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tv   The War On Plastic Waste  Al Jazeera  June 13, 2018 6:32am-7:01am +03

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join the european union and nato. the former vice president of democratic republic of congo's expected to be released from prison judges at the international criminal court ordered john pir bemba's conditional release after he was acquitted of war crimes he'd been serving an eighteen year sentence after i was found guilty of atrocities committed by his troops but on friday and his pills called said ben but could not be held criminally responsible for their crimes the rockies share cleric titles such as formed a coalition with a pro iranian bloc that amir to form the biggest political group in parliament two men met after saddam's party won the most seats in last month's election and party came in second. those are the headlines earthrise is coming up next big stories generate thousands of headlines with different angles from different perspectives separate the spin from the facts that's why i am god. with the
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listening post on al-jazeera. cheap and fast a tile plastic is used for everything furniture tools storage containers clothing even tea bags and glitter on birthday cards it's hard to imagine modern life without it. so much has been created that scientists are calculates the total amount ever made at eight point three billion tons. and most of these items are used for only short periods of time or even just once before being discarded to later land and see. if nothing is done we are heading towards
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a planet so full of plastic that the health of plants animals and humans alike will be threatened. and yet fossil fuel companies are investing billions of dollars in producing even more of it. we urgently needs rethink how we manage the plastic we use o. find an alternative. actually are shot on the west coast of canada to meet people dedicated to clearing plastic waste from our oceans. imo marconi for in france where a movement is afoot to rid the country of oil based plastic. going in not only that plastic waste can be found on every beach in the world. from the business beaches to the most isolated and uninhabited islands now no shoreline is untouched by plastic. and if the current rate of global production continues there could be more plastic than fish by weight in our seas by two thousand and fifty.
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him british columbia people have decided enough is enough and i'm taking strives to stop the tragic destruction of our ocean. ocean legacy is a local foundation whose aim is to tackle the growing problem of plastic pollution along the twenty five thousand kilometers of coastline here chloe dubois is one of the founders we are now i'm free and soon each year. right the first release for. the british columbia coast is made up of deep inlets and rugged island shorelines so helicopter travel isn't just a joyride it's essential. today we're headed to the clyde quite sound and one of the forty thousand islands that dot the coastline here. these trains are a bit tricky. it's really hard to tell just how much debris is actually here because of the logs and rocks we could spend years cleaning this island alone it
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being estimated that there's about five point two five trillion piece of property in the ocean right now and a lot of those pieces that are free to move wherever they want to on the planet aside from you know the unsightly mess of pollution on the. problem as. possible because when. it turns out little sponges so any chemicals that are in the water will begin to absorb these chemicals in the plants and this is very toxic and very dangerous and. every day we're finding new animal or whale that's been washed ashore with some exposed caustic. given the amount of plastic here i'm not surprised wildlife is suffering we let it. out for us oh it's a yeah you can tell this is an old refrigerator there's no way we could make a dent cleaning the speech by ourselves fortunately reinforcements are on the way
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so they gave it our bring more and more volunteers to this remote area and it got to be so every two dozen volunteers that. many here come from different local environmental groups overall there are five thousand volunteers to call upon across the region. but with so much coastline to monitor chloe and her team rely on tip offs posted on the ocean legacy website to prioritize the most crucial locations. i've found the forty foot. and here. yeah some of these are bare. here and foam has been. fishing so when it washes up on shore. in searching for food and mistakes the sarah from from being a few. ones collected the plastic is ready for transport back to the mainland i am
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going to learn how to use playing our i pad one of these super pacs and i hope that the base of the helicopter so i can lift it out of here when you drop so far all around the world can run over to you guys i want to get out. since ocean legacy started the team of collected over five tons of plastic off islands like this. and they're keeping most of it out of landfills too. but what happens to the plastic they collect chloe's invited me back to the recycling center in vancouver to find out. what's the next step in the process we take all of these are random hard plastic items and we're going to shred them up. the fragments will then be sold on to companies who will breathe new life into that. styrofoam will become picture frames and picnic benches well bits of old tires will hit the road again as new tires. ocean legacy is even starting to engage high street companies such as lush
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cosmetics who are using recycled plastic for their signature packaging so in order to make the black pots we've needed to turn this material basically into something that looks like this. so it's still a very small project but we're looking now in our own isolation to grow this much larger to engage more industry and more cleanup groups so that we can help create an economic value for these materials they're organized as a nonprofit foundation which means that all their profits get funneled into research education and more clean up nothing goes to waste here. so what are we turning this into the next step to make us. what that's. how are you turning this into fuel. it's a clever solution plastic is made from fossil fuels after all. to learn more chloe is taking me to the boat where they have a prototype they're developing on
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a larger scale we've set our parameters and the machine is essentially heating up and we start to vaporize the plastics the plastic is converted into fuel through a process of thermal decomposition called pyrolysis the machine is air tight and oxygen free so that the plastic doesn't burn as the temperature heats up to four hundred ten degrees celsius it melts to become a liquid and then a gas. this passes through a tube into a container filled with cool water where it condenses and forms oil so who could obtain a machine like us the larger scale technology that we're looking to develop would be ideal for remote coastal or even island communities that don't have readily accessible fuel sources that are and are also inundated with classic pollution everywhere it makes sense that these remote communities can use that plastic as a resource to write something that will benefit the community. the machine will
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take three hours to turn the plastic into fuel in the meantime i'm off to check out another project less focus on recycling and more on changing mindsets it's an artist and author douglas copeland studio on the other side of town what are you looking at here the same solve these are just crazy global head dogs there's a twentieth century twentieth century way of looking at plastic or something shiny and coffee and great then there's like reality in the world right now in our adjusting to that and so these guys here plastic boy plastic girl they will be representing the future these figures are part of douglas's installation at the vancouver aquarium and i'm getting them ready for their debut. do you like your new group home he says. look at it that. douglas is using eleven tons of ocean plastic in his show. what inspired jared to create this installation piece this place called queen charlotte islands four years ago i was
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up there and plastic bottles recently washing up on my sacred beach and it really is like you know vandalizing moment for me so i thought well let's make an image of the trash one which has been motional untangled to it i guess copeland isn't pretending to offer solutions but he is hoping to engage audiences who ordinarily wouldn't stop to think about the problem and ultimately he's hopeful we can turn things around before it's too late. i'm heartened by the energy british columbia is putting into tackling the problem of plastic pollution before i leave i want to return to the ocean legacy both to see how much fuel the machine has produced. something different colored. separating into different. yeah so what's needed coming out of this machine is a mixed oil and in that oil we can separate into cursing oil and petroleum products
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so you can record tricity from it power your lawn mower heat your home how are you using this you currently we're not making i'm not for the fuel to use it in a practical application so this is just our small pilot we've really got the world's interest rate now in launching these units worldwide. the fuel will emit greenhouse gases and other pollutants but at least it takes plastic out of circulation and reduces the need for fossil fuel extraction. so can we use it in the ship. let's do it ok. ready.
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ocean legacy are planning to roll out these machines starting in british columbia in one year's time they aren't the first organization to try to turn plastic into fuel or to recycle it. but what impresses me about chloe and her team is the determination which drives them to take a multi-pronged approach to tackling plastic pollution is a problem that won't go away if we continue to use and discard such huge amounts of plastic. but what i've seen here gives me hope that if other groups around the world were to work in similar ways it could be possible to make a real difference. around the world more than forty countries have imposed laws to cut down on plastics. in two thousand and two bangladesh was the first to be hit then plastic bags after they clog storm drains during devastating floods. and in malaysia's federal territories a recent ban has been imposed on plastic bags in favor of biodegradable income
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possible bags and food containers. while in kenya it's become illegal to produce sell and use plastic bags with a penalty of up to four years in jail or a forty thousand dollars fine. but is it too little too late plastics may be being banned on land but they've already made their way into the sea. floating between california and hawaii is a massive come for trash known as the great pacific garbage patch it's the size of texas and still growing. while in the deep sea one of the most inhospitable places on earth scientists have found plastic items almost completely intact but even more troubling is what happens when plastic does degrade mike plastics are fibers granules of plastic which are defined by being less than five millimeters and they cast off of as large pieces of plastic and then due to littering runoff
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pool waste management and of in the marine environment and when they're exposed to sunlight the sunlight makes them vestal and the action is the wind in the ways just breaks them down and they become smaller and smaller they don't biodegrade they don't ever really go away and because they're very small and they can be readily ingested by a number of different mean animals and they can reduce the end mind. in a consume and in thailand that han's a knock on effect on groups and reproducibility we're fine michael path takes everywhere we've looked we found on the surface of the ocean move and see the water column. we found them in animals like crabs and ones that live at the bottom of. the plastic we're getting if we were. twenty five million tonnes of plastic waste is produced by your ph here in france
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allowing five million plastic cups a frog in a way anyway. like many other countries across the world france faces a monumental plastic waste problem and this is driving a growing number of campaigners and entrepreneurs to challenge the way the plastic is used and made. will they be able to end the country's dependence on this basic material. twenty five percent of all plastic is recycled in france with the rest any up in landfills or worse illegally dumped i'm meeting councilor and environmental campaigner irish baron bosh at one of the many tips surrounding paris. law school year by going to see to it left each sample an example m. . three off its limit that it limit the matter you open it once it. see a chilled yard produce sawmill yard so media use that plastic.
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you off also now twice like you media said an arm with some of it with you know all falls under me john's securely inappropriate. this touch. is that and emotional well if you. want good or not it's the adult said it could itch. france's two thousand and fifteen ban is a good start to encourage people to reduce their reliance on plastic things but the next target is twenty twenty when the country will be the first to ban single use items like plastic cups plates and cutlery so i'm embarking on a road trip around france to find out how ready industry and people are for the changes ahead. first stop some roadside services. so i just
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stopped to get some water and a coffee it's classic everywhere. and one thing is clear it's going to take serious innovation to wean us off plastics but on the beach in san manner there's a possible solution. daveed coty manages our go back a start up creating plastic from seaweed. so why is it good as a plastics alternative to great advantage of seaweed is renewable and it's unlimited we don't need to obvious seaweed on the field and fully biodegrade it will go to see what is the a bouncy we need scientifically the make up what is it that makes it really what is good in seaweed is different in their chain. which is very similar to the poly matching you can find in the oil based plastics petroleum based polymers are long chains of carbon atoms bonded together these are produced synthetically to form
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conventional plastic but they can also be made from a wide range of buy materials i vegetable oil. like seaweed. daveed has asked me to help them to collect the brown variety which also happens to be a non-native species a real lady that we have is too thick to see we've. been busy which is a pollution in fact and we choose the date of today burnt so this can be a plastic. not going to be a plastic it's going to be but you're all of your basically be your basement here your which will have certain characteristics similar to plastics. gopac started in two thousand and ten and each year they sell forty tons of one hundred percent bio plastic made from hundreds of tons of seaweed. there it is the treasure. is in charge of production at the plant.
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what are the other ingredients that are in this vat so but to be omitted or. salvia is playing this one close to his chest it is commercially sensitive after all and from where i stand the process looks involved first the seaweed is turned into something that looks like played before it's tried in an oven for fifteen hours. after that it's a pub arised. this batch here is destined to become flower pots. what exactly does this machine do. or do you. intend. to question. and then you know. damn if it does your lot as almost all but their use only. there you go
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straight to the garden center we have sixteen small flower pots how long does something like this take to decompose it can takes. up to four more months twelve months depending as well on the coaching that we can provide if this was a plastic part how long would that take to decompose five hundred years it will last five hundred years in the nature so you're looking at five hundred years against four months do you see a gap in the market for your product. we'll give room in the market but this room should be at the same price ninety eight percent of the people are ready to go for something which is greener which is better for the environment but at the same price. right now our go pack is the more expensive option for consumers but davey's hopeful that in twelve to eighteen months they can step up production
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to offer products that are only fifteen percent more expensive than conventional plastics the seaweed alternative to the really impressive but there are limitations . but these can be a become. with the band looming stance observer and friends are experimenting with plastic alternatives for materials like milk and corn starch i'm off to see another venture in scent. is an engineer who recently has developed what he calls if we can boss whom from an ingredient found in most of our cupboards in its refined foam what is this product that you want to show us it's really ok ok yes how do you turn this into this. chemistry. was going to test each. on particular
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farm cuban pair met the family do. an exam and then we. can as you can. confirm it is not reason. where does the sugar cane come from and the indonesian way and who does the transformation from the sugarcane to misspell it. it up safely on an easy off all. those are new who know and who got really poor fellow. as the other plans nikolai's guarding his formula closely i can see why the results look good is actually food a food product yes so if i finish my juice in this possible way and i want to dispose of it i don't necessarily need to put it in the past six waste you put it in the food waste.
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i want to see him was he said. there are problems bad. that's amazing but to reduce the need to grow and transport sugarcane i can't help feeling it would be better to simply reuse them nevertheless nikolaus vegan boss was our success he's had orders for two million last year and expects even more for two thousand and eighteen but like the seaweed packaging these bottles are more expensive than conventional plastic twenty five percent more expensive to be precise so could something like this really take off. so i'm here in beautiful clara shell and i've been told that this cafe sells the sugarcane bottles that. i'm curious to know if anyone can tell the difference or if it even matters to them so does this look like plastic to you three four months i was on
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a dusty creek and how does it feel to know that it's not plastic. that it was a to last place for a month it's the best level argument does that affect your decision to purchase these types of bottles of course it's good to purchase something and be able to get through it with this environment. that was an overwhelmingly positive response and it gives me lots of hope for the future. but is it really going to be so easy to rid ourselves of plastics i'm heading back to paris to meet up again with the activist our ash. to find out what he thinks. around we just stop using plastic. we overtopping of the figure if i become. equal flour is a word i won't use when young. but it's actually use every drop of. a speech. at least it is well you know the. book enough we'll see if you
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fall you could each. be. no no i was indeed i felt was which was. france's ban is a significant step in the right direction it will take bold political moves like this plus ingenuity and better choices on everyone's part to make plastic a thing of the past. our planet is suffocating from plastic pollution but around the world people are taking steps to reduce reuse and recycle. in africa only ten percent of solid waste is collected mostly because of problems with accessibility but a social enterprise in lagos nigeria is sending teams on bicycles to collect recyclable materials and sense of izing people by offering goods for their waste fire a point system. and in kenya where as many as ninety tons of flip flops wash up on
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the coast pay here to dish to ship builders and now collecting them to construct boats. projects like these are a start in helping countries and communities tackle the global plastic problem at a local level the key to turning the tide on plastic before it's too late. uncovering faulty forensic analysis by the f.b.i. more than twenty years ago reports being written without the knowledge or authorization equipments dirty testimony is being given that's way beyond people's expertise the state has announced its intention to attempt to retry john asked for his crimes for which he's already served thirty two years their evidence was the only physical evidence that put really manning in that car the system with job on al-jazeera. a history of guerrilla warfare a place to stay. they bargain is a sin created for
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a stateless population. for fighting for their land while. fighting for independence from her neighbors. chronicling turned violent storm the struggle to understand. history and her mother on. the strength of our spirit that because we have such an expansive knack for people of color for us and actually she had made with the al-jazeera team and at that. for twenty three years mohsin has collected objects he finds along the coast. enough to fill his museum enough to break a guinness world record. with a story for every object has become an environmental activist uninspired. voice for the plight of countless markets. such as al-jazeera.
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the battle to retake the yemeni port city of had data. has begun threatening to worsen an already dire humanitarian situation in the country. and i'm jane done and this is live from doha also coming up handshakes smiles and now apparently home visits donald trump and kim jong un accept mutual invitations to each other's countries joining forces telecoms giant a.t.m. t. gets the green light to buy media company time warner.

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