tv Inside Story 2018 Ep 128 Al Jazeera May 8, 2018 8:32pm-9:01pm +03
welcome back here's a quick reminder of our top stories u.s. president donald trump is just two hours away from announcing whether he will pull out of the iran nuclear deal and impose sanctions renewed sanctions on tehran. iran's president has warned the u.s. it will face consequences if it pulls out of the deal speaking in tehran rouhani also struck up more defiant notes saying iran will stand on its own feet regardless of sanctions. or let's explore the european position on the wall this natasha butler is standing by for us in paris natasha donald trump chose emanuel macron the french president as he sort of a european point of contact if you like a couple of hours ago in a phone call we don't know too much about that phone call or what may have been said about the iran deal what's the sense in paris about what's about to happen.
well we do know from that phone call is that the two leaders spoke and they talked about stability in the region but that was all that we got from the lease a just a couple of lines on the communique when imad or mark or left washington two weeks ago after a state visit there his meetings with donald trump he said at the time that he believed that trump would pull out of the iran nuclear deal that was after maddow mark karr has repeatedly tried to urge donald trump to stay in the deal but the senses in france that trump may well pull out of this deal and if that is the case it would be a great source of frustration and disappointment to those here because most people in france and the government the president himself believe that the iran deal is the best thing that there is out there for the moment that it can ensure a certain amount of stability it's stopping iran from developing nuclear weapons in fact person mike ross said in a magazine interview with
a german magazine on sunday that should the u.s. pullout we could be looking out to war so there's a sense that in france people certainly want to diffuse the crisis the defense minister also speaking saying this deal may not be perfect but it has its virtues iran is complying and that is why french ministers have been saying of the last few days that if the u.s. does pull out from this was to wants to try and stay in it alongside its european partners and it's not just regional stability we're talking about here because since those sanctions were lifted back in twenty sixteen france is of course prospered from trade with iran. and it would give the lie a little bit as well wouldn't it to the show that was put on in washington not too long ago emanuel meant macron they were looking at pictures of him with donald trump it was described as a bromance they were probably close and friendly to one another and yet it's pretty clear or at least it seems as if it will soon become pretty clear that mr trump is
not listening to his european allies. well if as you say donald trump decides to pull out of this deal if he's not listening to his european allies in particular the french president it would be a blow to him at all michael because he has done more than any all the european leader to really try and urge donald trump to stay in this deal he's multiplied the phone calls that phone call he mentioned that the two leaders had today on his trip to washington the message he brought was that it would be best for the u.s. to stay in the deal in fact offering donald trump the possibility of perhaps an expanded deal which would take into account some of trump's concerns over things like iran zobel istic missile program and then this so-called bromance you know model marc was really trying to nurture his relationship with donald trump his political polar opposite but exactly because he wants to try and influence the u.s. leader on precisely matters like this on this iran nuclear deal so if trump just
exits it without having really taken heed of him at all my call it will be perhaps even by some in france as a failing of his diplomacy but i must say that public opinion in france really has supported him on all michael's strategy with donald trump i think most people in france simply see the u.s. leader as unpredictable coconut we'll leave it there in our paris bureau many thanks and we will turn now to our diplomatic editor james bose once again he's live for us at u.n. headquarters in new york and james i just want to touch on another couple of aspects of this deal and it's possible and in a short while you know this is you were intimately involved watching the way this deal was struck it doesn't exist simply as a piece of paper with a signature of the bottom it was incorporated into the u.n. resolution effectively becoming international law to what extent does the trumpet ministration of the president have the right to simply unilaterally pull out of it . well there is no withdrawal mechanism in the deal this is the deal
as you say a journal it was later but a week later put into international law as a resolution of the un security council resolution twenty two thirty one and i think is it interesting to see the trumpet ministration operate in the way it's done so many times since the president came to power ignoring the diplomatic niceties because there is actually in the resolution and in the deal a dispute mechanism that they could have followed if they had problems with what iran was up to and i can tell you some diplomats are somewhat surprised that they haven't followed that route because the way this was negotiated they could have gone to the disputes mechanism they could then if they weren't happy with that gone to the u.n. security council called a meeting and this was drawn up this resolution when the thought was from those that drew it up that it would be right or wrong that might be violating this
agreement not the united states and so they put a reverse of the normal situation regarding a resolution so it says specifically that the security council members must vote on continuing the suspension of sanctions that means that if that did go to that stage the u.s. could use its veto in the security council and that would trigger all of the sanctions not just the u.n. u.s. ones but all the u.n. sanctions put them all back in place but the trumpet ministration hasn't signal that which i think european leaders would see as even more of a nightmare scenario than just the u.s. pulling out and re imposing sanctions and james let's look at the extent to which the united states is sort of squandering its diplomatic capital here it entered in good faith into a deal with iran it's now unilaterally pulling out there is down the track another very important international deal in the offing with north korea that will require a good deal of international trust in diplomacy to what extent might this situation
have a knock on effect there. i think you can see potentially a knock on of this international agreement being violated by the u.s. unilaterally room we have a history of paris climate agreement as well that the u.s. is pulling out of north korea why would they trust the united states that was those were the words a couple of hours ago the former deputy secretary of state for president obama tony blinken why would they trust the united states when it shows that any deal it does on paper it might later violate there is of course another way of looking it you could say that it's president trump being really tough on iran and that might force the north koreans to come up with a better deal than they would do otherwise there's another way to interpret seeing it the third way which is that the north koreans might think well right now president trump who's has everything based on personal relationships doesn't like
iran iran is the villain we are now in their good books so we can get away with a pretty easy deal with the americans right now ok james we'll be back with you shortly after donald trump a spoken in about twenty minutes or so from now james bays our diplomatic editor at the u.n. in new york. north korean leader kim jong moon has pledged his continued commitment to denuclearize ation in a meeting with chinese his chinese counterpart xi jinping it's kim's second visit to north korea's only major ally this year our china correspondent adrian brown has more. when kim jong un's second secretive visit to china was confirmed on state t.v. as main evening news bulletin in a seven minute report this time kim was welcomed by president xi jinping in the northeastern city of darlie on close to the border with north korea it's not clear if kim asked to come or was invited but it happened just a few weeks before the north korean leader's planned talks with u.s.
president donald trump kim appeared to suggest the prospect of that getting together was being undermined by trump what he said if relative country stuck their hostile attitude and threats then there's no need for north korea to have nuclear weapons like kim's powerful sister kim jong accompanied her brother her international profile continues to grow well the chinese side but thought hard about the backdrop they wanted for this visit and beyond these waters the korean peninsula darley and offering a picturesque setting. as the north only ally chinese leaders want to ensure they're not sidelined in the future diplomacy over north korea after a long strain immolations because of the north's misawa nuclear bomb tests the two sides are hugging again. president xi has accepted an invitation to visit north
korea possibly next month or so possibly before him shadrack meeting with trump in china didn't have a seat at the recent historic summit between leaders of the two koreas and there won't be present at the kim from summit either so president xi wants to ensure that kim's priority is aligned with his adrian brown al-jazeera beijing. heavy rain in aleppo province is making life even harder for syrian civilians displaced by the war many camps for internally displaced people are now severely flooded western aleppo is one of the main destinations for people evacuated from the rebel controlled areas under siege tens of thousands of living in both formal and makeshift camps without access to clean water food and sanitation. or further south a convoy of hundreds of syrian rebels and civilians has left southern damascus as part of an evacuation deal with the government forty seven buses are taking them
from the capital to rebel held areas in northern syria government forces are preparing to take control of the towns of him and southeast of the city the military is also bombarding eisel fighters who remain in control of yarmouk refugee camp. saudi arabia is mediating in a disagreement over a yemeni island that's occupied by troops from its coalition allies the united arab emirates residents of the island of soccer in the arabian sea are demanding the u.a.e. forces leave they landed last wednesday forcing out the yemeni soldiers saying they're on a mission to confront who three rebels on the island but the island just say there aren't any who thinks there are more of them still busy out a disease a senior saudi delegation with the island of the culture and met with the prime minister of yemen and members of the local government there have been some differences in opinion between the brothers and the local government over how to deal with some issues on the island an agreement has been reached develop
a joint and comprehensive coordination between the coalition and the yemeni government the two sides emphasize their shared vision but stand behind operation decisive storm until all yemeni islands are liberated and legitimacy is reinstated . the british government has suffered two more defeats over its plans for brig's it in the upper house of parliament the house of lords the legislation the prime minister to resign may's planning gives the date that the u.k. will leave the e.u. is march the twenty ninth next year but the lords have voted that the date should not be specified they also voted against may's plans to leave european organizations like the environment and police agencies the decisions can still be overturned by the lower house of parliament the house of commons. governors from chad and cameroon are attending a two day forum in one jira looking for solutions to the ongoing humanitarian crisis created by boko haram fighters in the region despite the presence of more than forty n.g.o.s and un agencies thousands of without food and shelter. reports
from my degree in northeastern nigeria. the bugger fish market used to be one of the busiest spots in the next region eighty trucks on average brought in the daily catch a fish from the lake not anymore only a few cuttings of dried fish arrive the market. while someone who comes here every day to earn enough to buy a meal for his family the one successful fisherman largely depends on the goodwill of others after book right on fighters or on his village four years ago he's heard about plans by government and international partners processed people like him but he's not sure if he or his family will get any help this year. i'm getting older and the young ones can go to fish because a fear of attacks by poke around with no work and no income many of them have now joined the fight is something governments in the region want to stop this is
a recent spike in violence requires to look beyond providing aid something they want to address in a regional meeting in nigeria we need a holistic approach that looks at the shirt it's but also try to start supporting those medium and long that only record real developmental needs that are so critical to find the solution to this crisis the lectured region is one of the poorest in the world despite its vast agricultural and water resources attacks by boko haram have made the situation worse thousands and employed in a region already struggling with poverty and lack of jobs this company produces solar panels and equipment it's one of eleven factories being set up by government in borno state where bookworms tight the government invested millions of dollars in the hope of creating jobs for an improved youth group that is repeatedly targeted by for a quick. it's investments like these borders want to promote across the region they
also want governments in the region to pay greater attention to education children and the classrooms are prime targets for kidnappers gunman and suicide bombers. all the three thousand classrooms have been fixed but out of the five thousand which i have seed the rebuilding your forty's there and. we follow immediately where and when the military. or from the it's how you. when people who. go back to their various communities our primary are to go to the school one thousand four hundred schools in borno state were targeted and destroyed by the fighters hundreds have since been repaired but jobless fishermen and women as well as other small businesses hope for a lasting peace that will govern to return home to reorganize their lives admittedly al-jazeera my degree in northeast nigeria. and there's more to come on
al-jazeera as we await an announcement from the u.s. president about the iran nuclear deal back with you shortly. the street is quiet the signal is given young members are out here so it's safe to walk to school last year there are more than thirty meters in this community in one month the police say this area is a red zone one of several in some townships and kept our children sometimes are caught in the crossfire when rival gangs fight so parents and grandparents have started what they call a walking past to try to take them from gang violence i lost my son good cooking they lived only years ago i also lost my but there are more than one hundred fifty volunteers working for several walking busses teachers say it is working class attendance has improved the volunteers also act as security guards.
we understand the differences. and the similarities of cultures across the world so no matter how you take it al-jazeera will bring in the new. isn't current of the matter. columbia's war crimes tribunals has begun looking into atrocities committed during its five decade long war and it's been a year since and historic peace agreement between the former fox rebel group of the government but as alessandra the reports it's unlikely to heal the wounds that so deeply divide the country. the judges of colombia's new transitional justice
tribunal are hard at work collecting testimony and evidence from victims of crimes committed by all sides during fifty years of brutal conflict with fark rebels it's a colossal task and controversial because the judges are restricted in how they can punish the guilty to tribunals president says the goal is to obtain some sense of justice is done no discipline you can expect to follow the logic of an ordinary justice model putting is simply an eye for an eye what we are trying to do is a way to reconstruct and recover the social fabric destroyed by war i understand some might not see it as proportional to the crimes committed but it's a necessary compromise for any sort of justice to happen. this special jurisdiction for peace was part of the two thousand and sixteen peace deal between the government and five gravels fark leaders are now part of
a legal political party and will be required to recount their party more atrocities tell the truth and avoid prison instead spend anywhere up to an eight year sentence of community service rebuilding roads or schools. military and paramilitary commanders responsible for human rights violations are also expected to testify and be judged as victims associations tribunals. i hope these judges will look at the human toll of the actions that were committed and decide that they must apply real justice we just fear there will be too much tolerance towards those responsible for such cruel atrocious and inhumane crimes that. the judges are currently reviewing tens of thousands of possible cases even as rank and file former fired testify about their crimes as part of their amnesty program. i prefer not to talk ever again about what
a. but i understand it has to be done is an opportunity for people like me but also for the country as a whole violence leaves nothing only orphans and widows we don't want this for the future of colombia. the search for accountability will continue for at least the next decade as colombia struggles to move past this conflict and the tribunal hopes to become the essential tool for truth and reconciliation at least in the. south africa is one of the world's fastest growing tourist destinations especially popular with visitors going on safari but some animal parks are in conflict with another major industry gold diamond and coal mining as malcolm webb reports now plans to expand an open cast mine could drive the animals away. it's the first time the medic easily family has visited a wildlife park the first louis in philosophy parks a few hours drive from their home in south africa it's the continent's oldest
reserve famous for its leopard and herds of endangered white rhino it's been futile it's a great experience to see these things do lions been seen them in television in the parks wildlife and vast stretches of untouched wilderness attract tens of thousands of visitors from all over the world every year most of the surrounding countryside is also pristine but not all of it just four kilometers from the park is there. an open cast call mine has been here for more than ten years and the company that runs it now wants to expand right up to the park boundary. people living around here complain of the frequent blasting and coal dust and in the park the manager says if the mine comes into its buffer zone it'll be disastrous. if caught elephants are sensitive to sounds of good crocodiles so if
there's disturbance elephants cannot communicate this disappearance and explosive. finding their nests and so forth this well in its area once it's gone. it's never recovered the managers of the mining company called him delhi say they're looking into using digging machines instead of blasting and they say they employ more than a thousand people from the community and more expand the tourism creates thousands of jobs in the surrounding area selling services and goods such as handcraft as well as the sixteen hundred people employed in the park itself jobs that conservationists say on the threat if the mining expands the municipal med doesn't agree he backs the expansion if one to two percent of all youth is unemployed it's a time to. if. there is just because they're going to help our people because we want to see them getting a job which it is on the table ten delis coal mines one of many cases in south
africa and the cross the continent in mining conflicts with conservation and the tourism it brings extractive industries make up about thirty percent of africa's g.d.p. four times as much as tourism campaigners say the sectors blighted by corruption and benefits far fewer people back in the park people working here at the mining don't drive the wildlife away and with it the tourists and their jobs. al-jazeera the tuba tuber south africa. let's dip back into our top story now a much anticipated decision by the u.s. president on the iran nuclear deal it's now imminent donald trump will announce that shortly let's go live to our white house correspondent kimberly hell kit and kimberly with just minutes to go now what do you make of these latest lines we're seeing that senior congressional members have been briefed by the administration that it does plan to pull out of the deal. well certainly there is
emotions are running pretty high in washington right now with anticipation so we are hearing some conflicting information about what the president tends to do and as you point out it's it's not official until he makes the announcement in the diplomatic room of the white house but you're right we did know that the there would be an informing of members of congress that would take place in advance of the president's announcement now we're hearing that that person who conveyed the information to lawmakers is in fact vice president mike pence and what we are hearing it again none of this is official until we hear it from the president but what we are hearing from some of the reporting is that in fact there is the intention of the president to leave the deal the twenty fifteen nuclear agreement to limit iran's nuclear activities and that there would be a window before there was the really imposing of sanctions so certainly there was
a lot of speculation about how the president might handle the issue of sanctions would they be imposed immediately would they be reimposed not at all what we're hearing is that in fact there would be a delay period that time length is not clear and if we're hoping for clarity of course with that announcement that will come down to eight hundred g.m.t. or a little bit after things tend to run a little bit later around here but again from the diplomatic room but again i really am cautious and sort of saying this because again we've had such conflicting information all morning john i understood clearly i mean if he does pull out of the deal we know that don't trump doesn't have the support of the of the parties to the deal how much support is there in congress for the united states pulling out. well we have this letter from top members of congress democrats who sent this to the president late monday evening urging him not to withdraw the deal but from the deal because there was the fear that iran would resume nuclear activities and also
there was the concern that it would isolate the united states for america's closest partners the european union certainly members there have been weighing heavily telling the united states not to do this but there's another concern for these democratic senators and that is the ongoing talks with north korea that are taking place you have to remember we have the president making this decision to to meet with kim jong un at the end of the month or early next month and that could certainly affect those talks as well campbell how get out the white house and we leave you now with live pictures inside the white house there is the podium donald trump shortly due to announce his decision on the iran deal to stay with us we'll be right back in just a few moments with that announcement. children dream of becoming a. few
a father from the stars and set the. teenager from the wrong. house by society stop. reaching for the star witness something mentioned on al-jazeera. we understand the differences. and the similarities of cultures across the world so no matter how you take it al-jazeera will bring you the news and current affairs that matter to you al-jazeera. getting to the heart of the matter if will stuff like injury the turkish cypriot leader calls you today and says let's have talks would you accept facing realities what do you think reunification of look like there are two people think the peace for unification is the only option for
prosperity of south korea hear their story on talk to al-jazeera. maybe on al-jazeera venezuela will hold a snap election as president maduro aims to retain control what lies ahead for a country that has been waiting for light at the end of a long tunnel of people in power the top u.s. general in afghanistan about his plans for defeating by the taliban and an isis insurgency. struggling with security issues and economic uncertainty iraq is finally set to hold elections as an unseen global battle rages for results as beneath our oceans we all skip the seabed is a territory still to be claimed. commemorating seventy years from now al-jazeera examines what has changed in the past seven decades on both sides of this conflict made on al-jazeera. man.