Skip to main content

tv   Week 1 The Crossing  Al Jazeera  June 18, 2018 11:00pm-12:01am +03

11:00 pm
it does not look good we want on al-jazeera. alone taylor not in the top stories on jazeera sounded as trying to have targeted hoofy rebels holed up in the airport of the strategic yemeni for city of her data the coalition is demanding the rebels withdraw unconditionally from the area in order to save civilian lives my editor reports from nearby djibouti. the three year war in yemen has reached what could be a crucial tonic point the bottle for the port of the data daoud going un high commissioner for human rights is concerned i am for size my grave worrying regarding saudi and immorality led coalition's ongoing attacks in her data
11:01 pm
which could result in normal civilian casualties and have disastrous impact on lifesaving humanitarian to millions of people which comes through the port nearly two hundred people have been killed since the offensive for the important red sea port began on wednesday and nearly five thousand families forced to flee their homes says the u.n. . we suffer from the aerial raids in the cruel aggression in the indiscriminate shelling that goes on twenty four seven this is let us to leave our areas we don't have food we don't have humanitarian support the organizations concerned do nothing for us we're sick i'm hurt and my body suffers a lot shuttle diplomacy by the u.n. special envoy to yemen and therefore stopped in a cease fire feel so far martin good if it has been in the capital sanaa holding talks with the warring parties the united arab emirates which is part of the
11:02 pm
coalition against a host of fighters along with so that it bia says precautions are being taken to protect civilians. we are careful not to hit surrounding residential areas so as not to hurt the people there the current fight for the airport suits us for two reasons the first is it gives us an opportunity to advance and avoid as much as we can the civilians secondly it gives the international envoy a chance to have his say before leaving santa since the intervention of the coalition to buck government forces three years ago at least ten thousand a year and something killed tens of thousands injured and millions displaced the port of today the humble seventy percent of yemen simples including life saving. a big. has often been shipped through the portal djibouti behind me but since the offensive began u.s. staff say two shipments they sent to her day that this week up to be a ton of the failing to tame clearance from the soda led coalition they now say they quickly running out of storage space for the consignments of that continue to
11:03 pm
what i've come to leave for where they're needed most on monday the management of the the port city that was operating on you know the. commercial shipments arriving at the port a well known shipments that are arriving from well known ports the claims made by the coalition that shipment of arms have arrived to the port and avoid the current military campaign aimed at targeting the port the coalition countries know well that the port has no military activities at all and is not involved at all in any arms shipment the un also told yemen the world's last humanitarian crisis on the bottle for the done its effects could make it even was mohammed atta while jazeera djibouti u.s. president has weighed into germany's migration route claiming chancellor angela merkel's government is losing popular support due to its liberal immigration policy
11:04 pm
this is trump faces pressure at home and the his own administration's policy of separating immigrant children from their parents the united states will not be a migrant camp and it will not be a refugee holding facility won't be you look at what's happening in europe you look at what's happening in other places we can't allow that to happen to the united states not on my watch turkish forces have entered the outskirts of the syrian city of man binge as part of an agreement with the us earlier this month turkish and u.s. military officials agreed to the withdrawal of the kurdish y p g from the city. kamandi corps kept up with our website address that is al-jazeera dot com up next the war in october i'll have more headlines for you during that often are.
11:05 pm
london october the fifth nine hundred seventy three. shortly after midnight the phone rings in the home of debbie are sure of and is really a case officer handling and egyptian spy they simply called the source. it is the source himself his message is simple i need to meet the boss. within minutes ashraf has called television to wake his superior speed samir
11:06 pm
director of israel's intelligence service. in just a few hours samir is heading for the british capital. later and one of my sons london safe houses samir meets the source. the information he hears is astonishing. but what makes it all the more important is the identity of the man delivering it. off marwan was one of the best spot used in escanaba history he was the perfect spot it was not only cliff and veil of a fisherman's thought he was also for a crossed with the information he was a lot of people from nasa. or the right hand man of president saddam. so when my one told the mayor that the following day at eight hundred hours egypt
11:07 pm
and syria would launch an attack on israel there was every reason to believe him. but was this a genuine leak from the very center of a gyptian power over was the source operating under orders giving information designed to deceive the e.u. and the someone like ashraf out of juan will do nothing without alters from either the egyptian intelligence service all the political leadership from president said that himself. fourteen hundred hours saturday sixth of october nineteenth seventy three. of the holiest day in the jewish calendar young people the day of atonement.
11:08 pm
egypt and syria launch an all out war against israel. the targets liberating the sinai peninsula and the golan heights territories occupied by israel six years earlier in the six day war. israel is completely unprepared its regular army outnumbered its reservists not at present on either front. so the push was harder israel would score so just because our troops just six years before the six day war permitted so to get into this situation there's us. yes. that's their war with us because of the split. richard israel could have over earth. that lightning victory brought with it an illusion of invulnerability. israel
11:09 pm
seemed secure behind a protective military cuts and. and despite intelligence warnings during september nine hundred seventy three of an upcoming arab attack the head of amman israel's military intelligence general. was convinced there was nothing to worry about. saddam's close relationship with the soviets guaranteed a supply of military hardware. at the israelis knew he had been able to obtain the latest generation of attack weapons. without them israel's military might outweight egypt in the balance. but ever since the humiliation of the six day war egyptians had to see their country fight back. as it continues says fawzia as there was
11:10 pm
a device they think feeling of a crisis and they feel there was tension there was disorder including the most thracians and the occupation of to have square and everyone wanted to fight back the regime was accused of failure and therefore so that was heavily criticized the . people in the streets agitated for the most powerful constituency of all egypt's more than one million strong army was desperate to show that it could fight and win against the israeli enemy they had to look at every day just two hundred meters across the suez canal. and implicitly in the matter that israeli flag i cannot describe the feeling of my generation knows this feeling very well you know stretching for one hundred sixty seven kilometers their israeli flag is up are you in every kilometer to right
11:11 pm
before your eyes of all along the canal god i swear this week nearly turned the color of the suez canal black eye so was black and when i looked towards the desert i saw with only grading from black to gray at the last just so much depressing color this as a building. with outdated weapons and lacking the ability to liberate the whole of sinai in a military operation in february nine hundred seventy one less than four months after taking power sadat offered a peace deal if the israelis would withdraw from sinai. israeli prime minister golda made rebuffed the offer. why should i believe now after this experience that anybody under any circumstances can assure. us something more tangible
11:12 pm
now than we had in the past for israel then to give up. aside. what are the probable they've been impractical thing to achieve. unfortunately sometimes it really does take a military offensive to change perceptions of negotiating. so it had to be. but sadat had a bold idea in mind. could a limited war bring the attention of the world superpowers back to the region and jump start stalled peace initiatives. it was a plan developed by his chief of staff sergeant says lee. and another called before the. now we can cross the sous going to with the infantry troops one of the stop but then two fifty kilometers advancing our air defenses to the west bank of
11:13 pm
the canal. have the kind of i want which gives us an anti aircraft amberleigh for fifteen kilometers east of the canal at that point i stop even if the enemy withdraws because the enemy has one of two options either confront in which case i can inflict huge losses or stop two feet of those big losses at all and that the it across if. as he contemplated a limited war sadat found an ally. opposite as it had come to power in syria in one nine hundred seventy through a coup de tat. he too had points to prove to his people. they have and that's out there on the face of the said as he lets up last year we should not forget that half of the lawsuit was the defense minister during the one nine hundred sixty seven defeat and he was mainly held accountable because you
11:14 pm
cannot exonerate the defense minister for such a defeat to the syrian army that off that set aside a facility so when half of the us a came to power in syria he started to absolve himself of the ny. sixty seven defeat and to prepare the syrian army for the next battle but when would that be ok no one knew them arctic and that meant that. in a series of meetings throughout the one nine hundred seventy three sadat and assad refined the war plan. it was given the code name bedded after the prophet muhammad's fust victorious battle against the nonbelievers. when they met in syria in late august and all spacious date was chosen on the sixth of october the tenth day of ramadan the muslim holy month the jewish holy day of
11:15 pm
young capote egypt and syria would launch a surprise attack against israel. but first a setback in the app unintentionally served to disguise that buildup and confuse the enemy. on the thirteenth of september israeli and syrian jets clashed over the mediterranean. the dogfight ended with the syrians losing thirteen aircraft the israelis only won. the heart of. my critics the bear afterwards when the syrian forces started building up we thought that in their opinion we deserved some sort of retribution but that the build up was because of that the come up. as syrian troop concentrations in the golan grew to the south on the suez canal there were clear signs of something similar. but it's a whole lot of me put said father gary the super go to let's remove egyptian army
11:16 pm
is getting stronger and constantly exercises i saw them raising the sounds from their side hires them even higher than ours and opening gaps and getting into the water measuring the journey carrying out all sorts of exercises crème forms the high command but they said don't worry how many of these are just standard egyptian army exercises the patience of obviously. only five months previously the israelis had responded quickly to a similar build up. they'd mobilize their reserves only to find that the egyptians had gone no further than the edge of the suez canal. this time on israel's military intelligence was determined not to make the same costly mistake was. in it documented them on published. of october fifth it was a perfect description of the egyptian army ready to go to war the bottom line was
11:17 pm
we nevertheless believe that there was no change in the egyptian estimate regarding the balance of forces with the f. and therefore the likelihood for war is low. but all that was about to change. that same night in london a chef marwan up the nasr son in law and sadat's information secretary would tell israel's. mogens chief that the attack would begin at eight hundred hours the next day. at zero eight hundred hours on the sixth of october the israeli cabinet met in emergency session. instead of attending a young couple prayers to ask forgiveness for their sins they had been summoned by the threat of imminent war. there was an argument of both of. them.
11:18 pm
to the ship of the but out to mobilize the whole of us almost the minister of defense was the diameter of. his funds while the following if is a mobilize have a selves. then in triptans am a claim that it is is that intends to. and they feel that we have to make it clear that is and was that there not israel is attacking. in spite of diane's opposition at zero nine hundred hours the cabinet decided on immediate mobilization of israeli reserves. meanwhile on this holiest of holy days israeli soldiers on the front lines fasted and prayed. but their calm was to be interrupted with the news of the upcoming war. ironically across the canal egyptian troops were given their first warning of war at exactly the same time.
11:19 pm
they were to break their mother in fast and prepare for battle. but the attack would come earlier and the israelis had been led to believe. the monopod to get at . the battalion commanders gathered us out he said break you fast we laughed but he distributed tea and dates and we broke our fast when we broke our fast but there felt the dread there is no one who doesn't feel fear he said today at two pm and god willing you though we have venge and all will go invade. the operation again the chief of staff sergeant chevy issue just with guidebooks it was an important document to every officer and soldier dictating beat us all but led he went across the raft and its number who's on your right and on your left in the content of your duffel bag and everything it was wonderful he kept the crew.
11:20 pm
in an operation they had rehearsed many times over the past six years. five egyptian infantry division's would storm across the suez canal. code named dove caught the israeli defense plan was based on the fifteen strong points of the bar-lev line. manned by just four hundred fifty men these foods would be supported by bringing one hundred tanks of the sinai armored division into position on the water line. enough it was thought to foil any egyptian attempt to cross the canal. dove caught would be triggered two hours before the start of the battle. and that would be at six pm they knew that from a show of murder one the source. occurred then
11:21 pm
a friend yes yes it led primarily to a situation were there were no tanks in the positions in the egyptian front because the commandos to some command give an order not to move and the tank to their positions before four o'clock and often on it was certain like everyone else but what would stop that six. in two thousand and two. exposed on muskets. and when i did eat it was. the egyptian national hero causing more of you he was a double agent and in fact he was the jewel in the collar of the gibson deception plan before night pacific. up to over six hundred hours war. two hundred twenty jets at the egyptian at full scrawls the suez canal heading for
11:22 pm
the sinai. their targets israel's command centers and fields and anti-aircraft batteries. but have to have some secular for a if the busts even flying at the altitude of five kilometers i was looking at sinai an explosion here another there is really anti-aircraft missiles targeting our planes in our planes striking at their missile sites but you know what it was like a wedding or a fairy lights the lights flashing on an arc of a beautiful see me sign i looked almost joyful. a mile of the bizarre. the egyptian air craft return to the f. fields off to destroying their targets for the loss of just eight planes. but one of their first casualties was significant president sadat sprog.
11:23 pm
of the for its author facade that was my classmate we never felt he was a president's brother or anything like that he looked like a movie star a landie along with fair hair green eyes so elegant and so manly and he talked his all in piloting and the knowledge but because of his competence not his brother because. within minutes of the first aerial attacks a massive alltel or a barrier begins. to eat. twenty minutes off to zero hour under cover of the continuing artillery fire the first wave of egyptian ground troops across the canal. four thousand men and seven hundred twenty rovs.
11:24 pm
they're in and have seen a shell today praise be to god we found ourselves on the other bank can you imagine if we climbed the sand wolf when timi to high sand would not just feel fault but at twenty five the soldiers were climbing over that like butterflies to hide as a good digging. with the warhol for now old dove caught the israeli defense plan is rushed into action. tanks begin their move towards the canal from where they've been dug in five kilometers to the east. when the egyptian infantry first got across the canal they knew how the israelis will respond they had. eighty three sag. infantry
11:25 pm
portable missile systems that was. proved very effective against israeli armor. i had a million questions does the myside have enough destructive power but with the first missile and the first tank that's also everything for me. in this war new lesson from the egyptian special forces an infantry that a single soldier cannot take a. the previous leader of my bank it was a lesson that was not just all over the wood but that it's a good. three
11:26 pm
hours into the war forty five egyptian infantry battalions formed thirty two thousand men have crossed the canal. the forwards of the bar-lev line have been taken or besieged most of the israeli tanks have been destroyed. it has failed. to softness off iowa. from a. at the end of the day he had just to tell us left of my battalion along with my armored personnel carrier. so then they notified me that there's a brigade on its way to be a leader and that the brigade commander or gabby i mean asks where is the battalion and i say if this is the battalion had laugh. he knows me and knows that i joke around sometimes for permits and i said to him no gabby this is the battalion. or
11:27 pm
if you love every book. after the first wave of egyptian infantry has made the canal crossing thirty five battalions of engineers follow. adult lunch in for a look at school. the engineers crossed with the second wave they put the palms together fixed the hoses and started to point them at the sand wall and started falling down feet this was a big breakthrough as opening up hostages enable us to operate the ferries a move some call it across especially the battalions artillery and the weapons needed to stop any counterattack by the enemy on the eastern side of the elements in the love that. the next phase of the engine is what was to erect
11:28 pm
a pontoon bridge as for the tanks and heavy weapons. by sunrise on day two it looked as if the rule had been an unequivocal success for egypt's armed forces. one hundred thousand men. more than a thousand tanks and over ten thousand other vehicles had crossed the suez canal with only minimal losses. the egyptian army came away from the one nine hundred sixty seven arab israeli war ashamed of itself and in nineteen seventy three the egyptian army proved that it was capable of military success and military victory. that was very important to the egyptians as a fighting force because it proved to them that they themselves could succeed.
11:29 pm
circumstances and facts that point her to this murder confessions are useless without corroboration she thought and they are questioning her about her being a victim of a rape not a suspect in a murder case newly false confession involves a completely made up story some will say anything thinking they can fix it later but there's no fixing it later many statements are used against them in a court of law the system was joe bellenger on al-jazeera. refugees heading for a better life in australia into sex and sent to remote islands. indefinite detention in whole if the conditions are good conscience. understand duties to smuggled out for each eye witness accounts is the main thing you are doing for
11:30 pm
people even asking them not to harm themselves not to kill themselves witness chasing asylum. on al-jazeera. and who are in town or in london with top stories on our zero saudi led air strikes have targeted hoofy rebels holed up in the airport of the strategic yemeni port city of data the u.a.e. is demanding the goofy rebels withdraw unconditionally from the area losing her data would deal a serious blow to the rebels it could also mean imports of food a cut off for the seventy percent of the population the us president has waded into germany's migration route claiming chancellor i'm going to america's government is losing popular support do you see as liberal immigration policy this is trying faces pressure at home over his own administration's policy of separating immigrant
11:31 pm
children from their parents the united states will not be a migrant camp and it will not be a refugee holding facility won't be you look at what's happening in europe you look at what's happening in other places we can't allow that to happen to the united states not on my watch my grandma has been given two weeks by her conservative varian allies to find an e.u. deal that will reduce migration into the country speaking alongside italy's new prime minister she pledged to strengthen the e.u.'s borders against illegal migration. you boys didn't you tell you. we would like to support the wish of italy for further solidarity and we understand that sort of diety over migration in europe is important we completely agree on the importance of the safety of the e.u. says donald borders frontex has to be strengthened for the e.u.
11:32 pm
dealing with migration illegal immigration and people trafficking is going to be a major job of turkish forces have entered the outskirts of the syrian city of man binge as part of an agreement with the us earlier this month turkish and u.s. military officials agreed to the withdrawal of the kurdish y p g from the city when beach has been under control since driving us all out in twenty sixteen with the help of u.s.s. support fighters loyal to the warlord general hurley for have to have carried out air strikes in libya's so-called oil crescent the strikes targeted fighters from an alliance led by the petroleum facilities guard which launched an operation to retake the eastern or terminals on thursday the war not trevor continues next hour of news are for you straight after that folks watching the scene of it. thanks.
11:33 pm
we. thank.
11:34 pm
at fourteen hundred hours on oct sixth nine hundred seventy three young kid poor siren sounded across israel. it was war again. a show bit of trouble publishing for sure straight the elegance of a lot of features a whole new the one memory i have from the one nine hundred fifty six while i was hearing air raid sirens at night swim my father wrapping me in a thick blanket and running with me to the shelter about sixty of them on yom kippur or at two in the afternoon we heard a siren when i did the same thing i took the very same blanket wrapped my six month old son up and out the i ran with him to the shelter of possibly her looked after us not was the first time but i knew it was a war going on about st paul of mcleod saw the show last year of on the chicago looking home. at the same time as egypt was crossing the suez canal and the
11:35 pm
golan heights to israel's north syria join the fray. as advice office i turn to the president has said and said it is time he said that with god's blessing we start i picked up the phone and gave the operation code it was better but added. better but at. least. one hundred fifty syrian jets started the war with a massive aerial strike on israeli positions in the golan. minutes later a thousand artillery pieces opened fire paving the way for the ground assault and. three syrian. infantry divisions formed of forty thousand troops and six hundred tanks cross the puppy line the ceasefire line after the nine hundred sixty seven
11:36 pm
war. two hours into the war the syrians gained their first significant victory when they captured israel's eye a key israeli vantage point two thousand meters above sea level on top of mount hermon. this is where those that were well aware that the syrian paratroopers who carried out the operation advanced first on a ford then another unit was dropped by helicopters from where the battle mount hermon and both units were able to capture the israeli forces who surrendered to the weapons then they raise the syrian flag are now in turmoil and that was the best news we received during the first hour. of. the syrian paratroopers we're joined by a unit of palestinian commandos. but the.
11:37 pm
you cannot imagine the feeling you are now to catching something from the israelis for the first time in their lives where. the battle for the outpost lasted only forty five minutes thirteen israeli soldiers were killed thirty one taken prisoner . or for them the how to remodel. or about our home they captured the outpost and had with them russian and german experts who dismantled all their equipment at the. actually they passed by us carrying the equipment from the outpost which had belonged to the israeli army. and. facing the massive syrian ground assault was an outnumbered israeli defensive line guarded by two hundred israeli soldiers and ten outposts and two ahmed brigades numbering almost one hundred eighty tanks. we forgot to move the.
11:38 pm
uk i looked up and i saw dust trucks coming from the east and it was of course tanks coming towards us as they advanced it began to get dark so we started shooting at them from very long range for five kilometers and we tried to stop their advance then just as they were getting close enough that we were starting to hurt them darkness fell. by nightfall on day one pushing through unguarded holes in the israeli line syrian tanks would penetrate into central go around the key city of. capital of the occupied heights. come out of. the second big news came with the breakthrough of the seventh division into the outskirts of. the third success was when the ninety vision it reached.
11:39 pm
that's a town named south of. it meant that i was encircled from many sides and that was very good news. for. yet more syrian tanks had now advanced into southern gaulin forming a bulge and. recapturing a large part of the strategic heights. by midnight the syrians had made major gains but now strangely the order came to stop the advance and regroup for another assault in the morning. before them the road stretching down to the jordan valley and the heart of israel and defended. just a few kilometers to the east on the edge of the golan the positions which had they been taken would have been virtually impregnable. it's clear that the syrian army did not permit junior commanders discretion in how to act out and regardless of
11:40 pm
which senior person was in control in damascus nobody felt that they could just side to continue without the approval from damascus. president hafez al assad was controlling the syrian army with an iron grip. no one was allowed to act outside the original plan. or free of it nor can. he lived with us he had a bedroom at the command center he slept there and when he woke up he used to salute us and take his place behind the operations desk he was always there in the command center or in his room in the same place or after office in the car. within hours almost a quarter of a million israelis would be mobilized. these reservists were vital support without them the regular forces were facing
11:41 pm
a huge arab numerical superiority. the syrians had calculated it would take the israeli reserves twenty four hours to reach the goal line. in fact the first time with their by midnight at the end of day one just fifteen hours after they had been mobilized. this nine hour difference was to prove crucial. essentially once the syrians fail to take it in twenty four hours and then at that stage you have the israelis begin to really organize themselves and a syrian victory becomes increasingly less likely as as as israel has mobilized. at first light on day two syrian tank commanders could see fifteen kilometers west down to the sea of galilee and the city of tire various but also in the sites
11:42 pm
israeli tanks that simply shouldn't have been that. could have said that hama they were the syrians began to lose the wall they didn't know this yet because the reserve tanks like my brigade started being ready after just fifteen hours instead of twenty four hours some of them went out alone but mainly by status take over from the regular forces join the night combat between october sixth and seventh and shoot a she looked up. shortly off to dawn ignoring the fact that the israelis had successfully mobilized to meet them the syrians launched their plan tank assault. their main target was nothing. the israeli advanced command center and the strategic crossroads that controls the golan. after capturing the syrians would move westwards towards the but not bridge over the jordan river. the
11:43 pm
bridge was less than fifteen kilometers away and beyond it lay the israeli mainland . the israelis were on the verge of disaster. but of your we want to be sure. you will suddenly started shooting at the syrians from three or four different directions we fired on the syrians were stopped some of them managed to bypass enough. but we beat the syrians here and it was here that a battle would have lasted till the night of october seventh finally and the. israelis managed to stop the syrians but paid a heavy price and men and tanks. on top of the casualties the commander of the hundred eighty eighth armored brigade. bencher homme was killed along with his deputy and operations officer. having failed in his main objective
11:44 pm
to take the israeli forward base that now found in his damascus command bunker president assad's decisions were looking increasingly desperate. salame like if. they were at one point a brigade was ordered to attack i gave the order to the commander being aware of the situation on the battlefield he asked me to postpone the attack from six in the morning to make it ten that i took this request from the brigade commander to the president i told him he's asking to postpone that attack until ten the president became angry he said he must start that attack at six o'clock otherwise he can hand over to his deputy i try to ease the tension and then i made the suggestion again i said there is no difference between six and ten except that around two thousand of our troops will be killed so please approve ten but he became even more angry and hit the table with his fist
11:45 pm
a little bit out there and. on days three and four faced with a series of deadlocks assad simply repeated the strategy that had previously. failed to achieve a breakthrough. in a desperate throw of the dice to further the divisions numbering five hundred tanks were brought forward to compensate for the losses of the first two days a. week where we stood there and shocks like mad men me included i was in my own world aiming at the tanks heading towards us shooting down the first second third and fourth i hit some twenty twenty five tanks and everyone everyone took aim and shelter and shot and shot. contribute. in northern golan in a place that became known as the valley of tears by the end of day for the israelis
11:46 pm
had destroyed hundreds of syrian tanks. the same fate befell the first syrian army division during repeated attempts to capture enough i. would go for i think that today looking back forty years to the battle of naafa when the syrian first division decided to withdraw and not complete its mission to get to the jordan valley that was the critical stage in the battle to defend the golan heights. avocado lanny and spica green gold would both receive the medal of valor israel's highest military decoration. but this israeli victory. was not won by bravery alone. the neck of the better for the front of that society had the best side. and to that one tank is sometimes better than another club at that and so one israeli tank can
11:47 pm
destroy twenty syrian tanks and fail because if a tank that can fire same hit and destroyed at a range of two thousand others faces fifty tanks with guns with a range no greater than fifteen hundred meters with simple math that one tank can destroy all the other tanks of those shells cannot reach it the bed and let the love. of god it's just a matter of technical excellence not competence in combat. i don't deny the courage of the syrian officers and soldiers but unfortunately israel had better tanks would you. say. but the bet. on the morning of the ninth of october the israelis launched their counterattack. moving north from the jordan valley they opened fire on syrian tanks and south golan pushing them back before the onslaught. by the following morning the syrian
11:48 pm
threat had been neutralized two thirds of their tanks destroyed or abandoned on the battlefields the syrians were in full retreat back where they had started before hostilities began. a story in that home of how myself is what they say the syrians were overtaken by enthusiasm during the first two days that i thinking they could overpower israel and what that meant taking over the golan of an approaching occupied palestine given that they thought they could end the war but the overstretched themselves and lost a lot of tanks during those first three days that it had set a year. however in sinai to the south egyptians had used their success on day one to secure defensive bridgeheads. with two field armies dug in across the canal the second in the north and the third
11:49 pm
in the south they were prepared for the inevitable israeli counterattack. by the end of day two two of israel's most famous generals ariel sharon and don had arrived at the suez front. each with an arm and division of over three hundred tanks. they were ready to launch a carefully planned counterattack. a dance division to the north would sweep south to expel the egyptian second army from its bridgehead. than once adam had
11:50 pm
pushed the egyptians back across the canal sharon's division would move against the egyptian third army to repeat the process in the south. at zero nine hundred hours on october eighth. the attack began. suddenly we see that tanks of our brothers movie moving in the plane but it's not the division which is moving just little forces of tanks. it's not a division at that. it's not in the right direction instead from north to south they come through us from east to west and we see just before our eyes a terrible enemy fire shells in the desert books of fire around
11:51 pm
any tank. will you save those to fire wood fired at them with every weapon we had it was a massacre a massacre all sorts of weapons then to turn saigon the size of three g.'s of digits enough to do soldiers were moving like birds like goods jumping from one tree to another they would hide behind the ramp to the tank was fifty meters away and within range and then they fired at it they would knock their two one out then move on to the next step and a lot and. i married given characters they remember i was a tank company commander in the six day war and i fought on the sunrise northern road this time i faced complete. difference soldiers soldiers who are much more
11:52 pm
determined soldiers who are certainly different from what i saw in the six day war in the very same place where the sheer amount of a home after it now no not now not that there was no no no no we are here both only it will benefit. to continue. to give me a lot of. israel's initial counter-attack had failed. and after losing fifty of his tanks add on ordered his forces to full back to defensive positions. was still in terms of prestige israeli tank crews had been taken prisoner of war including a tank battalion commander left tenant a sufi gouri. for the first time in its twenty five
11:53 pm
year history israel was on the defensive. sustaining heavy casualties and unable to achieve the superiority of nine hundred sixty seven on land or in the air . in the six day war it had dominated the skies. but now the israeli air force found itself facing a wall of surface to add missile batteries employing the latest soviet sam technology. and by know. they built an anti aircraft system which is among the best the most effective in the world. they use their missiles towards the canal and even transferred some of the lighter missiles to the other side and of course it was ineffective and a system that i must admit.
11:54 pm
to achieve as superiority these release had to try to knock out egypt sound. but the missile defenses took a heavy toll of the attacking at crufts. by day four of the war israel had lost forty eight planes and eight of its entire afros. set off i fire thirty one mi sides and down sixteen aircraft and that's one point eight me sides with each target that's a record because the issue is supposed to be two or three missiles for each plane. i only ever know i was wrong in my open exploded. i don't remember many powerful people and i woke up with. an addiction. as the first week of conflict ended israel suffered another serious blow. on the
11:55 pm
thirteenth of october and front of the world's media the last of israel's bar-lev line of fortresses surrendered to the forty third battalion of egyptian commandos. which were said in an assured i couldn't believe my eyes seeing the israeli soldiers waving the white flag and humiliated still we cheated them very well no one will you see. the last doubt for india again it's even this that the israeli surrender was a moment of humiliation not for me off but when your enemy is so humiliated so the extent that it was that is something with the lieutenant the commander of the stronghold saluted our commander brought down the israeli flag folded it put his going on it and handed it to him he took it and raised the egyptian flag up high
11:56 pm
and they saluted it i was tearful and so happy and thinking oh my god if i were him i would kill myself yet and i don't look i know i'm a witness that. the surrender of fortaleza finally destroyed the myth of the supposedly impregnable bar-lev line. is almost medieval forts which had cost hundreds of millions of dollars to build and proved useless as israel's first line of defense. going to mature market we. figured vantage over us in the young composer war was that they didn't like themselves regarding how they'd functioned in the six day war and they fixed what they were capable of fixing up we lie to ourselves about what had happened in the six day war and now we paid the price for the object shot at sunrise or. as week one of the soaked. the war ended the streets of cairo filled with people
11:57 pm
reveling in their country's military triumphs. six years of defeat and been reversed odds on that in a week to triumph would turn to tense. it was a war that united egypt and syria and against israel but in the heat of the battle that different agendas soon became apparent as of told me that his dream was to avenge to see tonight a sixty seven when president sadat came to follow up he told us just give me ten centimeters of land in the east the second of a three part series israeli population but told that their troops were on the west bank of the so it's going to explore the second week of the war in october on
11:58 pm
al-jazeera. al it's been snowing in new south wales and in victoria not quite down to sea level but sydney is big enough for some decent stuff in the mountains and there's civil not far away obviously that means temps are fairly low forecast wise you'll see that reflected thirteen in melbourne fourteen in sydney and this is on shore along shore southerly breeze with cloud and right and possibly stomatitis still there this is cheering tuesday all this time the rain that was falling in perth has drifted slowly eastwards having left
11:59 pm
a rather wet grind is heading towards adelaide's proper cold front so you're going to feel the change you lose the sunshine you get a bit of rain and thirty nine re suddenly feels more like eight and that's true for melbourne as well brisbane still around the twenty mark and given that that circulation is bring it on shore breeze you expect that there's a big circulation tasman sea and you're right and of course we see what's been happening in north island in new zealand with rain coming in a relatively warm breeze sixteen degrees for oakland but still in the sunshine trust church on tuesday and possibly on wednesday couple reasonable days for at least south island and just to add to the worries in a saka is right on the why the picture home tuesday gets even worse come wednesday . getting to the heart of the matter if not stuff i can do to take the supreme leader calls you today and says let's have told us would you accept facing realities what
12:00 am
do you think reunification of look like there are two people think the peace corps unification is the only option for prosperity of south korea hear their story on talk to al-jazeera. zero. this is the news hour live from london coming up. the u.s. president attacks germany's migrant policy as i know grows over his administration separating immigrant children from their parents. this says i'm going to macros system party gives her two weeks to reach an a new wide migration deal or it will start turning away refugee. as co.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on