to unite basically the front against iran and we have a new day there because that sense i think the saudis learned the lesson with obama after the arab spring the iran the you so they they pushed for to forge in relation with the stripers race should that to be in their interest to know they are succeeding you have a drop ears a personal relation with. the you have the u.s. establishment basically trying to resist the cozy u.s. saudi relations where you have a larger u.s. interest in the region so i'm not sure i mean. the charm offensive as you said in your introduction. but i'm not sure to what extent they can achieve together on the on the international stage and in relation to the bilateral relations but this strike basically to forge versus first goal is to cement positions in the sea as the new rule or no it was your struggle with mission of this. second he wants to
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basically a promote his id or regional policy for the u.s. foreign policy how it wants to align with the saudis. look of challenges and that sense absolute it will look at those that running the saudi foreign minister says that relations with the us are us an all time high but an interesting report in the guardian newspaper insalata has been warned by reason of advisors to distance himself from trump because he's a volatile leaves do you think the crown prince is heeding that one probably not he he is embarking on a an extraordinary trip that represents really the second phase of what started with margaret thatcher and ronald reagan which was the global triumph of entertainment and free market economies and now we're having this relationship expanded between the saudis and the united states or at least with trump and the saudi leadership and the free markets entertainment and the war industries which
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both countries are very focused on and he doesn't particularly care about you know the political standing of trump right now they assume and so do a bit trump is going to hang around in fact it's a sign of the vulnerability in the saudi american relationship that it is trump and question are who are the two critical elements in the relationship and but this is a sign of the fact that the saudis are simply point amateurish in foreign policy they prove that in the region they're not proving it internationally but the triumph of public relations for them now is the key factor in this process they've spent millions tens tens of millions on public relations advertising buying think tanks buying journalists taking people on trips and this probably won't work but it gives them some breathing space people are intrigued by this guy has done some amazing things inside saudi arabia in terms of rapid change so it's too early to have
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a real verdict on him but what we can see is the process that he's leading is a process that's largely based on autocratic change from the top war making in the region threats to blow. public relations international link to sales of forms a sign of the congress just been in the u.k. just following on from what romney was saying there how successful has this charm offensive of the west's been so far i think with regards to his visit to the u.k. i think it was a well planned trip from the perspective that he took advantage of terry's amaze desire to show the british public that she can bring in investment as a result of following her negotiations with the european union i think also with regards to the trip to the u.k. i think it was more directed to a domestic audience within saudi arabia as opposed to winning anything really from the u.k. government remember that the perception of the u.k. and saudi arabia is still a country that is great still a country that has significant influence even if it is on the wane following the
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vote for briggs it so i think when he sees to resume a rolling get when the peace saudi people see to resume a rolling out the red carpet for mohamed bin some and that gives him a huge boost within saudi arabia itself so i think the u.k. trip was mainly directed at the domestic audience within saudi arabia but the washington trip is mainly directed to the u.s. audience and not just to donald trump i heard the previous speaker talking about trump and questioner being the main pieces of the jigsaw which currently is true but i think part of this trip is to rectify that he's meeting james mattis who was a critic of the blockade on qatar he's meeting security officials he's lobbying buying think tanks buying journalist all of which to cement himself and restore saudis influence on the institutions in the u.s. and not just relying on trump in other words it seems he's listen to the advice that was given in the guardian that he should distance himself from trying to not necessarily distancing himself but in the sense that he is buying his restoring the relations between saudi arabia and the u.s.
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that were there before obama came into power which is very warm very close very on board with the pentagon with the state department and also with the presidency and so presumably be interested also in meeting my. like pompei of course he's nominated to be the next secretary of state with rex tillerson out what difference might pompei zero bring to the relations with telus and was very pro qatar when saudi norms to blockade pushing trump not to support about saudi in that. yes just first to the to the guest in london i think the difference though there is a little bit of reservation for the as establishment because most of the u.s. saudi communication is going through there's no basically record minutes of those schools nobody is knowing what's happening so there's a bit of frustration so they have to basically reach out not to make it the more private communication channel between bin selamat and have more the establishment
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involved because when trump leaves or when to push the leaves at some point they have to deal again with the establishment which have a lot of reservation on yemen on other points not to the point of view i think the push to resolve the issue good be we can after the terrorists or leave they will try i think trump is going to try to make bridges but eventually the saudi be the signal this week they said it's not a priority for us and we can live with that of the long prefer to have kuwait continue its mitigation instead of drum so i think is going to try to push but because that is not going to force the saudis to make a consideration. so basically they try basically to to basically it's a peace sings too but i don't see a big significant shift in the coming in the coming weeks just to pick up on what you were saying before about krishna so being so the number one channel of communication with the saudi crown prince is that still the case even when he's
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been downgraded and standing in the white house it is because the president can give him an exception to receive he prepared the strip he's is the key person now during this trip is that street there's was question and he's not telling everybody in the administration what's happening you might make big big decision he might give some concessions or hints of concessions so nobody is really clear he's acting as a defector secretary of state dinners and has been marginalized you have to see. if you're going to make more the balance between the two. strong is is is basically representing the interests of the state department of the position overseas so other further notice though the great oversea to the reduce the effect he went to mexico he went he met with the president without the u.s. ambassador and mexico so he's continuing his trend or basically controlling a specific file related to the. people of sydney is really the musical fight and
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the charge he's the acting as if he is the number one charge with the lead oversight from the initial security council and as i'm saying is there is j says question is that he is of a de facto section of state should we still be on the lookout then for his deal so-called deal of the century between the israelis and the presidents get to be unveiled. well everybody's expecting something to come out of washington soon but it's actually coming out of tel aviv tell of eva's driving this process and then they've got the cushion around trying to buy into an idea of this outside in where you see israelis make peace with many arab countries especially in the gulf and then they all put pressure on the palestinians and force on them a deal that could not possibly be accepted by by any reasonable diplomat or jurist or international lawyer or anybody in the u.n. so that probably will happen and the saudis will push for it
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a little bit but probably not very much because that said the deal as we know what we know about it now would never fly anywhere except maybe in tel aviv possibly in riyadh possibly in washington and you have leaderships and they are world that are desperate for foreign military support and economic support and therefore will go along with whatever the u.s. public opinion their world is very very critical of what's going on including critical of the the palestinian leadership to a large extent so i wouldn't put any emphasis on the palestinian israel israeli so-called deal of the century that the americans are coming out with it's another sign of the nature of american pro israeli diplomacy which is now linked to saudi and that r.t. and a few other people in the region siding with the americans and the israelis and this is a sign of the terrible imbalance of power we have in the region and it won't last for very long but we have to put up with it for
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a while that's i mean how long do you think it will last fall i think to be honest i think that we're talking a lot about mama beside him as a ship with bush as a relationship with donald trump but let's also remember that it's not necessarily set in stone in the way that where perhaps envisaging get i think we have to remember that donald trump has already called up the image of thought that invited him to washington. in april in a sign of the changing his mind over the blockade in qatar this is site isn't it if we're talking if we are if we were assuming that the relationship between saudi arabia and donald trump and push in particular was very tight the reality is trump is starting to change his mind and i think this is why we have been so many this visit is so fundamental for him you asked why is there for three weeks because the missing man realizes that relying on trump alone is not enough he needs to win over the u.s. institutions let's remember that in the beginning of the two thousand and seventeen the cia awarded the first ever prize for to a saudi prince in recognition of combating terrorism but they gave it to mohammed
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bin nayef not to muhammad bin segment and this was at a time when mama businessmen was maneuvering against muhammad bin nayef the americans were saying to bin sentiment we don't want you we want been a if to be the crown prince we want him to become the future king so we have to remember that been said man is going to washington on a p.r. offensive not just to establish a policy based on trump and question or but he needs to convince the pentagon he needs to convince the cia he needs to use promptly as influence in the cia to this cause as well he's to get the oil companies all of them on board and convince them that he is a better alternative than one hundred binay if he is the best prince there possible remember one hundred percent man scuppered these american plans for been a if so he needs to convince them that all of their calculations that they made that he can put them to one side they can now rely on him so this is why if we talk where there is were a palestine deal going back just to answer that particular question of yours about the israel palestine and whether we can live with these circumstances i think one question of one have been some men made their agreement whereby
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a vincent man would pressure the palestinians i don't think and i think jerusalem was necessarily part of the deal because that's a deal breaker saudi you could have brought my more diverse to the table with israel on unfavorable terms if trump had not announced jerusalem as the capital of israel now it's untenable for saudi arabia and it's untenable for been someone to come out publicly and support this initiative. and i think because he is not establish himself entirely in saudi arabia remember he's not king yet because he's not established in saudi arabia it's not a gamble worth taking and this is why this trip is so difficult for bin segment how do the peace trump and appease the pentagon and appease the cia and to peace and to peace to all companies and still maintain your popular support within saudi arabia it seems an impossible task and i think this is why we see this very lavish p.r. campaign. it turned out all that we might not have been so modest that one very strong card to play has met and that's this iran public enemy number one line i
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mean in the c.b.s. interview he pushed that strongly and that plays in very well with the white house as well view of the middle east. but just to to to bring a small observation i mean the issue with one hundred been cement in the pentagon establishes month that if he's going to take boat or not the issue is his policy you try to go to road u.s. policy in the region we saw what happened in lebanon in yemen. and other places so the issue is more not with the character sure the they have a problem with him ascending to power that's a fact now but with the problems with borders policy here has to be a just today a lot more his policy to the to the u.s. policy no on your question yes this is this is been point. drop as this idea you have an alliance between. some of the juicy countries and israel against iran so he fits well in this but i'm not sure what she can he can help because the saudis
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cannot basically fight iran and syria they cannot fight it. in lebanon or an iraq they have and they don't have the same money they had a decade or two decades ago to basically invest drop we saw in the part of the washington post he offered you know saudi arabia to four billion and syria i'm not sure they're willing to avert this. but in a culture that they don't own at this point so there are a lot of challenges but. the saudi foreign minister much of the iran nuclear deal which is you know for the hawkish part of the obsession is a very good. progress for them but again the pentagon is very worried about cas an exit it has implications on u.s. forces in iraq and syria so the point is the u.s. and saudi a lot of. interests are not as much allied as to source three decades ago it chased so drop and had been some men though are going against the trend against the
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current of how the u.s. saudi relations have evolved in the last decade or more after the arab spring after the iran nuclear deal after the u.s. presence in the region so they are going against gays this so we will see i think of the coming weeks the pushback from the pentagon and the cia gets into the other nuclear deal and its implication and now we saw the saudis are more and those in the trump view so it's going to be a very good we will see a bit of what the quarry i think in the coming weeks of the may twelfth regarding the nuclear deal and ready how does that but i've been summoned viewed within saudi arabia is c c n n welcome does a reform or is he seen as a warmonger for his foreign policy well the reports that we keep hearing and many of which are filtered through media that are paid or owned by the saudis the reports are saying that a lot of young people most of them are happy with what he's doing and that's probably correct to liberalize their of their lives their cultural life their woman
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driving cinemas things of that nature most probably young saudis would would like that the problem that he's going to run into is with the business establishment and part of the religious establishment and parts of the royal family all of whom are very hesitant about the heavy handed top down. rather brutal manner in which he put several hundred business people in jail and in the hotel in custody he hijacked the lebanese prime minister for a few days he made a war in yemen he blockaded qatar he threatened the palestinian jordanian economies a lot of people in the establishment and so to society's are not very happy with the failures and the rather brutish nature of so the diplomacy in the region but internally a lot of the changes that he's doing are appealing to younger people but in the establishment the business community and among some religious conservative people
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tribal people he's definitely going to have opposition the problem is that opposition cannot be expressed in any public way because he personally now oversees all the media he's so you know what he's done is controlled every single lever of power in saudi arabia the military political economic religious cultural everything you media everything is in his control like it is with the c.c. in egypt and like it used to be was saddam hussein so he's got this new form of one person government which we don't know what the saudi people's verdict on that is and we won't know for a couple of years ok something just in the last minute we've got much of this trip is the crown prince looking for deals with american companies he's got his eye on saudi post oil he desperately needs to diversify he does need to diversify but i think saudi arabia maintains its reputation i mean he's not some ambitious projects he's got some rundown businessmen to back him massey oshie son of japan
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and all of these other various different business i don't think saudi would have a problem in terms of getting that particular investment and i think the problem that many people have is with mamma beside man's all betray nature of governance i don't necessarily describing his policy of getting involved in yemen in lebanon i wouldn't necessarily call it policy as much as a need jerk reaction yemen to who he is what about. takeover and hezbollah and michele are all were about to form an alliance that would have meant hezbollah would take complete control of lebanon so i think these were knee jerk reactions more than particular policy but i think with regard to investment saudi arabia remains lucrative and as much as we talk about human rights and chaos and disaster rockefeller said when there's blood on the streets there's money to be made and i think this is the mantra that many of these businessmen follow one of businessmen is opening up monopolies in the country for people he's announcing these ambitious projects he's promised that if the americans won't come he'll get the japanese get the french will get the british will get whoever so i think he's making all these different walls fight each other for the saudi arabian economy he has that around
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co i.p.o. which he's teasing new york with saying i'm i do new york i'm i do singapore i'm i do tokyo all of which to see who would be the biggest bidder who would put the most money in saudi arabia from a very crude very crude perspective it's quite clever whether he'll succeed or not as an army said earlier we need a few years before we can really gauge whether he's been successful or not absolutely is a very ambitious man in the way thanks for all our guests for joining us joe maccarone rami corey and sammy handy and thank you to you for watching you can see the program again any time visiting our web site that's al jazeera dot com and to further discussion to go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com for slash a.j. inside story because i join the conversation on twitter one hundred's at a.j. inside story from me laura kyle and the whole team here it's by for now.
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stories of life. and inspiration. a series of short documentaries from around the world. that celebrate the human spirit against the odds come up come on this ok it's ok. al-jazeera selects change makers at this time. the street is quiet the signal is given. out so it's safe to walk to school last year there are more than thirty metres in this community in one month the police say this area is a red zone one of several in some townships and children sometimes get caught in the crossfire when rival gangs fight so parents and grandparents have started what they call a walking bust to try to take them to gang violence i lost my. door years ago i also lost my but there are more than one hundred fifty volunteers working for
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several walking busses teachers say it is working class attendance has improved the volunteers also act as security guards facing realities growing up when did you realize that you were living in a special place a so-called secret city getting to the heart of the matter is activists to live in jail just because she expressed herself here their store on talk to al-jazeera at this time. be a balls president a close call for a political ally of einstein suchi abruptly steps down. below the watching i was there i'm so robin. coming up in the next thirty minutes
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a three way summit south korea's president suggests a joint meeting may be possible with the u.s. and north korea. also saudi arabia's crown prince and donald trump discuss a long delayed arms deal during a meeting at the white house. for london. a company that to me i have a film on the later dates of. welcome to the program near bars de facto leader and sons to cheers without her right hand after the abrupt resignation of the country's president in a statement on facebook president shore said he wanted to take rest from his current duty his role is largely ceremonial but he is a close confident of his political.

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