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tv   Week 1 The Crossing  Al Jazeera  June 19, 2018 3:00pm-4:01pm +03

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task and one that many people here think the government failed. helen jane daphne and the top stories on al-jazeera syrian government airstrikes have started pounding opposition held areas in the southern province of dera government forces been preparing to recapture the area south of damascus from the rebels in recent weeks but any offensive will be diplomatically sensitive borders jordan and is near the israeli occupied golan heights it's also part of a so-called escalation zone agreed in mid twenty seventeen by russia turkey and iran. it's not a mirage the coalition back in the government in yemen says it now controls the airport in her data but fighting with heathy rebels is going on in some areas in
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the northern part of the airport compound meanwhile martin griffiths the u.n. special envoy for yemen has just left the capital sana'a after three days of meetings with the rebels have a data sent us this update from the other side of the red sea in djibouti from where much of the aid bound for yemen is routed. heavy fighting is still going on inside the despite claims by the soda good solution that they have taken control of the albert residents of the city say the coalition troops off so far take him the main program where my mouth fighting for control of the possum the tunnels as well as the flight control tower who the fighters still holed up in the airport are said to be putting up stiff resistance the doormats hawk number four started with airstrikes on who positions before the coalition troops and militias allied to them calmed the ports from at least three different fronts now there was panic in
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neighborhoods surrounding the airport once the but argue a missile started hitting the airport making many people leave their homes in search of shelter from the falling missiles it was the same case on monday when a talk helped hope to special targeted. snipers who sees my post parched on the roofs of mosques schools as well as the residential buildings in neighborhoods around. in the largest single influx of migrants to spain for four years at least fifteen hundred trying to cross the mediterranean sea from africa over the weekend it comes as more than six hundred migrants arrived in the spanish city of valencia on sunday after their ship was turned away from italy and malta. migration is expected to be on the top of the agenda in the meeting between the leaders of france and germany french president emmanuel mccrone and chancellor angela merkel are due to discuss eurozone reforms before and the e.u.
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summit at the end of the month stock market investors in shanghai and hong kong and had a tough day after the u.s. president threatened china with two hundred billion dollars worth of new tariffs the chinese government quickly responded by warning of strong counter measures and the latest step of the escalating trade war don't want he'll impose a ten percent tariff on chinese imports if china taxes u.s. exports the north korean leader is in china a week after his summit with donald trump in singapore state t.v. says kim jong un is in beijing for a two day visit it's his third trip to china over the past three months trump is refusing to stop separating undocumented migrant families crossing the southern border despite growing condemnation he says he will not allow america to become a migrant camp and blame the opposition democrats for his policy in his ruling hindu nationalist parties pulled out of the coalition governing indian administered
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kashmir prime minister narendra modi's b j p entered into an alliance with a regional party after an inconclusive election in twenty fourteen the chief of the p.d.p. . has resigned following the announcement. indonesian rescue workers have been battling heavy rains and high waves in search of survivors of the ferry sank with possibly eighty people on board the wooden boat went down on lake toba a popular tourist destination in northern sumatra on monday. the un has called a nicaragua's government to invite its monitors into the country without delay president daniel ortega has agreed to investigate the violence that has killed nearly one hundred eighty people since april the more and october is coming up next .
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london october the fifth nine hundred seventy three. shortly after midnight the phone rings in the home of debris are sure of an israeli case officer handling the gyptian spy they simply called the source. it is the source himself his message was simple i need to meet the boss. within minutes shrub has called televisa to wake his superior speed samir director of israel's intelligence service. in just
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a few hours samir is heading for the british capital. later and one of my sons in london safe houses samir meets the source. the information he hears is astonishing. but what makes it all the more important is the identity of the man delivering it. off marwan was one of the best spot used in its banal history he was. was the perfect spot it was not only cliff and vai of a fish and thought he was also a stray crossed with the information he was a lot of people from nasa. with the right hand man of president sadat. so when marwan told samir that the following day at eight hundred hours egypt and syria would launch an attack on israel there was every reason to believe him. but
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was this a genuine leak from the very center of a gyptian power over was the source operating under orders giving information designed to deceive their young and the someone like ashraf martyr one will do nothing without alders from either the egyptian intelligence service all the political leadership on the from president sadat himself. fourteen hundred hours saturday sixth of october my nine hundred seventy three. the holiest day in the jewish calendar of young people the day of atonement. egypt and syria launch an all out war against israel. the targets liberating
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the sinai peninsula and the golan heights territories occupied by israel six years earlier in the six day war. israel is completely unprepared its regular army outnumbered its reservists not yet present on either front. so the question of how to who is where which scored purchased because our troops just six years before the six day war permitted so to get into this situation there's us. yes or that's their war with us because of the split venture of. israel could have or are you. that lightning victory brought with it an illusion of invulnerability. israel seemed secure behind
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a protective military cuts and. and despite intelligence warnings during september nine hundred seventy three of an upcoming arab attack the head of amman israel's military intelligence general. was convinced there was nothing to worry about. saddam's close relationship with the soviets guaranteed a supply of military hardware. at the israelis knew he had been able to obtain the latest generation of attack weapons. without that israel's military might outweight egypt in the balance. but ever since the humiliation of the six day war egyptians had to see their country fight back. as it can she says fawzia as there was a divorce they think feeling of
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a crisis and defeat there was tension there was disorder including the most gracious and the occupation of to her square and everyone wanted to fight back the regime was accused of failure and therefore so that was heavily criticized the. people in the streets agitated for the most powerful constituency of all egypt's more than one million strong army was desperate to show that it could fight and win against the israeli enemy they had to look at every day just two hundred meters across the suez canal. and implicitly that israeli flag i cannot describe the feeling of my generation knows this feeling very well you know stretching for one hundred sixty seven kilometers there's really flags up are you in every kilometer to right before your eyes of all along the canal that i swear this week nearly turned the color of the suez canal black eye so
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is black and when i look towards the desert i saw with only grading from black to gray at the lower just so much depressing look this has a duty to it. with outdated weapons and lacking the ability to liberate the whole of sinai in a military operation in february nine hundred seventy one less than four months after taking power sadat offered a peace deal if the israelis would withdraw from sinai. israeli prime minister golda made rebuffed the offer. why should i but. now after the experience that everybody under. can assure us. something more terrible than we had. for israel then to give up
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a side. would have probably been an impractical thing to achieve unfortunately sometimes it really does take a military offensive to change perceptions of negotiating skills. so it had to be. but sadat had a bold idea in mind. could a limited war bring the attention of the world superpowers back to the region and jump start stalled peace initiatives. it was a plan developed by his chief of staff says lee. and another called before the. now we can cross the souse going to go with infantry troops one of the stop but then two fifty kilometers advancing our air defenses to the west bank of
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the canal in half the planet which gives us an anti aircraft amberleigh for fifteen kilometers east of the canal at that point i stop even if the enemy withdraws because the enemy has one of two options either confront in which case i can inflict huge losses or stop two feet of those big losses. and that the it across if . as he contemplated a limited war said that found an ally. opposite as it had come to power in syria in one nine hundred seventy through a coup de tat. he too had points to prove to his people. they have and that's out there on the face of the set as he lights up austen we should not forget that half of the last of them was the defense minister during the one nine hundred sixty seven defeat and he was mainly held accountable because you cannot exonerate the defense minister for such
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a defeat to the syrian army that off that set aside of history so when half of the us that came to power in syria he started to absolve himself of the nine hundred sixty seven defeat and to prepare the syrian army for the next battle but when would that be ok no one knew of them arctic and in it that meant that that was. in a series of meetings throughout the one nine hundred seventy three sadat and refined the war plan. it was given the code name bedded after the prophet muhammad's fust victorious battle against the nonbelievers. when they met in syria in late august and all spacious date was chosen. on the sixth of october the tenth day of ramadan the muslim holy month the jewish holy day of young capote egypt and syria would launch
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a surprise attack against israel. but first a setback in the air unintentionally served to disguise the buildup and confuse the enemy. on the thirteenth of september israeli and syrian jets clashed over the mediterranean. the dogfight ended with the syrians losing thirteen aircraft the israelis only one. harker. my it could it's the beer afterwards when the syrian forces started building up we thought that in their opinion we deserved some sort of retribution but that the build up was because of that the come up. as syrian troop concentrations in the golan grew to the south on the suez canal there were clear signs of something similar. but it's a whole lot of meat that said father gary the super go to lots for me egyptian army
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is getting stronger i'm constantly exercising i saw them raising the son from their side hires him even higher than ours and opening gaps and getting into the water measuring the journey carrying out all sorts of exercises crème forms the high command but they said don't worry how many of these are just standard egyptian army exercises the patience of obviously. only five months previously the israelis had responded quickly to a similar build up. they'd mobilize their reserves only to find that the egyptians had gone no further than the edge of the suez canal. this time on israel's military intelligence was determined not to make the same costly mistake was. in it documented among published. of number of feet it was a perfect description of the egyptian army ready to go to war the bottom line was
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we nevertheless believe that there was no change in the egyptian estimate regarding the balance of forces with the f. and therefore the likelihood for war is low. but all that was about to change. that same night in london a chef marwan up the nasr son in law and said dotson phonation secretary would tell israel's and. elegans chief that the attack would begin at eight hundred hours the next day. at zero eight hundred hours on the sixth of october the israeli cabinet met an emergency session . instead of attending young people prayers to ask forgiveness for their sins they had been summoned by the threat of imminent war. there was an argument of volkov. and. to the ship of the but out to mobilize the whole of us almost
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the minister of defense for the time of. his finance while the foreign if is a mobilize have a selves. then egypt and syria may claim that it is is that intends to. and they feel that they have to make it clear that israel was that they're not israel is attacking. in spite of diane's opposition at zero nine hundred hours the cabinet decided on immediate mobilization of israeli reserves. meanwhile on this holiest of holy days israeli soldiers on the front lines fasted and prayed. but there calm was to be interrupted with the news of the upcoming war . ironically across the canal egyptian troops were given their first warning of war at exactly the same time. they were to break their modern fast and
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prepare for battle. but the attack would come earlier than the israelis had been led to believe. that they were at. the battalion commanders gathered us that he said break you fast we laughed but he distributed tea and dates and we broke our fast when we broke our fast but there felt the dread there is no one who doesn't feel fear he said today at two pm and god willing either we have vent and all will go invade. the operation again the chief of staff sergeant issued us with guide books it was an important document to every officer and soldier dictating beat us all but led he went across the raft and its number who's on your right and on your left the content of your duffel bag and everything it was wonderful he kept the crew.
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in an operation they had rehearsed many times over the past six years. five egyptian infantry divisions would storm across the suez canal. code named of caught the israeli defense plan was based on the fifteen strong points of the bar-lev line. manned by just four hundred fifty men these foods would be supported by bringing one hundred tanks of the sinai armored division into position on the water line. enough it was thought to foil any egyptian attempt to cross the canal. dove caught would be triggered two hours before the start of the battle. and that would be at six pm they knew that from a shove might have won the source. because then a friends yes yes it led primarily to situation were there were no tanks in the
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positions in the gyptian front because the commando to some command given all the not to move and the tank to their positions before four o'clock and often on you was certain like everyone else but what was stopped six. in two thousand and two. exposed on mosques. and when i did eat it was. the. egyptian national hero because in my view he was a double agent and in fact he was me join me in the calm of the gibson deception plan before night the seventh pick. up to over six hundred hours will. see. two hundred twenty jets of the egyptian apples cross the suez canal heading for the
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sinai. that targets israel's command centers and fields and anti-aircraft batteries. but i have to have some secular if the busts even flying at the altitude of five kilometers i was looking at sinai for about an explosion here another their money is really anti-aircraft missiles targeting our planes in our planes striking at their missile sites but you know what it was like a wedding with fairy lights lights flashing on an r.v. a beautiful see me sign i looked almost joyful. a mile of. the egyptian air craft return to the f. fields off to destroying that targets for the loss of just eight planes. but one of the first casualties was significant president said dad's brother.
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of the different author facade that was my classmate we never felt he was a president's brother or anything like that he looked like a movie star a landie along with fair hair green eyes so elegant and so manly and he talked his own pilot and the knowledge but because of his competence not his brother because. within minutes of the first aerial attacks a massive alltel or a barrier begins. twenty minutes off to zero hour under cover of the continuing artillery fire the first wave of egyptian ground troops across the canal. four thousand men and seven hundred twenty rafts.
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there in an f. c. in a shelter. praise be to god we found ourselves. other bag can you imagine if we climbed the sand walled one thousand meter high sand world not just for your fault but when the soldiers were climbing all over the earth like butterflies i guess i get digging. with the warhol for now old dove caught the israeli defense plan is rushed into action. tanks begin their move towards the canal from where they've been dug in five kilometers to the east. when the egyptian infantry go across first got across the canal they kind of knew how the israelis will respond they had. eighty three sag with.
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these infantry portable missile systems and it was. proved to be very effective against the israeli. i had a million questions does the myside have enough destructive power but with the first messiah and the first tank that's also everything for me. there's a good time. and this war was a new lesson emerging from the education of special forces an infantry that a single soldier cannot take a. the previous leader of my bank it was a lesson that was not just all over the wood but that it's a good. three
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hours into the war forty five egyptian infantry battalions formed thirty two thousand men have crossed the canal. the foods of the bar-lev line have been taken or besieged most of the israeli tanks have been destroyed. has failed. the softness off iowa. from a. at the end of the day he had just to tell us left of my battalion along with my armored personnel carrier. so then they notified me that there's a brigade on its way to be a leader and that the brigade commander or gabby i mean asks where is the battalion and i say therefore this is the battalion and laugh he knows me and knows that i joke around sometimes for permits and i said to him no gabby this is the battalion . or kind of every very good. after the first wave of egyptian
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infantry has made the canal crossing thirty five battalions of engineers funnel. ad that luncheon for a look at. the engineers crossed with the second wave they put the palms together fixed the hoses and started to point them at the sand wall and started falling down. this was a big breakthrough as opening up hostages who may have less to operate the ferries a move some call it across especially the battalions artillery and the weapons needed to stop any counterattack by the enemy on the eastern side of the elements and let them. leak. the next phase of the engine is work was to erect pontoon bridges for the tanks and
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heavy weapons. by sunrise on day two it looked as if the rule had been an unequivocal success for egypt's armed forces. one hundred thousand men. more than a thousand tanks and over ten thousand other vehicles had crossed the suez canal with only minimal losses. the egyptian army came away from the one nine hundred sixty seven arab israeli war ashamed of itself and in nineteen seventy three the egyptian army proved that it was capable of military success and military victory. that was very important to the egyptians as a fighting force because it proved to them that they themselves could succeed.
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refugees heading for a better life in australia in two send it and sent to remote island indefinite detention in conditions of good conscience. understand how you can do this to smuggle god for the church and i witness accounts the main thing in doing for people even asking them not to settle not to kill themselves witness chasing asylum . on al-jazeera. running six continents across the globe. al-jazeera is correspondents live and bringing the stories they tell you that this was not good news nothing.
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we're at the mercy of the russian account for palestinian refugees al-jazeera fluent in world news. and other top stories on al-jazeera airstrikes of hit opposition held areas in syria's southern province of dera government forces have been preparing to recapture the area south of damascus from the rebels in recent weeks but any offensive will be diplomatically sensitive there are borders jordan and is near the israeli occupied golan heights it's also part of a so-called deescalation zone agreed in mid twenty seventeen by russia turkey and iran. the saudi mirage coalition back in the government in yemen says it now controls the airport in her data but fighting with who three rebels is going on in some areas in the northern part of the airport compound. martin griffiths the u.n.
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special envoy for yemen has just left the capital sana'a after three days of meetings with the hooty rebels and the largest single influx of migrants to spain in four years at least fifteen hundred trying to cross the mediterranean sea from africa over the weekend comes as more than six hundred migrants arrived in the spanish city of atlanta on sunday after their ship was turned away from italy and motor now migration is expected to be on the top of the agenda in a meeting between the leaders of france and germany french president in manual mccrone and chancellor angela merkel are due to discuss euro zone reforms before an e.u. summit at the end of the month stock market investors in shanghai and hong kong of had a tough day of the u.s. prison threaten china with tariffs on two hundred billion dollars worth of goods the chinese government quickly responded by warning of strong counter measures the north korean leader is in china a week after his summit with donald trump in singapore the state t.v.
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says kim jong un is in beijing for a two day visit it sees third trip to china over the past three months india's reeling nationalist party is ruled out of the pulled out of the coalition governing indian administered kashmir promise and the random ots b j p entered into the alliance with a regional party often inconclusive election in twenty fourteen the chief of the p.d.p. it will be moved he has resigned following the announcement in an asian rescue workers been battling heavy rains and high waves in search of survivors after a ferry sank with possibly eighty people on board the wooden boat went down a leg turbot a popular tourist destination in northern sumatra on monday those are the headlines let's go back now to the war in october. at fourteen hundred hours on october sixth nine hundred seventy three young kid
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poor siren sounded across israel. it was war again. a show bit of trouble publishing for sure straight the elegant cherish of the wall that features a hold of the one memory i have from the one nine hundred fifty six while i was hearing air raid sirens at night swim my father wrapping me in a thick blanket and running with me to the shelter of the city limits on yom kippur war two in the afternoon we heard a siren when i did the same thing so i took the very same blanket wrapped my six month old son often at the i ran with him to the shelter of bus me her looked after us and that was the first time that i knew i was a war going on that's the goal of the club saw family show last year of on the chicago little home. at the same time as egypt was crossing the suez canal and the golan heights to israel's north syria join the fray.
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and that is how that i turn to the president has said and said it is time he said that with god's blessing we start i picked up the phone and gave the operation cold it was better but added. better but at. least. one hundred fifty syrian jets started the war with a massive aerial strike on israeli positions in the golan to sleep. minutes later a thousand artillery pieces opened fire paving the way for the ground assault and. three syrian. entry divisions formed of forty thousand troops and six hundred tanks cross the puppy line the ceasefire line after the nine hundred sixty seven war.
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two hours into the war the syrians gained their first significant victory when they captured israel's eye a key israeli vantage point two thousand meters above sea level on top of mount hermon this is what was that what well. the syrian paratroopers who carried out the operation advanced first on a ford then another unit was dropped by helicopters from where the battle mount hermon and both units were able to capture the israeli forces who surrendered to the weapons then they raise the syrian flag on mount hermon and that was the best news we received during the first hour. but the syrian paratroopers we're joined by a unit a palestinian commandos. but the. you cannot imagine the feeling you are now to catching something from the israelis
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for the first time in their lives where. the battle for the outpost lasted only forty five minutes thirteen israeli soldiers were killed thirty one taken prisoner . of the how to remodel. what about our home they captured the outpost and had with them russian and german experts who dismantled all the equipment. actually they passed by us carrying the equipment from the outpost which had belonged to the israeli army. and. facing the massive syrian ground assault was an outnumbered israeli defensive line guarded by two hundred israeli soldiers and ten outposts and two ahmed brigades numbering almost one hundred eighty tanks. we forgot to move the.
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fuck i looked up and i saw dust trucks coming from the east and it was of course tanks coming towards us as they advanced it began to get dark so we started shooting at them from very long range for five kilometers and we tried to stop their advance then just as they were getting close enough that we were starting to hurt them darkness fell. by nightfall on day one pushing through unguarded holes in the israeli line syrian tanks would penetrate into central go around the key city of. capital of the occupied heights. come out of. the second big news came with the breakthrough of the seventh division into the outskirts of. the third success was when the ninth division reached. that's a town named the south of. it meant that there was encircled from many sides
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and that was very good news. for. yet more syrian tanks had now advanced into southern gaulin forming a bulge and. recapturing a large part of the strategic heights. by midnight the syrians had made major gains but now strangely the order came to stop the advance and regroup for another assault in the morning. before them the road stretching down to the jordan valley and the heart of israel and defended. just a few kilometers to the east on the edge of the golan the positions which had they been taken would have been virtually impregnable. it's clear that the syrian army did not permit junior commanders discretion in how to act out and regardless of
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which senior person was in control in damascus nobody felt that they could just side to continue without the approval from damascus. president hafez al assad was controlling the syrian army with an iron grip. no one was allowed to act outside the original plan. or free of it nor can. he lived with us he had a bedroom at the command center he slept there and when he woke up he used to salute us and take his place behind the operations desk he was always there in the command center or in his room in the same place or after office in the car. within hours almost a quarter of a million israelis would be mobilized. these reservists were vital support without them the regular forces were facing a huge arab numerical superiority. the
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syrians had calculated it would take the israeli reserves twenty four hours to reach the goal line. in fact the first time with their by midnight at the end of day one just. hours after they had been mobilized. this nine hour difference was to prove crucial. essentially once the syrians failed to take it in twenty four hours then at that stage you have the israelis beginning to really organize themselves and the syrian victory becomes increasingly less likely as as as israel has mobilized. at first light on day two syrian tank commanders could see fifteen kilometers west down to the sea of galilee and the city of tire various but also in the sites israeli tanks that simply shouldn't have been that. could have sued them in hama they were
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the syrians began to lose the war they didn't know this yet because the reserve tanks like my brigade started being ready after just fifteen hours instead of twenty four hours some of them went out alone but mainly by status take over from the regular forces join the night combat between october sixth and seventh shushi looked over. shortly off to doon ignoring the fact that the israelis had successfully mobilized to meet them the syrians launched their plan tank assault. their main target was nothing. the israeli advanced command center and the strategic crossroads that controls the golan. after capturing the syrians would move westwards towards the but not bridge over the jordan river. the bridge was less than
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fifteen kilometers away and beyond it lay the israeli mainland. the israelis were on the verge of disaster. and of your we want to assure. you we suddenly started shooting at the syrians from three or four different directions we fired on the syrians were stopped some of them managed to bypass enough. but we beat the syrians here and it was here that a battle would have lasted till the night of october seventh finally and the. israelis managed to stop the syrians but paid a heavy price and men and tanks. on top of the casualties the commander of the hundred eighty eighth armored brigade. venture homme was killed along with his deputy and operations officer. having failed in his main objective to take the israeli forward base that now found in his damascus command bunker
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president assad's decisions were looking increasingly desperate. salame or if. they were at one point a brigade was ordered to attack i gave the order to the commander being aware of the situation on the battlefield he asked me to postpone the attack from six in the morning to make it ten that i took this request from the brigade commander to the president i told him he's asking to postpone that attack until ten the president became angry he said he must start that attack at six o'clock otherwise he can hand over to his deputy i tried to ease the tension and then i made the suggestion again i said there is no difference between six and ten except that around two thousand of our troops will be killed so please approve ten but he became even more angry and hit the table with his fist although being out there in. on
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days three and four faced with a series of deadlocks assad simply repeated the strategy that had previously. failed to achieve a breakthrough. in a desperate throw of the dice to further the divisions numbering five hundred tanks were brought forward to compensate for the losses of the first two days a. week where we stood there and shocks like a madman me included i was in my own world aiming at the tanks heading towards us shooting down the first second third and fourth i hit some twenty twenty five tanks and everyone everyone took aim and shelter and shot and shot they. contribute. in northern gaulin in a place that became known as the valley of tears by the end of day for the israelis had destroyed hundreds of syrian tanks. the same fate befell the first syrian army
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division during repeated attempts to capture enough. but. would go far i think that today looking back forty years to the battle of now five. when the syrian first division decided to withdraw and not complete its mission to get to the jordan valley that was the critical stage in the battle to defend the golan heights. avocado lanny and spica green gold would both receive the medal of valor israel's highest military decoration. but this israeli victory. was not won by bravery alone. the neck of the bets for the conduct that the city had the best. and to that one tank is sometimes better than another club at that so one israeli
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tank can destroy twenty syrian tanks and fail because of a tank that can fire the same hit and destroy at a range of two thousand others faces fifty tanks with guns with a range no greater than fifteen hundred meters with simple math that one tank can destroy all the other tanks that those shells cannot reach at the bed and let the love. of god it's just a matter of technical excellence not competence in combat. i don't deny the courage of the syrian officers and soldiers but unfortunately israel had better tanks and. say what a forward but the vet. on the morning of the ninth of october the israelis launched their counterattack. moving north from the jordan valley they opened fire on syrian tanks and south golan pushing them back before the onslaught. by the following morning the syrian threat
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had been neutralized two thirds of their tanks destroyed or abandoned on the battlefields the syrians were in full retreat back where they had started before hostilities began. a sort of home of how myself is what they say the syrians were overtaken by enthusiasm during the first two days thinking they could overpower israel and what that meant taking over the goal line of an approaching occupied palestine given that they thought they could end the war at the overstretched themselves and lost a lot of tanks during those first three days that it had set a year. however in sinai to the south egyptians had used their success on day one to secure a defensive bridgeheads. with two field armies dug in across the canal the second in the north and the third in the south they were prepared for the
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inevitable israeli counterattack. by the end of day two to israel's most famous generals ariel sharon and don had arrived at the suez front. each with an arm and division of over three hundred tanks. they were ready to launch a carefully planned counterattack. a downs division to the north would sweep south to expel the egyptian second army from its bridgehead. then once out on how to push the egyptians back across the canal share owns division would move against
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the egyptian third army to repeat the process in the south. at zero nine hundred hours on october eighth. the attack began. suddenly we see that thanks of our brothers movie. in the play but it's not the division which is moving just a little falseness of thanks. it's not a divisional attack. it's not in the right direction instead from north to south they come for us from east to west and we see just before our eyes a terrible enemy fire shells in the desert books of fire around
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any tank. received those to fire with fire that them with every weapon we had it was a massacre a massacre all sorts of weapons then to turn saigon the size of three g.'s of the gyptian off to do soldiers were moving like birds like birds jumping from one tree to another they would hide behind the ram till the tank was fifty meters away and within range and then they fired at it they would not go there to one out then move on to the next step and a lot then. i married people who protest i remember i was a tank company commander in the six day war and i fought on saunas northern road but this time i faced completely different soldiers soldiers who are much more
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determined soldiers who are certainly different from what i saw in the six day war in the very same place in the pyramid of a home after it now no not now not that i know. we. were able. to continue. to give me a lot of. israel's initial counterattack had failed. and after losing fifty of his tanks add-on ordered his forces to full back to defensive positions. was still in terms of prestigious israeli tank crews had been taken prisoner of war including a tank battalion commander left tenant kind of a sufi gouri. for the first time in its twenty five
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year history israel was on the defensive. sustaining heavy casualties and unable to achieve the superiority of one nine hundred sixty seven on land or in the air. in the six day war it had dominated the skies. but now the israeli air force found itself facing a wall of surface to add missile batteries employing the latest soviet sam technology. and by no. they built an anti-aircraft system which is among the best the most effective in the world. they use their missiles towards the canal and even transferred some of the lighter missiles to the other side and of course it was an effective system that i must admit. that out of sheer k.m.'s. to achieve as
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superiority these really is had to try to knock out egypt sound more. but the missile defenses took a heavy toll of the attacking ak rofft. by day four of the war israel had lost forty eight planes and eight of its entire afros. set off by fire thirty one me side and down sixteen aircraft and that's one point eight me sides with each target that's a record because the issue is supposed to be two or three missiles for each plane. i only ever know i was wrong in my open exploded rules. don't remember me powerful people exploded and i woke up with. an addiction. is the first week of conflict ended israel suffered another serious blow. on the thirteenth of october and front of the world's media the last of israel's bar-lev
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line of fortresses surrendered to the forty third battalion of egyptian commandos. mishra said in an assurance i couldn't believe my eyes seeing the israeli soldiers waving the white flag and humiliated still we cheated them very well no one will you see. the last doubt for india again it's even is that the israeli surrender was a moment of humiliation not for me thought that when your enemy is so humiliated so the extent that it was that is something with the lieutenant the commander of the stronghold saluted our commander brought down the israeli flag folded it put his gun on it and handed it to him he took it and raised the egyptian flag up high and they saluted it i was tearful and so happy and thinking oh my god if i were him
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i would kill myself yet and i don't look i know i'm a witness at. the surrender of fourteen as a half finally destroyed the myth of the supposedly impregnable bar-lev line. is almost medieval forts which had cost hundreds of millions of dollars to build and proved useless as israel's first line of defense. mature market but we featured sions big advantage over us and the young composer war was that they didn't like themselves regarding how they'd functioned in the six day war and they fixed what they were capable of fixing up we lie to ourselves about what had happened in the six day war and that we paid the price for the object shot at sunrise and. as week one of this doctor. the war ended the streets of cairo filled with people reveling
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in their country's military triumphs. six years of defeat and been reversed mom. put in a week to triumph would turn to chance. it was a war that united egypt and syria are against israel but in the heat of the battle that different agendas soon became apparent as a told me that his dream was to the venge to see tonight his except when president sadat came to a poet he told us just give me ten centimeters of land in the east the second of a three part series israeli population but told that their troops were on the west bank of the so it's going to explore the second week of the war in october on al-jazeera.
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i phone. me feeding. sponsored by cattle i always. looking for to drive across a good pothole facilis unpleasant sounds i've asked of course much of south america a little more clout there just between santiago and want to sarah's but the temperatures in point of sarah's not dainty badly or warm northerly winds say seventeen celsius here twenty seven there for a sense of that we go with that fine weather through much of brazil a fall north we'll see a few showers up towards french guy and i gonna itself over towards venezuela and into colombia a little changes be gone from cheese day on into white as dice eighteen celsius
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would want to say i was at all so for santiago i find it dries you can see further north until we run into those seasonal showers for the showers a cossack stand up into the caribbean still a fair amount of tat into central america southern parts of mexico much of mexico seeing some lively showers and still some pretty beefy showers there just around panama scattering of clout there and some showers into the caribbean some heavy downpours now will say were affecting the lesser antilles over the next day or so further north it should be lousy draws to go on into wettest day for much of cuba but so the fall north of the country will see some showers there into covena still quite a rash of showers for much of central mexico. though whether it's. always. going to stand as good as you know if you both sources are under a permit why are they so poor to measure you. we're fighting with each other and
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form a government that we may have the toughest land essentially now where the more we let play stand the more they push back we knew it was coming the question was do we sit back and wait or do we surprise them with a preemptive strike the oil on al-jazeera. on june twenty fourth turkish citizens will vote in one of their most significant elections in recent years the winner will tank on news sweeping presidential powers approved in a referendum last year we'll have full coverage of the vote and its impact follow the turkey elections on al-jazeera. a new series of rewind a care bring your people back to life i'm sorry and bring you updates on the best of al-jazeera documentaries the struggle continues from. use distance rewind continues with baltimore anatomy of an american city close friends
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who were lost to the streets i can literally see the future of baltimore to the ass of my students and it does not look rewind on al-jazeera. this is al-jazeera. and i'm jane dutton this is the news live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes the battle for ad day the airport the saudi led coalition claims its in control but intense skirmishes continue. missing their families the tears of the children forcibly removed from their families under the white house's controversial immigration scheme. while the french
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president and german chancellor try to agree a policy to protect the welfare of the arriving migrants.


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