tv The Stream 2018 Ep 90 Al Jazeera June 6, 2018 7:32am-8:01am +03
to note that this pressure of taking sides extends beyond the gulf region. by nightfall on that first day that instigating nations in saudi arabia the u.a.e. and egypt we're now joined by the most and factions in libya in isolating the tiny gulf nation. on the second day of the crisis the effects were beginning to show. qatari citizens in the blockading countries were making arrangements to vacate and return to their homeland. qatar's population is made up predominantly of the ex-pats and foreign workers almost ninety percent and could not risk losing its workforce. airlines were struggling to handle the travel restrictions and some grocery stores in the capital were unable to restock their supplies. there was a sense in many quarters that some sort of action may occur. in recent history
there were many signs that qatar was being targeted. this current crisis is not an isolated incident from one thousand nine hundred five up to the present day the dominant team in relations between saudi arabia the u.a.e. and qatar has been one where saudi arabia and the u.a.e. have you as definitely the subordinate actor and the qataris have refused to accept this position in the two thousand when al jazeera was perceived by saudi arabia to be a major thorn in the sides diplomatic relations broke in two thousand and two and continued until two thousand and seven two thousand and eight and then of course you have the more recent crisis in two thousand and fourteen where the u.a.e. saudi arabia and bahrain briefly broke diplomatic relations again in protest of what they view to be this subordinate secondary actor in the region acting above its station and so you have a track record of the gulf members of the. current embargo in coalition breaking
with qatar over political issues over security issues over the last fifteen years but before the scars could heal the seeds of a new conflict were being sown. a mere thirteen days before the current crisis began qatar state run news agency was hacked comments falsely attributed to the qatari amir were broadcast criticizing u.s. president donald trump and expressing support for iran hamas and israel the government denied that the comments were made and investigations by the f.b.i. and britain's national crime agency confirmed that senior government officials in the u.a.e. met to discuss an implementor plan to plant a fake news story in qatar's news agency and social media sites the hacking of the q. and a website in may of two thousand and seven is very interesting because and one hand you what assume that if the grievances of saudi arabia the u.a.e.
and its partners where were foolproof legitimate and question then why do you need the pretext of you know planting a statement in in the areas now to to i guess you could say provide a reason for the subsequent embargo on the other hand when had i was able to show that this was a fake news so to speak it won a lot of support internationally among key allies. to make matters worse for the u.a.e. a series of leaked emails from their ambassador to the u.s. youssef a low table revealed a concerted effort to turn the us away from qatar. kuwait that had experienced aggression from its neighbor iraq almost two decades earlier took on the role of mediator urging both sides to open lines of dialogue. the
current emir of kuwait was the foreign minister of his country when the g.c.c. was founded he hosted the first meeting that led to the formation of the g.c.c. and so for him it's always been since the crisis last year and any spoken about it extremely personal he has made this a matter of honor for the generation that founded the g.c.c. . emboldening their position saudi arabia and the u.a.e. convince the newly elected us president that their actions were justified. president trump who only ten days earlier was in riyadh tweeted support for the blockade and joined in accusing qatar of funding radical ideology and extremism. this was in stark contrast to the approach taken by the pentagon on the situation saying the u.s. military is grateful for qatar support of the u.s. army presence in the country and its enjoying commitment to regional security. in
the months that followed the us state department signed two memorandums of understanding with qatar underscoring the ties between the two countries especially the joint efforts to defeat terrorism. in paris saudi arabia's foreign minister. said that the damage caused by economic measures should convince qatar to change its policies we want to see. implement the promises it made a few years back with regard to support for extremist groups with regards to its hostile media with regards to its interference in the affairs of other countries and we have her taking her steps. with greater pain in order to make sure that the turn to stands that these policies are not acceptable not sustainable and that they must change across the gulf states the sanctions and restrictions imposed were now hitting hard and directly if. individuals and businesses many countries
who have family income in a short time in the neighboring countries who are now cut off and banished. in the hospitals and clinics the harsh embargo was now affecting patients and people requiring medicines and treatment. but the citizens and residents in qatar were unified and supportive of a leader and his government within days of the blockade against qatar we saw huge outpouring of support for the emir and for the country state we saw you know of country flags throughout the streets of doha the images of the amir the blockade in the very sort of sudden and aggressive way that it was imposed galvanized a sense of national identity among countries and in some ways it also improved relations between countries and non-country residence as day two of the crisis continued turkish president red chip tie up addressed foreign ambassadors.
it was then helped to trouble your studio to go. there because. i think such a cutter you nearly driven europe to the moment called little john a. drink you cotton viewed turds on the solar. tubs even missin it but you couldn't truck it's almost like the turkish role in relationship with qatar in this crisis is one of the most important developments over the last year turkey has tried to build up relations to after and qatar even before the crisis reciprocated by improving relations with turkey as a check and a balance against the saudis with whom they've had bad relations on many occasions in the last decade and a half. turkey began debating in parliament legislation for increased military
cooperation to support qatar. the bill was passed after one hour and two weeks later its troops were deployed to a military base just outside of doha which they had been using to train the country armed forces. on social media people from all sides were making their cases supportive of the blockade and opposed. social fabric is the same we have the same family tribes the same people live across all these useless estates the people are not very happy what happened to their brothers and sisters and when they have been cut off and they're being blockaded in the holy mother from other stopping water and food supplies to them and seeing that got i was being bullied by their neighbors so if you started to show empathy with we have seen is that there have been repressed by their own government even for showing empathy to. human beings to their people.
in the region this is contrary to what we have seen in qatar in qatar you know you have different voices there are people who all are saying things against the government of qatar only its fall a season it is accepted. as the crisis continued both sides made efforts to win over the hearts and minds of the international community the public opinion are aware enough to understand and to differentiate between the time with and the force and the fabricated. qatar's foreign minister met with officials and leaders addressing the media and stating the case for cutter. as the situation dragged on governments were growing impatient and wanted a quick end to the standoff now that it's been more than two weeks since the embargo started we are mystified that the gulf states have not released to the public nor to the qataris the details about the claims that they are making toward
. the more the time goes by the more doubt is raised about the actions taken by saudi arabia and the u.a.e. at this point we are left with one simple question were the actions really about their concerns regarding cutter's alleged support for terrorism or they about the long simmering grievances between and among the g.c.c. countries eighteen days after implementing the blockade for instigating nations presented a list of thirteen demands of qatar to end the crisis they gave a deadline of ten days to comply with all of the demands which included shutting down the al jazeera network close to the turkish military bases and scaled down times with iran. qatar was expected to sever all alleged ties with the muslim brotherhood and other groups including hezbollah al qaida and i sold the thirteen
demands that the courts had issued towards qatar were absolutely unrealistic one of their major demands was for qatar to stop interfering in other nations' affairs and if you look at the list of thirteen demands well that's exactly what they do they interfere in the affairs of the country state. through the kuwaiti intermediary qatar gave its response to the demands. the deadline passed and qatar had fulfilled none of the thirteen points obviously definitely. enough except no coakley that respects its sovereignty and independence well ever except. to be able. to accept in public took up ritual eight to thirteen public like this a forty eight hour extension was given by the blockading for and still qatar refused to bow down the saudis an m.r.i. artie's expressed outrage at qatar willingness to submit and said the failure to
comply is a threat to regional security qatar stood firm and replied with offers of dialogue reaffirming their willingness to find a solution through direct talks we believe and we have expressed several times that others willing to enter into dialogue with. with the blockading nations will just respect the international law and respect the sovereignty of each other nation being deeply invested in the g.c.c. since its foundation kuwait timea continued his efforts to bring the parties together to reconcile their differences when he tried to host the first g.c.c. leaders' summit since the crisis began and the only leader of a d.c. nation to turn up with a. not only did the outage refused to turn up for various reasons but on the same day the u.a.e. and saudi arabia announced the launch of
a new bilateral organization a saudi u.a.e. organization through which they would deal with all important economic and security issues so not only did they boycott the meeting but they tried to undermine at the same time it would be the shortest g.c.c. summit in history being abandoned after only a few hours. prior to the g.c.c. meeting qatar shake to min bin hamad el fanny went on a charm offensive promoting qatar and its policies to the world. meeting heads of state and reaffirming qatar's commitment to peace and stability in the region he cemented ties with foreign leaders and in an address to the united nations he turned the charges laid against his country back on the blockading part of you have a lot of work up a foreigner or vetted your shabby that are of on you has hard in jail and must come out of fall over toward the world in which one go home so you're on your own marvie
it do and let you follow them his saddle jacket i look up a bit to the hunt for sure the duck. the dodo a bit of the animal any ability of what go up or so lot. of him is c.r.c. is as i think is the law in that c.r. the. i later heard that one hundred thirty five that her and. the amir returned to a hero's welcome thousands lined the roads to greet and applaud the man who had stuck by them and not buckled under pressure. abhaya who. was riding out the storm established new trade deals and created alternative shipping and air rivers. the blockade is not without impact and although qatar has tremendous wealth to maintain stability it was required to open its coffers
injecting almost forty billion dollars into its economy in the first two months of the crisis. the crisis triggered cutter to rethink its sustainability and independence and to set itself up for the future. it built farms and was terra forming its deserts into fertile land. a dairy was set up flying in thousands of cows and producing its own line of products. just days before the one year anniversary of the blockade qatar's government issued a directive banning all products from the blockading quartet. the new trade links and self-reliance that have developed over the past year meant qatar has decades long dependence on its neighbors for producing goods had been swept away. all
sides were desperate to garner support and backing internationally sweeping reforms was seen across the gulf. qatar lifted the entry visa restrictions for eighteen countries and began speeding up much needed improvements to its migrant worker program. saudi arabia appointed a new crown. mohamed bin salomon and the kingdom tried to sell an image of change but for its subjects freedom of speech and expression continue to be repressed. behind closed doors and have forged partnerships with televisa to strengthen their position and gain favor from the u.s. . the military campaign by saudi arabia and the u.a.e. in yemen is taking its toll financially and is criticized globally for the humanitarian catastrophe it has created. ignoring the calls for the blockade to
end there has been no softening of the position from the blockading nations this is an irrational erratic crisis it started for no reason in my opinion is going to end like this the longer it continues the more damage it will do to everybody it seems that they have chosen their own country because qatar has built its all resilience and showed that it cannot and will not be bullied. by their neighbors with neither side willing to back down the future of the g.c.c. is at stake it will never be the same the sense of shock and betrayal following this blockade is something that will be very difficult to raise and while there has been no clear victor the ambitions of the blockading quartet to change qatar's foreign and domestic policies have failed their failure to get to concede or make significant concessions their failure to get european muslim asian and middle
eastern actors to side with them over qatar has actually highlighted the limitations of the saudi u.a.e. access as a dominant strategic player in the region so i think the best case scenario for a resolution of this conflict is a public agreement to continue to disagreement privately. as the gulf countries continue to drift apart and new geo political alliances a merge in the region a resolution to the crisis seems a long way off. struggling with the effects of climate change sierra leone's dry season is on forgiving but compounded by corruption it's wet season mudslides that are claiming most lives i don't remember even the war when if i think one thousand wounder people died in two minutes people in power investigates the effects of deforestation and illegal building and asks what the future holds if those in authority fail to act the mountain will fall on al-jazeera
bring us out to find our way to. get by the death of the balls are not i see more listeners are thought of that this set says their last. breath a little out of all of our cars and the bunches of the china at the bottom in the first episode of a two part series al-jazeera investigates the world of performance enhancing drugs . sports during the a ministry. this is al jazeera. hello i'm daryn jordan this is the al-jazeera news hour live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes israel's prime minister urges the french president to reject
the iranian nuclear deal tehran threatens to increase its uranium enrichment. i believe now is the time to apply maximum pressure on iran to make sure that their nuclear program doesn't go anywhere. the grim recovery job more bodies or a tree from the aftermath of the volcanic eruption in guatemala. a crackdown on immigration or an attack on human rights we'll have the latest on a new bill being debated in hungary. welcome to the program iran has told the u.n. it's increasing its capacity to enrich uranium but it's not breaking the terms of the twenty fifteen nuclear deal it comes just weeks after the u.s. withdrew from the agreement and reimpose sanctions on iran well israel's prime minister benjamin netanyahu says the announcement proves the agreement has nothing to do nothing to moderate terrans behavior he's been lobbying for support in europe
on tuesday he was in paris from one of the reports. benyamin netanyahu i arrived at the least safe for talks with a man who will not call just a few hours off to iran had announced it was increasing its uranium enrichment capacity the israeli prime minister said the move was proof that tehran wants nuclear weapons netanyahu is in europe to urge either leaders to stop supporting the twenty fifteen iran nuclear deal. and a call that he's convinced will collapse i didn't ask france to withdraw from the j.c.b. because i think the jersey is basically going to. be dissolved by the weight of economic forces but i think that there are two possibilities either iran dismantles its nuclear activities or unilaterally under this pressure or there may be in the future in negotiations for a better. a better deal the french president said the iran nuclear deal wasn't
perfect but should remain the basis for a wider agreement because there's a need if we think it's not enough but it's a useful building block better than what we have a full of the best things to keep it because as we say a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush with you so i agree with you c.p.o. isn't enough but it's better than what we had before. iran says it's boosting its uranium enrichment in case the twenty fifteen deal collapses the head of iran's atomic agency said it informed the united nations that book had begun on him corporal austerity right neither electrical infrastructure and utilities in the towns are ready for hundreds of thousands of asked w. years. for the deal limited iran's nuclear activities in return for lifting sanctions united since the u.s. withdrawal last month european leaders have been trying to salvage it and find ways to block looming u.s. sanctions european leaders all struggling to save the iran deal and some analysts
say the tehran's decision think. the pressure on the man out may only make it harder iranian officials are not seeing much rush in the. decision making process that's what by they want to keep all options available and at strategic levels that means also a threat to the europeans not to you know shit with iran not to joke with iran the french president has called for a deescalation of tensions on all sides but unless european leaders come up with a plan to save the deal soon and keep u.s. sanctions a bay iran's patience with his allies may soon run out especially butler al jazeera paris well let's bring in our a mesh is a national security and foreign policy analyst joins us on skype from san francisco ron says it's still acting within the framework of the rules of the deal but let me ask you is this a richmond allowed on why would iran need to enrich its uranium even further. well
let's say this thing goes between what the iranians are doing to appease a domestic audience and also what they're trying to do to show the world that this by president trumps withdrawal from the way iran is on the one hand tries to be committed to what they claim to be the framework of the g.c.c. at the same time they are trying not to sort of now you should have seen the face of president rouhani when i think this leader announced yesterday and asked or sort of command or a government to go ahead with additional tens of thousands of centrifuges the sort of added back of the cycle it should have seen rouhani state the president of the public who happen to think he a motor and opponent of the g.p.o. way or you're on the other end is political legacies i so on the one hand first and foremost i feel i'm in a is trying to that as a leader trying to play haid his domestic hardliner crowd that's always been
against the iran deal again ironically the hardliners that are on the radical elements of the ira gc's longer guards corps and also radical republicans here in the you will actually use the term radical republicans in a sort of a civil war term history but again more conservative hard line republicans here in the u.s. and enjoying that young age well i've always been against you on the aisle on the other hand i feel a hominid also trying to send a signal sending that you can ok what i think actually going to backfire on the iranians because now it's providing them more legitimacy does it say iran lying is lying it is never going to buy fire ok not going. to mention israel's prime minister benjamin netanyahu that he seems to be keeping up the pressure on iran but he's a dog's with european powers isn't he like france and germany who are struggling to keep the deal alive. you know what we're going to see how how well that's going to work out yes on the one hand that yahoo is trying really hard to direct mail this
entire deal but again he's right you know he's right in the sense that the deal itself may fall apart if the europeans can't get sanctions waivers from the u.s. the deal you know is going to fall apart when the most important things there were many iranians wanted this worse you know we're see in after this deal was sanctions relief and investment we heard today that p.s. i'd go so one company a major french producer that had a four hundred billion four hundred million euro deal with their audience is not going to stop its deal in iran and wait for the u.s. treasury to give us that waiver which will never happen other europeans including for instance you know that the oil giant is withdrawing from the iranian market so if iran is not able to keep its investments and investors and is going to face sanctions again from the iranian perspective what good as with ok with good at this or so is going to fall apart that's what the europe is have to deal with which is
again trying to convince the americans for some sanctions relief as just a final brief point from you president tom pulled out of the deal because he says it doesn't go far enough and curbing iran's nuclear ambitions sounds washington likely to react to iran's latest announcement. supporters of president trump are going to say look we were wrong rights and supporters of the iran deal and those who were critical of problems you have lateral busying gauge are going to say mr trump you have not made us safer you have not made america safer only derail a deal that would at least prevent iran from going nuclear for ten years and you have made america the region including israel less safe and that is trumps sort of rash reaction a rash action without going to that's how the two sides are going to view iran's announcement that is going ahead with further investment which is again iran has the capacity or that it just want to make sure that this is not new facilities are built as well and the sort of somewhat of the framework of what you see you know in
the facilities i rush thank you for talking to al-jazeera now new evacuations have been ordered near guatemala's volcano off a fresh lava started flowing down the mountainside at least seventy two people are known to have died so far and many more are missing following sunday's eruption and todd villages and communities in the shadow of mt swager have been destroyed or rescuers have been sifting through hot ash and daybreak in search of survivors oh david mercy joins us live now from a skin flat in guatemala close to where the volcano is david you've been not near the volcano so we're now hearing there are new lava flows coming out of the ground tell us what you've been seeing there on the ground. well that's right this morning we went to the that's their site and it was a few hours before we were actually allowed in all of the press was held back because some modern explosions that had been happening in the early hours of the morning.